THE RENEISSANCE IN FINNISH INDUSTRIALIZED TIMBER CONSTRUCTION METHODS

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1 Mikko Viljakainen (Arch, Lis. Tech) Managing director, Finnish Wood Council 2015 Wood Symposium, Vancouver THE RENEISSANCE IN FINNISH INDUSTRIALIZED TIMBER CONSTRUCTION METHODS Mikko Viljakainen

2 Europe can be divided into three geographical markets Differences in company structures and customer demand Finland 2014 Population Total solution New residential construction < Block of flats ~ Engineered and erected Product with added features Mikko Viljakainen

3 Challenges Strict regulations Urban focus Low tech image and no R&D Labour intensive on site Lack of skilled labour Low productivity Product polarisation Low prefabrication Production orientation Poor quality 2/3/2015 Mikko Viljakainen High costs and prices Environmental footprint

4 Need for a change provides opportunities! Mikko Viljakainen

5 The biggest potential for wood is where the decisions are made professionally and where the buildings are big Puun Market osuus share of runkorakenteissa wood in frames % Puun Market osuus share of ulkoverhouksissa wood in facades % Markkinoiden Total potential kokonaisvolyymi (1000m3) (1000 m3) Source: Tilastokeskus, Rakentamisen tilastot. VTT

6 The growth of Finnish forests is over 100 mill. m3 per year FOREST BALANCE IN FINLAND mill. m Annual increment Total drain Industrial roundwood Source: Metla

7 2009 Internationally competitive wood construction industry 1 Internationally relevant reference buildings 2 Most advanced building regulations 3 Top competence and know how 4 Proprietary solutions for new construction and renovations

8 B-s2, d0 D-s2, d0 Block of flats up to 8 floors P2 fire class maximum 8 storeys with REI 60 structures Sprinkler system is required K 2 10 (4 floors) or K 2 30 (5-8) fire protected structures A-class insulation materials Special requirements for eaves, wooden facades (flame traps), emergency exits, balconies Mikko Viljakainen

9 B-s2, d0 D-s2, d0 Town houses up to 4 floors P2 fire class maximum 4 floors with REI 60 structures Fire protections of the structures K 2 30 A-class insulation materials No sprinkler system requirement Mikko Viljakainen

10 Technical challenges are solved!

11 Mikko Viljakainen

12 Mikko Viljakainen

13 Calculation tools Mikko Viljakainen

14 Instructions and data sheets Mikko Viljakainen

15 The new industrial building methods Hybrid technology Post and beam Volumetric Mikko Viljakainen

16 Hybrid technology Mikko Viljakainen

17 Mikko Viljakainen

18 Mikko Viljakainen

19 Mikko Viljakainen

20 Mikko Viljakainen

21 Mikko Viljakainen

22 Mikko Viljakainen

23 Photos: Tiia Sorsa, Reponen Oy

24 Photos: Tiia Sorsa, Reponen Oy

25 Mikko Viljakainen Photos: Tiia Sorsa, Reponen Oy

26 Mikko Viljakainen Photos: Tiia Sorsa, Reponen Oy

27 Mikko Viljakainen

28 Photos: Tiia Sorsa, Reponen Oy

29 Kuva: Rakennusliike Reponen

30 Photos: Tiia Sorsa, Reponen Oy

31 Photos: Tiia Sorsa, Reponen Oy

32 Photos: Tiia Sorsa, Reponen Oy

33 Sweco

34 RKL Reponen

35 Mikko Viljakainen

36 Post and beam technology Mikko Viljakainen Photos: Metsä Wood

37 Mikko Viljakainen Photos: Metsä Wood

38 Photos: Metsä Wood

39 Photos: Metsä Wood Mikko Viljakainen

40 Photos: Metsä Wood Mikko Viljakainen

41 Photos: Metsä Wood

42 Photos: Metsä Wood

43 Mikko Viljakainen

44 Mikko Viljakainen Photos: Metsä Wood

45 Volumetric elements Mikko Viljakainen Photos: Stora Enso

46 Photos: Stora Enso

47 Photos: Stora Enso

48 Photos: Stora Enso Mikko Viljakainen

49 Mikko Viljakainen Photos: Stora Enso

50 Photos: Stora Enso Mikko Viljakainen

51 Photos: Stora Enso

52 Photos: Stora Enso

53 Mikko Viljakainen Photos: Stora Enso

54 Photos: Stora Enso

55 Photos: OOPEAA and Stora Enso

56 Mikko Viljakainen

57 Photos: OOPEAA and Stora Enso

58 Photos: OOPEAA and Stora Enso

59 Mikko Viljakainen

60 Mikko Viljakainen

61 Photos: Stora Enso Mikko Viljakainen

62 Photos: Stora Enso

63 RunkoPES Open Industrial standard Mikko Viljakainen

64 One way to design several to construct Mikko Viljakainen

65 Clear benefits: Shorter construction time saves money! Mikko Viljakainen

66 Traditional construction process Traditional construction months Design Manufacturing structural components Foundations 1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor 5th floor 6th floor Roof HVAC Int. and ext. finishes Landscape

67 Construction process under a tent Wood panels under tent 5 7 months Design Manufacturing structural components Foundations 1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor 5th floor 6th floor Roof HVAC Int. and ext. finishes Landscape

68 Process of the modular construction Modular construction 3 6 months Design Manufacturing volumetric components Structures HVAC Int. and ext. finishes Foundations Roof 1st 6th floor HVAC connections Int. and ext. finishes Landscape

69 Traditional construction months Design Manufacturing structural components Foundations 1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor Modular construction Design 5th floor 6th floor Roof 3 6 months HVAC Int. and ext. finishes Landscape Manufacturing volumetric components Structures HVAC Int. and ext. finishes Foundations Roof 1st 6th floor HVAC connections Int. and ext. finishes Landscape

70 Construction speed Traditional construction Modular construction

71 Builder's perspective 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% Profit Company overhead costs Extra site costs (tent) Extra fire safety costs Labour costs Material costs Project overhead costs 10% 0% Traditional Wood modular ideally Wood modular in reality The allowed maximum costs of subsidized residential construction Outside Helsinki region /m2 Helsinki region /m2

72 Investor s perspective Traditional construction Design Manufacturing structural components Foundations 1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor 5th floor 6th floor Roof Modular construction Design HVAC Int. and ext. finishes Landscape Manufacturing volumetric components Structures HVAC Int. and ext. finishes Foundations Roof 1st 6th floor HVAC connections Int. and ext. finishes Landscape

73 Investor s perspective Traditional construction months Design Manufacturing structural components Foundations 1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor 5th floor 6th floor Roof Modular construction Design HVAC Int. and ext. finishes Landscape ROI Manufacturing volumetric components Structures HVAC Int. and ext. finishes Foundations Roof 1st 6th floor HVAC connections Int. and ext. finishes Landscape

74 Investor s perspective Traditional construction months Design Manufacturing structural components Foundations 1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor Modular construction Design 5th floor 6th floor Roof HVAC Int. and ext. finishes 1-2 months Landscape ROI Manufacturing volumetric components Structures HVAC Int. and ext. finishes Foundations Roof 1st 6th floor HVAC connections Int. and ext. finishes Landscape ROI = Return of investments

75 Added value! Mikko Viljakainen

76 Weather protection provides better quality and working conditions Titta Vuori, Moderlark

77 Customer opinion Vähintään Satisfaction tyytyväisiä rate % FWR/TTY survey 2011: 6 buildings from Flats 157 (24 % of all) 118 answers (75 %) Owners 58% Rentals 42%

78 6H 2 O + 6CO 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O Mikko Viljakainen

79 Concrete house Betonitalo Practical differences of footprint case Metla Raw materials (tn) Source: VTT TIEDOTTEITA 2342 Puutalo Wood house Concrete house Betonitalo Wood house Puutalo Energy consumption (GJ) C 2 O emissions (tn) Concrete house Betonitalo Wood house Puutalo Mikko Viljakainen

80 Concrete house Betonitalo Practical differences of footprint case Viikki Raw materials (tn) Source: VTT Rakennustekniikka Wood house Puutalo Concrete house Betonitalo Wood house Puutalo Concrete house Betonitalo Wood house Puutalo Energy consumption (GJ) C 2 O emissions (tn) Mikko Viljakainen

81 Summary of the 18 environmental comparisons CO 2 FOOTPRINT CAN BE CUT INTO HALF CO 2 comparisons of 18 different buildings Difference of the CO 2 footprint 120% 100% 80% 94% 60% 55% 40% 20% 0% 8% WOOD FRAME OTHER FRAME MATERIAL Source: Summary of the environmental comparisons, Kuittinen 2014

82 Potential according the town plans (m 2 ) = about 7000 flats during next yeas Flats Source: Ministry of employment and economy Wood Construction Program

83 More information: Mikko Viljakainen

84 Mikko Viljakainen

85 Mikko Viljakainen

86 Thank you!

87 Mikko Viljakainen

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