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1 Teaching Reading Essentials: Video Demonstrations of Small-Group Interventions OVERVIEW Fully aligned with and This is the professional development you ve been asking for! TM Sopris West

2 Educating Our Teachers In May of 2006, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) released a landmark study taking education colleges and universities to task for not adequately preparing their students to teach. Despite setting an admittedly low bar mere mention of the five components of reading in a scientifically based context the NCTQ found that only 15 percent of the education schools it evaluated met its criteria (the purple bar). HOW MUCH OF THE READING SCIENCE ARE EDUCATION SCHOOLS TEACHING? Number of institutions 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% FAILED UNCLEAR but no total score* Evidence of science Total number of institutions in sample = 72 * These schools failed, but a total score could not be computed. Along with LETRS (Language Essentials for Teachers of Reading and Spelling), Teaching Reading Essentials bridges the gap. Teaching Reading Essentials unscripted video demonstrations of research-based small-group interventions provide teachers with valuable professional development that is purposefully structured around the five components of reading and the DIBELS (Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills) assessment measures. Teaching Reading Essentials (800)

3 Dear Colleague, Teaching reading is the most important task of any elementary teacher, but it s also complicated. Not only is a good lesson supposed to address five essential components of reading (phoneme awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension) according to consensus reports, but it should also foster oral language and writing development. An expert teacher integrates all these strands into a seamless, fluent whole. In the first decades of my career, I was licensed several times over and earned advanced degrees, but I never felt as if I were an expert teacher. There were always children who did not respond to my best-planned lessons, and there were always aspects of instruction I needed to improve. I remember wanting to watch other good teachers and learn from them. The Teaching Reading Essentials demonstration videos were developed for every teacher who has felt the same way. Teaching Reading Essentials was created for teachers who are striving to improve their instruction or reach students who are challenging to teach. The videos feature K 3 students with various instructional needs, as determined by DIBELS and other screening tests. The lessons are organized by the important components of instruction and the progression of reading development. The teachers are strong in different ways. The video demonstrations are authentic not rehearsed, not doctored, and not redone. We enjoyed putting these together and sincerely hope you will find them interesting and useful. Louisa Moats Louisa Moats, Ed.D. Teaching Reading Essentials

4 Meet the Authors Louisa Moats, Ed.D., is well-known for her publications on reading instruction, the professional development of teachers, and the relationship between language, reading, and spelling. She has published in many peer-reviewed journals and written numerous books and book chapters. Moats authored the American Federation of Teachers Teaching Reading Is Rocket Science, Learning First Alliance s Every Child Reading: A Professional Development Guide, and The Reading First Leadership Academy s Professional Development Blueprint. Her professional development program, LETRS (Language Essentials for Teachers of Reading and Spelling), with which the lessons in Teaching Reading Essentials are aligned, evolved from Moats many years of experience teaching classroom teachers and reading specialists in graduate programs and in school systems. Linda Farrell, MBA, is a partner and reading specialist with the Really Great Reading Company. She provides professional development for educators around the country. In addition, she develops products for beginning and struggling readers. Linda designed the letter tiles used in the Teaching Reading Essentials videos. She also developed the Beginning and Advanced Decoding Surveys included in LETRS and in the Teaching Reading Essentials Program Guide. Farrell is a national LETRS trainer for Sopris West and coauthor of DIBELS: A Practical Manual. She received a Volunteer of the Year award in the District of Columbia for her efforts in the field of adult literacy. Teaching Reading Essentials (800)

5 Teaching Reading Essentials is an innovative professional development program designed to support instructors in several ways: 1. Helping teachers implement research-based reading instruction 2. Providing tools for coaching and follow-up to professional development 3. Serving as a constant resource for teachers by reducing the time and expense required for in-person professional development This powerful series of 58 video demonstrations brings teaching routines for basic reading, spelling, and writing instruction to life. The demonstrations feature small group instruction of children who perform below benchmark on the DIBELS measures or who struggle with reading for any reason. The concept is simple: Watch experienced teachers use methods aligned with the research-driven models of reading instruction and witness learning in action. Then, based on the needs of your students, put these proven reading strategies to work in your own classroom and enhance the effectiveness of your core comprehensive reading program. The DVD set covers the five essential components of reading and much more as the demonstrations include a strong emphasis on language development and the relationship between written expression and reading. To add further depth and value, the Teaching Reading Essentials video library includes 19 professional development sessions led by Moats with participation from several practicing educators. Watch the groups react to the demonstrations and discuss how to incorporate the Teaching Reading Essentials concepts and strategies into your own instruction. These segments can be used as a model for your own staff trainings. This amazing resource was developed to be used as needed to target specific reading or writing skills. It aligns with the DIBELS measures and is organized under five areas of instruction: Part 1. Teaching Letters, Sounds, and Sense Part 2. Teaching Phoneme Awareness Part 3. Teaching Beginning Reading and Writing Part 4. Teaching Advanced Phonics Part 5. Teaching Vocabulary and Comprehension Demonstrations are aligned with measures. Teaching Reading Essentials

6 How to Use Teaching Reading Essentials 1 Choose the Part based on your students needs 2 Watch the Introduction 3 Choose a Demonstration Video to watch with your team or on your own Don t forget to watch the Professional Development Session, if available 4 Letter KnowLedge Part 1 demonstration 7 Letter naming Familiarity with letters, gained by many opportunities to work with manipulative materials, and letter naming accuracy must precede any fluency drill. Drills must be very brief and game-like. 5 Use the Program Guide to implement the Demonstration in your class Lesson Component: Letter knowledge. objective: Students will fluently name all upper- and lowercase letters in random order. Materials: Letter flash cards. Letter speed drills randomly ordered uppercase, lowercase, or both. Uppercase and lowercase sets of plastic letters. Instructional Procedure Flash Card drill: Shuffle uppercase, lowercase, or mixed-case letter flash card deck. Ask students to name as many letters as they can in one minute. Keep track of any incorrect responses and re-teach those letters. Have students practice the drill in pairs, taking turns being the teacher. Time students while they place all plastic letters in order on the alphabet arc. Take one letter away while students hide their eyes, and see how quickly they can identify the missing letter. Instructional Procedure one-minute Speed drill: Pair students and have them name letters in random order. Each partner takes a turn being the teacher and checking the accuracy of the other partner s letter naming. Scaffolding technique b/d Confusion: When proficiency is achieved, stop the practice! Hold your hands in front of you, with your palms facing you. Form two fists, leaving your thumbs pointing up. Hold your fists together. Show students that this formation looks like a bed, with your left hand forming the shape of the letter b and your right hand forming the shape of the letter d. Students can check whether a letter is a b or d by holding the appropriate fist next to the print. talking Points for Professional development: } What other techniques do you know to help children discriminate between b and d? } How can you ensure that students use their left hand to use the b recognition technique? Part 1 Teaching Reading Essentials Teaching Reading Essentials (800)

7 Part 1 Content and Navigation DVD Navigation Part 1: Teaching Letters, Sounds, and Sense For students who are below benchmark on DIBELS ISF and LNF. Demonstration Video Activity Name Page Time (minutes) Phonological Awareness Introduction to Part 1 29:49 1 Bilingual Scaffolding 10 4:21 2 Syllable Blending 11 4:09 3 Syllable Substitution 12 2:41 4 Onset and Rime 5 Producing Rhyming Words Letter Knowledge 6 Alphabet Sequence 17 4:51 7 Letter Naming 18 3:03 8 Letter Formation Concepts of Print 9 Print-Related Vocabulary :53 6:46 5:03 8:25 4:52 10:18 10:50 6:12 10 One-to-One Correspondence 24 10:17 11 Does It Make Sense? 27 8:10 Teaching Reading Essentials

8 Part 2 Content and Navigation DVD Navigation Part 2: Teaching Phoneme Awareness For students who are below benchmark on DIBELS PSF. Demonstration Video Activity Name Page Time (minutes) Single Phonemes Introduction to Part 2 22:06 1 Speech Sounds With Gestures 32 11:37 2 Tracking Single Phonemes 34 12:56 3 Beginning Phonemes Segmentation and Blending 4 Ending Phonemes 40 6:55 5 Blending Phonemes 43 4:36 6 Segmenting Phonemes 7 Sound Chains 49 4:37 8 Sound Boxes With Print :34 6:16 4:03 5:41 7:51 9:07 Teaching Reading Essentials (800)

9 Part 3 Content and Navigation DVD Navigation (delivered on two discs) Part 3: Teaching Beginning Reading and Writing For students who are below benchmark on DIBELS NWF and ORF. Demonstration Video Activity Name Page Time (minutes) Introduction to Part 3 21:12 Basic Routines 1 Heart Words 59 10:42 2 Short Vowel Sounds 61 9:38 12:24 3 Letter-Sound Correspondence 63 5:38 4 Spelling Chains 65 8:14 A Complete Phonics Lesson on Short i Words 5 Phonemic Workout 67 3:12 6 Introducing New Letter Sounds 68 4:59 7 Building Real Words 70 8:03 8:34 8 Nonsense Words 72 5:22 9 The Question and Answer Game 73 5:08 10 Reading Word Patterns 74 4:03 11 Reading Nonsense Words 75 2:29 12 Fluency Builder 76 5:00 13 Reading Sentences 77 4:59 6:13 14 Dictation 79 9:11 15 Reading Decodable Books 81 2:24 Teaching Spelling Patterns 16 Word Sorting With -ck 83 8:05 9:01 17 Consonant Blends 85 7:34 Fluency and Comprehension Decodable Text 18 Alternate Oral Reading 87 14:33 19 Choral Reading 89 12:07 5:08 20 Word Recognition Strategy 91 15:34 17:51 Fluency and Comprehension Leveled Text 21 Phrasing 93 9:38 22 Partner Reading 95 16:34 10:02 23 Fluency Practice 97 7:52 Supported Writing 24 Supported Group Writing 99 14:19 12:45 25 Supported Independent Writing :32 Comprehensive, Integrated Lesson 26 Comprehensive Lesson: Reading Decodable Text :10 19:48 Teaching Reading Essentials

10 Part 4 Content and Navigation DVD Navigation Part 4: Teaching Advanced Phonics For students who are below benchmark on DIBELS ORF. Demonstration Video Activity Name Page Time (minutes) Introducing Critical Concepts Introduction to Part 4 12:29 1 Suffix -ed :19 15:04 2 Multisyllabic Words 108 8:02 3 Understanding Schwa :17 Vowel-Consonant-e (VCe) 4 Teaching Magic e :06 More Syllable Patterns 5 Multisyllabic Words With Magic e :21 6 Spellings for /er/ :57 Multiple Spellings for a Long Vowel 7 Fluency: Long o :31 10 Teaching Reading Essentials (800)

11 Part 5 Content and Navigation DVD Navigation For all students Part 5: Teaching Vocabulary and Comprehension Demonstration Video Activity Name Page Time (minutes) Introduction to Part 5 12:29 Word Meaning Activities 1 Categorizing Words 125 8:25 2 Multiple Meanings :05 3 Scaling Words 130 2:26 4 Introducing Morphemes :24 6:17 Integrated Lessons 5 Comprehension Strategies :05 21:08 6 Supported Writing :47 Teaching Reading Essentials 11

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