Non Domestic energy consumption 2013 Kent Local Authorities (Previously Industrial & Commercial energy use)

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1 [Business Intelligence Statistical Bulletin June 2015 Non Domestic energy consumption 2013 Kent Local Authorities (Previously Industrial & Commercial energy use) Related documents Domestic energy consumption Commercial Information monitoring Climate Change Act Environmental Policies Note; In this bulletin Kent refers to the Kent County Council (KCC) area which excludes Medway. This bulletin presents the 2013 gas and electricity energy consumption for non domestic users in local authority districts in Kent. The series previously published as Industrial and Commercial energy consumption has been revised and published by the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC). Climate change and the Earth s resources have become a high profile issue. Individuals, households, businesses, organisations and interest groups are currently faced with increasing pressure from regulators and pressure groups to improve energy consumption and environmental performance. Further details can be found on page 8 of this bulletin Further information Business Intelligence Research & Evaluation Kent County Council Sessions House Maidstone Kent ME14 1XQ Tel: Total non domestic energy consumption (gas and electricity together) in Kent, during 2013, was estimated to be 664,037 kwh per consumer unit. This is 5.7% higher than the previous year and 15.0% lower than 5 years ago. Nationally consumption changed by -2.2% and +3.2% respectively over the same period. The total non domestic energy consumption for each gas consumer unit (meter) in Kent during 2013 was estimated to be 597,878 kwh. This is 4.2% lower than the previous year and 25.6% lower than 5 years ago. The total non domestic energy consumption for each electricity consumer unit (meter) in Kent during 2013 was estimated to be 66,159 kwh. This is 1.8% more than the previous year and 6.3% lower than 5 years ago.

2 Non Domestic energy total consumption summary The total energy consumption per non domestic consumer units in Kent (KCC area) during 2013 was estimated to be 664,037 kwh (gas and electricity taken together). This is a 5.7% rise on the previous year. However, it is lower than the national average for England which was 716,576 kwh. (Table 1). Consumption varied across the county with non domestic users in Gravesham district using an average 1,605,186 kwh of which 94% was gas energy; in contrast to Sevenoaks district where average consumption was 271,803 kwh of which 83% was gas. The average for the Medway area was 507,522 kwh (Table 1). Average gas consumption per non domestic meter in Kent, measured in kwh, was 9.04 times electricity consumption; 597,878 kwh of gas compared to 66,159 kwh of electricity (Table 1). Non Domestic energy gas consumption summary Three local authority districts across the county (Ashford, Gravesham and Shepway) have seen increases in the amount of gas energy used compared to the previous year. However, over a five year period non domestic use in Dover district has been reduced by 71%; nationally there has been an increase of 4% (Table 2). Three of the twelve Kent districts (Dover, Gravesham and Swale) were above the National average (642,539 kwh) for gas consumption (Table 2). In 2013 there were 5,813 non domestic gas meters in Kent (KCC area) compared to 57,240 electricity meters (Tables 3 and 5). Non Domestic energy electricity consumption summary Average electricity consumption per consumer unit in Kent was 66,159 kwh of electricity. This is 1.8% higher than the previous year, however, it is about 11% lower than the national average (74,037 kwh) (Table 4). Six local authority districts across the county (Canterbury, Dartford, Gravesham, Sevenoaks, Shepway and Tunbridge Wells) have seen reductions in the amount of electricity energy used compared to the previous year. In addition one district (Tonbridge and Malling) showed almost no change (Table 4). Seven of the twelve Kent districts (Ashford, Canterbury, Dover, Shepway, Thanet and Tunbridge Wells were below the National average (74,037 kwh) for electricity consumption (Table 4). Page 2

3 Table 1 Kent: Average Non Domestic* energy consumption per consumer unit (kwh) 2013 Source: DECC Presented by Business Inteligence Kent County Council Average consumption (kwh) sales per consumer unit Gas Electricity Total (kwh) kwh % kwh % kwh Ashford 469, , ,549 Canterbury 500, , ,771 Dartford 396, , ,195 Dover 693, , ,488 Gravesham 1,503, , ,605,186 Maidstone 395, , ,136 Sevenoaks 225, , ,803 Shepway 303, , ,107 Swale** 1,365, , ,450,722 Thanet 615, , ,516 Tonbridge & Malling** 420, , ,569 Tunbridge Wells 285, , ,401 Kent (KCC area) 597, , ,037 Medway** 448, , ,522 South East 455, , ,808 England 642, , ,576 * Previously called Commercial & Industrial, name change in 2012 to non-domestic user. ** This area contains at least one major power station or large industrial consumer whose consumption has not been included in the data. Page 3

4 Table 2 Kent: Average Non Domestic* gas sales (kwh) Source: DECC Presented by Business Inteligence Kent County Council Average Non-domestic consumption (kwh) sales per consumer unit Ashford 474, , , , , , , , ,895 Canterbury 452, , , , , , , , ,407 Dartford 1,022,094 1,024,688 1,133,857 1,171, , , , , ,165 Dover 1,620,255 1,164,962 1,249,500 2,439, , , , , ,662 Gravesham 954,086 1,116,354 1,176,872 1,229,715 1,332,087 1,382,861 1,411,973 1,471,700 1,503,385 Maidstone 378, , , , , , , , ,142 Sevenoaks 214, , , , , , , , ,035 Shepway 271, , , , , , , , ,942 Swale** 1,394,607 1,621,577 1,923,888 1,598,622 1,469,114 5,510,341 5,346,913 1,475,354 1,365,907 Thanet 291, , , , , , , , ,736 Tonbridge & Malling** 473, , , , , , , , ,180 Tunbridge Wells 262, , , , , , , , ,081 Kent (KCC area) 650, , , , , , , , ,878 Medway** 373, , , , , , , , ,024 South East 506, , , , , , , , ,026 England 623, , , , , , , , ,539 * Previously called Commercial & Industrial, name change in 2012 to 'Non-domestic' user. ** Contains at least one major power station or large industrial consumer whose consumption has not been included in the data. The gas year runs from 1st October to 30th September and data is weather normalised Page 4

5 Table 3 Kent: Average Non Domestic* number of gas consumer units Source: DECC Presented by Business Inteligence Kent County Council Number of Non-domestic* gas meters Ashford Canterbury Dartford Dover Gravesham Maidstone Sevenoaks Shepway Swale** Thanet Tonbridge & Malling** Tunbridge Wells Kent (KCC area) 8,470 8,088 7,455 6,919 6,129 6,093 5,880 5,720 5,813 Medway 1,153 1, South East 58,644 56,033 52,414 48,155 42,551 41,931 40,350 39,926 40,038 England 347, , , , , , , , ,169 * Previously called Commercial & Industrial, name change in 2012 to 'Non-domestic' user. ** Contains at least one major power station or large industrial consumer whose consumption has not been included in the data. The gas year runs from 1st October to 30th September and data is weather normalised Page 5

6 Table 4 Kent: Average Non Domestic* electricity sales (kwh) Source: DECC Presented by Business Inteligence Kent County Council Average Non-domestic consumption (kwh) sales per consumer unit Ashford 53,236 53,922 54,807 57,760 58,058 56,434 52,244 56,397 57,654 Canterbury 51,612 52,785 51,763 54,190 55,314 56,263 54,538 54,483 53,364 Dartford 94,273 96,763 87,121 91,544 88,014 82,714 80,113 80,227 80,030 Dover 55,798 52,839 52,716 53,237 47,904 51,638 53,615 55,793 57,826 Gravesham 111, , , ,699 76,233 73,797 70, , ,801 Maidstone 66,965 70,104 70,245 69,636 68,132 69,824 68,443 65,845 78,994 Sevenoaks 47,678 48,638 47,329 50,617 48,669 48,189 47,818 47,558 46,768 Shepway 90,422 91,743 85,789 62,054 54,527 55,208 53,788 53,609 51,165 Swale** 112, , , , , , ,595 81,432 84,815 Thanet 42,507 43,776 45,113 46,116 46,254 60,272 48,404 48,682 50,780 Tonbridge & Malling** 67,364 69,873 68,621 76,492 74,448 80,825 80,923 74,434 74,389 Tunbridge Wells 54,500 53,555 50,110 51,908 52,236 55,561 56,458 56,806 56,320 Kent (KCC area) 67,989 74,834 73,554 70,579 67,303 71,042 68,077 64,973 66,159 Medway** 67,006 67,351 66,226 66,266 63,488 64,181 58,794 60,257 59,498 South East 71,785 73,069 71,499 71,984 70,434 71,429 68,765 68,698 68,782 England 80,541 80,982 78,068 78,535 74,934 76,393 72,416 73,832 74,037 * Previously called Commercial & Industrial, name change in 2012 to 'Non-domestic' user. ** Contains at least one major power station or large industrial consumer whose consumption is not included. Page 6

7 Table 5 Kent: Average Non Domestic* Electricity consumer units Source: DECC Presented by Business Inteligence Kent County Council Number of Non-domestic* electricity meters (thousands) Ashford Canterbury Dartford Dover Gravesham Maidstone Sevenoaks Shepway Swale** Thanet Tonbridge & Malling** Tunbridge Wells Kent (KCC area) Medway South East England * Previously called Commercial & Industrial, name change in 2012 to 'Non-domestic' user. ** Contains at least one major power station or large industrial consumer whose consumption is not included. Page 7

8 Background information on domestic energy consumption Businesses, individuals, organisations and interest groups are currently faced with increasing pressure from regulators and pressure groups to improve environmental performance. Climate change has become a high profile issue with the UK Government setting a framework for CO 2 reduction up to 2050 through the Climate Change Act 2008 (amended 2010). Generally people are aware of greenhouse gases and that they are found naturally in air. They include carbon dioxide (approx 80% of the total greenhouse gasses), methane (10%), nitrous oxide (6%) and fluorocarbons (5%). These gases trap heat in the atmosphere and keep the earth's surface much warmer than it would be if there was no atmosphere. This warming is known as the greenhouse effect. In the last 200 years, the amount of greenhouse gases in the air has been increasing. The biggest contribution to global warming is carbon dioxide. The way we use energy in buildings causes emissions of carbon. The energy we use for heating, lighting and power in homes produces over 25% of the nation s carbon dioxide emissions, other buildings produce a further one-sixth (17%). However, energy efficiency isn t just about saving the planet s resources and climate change. It is also about saving money. As a result, energy efficiency in the home is one of the Government s main areas of focus for action on climate change. Sources of information Department for the Environment Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG) Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Measuring and monitoring emissions Measuring, monitoring and comparing energy consumption is relatively new. Statistics at local authority level which provide a time series and enable comparisons between local authorities have, in some instances, particularly for the gas and electricity industries only recently been published. Please note information should be used only as a guide as some of the information is estimated, albeit in the most scientific manner. kwh The kilowatt hour, (symbol kwh) is a unit of energy equal to 1,000 watt hours. The kilowatt hour is most commonly known as a billing unit for energy delivered to consumers by electricity utility companies. For example: A heater rated at 1,000 watts (1 kilowatt), operating for one hour uses one kilowatt hour of energy. Also, using a 60 watt light bulb for one hour consumes 0.06 kilowatt hours of electricity. Alternatively using a 60 watt light bulb for one thousand hours consumes 60 kilowatt hours of electricity. Energy is not measured in kilowatts, but in kilowatt hours (kwh). Mixing up the two units is a very common mistake. 1,000 kwh is tonnes of oil equivalent Page 8

9 1ktoe Is one thousand tonnes of oil equivalent. 1ktoe is 11,630,000 kwh Average domestic energy bill On most energy comparison websites there are quotes for the average electricity bill for households around the UK. This is derived from set figures that the energy regulator ofgem (Office of the Gas and Electricity Markets) have provided for electricity suppliers to use. It is basic in its measure and is as follows: Average electricity usage 3,300 kwh for single rate electricity averaged across all regions and average gas usage of 20,500 kwh. Most companies will then quote prices for paying by monthly direct debit, which generally lowers the charges. The current rate for British Gas standard tariff, for dual fuel, works out to be a yearly bill of around 1,300. Formula used to convert gas meter readings to kilowatt hours (kwh) Electricity meters usually show the amount of electricity consumed in kwh. The provider then bills directly for that usage. However, gas meters cannot show the amount of energy consumed, just the amount of gas which has passed through. This is measured in hundreds of cubic feet, or cubic meters if a new metric meter has been installed. For billing purposes this has to be converted to kwh by a formula. A key element of this formula is the calorific value of the gas. This is a number relating to the amount of heat obtained if a certain amount of the gas is burnt. This number can change daily, but generally has a value between 37 and 44. Any regional variations will only make a small difference to a gas bill. The formula used to convert gas meter readings to kwh is generally to take the units used as recorded by the meter and: Multiply by the metric conversion factor 2.83 (If there is a newer metric meter measuring gas in cubic metres you do not need to do this) Multiply by the volume conversion factor Multiply by the calorific value which is currently 39.4 in SE region Divide by the conversion factor 3.6 to get the number of kilowatt hours (kwh). The data The data analysed in this document are based on the aggregation of Meter Point Administration Number (MPAN) readings throughout Great Britain obtained as part of DECC s annual meter point electricity data collection exercise. Across Great Britain, 37 per cent of electricity is estimated to be consumed in the domestic sector, and 63 per cent by the non-domestic sector (compared with 92 per cent of meters in the domestic sector and 8 per cent in the nondomestic sector). However, the split varies across the regions of Great Britain. Domestic consumption accounted for 32 per cent of total electricity consumption in Greater London and 43 per cent in the South West. Page 9

10 Approximately 10 per cent of households in Great Britain are not connected to the gas grid; however the proportions vary across each region. The South West and Scotland had the highest proportion of properties without a gas meter (20 per cent and 18 per cent respectively). In the North East and North West only around four per cent of households are not connected to the gas network. There are no hard and fast conventions as to why some areas use more or less energy than other areas. A number of factors may be at play when it comes to energy use. The size of the property, amount of insulation (walls, roof and windows), income available, employment opportunities, old or new property types, household size, household appliances, type of household, town centre or rural location, geographical location (eg hillside or coastal etc). Further research investigations would be required to establish conclusive reasons for differing energy use. Historically, local authority level statistics have been published by a domestic/non-domestic split. A further breakdown of the domestic sector has now been published providing information by type of domestic meter (standard and Economy 7). The DECC have had feedback that it would be helpful to include the median as well as mean in the published statistics. The DECC have included the median in their published data from The mean is a useful indicator of changes in consumption behaviour over time, however it does not represent the typical consumption or take into account the spread of the data. Energy use at local authority level could vary and fluctuate depending on the type, size and demand of various goods and services. Larger companies may install their own energy schemes or shut down uneconomic manufacturing plants, all of which will affect the amount of energy used from one year to the next. Further information or data at small area level please contact the DECC or KCC Business Intelligence Use of the Data This bulletin is one of a series on different topics. The data are used for a variety of purposes; generally as evidence and intelligence to monitor and support Kent County Councils (KCC) business performance. The information is also used to support KCC projects, policies and initiatives such as in the formulation of policy, monitoring resources, answering questions, queries and benchmarking against other authorities. The various bulletins are used by and distributed to Kent Local Authority planning policy teams, KCC household population forecasting, KCC district profiles dashboard, KCC Education department, KCC Locate in Kent, the Kent Housing Group (KHG) and the Kent Developers Group (KDG). Page 10

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