A Preliminary Report The May 19, 2011 Simav, Turkey Earthquake

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "A Preliminary Report The May 19, 2011 Simav, Turkey Earthquake"

Transcription

1 A Preliminary Report The May 19, 2011 Simav, Turkey Earthquake Ömer AYDAN Tokai University, Shizuoka, Japan Visiting Professor, İstanbul Technical University Halil KUMSAR Pamukkale University May 24, 2011

2 CONTENTS Major Characteristics Location and Geography Geology, Tectonics and Pre-post Seismicity Faulting Mechanism Strong Ground Motions Damage (building, geotechnical, lifelines, dams, transportation) Sources of Information

3 MAJOR CHARACERISTICS OF THE EARTHQUAKE Location: near Simav town of Kütahya Prefecture of Turkey Date: 23:15 (TST) on May 19, 2011 Magnitude: Mw ; Ms 6.0; ML Faulting Mechanism: Normal faulting with dextral strike slip component associated with West Anadolu Fault System Casulaties: 2 people as of May 21, 2011 Injured: 85 people Affected population: households heavily damaged or collapsed

4 Major towns and villages in the epicentral area Map from Google

5 Geology-Faults Modified from Oygür & Erler, 2000 (TJK, 43(1), 7-19)

6 Focal Mechanisms of Past Major Earthquakes

7 Pre-Regional Seismicity

8 Aftershock Activity Base map from EMSC

9 Focal Mechanism Normal faulting along north dipping fault. The fault belongs to Simav fault zone This fault is said to be normal fault with a dextral lateral component. The earthquake fault is a normal fault with a dextral lateral component. From EMSC

10 Fault Striation Measurement and Their Focal Mechanism sinistral dextral Two different fault striations on oblique normal faults were observed. One of them has a dextral lateral component while the other one has a sinistral component.

11 Gediz Strong Motions Emet From AFAD

12 Views of some of strong motion stations in the epicentral area Gediz Simav Complete record at Simav SMS could not be obtained due to power loss

13 ACCELERATION(gal) ACCELERATION(gal) Spectra of Selected Strong Motion Stations ACCELERATION(gal) ACCELERATION(gal) GEDIZ Simav-Kutahya (M ) EW (h=5%) EW NS UD EMET Simav-Kutahya (M ) EW (h=5%) EW NS UD NATURAL PERIOD(s) NATURAL PERIOD(s) DURSUNBEY Simav-Kutahya (M ) EW (h=5%) EW NS UD AKHISAR Simav-Kutahya (M ) EW (h=5%) EW NS UD NATURAL PERIOD(s) NATURAL PERIOD(s)

14 Permanent Ground Movements obtained from EPS method 100 mm Base map from Google

15 MAXIMUM GROUND ACCELERATION (gal) Amax & Vmax Attenuation MAXIMUM GROUND VELOCITY (kine) Simav Earthquake V s =259 m/s =0,180 =90 =270 Observation Aydan(2001)-soil Simav Earthquake M s =5.8 M w =5.8 M L = M s =5.8 M w =5.8 M L = HYPOCENTER DISTANCE (km) 2 1 V s =259 m/s =0,180 =90 =270 Observation HYPOCENTER DISTANCE (km)

16 Collapse of Simple Structures Gökçeler Gökçeler Simav Simav Yeşilova

17 Investigation Routes Base map from Google

18 Building Damage Mosques Monuments Hımış Building (Timber Frame with adobe infill walls) Stone Masonry Buildings Brick Masonry Buildings Reinforced Concrete Buildings Non-structural damage

19 Simav Mosque 1

20 Simav Mosque 2

21 Simav Mosque 3 Yeşilova Mosque

22 Karaderbent Mosque Damaged in 1970 Gediz Earthquake

23 Performance of some historical tombs and monuments

24 Damage to Hımış or masonry buildings Gökçeler Simav Karaderbent Karamanca

25 Simav - Downtown Complete collapse of ground floor due to soft floor problem

26 Koyuncuoğlu High School. Soft floor problem

27 Simav - Esenler Damage at lower floors due to cracking between frame and infill walls

28 Simav - Esenler Damage at lower floors due to cracking between frame and infill walls

29 Non-structural damage(window Glass Breakage)

30 Kanal-1 Bridge (near Eynal Spa) No damage except dislocation of embankment protection stone blocks

31 Non-damaged bridges Near Gökçeler Near Gökçeler Near Gökçeler

32 Damage to Lifelines Yeşilova Substation Pumping Stations Water pipes

33 Yeşilova Sub-station No major problem cm dislocation of transformers and perimetrical damage to infill walls

34 Drinking water facilities Yeşilova Karamanca Simav

35 Geotechnical Damage Liquefaction Embankment failure Retaining-wall failure Slope Failure and Rock Falls Performance of Earthfill Dam Performance of Eti Gümüş Tailing dams

36 Soil Liquefaction There is a at least a 8 m thick clay layer at top. The buildings on flat ground are founded over this clay layer. The site investigation clearly shows that there are some slight settlement of ground up-to 5 cm in the downtown of Simav. This may imply a partial liquefaction of soil layers below the top clay layer.furthermore, this top soft layer may amplify ground motions with peculiar frequencies. Simav Settlement Uplift

37 Embankment failure (Near Gökçeler)

38 Retaining-wall failure (near Gökçeler)

39 Near Söğüt Toppling Failure and Rock Falls Near Karamanca Near Karamanca Near Karamanca

40 Planar or wedge sliding failure Near Söğüt Near Karamanca Near Karamanca Near Karamanca Near Karamanca

41 Non-damaged earthfill dam near Gökçeler The earthfill dam was not damaged although it was 1 km away from the epicenter

42 Performance of Eti Gümüş Tailing dams Plan View Tailing dam between 2nd & 3rd ponds Tailing dams failed due to piping and overtopping the newly elevated part over the existing dam before the earthquake. The perimetrical dam has been strengthened now. The maximum ground acceleration at the dam site by this earthquake should be about 20 gals, which could not induce any damage to tailings dams. Open-pit mine

43 References Aydan, Ö., M. Sezaki, R. Yarar (1996). The seismic characteristics of Turkish Earthquakes. The 11th World Conf. on Earthquake Eng., CD-2, Paper No:1270. Aydan, Ö. and Ohta, Y. (2011a): A new proposal for strong ground motion estimations with the consideration of characteristics of earthquake fault. Seventh National Conference on Earthquake Engineering,, Istanbul, Turkey. Aydan, Ö. and Ohta, Y. (2011b):The erratic pattern screening (EPS) method for estimation of co-seismic defromation of ground from acceleration records and its applications.. Seventh National Conference on Earthquake Engineering,, Istanbul, Turkey. EMSC:http://www.emsc-csem.org/ ED:http://www.deprem.gov.tr/ Google Map:http://maps.google.com/

44 KOERI:http://www.koeri.boun.edu.tr/ Oygür, V. and Erler, A. (2000):Metallogeny of the Simav Grab en (Inner-Western Anatolia, Turkey). Geological Bulletin of Turkey Vol.43, No. 1, USGS:

45 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to thank Yavuz Erkmen, the Governor and İl Özel İdare of Denizli Province for logistic support and the participation of Recep Demirci of İl Afet and Acil Durum Director of Denizli Province and Erhan Ar of İl Özel Director of Kütahya Province and information on strong motions records and stations given by Turgay Kuru of Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency, Ankara.

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TRIGGERED 2011 VAN-EDREMİT EARTHQUAKE AND INDUCED DAMAGE

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TRIGGERED 2011 VAN-EDREMİT EARTHQUAKE AND INDUCED DAMAGE Proceedings of the International Symposium on Engineering Lessons Learned from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, March 1-4, 2012, Tokyo, Japan Dedicated to Dr. Atsushi Miyazaki and the people lost

More information

Preliminary damage survey report on 2015 Nepal Gorkha Earthquake

Preliminary damage survey report on 2015 Nepal Gorkha Earthquake Tokyo, 13 May 2015 Preliminary damage survey report on 2015 Nepal Gorkha Earthquake Pokhrel R.M., Chiaro G., Kiyota T., Katagiri T. Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, Japan Goda K. Bristol

More information

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT REPORT BOLINAS MARINE STATION - BOLINAS, CALIFORNIA

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT REPORT BOLINAS MARINE STATION - BOLINAS, CALIFORNIA STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT REPORT BOLINAS MARINE STATION - BOLINAS, CALIFORNIA College of Marin c/o Swinerton Management & Consulting P.O. Box 144003 835 College Avenue, Building MS-3 Kentfield, California

More information

Ground motion predictive modelling based on genetic algorithms

Ground motion predictive modelling based on genetic algorithms Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 2781 2789, 211 doi:1.5194/nhess-11-2781-211 Author(s) 211. CC Attribution 3. License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Ground motion predictive modelling based

More information

Building damage patterns in Kathmandu Valley due to 25th April Earthquake. Kiran Acharya

Building damage patterns in Kathmandu Valley due to 25th April Earthquake. Kiran Acharya Building damage patterns in Kathmandu Valley due to 25th April Earthquake Kiran Acharya (acharyakiranraj@gmail.com, kacharya@baseengr.com) This report presents the nature of the earthquake that struck

More information

Earthquakes: Interesting Facts and F.A.Q.

Earthquakes: Interesting Facts and F.A.Q. Earthquakes: Interesting Facts and F.A.Q. Earthquakes kill approximately 8,000 people each year and have caused an estimated 13 million deaths in the past 4,000 years. The moment magnitude scale (MMS)

More information

Chincha and Cañete, Peru, Based

Chincha and Cañete, Peru, Based Reconstruction of Ica, Pisco, Chincha and Cañete, Peru, Based on Updated Hazard Maps Julio Kuroiwa Professor emeritus National University of Engineering and UNDP Reconstruction Program/Sustainable Cities.

More information

ENGINEERING-BASED EARTHQUAKE RISK MANAGEMENT

ENGINEERING-BASED EARTHQUAKE RISK MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING-BASED EARTHQUAKE RISK MANAGEMENT MRP Engineering Newsletter February 2012 The world recently experienced several major earthquakes, which caused severe local impacts and major worldwide repercussions.

More information

Earthquake Resistant Design and Risk Reduction. 2nd Edition

Earthquake Resistant Design and Risk Reduction. 2nd Edition Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2171210/ Earthquake Resistant Design and Risk Reduction. 2nd Edition Description: Earthquake Resistant Design and Risk Reduction,

More information

Using Remotely Sensed Data From ASTER to Look Impact of Recent Earth Quakes in Gujarat, India.

Using Remotely Sensed Data From ASTER to Look Impact of Recent Earth Quakes in Gujarat, India. Using Remotely Sensed Data From ASTER to Look Impact of Recent Earth Quakes in Gujarat, India. A major earth quake occurred in Gujarat, India on January 26,2000. (Origin time 03:16 GMT, Location 23.399N

More information

GUIDELINES FOR EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT UNREINFORCED MASONRY HERITAGE STRUCTURES

GUIDELINES FOR EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT UNREINFORCED MASONRY HERITAGE STRUCTURES GUIDELINES FOR EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT UNREINFORCED MASONRY HERITAGE STRUCTURES GUIDELINES FOR EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT UNREINFORCED MASONRY HERITAGE STRUCTURES Type of material Age Reconstruction/Repair History

More information

Seismic Risk Prioritization of RC Public Buildings

Seismic Risk Prioritization of RC Public Buildings Seismic Risk Prioritization of RC Public Buildings In Turkey H. Sucuoğlu & A. Yakut Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey J. Kubin & A. Özmen Prota Inc, Ankara, Turkey SUMMARY Over the past

More information

Field reconnaissance on August 25 th, after August 24 th, 2016 Central Italy Earthquake

Field reconnaissance on August 25 th, after August 24 th, 2016 Central Italy Earthquake Field reconnaissance on August 25 th, after August 24 th, 2016 Central Italy Earthquake Gian Paolo Cimellaro Associate professor Politecnico di Torino Outline Seismic sequence; Main shock; Emergency Response;

More information

Earthquake and Tsunami Mitigation in Japan

Earthquake and Tsunami Mitigation in Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Mitigation in Japan Summary of observations from field investigations of the engineering effects of the Great Eastern Japan Earthquake Disaster Stephen Mahin, Ph.D. Director, Pacific

More information

Earthquake in Colima, Mexico AE 538 January 30, 2003

Earthquake in Colima, Mexico AE 538 January 30, 2003 Earthquake in Colima, Mexico AE 538 January 30, 2003 Seismology Aspects At 2:06:35 (UTC) on Wednesday, January 22, 2003, a major earthquake occurred near Colima, Mexico. This was the largest earthquake

More information

Presentations. Session 1. Slide 1. Earthquake Risk Reduction. 1- Concepts & Terminology

Presentations. Session 1. Slide 1. Earthquake Risk Reduction. 1- Concepts & Terminology Earthquake Risk Reduction Presentations Session 1 Slide 1 Earthquake Risk Reduction 1- Concepts & Terminology Welcome to the World Bank Institute s (WBI) Distance Learning (DL) course on Earthquake Risk

More information

Seismic Isolation Retrofitting of Japanese Wooden Buildings

Seismic Isolation Retrofitting of Japanese Wooden Buildings Seismic Isolation Retrofitting of Japanese Wooden Buildings Summary Junko Suga Building Design Department Takenaka Corporation, Osaka Main Office Osaka, Japan Hiroyuki Ueda Building Design Department Takenaka

More information

In this study analytical investigation of effect of retrofit application using carbon fiber (CFRP) on seismic behavior of a monumental building at

In this study analytical investigation of effect of retrofit application using carbon fiber (CFRP) on seismic behavior of a monumental building at EFFECT OF CFRP RETROFIT RETROFITTING TING APPLICATION ON SEISMIC BEHAVIOR OF HISTORIC MONUMENTAL BUI BUILD LDIING NGS S AT CAPPADOCIA REGI REGION OF TURKEY Baki OZTURK T. SENTURK and C. C. YILMAZ NIGDE

More information

RECONNAISSANCE REPORT ON STRUCTURAL AND GEOTECHNICAL ASPECTS OF DAMAGES IN A RECENT EARTHQUAKE IN JAPAN

RECONNAISSANCE REPORT ON STRUCTURAL AND GEOTECHNICAL ASPECTS OF DAMAGES IN A RECENT EARTHQUAKE IN JAPAN RECONNAISSANCE REPORT ON STRUCTURAL AND GEOTECHNICAL ASPECTS OF DAMAGES IN A RECENT EARTHQUAKE IN JAPAN H. Hazarika 1, K. Tokeshi 2, T. Hara 3, N. Sakai 4 and Y. Hosono 5 1 Associate Professor, Dept. of

More information

RAILROAD LIFELINE DAMAGE IN EARTHQUAKES

RAILROAD LIFELINE DAMAGE IN EARTHQUAKES 13 th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Vancouver, B.C., Canada August 1-6, 2004 Paper No. 324 RAILROAD LIFELINE DAMAGE IN EARTHQUAKES William G. Byers, P.E. 1 SUMMARY A number of earthquakes

More information

The Central US Earthquake Threat

The Central US Earthquake Threat The Central US Earthquake Threat Gregory L. Hempen, PhD, PE, RG Geophysicist (retired, St. Louis District, CoE) URS Corporation, St. Louis Office NM Earthquake Scenario Workshop, 20 APR 07 Earthquakes

More information

AFAD DEPREM DAİRESİ BAŞKANLIĞI TÜRKİYE KUVVETLİ YER HAREKETİ ve ÖN HASAR TAHMİN SİSTEMLERİ ÇALIŞMA GRUBU. (Rapid Estimation Damage)

AFAD DEPREM DAİRESİ BAŞKANLIĞI TÜRKİYE KUVVETLİ YER HAREKETİ ve ÖN HASAR TAHMİN SİSTEMLERİ ÇALIŞMA GRUBU. (Rapid Estimation Damage) (Rapid Estimation Damage) AFAD-RED SYSTEM The technological advances in seismic instrumentation and telecommunication permit the development of rapid estimation of earthquake losses in order to enhance

More information

Chapter. Earthquake Damage: Types, Process, Categories

Chapter. Earthquake Damage: Types, Process, Categories 3 Chapter Earthquake Damage: Types, Process, Categories Earthquakes leave behind a trail of damage and destruction. People s lives are affected by the loss of loved ones, destruction of property, economic

More information

LIQUEFACTION PHENOMENON IN THE EARTHQUAKES OF TURKEY, INCLUDING RECENT ERZINCAN, DINAR AND ADANA-CEYHAN EARTHQUAKES

LIQUEFACTION PHENOMENON IN THE EARTHQUAKES OF TURKEY, INCLUDING RECENT ERZINCAN, DINAR AND ADANA-CEYHAN EARTHQUAKES LIQUEFACTION PHENOMENON IN THE EARTHQUAKES OF TURKEY, INCLUDING RECENT ERZINCAN, DINAR AND ADANA-CEYHAN EARTHQUAKES Ömer AYDAN 1, Reşat ULUSAY 2 And Halil KUMSAR 3 SUMMARY Liquefaction phenomenon were

More information

THE STUDY ON A DISASTER PREVENTION/MITIGATION BASIC PLAN IN ISTANBUL PART 2 - EVALUATION OF URBAN VULNERABILITY -

THE STUDY ON A DISASTER PREVENTION/MITIGATION BASIC PLAN IN ISTANBUL PART 2 - EVALUATION OF URBAN VULNERABILITY - 13 th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Vancouver, B.C., Canada August 1-6, 2004 Paper No. 1361 THE STUDY ON A DISASTER PREVENTION/MITIGATION BASIC PLAN IN ISTANBUL PART 2 - EVALUATION OF URBAN

More information

M=5.6 VAN EARTHQUAKE ON 09/11/2011

M=5.6 VAN EARTHQUAKE ON 09/11/2011 PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF DATA FROM THE AFTERSHOCK DEPLOYMENT IN VAN AND ERCİŞ, TURKEY M=5.6 VAN EARTHQUAKE ON 09/11/2011 Bogazici University Istanbul, Turkey November 2011 SUMMARY Following the destructive

More information

EARTHQUAKE MAGNITUDE

EARTHQUAKE MAGNITUDE EARTHQUAKE MAGNITUDE Earliest measure of earthquake size Dimensionless number measured various ways, including M L local magnitude m b body wave magnitude M s surface wave magnitude M w moment magnitude

More information

ISTANBUL EARTHQUAKE RISK AND MITIGATION STUDIES

ISTANBUL EARTHQUAKE RISK AND MITIGATION STUDIES ISTANBUL EARTHQUAKE RISK AND MITIGATION STUDIES O. Metin Ilkisik, M. Nilay Ergenc and Murat T. Turk Disaster Coordination Center, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Istanbul, Turkey e-mail: omilkisik@hotmail.com

More information

Scope of Insurance Premium for Residential Houses against Seismic Risk in Japan

Scope of Insurance Premium for Residential Houses against Seismic Risk in Japan Scope of Insurance Premium for Residential Houses against Seismic Risk in Japan J. Kanda a) and K. Nishijima b) a) University of Tokyo, Japan kandaj@k.u-tokyo.ac.jp b) ETH, Switzerland ABSTRACT The premium

More information

ICOLD POSITION PAPER ON DAM SAFETY AND EARTHQUAKES

ICOLD POSITION PAPER ON DAM SAFETY AND EARTHQUAKES ICOLD POSITION PAPER ON DAM SAFETY AND EARTHQUAKES August 2012 Dam Safety and Earthquakes Position Paper of International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD) Prepared by ICOLD Committee on Seismic Aspects

More information

SEISMIC DESIGN OF HIGHWAY BRIDGES

SEISMIC DESIGN OF HIGHWAY BRIDGES Journal of Japan Association for Earthquake Engineering, Vol.4, No.3 (Special Issue), 2004 SEISMIC DESIGN OF HIGHWAY BRIDGES Kazuhiko KAWASHIMA 1 and Shigeki UNJOH 2 1 Member of JAEE, Professor, Department

More information

Predicting Seismic Vulnerable Zones using GIS. Outline of the presentation. Objectives. Risk Mapping Overview Factor Maps. Three levels of Zonation

Predicting Seismic Vulnerable Zones using GIS. Outline of the presentation. Objectives. Risk Mapping Overview Factor Maps. Three levels of Zonation Predicting Seismic Vulnerable Zones using GIS by K.S.A. Dinesh Kumar Research Scholar, Anna University & Lecturer in Civil Engineering Dept. National Institute of Technical Teachers Training & Research

More information

Important Points: Timing: Timing Evaluation Methodology Example Immediate First announcement of building damage

Important Points: Timing: Timing Evaluation Methodology Example Immediate First announcement of building damage 3.3. Evaluation of Building Foundation Damage Basic Terminology: Damage: Destruction, deformation, inclination and settlement of a building foundation caused by an earthquake. Damage grade: Degree of danger

More information

UrEDAS, URGENT EARTHQUAKE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM, NOW AND FUTURE

UrEDAS, URGENT EARTHQUAKE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM, NOW AND FUTURE 3 th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Vancouver, B.C., Canada August -6, 24 Paper No. 98 UrEDAS, URGENT EARTHQUAKE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM, NOW AND FUTURE Yutaka NAKAMURA SUMMARY UrEDAS, Urgent

More information

2006 Kiholo Bay, Hawaii Earthquake

2006 Kiholo Bay, Hawaii Earthquake 2006 Kiholo Bay, Hawaii Earthquake TM Risk Management Solutions I NTRODUCTION On Sunday, October 15, 2006 at 7:07:48 a.m. local time, a Mw 6.7 (moment magnitude) earthquake struck off the Kohala coast

More information

A STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF SURFACE WAVES GENERATED

A STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF SURFACE WAVES GENERATED A STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF SURFACE WAVES GENERATED IN DEEP SEDIMENTARY BASINS DURING A MAJOR EARTHQUAKE K. Eto ), K. Motoki 2) and K. Seo 3) )Graduate student, Department of Built Environment, Tokyo Institute

More information

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION SCHOOL STANDARDS

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION SCHOOL STANDARDS Islamic Republic of Afghanistan MINISTRY OF EDUCATION SCHOOL STANDARDS Policies, Codes and Designs 1 Subjects in Presentation Standards and Designs Policy guidelines: July 2006, Cost-effective Schools

More information

Earthquake tragedy and application of seismic isolation, energy dissipation and other seismic control systems to protect structures in China

Earthquake tragedy and application of seismic isolation, energy dissipation and other seismic control systems to protect structures in China Research & development Earthquake tragedy and application of seismic isolation, energy dissipation and other seismic control systems to protect structures in China 90% of the Chinese territory is seismic.

More information

KCC Event Brief: 2014 La Habra Earthquake

KCC Event Brief: 2014 La Habra Earthquake KAREN CLARK & COMPANY KCC Event Brief: 2014 La Habra Earthquake June 2014 2 COPLEY PLACE BOSTON, MA 02116 T: 617.423.2800 F: 617.423.2808 Overview On Friday, March 28, 2014 at 9:09pm, a magnitude 5.1 earthquake

More information

Earthquake: A vibration caused by the sudden breaking or frictional sliding of rock in the Earth. Fault: A fracture on which one body of rock slides

Earthquake: A vibration caused by the sudden breaking or frictional sliding of rock in the Earth. Fault: A fracture on which one body of rock slides Earthquake: A vibration caused by the sudden breaking or frictional sliding of rock in the Earth. Fault: A fracture on which one body of rock slides past another. Focus: The location where a fault slips

More information

Control of Seismic Drift Demand for Reinforced Concrete Buildings with Weak First Stories

Control of Seismic Drift Demand for Reinforced Concrete Buildings with Weak First Stories Earthquake Yoshimura: Engineering Control and of Engineering Seismic Drift Seismology Demand for Reinforced Concrete Buildings with Weak First Stories 7 Volume 4, Number, September 3, pp. 7 3 Control of

More information

RAILROAD DAMAGE FROM THE OCTOBER 16, 1999 HECTOR MINE EARTHQUAKE

RAILROAD DAMAGE FROM THE OCTOBER 16, 1999 HECTOR MINE EARTHQUAKE RAILROAD DAMAGE FROM THE OCTOBER 16, 1999 HECTOR MINE EARTHQUAKE By: William G. Byers, P.E. Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway 4515 Kansas Avenue Kansas City, Kansas 66106 Phone (913) 551-4070 Fax

More information

Development of Emergent Alarm System using the Earthquake Early Warning by Japan Meteorological Agencyed from Microtremor Records

Development of Emergent Alarm System using the Earthquake Early Warning by Japan Meteorological Agencyed from Microtremor Records Development of Emergent Alarm System using the Earthquake Early Warning by Japan Meteorological Agencyed from Microtremor Records K. Masaki Department of Urban Environment, Aichi Institute of Technology,

More information

DISASTER RESISTANCE EARTHQUAKES AND STRUCTURES

DISASTER RESISTANCE EARTHQUAKES AND STRUCTURES DISASTER RESISTANCE EARTHQUAKES AND STRUCTURES EARTHQUAKES Origin of earthquakes The earth was a single land about two hundred million years ago. This land split progressively over a long period of time

More information

Seismic Risk Assessment Procedures for a System Consisting of Distributed Facilities - Part One - Basic Method of the Procedures

Seismic Risk Assessment Procedures for a System Consisting of Distributed Facilities - Part One - Basic Method of the Procedures Seismic Risk Assessment Procedures for a System Consisting of Distributed Facilities - Part One - Basic Method of the Procedures M. Mizutani Modern Engineering and Design Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan M. Sato

More information

ANNEX D1 BASIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR REVIEWING STUDIES IN THE DETAILED RISK ASSESSMENT FOR SAFETY

ANNEX D1 BASIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR REVIEWING STUDIES IN THE DETAILED RISK ASSESSMENT FOR SAFETY ANNEX D1 BASIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR REVIEWING STUDIES IN THE DETAILED RISK ASSESSMENT FOR SAFETY ANNEX D1: BASIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR REVIEWING STUDIES IN DRA FOR SAFETY D1-1 ANNEX D1 BASIC CONSIDERATIONS

More information

The earthquake source

The earthquake source Global seismology: The earthquake source Reading: Fowler p111-140 and Bolt Appendix G Earthquake location Earthquake focus: Latitude, longitude, depth Earthquake epicenter: Latitude, longitude Earthquakes

More information

ABSG Consulting, Tokyo, Japan Email: tkubo@absconsulting.co.jp 2. Professor, Kogakuin University, Tokyo, Japan 3

ABSG Consulting, Tokyo, Japan Email: tkubo@absconsulting.co.jp 2. Professor, Kogakuin University, Tokyo, Japan 3 Application of Earthquake Early Warning System and Real-time Strong-motion Monitoring System to Earthquake Disaster Mitigation of a High-Rise Building in Tokyo, Japan Tomohiro Kubo 1, Yoshiaki Hisada 2,

More information

6 RETROFITTING POST & PIER HOUSES

6 RETROFITTING POST & PIER HOUSES Retrofitting Post & Pier Houses 71 6 RETROFITTING POST & PIER HOUSES by James E. Russell, P.E. 72 Retrofitting Post & Pier Houses Retrofitting Post & Pier Houses 73 RETROFITTING POST AND PIER HOUSES This

More information

Reading GPS Time Series Plots Worksheet

Reading GPS Time Series Plots Worksheet Reading GPS Time Series Plots Worksheet By: Roger Groom and Cate Fox-Lent, UNAVCO Master Teachers in-residence, Shelley Olds, UNAVCO The Global Positioning System, GPS, is used to study the Earth, how

More information

SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND RETROFITTING OF R.C.C STRUCTURE

SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND RETROFITTING OF R.C.C STRUCTURE International Journal of Advanced Research in Biology Engineering Science and Technology (IJARBEST) Vol., Issue, April 1 SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND RETROFITTING OF R.C.C STRUCTURE M.R.NAVANEETHA KRISHNAN 1,

More information

Landslides & Mudflows

Landslides & Mudflows 1 2 - What is a Landslide? - Geologic hazard Common to almost all 50 states Annual global Billions in losses Thousands of deaths and injuries 3 1 - What is a Landslide? - Gravity is driving force Some

More information

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGAINST THE NATURAL DISASTERS OF TURKEY: MITIGATION, RESPONSE AND RECOVERY ISSUES

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGAINST THE NATURAL DISASTERS OF TURKEY: MITIGATION, RESPONSE AND RECOVERY ISSUES 3 rd Roundtable Meeting on Disaster Management 19 November 2014; JCSE HQ Auditorium EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGAINST THE NATURAL DISASTERS OF TURKEY: MITIGATION, RESPONSE AND RECOVERY ISSUES Beyza TASKIN (PhD)

More information

Seismic retrofitting on structures in urban areas

Seismic retrofitting on structures in urban areas Disaster Management and Human Health Risk II 161 Seismic retrofitting on structures in urban areas A. K. Desai Applied Mechanics Department, S V National Institute of Technology, Surat, India Abstract

More information

Seismic Hazard Maps for the National Building Code of Canada past, present and future

Seismic Hazard Maps for the National Building Code of Canada past, present and future Seismic Hazard Maps for the National Building Code of Canada past, present and future John Adams Geological Survey of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, CSRN 2011 Workshop 2012 Jan 13 Copyright.

More information

The 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China

The 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China The 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China SEISMIC ASSESSMENT OF THE ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE IN THE FATIH DISTRICT OF ISTANBUL P. Gülkan 1, Z. Ahunbay 2, Z.

More information

PRELIMINARY REPORT ON THE NORTHSTAR #1 CLASS II INJECTION WELL AND THE SEISMIC EVENTS IN THE YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO AREA

PRELIMINARY REPORT ON THE NORTHSTAR #1 CLASS II INJECTION WELL AND THE SEISMIC EVENTS IN THE YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO AREA PRELIMINARY REPORT ON THE NORTHSTAR #1 CLASS II INJECTION WELL AND THE SEISMIC EVENTS IN THE YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO AREA Tom Tomastik, Geologist, ODNR, Division of Oil and Gas Resources Management PURPOSE AND

More information

CHAPTER SEISMIC RISK MITIGATION PRACTICES IN SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN ISTANBUL, TURKEY

CHAPTER SEISMIC RISK MITIGATION PRACTICES IN SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN ISTANBUL, TURKEY CHAPTER 13 SEISMIC RISK MITIGATION PRACTICES IN SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN ISTANBUL, TURKEY Özal Yüzügüllü, Gülay Barbarosoglu and Mustafa Erdik Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute Bogaziçi

More information

EARTHQUAKE. Definition of Hazard. History of Hazard as it Affects the City of Kent. Hazard Identification

EARTHQUAKE. Definition of Hazard. History of Hazard as it Affects the City of Kent. Hazard Identification EARTHQUAKE Definition of Hazard Earthquakes are defined as the sudden release of energy occurring from the collision or shifting of crustal plates on the earth s surface or from the fracture of stressed

More information

Development of Guidance Information for the Repair and Rebuilding of Houses Following the Canterbury Earthquake Series

Development of Guidance Information for the Repair and Rebuilding of Houses Following the Canterbury Earthquake Series Development of Guidance Information for the Repair and Rebuilding of Houses Following the Canterbury Earthquake Series Graeme J Beattie (1) 1. Principal Structural Engineer, BRANZ Ltd, Private Bag 50908,

More information

Numerical Modeling Earthquake Effects On Sea Outfall Systems : Kadýköy Sea Outfall Case

Numerical Modeling Earthquake Effects On Sea Outfall Systems : Kadýköy Sea Outfall Case 2 ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MARINE WASTE WATER DISCHARGES MWWD 2002 - I STANBUL SEPT. 16 20 Numerical Modeling Earthquake Effects On Sea Outfall Systems : Kadýköy Sea Outfall Case Prof.Dr. Sedat Kabdaþlý

More information

6.0 Results of Risk Analyses

6.0 Results of Risk Analyses 6. Results of Risk Analyses A risk analysis of the optimized embankment designs for the Salton Sea restoration project was conducted jointly by Kleinfelder and representatives from Reclamation. A risk

More information

CONTRIBUTION TO THE IAEA SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION KARISMA BENCHMARK

CONTRIBUTION TO THE IAEA SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION KARISMA BENCHMARK CONTRIBUTION TO THE IAEA SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION KARISMA BENCHMARK Presented by F. Wang (CEA, France), CLUB CAST3M 2013 28/11/2013 5 DÉCEMBRE 2013 CEA 10 AVRIL 2012 PAGE 1 CONTRIBUTION TO THE IAEA SSI

More information

Task: Your task is to use earthquake data to map a possible fault line and then evaluate the risk of damage from earthquakes near this fault line.

Task: Your task is to use earthquake data to map a possible fault line and then evaluate the risk of damage from earthquakes near this fault line. Name Date Per Task: Your task is to use earthquake data to map a possible fault line and then evaluate the risk of damage from earthquakes near this fault line. Materials: Seismograms showing the arrival

More information

SECTION 7 Engineered Buildings Field Investigation

SECTION 7 Engineered Buildings Field Investigation SECTION 7 Engineered Buildings Field Investigation Types of Data to Be Collected and Recorded A field investigator looking at engineered buildings is expected to assess the type of damage to buildings.

More information

Seismic Isolated Hospital Design Practice in Turkey: Erzurum Medical Campus

Seismic Isolated Hospital Design Practice in Turkey: Erzurum Medical Campus Seismic Isolated Hospital Design Practice in Turkey: Erzurum Medical Campus J. Kubin, D. Kubin, A. Özmen, O.B. Şadan, E. Eroğlu Prota Engineering Design and Consultancy Services Inc. H. Sucuoğlu, S. Akkar

More information

Engineering Geological Asset Management for Large Dams. Yasuhito SASAKI (1)

Engineering Geological Asset Management for Large Dams. Yasuhito SASAKI (1) Engineering Geological Asset Management for Large Dams Yasuhito SASAKI (1) (1) Geology Research Team, Public Works Research Institute, Japan E-mail:ya-sasa@pwri.go.jp Abstract Comprehensive inspection

More information

A Report on Post-Earthquake Rapid Visual Damage Assessment of Buildings Of Tribhuvan International Airport

A Report on Post-Earthquake Rapid Visual Damage Assessment of Buildings Of Tribhuvan International Airport A Report on Post-Earthquake Rapid Visual Damage Assessment of Buildings Of Tribhuvan International Airport Prepared By: Civil Engineering Division Tribhuvan International Airport Civil Aviation Office

More information

Foundations 65 5 FOUNDATIONS. by Richard Chylinski, FAIA and Timothy P. McCormick, P.E. Seismic Retrofit Training

Foundations 65 5 FOUNDATIONS. by Richard Chylinski, FAIA and Timothy P. McCormick, P.E. Seismic Retrofit Training Foundations 65 5 FOUNDATIONS by Richard Chylinski, FAIA and Timothy P. McCormick, P.E. 66 Foundations Foundations 67 FOUNDATIONS Let's assume that the retrofit has been done correctly from the roofline

More information

Seismic Design and Performance Criteria for Large Storage Dams

Seismic Design and Performance Criteria for Large Storage Dams Seismic Design and Performance Criteria for Large Storage Dams Dr. Martin Wieland Chairman, ICOLD Committee on Seismic Aspects of Dam Design Poyry Switzerland Ltd., Zurich, Switzerland Integral Dam Safety

More information

Name: Lab: Earthquake Epicenters Adapted from Exploration in Earth Science, The Physical Setting, United Publishing Company, Inc

Name: Lab: Earthquake Epicenters Adapted from Exploration in Earth Science, The Physical Setting, United Publishing Company, Inc Name: Lab: Earthquake Epicenters Adapted from Exploration in Earth Science, The Physical Setting, United Publishing Company, Inc INTRODUCTION: Earthquakes occur when there is movement along a fault. The

More information

Overview. NRC Regulations for Seismic. Applied to San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station. NRC History. How we Regulate

Overview. NRC Regulations for Seismic. Applied to San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station. NRC History. How we Regulate Overview 1. NRC History and Overview NRC Regulations for Seismic Analysis and Design Applied to San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station Christie Hale Megan Williams 2. Regulations for Seismic Hazards 3.

More information

SMIP2000 Seminar Proceedings COSMOS VIRTUAL STRONG MOTION DATA CENTER. Ralph Archuleta

SMIP2000 Seminar Proceedings COSMOS VIRTUAL STRONG MOTION DATA CENTER. Ralph Archuleta COSMOS VIRTUAL STRONG MOTION DATA CENTER Ralph Archuleta Institute for Crustal Studies & Department of Geological Sciences University of California, Santa Barbara ABSTRACT The COSMOS virtual data center

More information

Teacher Workbooks. Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1

Teacher Workbooks. Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1 Teacher Workbooks Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1 Copyright 2005 Teachnology Publishing Company A Division of Teachnology, Inc. For additional information, visit

More information

Vibration Isolation in Data Centers

Vibration Isolation in Data Centers Vibration Isolation in Data Centers Vibrations in Data Centers Vibrations in Data Centers can be produced by nearby construction works, heavy traffic, railways or even the own cooling units inside or next

More information

Strong earthquakes in seismic regions are inevitable! Build your house safely to avoid future disaster!

Strong earthquakes in seismic regions are inevitable! Build your house safely to avoid future disaster! Central Asia Earthquake Safety Initiative SEISMIC SAFETY FOR ADOBE HOMES: what everyone should know Seismic Damage to Adobe Homes Central Asia is known for periodic large earthquakes. Strong earthquakes

More information

A RACE WITH TIME IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN REGION

A RACE WITH TIME IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN REGION A RACE WITH TIME IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN REGION Walter W HAYS 1 SUMMARY The August 17, 1999 Izmit, Turkey earthquake disaster demonstrated the need for accelerating regional programs such as, Reduction

More information

Magnitude 7.4 OAXACA, MEXICO

Magnitude 7.4 OAXACA, MEXICO A major earthquake in Oaxaca, Mexico (190 km [120 mi] east of Acapulco) shook buildings in Mexico City, 322 km (200 mi) NNE of the epicenter, sending people flooding into the streets. The earthquake occurred

More information

Risks of future Earthquake- and extreme hydrological Disasters in Southeast Asia with a Focus on Thailand

Risks of future Earthquake- and extreme hydrological Disasters in Southeast Asia with a Focus on Thailand Risks of future Earthquake- and extreme hydrological Disasters in Southeast Asia with a Focus on Thailand Manfred Koch Department of Geohydraulics and Engineering Hydrology University of Kassel Germany

More information

SEISMIC DAMAGE ESTIMATION PROCEDURE FOR WATER SUPPLY PIPELINES

SEISMIC DAMAGE ESTIMATION PROCEDURE FOR WATER SUPPLY PIPELINES SEISMIC DAMAGE ESTIMATION PROCEDURE FOR WATER SUPPLY PIPELINES Ryoji ISOYAMA 1, Eisuke ISHIDA 2, Kiyoji YUNE 3 And Toru SHIROZU 4 SUMMARY This paper presents a practical procedure for estimating damage

More information

Strengthening of Brick Masonry Walls against Earthquake Loading

Strengthening of Brick Masonry Walls against Earthquake Loading International Journal of Advanced Structures and Geotechnical Engineering ISSN 2319-5347, Vol. 01, No. 01, July 2012 Strengthening of Brick Masonry Walls against Earthquake ing KHAN SHAHZADA, MUHAMMAD

More information

Case Studies of Seismic Nonstructural Retrofitting in. School Facilities

Case Studies of Seismic Nonstructural Retrofitting in. School Facilities Case Studies of Seismic Nonstructural in School Facilities December 2005 Educational Facilities Research Center, National Institute for Educational Policy Research, Study Group Report on the "Investigative

More information

Applying GIS in seismic hazard assessment and data integration for disaster management

Applying GIS in seismic hazard assessment and data integration for disaster management Applying GIS in seismic hazard assessment and data integration for disaster management Rumiana Vatseva, Dimcho Solakov, Emilia Tcherkezova, Stela Simeonova, Petya Trifonova National Institute of Geophysics,

More information

EARTHQUAKE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS

EARTHQUAKE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS GAP.2.0.9 A Publication of Global Asset Protection Services LLC EARTHQUAKE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS INTRODUCTION Buildings in many areas of the world are susceptible to damage from moderate to severe earthquakes.

More information

The correct answers are given below. Some talking points have been added for the teachers use.

The correct answers are given below. Some talking points have been added for the teachers use. Natural Resources Canada 2011: Lesson Plan Grades 11 and 12 Landslide activity 5b: Landslides in Canada quiz Description: This is an independent study activity for grades 11 and 12. Students will read

More information

Section 8.1 What Is an Earthquake? This section explains what earthquakes and faults are and what causes earthquakes.

Section 8.1 What Is an Earthquake? This section explains what earthquakes and faults are and what causes earthquakes. Section 8.1 What Is an Earthquake? This section explains what earthquakes and faults are and what causes earthquakes. Reading Strategy Building Vocabulary As you read this section, write a definition for

More information

Prepared For San Francisco Community College District 33 Gough Street San Francisco, California 94103. Prepared By

Prepared For San Francisco Community College District 33 Gough Street San Francisco, California 94103. Prepared By Project Structural Conditions Survey and Seismic Vulnerability Assessment For SFCC Civic Center Campus 750 Eddy Street San Francisco, California 94109 Prepared For San Francisco Community College District

More information

SEISMIC BEHAVIOR OF A HETEROGENEOUS SOIL WITH UNCERTAIN HEIGHT

SEISMIC BEHAVIOR OF A HETEROGENEOUS SOIL WITH UNCERTAIN HEIGHT SEISMIC BEAVIOR OF A ETEROGENEOUS SOIL WIT UNCERTAIN EIGT M. Badaoui, M.K. Berrah and A. Mébarki 3 Doctor, Université Paris-Est, Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi Echelle, MSME FRE360 CNRS,

More information

Outline of Guidelines for Seismic Performance Evaluation of Dams During Large Earthquakes (Draft)

Outline of Guidelines for Seismic Performance Evaluation of Dams During Large Earthquakes (Draft) Outline of Guidelines for Seismic Performance Evaluation of Dams During Large Earthquakes (Draft) by Nario Yasuda 1, Kazuhito Shimamoto 2, Yoshikazu Yamaguchi 3 and Takashi Sasaki 4 ABSTRACT On March 2005,

More information

Experimental Study on Liquefaction Countermeasure Technique by Log Piling for Residential Houses

Experimental Study on Liquefaction Countermeasure Technique by Log Piling for Residential Houses Experimental Study on Liquefaction Countermeasure Technique by Log Piling for Residential Houses M. Yoshida Fukui National College of Technology, Japan M. Miyajima Kanazawa University, Japan A. Numata

More information

Chapter 3 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FEATURES IMPORTANT TO SEISMIC PERFORMANCE

Chapter 3 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FEATURES IMPORTANT TO SEISMIC PERFORMANCE Chapter 3 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FEATURES IMPORTANT TO SEISMIC PERFORMANCE To satisfy the performance goals of the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions, a number of characteristics are important to the

More information

Site C Clean Energy Project Topic Specific Sessions: Presentation by Natural Resources Canada

Site C Clean Energy Project Topic Specific Sessions: Presentation by Natural Resources Canada Site C Clean Energy Project Topic Specific Sessions: Presentation by Natural Resources Canada Fort St. John, British Columbia January 13, 2014 Outline 1. Context for NRCan s Participation in the Joint

More information

Post Earthquake Quick Damage Inspection of Buildings in Nepal

Post Earthquake Quick Damage Inspection of Buildings in Nepal Post Earthquake Quick Damage Inspection of Buildings in Nepal Collaborative Research and Development (R&D) Project for Disaster Mitigation in Earthquake Prone Areas in Asia (Sep 27, 2007) Presented By

More information

Name Date Class. By studying the Vocabulary and Notes listed for each section below, you can gain a better understanding of this chapter.

Name Date Class. By studying the Vocabulary and Notes listed for each section below, you can gain a better understanding of this chapter. CHAPTER 7 VOCABULARY & NOTES WORKSHEET Earthquakes By studying the Vocabulary and Notes listed for each section below, you can gain a better understanding of this chapter. SECTION 1 Vocabulary In your

More information

89.325 Geology for Engineers Earthquakes

89.325 Geology for Engineers Earthquakes 89.325 Geology for Engineers Earthquakes Name I. Introduction The crust of the earth behaves in a brittle manner. Stress is the force applied to a brittle substance and strain represents the build-up of

More information

PERFORMANCE BASED SEISMIC EVALUATION AND RETROFITTING OF UNSYMMETRICAL MEDIUM RISE BUILDINGS- A CASE STUDY

PERFORMANCE BASED SEISMIC EVALUATION AND RETROFITTING OF UNSYMMETRICAL MEDIUM RISE BUILDINGS- A CASE STUDY Paper No. 682 PERFORMANCE BASED SEISMIC EVALUATION AND RETROFITTING OF UNSYMMETRICAL MEDIUM RISE BUILDINGS- A CASE STUDY Jimmy Chandra, Pennung Warnitchai, Deepak Rayamajhi, Naveed Anwar and Shuaib Ahmad

More information

EARTHQUAKE SAFETY CONSTRUCTION: FROM GUIDELINES TO PRACTICE Experiences from School Earthquake Safety Initiative Project

EARTHQUAKE SAFETY CONSTRUCTION: FROM GUIDELINES TO PRACTICE Experiences from School Earthquake Safety Initiative Project EARTHQUAKE SAFETY CONSTRUCTION: FROM GUIDELINES TO PRACTICE Experiences from School Earthquake Safety Initiative Project i CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION... 1 CHAPTER 2. EARTHQUAKE AND BEHAVIOR OF BUILDINGS DURING

More information

Earthquake Hazards and Risks

Earthquake Hazards and Risks Page 1 of 7 EENS 3050 Tulane University Natural Disasters Prof. Stephen A. Nelson Earthquake Hazards and Risks This page last updated on 28-Aug-2013 Earthquake Risk Many seismologists have said that "earthquakes

More information

12.510 Introduction to Seismology Spring 2008

12.510 Introduction to Seismology Spring 2008 MIT OpenCourseWare http://ocw.mit.edu 12.510 Introduction to Seismology Spring 2008 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms. 04/30/2008 Today s

More information

Local Seismic Hazard in Alpine Environment From Site Effects to Induced Phenomena Donat Fäh Swiss Seismological Service, ETH Zürich

Local Seismic Hazard in Alpine Environment From Site Effects to Induced Phenomena Donat Fäh Swiss Seismological Service, ETH Zürich Local Seismic Hazard in Alpine Environment From Site Effects to Induced Phenomena Donat Fäh Swiss Seismological Service, ETH Zürich Numerical simulation Earthquake at Sion/Sierre January 25, 1946 Scientific

More information