1 Domestic Energy Prices: Data sources and methodology 1. Introduction 1.1 Background Domestic Energy Prices Statistics Domestic price statistics provide important information for monitoring the energy market. They are used to measure the rises and falls in gas and electricity prices and the effect this has on domestic energy bills, including effects on prices from any changes to competition within the market. UK domestic energy prices are compared with prices in other countries to measure the competitiveness of the UK and monitor the effects of liberalising energy markets across the EU. Domestic energy prices data are also used to inform the estimates of Fuel Poverty and domestic energy price projections. 1.2 Background Domestic Energy Market The domestic gas market was opened to competition in stages between 1996 and 1998; whilst the domestic electricity market was opened up to competition over eight months between 1998 & The main six energy suppliers in Great Britain are British Gas, EDF, E.on, Npower, Scottish Power, and Scottish and Southern Electric. Between them, these six suppliers capture the majority of all domestic energy customers in Great Britain. In addition to these, there are other smaller suppliers which operate within the market. Within Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Electricity and Phoenix Natural Gas are the dominating domestic energy supply companies. 1.3 Background Home and Non-Home Suppliers The home supplier for any area is the original supplier in that area prior to the opening of the domestic energy market to competition. For gas, the home supplier is British Gas Trading. For electricity, the home supplier is the former public electricity suppliers (PES) within their own distribution area or that of their parent company.
2 2. Publications 2.1 Quarterly Energy Prices Domestic energy price statistics are published online within a National Statistics publication entitled Quarterly Energy Prices (QEP). In addition, all tables within the publication are available online in Excel form. The QEP publication can be accessed at: The on-line tables can be accessed at: On a monthly basis, the domestic component of the Consumer Price Index for the UK is published. Further details on the methodology behind the domestic component of the Consumer Price Index are in section 4.1. On a quarterly basis, the proportion of customers paying by various payment methods is published. Further details on the methodology behind the customer splits are included in section 4.2. Also published on a quarterly basis are the number of households switching energy supplier. For further details on this methodology refer to section 4.4. On a bi-annual basis, domestic gas and electricity prices for EU countries (including the UK) are published, with prices presented for a range of consumption bands. Further details on the methodology behind the domestic prices by consumption band are included in section 4.6. On an annual basis, the level of average domestic energy bills by payment method, with a comparison of prices over time, are published in Tables 2.2 and 2.3. Provisional estimates are published in December with final estimates of average domestic energy bills published in March. Further details on the methodology behind the average domestic energy bills by payment method are included in section 4.3. Also published on an annual basis is the total household expenditure on energy in the UK, and the average weekly household expenditure on fuel by income decile. Further details on the expenditure data are included in section Other Energy Statistics publications Energy Sector Indicators, Energy in Brief and Fuel Poverty Indicators all include tables and charts sourced from Quarterly Energy Prices. The Fuel Poverty statistics utilise estimates derived from the domestic energy prices DFI data.
3 3. Data Sources and Quality Assurance All domestic price data for the UK is collected directly from energy suppliers on a quarterly basis. There are two main surveys used to collect data: the Domestic Fuel Inquiry (DFI) survey and the Price Transparency (PT) survey. Both surveys are managed by DECC statisticians and are not contracted out to external providers. All data is collected on a confidential basis to reflect the market sensitive nature of the data. Energy suppliers return their completed surveys to a named member of the energy price statistics team. 3.1 Domestic Fuel Inquiry Data sources for DFI The Domestic Fuel Inquiry (DFI) Survey is used to calculate the quarterly and annual domestic energy pricing information outlined in Section 2.1. The DFI survey is used to collect data sourced directly from energy suppliers at the tariff level. These data are used to calculate the proportion of customers paying by each payment method, and for calculating average domestic energy bills. Bills are calculated assuming household energy consumption of 15,000kWh for gas, 3,800kWh for standard electricity and 6,000kWh for Economy 7 per annum. Domestic energy suppliers provide the source data for the DFI. The DFI survey is sent out on a quarterly basis to eight domestic electricity suppliers and eight domestic gas suppliers (see Annex 1 for an example DFI survey form), capturing nine distinct energy companies in the UK: British Gas, Scottish Power, Scottish and Southern Electric, E.on, NPower, EDF, Phoenix, Northern Ireland Electricity, and Good Energy. The sample captures around 90% of all domestic energy customers in the UK. Since the survey is essentially a census of domestic energy customers, no sampling methodology is required. At present, the electricity market in Northern Ireland is largely monopolistic and subject to Ofreg price controls, although a start has been made to open the market to competition (Gas is not yet widely available in Northern Ireland). DECC will continue to monitor the electricity market in Northern Ireland and assess whether there are any additional suppliers that need to be included in the DFI survey. Unless a supplier has a significant proportion of customers, they are generally excluded from the survey sample in order to minimise the relative burden of the survey compared to their customer base Quality Assurance of the DFI There are around 18,000 lines of data collected quarterly; this is formed from around 750 distinct tariffs by suppliers for gas and electricity by payment types across the 14 PES regions. Previously, gas suppliers used Local Distribution Zones (LDZ), and
4 electricity suppliers used the PES regions, however, now PES regions are used for both. Details of these areas can be found in the table below. Towns and cities by LDZ and PES area Gas LDZ Electricity PES area Aberdeen Scotland Northern Scotland Belfast n/a Northern Ireland Birmingham West Midlands West Midlands Canterbury South East South East Cardiff Wales South Wales Edinburgh Scotland Southern Scotland Ipswich Eastern Eastern Leeds North East Yorkshire Liverpool North West Merseyside & North Wales London London London Manchester North West North West Newcastle Northern North East Nottingham East Midlands East Midlands Plymouth South West South West Southampton Southern Southern From 2013 onwards regional breakdowns for gas were presented at a PES region level. This change has been made because most energy suppliers now charge for gas according to the PES area that a household is in, and so it is more appropriate to present data in this format. Some tariffs have no customers on them and so would not be included in the weighted average bill estimates, but the tariff information is still received. There are a significant number of tariffs with less than ten customers, most of whom are on tariffs that have long since closed to new customers. All tariff information received by energy suppliers on the DFI surveys is subject to internal validation. However, since the average bill estimates are weighted by customer numbers, particular attention is placed on the validation of the modal tariffs. Each tariff has up to 14 variables. Therefore with over a million data points per year, it is necessary for the DFI to undergo a robust internal validation process. A set of targeted and random data validation methods have been set up to quality assure the data provided at the tariff level. There are specific checks in place: the tariff structures of the modal tariffs are compared with the entries from previous quarters and with known price movements; a unit 1 price is expected to be larger than a unit 2 price; a split level is generally expected to be around 4,000kWh for gas and around 900kWh for standard electricity; the pricing structure of a selection of both randomly selected and most popular tariffs are compared with information from company websites; pricing structures across regions are compared; and the number of customers on modal tariffs are compared across quarters (see Annex 2 for additional definitions). Once returns have been received and checked the data are then entered onto the Domestic Fuel Inquiry computer system. Additional validation checks are included on
5 this system to check for missing values, spelling of regions and other potential technical issues. Using the DFI computer system, an extract of all the tariff information can be downloaded, however the main tool used is a reporting tool for customer numbers and bill estimates. Validation at this stage includes: comparisons of customer numbers and bills by payment method, region and energy company over time; comparisons of changes in bills with the Consumer Price Index; consideration of the Expenditure and Food Survey; and comparison with Ofgem bill estimates. Once all data are validated, the outputs from the DFI system reports are then inputted into the Quarterly Energy Prices tables. A final check is done on the charts and tables to spot any anomalous results. 3.2 Price Transparency Survey Data source for the PT The Price Transparency (PT) Survey is used to calculate the bi-annual domestic energy pricing information outlined in Section 2.1. This data is submitted to Eurostat and used to provide international comparisons of energy prices (see Section 4.6). The PT survey is used to collect data directly from energy suppliers on their total volume and value by consumption band. These data are used to infer average prices for gas and electricity in the UK split by standardised annual consumption size bands set by Eurostat. This survey has been developed with other EU Member states to assess price levels across the EU. The PT survey is used to collect domestic energy pricing information for different consumption levels, and as such differs from the DFI survey which does not collect pricing information based on consumption. The PT survey is sent out to seven domestic electricity suppliers: British Gas, EDF, E.on, Power NI, Npower, Scottish and Southern Electric, and Scottish Power. The PT survey is also sent out to seven domestic gas suppliers: British Gas, EDF, E.on, Npower, Scottish and Southern Electric, Scottish Power, and Total. As with the DFI, the PT survey is essentially a census and captures around 95% of the domestic energy customers. On a quarterly basis the domestic energy suppliers complete the PT survey detailing the volume of gas and electricity sold to domestic customers against a range of consumption bands laid out by Eurostat, along with the amount of money generated from these sales, before and after taxes. An example PT survey form is included in Annex Quality Assurance of the PT In a similar manner to the DFI, all of the PT data undergoes a series of validation checks. Data received from suppliers are initially put into a spreadsheet and
6 compared for consistency against returns from 4 previous quarters. The spreadsheet produces comparisons looking at the change in volumes, the change in values, and the change in price, for each size band and company. Once returns have been checked against previous quarters returns, data for each company on prices, market share and volume is compared to other data sources. The average prices between quarters are compared to movements seen in the Consumer Price Index for electricity and gas, the market share of each company is calculated and compared to market shares derived from DFI data and the volume data is compared to domestic electricity and gas consumption data collected by other teams within the department. Results of comparisons should show consistency and any anomalous results are discussed with energy suppliers. 3.3 International domestic price data The international domestic prices data in sections 5.6 and 5.10 of QEP are derived from Eurostat s Statistics in Focus series. The data is requested from EU member states under Directive 90/377/EEC and is provided by suppliers on a voluntary basis. The figure for the UK is sourced from the Price Transparency Survey, see Section 3.2 for further details. 3.4 The Domestic Energy component of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) The domestic energy component of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) is sourced from the Office for National Statistics who do their own data collection. The CPI is updated on a monthly basis within QEP s internet tables in both real and current terms. In order to ensure an unbiased sample of tariffs with the CPI, DECC provide the ONS with data from the DFI on the number of customers on each tariff. This allows the ONS to use a representative sample of tariffs when collecting price information to inform the domestic energy component of the CPI. Expenditure on Domestic Energy Data on total household expenditure on energy are sourced from Consumer Trends published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Data are published on an annual basis, with latest figures referring to 2014 (as of June 2015 QEP). Data on average weekly household expenditure are sourced from the Living Costs and Food Survey (LFS), formerly known as the Expenditure and Food Survey (EFS), published by the ONS. Data are published on an annual basis, with latest figures referring to 2013 (as of June 2015 QEP). 3.5 Transfer Statistics Data on the number of transfers between energy suppliers are collated by Ofgem, and provided to DECC on a quarterly basis.
7 4. Methodology 4.1 Consumer Price Index The Office for National Statistics (ONS) produces the Consumer Price Index (CPI), and produce their own methodology notes. DECC publish the domestic fuel components of the CPI within QEP. For more information, visit the ONS website at: The CPI is presented in Tables 2.1.1, and in both real and current terms. The real terms index is calculated by multiplying the ratio of the current terms index relative to the GDP inflator (both of which are relative to a 2010 base year). 4.2 Customer numbers by payment method The proportion of customers paying by Standard Credit, Direct Debit and Prepayment meter for each region are summarised in Tables 2.4 and 2.5. The regions used for electricity and gas are the distribution areas of the public electricity suppliers (PES). Prior to 2013, the regions used for gas were the local distribution zones (LDZ) of Transco. Further details on the LDZ and PES regions are outlined in Section Each quarter, the energy suppliers (listed in Section 3.1) submit their completed DFI return outlining how many customers are on each of their tariffs by region and payment method. The sum of customers paying by Standard Credit, Direct Debit and Pre-payment meter is then calculated for each region, summing across energy suppliers. For each of gas and electricity, the proportion of all customers paying by each payment method is then derived using the total sum of all customers. These numbers are used to populate tables 2.4.2, and The data are updated on a quarterly basis with quarterly updates published within QEP. Table and summarise the proportion of customers on each payment method by region for home and non-home suppliers. The home supplier for any area is the original supplier in that area prior to the opening of the domestic energy market to competition. For gas, the home supplier is British Gas Trading. For electricity, the home supplier is the former public electricity suppliers within their own distribution area (PES) or that of their parent company. 4.3 Average Domestic Energy Bills Average domestic energy bills are published on an annual basis within Quarterly Energy Prices (QEP). Average bills reflect all price changes that have occurred over the course of year. This is as opposed to using prices for the latest quarter and projecting them forward for the year ahead. In the years before 2007, the annual average domestic gas and electricity bills reflect the prices within the fourth quarter of the previous year, and quarters one, two and
8 4.3.1 Calculating average annual bills three of the current year. This reflects the payment pattern for Standard Credit, where customerss pay for their energy on receipt of the quarterly bill, so in effect paying for their energy use one quarter in arrears. However, Standard Credit is no longer the most common payment method, with over half of all gas and electricity customers now paying by Direct Debit. Therefore, following a consultation of users in the September 2010 edition of Energy Trends, DECC decided to revise the methodology such that bills are calculated using prices from the calendar year. Bills were revised up to (and including) 2007 using this new methodology. See s/decc/ /statistics/publications/trends/articles_issue/559-trendssep10-domestic-- energy-bills-article.pdf for further details. The average annual bills are calculated as an average of the weighted prices of all tariffs over the whole year, and include VAT at 5 per cent. Average annual bills are calculated at the national and regional level. Average annual bills are derived from the calculation of quarterly bills that use pricing and customer numbers information at the tariff level. Further details on the quarterly bill calculations are included in section Once the average quarterly revenue and customer numbers have been calculated at the tariff level for all gas and electricity tariffs for each of the four quarters, this information can then be used to derive the average annual bills at the regional and national level by payment method Calculating average quarterly bills Quarterly Bill = Quarterly Revenue Average Customers The quarterly bill is calculated using the tariff-level pricing information providedd within the DFI survey by the energy suppliers along with a household annual energy consumption assumption of 15,000 kwh for gas, 3,800 kwh for standard electricity and 6,000 kwh for Economy 7 electricity (of which 3,000 kwh are assumed to be day time and 3,000 kwh at night). The fixed levels of consumption used were updated in March 2014 following a user consultation, to better reflect recent trends in average household consumption. See the following link for more details on this change: / 1/Revisions_to_DECC_domestic_energy_bill_estimates.pdf
9 For electricity, it is assumed that the quarterly consumption (in kwh) is as shown in the following table: Electricity type Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Standard 1, ,140 Economy 7 (day) Economy 7 (night) Following analysis on UK quarterly domestic gas consumption data (which is collected from energy suppliers directly by another statistics team in DECC), the assumptions of quarterly gas consumption were changed for 2007 onwards. Full details of the reasons behind this methodology change can be found in the September 2010 edition of Energy Trends: s/decc/statistics/publications/trends/articles_issue/559-trendssep10-domesticenergy-bills-article.pdf. The following table shows the gas consumption assumptions (in kwh) now used in the calculation of bills: Gas Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Gas 6,000 3,000 1,500 4,500 The glossary in Annex 2 explains each of the terms used to derive a quarterly bill. Broadly speaking, a household is charged one level (unit 1 price) for each unit of energy used. Some tariffs still include split level tariffs whereby they are charged one level (unit 1 price) until they reach a pre-specified consumption level (split level) when the rate switches to a lower level (unit 2 price). Some tariffs instead have a fixed daily rate which must be paid regardless of how much energy is consumed (standing charge). A tariff can have changes to a different pricing structure during the course of a year, which needs to be accounted for within the quarterly bill calculations. The following formulae are based on four possible scenarios for a tariff: 1. No Split level, and no date of change to the tariff pricing structure. 2. Split level, and no date of change. 3. No split level, and a date of change. 4. Split level, and a date of change.
10 If the split level is greater than the quarterly consumption for the tariff, all fuel consumption for the quarter is charged at the unit 1 price. Otherwise, the unit 1 price is charged up to the split level with the unit 2 price charged for the consumption above the split level. Where there is a split level for the tariff, it is used to represent the amount of fuel charged at the unit 1 price. U 1 = Unit 1 price R = Split level C w = Total quarterly consumption U 1O = Old unit 1 price U 2O = Old unit 2 price SC OLD = Old standing charge U 2 = Unit 2 price SC = Daily standing charge D qx = Number of days in quarter x U 1N = New unit 1 price U 2N = New unit 2 price SC NEW = New standing charge N dq = Number of days into the quarter the price change occurs 1. Average quarterly bill, no split level and no date of change Converts p/kwh to /kwh Multiply by the quarterly consumption U C 100 Converts pence to pounds SC D w qx Multiply by the number of days in the quarter* 1.05 Adds five per cent to the bills to include VAT Gives the cost in pounds of the unit 1 fuel used (in this case there is only unit 1 fuel used) Daily standing charge multiplied by number of days in quarter to give quarterly standing charge
11 2. Average quarterly bill, split level and no date of change Converts p/kwh to /kwh Multiply by the quarterly unit 1 consumption Multiply by the quarterly unit 2 consumption Converts pence to pounds Multiply by the number of days in the quarter* Adds five per cent to the bills to include VAT U U 2 R SC 100 C R D w qx Gives the cost in pounds of the unit 1 fuel used Gives the cost in pounds of the unit 2 fuel used Quarterly standing charge 3. Average quarterly bill, no split level with date of change Quarterly bill excluding VAT - old prices Weighting factor proportion of quarter old prices applied U1 O C 100 U1N C 100 w w SC 100 SC 100 NEW OLD D D qx qx N D + x1.05 D qx dq qx N D qx dq VAT Quarterly bill excluding VAT new prices Weighting factor proportion of quarter new prices applied
12 4. Average quarterly bill, with split level and date of change Quarterly bill excluding VAT - old prices Weighting factor proportion of quarter old prices applied U1 O R 100 U1N R 100 OLD NEW Quarterly bill excluding VAT new prices U 2O 100 U 2N 100 SCOLD C R D w + Weighting factor proportion of quarter new prices applied SCNEW Dqx 100 Dqx N Dqx C R w OLD NEW 100 qx N D dq dq qx x 1.05 VAT Provisional and Final Bill Estimates The average annual bill (from 2007 onwards) is based on the prices in quarters 1 to 4 of the year in question. Once quarter 4 (October to December) data has been received within the DFI, this data is then quality assured and combined with the quarterly bill estimates from the previous three quarters to provide final average annual bills. These final bills are published in the March edition of Quarterly Energy Prices (QEP). Provisional bill estimates are published in the December edition of QEP. Since quarter 4 data are not available at time of publication, quarter 3 data is amended with any known price changes between October and December and used as estimates for quarter 4 data. For example if, for a particular tariff, the unit 1 price was 5p and it was known there had been a 10% increase in unit 1 prices for this tariff in October, then a unit 1 price of 5.05p would be used to estimate the data in quarter 4. Since most of the main price changes are fairly easy to apply, it is expected that the provisional and final bills will be similar. Within the QEP tables, provisional bill estimates are indicated with a p. Finally, if figures need revising (either because suppliers have returned new figures, or a processing error has been discovered) then the new revised figures are indicated with an r next to them, along with a footnote to elaborate further as required.
13 4.3.4 Average Unit Cost The average unit cost for domestic gas and electricity are included within QEP tables and and indicate the total cost to the customer per unit consumed by region. They are calculated by dividing the average annual bill by the assumed average household consumption (see section for energy consumption assumptions). However, if a household were to use a different household consumption, then their average unit cost would differ from those outlined in tables and Transfer Statistics The main six energy suppliers (British Gas, EDF, E.on, NPower, Scottish Power and SSE) send monthly figures to Ofgem on the number of transfers. An account is counted as a transfer if there is a switch from one of these six energy suppliers to another. Figures exclude switching payment method or switching between incumbent suppliers within one company. 4.4 Expenditure on Domestic Energy Total household expenditure on energy Data on total household expenditure on energy (published in Table of QEP) are based on Consumer Trends as published by the Office for National Statistics. All data may be subject to change by ONS. From 2001/02, Household Expenditure has been reclassified to conform to the European System of Accounts 1995 (ESA 95), using the Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP) Household expenditure by fuel and heating system In the June publication of QEP, additional information on the average weekly spend on gas and electricity by heating method is summarised on an annual basis (Table in QEP). This data is sourced from the Living Costs and Food Survey (LCFS). Further details on the methodology and data collection can be found at: Proportion of household expenditure spent on fuel and power, by income decile In the June edition of QEP, additional information is published on the proportion of household expenditure spent on Fuel & Power, Food, Housing and Petrol & Oil. To produce this table, data from two tables of the LCFS are required. Table A8 provides average weekly spend by income decile. Using the COICOP definitions, the following categories are included: Fuel & Power (4.4); Food (1.1, , , , and ); Housing (4.1.3, 4.2, 4.3 and 13.1); and Petrol & Oil (7.2.2). Table A6
14 provides the total weekly household expenditur re by income decile. The proportion of average weekly household expenditure spent on Fuel & Power, Food, Housing, and Petrol & Oil can then be calculated for each income decile. 4.5 International Comparisons of domestic energy prices Domestic energy prices for the UK and EU countries are published in Tables 5.6 and 5.10 of QEP UK average unit costs The Price Transparency survey (as outlined in section 3.2) is sent out to energy suppliers on a quarterly basis. Energy suppliers return their completed PT forms which include, for each of gas and electricity, their total revenue and volume consumed during the quarter. It is worth noting that some of the volume and revenue figures will be based on estimated meter readings rather than actual meter readings. The size bands for consumers from January 2008 onwards are defined as follows: Small 1 Medium Large Small 2 Medium Large Industrial Gas Domestic Gas Eurostat size band Band I2 Band I3 Band I4 Eurostat size band Band D1 Band D2 Band D3 Annual Consumptionn (MWh) 278 2,777 2,778 27, , ,777 Annual Consumptionn (kwh) <5,557 5,557 55,557 >55,557 From the volume derived. and value figures, an average unit cost per consumption band can be Unit cost = Total Value Total Volume Since unit 1 prices are typically higher than unit 2 prices, it is expected thatt higher volume consumers will have a lower average unit cost than lower consumers. Eurostat require average UK prices, including and excluding VAT, on bi-annuareturns by adding basis. The quarterly data is thereforee combined into two 6-monthly together quarters 1 and 2, and quarters 3 and 4. The quarterly average unit costs collected from the PT survey are combined into bi-annual unit costss by summing the total value and total volume figures across the two quarters, for each consumption 1 278MWh = 1000GJ 2 5,557kWh = 20GJ
15 band. These prices are then submitted to Eurostat in February and August of each year to represent the UK average domestic prices International comparisons To obtain the domestic gas and electricity prices for EU countries, prices are downloaded from the Eurostat website and converted to sterling using exchange rates for the appropriate period (see the International Prices methodology note for further details). Once all data has been downloaded and collated, the UK rank and median price are calculated and the tables are updated. Where data is not available, a price is estimated in relation to the EU 15 median. A + indicates that the price is likely to exceed the median, +/- indicates that the price is likely to be around the median, - indicates that the price is likely to be below the median price. In order to give a better indication of the UK rank and median when compared with those countries where up-to-date data is not available, price estimates in these countries are calculated using price movements seen in neighbouring countries. From 1 st January 2008, the data shows average prices over 6-month periods (January - June and July - December), and each size band covers a range of consumption. Previously, the Price Transparency data was for a single point in time (1st January and 1st July), and each size band was represented by a single consumption figure. 5. Users of the data Domestic energy price statistics are used by a broad range of people. Within DECC, the statistics influence policy-making and are used for modelling purposes. For example, electricity and gas prices form part of the cost of energy element of fuel poverty analysis. Externally, users include students, academics, members of the public, and companies who wish to undertake modelling of future energy costs (recent queries include research projects studying consumer behaviours & tax, and the cost of living). The data are used by the ONS to inform lower level weights in the CPI and RPI for gas and electricity, and is also submitted to Eurostat and the IEA, who use it to compile EU domestic price statistics.
16 Annex 1
17 Annex 2 Glossary of Terms: Dual fuel: Both gas and electricity are provided by the same supplier - price reductions and discounts are usually applied to dual fuel tariffs Unit price 1: The initial cost to the consumer for each unit of energy consumed up until a certain level of consumption has been reached Unit price 2: The cost to the consumer for each unit of energy consumed after a certain level of consumption has been reached Night price: The cheaper unit price from Economy 7 tariffs given to electricity used during the night Standing Charge: A fixed daily charge for gas or electricity unrelated to the level of energy consumption the consumer uses. Split level: The number of units of energy at which the pricing structure switches from the unit price 1 to the unit price 2 Economy 7: Electricity Tariffs which have a separate unit cost for the night and day and are designed for use with night storage heaters. Standard Electricity Tariffs: where there is no distinction in price for electricity used between night and day Consumption: The amount of energy a customer consumes. The consumption estimates used by DECC when calculating annual bills are: 3,800 kwh per annum for standard electricity; 6,000 kwh per annum for Economy 7 electricity (of which 3,000 kwh are assumed to be day time and 3,000 kwh at night); and 15,000 kwh per annum for gas. LDZ Local Distribution Zones: The initial 12 regions allocated to each gas company to operate in when the gas market opened up to competition in PES Public Electricity Supplier: The 14 companies created when the electricity market was privatised in 1998 Home supplier / Non-home supplier: For gas, home supplier denotes British Gas Trading. For electricity, home supplier denotes the former public electricity suppliers within their own distribution area or that of their parent company
18 Annex 3 Company name Restricted Commercial (when completed) DATA RELATING TO UK DOMESTIC ELECTRICITY CONSUMERS Q Click here for instructions Size of consumer Annual consumption Volume sold kwh Value excluding all taxes Value excluding VAT Value including all taxes kwh Very Small <1,000 Small 1,000-2,499 Medium 2,500-4,999 Large 5,000-14,999 Very Large 15,000 + Annual Unit price excluding Unit price excluding Unit price including Size of consumer consumption all taxes VAT all taxes kwh p/kwh p/kwh p/kwh Very Small <1,000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Small 1,000-2,499 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Medium 2,500-4,999 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Large 5,000-14,999 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Very Large 15,000 + #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Validation check Please review your data if there is any red text in the table below. Size of consumer Annual consumption Amount of VAT MWh p/kwh Very Small <1,000 #DIV/0! Small 1,000-2,499 #DIV/0! Medium 2,500-4,999 #DIV/0! Large 5,000-14,999 #DIV/0! Very Large 15,000 + #DIV/0! Any additional comments
International Comparisons data sources and methodologies 1. Introduction Comparisons of energy prices in the UK with prices in other countries are an important part of the department s work. They are used
Conclusion of the Utility Regulator s Review of the firmus energy (Supply) Ltd Maximum Average Price in the Ten Towns area 5 March 2015 About the Utility Regulator The Utility Regulator is the independent
Date: October 2014 Competition in British household energy supply markets An independent assessment Prepared by: Robert Buckley, Anna Moss Cornwall Energy About Cornwall Energy Cornwall Energy s team of
Your energy tariff explained Direct Debit Saver Our most popular Direct Debit Saver Say goodbye to bills and hello to statements Helping you spread the cost of your energy, with predictable monthly payments.
Which? Analysis Energy Wholesale Costs and Retail Prices Summary There has been much debate about whether competition in the energy market is sufficient to incentivise suppliers to properly reflect reductions
Your energy tariff explained Pay As You Go Saver Fixed January 2015 Our ultimate pre-pay Pay As You Go Saver Fixed until January 2015 The freedom to top up at a time and place that suits you Only pay for
Downstream Gas Statistics data sources and methodologies 1. Introduction The UK s gas markets can be separated into two sections: upstream (gas supply) and downstream (gas demand). The Department of Energy
Crown copyright 2015 You may reuse this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. To view this licence, visit www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-governmentlicence/
Comparative Domestic Cost of Gas v Oil Report May 2013 1 1. Introduction The cost of energy remains a key concern for consumers; since 2009 the average annual price of home heating oil (oil) has increased
[Business Intelligence Statistical Bulletin June 2015 Non Domestic energy consumption 2013 Kent Local Authorities (Previously Industrial & Commercial energy use) Related documents Domestic energy consumption
[Business Intelligence Statistical Bulletin June 2015 Domestic energy consumption 2013 Kent Local Authorities Related documents Non domestic energy consumption Dwelling stock Climate Change Act Environmental
Ofgem s approach to smart metering Philip Davies Director of Retail Markets and Environmental Policy Cambridge Conference Pg 1 Agenda Why smart metering? Experience to date with competition The smart meter
Energy Consumption in the UK (2015) Chapter 5: Service sector energy consumption in the UK between 1970 and 2014 30 July 2015 1 ECUK (2015) Chapter 5: Service sector energy consumption Energy Consumption
To all retail energy market participants, price comparison websites, consumer groups and other interested parties Direct Dial: 020 7901 1846 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Date: 13 September 2013
Guide to using Prepayment Meters for Gas and Electricity Contents Introduction Page 2 Moving into a new property Page 3 How to Pages 4 9 Standing Charges Page 10 Economy 7 meters Page 11 Useful Contact
Resources for Personal, Social and Health Education Activities on energy bills and energy use Contents Energy bills quiz Energy bills quiz answers Energy bill exercise Energy bill exercise answers Energy
Energy Prices: Up or Down? Michael Pollitt Judge Business School CUEN Annual Conference Cambridge 11 June 2015 Summary Background and trends Additional policy support costs Competition in energy markets
Sub-national electricity consumption statistics Regional and local authority level statistics (2012 data) December 2013 Sub-national electricity consumption statistics Regional and local authority level
Bills made easy The Consumer Council s guide to utility bills The Consumer Council Introduction The Consumer Council has statutory powers to represent consumers in the areas of electricity, natural gas
Energy Supply Margins: Commentary on Ofgem s SMI Prepared for Energy UK 29 January 2015 Project Team George Anstey Matthew Mair Soren Christian NERA Economic Consulting Marble Arch House, 66 Seymour Street
The British retail energy market: politicians and reregulation? Professor Michael Harker ESRC Centre for Competition Policy and UEA Law School University of East Anglia email@example.com Privatisation,
Estimated impacts of energy and climate change on energy prices and bills July 2010 Estimated impacts of energy and climate change on energy prices and bills 2 Estimated impacts of energy and climate change
Online Fixed Energy A Guaranteed Deal Online Fixed Price Energy July 2015 Offer Prices effective from 8th April 2014 Limited Offer subject to availability and may be withdrawn from sale at any time. Online
GO ENERGY SHOPPING GUIDE CONTENTS 1. NOW IT S EASIER TO BE AN ENERGY SHOPPER 2. START ENERGY SHOPPING 3 4. ENERGY SUPPLIERS 5 6. COMPARISON NOTEPAD 7. USEFUL NUMBERS AND WEBSITES 8. OFGEM-ACCREDITED PRICE
Electricity and natural gas price statistics 1 Source: Statistics Explained (http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/) - 21/11/2011-09:11:44 Electricity and natural gas price statistics Data
GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE & REVENUE SCOTLAND 2013-14 MARCH 2015 GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE & REVENUE SCOTLAND 2013-14 MARCH 2015 The Scottish Government, Edinburgh 2015 Crown copyright 2015 This publication is
May 2015 The economic impact of the UK Maritime Services Sector: Business Services Contents 1 Executive summary... 2 2 Introduction... 4 2.1 The channels of economic impact... 4 2.2 Report structure...
7 December 2009 NERA Analysis of Energy Supplier Margins By Graham Shuttleworth Even though wholesale energy prices have fallen recently, gas and electricity suppliers are earning very little margin on
Date: August 2013 Business and broker interaction in the energy market A review by Cornwall Energy Prepared by: Robert Buckley, Anna Moss, and Daniel Starman About Cornwall Energy Cornwall Energy s team
Online Fixed Energy A Guaranteed Deal Online Fixed Price Energy September 2016 Prices effective from 27th August 2015 Subject to availability and may be withdrawn from sale at any time. Online Fixed Price
Online Fixed Energy A Guaranteed Deal Online Fixed Price Energy August 2014 Offer Prices effective from 20th March 2013 Limited Offer subject to availability and may be withdrawn from sale at any time.
Domestic energy bills and costs of implementing environmental measures The Sustainable Development Commission has analysed household electricity and gas bills to show the contribution of the additional
Welcome to the latest Fuel Debt Advice Bulletin You will no doubt be aware of recent energy price rises from five of the Big Six energy companies (ScottishPower, British Gas, Scottish & Southern, npower
Decision Maker: Cabinet Member for Business, Skills and Housing Date: 13 January 2014 Classification: General Release Title: Purchase of Communal Electricity and Gas 2014/15 Wards Affected: Better City,
August 2000 A Review of the Development of Competition in the Industrial and Commercial Gas Supply Market Executive summary This document explains the conclusions of Ofgem s 1999 review of the development
Top-down and Bottom-up evaluation of government policies on fuel poverty March 2015 This research was made possible thanks to a grant from the Chesshire Lehmann Fund. 1 Executive Summary This report evaluates
Westgate House 2a Prebend Street London N1 8PT 020 7359 8000 firstname.lastname@example.org Fuel Poverty: 2014 update 1 Introduction In early 2013, ACE Research and the Energy Bill Revolution published a fact-file on
GO ENERGY SHOPPING GUIDE CONTENTS 1. NOW IT S EASIER TO BE AN ENERGY SHOPPER 2. START ENERGY SHOPPING 3 4. COMPARISON NOTEPAD 5. USEFUL NUMBERS AND WEBSITES 6. OFGEM-ACCREDITED PRICE COMPARISON SITES 7.
ADVANCED General Certificate of Education January 2013 Economics Assessment Unit A2 1 Business Economics [AE211] *AE211* AE211 TUESDAY 22 JANUARY, MORNING TIME 2 hours. INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Write
Energy prices and bills - supplementary tables Contents: 1. Energy prices and bills 2. Assumptions 3. Scenarios to 2030 4. Comparison with DECC (2014) Estimated impacts of energy and climate change policies
Economic impacts of expanding the National Insurance Contributions holiday scheme Federation of Small Businesses policy paper Overview This research paper sets out estimates for the economic and employment
FSB Voice of Small Business Survey Panel April/May 2014 Energy Survey Prepared by Research by Design Methodology Research findings are based on a survey made available to the FSB Voice of Small Business
Consultation: Electricity and Gas Retail Supply Price Controls 2017 (SPC 17) Date: 08/12/2015 Contact: Andy McClenaghan Our Reference: 2405 PD20010 The Consumer Council welcomes the opportunity to respond
Go energy shopping guide ContentS 1. Now it s easier to be an energy shopper 2. Start energy shopping 3 4. Comparison notepad 5. Useful numbers and websites 6. Ofgem-accredited price comparison sites 7.
FINAL REPORT 2014 Residential Electricity Price Trends To COAG Energy Council 5 December 2014 Reference: EPR0040 2014 Residential Price Trends Inquiries Australian Energy Market Commission PO Box A2449
HANDOUT 1 Payment Options How and where to pay the bill There are a number of different ways you can pay your gas or electricity bill, and a number of different places you can do it. Direct debit paying
The Domestic Energy Market Key Questions Answered Foreword 1. Energy market overview 2. Regulation 3. Billing and payment methods 4. Customer representation 5. Disconnection 6. Help for those in need 7.
Code of practice for accurate bills Version: January 2015 Contents Definitions 3 Introduction 4 Switching 6 Meter reading 7 Energy bills and statements 8 Payments and refunds 9 Back billing 10 2 Billing
POLICY & RESOURCES COMMITTEE Agenda Item 146 Brighton & Hove City Council Subject: Date of Meeting: 12 February 2015 Report of: Corporate Procurement of the Council s Electricity and Gas Supplies Interim
Gas Terminology Simplifying energy management AMR Automated Meter Reading - automatic collection of data from meters which is transferred to a central database for billing and/or analysis. AQ Annual quantity.
Price developments on the EU retail markets for electricity and gas 1998 2011 The Market Observatory for Energy has analysed price developments on the retail markets for electricity and natural gas (domestic
Guaranteed Standards of Performance for Metered Demand Customers of Electricity Companies in England, Wales & Scotland January 2013 Page 1 of 7 Introduction In accordance with the Electricity (Standards
Energy UK MPs Information Pack Section 1 Guidance for constituents Section 2 Energy policy explained Guidance for constituents Help for customers Energy supply Ways to pay for energy Issues with suppliers
Big Energy Saving Network Training for Frontline Workers Session objectives payment and tariff options how to switch payment method and/ or tariff further assistance available help with paying fuel bills,
Online Fixed Energy A Guaranteed Deal Online Fixed Price Energy March 2015 Offer WithFreedom Prices effective from 14th October 2013 Limited Offer subject to availability and may be withdrawn from sale
Energy Guide for charities and non-profit organisations How to minimise the price you pay for gas and electricity at your charity A business energy supply Charities and non-profit organisations typically
Fixed Price Energy A Guaranteed Deal EnergySure COLLECTIVE MARK Fixed Price Energy January 2015 Prices effective from 7th June 2011 No price rises until January 2015 with our Fixed Price Energy January
June 1999 REVIEW OF DOMESTIC AND SMALL BUSINESS ELECTRICITY SUPPLY PRICE REGULATION A Consultation Document Contents Page 1. Introduction 2 Part I - Background 2. Context of the review 4 3. The regulatory
Research and Information Service Paper 12/14 23 September 213 NIAR 640-13 Aidan Stennett Power NI: tariff methodology 1 Introduction The following paper supplements Northern Ireland Assembly Research and
Help Beat Cancer Fixed Price Energy September 2016 Prices effective from 12th June 2014 Prepayment prices effective from 27th June 2014 Together we have the energy to help beat cancer sooner Tariff may
NK/9349 Energy Action Scotland Response to the Energy and Climate Change Select Committee Inquiry into Energy Prices, Profits and Poverty 1. Introduction Energy Action Scotland (EAS) is the Scottish charity
Higher prices, worse service and less choice: Why Consumers on Independent Gas Transporter (IGT) Networks are Losing Out! energywatch June 2006 Higher Prices, Worse Service and Less Choice: Why Consumers
Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Economy 2014, First Estimates Coverage: UK Date: 09 December 2015 Geographical Area: UK Theme: Agriculture and Environment Main points This bulletin presents first estimates
Article: Main results from the Wealth and Assets Survey: July 2012 to June 2014 Coverage: GB Date: 18 December 2015 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Economy Main points In July 2012 to June 2014: aggregate
STATISTICAL RELEASE STATISTICAL RELEASE BUSINESS POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR THE UK AND REGIONS 2011 12 October 2011 Issued by: BIS Level 2, 2 St Paul s Place, Sheffield, S1 2FJ For more detail: http://stats.bis.gov.
Price Comparison Websites Compliance Audit 2015 Information Note DOCUMENT TYPE: REFERENCE: Information Note CER/15/012 DATE PUBLISHED: QUERIES TO: January 2015 Dana Paraschiv email@example.com The Commission
Treating customers fairly August 2015 Our promise to treat you fairly At SSE we are committed to giving excellent service and treating customers fairly. We are proud of our track record on this. However,
Policy brief: December 2011 RISING ENERGY COSTS: THE IMPACT ON LOW-INCOME FAMILIES Introduction I only have a bath before school on a Sunday night and one on a Wednesday night, because hot water is expensive.
Coverage: United Kingdom Theme: The Economy Latest Release: April 2016 Tables 9.7 to 9.12 Next Release: August 2016 Tables 9.4 to 9.6 Reporting Periods: Personal Tax Years Media contact: HMRC Press Office
PRESS NOTICE STATISTICAL PRESS RELEASE Date: 22 December 2015 UK Energy Statistics, Q3 2015 Energy Trends and Energy Prices publications are published today 22 December 2015 by the Department of Energy
Jersey Energy Trends 25 Headlines In 25 total final energy demand in Jersey was 187 million toe (2,17, 9 MWh) an increase of.1% on 24. Final consumption of electricity grew by 1.2% between 24 and 25. Over
Gas and Electricity Markets Authority GAS ACT 1986 Standard conditions of gas supply licence 1 SECTION A: STANDARD CONDITIONS FOR ALL SUPPLIERS General arrangements 1. Definitions for standard conditions
The Social Effects of Energy Liberalisation The UK Experience Launching a Common European Energy Market Lisbon 5/6 June 2000 Social Effects of Energy Liberalisation The UK Experience Summary A high degree
Annual Business Inquiry Background Information - Archive Data ABI Publications & Special Analysis Section Room 2.301 Office for National Statistics Cardiff Road Newport NP10 8XG By telephone on: +44 (0)
Abuse of Vulnerable Adults in England 2011-12, Final Report, Experimental Statistics Published: 6 March 2013 We are England s national source of health and social care information www.ic.nhs.uk firstname.lastname@example.org
Online Fixed Energy A Guaranteed Deal Online Fixed Price Energy February 2015 Offer WithFreedom Prices effective from 24th October 2013 Limited Offer subject to availability and may be withdrawn from sale
The Energy Code of Conduct The Energy Code of Conduct This Code has been developed to help you maintain high quality standards when representing First Utility You must comply with the Code at all times
Generating a Return July 2008 BHA SEMINAR Why invest in renewable generation? Reduces CO 2 emissions and climate change Reduces cost of electricity at the site as not paying for transmission of electricity
EDF Energy s Deemed tariff Calls to 0800 or 0808 numbers are free from BT landlines, other network operators charges may vary. edfenergy.com EDF Energy is a trading name used by EDF Energy Customers plc,
ONS Methodology Working Paper Series No 6 Analysing low electricity consumption using DECC data Karen Gask and Susan Williams October 2015 1. Introduction Low electricity consumption in a home over a period
Electricity Market Reform: Consultation on Low Carbon Contracts Company s and Electricity Settlements Company s operational costs 2015/16 Government Response January 2015 Crown copyright 2015 URN 15D/001
Demand for Long Distance Travel April 2011 Demand for long distance travel 1 Structure of this paper 1.1 This paper is structured as follows: Section 2 sets out past trends in the demand for long distance
Westgate House 2a Prebend Street London N1 8PT 020 7359 8000 email@example.com Energy efficiency and excess winter deaths: Comparing the UK and Sweden November 2013 1 Introduction David Cameron pledged in