Strategic framework for setting priorities for restoring degraded ecosystems in Germany

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Strategic framework for setting priorities for restoring degraded ecosystems in Germany"

Transcription

1 Strategic framework for setting priorities for restoring degraded ecosystems in Germany (EU Biodiversity Strategy, Target 2, Action 6a) Background In the 15 th Aichi Target for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity the 10 th meeting of the Conference Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity laid down the following: "By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification. The EU strategy, "Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020" (EUBVS; COM (2011) 244 final) aims to halt the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem services and restore them in so far as feasible. To this end, ecosystems and their services must be maintained and enhanced by One element will be the restoration of 15% of degraded ecosystems, in line with the international commitments referred to above. Target 2: "By 2020, ecosystems and their services are maintained and enhanced by establishing green infrastructure and restoring at least 15% of degraded ecosystems." To implement this target the member states are asked to develop a strategy and set priorities by 2014: Action 6a: "By 2014, Member States, with the assistance of the Commission, will develop a strategic framework to set priorities for ecosystem restoration at sub-national, national and EU level." At EU level a Working Group on Restoration Prioritization Framework was established to support the work of the member states in implementing Action 6a. The working group discussed a broad approach aimed at enhancing the status of all ecosystem types in order to realise the restoration target. The approach applies the restoration target to the entire 1

2 landscape and includes the marine area. The Corine Land Cover classes were proposed as a basis for categorising ecosystems, and four quality levels were defined for the relevant ecosystem types. Moving up from one quality level to the next will be counted towards the achievement of the restoration target. Strategic framework for national implementation In Germany there are diverse instruments at all levels of government for the conservation of biological diversity, regulating both protected areas and the landscape in general. Key instruments include spatial planning measures, the designation of protected areas, compensation for interventions and funding measures. Germany's National Strategy on Biological Diversity (NBS) provides a scientifically sound and broadly coordinated plan for the conservation of biodiversity. The strategy comprises guidelines, quality targets, action objectives and action areas for all fields of activity. Generally, 2020 is the target year for achieving the measures. The aim is to mobilise all government and non-government players and combine their activities to halt the decline of biodiversity in Germany. The NBS also includes targets and measures for the restoration of degraded ecosystems. The Länder and federal ministries support and supplement the NBS with their own biodiversity strategies, sector-based strategies and programmes of action. The range of instruments for conserving biodiversity and the broad implementation process of the NBS aim to improve the quality of all ecosystem types. This is also the goal of the relevant European directives. For this reason Germany will focus on implementing the NBS and transposing the European directives and not pursue any additional process for general ecosystem improvement. Monitoring activities, particular under Natura 2000, the Water Framework Directive, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, the Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation and the National Biodiversity Strategy, regularly record trends in biodiversity. The work underway at European level on Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy (improving knowledge of ecosystems and their services in the EU) also helps to document changes in the landscape as a whole. 2

3 Setting priorities Germany's implementation of Target 2 Action 6a of the EU Biodiversity Strategyconcentrates on measures to improve the peatland and floodplain ecosystems. In setting priorities for its implementation of Target 2 Action 6a of the EU Biodiversity Strategy, Germany has focused on ecosystems suffering severe deterioration. In this context, like Target 2 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy, Germany has taken Target 15 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) as a basis. As in the CBD target, the intention is to fully exploit the synergy effects between biodiversity conservation, climate action and adaptation to climate change. Thus, in agreement between the Federation and the Länder, Germany's work towards meeting the EU restoration target focuses on the peatland and floodplain ecosystems. This approach is supported by the findings of the study "Natural Capital and Climate Policy Synergies and Conflicts", which was presented in February 2014 as part of the TEEB initiative "Natural Capital Germany TEEB DE". Today the draining of bogs and fens and the resulting decomposition of peat mean that 95% of Germany's peatland are significant emitters of climate gases and nutrients harmful to water bodies. The status report on German floodplains (Auenzustandsbericht) found that 36% of the floodplains had been moderately modified, while 54% were rated as severely or totally modified and thus no longer able to fulfil their function as retention areas for flood water to any satisfactory degree. According to the National Report 2013, compiled in compliance with Article 17 of the Habitats Directive (reporting period ), all Germany's floodplain habitats and a large proportion of Germany's bogs and fens have an unfavourable -bad conservation status. Restoration of regenerative bogs and fens Bog and fen ecosystems are extraordinarily important for biodiversity, the hydrological balance, water quality and the climate. Bogs and fens are habitats for many rare and endangered species which are especially adapted to the conditions there (e.g. cotton grass, orchids, sundew, sphagnum). This means that intact bog and fen habitats are crucial for the conservation of biological diversity. Moreover, bogs and fens retain water in the landscape, have a positive influence on the micro climate and are important carbon sinks. Scientific studies highlight that revitalising bogs, extensifying their use and rewetting up to a nearnatural water level can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 35 million tonnes of CO 2 equivalent each year. 3

4 Most bogs and fens in Germany, especially those of the North German Plain, were systematically drained during the 19 th and 20 th centuries. To date, draining for peat extraction, agriculture and forestry has caused degradation in over 95% of Germany's bogs, leading to peat loss, subsidence, climate-damaging gas emissions, loss of function as reservoirs for nutrients and even their complete destruction. Only around 5% of peatland in Germany are in a near-natural or renatured status. Consequently, many species and habitat types which are typical for bogs and fens and specialised for the conditions found there fall at least under the category endangered on the Red Lists for Germany's species and biotope types. Typical bog habitat types and some of their main species are significant for the whole of Europe and listed in Annexes I and II of the Habitats Directive, some even as priority species and habitat types. According to Germany's 2013 National Report pursuant to the Habitats Directive, with the exception of Alpine bogs and fens the conservation status of the bog and fen habitats listed in the directive is inadequate or in many cases even bad. This highlights the urgent need to step up efforts to conserve and restore intact bogs and fens with their characteristic habitats and species. The restoration of a near-natural water table close to the surface is an integral part of bog revitalisation. This also has a positive impact on the climate and other ecosystem services. In the interests of climate action and the restoration of other ecosystem services, therefore, where it is not possible to revitalise or cease using the bog, efforts should at least be made to restore the water table to its near-natural level close to the surface, to extensify use and establish sound wet management practices for the bog. German Länder with many raised bogs worth renaturing and large, non-intensively used mires and fens -Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, and Lower Saxony either already have bog protection plans or have begun to consider relevant options. Schleswig-Holstein, with a more limited bog potential in terms of both quality and quantity, has been pursuing its own bog conservation scheme for over six years. In North Rhine-Westphalia the Biodiversity Strategy contains concrete ideas for renaturing bogs. The implementation of all these strategies and programmes generally calls for comprehensive measures which affect the management already in place. This is also a reason why the targets for fens in the National Strategy on Biological Diversity have not yet been reached (e.g. "In regenerable lowland moors the depletion of peat has been significantly reduced"; "by 2020 significant portions of the lowland moors which are currently subject to intensive use [2007] have been extensified and confined to grassland use. Typical biotic communities are able to develop once again"; "natural development on 10% of the lowland moors that are currently [2007] extensively used by 2010, and on a further 10% by 2020"). 4

5 The Federation supports the Länder in the regeneration of bogs and fens, for instance through "chance.natur", a federal nature conservation assistance programme. Currently, 7 of the 32 ongoing large-scale nature conservation projects funded under this programme focus on bog or fen habitats. Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg set up the project "MoorFutures" and have since been joined in this by Schleswig-Holstein. The project targets companies which want to compensate for or optimise their greenhouse gas emissions. Through a voluntary carbon market companies can acquire shares for rewetting measures in these Länder. The duration of this long-term investment is at least 30 years. Bavaria is pursuing similar goals by monetarising carbon storage in bogs or fens in the project "Moorbenefits". Concrete goals, measures and suitable instruments for bog and fen conservation and climate action have been drawn up in a position paper by the nature conservation agencies of bogand fen-rich Länder: "Eine Vision für Moore in Deutschland Potenziale und Ziele zum Moorund Klimaschutz" (2012) (A vision for peatland in Germany potential and goals for bog and fen conservation and climate protection). The paper was presented at the Environment Ministers Conference and has the backing of the Federal Environment Agency (UBA), the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN), and the Federal Government/Länder Working Group on Nature Conservation, Landscape Management and Recreation (LANA) and the Federal Government/Länder Working Group on Soil Conservation (LABO). Restoration of floodplains The natural diversity and dynamics of floodplains make them biodiversity hotspots. Floodplains provide habitat for many rare species which have adapted to the specialised conditions (especially the flooding and water supply dynamic). Alluvial forests, for instance, are endangered throughout Europe. The connective nature of floodplains makes them particularly important as transboundary axes for the ecological network and for Natura 2000, the Europe-wide network of protected areas. Floodplains are natural retention areas for flood control and hence indispensable for adaptation to climate change. Floodplains can play a significant role in flood retention, particularly in light of the anticipated increase in small and medium flood events. They also provide other ecosystem services, acting as filters, supplying drinking water and improving the water quality of our rivers by retaining nutrients. Floodplains help combat climate change too, because like bogs, their soils and vegetation store more carbon dioxide than most other ecosystems. The multiple social benefits of floodplains, however, are only possible in the long-term if their functionality is consistently maintained or restored. Extensive interventions in the structure of Germany's rivers and streams were undertaken in the past. Watercourses were shortened and their banks reinforced, floodplains were put to agricultural use. The range of uses means that the biodiversity conservation in water bodies 5

6 and floodplains is in competition with other uses. For instance, water bodies are used as waterways, floodplains for intensive agriculture and forestry, or for settlement. This has serious adverse effects on the biocoenosis of floodplains and on the natural balance, and often impacts negatively on transregional flood control and leads to the loss of other ecosystem services. According to the 2009 status report on German floodplains only around 30% of the original floodplains of the country's major rivers remain. Of these, about 10% are nearly natural or slightly modified, while 54% of floodplains are classified as severely or totally modified. In addition, of the extant floodplains more than one third are used intensively as arable (28%) or urban (6%) areas. Furthermore, 51% of existing floodplains in Germany are Natura 2000 sites, 20% are nature conservation areas. Many habitat types and species listed in the Habitats Directive are closely connected to near-natural rivers and floodplains and are classed in both Germany and Europe as endangered or at risk of extinction. In total, more than 75% of all floodplains and water body biotopes are endangered, with conditions continuing to deteriorate in 44% of water body and floodplain biotopes. Generally appropriate measures for developing near-natural water bodies and floodplains include dismantling bank reinforcements, reconnecting backwaters, flood braids and floodplains, relocating dikes, restoring typical habitats such as alluvial forests, water bodies, wetlands and pioneer sites, supporting non-intensive, site-appropriate uses, securing land, restoring ecological passability and enhancing runoff dynamics and reducing backflow impacts. In its National Strategy on Biological Diversity, the German government set the following goals: By 2020, watercourses and their floodplains will be protected in their role as habitats, guaranteeing the typical diversity of the natural area of Germany. By 2020 the majority of watercourses will again have more natural flood plains. By 2020, the retention areas of rivers will be enlarged by at least 10%. New initiatives are being planned to fulfil these goals: At the end of October 2014 the conference of German environment ministers (Federation and Länder) adopted the National Flood Protection Programme. Reclaiming floodplains through dike relocation is a key element of this programme. In addition, in the current legislative period the government will establish a "Bundesprogramm Blaues Band", a national initiative aimed at renaturing federal waterways and their floodplains. Federal waterways that are no longer used for goods transport have great development potential because in parts they have 6

7 remained near-natural, the predominant use is as grassland and in some places they have kept extensive floodplains. Structures and facilities intended for water traffic can be dismantled. The Federal Environment Ministry also has funding programmes (chance.natur, Federal Biodiversity Programme) which help support the development of floodplains. The Länder have their own financing programmes for the near-natural development of floodplains. In 2009 the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation presented a Status Report on German Floodplains. This is the first report to give an overview of floodplain loss and the status of floodplains throughout Germany. An update is planned for 2020 to provide quantitative data on the restoration target for floodplains. Bonn, 9 February

River floodplains in Germany in times of climate change

River floodplains in Germany in times of climate change River floodplains in Germany in times of climate change Bernd Neukirchen Head of Division II 3.2 Inland Waters, Floodplain Ecosystems, Water Balance Foto: Olaf Büttner/UFZ Climate change and floodplains

More information

Riparian Ecosystems and Climate Change: the Value of Floodplains along the River Elbe

Riparian Ecosystems and Climate Change: the Value of Floodplains along the River Elbe Climate Change and Nature Conservation in Europe - an ecological, policy and economic perspective 25-27 June 2013, Bonn, Germany Riparian Ecosystems and Climate Change: the Value of Floodplains along the

More information

IS ENVIRONMENTAL LAW READY FOR ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION?

IS ENVIRONMENTAL LAW READY FOR ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION? IS ENVIRONMENTAL LAW READY FOR ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION? An Cliquet IUCN AEL Conference, University of Maryland 2 July 2012 Overview Policy and legal obligations for ecological restoration Where, what and

More information

LIFE ORIENTATION DOCUMENT

LIFE ORIENTATION DOCUMENT LIFE ORIENTATION DOCUMENT The European Union provides funding and grants for a broad range of projects and programmes covering areas such as education, health, consumer protection, environmental protection,

More information

Using the voluntary carbon market to provide funding for natural capital projects in the UK. 6 th October 2015

Using the voluntary carbon market to provide funding for natural capital projects in the UK. 6 th October 2015 Using the voluntary carbon market to provide funding for natural capital projects in the UK 6 th October 2015 The problem we face Natural Capital Stock of natural ecosystems that provides a flow of goods

More information

Statement on the Global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Statement on the Global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 18th electoral term Parliamentary Advisory Council on Statement on the Global Goals (SDGs) In 2015, the United Nations will adopt a global sustainability agenda that will shape international and German

More information

DRAFT CANCUN DECLARATION ON MAINSTREAMING THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY FOR WELL-BEING

DRAFT CANCUN DECLARATION ON MAINSTREAMING THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY FOR WELL-BEING DRAFT CANCUN DECLARATION ON MAINSTREAMING THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY FOR WELL-BEING We, the Ministers of environment, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and tourism from countries

More information

Background paper: Climate Action Programme 2020

Background paper: Climate Action Programme 2020 As at: 4 December 2014 Background paper: Climate Action Programme 2020 On 3 December 2014 the German cabinet adopted the Climate Action Programme 2020. This programme contains measures to be implemented

More information

Policy & Management Applications of Blue Carbon. fact SHEET

Policy & Management Applications of Blue Carbon. fact SHEET Policy & Management Applications of Blue Carbon fact SHEET Policy & Management Applications of Blue Carbon Coastal Blue Carbon - An Important Wetland Ecosystem Service Coastal Blue Carbon refers to the

More information

Subject: Towards Better Environmental Options for Flood risk management

Subject: Towards Better Environmental Options for Flood risk management EUROPEAN COMMISSION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL ENVIRONMENT Brussels, 8.3.2011 DG ENV D.1 (2011) 236452 NOTE BY DG ENVIRONMENT Subject: Towards Better Environmental Options for Flood risk management INTRODUCTION

More information

Clifton Bain IUCN UK Peatland Programme

Clifton Bain IUCN UK Peatland Programme Clifton Bain IUCN UK Peatland Programme Peatlands have been identified as a priority for action under international agreements. They provide essential services to society, globally, nationally and locally

More information

Conferência Internacional Estrutura Ecológica Nacional - Conceitos e Delimitação

Conferência Internacional Estrutura Ecológica Nacional - Conceitos e Delimitação Conferência Internacional Estrutura Ecológica Nacional - Conceitos e Delimitação The Green Network plan in Estonia: implementation lessons learned Kalev Sepp Estonian University of Life Sciences Centro

More information

Berlin s peatlands under climate change

Berlin s peatlands under climate change Berlin s peatlands under climate change Christian Heller, Diana Möller, Christian Klingenfuß & Jutta Zeitz (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Division of Soil Science and Site Science) Nature-based solutions

More information

Sediment and Dredged Material Management - Relevance and Objectives 18 September 2003

Sediment and Dredged Material Management - Relevance and Objectives 18 September 2003 - Relevance and Objectives 1. Scope of the Dutch German Exchange (DGE) The Netherlands and Germany have large river systems such as Danube, Rhine, Meuse, Elbe, Weser and Ems, which have important hydrological

More information

Hanover Declaration Local Action Driving Transformation

Hanover Declaration Local Action Driving Transformation Hanover Declaration Local Action Driving Transformation 1 National Governments: Build upon local authority climate leadership! The International Conference on Climate Action 2015 (ICCA2015) showed that

More information

Michigan Wetlands. Department of Environmental Quality

Michigan Wetlands. Department of Environmental Quality Department of Environmental Quality Wetlands are a significant component of Michigan s landscape, covering roughly 5.5 million acres, or 15 percent of the land area of the state. This represents about

More information

Delivering multiple benefits through effective river restoration UK & EU

Delivering multiple benefits through effective river restoration UK & EU Martin Janes Managing Director The River Restoration Centre Delivering multiple benefits through effective river restoration UK & EU CIEEM Annual Conference Southampton 2013 rrc@therrc.co.uk 01234 752979

More information

LIMITING CLIMATE CHANGE PROMOTING BIODIVERSITY PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS ENSURING FINANCING

LIMITING CLIMATE CHANGE PROMOTING BIODIVERSITY PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS ENSURING FINANCING LIMITING CLIMATE CHANGE PROMOTING BIODIVERSITY PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS ENSURING FINANCING Policy Paper on REDDplus Contents Core demands on REDDplus at a glance: 3 1. Limiting climate change 3 2. Promoting

More information

Panel Remarks by Mr Mmboneni Muofhe, GEO Principal Alternate, Deputy Director General, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa

Panel Remarks by Mr Mmboneni Muofhe, GEO Principal Alternate, Deputy Director General, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa UNGGIM- HLF, 20 22 April 2016, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Session 1: Land Information for Sustainable Development Sub- Session: Addressing challenges confronting countries 20 April 2016: 15h45 17h00 Panel Remarks

More information

Testing Framework for Sustainable Biomass ("Cramer Criteria") - The Netherlands

Testing Framework for Sustainable Biomass (Cramer Criteria) - The Netherlands Testing Framework for Sustainable Biomass ("Cramer Criteria") - The Netherlands Country/ Organization Initiative Membership - Governing bodies - Type and implementation approach Feedstock(s) covered Type(s)

More information

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes To ensure a sustainable water supply of good quality, we should protect and use in a sustainable manner the ecosystems that naturally capture, filter, store, and release water, such as rivers, wetlands,

More information

INTEGRATION OF NATURA 2000 INTO THE COHESION POLICY 2007-2013 WORKING DOCUMENT BY THE EUROPEAN NETWORK OF ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES (ENEA)

INTEGRATION OF NATURA 2000 INTO THE COHESION POLICY 2007-2013 WORKING DOCUMENT BY THE EUROPEAN NETWORK OF ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES (ENEA) INTEGRATION OF NATURA 2000 INTO THE COHESION POLICY 2007-2013 WORKING DOCUMENT BY THE EUROPEAN NETWORK OF ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES (ENEA) NOVEMBER 2008 Table of contents Why this document? 1. Nature &

More information

Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries under the UNFCCC. A new opportunity for promoting forest conservation?

Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries under the UNFCCC. A new opportunity for promoting forest conservation? Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries under the UNFCCC. A new opportunity for promoting forest conservation? ANNALISA SAVARESI PhD Fellow Faculty of Law University of Copenhagen

More information

CONNECTIVITY CONSERVATION AND ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION ADVENTURES IN A GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOT

CONNECTIVITY CONSERVATION AND ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION ADVENTURES IN A GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOT CONNECTIVITY CONSERVATION AND ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION ADVENTURES IN A GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOT A presentation addressing Aichi Targets: 5 By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including

More information

State of global wetlands and implications for the Sustainable Development Goals

State of global wetlands and implications for the Sustainable Development Goals research for a sustainable future State of global wetlands and implications for the Sustainable Development Goals Max Finlayson Institute for Land, Water & Society, Charles Sturt University, Australia

More information

Ecosystem Services and Convention on Biological Diversity How ecosystem services are reflected in the CBD COP Decisions in Nagoya?

Ecosystem Services and Convention on Biological Diversity How ecosystem services are reflected in the CBD COP Decisions in Nagoya? Ecosystem Services and Convention on Biological Diversity How ecosystem services are reflected in the CBD COP Decisions in Nagoya? Heikki Toivonen Finnish Environment Institute Ecosystem services and Biodiversity,

More information

Ecosystem services in grasslands: evidence, trade-offs and restoration. James Bullock NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology jmbul@ceh.ac.

Ecosystem services in grasslands: evidence, trade-offs and restoration. James Bullock NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology jmbul@ceh.ac. Ecosystem services in grasslands: evidence, trade-offs and restoration James Bullock NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology jmbul@ceh.ac.uk Ecosystem services definitions and types Grasslands 13% of Earth

More information

FINAL DRAFT SAINT LUCIA FOREST POLICY

FINAL DRAFT SAINT LUCIA FOREST POLICY FINAL DRAFT SAINT LUCIA FOREST POLICY Revised 29 JULY 2008 Table of Contents FOREWORD 2 BACKGROUND 3 POLICY FRAMEWORK 4 PRIORITY INSTRUMENTS 5 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6 1 FOREWORD [To be prepared by the

More information

How do Earth s surface processes and human activities affect each other?

How do Earth s surface processes and human activities affect each other? Core Idea ESS3 Vocabulary Earth and Human Activity How do Earth s surface processes and human activities affect each other? Earth human activities planetary systems resource renewable or replaceable Natural

More information

(21 January to date) ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION ACT 73 OF (Gazette No , Notice No Commencement date: 9 June 1989)

(21 January to date) ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION ACT 73 OF (Gazette No , Notice No Commencement date: 9 June 1989) (21 January 1994 - to date) ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION ACT 73 OF 1989 (Gazette No. 11927, Notice No. 1188. Commencement date: 9 June 1989) GENERAL POLICY IN TERMS OF THE ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION ACT 73 OF

More information

BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH World Environment Day June 2010 111 BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH By: Shahid Saleem Biodiversity loss and other environmental problems that the world is facing today are the products of hundreds of

More information

Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector.

Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector. Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector. Matilda Skosana Environmental Programmes (ILO Definition): 1. DEFINITION OF GREEN JOB. Jobs are green when they help reduce negative environmental

More information

Sustainability Requirements Position of an NGO. World Wide Fund for Nature Martina Fleckenstein 12. March 2010

Sustainability Requirements Position of an NGO. World Wide Fund for Nature Martina Fleckenstein 12. March 2010 Sustainability Requirements Position of an NGO World Wide Fund for Nature Martina Fleckenstein 12. March 2010 Worldwide Fund for Nature Independent foundation, founded 1961 5 mio members worldwide One

More information

Targets in the proposed SDGs framework

Targets in the proposed SDGs framework Targets in the proposed SDGs framework Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages 3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age 3.6 By 2020,

More information

AVON PRODUCTS, INC. THE AVON PAPER PROMISE

AVON PRODUCTS, INC. THE AVON PAPER PROMISE AVON PRODUCTS, INC. THE AVON PAPER PROMISE I. VISION & PREAMBLE Avon Products, Inc. recognizes that business leadership carries a responsibility to the environment and the world's forests. The global pulp

More information

6.11.2007 Official Journal of the European Union L 288/27 DIRECTIVES

6.11.2007 Official Journal of the European Union L 288/27 DIRECTIVES 6.11.2007 Official Journal of the European Union L 288/27 DIRECTIVES DIRECTIVE 2007/60/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks

More information

CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT USING PAYMENTS FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES TO RESTORE AND MAINTAIN UPLAND PEAT

CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT USING PAYMENTS FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES TO RESTORE AND MAINTAIN UPLAND PEAT CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT USING PAYMENTS FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES TO RESTORE AND MAINTAIN UPLAND PEAT There is growing interest in the potential for Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) to fund conservation

More information

Kristina Veidemane, Baltic Environmental Forum Panevezys, 12.05.2015

Kristina Veidemane, Baltic Environmental Forum Panevezys, 12.05.2015 Priority 2 Protection and restoration of biodiversity and soil and promotion of ecosystem services, including through Natura 2000, and green infrastructure Kristina Veidemane, Baltic Environmental Forum

More information

From Evidence to Action: Whole-catchment approaches to linking flood risk management and WFD measures

From Evidence to Action: Whole-catchment approaches to linking flood risk management and WFD measures From Evidence to Action: Whole-catchment approaches to linking flood risk management and WFD measures Nick Hardiman Royal Society for the Protection of Birds A wealth of research has been devoted to the

More information

Fire Management needs assessment and priority actions

Fire Management needs assessment and priority actions Needs Assessment Questionnaire Fire Management needs assessment and priority actions In the introduction of the guidelines it is said that the Principles and Strategic Actions can serve as a checklist

More information

Green Infrastructure Case Study Template

Green Infrastructure Case Study Template Green Infrastructure Case Study Template The aim of the exercise is to provide information on how the elements of the Green Infrastructure Strategy are implemented at national level and to provide case

More information

PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE PROGRESS ON CLIMATE CHANGE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR A GLOBAL AGREEMENT

PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE PROGRESS ON CLIMATE CHANGE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR A GLOBAL AGREEMENT PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE PROGRESS ON CLIMATE CHANGE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR A GLOBAL AGREEMENT Forging an effective response to climate change is one of the international community s highest priorities.

More information

Sustainable Land Management in the Global Environment Facility. GEF Role as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD

Sustainable Land Management in the Global Environment Facility. GEF Role as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD Sustainable Land Management in the Global Environment Facility GEF Role as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD GEF as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD Land Degradation Focal Area as main GEF financing window

More information

What Does Biodiversity Mean? biodiversity can be somewhat of a poor relation among environmental topics; highlighting the particular need for mainstre

What Does Biodiversity Mean? biodiversity can be somewhat of a poor relation among environmental topics; highlighting the particular need for mainstre Green Infrastructure Policy and Planning in Ireland GREEN INFRA- STRUCTURE CLIMATE CHANGE ECO-SYSTEM SERVICES BIODIVERSITY Dr Shane Colgan 27 th November 2012 What Does Biodiversity Mean? biodiversity

More information

THE CANCUN DECLARATION

THE CANCUN DECLARATION CBD Distr. GENERAL UNEP/CBD/COP/13/24 6 December 2016 CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY Thirteenth meeting Cancun, Mexico, 4-17 December 2016 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH THE CANCUN

More information

Policies and programmes to achieve food security and sustainable agriculture

Policies and programmes to achieve food security and sustainable agriculture HUNGARY Agriculture (Government focal point(s): Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Mr. Zoltán Kárpáti: tel: +361-301-3533, fax: +361-301-5949, e-mail: karpatiz@fvm.hu and Ms. Rita Francia: tel:

More information

PRESENTATION 2 MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS

PRESENTATION 2 MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS UNEP GLOBAL JUDGES PROGRAMME APPLICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW BY NATIONAL COURTS AND TRIBUNALS PRESENTATION 2 MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION A) Major environmental issues B) Responses

More information

water vortex power plants ecological power technology Modular Prefabricated Power Plants

water vortex power plants ecological power technology Modular Prefabricated Power Plants water vortex power plants ecological power technology Modular Prefabricated Power Plants A synergy of technology environment society in generating renewable energy Environmental Applications Improving

More information

General Background Information on Climate Change:

General Background Information on Climate Change: Speech by Alvaro Rodriguez, Country Director, UNDP, Pakistan Roundtable Panel discussion on Climate Change: The impact on Biodiversity and Agriculture Case Study Pakistan Wetlands Programme International

More information

Prevention of Environmental Disasters by Spatial Planning and Land Management

Prevention of Environmental Disasters by Spatial Planning and Land Management Prevention of Environmental Disasters by Spatial Planning and Land Management Theo KÖTTER, Germany Key words: SUMMARY Today's society becomes ever more rapidly vulnerable to natural disasters due to the

More information

Global Perspective to Food and Climate. The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen , Viikki

Global Perspective to Food and Climate. The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen , Viikki Global Perspective to Food and Climate The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen 28.10.2011, Viikki Contents: 1. What is food security? 2. The present global food security situation 3. The impact of

More information

R e c o v e R y P R o g R a m

R e c o v e R y P R o g R a m Missouri River R e c o v e r y P r o g r a m Missouri River Basin The Nation s River The Missouri River, the nation s longest, travels more than 2,300 miles from Three Forks, Montana, to join the Mississippi

More information

Facts on biodiversity

Facts on biodiversity Facts on biodiversity What is biodiversity? Biological diversity (biodiversity) comprises diversity of species and habitats as well as the genetic diversity within the individual species of fauna and flora.

More information

SUPPORTING FACTSHEET

SUPPORTING FACTSHEET SUPPORTING FACTSHEET 13 August 2015 Progress towards delivering Asia Pulp & Paper Group s peatland commitments OVERVIEW... 2 APP CONSERVATION MILESTONES... 2 CONTEXT... 2 Indonesia scommitment to greenhouse

More information

Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection. fact SHEET

Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection. fact SHEET Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection fact SHEET Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection Coastal

More information

A cool CAP post-2013: What measures could help adapt Cyprus farming and biodiversity to the consequences of climate change?

A cool CAP post-2013: What measures could help adapt Cyprus farming and biodiversity to the consequences of climate change? A cool CAP post-2013: What measures could help adapt Cyprus farming and biodiversity to the consequences of climate change? 26 September 2012: IFOAM EU Conference Future farming in times of climate change

More information

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to:

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to: Grade 7 Objective Students will be able to: Describe the carbon cycle in more detail: o Learn about the importance of carbon and the role it plays in photosynthesis and cellular respiration, Identify elements

More information

Submission by the Plurinational State of Bolivia March 26, 2014. The progress of the JMA in the context of the UNFCCC is the following:

Submission by the Plurinational State of Bolivia March 26, 2014. The progress of the JMA in the context of the UNFCCC is the following: Matters relating to methodological guidance for Non-market based approaches, such as joint mitigation and adaptation approaches for the integral and sustainable management of forests as established in

More information

"How can the Danube Region help to have a more competitive Europe?

How can the Danube Region help to have a more competitive Europe? "How can the Danube Region help to have a more competitive Europe? ACTIVITIES AND ADDED VALUES OF PA 4 WATER QUALITY László Perger Co-coordinator of PA4, Hungary OUTLINE Workflow model Results in Pillar

More information

The status report on German floodplains

The status report on German floodplains The status report on German floodplains KLAUS FOLLNER 1, THOMAS EHLERT, BERND NEUKIRCHEN Keywords: biodiversity, ecological network, floodplain restoration, waterways 1 Introduction Near-natural inland

More information

Introduction to protection goals, ecosystem services and roles of risk management and risk assessment. Lorraine Maltby

Introduction to protection goals, ecosystem services and roles of risk management and risk assessment. Lorraine Maltby Introduction to protection goals, ecosystem services and roles of risk management and risk assessment. Lorraine Maltby Problem formulation Risk assessment Risk management Robust and efficient environmental

More information

Technology For Adaptation. Forestry Conservation Management. Dr. Javier Aliaga Lordemann

Technology For Adaptation. Forestry Conservation Management. Dr. Javier Aliaga Lordemann Technology For Adaptation. Forestry Conservation Management Dr. Javier Aliaga Lordemann Forests has more carbon store than the currently carbon free atmosphere. By contrast, are important sources of emissions

More information

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF FORESTRY AND WATER AFFAIRS

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF FORESTRY AND WATER AFFAIRS REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF FORESTRY AND WATER AFFAIRS Turkey s position in the World Prof. Dr. Veysel EROĞLU Minister of Forestry and Water Affairs The Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, formerly

More information

The future of flood risk management in Scotland

The future of flood risk management in Scotland Scottish Environment LINK is the forum for Scotland's voluntary environment organisations representing a broad spectrum of environmental interests with the common goal of contributing to a more environmentally

More information

CHAPTER II SURFACE WATER MANAGEMENT ELEMENT

CHAPTER II SURFACE WATER MANAGEMENT ELEMENT CHAPTER II TABLE OF CONTENTS Objective 1-Master Stormwater Management Plan Implementation... 1 Objective 2- Meeting Future Needs... 5 Objective 3- Concurrency Management... 6 Objective 4- Natural Drainage

More information

Wetlands and Climate Change: Considerations for Wetland Program Managers

Wetlands and Climate Change: Considerations for Wetland Program Managers Wetlands and Climate Change: Considerations for Wetland Program Managers Association of State Wetland Managers July 2015 1 Wetlands and Climate Change: Considerations for Wetland Program Managers Association

More information

UN Biodiversity Conference results in significant commitments for action on biodiversity

UN Biodiversity Conference results in significant commitments for action on biodiversity UN Biodiversity Conference results in significant commitments for action on biodiversity Agreements reached on actions to integrate biodiversity in forestry, fisheries, agriculture, and tourism sectors

More information

A sustainable energy and climate policy for the environment, competitiveness and long-term stability

A sustainable energy and climate policy for the environment, competitiveness and long-term stability 2009-02-05 A sustainable energy and climate policy for the environment, competitiveness and long-term stability The party leaders of Alliance for Sweden entered into an agreement today on a long-term,

More information

Resolution XII.13. Wetlands and disaster risk reduction

Resolution XII.13. Wetlands and disaster risk reduction 12 th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971) Punta del Este, Uruguay, 1-9 June 2015 Resolution XII.13 Wetlands and disaster risk reduction 1. RECALLING

More information

Ellen Hey Professor of Public International Law, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Ellen Hey Professor of Public International Law, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam THE PRINCIPLE OF COMMON BUT DIFFERENTIATED RESPONSIBILITIES Ellen Hey Professor of Public International Law, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam Short summary This lecture discusses the

More information

1.7.0 Floodplain Modification Criteria

1.7.0 Floodplain Modification Criteria 1.7.0 Floodplain Modification Criteria 1.7.1 Introduction These guidelines set out standards for evaluating and processing proposed modifications of the 100- year floodplain with the following objectives:

More information

A concept for the national level

A concept for the national level Rainer Schliep rainer.schliep@tu-berlin.de www.landschaft.tu-berlin.de t li d and Landscape Development Indicators of climate change impacts on biodiversity A concept for the national level CCNCE Conference

More information

Borneo, Indonesia. InVEST Scenarios Case Study:

Borneo, Indonesia. InVEST Scenarios Case Study: InVEST Scenarios Case Study: Borneo, Indonesia Andy Dean, Thomas Barano, Nirmal Bhagabati, Emily McKenzie, Anna Van Paddenburg, Amy Rosenthal, Agus Salim excerpted from Developing Scenarios to Assess Ecosystem

More information

COUNTY OF LAMBTON OFFICIAL PLAN UPDATE BACKGROUND REPORT NO.

COUNTY OF LAMBTON OFFICIAL PLAN UPDATE BACKGROUND REPORT NO. COUNTY OF LAMBTON OFFICIAL PLAN UPDATE BACKGROUND REPORT NO. 6 RENEWABLE ENERGY Image Source: (Word Clip Art Stock Photo, 2011) Date: May, 2015 BACKGROUND PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES DEPARTMENT 789

More information

Restoration Planning and Development of a Restoration Bank

Restoration Planning and Development of a Restoration Bank Restoration Planning and Development of a Restoration Bank Black Creek Pioneer Village, South Theatre 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Habitat Restoration and Environmental Monitoring Projects Section Restoration

More information

The Biodiversity Information System for Europe - BISE -

The Biodiversity Information System for Europe - BISE - The Biodiversity Information System for Europe - BISE - Sabine Roscher Dominique Richard European Topic Centre Biological Diversity (ETC/BD) Meeting of the Group of experts on Protected Areas and ecological

More information

GREAT BARRIER REEF. Climate Change Action Plan

GREAT BARRIER REEF. Climate Change Action Plan GREAT BARRIER REEF Climate Change Action Plan 2007 2011 Climate change is now recognised as the greatest long-term threat to the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef is internationally renowned as

More information

Biodiversity Concepts

Biodiversity Concepts Biodiversity Concepts WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY? Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth. For any kind of animal or plant each individual is not exactly the same as any other; nor are species or ecosystems.

More information

Seeing the Forest for the Trees Making the Most of Synergies to Achieve SDGs in a Constrained Environment By Mahmoud Mohieldin and Paula Caballero

Seeing the Forest for the Trees Making the Most of Synergies to Achieve SDGs in a Constrained Environment By Mahmoud Mohieldin and Paula Caballero Goal 15 Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss Seeing

More information

Mapping Biotope and Sociotope for Green Infrastructure Planning in Urban Areas Wan-yu Shih, John Handley, Iain White

Mapping Biotope and Sociotope for Green Infrastructure Planning in Urban Areas Wan-yu Shih, John Handley, Iain White Wan-yu Shih, John Handley, Iain White (PhD Student Wan-yu Shih, School of Environment and Development, the University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom, Wan-yu.Shih@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk) (Professor

More information

Module EN: Developing a Reference Level for Carbon Stock Enhancements

Module EN: Developing a Reference Level for Carbon Stock Enhancements USAID LEAF TECHNICAL GUIDANCE SERIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A FOREST CARBON MONITORING SYSTEM FOR REDD+ Module EN: Developing a Reference Level for Carbon Stock Enhancements USAID LEAF TECHNICAL GUIDANCE

More information

Lao People s Democratic Republic

Lao People s Democratic Republic Lao People s Democratic Republic Country Report on the occasion of the Global Judges Symposium on Sustainable Development and the Role of Law Johannesburg, South Africa 18-20 August 2002 Strengthening

More information

ERP: Willamette-Ecosystem Services Project

ERP: Willamette-Ecosystem Services Project ERP: Willamette-Ecosystem Services Project Presented by Iris Goodman to NAS Sustainability R&D Forum October 17-18, 2007 Conserving ecosystem services through proactive decision-making making Linking Human

More information

MINISTERIAL MEETING OF THE BLUE WEEK 2015

MINISTERIAL MEETING OF THE BLUE WEEK 2015 5 JUNE 2015 MINISTERIAL MEETING OF THE BLUE WEEK 2015 We, Ministers responsible for Ocean/ Fisheries/ Maritime Affairs, having met in Lisbon on June the 5 th, 2015, at the invitation of the Minister of

More information

Summary of the costs assessment for mitigation and adaptation needs in the in the area of Climate Change in Mali «NEEDs»

Summary of the costs assessment for mitigation and adaptation needs in the in the area of Climate Change in Mali «NEEDs» Summary of the costs assessment for mitigation and adaptation needs in the in the area of Climate Change in Mali «NEEDs» Octobre,29 National Directorate of Meteorology of Mali Ministry of Equipment and

More information

EU China River Basin Management Programme

EU China River Basin Management Programme Ministry of Water Resources Ministry of Environmental Protection EU China River Basin Management Programme Technical Report 075 Water Resource Supply Security Strategy Analysis Ben Piper, Zhang Wang and

More information

VIENNA RESOLUTION 4 CONSERVING AND ENHANCING FOREST BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN EUROPE

VIENNA RESOLUTION 4 CONSERVING AND ENHANCING FOREST BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN EUROPE FOURTH MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON THE PROTECTION OF FORESTS IN EUROPE 28 30 April 2003, Vienna, Austria VIENNA RESOLUTION 4 CONSERVING AND ENHANCING FOREST BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN EUROPE 1. Recognising

More information

JOINT WORK PROGRAM FOR THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES FUND AND SPECIAL CLIMATE CHANGE FUND. GEF/LDCF.SCCF.19/04 September 28, 2015

JOINT WORK PROGRAM FOR THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES FUND AND SPECIAL CLIMATE CHANGE FUND. GEF/LDCF.SCCF.19/04 September 28, 2015 19 th LDCF/SCCF Council Meeting October 22, 2015 Washington, D.C. GEF/LDCF.SCCF.19/04 September 28, 2015 Agenda Item 04 JOINT WORK PROGRAM FOR THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES FUND AND SPECIAL CLIMATE CHANGE

More information

WATER: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Syllabus

WATER: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Syllabus WATER: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Syllabus Course Title Water: Environmental Science Course Description Central to all ecosystems, water is essential to life as we know it. It shapes our planet on every level,

More information

Waste disposal, recycling and land reclamation

Waste disposal, recycling and land reclamation ACTIVITY BRIEF Waste disposal, recycling and land reclamation The science at work Human activity has led to the generation of increasing amounts of waste. All of this has to be disposed of is some way.

More information

Water resources. The main problems of pollution that need to be addressed in the country are the following:

Water resources. The main problems of pollution that need to be addressed in the country are the following: Translated from Spanish Water resources 1. The issue of water resources At the present time, sustainable standards for the development and use of water resources are not maintained in many parts of the

More information

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Arguments for our Future Environment

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Arguments for our Future Environment Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Arguments for our Future Environment How have we advanced our understanding of the links between biodiversity, ecosystem functions and ecosystem services? The issue

More information

Towards sustainable and strategic management of water resources

Towards sustainable and strategic management of water resources European Union Regional Policy ntrum fur -^t- 111/ Towards sustainable and strategic management of water resources European Commission Bibliothek Wasser und Umwelt (TU Darm stadt) Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

More information

HORTOBAGY SODIC LAKES - Restoration of sodic lake sub-type of the Pannonic salt steppe and marsh habitat in the Hortobágy LIFE07 NAT/H/000324

HORTOBAGY SODIC LAKES - Restoration of sodic lake sub-type of the Pannonic salt steppe and marsh habitat in the Hortobágy LIFE07 NAT/H/000324 HORTOBAGY SODIC LAKES - Restoration of sodic lake sub-type of the Pannonic salt steppe and marsh habitat in the Hortobágy LIFE07 NAT/H/000324 Project description Environmental issues Beneficiaries Administrative

More information

INDONESIA - LAW ON WATER RESOURCES,

INDONESIA - LAW ON WATER RESOURCES, Environment and Development Journal Law LEAD INDONESIA - LAW ON WATER RESOURCES, 2004 VOLUME 2/1 LEAD Journal (Law, Environment and Development Journal) is a peer-reviewed academic publication based in

More information

Co-creation progress update and an invitation to respond. Overview of ideas from co-creation activities towards a Climate Ready UK...

Co-creation progress update and an invitation to respond. Overview of ideas from co-creation activities towards a Climate Ready UK... Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Climate Ready Co-creation progress update and an invitation to respond July 2012 Contents Overview of ideas from co-creation activities towards a Climate

More information

Greening REDD+ Challenges and opportunities for forest biodiversity conservation. Workshop summary

Greening REDD+ Challenges and opportunities for forest biodiversity conservation. Workshop summary Greening REDD+ Challenges and opportunities for forest biodiversity conservation Workshop summary D. Benick 1 *, S. Entenmann 2 *, T. Pistorius 1, C.B. Schmitt 2 1 Institute of Forest and Environmental

More information

Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINCs). Guidelines for their Identification, Selection and Designation

Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINCs). Guidelines for their Identification, Selection and Designation Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINCs). Guidelines for their Identification, Selection and Designation Isle of Wight Biodiversity Partnership August 2010 1. Introduction 1.1 This document

More information

Long Term Challenges for Tidal Estuaries

Long Term Challenges for Tidal Estuaries A view from a former tidal river manager expert with experience from 6 decades living at, with and from the Tidal River Elbe chairman of the European Interreg Project TIDE (Tidal River Development) Land

More information

Position of the International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC)* on current Climate Change negotiations. Bonn, Germany, June 2010

Position of the International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC)* on current Climate Change negotiations. Bonn, Germany, June 2010 Position of the International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC)* on current Climate Change negotiations Bonn, Germany, June 2010 GENERAL PRINCIPLES The IIPFCC, gathered in Bonn on the

More information