VERBS Created with love by: Teacher Zoe Marie Benitez

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1 VERBS Created with love by: Teacher Zoe Marie Benitez

2 Action There are different kinds of Verbs: Main and Helping Present tense Past tense Future tense Irregular

3 Action Verbs A Verb is a word that can show action. When a Verb tells what people or things do, it is called an Action Verb. Examples: Janet called her friend last night. Lucas helps his mother with the dishes. Camille and Daniel walk to school every day.

4 Exercise

5 Main Verbs and Helping Verbs A Verb may be more than one word. All the verbs in the sentence make up the Verb Phrase. The Main Verb is the most important Verb. The Helping Verb works together with the main verb. Clue: It comes before the main verb (action verb = main verb). To identify the Helping Verb, you must first find the action verb.

6 Harry Helping Verb: Hi, I m Harry Helping Verb, and I m so helpful that I will help you learn the 23 Helping Verbs by telling you a story. The title of the story is Old Mr. Do. Like some stories, this story has a moral. The moral is: Maybe Mr. Do should have a will. Read on and you will see why!!!

7 Once upon a time there was a wealthy merchant named Mr. Do. Mr. Do was very old and very rich. His many relatives were dreaming of the day the old man would die. They wondered which one of them would inherit his money. Finally, one day Mr. Do did die. All the relatives searched his house for a will. They didn t find one. They searched his house three times. They still did not find a will. The relatives did not get one dime of Mr. Do s fortune. ** The moral: May be Mr. Do should have a will.

8 May be Mr. Do should have a will. Just remember the above sentence and you will know how to set up a chart of the 23 helping verbs! The largest family is the BE family with 8 members. The other 5 families have 3 members each. may might must be being been am is are was were do does did should could would have has had will can shall

9 Exercise: Click on the link for more! tivity/verb_power/index_pre.html What will happen to the food? Uncle Ray has fixed the car. She will need a new oven. The lady had asked for pancakes. Mom will handle everything. Everyone has signed the card. We are taking classes today. Now she is going to school. Jack and Taylor are painting the house.

10 Verb Tenses Verbs tell about time. There are verbs that tell about things that happen now. Those are called Present Tense Verbs. There are verbs that tell about things that already happened. Those are called Past Tense Verbs. There are verbs that tell about things that we hope will happen. Those are called Future Tense Verbs.

11 Present Tense Verbs These kinds of verbs tell about things that happen now. You need to add s or es to most present tense verbs to make them agree with a singular subject. Present tense with singular Subjects Rules: 1. For most verbs: Add s 2. For verbs that end with: s,x,z,ch,or sh: Add -es 3. For a verb that ends with a consonant and y: Change the y to i Add -es Examples want / wants fix / fixes teach / teaches miss / misses study/ studies fly / flies Try it Janette a new book. The coach the net. Brenda the ball. She for her test.

12 Exercise Complete this exercise in your notebook.

13 Spelling the Past

14 Exercise

15 The Past with Helping Verbs Remember that regular present tense verbs are changed to the Past tense by adding ed at the end. talk / talked Sometimes you are going to need a helping verb to show the Past tense Use the helping verbs has, had, or have with the past form to show that something has already happened. With Singular Subjects, use has or had. With Plural Subjects, use have or had. She has traveled to California. We have stepped out of the room.

16 Exercise Identify the Verb Phrase 1. Our class had visited a museum last week. 2. Robert Johnson had created the museum. 3. He has collected rare objects. 4. Famous museums had traded objects with him. 5. Mr. Johnson has copied old machines. 6. Judges have awarded him different prizes.

17 Present Past Past with has, have, had

18 Try it:

19 The Special Verb Be The Verb Be has special forms for different subjects.

20 The Verb be The verb be has special forms for different subjects. It does not show action. It tells what someone or something is or is like. Subject Present Past I am was This table shows you how to use the verb be in the present and the past tenses. you are were he, she, it is was Singular noun is was we are were they are were Plural noun are were

21 Exercise:

22

23 Exercise:

24 Contractions with Not Sometimes you can join a verb with the word not. When this is done, it is called a contraction. An apostrophe takes the place of the letter o. WORDS is not are not was not were not have not has not had not will not would not do not does not did not cannot could not should not CONTRACTION isn't aren't wasn't weren't haven't hasn't hadn't won't wouldn't don't doesn't didn't can't couldn't shouldn't

25 Try it!

26 Complete this exercise in your notebook. 1. You stay up too late. (should not) 2. We go to the movies. (cannot) 3. Harry watch television last night. (could not) 4. He done his homework. (had not) 5. He ready for the quiz. (was not) **Remember to substitute the o with an apostrophe 6. Harry do it again! (will not) 7. learning fun? (is not) 8. I miss school for anything. (would not) 9. Miriam like to study. (does not) 10. I hear the teacher. (did not)

27 Try these games!! ds.com/vocabulary_games/co ntractions.html ds.com/vocabularygames/contractions/contracti on-memory-match.html

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