Migration indicators in Kent 2014

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1 Business Intelligence Statistical Bulletin September 2015 Migration indicators in Kent 2014 Related information The and Census web page contains more information which you may find useful. change presents a time-series of estimates and an analysis of growth forecasts presents the latest thinking about future levels 2011 Census provides information of the characteristics of the NOTE: within this bulletin Kent refers to the Kent County Council (KCC) area which excludes Medway Contact details Strategic Business Development & Intelligence: Kent County Council Sessions House Maidstone Kent ME14 1XQ Tel: This bulletin presents the migration indicators for Kent between Mid-year 2013 to Mid-year 2014 as published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) in June and August Net migration is the difference between the number of people who move into an area minus the number of people who move out of that area. A positive Net migration figure means that more people are moving in than are moving out. Between Mid-2013 and Mid-2014 Net migration to Kent was +13,200 which accounts for 78.1% of the increase in that year. Net migration to Kent in 2013/14 accounts for 0.9% of the total of +1.5million. The majority (38.1%) of migrants to Kent are aged 25 to 44. Internal migrants are people who have moved from a different area within the UK for example from Surrey to Kent. Net Internal migration to Kent was +7,800 people which accounts for 0.5% of the total. Kent attracts people from all over the UK but mainly from London and elsewhere in the South East. Almost half (47.4%) of internal migrants to Kent are aged 25 to 44 International migrants are people who have moved to Kent from outside the UK. Net International migration to Kent was +5,600 people which accounts for 0.4% of the total. Net International migration to Kent reached its highest point in Mid-2006 to Mid-2007 with +6,100 net international migrants. The majority (28.6%) of international migrants to Kent are aged 16 to 24.

2 Introduction Migration is the key component of change for Kent and thus plays an important role in the county s and economic profile. It is vital that the County Council has a good understanding of the level of migration to Kent and the characteristics of the migrants settling in the area to ensure that the appropriate services are planned and provided. Key policy themes for migration include employment and skills, health, education and community cohesion. Unfortunately there is no single data set that provides the complete picture of migration flows and the characteristics of all migrants. This has made the task of estimating the number of migrants very difficult. In 2008 the Office for National Statistics (ONS) embarked upon a programme of work designed to improve the quality of existing sources of migration statistics. Despite improvements being made there is still no single data set that provides the complete picture of immigration, emigration and the resulting net migrant total. The most recent migration data comes from the Components of Change, which are used to calculate the annual Mid-Year Estimates and were published 25 June 2015, and The Local Migration Indicators which were published 27 August The Components of Change provide:- Total Internal migrants Total Long-term international migrants Internal and International migrants by age and sex Origin and destination of internal migrants The Local Area Migration Indicators include- Short-term international migrant estimates Flag 4 GP registrations - data from the NHS Patient Register Data Service (PRDS) on the number of people registering with a doctor whose previous address was outside of the UK Where possible, data for Kent, the South East region and England is presented to allow for comparison with the national picture. Data for the Kent local authority districts is also presented to help identify local areas which have higher or lower levels of migration. All data is annual from Mid-year 2013 to Mid-year Page 1

3 Components of Change Net migration The Net migration figure is the difference between the number of people who move into an area minus the number of people who move out of that area. Also included in the net migration figure are other changes which are changes in special s. The special s are: Prisoners (including a counter-adjustment for their area of previous residence); Home Armed Forces (including a counter-adjustment for their area of previous residence); Foreign Armed Forces and their dependants Service Families Overseas (this is a negative component reflecting people who would be usually resident in an area had they not moved overseas as part of this component). Since 2002 Kent has seen a gradual increase in net migrants, as shown in Chart 1 Chart 1: Net migration and other changes in Kent Mid-2001/02 to Mid- 2013/14 Net Migration and Other Changes Kent 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 Net migrants 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 Source: Components of Change, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Chart produced by Net migration has fluctuated considerably over the past twelve years. However, overall Kent has seen a positive growth in net migration, which means that there have been more people entering the county than there have been leaving. This contributes to the growth of the county along with natural change (births and deaths). Page 2

4 Migration has been the key component of change for Kent since In the last year, migration accounted for 78.1% of the change in the county, which is significantly higher than the national average (53.5%). More information on how much migration contributes to Kent s changing can be found in an additional Business development & Intelligence Statistical bulletin, What s causing Kent s growth? Net migration to the county reached a peak in Mid-2006 to Mid-2007 when Kent saw 15,000 net migrants in a single year. In the latest year there were 13,200 net migrants to Kent the second highest number in twelve years. All Kent districts have seen net migration increase between 2008/09 up to and including 2010/11. Tunbridge Wells is the only local authority to have experienced a decrease in net migration between 2012/13 and 2013/14. Table 1 presents the number of net migrants for each Kent district each year between Mid-2001 to Mid-2002 and Mid-2012 to Mid Table 1: Net migration and other changes in Kent districts Mid-2001/02 to Mid-2013/ / / / / / / / / / / / / /14 Kent 7,400 9,600 11,300 12,700 12,100 15,000 12,200 8,900 12,600 10,300 9,300 9,800 13,200 Ashford 1,300 1,800 1,700 1, ,100 1,100 1,100 Canterbury 1,500 2,400 2,300 1,600 1,700 1, ,300 1,900 2,900 2,100 2,400 Dartford , , Dover 500 1,100 1, , Gravesham Maidstone ,600 2,000 1,400 1,500 1,700 1, ,400 2,000 Sevenoaks Shepway 1,200 1,600 1,600 1,700 1,100 1, ,200 1, Swale ,800 1, , ,200 Thanet 1,400 1, ,200 1, ,100 1,200 1,100 1,700 Tonbridge & Malling ,400 1,500 1,100 1, Tunbridge Wells ,500 2,000 1, Source: MYE3: Components of change for local authorities in the UK, mid /07/2015 Figures up to 2011 are based on revised data in light of the 2011 Census as at 13 May All figures are rounded to the nearest 100 so may not sum when added Table produced by Canterbury has continually received a high number of net migrants throughout the decade, reaching its highest level in 2011/12 with a net increase of +2,900 migrants. Between 2013/14 the total of net migrants in Canterbury has dropped to 2,400 people. Further investigation has revealed that the increase in Canterbury is within the age-group and is thus related to the student. However, the level of migration between 2008/09 is uncharacteristic of past trends and there is no explainable reason why net migration levels decreased so dramatically in this year Whilst migration numbers may look quite high, when put into context alongside the total, migrant numbers make up a small proportion of the total. During Mid-2013 to Mid-2014, net migrants accounted Page 3

5 for 0.9% of the total Kent. This is higher than the proportion for both the South East and for England. The proportion varies between each district, with migrants accounting for the largest proportion in Canterbury (1.5%) and the lowest proportion in Tunbridge Wells (0.1%). Table 2 presents the number of net migrants for each Kent district in Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 as a proportion of the total resident. Table 2: Net migrants as a proportion of the total of each Kent district Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 Total mid-2014 Net migrants 2013/14 Migrants as % of total England 54,316, , % South East 8,873,800 53, % Kent 1,510,400 13, % Ashford 123,300 1, % Canterbury 157,600 2, % Dartford 102, % Dover 113, % Gravesham 105, % Maidstone 161,800 2, % Sevenoaks 117, % Shepway 109, % Swale 140,800 1, % Thanet 138,400 1, % Tonbridge & Malling 124, % Tunbridge Wells 116, % Source: MYE3 Components of change- Mid-2014 estimates, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Number are rounded to the nearest 100 for presentation so may not sum when added.percentages calculated using unrounded numbers Table produced by In-flows and out-flows of migrants Important note regarding variation in net migrant totals The net migrant totals presented in Chart 1 and Tables 1 and 2 include a count for asylum seekers and visitor switchers, (+9,800 for Kent). These are noted as other changes. However, the flow data published by ONS excludes asylum seekers and visitor switchers. Visitor switchers are people who enter or leave the UK for a short visit (that is less than 12 months) but end up staying for more than a year. These people are visitors that become migrants and need to be added to the migration estimates. Therefore the net migration counts published in Chart 2 and Table 3 may differ slightly to the net migrant totals presented earlier Whilst net figures show the overall volume of migrants in an area, they mask the turnover of. For example, although net migration to Tunbridge Wells district was 100 in Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 there were more than 7,000 Page 4

6 people moving in to and out of the area during that year. For this reason it is also useful to look at the in-flows and out-flows of migrants. Chart 2 shows that Kent saw an in-flow of 64,000 migrants to the county in the year Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 whilst out-migration from the county was 50,600. Chart 2: In, out and net flow of migrants to Kent Mid-2003/4 to Mid- 2013/14 Kent migration (in, out and net flows) 2003/4 to 2013/14 70,000 16,000 60,000 14,000 50,000 12,000 LINES: Migrant flows 40,000 30,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 BARS: Net migrants 20,000 4,000 10,000 2, / / / / / / / / / / /14 NET IN OUT 0 Source: Summary of migration indicators, Estimates Unit, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Chart presented by Table 3 shows the in, out and net-flow of migrants for each Kent district annually from Mid- 2002/03 up to Mid-2013/14 Table 3: In, out and net flow of migrants to Kent districts Mid to Mid-2013/14 Local Authority 2002/ / / /06 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford 6,400 5, ,800 5,500 1,200 7,000 5,200 1,800 7,000 5,400 1,600 Canterbury 12,300 9,600 2,700 13,600 10,800 2,800 12,500 10,500 2,000 13, ,100 Dartford 5,600 5, ,100 5, ,100 4,800 1,200 5,500 4, Dover 5,200 4, ,400 4,400 4,800 4, ,900 4, Gravesham 4,400 4, ,600 4, ,900 4, ,600 4, Maidstone 8,500 8, ,200 7, ,100 7, ,800 7,200 1,500 Sevenoaks 7,300 7, ,400 6, ,600 6,500 7,300 6,400 Shepway 5,700 4,600 1,100 5,800 4,800 5,400 4,400 5,300 4, Swale 6,400 5,300 1,100 5,900 5, ,700 5, ,700 5, Thanet 6,300 5,300 6,400 5,300 1,100 6,100 5,100 5,700 5, Tonbridge & Malling 7,300 6, ,100 6, ,100 6, ,500 6,100 1,400 Tunbridge Wells 6,600 6, ,800 6, ,400 6, ,000 6, Source: Detailed components of change 2001 to 2014, Mid Year Estimates Unit, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Table produced by. All figures rounded to the nearest 100 so may not sum when added Page 5

7 Table 3 continued Local Authority 2006/ / / /10 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford 7,100 5,800 1,300 6,100 5, ,800 5, ,000 5, Canterbury 14,300 12,000 2,300 12,600 11,200 1,400 13,600 12, ,900 11,300 2,600 Dartford 5,900 5, ,500 5,500 5,800 5, ,400 5, Dover 5,600 4, ,800 4, ,400 4, ,800 4, Gravesham 5,200 4, ,300 4, ,700 4, ,900 4, Maidstone 9,600 7,800 1,900 9,300 7,900 1,400 8,400 7,000 1,300 8,600 7,100 1,500 Sevenoaks 7,700 7, ,300 7, ,400 6, ,800 6, Shepway 5,900 5, ,100 4, ,700 4, ,300 4, Swale 7,200 5,300 1,900 6,400 4,700 1,700 6,000 4,900 6,300 5,200 1,100 Thanet 6,600 5,500 1,100 6,100 5,000 1,200 5,900 5, ,200 5,100 1,100 Tonbridge & Malling 8,200 6,700 1,500 7,800 6,700 1,100 6,900 5,800 1,100 7,300 6,100 1,200 Tunbridge Wells 7,600 6,600 7,900 6,400 1,500 6,700 6, ,800 6, Local Authority 2010/ / / /14 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford 6,200 5, ,500 5,400 1,100 6,500 5,500 1,100 7,000 5,900 1,100 Canterbury 14,100 11,800 2,200 14,700 11,900 2,800 14,300 11,900 2,400 15,200 12,500 2,600 Dartford 5,400 5, ,300 5, ,400 5,400 6,800 5, Dover 4,600 4, ,000 5, ,200 4, ,400 4, Gravesham 4,600 4, ,200 4, ,200 4, ,700 4, Maidstone 8,700 7,500 1,300 9,100 8, ,200 7,700 1,500 10,100 8,200 1,900 Sevenoaks 6,700 6, ,200 6, ,000 6, ,600 7, Shepway 5,200 4, ,400 4, ,200 4, ,700 5, Swale 6,100 5, ,500 5, ,300 5, ,100 5,800 1,300 Thanet 6,000 5, ,700 5,500 1,200 6,400 5,300 1,100 7,000 5,400 1,700 Tonbridge & Malling 7,100 6, ,600 7, ,500 6, ,300 7, Tunbridge Wells 6,900 6, ,200 7, ,700 6, ,300 7, Source: Detailed components of change 2001 to 2014, Mid Year Estimates Unit, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Table produced by. All figures rounded to the nearest 100 so may not sum when added Type of migrant Migrants are typically categorised into one of two types; an internal migrant or an international migrant. An internal migrant is someone who has moved from within the UK. An international migrant is someone who has moved from outside of the UK. It is important to understand the type of migrant settling in an area because it has an impact on the of that area. The difference in language is the most obvious issue as well as international migrants requiring access to different services than internal migrants, i.e. interpreters. International migrants in this section relate only to those who people who change their place of residence for at least 12 months. People who move to Kent from outside of the UK and who intend to stay for less than 12 months are excluded from the counts in this section. Research-based short-term migration estimates which give an indication of how many migrants are staying for less than 12 months are presented separately on page 17. Internal migrant counts are for all migrant moves regardless of length of stay. Page 6

8 Important note regarding variation in net migrant totals The migrant type data excludes asylum seekers and visitor switchers. Therefore the counts of internal and international migrants are consistent with the flow data presented on page 14 of this report but will differ to the totals presented in Chart 1 and Tables 1 and 2. Net migrant totals by type of migrant In Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 Kent saw a net increase of +13,400 migrants, with 5,600 net migrants originating from outside of the UK and 7,800 net migrants originating from elsewhere within the UK. Chart 3 presents the type of migrant for each Kent district for the most recent year. Chart 3: Net internal and international migrants in Kent districts Mid to Mid-2014 Net Migrants by Type /14 Kent Local Authority Districts 3,000 RANKED IN ORDER OF MOST INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS 2,500 International Internal 2,000 1,400 Net migrants 1, , , , Canterbury Maidstone Swale Gravesham Ashford Thanet Dartford Tunbridge Wells Source: Migration Indicators for Local Authority Districts, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Chart presented by Sevenoaks Shepway Tonbridge & Malling Dover Canterbury has the largest number of net international migrants (+1,400) of all Kent districts, accounting for 26% of the total of international migrants for Kent as a whole. Between Mid-2013 and Mid Canterbury, Sevenoaks and Tunbridge wells have all seen a higher proportion of international migrants than internal migrants. Tunbridge Wells is the only district in Kent to have experienced a decline in internal migrants. Page 7

9 Tables 4a and 4b show the net number of internal and international migrants in each Kent district for the last ten years. Table 4a: Net INTERNAL migrants to Kent districts Mid-2003/04 to Mid- 2013/14 Number of people Local authority 2003/ / / / / / / / / / /14 Kent 6,200 6,100 6,700 7,800 6,500 4,700 6,000 6,200 6,500 7,000 7,800 Ashford 1,300 1,600 1, Canterbury 1, ,300 1, , ,300 1,500 1,200 Dartford Dover Gravesham Maidstone ,100 Sevenoaks Shepway Swale ,300 1, Thanet ,300 Tonbridge & Malling ,200 1, Tunbridge Wells , Source: Detailed components of change, Mid Year Estimates Unit, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Table produced by. All figures rounded to the nearest 100 so may not sum when added Table 4b: Net INTERNATIONAL migrants to Kent districts Mid-2003/04 to Mid-2013/14 Number of people Local authority 2003/ / / / / / / / / / /14 Kent 4,200 5,400 4,100 6,100 4,700 2,900 5,000 2,800 2,600 3,000 5,600 Ashford Canterbury 900 1, ,200 1,400 1, ,400 Dartford Dover Gravesham Maidstone , Sevenoaks Shepway Swale Thanet Tonbridge & Malling Tunbridge Wells Source: Detailed components of change, Mid Year Estimates Unit, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Table produced by. All figures rounded to the nearest 100 so may not sum when added Although the net figures for Kent districts show a relatively small number, or even zero, this does not mean that there are no migrants in the area. There will be higher numbers of both internal and international migrants moving into and out of the area at a given time. It is just the net result of those moving in to the area minus those who are moving out is very small or even zero. For this reason it is important to look at the in-flows and out-flows of international and internal migrants. This gives an indication of where numbers of migrants are particularly high. This is examined further in the next section. Page 8

10 In-flows and out-flows of migrants by type Internal migration The flow of internal migrants is considerably higher than the flow of international migrants not only for the county as a whole but also for each Kent district. Over the past ten years the average annual number of people moving into Kent from elsewhere in the UK is 50,100 whilst the average number of people who leave Kent each year is 43,600. In Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 Kent saw 54,400 internal migrants moving into Kent and 46,600 people moving out. Overall, since Mid-2003 to Mid-2004 the number of internal migrants moving to and from Kent has been steady. Chart 4 presents a time series of inflows, outflows and the net effect of internal migration for the KCC area since Mid-2003 to Mid Chart 4: Internal migration flows for Kent Mid-2003/4 to Mid-2013/14 Internal migration (in, out and net flows) in Kent 2003/04 to 2013/14 60,000 10,000 50,000 8,000 40,000 LINES: Migrant flows 30,000 6,000 4,000 BARS: Net migrants 20,000 10,000 2, / / / / / / / / / / /14 NET IN OUT 0 Source: Summary of migration indicators, Estimates Unit, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Chart presented by Within the Kent local authority districts, Canterbury sees the highest flows of internal migrants, which is not surprising given its large student which will turnover each year. Maidstone has consistently seen the second highest flows of internal migrants. Year-on-year Gravesham and Dover have seen the smallest flows of internal migrants. Page 9

11 International migration Between Mid-2013 and Mid-2014, 9,600 international migrants moved into Kent whilst 4,000 moved out or the county. Over the past ten years the average annual number of people moving into Kent from outside the UK is 9,700 whilst the average number of people who leave Kent each year is 5,500. Between Mid-2006 to Mid-2007 the number of international migrants arriving in Kent rose sharply to its highest point in the past decade. Kent saw the lowest number of international migrants arriving in Mid-2012 to Mid Chart 5 presents a time series of inflows, outflows and the net effect of international migration for Kent since Mid-2003 to Mid Chart 5: International migration flows for the KCC area Mid-2003/04 to Mid-2013/14 International migration (in, out and net flows) in Kent 2003/04 to 2013/14 14,000 7,000 12,000 6,000 10,000 5,000 LINES: Migrant flows 8,000 6,000 4,000 3,000 BARS: Net migrants 4,000 2,000 2, / / / / / / / / / / /14 NET IN OUT 0 Source: Summary of migration indicators, Estimates Unit, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Chart presented by Canterbury also sees the highest flows of international migrants. Again, this could partly be related to foreign students studying at university in Canterbury. As with the case of internal migrants, Maidstone has frequently seen the second highest flows of international migrants over the years whilst Dartford has consistently seen the lowest flows of international migrants. However, there has been some variation amongst Kent districts. Tables 5a and 5b present the in and out-flows of internal and international migrants to each local authority district within Kent over the last ten years. Page 10

12 Table 5a: In-flow, Out-flow and Net Effect of INTERNAL migrants 2003/ / /06 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford 6,300 5,000 1,300 6,500 4,800 1,600 6,200 5,000 1,200 Canterbury 11,600 9,700 1,900 10,500 9, ,900 9,600 1,300 Dartford 5,100 5, ,000 4, ,000 4, Dover 4,900 4, ,300 4, ,300 4,300 0 Gravesham 3,700 4, ,900 4, ,900 4, Maidstone 7,400 7, ,300 7, ,700 6,700 Sevenoaks 6,200 6, ,300 6, ,700 6, Shepway 5,100 4, ,800 4, ,700 4, Swale 5,700 5, ,400 4, ,100 4, Thanet 5,600 5, ,200 4, ,900 4, Tonbridge & Malling 6,800 6, ,800 5, ,000 5,800 1,200 Tunbridge Wells 6,200 6, ,900 5, ,200 6, / / /09 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford 6,100 5, ,300 5, ,100 4, Canterbury 11,600 10,300 1,400 10,400 9, ,200 10, Dartford 5,300 5, ,000 5, ,300 4, Dover 4,800 4, ,200 3, ,800 4, Gravesham 4,200 4, ,400 4, ,900 4, Maidstone 8,100 7, ,000 7, ,300 6, Sevenoaks 7,100 6, ,800 6, ,900 5, Shepway 5,100 4, ,400 4, ,200 4, Swale 6,300 5,000 1,300 5,600 4,400 1,200 5,200 4, Thanet 5,700 4,800 5,300 4, ,100 4, Tonbridge & Malling 7,600 6,500 1,100 7,200 6, ,300 5, Tunbridge Wells 6,700 6, ,000 5,900 1,100 5,900 5, / / /12 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford 5,500 4, ,600 4, ,000 5,000 Canterbury 11,600 10,200 1,400 11,400 10, , ,300 Dartford 4,900 4, ,000 4, ,900 5, Dover 4,300 3, ,100 3, ,500 4,500 0 Gravesham 4,100 4, ,900 4, ,600 4, Maidstone 7,500 6, ,700 6,700 8,200 7, Sevenoaks 6,400 6, ,300 5, ,800 6, Shepway 4,800 4, ,700 4, ,000 4, Swale 5,500 4, ,500 4, ,800 5, Thanet 5,300 4, ,200 4, ,900 5,000 Tonbridge & Malling 6,800 5,800 6,700 5, ,200 6, Tunbridge Wells 6,100 6, ,300 6, ,600 6, / /14 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford 6,100 5, ,400 5, Canterbury 12, ,500 12,900 11,700 1,200 Dartford 6,000 5, ,300 5, Dover 4,800 4, ,900 4, Gravesham 4,500 4, ,100 4, Maidstone 8,200 7,200 8,800 7,700 1,100 Sevenoaks 6,600 6, ,100 6, Shepway 4,900 4, ,300 4, Swale 5,700 5, ,300 5, Thanet 5,700 4, ,200 5,000 1,300 Tonbridge & Malling 7,100 6, ,800 7, Tunbridge Wells 6,100 6, ,500 6, Source: Detailed components of change 2001 to 2014, Mid Year Estimates Unit, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Table produced by. All figures rounded to the nearest 100 so may not sum when added Page 11

13 Table 5b: In-flow, Out-flow and Net Effect of INTERNATIONAL migrants 2003/ / /06 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford Canterbury 2,000 1, , ,100 2,200 1, Dartford , Dover Gravesham Maidstone , Sevenoaks 1, , Shepway Swale Thanet Tonbridge & Malling Tunbridge Wells / / /09 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford Canterbury 2,700 1,700 2,200 1, ,400 2, Dartford Dover Gravesham Maidstone 1, ,100 1, , Sevenoaks Shepway Swale Thanet Tonbridge & Malling Tunbridge Wells / / /12 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford Canterbury 2,300 1,100 1,200 2,700 1,300 1,400 2, ,500 Dartford Dover Gravesham Maidstone 1, Sevenoaks Shepway Swale Thanet Tonbridge & Malling Tunbridge Wells / /14 IN OUT NET IN OUT NET Ashford Canterbury 1, , ,400 Dartford Dover Gravesham Maidstone , Sevenoaks Shepway Swale Thanet Tonbridge & Malling Tunbridge Wells Source: Detailed components of change 2001 to 2014, Mid Year Estimates Unit, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Table produced by. All figures rounded to the nearest 100 so may not sum when added Page 12

14 Age profile of migrants to and from Kent In the year ending June 2014 there were a total of 93,100 in-migrants to Kent and 79,700 out-migrants from Kent. The result was a net increase of 13,400 migrants. Table 6 illustrates the estimated age profile of migrants for the year Mid-2013 to Mid Table 6: Age profile of internal and international migrants to and from Kent Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 Internal migration International migration Total Migration Age IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET All Ages 83,500 75,700 7,800 9,600 4,000 5,600 93,100 79,700 13, ,200 11,700 2,600 1, ,300 15,700 11,900 3, ,200 20,500-1,300 2,600 1,600 21,800 21, ,100 24,400 3,700 3,700 2,300 1,400 31,800 26,700 5, ,300 12,400 1,900 1, ,600 12,800 2, ,700 6, ,100 6,800 1,300 Internal migration International migration Total Migration Age IN OUT NET IN OUT NET IN OUT NET All Ages 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% % 15.5% 33.3% 15.6% 5.0% 23.2% 16.9% 14.9% 29.1% % 27.1% -16.7% 27.1% 25.0% 28.6% 23.4% 27.0% 2.2% % 32.2% 47.4% 38.5% 57.5% 25.0% 34.2% 33.5% 38.1% % 16.4% 24.4% 13.5% 10.0% 16.1% 16.8% 16.1% 20.9% % 8.9% 12.8% 4.2% 2.5% 5.4% 8.7% 8.5% 9.7% Source: Mid-year Estimates analysis tool. Office for National Statistics (ONS) Crown Copyright. Table produced by Numbers are rounded to the nearest 100 for presentation so may not sum when added.percentages calculated using unrounded numbers The majority of net migrants to Kent in the year Mid-2013 to Mid-14 were aged years old. This age group will add to the working age of Kent. The year old age group is also the main child bearing age group and possibly have young families therefore it is also likely that the second largest net increase of 2, year olds is linked to the net increase of year olds Kent sees a net outflow of year olds to other parts of the UK. Table 6 shows that there are significant flows both into and out of the county of year olds. However, there are more people in this age group leaving the county than entering. This profile is thought to reflect the movement of young people going to university or other forms of higher education. Traditionally more Kent residents study for higher education in establishments outside of the county. Detailed movements of graduates into and out of Kent are presented in The Graduates in Kent bulletin. In Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 there was a net inflow of 1,300 people aged 65+ to the county. There is a perception that Kent s coastal towns are attractive retirement destinations. An examination of the age profile of internal migrants for Kent s local authority district s supports this as the larger net gains of Page 13

15 people aged 65+ are within the coastal districts of Canterbury, Dover, Shepway and Thanet. Table 7 presents the flow of total migrants by age group for each Kent district during the year Mid-2013 to Mid Please note that the district flow data includes flows between Kent districts. Table 7: Age profile of migrants to and from Kent districts Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 Ashford Gravesham Swale Persons Persons Persons Age IN OUT NET Age IN OUT NET Age IN OUT NET All Ages 7,000 5,900 1,100 All Ages 5,700 4, All Ages 7,100 5,800 1, , , , ,200 1, , ,200 1, ,500 2, ,300 1, ,400 2, , ,500 1, Canterbury Maidstone Thanet Persons Persons Persons Age IN OUT NET Age IN OUT NET Age IN OUT NET All Ages 15,200 12,500 2,600 All Ages 10,100 8,200 1,900 All Ages 7,000 5,400 1, , ,700 1, , ,700 6,300 1, ,000 1, ,400 1, ,500 3, ,900 3, ,100 1, ,700 1, ,700 1, , Dartford Sevenoaks Tonbridge & Malling Persons Persons Persons Age IN OUT NET Age IN OUT NET Age IN OUT NET All Ages 6,800 5, All Ages 7,600 7, All Ages 8,300 7, ,400 1, ,400 1, ,700 1, , ,300 1, ,500 1, ,900 2, ,000 2, ,100 2, ,200 1, ,300 1, Dover Shepway Tunbridge Wells Persons Persons Persons Age IN OUT NET Age IN OUT NET Age IN OUT NET All Ages 5,400 4, All Ages 5,700 5, All Ages 7,300 7, , , , ,400 1, ,700 1, ,700 1, ,700 2, , , ,100 1, Source: Mid-year Estimates analysis tool. Office for National Statistics (ONS) Crown Copyright. Table produced by Numbers are rounded to the nearest 100 for presentation so may not sum when added. Page 14

16 Age profiles of internal and international migrants in the Kent local authority districts are available upon request from Origin and destination of Kent internal migrants The majority of people who moved into Kent in the year ending June 2014 came from London. 22,500 people, equivalent to 41.3% of all in-migrants, came from the capital. In contrast, of all the people leaving Kent, 25.1% (11,700 people) moved to London. The result was a net gain of 10,800 people from London. The rest of the South East is the second most popular origin of people moving in to Kent. 14,900 people from this area moved to Kent which accounts for 27.3% of all in-migrants to Kent in the year ending June However a total of 15,000 people left Kent for the rest of the South East. This figure accounts for 32.3% of all out-migrants from Kent and resulted in a net loss of internal migrants to the rest of the South East. The net increase of internal migrants to Kent came from London and Northern Ireland. All other areas saw more people moving from Kent than people moving to Kent. The net loss of migrants was greatest to the South West region but in terms of actual numbers of migrants, most people from Kent moved elsewhere in the South East region. Table 8 illustrates the origin and destination of Kent internal migrants in Mid to Mid-2014 Table 8: Origin and destination of Kent migrants Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 Net Migrants (persons) IN to Kent OUT of Kent NET East 5,200 5, East Midlands 1,900 2, London 22,500 11,700 10,800 North East North West 1,500 1, South East 14,900 15, South West 3,100 4, West Midlands 1,600 1, Yorkshire and The Humber 1,500 1, Northern Ireland Scotland Wales Grand Total 54,400 46,600 7,800 Source: Detailed Estimates File by Origin and Destination; Office for National Statistics (ONS) Crown Copyright All figures have been separately rounded to the nearest 100 so may not sum when added Table Presented by Table 9 shows the detailed matrix of the origin and destination of internal migrants to and from Kent local authorities in Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 Page 15

17 Table 9 : Matrix showing origin and destination of internal migrants to and from Kent districts Destination Ashford Canterbury Dartford Dover Gravesham Maidstone Sevenoaks Shepway Swale Thanet Tonbridge & Malling Tunbridge Wells East East Midlands London North East North West South East South West West Midlands Yorkshire & The Humber Wales Scotland Northern Ireland Total 6,400 12,900 6,300 4,900 5,100 8,800 7,100 5,300 6,300 6,200 7,800 6, , , ,200 94, , , , , , ,000 46,600 8,900 Origin Ashford 5, Canterbury 11, , , , Dartford 5, , Dover 4, Gravesham 4, , Maidstone 7, , Sevenoaks 6, , , Shepway 4, Swale 5, , Thanet 5, Tonbridge & Malling 7, , , Tunbridge Wells 6, , East 302, , ,600 20,100 37,100 3,200 7,500 25,700 13,300 9,100 9,300 3,500 4, East Midlands 239, , ,200 15,000 3,600 11,100 13,600 9,100 17,800 19,400 3,200 3, London 652,900 1,200 3,300 3, ,700 1,600 3,100 1,100 1,500 1,500 1,800 1,500 70,100 15, ,800 4,300 13,800 82,700 23,200 16, ,500 6,900 1,400 North East 94, ,900 3,100 5,900 50,300 6,600 3,500 2,400 2,200 10, , North West 299, ,300 10,900 16,100 7, ,900 10,100 8,800 14,100 23,000 10,500 7,300 1,900 South East 407,600 1,100 2, , , ,500 1,600 23,900 16,100 53,900 4,000 10, ,000 44,900 13,800 9,000 7,800 6,200 South West 271, ,000 7,500 20,900 2,300 7,400 33, ,300 13,500 5,800 11,900 4, West Midlands 242, ,900 19,100 15,500 2,500 14,800 12,700 17, ,200 8,700 8,800 2, Yorkshire & The Humber 207, ,100 19,800 14,300 11,200 23,100 8,800 6,700 8,600 97,300 2,800 4, Wales 116, ,300 3,100 6,300 10,100 6,900 12,200 8,600 2,900 59,600 1, Scotland 37, ,100 2,700 6,400 3,500 5,700 4,700 3,600 2,400 3,600 1, Northern Ireland 9, , , Source: Detailed Estimates File by Origin and Destination Local Authorities year ending June 2014 (part 1 and 2); Office for National Statistics (ONS) Crown Copyright Table presented by. All figures have been separately rounded to the nearest 100 so may not sum when added Page 16

18 Local Migration Indicators Short-term international migration estimates (experimental statistics) The international migration figures presented up until this point have been based on the ONS definition of a long-term migrant. This is someone who intends to stay for 12 months or more. It excludes all people who intend to stay for less than a year which are known as short-term migrants. The figures shown in this section are from the International Passenger Survey and are estimates of short-term non-british migrants satisfying the United Nations definition of a short term migrant. These are annual figures from Midyear to Mid-year and are only available for the years Mid-2007 to Mid-2008 up to Mid-2012 to Mid-2013 with the final year being provisional figures. There were an estimated 3,200 short-term migrants in Kent during Mid-2012 to Mid This number is equivalent to a rate of 2.1 to every one thousand resident for that year. This rate is higher than that of the South East (2.0) and lower than the rate for England (2.2). The rate of short-term migrants was highest in the South East and England in Mid-2007to Mid Despite annual fluctuations the rate has decreased over the past five years. In contrast the rate has increased in Kent over the past five years. The rate of short-term migrants per thousand resident between Mid-2007to Mid-2008 and Mid-2012 to Mid-2013 for Kent, the South East and England is presented in Chart 6. Chart 6: Short-term international migrant rate per thousand resident : Mid- 2007/08 to Mid-2012/ Short-term migrant rate per thousand resident :2007/08 to 2012/13 Kent, South East and England Kent South East England 2.0 rate per / / / / / /13 Source: Migration Indicators for Local Authority Districts, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Chart presented by Strategic Business Development &Intelligence, Kent County Council Page 17

19 Table 10 presents the estimates and rates of short-term international migrants to England, the South East, Kent, and Local authorities in Kent between Mid to Mid-2008 and Mid-2012 to Mid2013. It is not surprising that the majority of Kent s short-term migrants can be found in the University City of Canterbury. However, in Mid-2012 to Mid-2013 the short-term migrant rate in Maidstone matched that of Canterbury and the resulting number of short term migrants in Maidstone was the highest of all Kent local authorities. Shepway continues to attract the smallest number of short term migrants. Table 10: Estimates of short-term international migrants to England, the South East, Kent, and Local authorities in Kent Mid-2007/08 to Mid- 2012/13 Total Short-term international migrants rate per Total Short-term international migrants rate per Total Short-term international migrants rate per England 51,815, , ,196, , ,642, , South East 8,426,400 18, ,490,900 14, ,577,800 15, Kent 1,423,300 2, ,435,300 1, ,451,900 2, Ashford 114, , , Canterbury 146, , , Dartford 93, , , Dover 109, , , Gravesham 99, , , Maidstone 149, , , Sevenoaks 113, , , Shepway 104, , , Swale 131, , , Thanet 131, , , Tonbridge & Malling 117, , , Tunbridge Wells 111, , , Total 2007/ / / / / /13 Short-term international migrants rate per Total Short-term international migrants rate per Total Short-term international migrants rate per England 53,107,200 93, ,493, , ,865, , South East 8,652,800 13, ,724,700 15, ,792,800 17, Kent 1,466,500 2, ,480,200 2, ,493,500 3, Ashford 118, , , Canterbury 150, , , Dartford 97, , , Dover 111, , , Gravesham 101, , , Maidstone 155, , , Sevenoaks 115, , , Shepway 108, , , Swale 136, , , Thanet 134, , , Tonbridge & Malling 121, , , Tunbridge Wells 115, , , Source: Table STIM.07a, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Table produced by. All figures have been separately rounded to the nearest 100 so may not sum when added Over the past six years in Kent the split between short-term migration for employment and for study has fluctuated. Overall the main reason is Page 18

20 employment but there have been two years where study has been by far the main reason for short-term migration in Kent. Mid-2008 to Mid-2008 and Mid to Mid-2011 saw the proportion of short-term migrants for study outweigh those here for employment. Between Mid-2012 and Mid-2013 the majority of short-term migrants in Kent were here for employment. This is in contrast the England and the South East where the majority of short-term migrants give study as the main reason for migration. Table 11 presents the estimates of short-term international migrants to England, the South East, Kent, and Local authorities in Kent by reason for migration between Mid-2007 to Mid-2008 and Mid-2012 to Mid Table 11: Estimates of short-term international migrants to England, the South East, Kent, and Local authorities in Kent by reason for migration Mid-2007/08 to Mid-2012/ / / /10 Total Shortterm migrants % Employment % Study Total Shortterm migrants % Employment % Study Total Shortterm migrants % Employment % Study England 128, % 49.2% 102, % 63.8% 112, % 59.2% South East 18, % 51.0% 14, % 65.3% 15, % 60.3% Kent 2, % 41.2% 1, % 53.2% 2, % 49.5% Ashford % 20.2% % 47.8% % 24.2% Canterbury % 73.6% % 82.4% % 82.7% Dartford % 43.0% % 53.8% % 50.5% Dover % 33.9% % 48.3% % 33.1% Gravesham % 21.5% % 39.6% % 30.4% Maidstone % 25.1% % 32.3% % 42.2% Sevenoaks % 47.5% % 73.6% % 40.8% Shepway % 27.8% % 40.0% % 21.0% Swale % 8.8% % 12.0% % 21.5% Thanet % 38.7% % 52.4% % 38.9% Tonbridge & Malling % 19.1% % 15.2% % 33.9% Tunbridge Wells % 31.9% % 51.3% % 42.8% 2010/ / /13 Total Shortterm migrants % Employment % Study Total Shortterm migrants % Employment % Study Total Shortterm migrants % Employment % Study England 93, % 65.8% 107, % 57.4% 117, % 56.8% South East 13, % 64.9% 15, % 53.9% 17, % 58.1% Kent 2, % 70.0% 2, % 41.5% 3, % 48.6% Ashford % 68.0% % 26.0% % 48.0% Canterbury % 82.5% % 71.4% % 73.1% Dartford % 67.3% % 44.6% % 60.5% Dover % 65.4% % 42.1% % 60.5% Gravesham % 44.7% % 32.3% % 59.4% Maidstone % 57.2% % 13.2% % 35.6% Sevenoaks % 86.2% % 58.1% % 58.8% Shepway % 48.4% % 18.8% % 36.5% Swale % 53.3% % 14.6% % 18.5% Thanet % 73.9% % 39.9% % 66.4% Tonbridge & Malling % 74.5% % 9.4% % 36.5% Tunbridge Wells % 80.6% % 47.4% % 35.6% Source: Table STIM.07a,STIM.07b and STIM.07c, Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright) Table produced by. Numbers are rounded to the nearest 100 for presentation so may not sum when added.percentages calculated using unrounded numbers Page 19

21 Flag 4 GP Registrations Flag 4 records are provided to ONS from the PRDS data provided by Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC). Flag 4s are codes within the PRDS system which indicate that someone who has registered with a GP in England and Wales was previously living overseas. A Flag 4 may be generated when an individual registers with a GP if: a) An individual was born outside the UK and enters England and Wales for the first time and registers with an NHS GP. b) An individual's registration will also generate a Flag 4 if the previous address of an individual is reported as outside the UK. International in-migration records may not be retained on the patient register records through the person's subsequent migration within the UK. The patient register dataset is a "snapshot" taken annually. When an international inmigrant subsequently moves internally within the UK, and re-registers with a second GP, the "Flag 4" demarcation is not retained as the individual's last residence is now within the UK. If this internal migration occurs within the year of international in-migration, i.e. before the next mid-year "snapshot", the international in-migration will not be recorded. Although the rate of Flag 4 GP registrations in Kent has always risen and fallen in line with the national and regional rates, the rate in Kent has consistently been lower than the South East and England rate Between Mid-2013 to Mid-2014 there were 11,947 Flag4 GP registrations in Kent. This is equivalent to a rate of 7.9 per thousand. The highest number of Flag4 GP registrations in Kent occurred in the year Mid-2010 to Mid-2011 when there was a total of 12,356 registrations. This is equivalent to a rate of 8.4 per thousand. The rate of Flag4 GP registrations per thousand resident for Kent, the South East and England for Mid-2003/04 to Mid-2013/14 is presented in Chart 7. Page 20

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