Free-response/problem

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Free-response/problem"

Transcription

1 Free-response/problem Explain why an economy s income must equal its expenditure. 0

2 23 Measuring a Nation s Income P R I N C I P L E S O F ECONOMICS F O U R T H E D I T I O N N. G R E G O R Y M A N K I W PowerPoint Slides by Ron Cronovich 2007 Thomson South-Western, all rights reserved

3 Real versus Nominal GDP Inflation can distort economic variables like GDP, so we have two versions of GDP: One is corrected for inflation, the other is not. Nominal GDP values output using current prices. It is not corrected for inflation. Real GDP values output using the prices of a base year. Real GDP is corrected for inflation. 2

4 EXAMPLE: Pizza Latte year P Q P Q 2002 $ $ $ $ $ $ Compute nominal GDP in each year: 2002: $10 x $2 x 1000 = $6, : $11 x $2.50 x 1100 = $8, : $12 x $3 x 1200 = $10,800 Increase: 37.5% 30.9% 3

5 EXAMPLE: Pizza Latte year P Q P Q 2002 $ $ $ $ $ $ Compute real GDP in each year, using 2002 as the base year: 2002: $10 x $2 x 1000 = $6, : $10 x $2 x 1100 = $7, : $10 x $2 x 1200 = $8,400 Increase: 20.0% 16.7% 4

6 EXAMPLE: year Nominal GDP In each year, Real GDP 2002 $6000 $ $8250 $ $10,800 $8400 nominal GDP is measured using the (then) current prices. real GDP is measured using constant prices from the base year (2002 in this example). 5

7 EXAMPLE: year Nominal GDP Real GDP 2002 $6000 $ % 2003 $8250 $ % 2004 $10,800 $ % 16.7% The change in nominal GDP reflects both prices and quantities. The change in real GDP is the amount that GDP would change if prices were constant (i.e., if zero inflation). Hence, real GDP is corrected for inflation. 6

8 Billions Nominal and Real GDP in the U.S., $12,000 $10,000 $8,000 $6,000 Real GDP (base year 2000) $4,000 $2,000 Nominal GDP $

9 The GDP Deflator The GDP deflator is a measure of the overall level of prices. Definition: GDP deflator = 100 x nominal GDP real GDP One way to measure the economy s inflation rate is to compute the percentage increase in the GDP deflator from one year to the next. 8

10 EXAMPLE: year Nominal GDP Real GDP 2002 $6000 $ $8250 $ $10,800 $8400 GDP Deflator % 12.2% Compute the GDP deflator in each year: 2002: 100 x (6000/6000) = : 100 x (8250/7200) = : 100 x (10,800/8400) =

11 A C T I V E L E A R N I N G 2: Computing GDP 2004 (base yr) P Q P Q P Q good A $ $31 1,000 $ good B $ $ $ Use the above data to solve these problems: A. Compute nominal GDP in B. Compute real GDP in C. Compute the GDP deflator in

12 A C T I V E L E A R N I N G 2: Answers 2004 (base yr) P Q P Q P Q good A $ $31 1,000 $ good B $ $ $ A. Compute nominal GDP in $30 x $100 x 192 = $46,200 B. Compute real GDP in $30 x $100 x 200 = $50,000 11

13 A C T I V E L E A R N I N G 2: Answers 2004 (base yr) P Q P Q P Q good A $ $31 1,000 $ good B $ $ $ C. Compute the GDP deflator in Nom GDP = $36 x $100 x 205 = $58,300 Real GDP = $30 x $100 x 205 = $52,000 GDP deflator = 100 x (Nom GDP)/(Real GDP) = 100 x ($58,300)/($52,000) =

14 GDP and Economic Well-Being Real GDP per capita is the main indicator of the average person s standard of living. But GDP is not a perfect measure of well-being. Robert Kennedy issued a very eloquent yet harsh criticism of GDP: 13

15 Gross Domestic Product does not allow for the health of our children, the quality of their education, or the joy of their play. It does not include the beauty of our poetry or the strength of our marriages, the intelligence of our public debate or the integrity of our public officials. It measures neither our courage, nor our wisdom, nor our devotion to our country. It measures everything, in short, except that which makes life worthwhile, and it can tell us everything about America except why we are proud that we are Americans. - Senator Robert Kennedy, 1968

16 GDP Does Not Value: the quality of the environment leisure time non-market activity, such as the child care a parent provides his or her child at home an equitable distribution of income 15

17 Then Why Do We Care About GDP? Having a large GDP enables a country to afford better schools, a cleaner environment, health care, etc. Many indicators of the quality of life are positively correlated with GDP. For example 16

18 GDP and Life Expectancy in 12 Countries Life expectancy (in years) Japan U.S. 75 China Mexico Germany Indonesia India Brazil Russia Pakistan Bangladesh Nigeria $0 $10,000 $20,000 $30,000 $40,000 Real GDP per capita, 2002

19 GDP and Adult Literacy in 12 Countries Adult Literacy (% of population) Russia China Mexico Brazil Indonesia Japan Germany U.S. 70 Nigeria 60 India Pakistan Bangladesh $0 $10,000 $20,000 $30,000 $40,000 Real GDP per capita, 2002

20 GDP and Internet Usage in 12 Countries Internet Usage (% of population) Japan U.S. Germany China Mexico Brazil Russia $0 $10,000 $20,000 $30,000 $40,000 Real GDP per capita, 2002

Lecture 1: Gross Domestic Product

Lecture 1: Gross Domestic Product Lecture 1: Gross Domestic Product August 28, 2014 Prof. Wyatt Brooks MEASURING A NATION S INCOME 0 Structure of the Course First Part of the Class: The macroeconomy in the long run Why are countries rich

More information

NATIONAL INCOME AND PRODUCT ACCOUNTING MEASURING THE MACROECONOMY

NATIONAL INCOME AND PRODUCT ACCOUNTING MEASURING THE MACROECONOMY NATIONAL INCOME AND PRODUCT ACCOUNTING MEASURING THE MACROECONOMY 1. NIPA: GNP and GDP 2. Saving and Wealth 3. Prices and Inflation 4. Unemployment 5. Problems with Measuring the Macroeconomy There are

More information

EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics. EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 Solution

EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics. EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 Solution EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 Solution 1) Given the difference between Gross Domestic Product and Gross National Product for a given economy: a) Provide

More information

Data on selected insurance markets

Data on selected insurance markets Data on selected insurance markets Economic Research Munich, March 205 Germany CAGR* 2004 204: 2.6% CAGR* 2004 204:.% Macroeconomics & wealth, 204 Asset classes as % of gross financial assets, 204 82.7mn

More information

Households Wages, profit, interest, rent = $750. Factor markets. Wages, profit, interest, rent = $750

Households Wages, profit, interest, rent = $750. Factor markets. Wages, profit, interest, rent = $750 KrugmanMacro_SM_Ch07.qxp 11/9/05 4:47 PM Page 87 Tracking the Macroeconomy 1. Below is a simplified circular-flow diagram for the economy of Micronia. a. What is the value of GDP in Micronia? b. What is

More information

MEASURING A NATION S INCOME

MEASURING A NATION S INCOME 10 MEASURING A NATION S INCOME WHAT S NEW IN THE FIFTH EDITION: There is more clarification on the GDP deflator. The Case Study on Who Wins at the Olympics? is now an FYI box. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: By the

More information

Big Concepts. Measuring U.S. GDP. The Expenditure Approach. Economics 202 Principles Of Macroeconomics

Big Concepts. Measuring U.S. GDP. The Expenditure Approach. Economics 202 Principles Of Macroeconomics Lecture 6 Economics 202 Principles Of Macroeconomics Measuring GDP Professor Yamin Ahmad Real GDP and the Price Level Economic Growth and Welfare Big Concepts Ways to Measure GDP Expenditure Approach Income

More information

Chapter 20. The Measurement of National Income. In this chapter you will learn to. National Output and Value Added

Chapter 20. The Measurement of National Income. In this chapter you will learn to. National Output and Value Added Chapter 20 The Measurement of National Income In this chapter you will learn to 1. Use the concept of value added to solve the problem of double counting when measuring national income. 2. Describe the

More information

MEASURING GDP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH CHAPTER

MEASURING GDP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH CHAPTER MEASURING GDP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH CHAPTER Objectives After studying this chapter, you will able to Define GDP and use the circular flow model to explain why GDP equals aggregate expenditure and aggregate

More information

Chapter 24. What will you learn in this chapter? Valuing an economy. Measuring the Wealth of Nations

Chapter 24. What will you learn in this chapter? Valuing an economy. Measuring the Wealth of Nations Chapter 24 Measuring the Wealth of Nations 2014 by McGraw-Hill Education 1 What will you learn in this chapter? How to calculate gross domestic product (GDP). Why each component of GDP is important. What

More information

Professor Christina Romer. LECTURE 17 MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES AND ISSUES March 17, 2016

Professor Christina Romer. LECTURE 17 MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES AND ISSUES March 17, 2016 Economics 2 Spring 2016 Professor Christina Romer Professor David Romer LECTURE 17 MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES AND ISSUES March 17, 2016 I. MACROECONOMICS VERSUS MICROECONOMICS II. REAL GDP A. Definition B.

More information

Comparing Levels of Development

Comparing Levels of Development 2 Comparing Levels of Development Countries are unequally endowed with natural capital. For example, some benefit from fertile agricultural soils, while others have to put a lot of effort into artificial

More information

GDP: Measuring Total Production and Income

GDP: Measuring Total Production and Income Chapter 7 (19) GDP: Measuring Total Production and Income Chapter Summary While microeconomics is the study of how households and firms make choices, how they interact in markets, and how the government

More information

HAS BRAZIL REALLY TAKEN OFF? BRAZIL LONG-RUN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND CONVERGENCE

HAS BRAZIL REALLY TAKEN OFF? BRAZIL LONG-RUN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND CONVERGENCE HAS BRAZIL REALLY TAKEN OFF? BRAZIL LONG-RUN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND CONVERGENCE COUNTRY PROFILE: A COUNTRY IN TRANSFORMATION POLICY RECOMENDATIONS COUNTRY PROFILE Brazilian Equivalent Population in The World

More information

11.1 Estimating Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Objectives

11.1 Estimating Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Objectives 11.1 Estimating Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Objectives Describe what the gross domestic product measures. Learn two ways to calculate the gross domestic product, and explain why they are equivalent. 11.1

More information

Chapter 25 Production and Growth

Chapter 25 Production and Growth Chapter 25 Production and Growth TRUE/FALSE 1. If per capita real income grows by 2 percent per year, then it will double in approximately 20 years. ANS: F DIF: 1 REF: 25-0 2. Over the period 1870-2006,

More information

CHAPTER 5: MEASURING GDP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

CHAPTER 5: MEASURING GDP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH CHAPTER 5: MEASURING GDP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH Learning Goals for this Chapter: To know what we mean by GDP and to use the circular flow model to explain why GDP equals aggregate expenditure and aggregate

More information

Cosumnes River College Principles of Macroeconomics Problem Set 3 Due September 17, 2015

Cosumnes River College Principles of Macroeconomics Problem Set 3 Due September 17, 2015 Cosumnes River College Principles of Macroeconomics Problem Set 3 Due September 17, 2015 Name: Solutions Fall 2015 Prof. Dowell Instructions: Write the answers clearly and concisely on these sheets in

More information

Chapter 8. GDP : Measuring Total Production and Income

Chapter 8. GDP : Measuring Total Production and Income Chapter 8. GDP : Measuring Total Production and Income Instructor: JINKOOK LEE Department of Economics / Texas A&M University ECON 203 502 Principles of Macroeconomics Related Economic Terms Macroeconomics:

More information

Unit 4: Measuring GDP and Prices

Unit 4: Measuring GDP and Prices Unit 4: Measuring GDP and Prices ECO 120 Global Macroeconomics 1 1.1 Reading Reading Module 10 - pages 106-110 Module 11 1.2 Goals Goals Specific Goals: Understand how to measure a country s output. Learn

More information

Nominal, Real and PPP GDP

Nominal, Real and PPP GDP Nominal, Real and PPP GDP It is crucial in economics to distinguish nominal and real values. This is also the case for GDP. While nominal GDP is easier to understand, real GDP is more important and used

More information

Introduction to Macroeconomics

Introduction to Macroeconomics Introduction to Macroeconomics Macroeconomics the study of the economy as a whole We measure performance to track the development of the economy Why Measure Performance Helps the government develop tax

More information

GDP: Does It Measure Up? May 2013. Classroom Edition. An informative and accessible economic essay with a classroom application.

GDP: Does It Measure Up? May 2013. Classroom Edition. An informative and accessible economic essay with a classroom application. PAGE ONE Economics the back story on front page economics NEWSLETTER GDP: Does It Measure Up? May 2013 Classroom Edition An informative and accessible economic essay with a classroom application. Includes

More information

Macroeconomia Capitolo 7. Seguire l andamento della macroeconomia. What you will learn in this chapter:

Macroeconomia Capitolo 7. Seguire l andamento della macroeconomia. What you will learn in this chapter: Macroeconomia Capitolo 7 Seguire l andamento della macroeconomia PowerPoint Slides by Can Erbil 2006 Worth Publishers, all rights reserved What you will learn in this chapter: How economists use aggregate

More information

The Data of Macroeconomics

The Data of Macroeconomics CHAPTER 2 The Data of Macroeconomics Modified for ECON 2204 by Bob Murphy 2016 Worth Publishers, all rights reserved IN THIS CHAPTER, YOU WILL LEARN:... the meaning and measurement of the most important

More information

ECONOMIC GROWTH* Chapter. Key Concepts

ECONOMIC GROWTH* Chapter. Key Concepts Chapter 5 MEASURING GDP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH* Key Concepts Gross Domestic Product Gross domestic product, GDP, is the market value of all the final goods and services produced within in a country in a given

More information

Chap 11 & 12. Measuring the Cost of Living THE CONSUMER PRICE INDEX

Chap 11 & 12. Measuring the Cost of Living THE CONSUMER PRICE INDEX Chap 11 & 12 Chap 10: Measuring a Nation s Income: GDP, Nominal GDP, Real GDP, and GDP Deflator Next topic: Chap 11: Measuring the Cost of Living: CPI GDP from an whole economy point of view CPI from a

More information

Lecture 3: National Income Accounting Reference - Chapter 5. 3) The Income Approach

Lecture 3: National Income Accounting Reference - Chapter 5. 3) The Income Approach Lecture 3: National Income Accounting Reference - Chapter 5 3) The Income Approach The income approach defines GDP in terms of the income derived or created from producing final goods and services. Net

More information

Econ 102 Measuring National Income and Prices Solutions

Econ 102 Measuring National Income and Prices Solutions Econ 102 Measuring National Income and Prices Solutions 1. Measurement of National Income and Decomposing GDP This question is designed to see if you understand how Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is measured.

More information

The Case for Emerging Markets

The Case for Emerging Markets The Case for Emerging Markets In Breakout Nations, Richard Sharma writes The old rule of forecasting was to make as many forecasts as possible and publicize the ones you got right. The new rule is to forecast

More information

Real vs. Nominal GDP Practice

Real vs. Nominal GDP Practice Name: Real vs. Nominal GDP Practice Period: Real verse Nominal Values Prices in an economy do not stay the same. Over time the price level changes (i.e., there is inflation or deflation). A change in the

More information

Measuring GDP and Economic Growth

Measuring GDP and Economic Growth 20 Measuring GDP and Economic Growth After studying this chapter you will be able to Define GDP and explain why GDP equals aggregate expenditure and aggregate income Explain how Statistics Canada measures

More information

Macroeconomics: GDP, GDP Deflator, CPI, & Inflation

Macroeconomics: GDP, GDP Deflator, CPI, & Inflation HOSP 2207 (Economics) Learning Centre Macroeconomics: GDP, GDP Deflator, CPI, & Inflation Macroeconomics is the big picture view of an economy. Microeconomics looks at the market for a specific good, like

More information

I. Measuring Output: GDP

I. Measuring Output: GDP University of California-Davis Economics 1B-Intro to Macro Handout 3 TA: Jason Lee Email: jawlee@ucdavis.edu I. Measuring Output: GDP As was mentioned earlier, the ability to estimate the amount of production

More information

Comparative tables. CPSS Red Book statistical update 427

Comparative tables. CPSS Red Book statistical update 427 CPSS Red Book statistical update 427 January 2013 Table 1 Basic statistical data GDP (USD billions) 1 Population (millions, yearly average) Australia 952 1,050 999 1,246 1,500 21.1 21.4 21.8 22.1 22.4

More information

Global Investing 2013 Morningstar. All Rights Reserved. 3/1/2013

Global Investing 2013 Morningstar. All Rights Reserved. 3/1/2013 Global Investing 2013 Morningstar. All Rights Reserved. 3/1/2013 World Stock Market Capitalization Year-end 2012 18.5% 9.6% United States International: Other Europe United Kingdom Japan Other Pacific

More information

Measuring the Wealth of Nations

Measuring the Wealth of Nations Measuring the Wealth of Nations Chapter 24 LEARNING OBJECTIVES LO 24.1 LO 24.2 LO 24.3 LO 24.4 LO 24.5 LO 24.6 Justify the importance of using the market value of final goods and services to calculate

More information

Interdependence. Interdependence. Production Possibilities in the U.S. Our Example. Interdependence and the Gains from Trade

Interdependence. Interdependence. Production Possibilities in the U.S. Our Example. Interdependence and the Gains from Trade 3 Interdependence and the Gains from Trade P R I N C I P L E S O F ECONOMICS F O U R T H E D I T I O N N. G R E G O R Y M A N K I W Premium PowerPoint Slides by Ron Cronovich 28 update Modified by Joseph

More information

Chapter 5: GDP and Economic Growth

Chapter 5: GDP and Economic Growth Chapter 5: GDP and Economic Growth Be Mean Green! Please consider the environment before printing this Chapter Outline. It ll be available online throughout the semester. For Firms private accounting measures

More information

Energy and Economics

Energy and Economics Energy and Economics Willem van Groenendaal Tilburg University Tilburg School of Economics and Management (TiSEM) w.j.h.vgroenendaal@tilburguniversity.nl 1 Can energy use be limited by change in economic

More information

Ghana South Korea United States. Real GDP per capita (2005 dollars) Per centage of 1960 real GDP per capita. 2009 real GDP per capita

Ghana South Korea United States. Real GDP per capita (2005 dollars) Per centage of 1960 real GDP per capita. 2009 real GDP per capita Long-Run Economic Growth chapter: 24 9 ECONOMICS MACROECONOMICS 1. The accompanying table shows data from the Penn World Table, Version 7.0, for real GDP in 2005 U.S. dollars for Argentina, Ghana, South

More information

Going for the Gold in the Cidade Maravilhosa: Who Will Win the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro?

Going for the Gold in the Cidade Maravilhosa: Who Will Win the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro? Going for the Gold in the Cidade Maravilhosa: Who Will Win the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro? by Camila F. Gonzales 1 Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth July, 2016 1 camila.falleiros.gonzales.tu16@tuck.dartmouth.edu

More information

Gross Domestic Product, the Business Cycle, and the Fed s goals for the Macroeconomy SMART Lesson

Gross Domestic Product, the Business Cycle, and the Fed s goals for the Macroeconomy SMART Lesson Lesson by Julie Kornegay, Senior Economic and Financial Education Specialist, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Birmingham Branch Lesson description In this lesson, students explore gross domestic product

More information

ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS

ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS 7-1 In what ways are national income statistics useful? National income accounting does for the economy as a whole what private accounting does for businesses. Firms

More information

Practice Problems on NIPA and Key Prices

Practice Problems on NIPA and Key Prices Practice Problems on NIPA and Key Prices 1- What are the three approaches to measuring economic activity? Why do they give the same answer? The three approaches to national income accounting are the product

More information

World Consumer Income and Expenditure Patterns

World Consumer Income and Expenditure Patterns World Consumer Income and Expenditure Patterns 2014 14th edi tion Euromonitor International Ltd. 60-61 Britton Street, EC1M 5UX TableTypeID: 30010; ITtableID: 22914 Income Algeria Income Algeria Income

More information

Using Policy to Stabilize the Economy

Using Policy to Stabilize the Economy Using Policy to Stabilize the Economy Since the Employment ct of 1946, economic stabilization has been a goal of U.S. policy. Economists debate how active a role the govt should take to stabilize the economy.

More information

An Economist s View of Global Trade Flows

An Economist s View of Global Trade Flows Dr. Rebecca Harding CEO rh@equant-analytics.com Dr. Rebecca Harding CEO rh@equant- analytics.com An Economist s View of Global Trade Flows TXF, Trade and Treasury, Frankfurt, 12-13 November 2015 Trade

More information

Internet, Smartphone & Social Media Usage Statistics

Internet, Smartphone & Social Media Usage Statistics Internet, Smartphone & Social Media Usage Statistics Presented by: RapidValue Solutions Date: 1 st December 2014 RapidValue Solutions Internet Demographics RapidValue Solutions 2 Number of Internet Users

More information

This is a licensed product of Ken Research and should not be copied

This is a licensed product of Ken Research and should not be copied 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Asia-Pacific Insurance Industry 1.1. Industry Introduction 1.2. Asia-Pacific Insurance Market Size by Direct Written Premium, 2005-2012P 1.3. Asia-Pacific Insurance Market Segmentation

More information

The Global Economic Impacts of Oil Price Shocks

The Global Economic Impacts of Oil Price Shocks The Global Economic Impacts of Oil Price Shocks Presented to: Project LINK, United Nations New York, NY November 22, 2004 Presented by: Sara Johnson Managing Director, Global Macroeconomics Group 781-301-9115

More information

MEASURING A NATION S INCOME IN THIS CHAPTER YOU WILL...

MEASURING A NATION S INCOME IN THIS CHAPTER YOU WILL... IN THIS CHAPTER YOU WILL... Consider why an economy s total income equals its total expenditure Learn how gross domestic product (GDP) is defined and calculated MEASURING A NATION S INCOME See the breakdown

More information

Fiscal Policy: Structural/Cyclical. Size of government Questions And Business Cycle Smoothing Issues

Fiscal Policy: Structural/Cyclical. Size of government Questions And Business Cycle Smoothing Issues Fiscal Policy: Structural/Cyclical Size of government Questions And Business Cycle Smoothing Issues When is government a preferred provider of goods? What is a PURE PUBLIC GOOD? My consumption of the good

More information

Politics, Surpluses, Deficits, and Debt

Politics, Surpluses, Deficits, and Debt Defining Surpluses and Debt Politics, Surpluses,, and Debt Chapter 11 A surplus is an excess of revenues over payments. A deficit is a shortfall of revenues relative to payments. 2 Introduction After having

More information

Macroeconomics 2301 Potential questions and study guide for exam 2. Any 6 of these questions could be on your exam!

Macroeconomics 2301 Potential questions and study guide for exam 2. Any 6 of these questions could be on your exam! Macroeconomics 2301 Potential questions and study guide for exam 2 Any 6 of these questions could be on your exam! 1. GDP is a key concept in Macroeconomics. a. What is the definition of GDP? b. List and

More information

This year s report presents results

This year s report presents results Doing Business 2015 Going Beyond Efficiency Distance to frontier and ease of doing business ranking This year s report presents results for 2 aggregate measures: the distance to frontier score and the

More information

Economics 212 Principles of Macroeconomics Study Guide. David L. Kelly

Economics 212 Principles of Macroeconomics Study Guide. David L. Kelly Economics 212 Principles of Macroeconomics Study Guide David L. Kelly Department of Economics University of Miami Box 248126 Coral Gables, FL 33134 dkelly@miami.edu First Version: Spring, 2006 Current

More information

Tracking the Macroeconomy

Tracking the Macroeconomy chapter 7(23) Tracking the Macroeconomy Chapter Objectives Students will learn in this chapter: How economists use aggregate measures to track the performance of the economy. What gross domestic product,

More information

International Education in the Comox Valley: Current and Potential Economic Impacts

International Education in the Comox Valley: Current and Potential Economic Impacts International Education in the Comox Valley: Current and Potential Economic Impacts FINAL REPORT March 2012 Prepared by: Vann Struth Consulting Group Inc. Vancouver, BC www.vannstruth.com Prepared for:

More information

1 Multiple Choice - 50 Points

1 Multiple Choice - 50 Points Econ 201 Final Winter 2008 SOLUTIONS 1 Multiple Choice - 50 Points (In this section each question is worth 1 point) 1. Suppose a waiter deposits his cash tips into his savings account. As a result of only

More information

Chapter 15: Spending, Income and GDP

Chapter 15: Spending, Income and GDP Chapter 15: Spending, Income and GDP By the end of this chapter, you will be able to: Define GDP Calculate GDP by: adding up value added of production. adding up expenditure. adding up income. Distinguish

More information

Long-term macroeconomic forecasts Key trends to 2050

Long-term macroeconomic forecasts Key trends to 2050 A special report from The Economist Intelligence Unit www.eiu.com Contents Overview 2 Top ten economies in 5 at market exchange rates 3 The rise of Asia continues 4 Global dominance of the top three economies

More information

Problem Set for Chapter 10(Multiple choices)

Problem Set for Chapter 10(Multiple choices) Problem Set for Chapter 10(Multiple choices) 1. Because every transaction has a buyer and a seller, a. GDP is more closely associated with an economy s income than it is with an economy s expenditure.

More information

14.02 Principles of Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 *Solution* Fall 2004

14.02 Principles of Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 *Solution* Fall 2004 4.02 Principles of Macroeconomics Problem Set *Solution* Fall 2004 Part I. True/False/Uncertain Justify your answer with a short argument.. From 960 to 2000, the US, EU, and Japan all have experienced

More information

Chapter 1 Lecture Notes: Economics for MBAs and Masters of Finance

Chapter 1 Lecture Notes: Economics for MBAs and Masters of Finance Chapter 1 Lecture Notes: Economics for MBAs and Masters of Finance Morris A. Davis Cambridge University Press stands for Gross Domestic Product. Nominal is the dollar value of all goods and services that

More information

Reference: Gregory Mankiw s Principles of Macroeconomics, 2 nd edition, Chapters 10 and 11. Gross Domestic Product

Reference: Gregory Mankiw s Principles of Macroeconomics, 2 nd edition, Chapters 10 and 11. Gross Domestic Product Macroeconomics Topic 1: Define and calculate GDP. Understand the difference between real and nominal variables (e.g., GDP, wages, interest rates) and know how to construct a price index. Reference: Gregory

More information

International Transfer Credits 101. Peggy Bell Hendrickson Transcript Research peggy@transcriptresearch.com

International Transfer Credits 101. Peggy Bell Hendrickson Transcript Research peggy@transcriptresearch.com International Transfer Credits 101 Peggy Bell Hendrickson Transcript Research peggy@transcriptresearch.com 1 Overview Educational Systems Credits and US Credit Hours 4 Types of Credit Systems Hands-On!

More information

The New Delhi Commitment: Delivering Inclusive, Relevant Quality Education for All. New Delhi, India 8th 10th November 2012

The New Delhi Commitment: Delivering Inclusive, Relevant Quality Education for All. New Delhi, India 8th 10th November 2012 ED/EFA/2012/ME/1 Original : English The New Delhi Commitment: Delivering Inclusive, Relevant Quality Education for All New Delhi, India 8th 10th November 2012 Ninth E-9 Ministerial Review Meeting: Inclusive,

More information

Only by high growth rates sustained for long periods of time.

Only by high growth rates sustained for long periods of time. Chapter 1 IntroductionandGrowthFacts 1.1 Introduction In 2000, GDP per capita in the United States was $32500 (valued at 1995 $ prices). This high income level reflects a high standard of living. In contrast,

More information

Composition of Premium in Life and Non-life Insurance Segments

Composition of Premium in Life and Non-life Insurance Segments 2012 2nd International Conference on Computer and Software Modeling (ICCSM 2012) IPCSIT vol. 54 (2012) (2012) IACSIT Press, Singapore DOI: 10.7763/IPCSIT.2012.V54.16 Composition of Premium in Life and

More information

Lesson 3 - National Income Accounting

Lesson 3 - National Income Accounting Lesson 3 - National Income Accounting Acknowledgement: Ed Sexton and Kerry Webb were the primary authors of the material contained in this lesson. Section 1 - National Income Accounting History of National

More information

The collaborative future: reshaping for consumer relevance and engagement

The collaborative future: reshaping for consumer relevance and engagement www.pwc.com/pt The collaborative future: reshaping for consumer relevance and engagement Lisbon, 30 September 2011 Global entertainment & media outlook Marcel Fenez Global Leader, Entertainment & Media

More information

GDP Measuring Output and Income Part II. Alternative Measures Real World Approximations. Reading: RJB for lecture 5

GDP Measuring Output and Income Part II. Alternative Measures Real World Approximations. Reading: RJB for lecture 5 GDP Measuring Output and Income Part II Alternative Measures Real World Approximations Reading: RJB for lecture 5 GDP: Statistical Approximations The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) provides both annual

More information

2052 - A Global Forecast

2052 - A Global Forecast 252 - A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years Jorgen Randers Professor Center for Climate Strategy Norwegian Business School BI J Randers 1 Pioneers of Energy Transition - Conference Vienna, Austria

More information

Overview of Asian Insurance Markets

Overview of Asian Insurance Markets Overview of Asian Insurance Markets Simon Walpole Session Number: TPS2 Joint IACA, IAAHS and PBSS Colloquium in Hong Kong www.actuaries.org/hongkong2012/ Market Ranking in Asia Notes: 1. Colored boxes

More information

Empowering the third billion Women and the world of work in 2012

Empowering the third billion Women and the world of work in 2012 Empowering the third billion Women and the world of work in 2012 Contacts About the authors San Francisco DeAnne Aguirre Senior Partner +1-415-627-3330 deanne.aguirre @strategyand.pwc.com Stuttgart Christine

More information

Data Practice with FRED Measures of Inflation Objectives

Data Practice with FRED Measures of Inflation Objectives Data Practice with FRED Measures of Inflation Objectives In this FRED data practice, you will learn: About different ways to measure inflation (CPI, (steps 4-14), GDP deflator (step 15) Different ways

More information

THE ECONOMIC OUTLOOK DEPUTY GOVERNOR JON NICOLAISEN KRISTIANSAND, 3 OCTOBER 2014

THE ECONOMIC OUTLOOK DEPUTY GOVERNOR JON NICOLAISEN KRISTIANSAND, 3 OCTOBER 2014 THE ECONOMIC OUTLOOK DEPUTY GOVERNOR JON NICOLAISEN KRISTIANSAND, OCTOBER Norges Bank is the central bank of Norway «It devolves upon the Storting to supervise the monetary affairs of the Realm» The Constitution

More information

I. World trade developments

I. World trade developments I. World trade developments World merchandise exports grew by 2 per cent in value terms in 2013 while exports of commercial services increased by per cent. Key developments in 2013: a snapshot Trade data

More information

Correlation. Barrow, Statistics for Economics, Accounting and Business Studies, 4 th edition Pearson Education Limited 2006

Correlation. Barrow, Statistics for Economics, Accounting and Business Studies, 4 th edition Pearson Education Limited 2006 Correlation Lecture 5 Correlation Correlation examines the relationships between pairs of variables, for example between the price of doughnuts and the demand for them between economicgrowth and life expectancy

More information

Real Vs. Nominal GDP, Per Capita GDP, & the shortcoming of GDP

Real Vs. Nominal GDP, Per Capita GDP, & the shortcoming of GDP Real Vs. Nominal, Per Capita, & the shortcoming of Comparing Across Time can grow due to: 1) Economy producing more 2) Prices having risen Calculating and Real in a Simple Economy 1 Nominal nominal, is

More information

Economics 152 Solution to Sample Midterm 2

Economics 152 Solution to Sample Midterm 2 Economics 152 Solution to Sample Midterm 2 N. Das PART 1 (84 POINTS): Answer the following 28 multiple choice questions on the scan sheet. Each question is worth 3 points. 1. If Congress passes legislation

More information

Answers. Event: a tax cut 1. affects C, AD curve 2. shifts AD right 3. SR eq m at point B. P and Y higher, unemp lower 4.

Answers. Event: a tax cut 1. affects C, AD curve 2. shifts AD right 3. SR eq m at point B. P and Y higher, unemp lower 4. A C T I V E L E A R N I N G 2: Answers Event: a tax cut 1. affects C, AD curve 2. shifts AD right 3. SR eq m at point B. P and Y higher, unemp lower 4. Over time, P E rises, SRAS shifts left, until LR

More information

Market Briefing: S&P 500 Revenues & the Economy

Market Briefing: S&P 500 Revenues & the Economy Market Briefing: S&P Revenues & the Economy December 14, 2 Dr. Edward Yardeni 16-972-7683 eyardeni@ Joe Abbott 732-497-36 jabbott@ Mali Quintana 48-664-1333 aquintana@ Please visit our sites at www. blog.

More information

AN ILO NOTE TO THE G20 TASK FORCE ON EMPLOYMENT 1 SEPTEMBER 2012

AN ILO NOTE TO THE G20 TASK FORCE ON EMPLOYMENT 1 SEPTEMBER 2012 AN ILO NOTE TO THE G20 TASK FORCE ON EMPLOYMENT 1 SEPTEMBER 2012 This note reviews the latest available data on youth employment in G20 countries. It then makes a number of suggestions as to issues the

More information

Quality Matters: Observations from Early Childhood Programs in Low Resource Environments in Asia

Quality Matters: Observations from Early Childhood Programs in Low Resource Environments in Asia Commission 3.2 The Quest for Quality Quality Matters: Observations from Early Childhood Programs in Low Resource Environments in Asia Professor Nirmala Rao World Conference on Early Childhood Care and

More information

Chapter 2 The Measurement and Structure of the National Economy

Chapter 2 The Measurement and Structure of the National Economy Chapter 2 The Measurement and Structure of the National Economy Multiple Choice Questions 1. The three approaches to measuring economic activity are the (a) cost, income, and expenditure approaches. (b)

More information

Long run v.s. short run. Introduction. Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply. In this chapter, look for the answers to these questions:

Long run v.s. short run. Introduction. Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply. In this chapter, look for the answers to these questions: 33 Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply R I N C I L E S O F ECONOMICS FOURTH EDITION N. GREGOR MANKIW Long run v.s. short run Long run growth: what determines long-run output (and the related employment

More information

14.02 Principles of Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 Fall 2005 ***Solution***

14.02 Principles of Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 Fall 2005 ***Solution*** Part I. True/False/Uncertain Justify your answer with a short argument. 14.02 Principles of Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 Fall 2005 ***Solution*** Posted: Monday, September 12, 2005 Due: Wednesday, September

More information

Purchasing Managers Index (PMI ) series are monthly economic surveys of carefully selected companies compiled by Markit.

Purchasing Managers Index (PMI ) series are monthly economic surveys of carefully selected companies compiled by Markit. PMI Purchasing Managers Index (PMI ) series are monthly economic surveys of carefully selected companies compiled by Markit. They provide an advance signal of what is really happening in the private sector

More information

Name: Date: 3. Variables that a model tries to explain are called: A. endogenous. B. exogenous. C. market clearing. D. fixed.

Name: Date: 3. Variables that a model tries to explain are called: A. endogenous. B. exogenous. C. market clearing. D. fixed. Name: Date: 1 A measure of how fast prices are rising is called the: A growth rate of real GDP B inflation rate C unemployment rate D market-clearing rate 2 Compared with a recession, real GDP during a

More information

The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture

The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture In a series of papers in 1970-74, Paul Ehrlich and John Holdren proposed the following equation to estimate the overall impact of our

More information

The Global Cybersecurity Market 2013-2023 - Country Analysis: Market Profile

The Global Cybersecurity Market 2013-2023 - Country Analysis: Market Profile Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2629334/ The Global Cybersecurity Market 2013-2023 - Country Analysis: Market Profile Description: Synopsis This report offers detailed

More information

Quantitative significance of growth Inequality and poverty. Sources of growth Global imbalance Tensions and risks

Quantitative significance of growth Inequality and poverty. Sources of growth Global imbalance Tensions and risks The Role of Growth in Development by Danny Quah Economics Department, LSE Wednesday 13 February 28 Overseas Development Institute, London Conclusions Quantitative significance of growth Inequality and

More information

I. World trade developments

I. World trade developments I. World trade developments World merchandise exports stagnated in value terms in 2012 while exports of commercial services increased by 2 per cent. Key developments in 2012: a snapshot Trade data List

More information

2012 Country RepTrak Topline Report

2012 Country RepTrak Topline Report 2012 Country RepTrak Topline Report The World s View on Countries: An Online Study of the Reputation of 50 Countries RepTrak is a registered trademark of Reputation Institute. Global Reputation Knowledge

More information

STATISTICS FOR THE FURNITURE INDUSTRY AND TRADE

STATISTICS FOR THE FURNITURE INDUSTRY AND TRADE STATISTICS FOR THE FURNITURE INDUSTRY AND TRADE Möbel Zahlen Daten STATISTICS FOR THE FURNITURE INDUSTRY AND TRADE 01/36 Economical growth in the regions of the world-economy Changes of the gross domestic

More information

2052 A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years

2052 A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years 252 A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years Jorgen Randers Professor Center for Climate Strategy Norwegian Business School BI J Randers 1 European Investment Bank Luxembourg, November 2, 213 12 scenarios

More information

International Monetary Policy Transmission Előd Takáts and Abraham Vela Bank for International Settlements. BIS Papers No 78. Carl Musozya.

International Monetary Policy Transmission Előd Takáts and Abraham Vela Bank for International Settlements. BIS Papers No 78. Carl Musozya. International Monetary Policy Transmission Előd Takáts and Abraham Vela Bank for International Settlements. BIS Papers No 78 Carl Musozya. Introduction. Effects of advanced economy monetary policy on the

More information

HW 2 Macroeconomics 102 Due on 06/12

HW 2 Macroeconomics 102 Due on 06/12 HW 2 Macroeconomics 102 Due on 06/12 1.What are the three important macroeconomic goals about which most economists, and society at large, agree? a. economic growth, full employment, and low interest rates

More information