TEST: THURS Sept 8 --Identify each map & name 3 modern day countries in each empire --Matching on people & terms --Multiple choice over essential

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1 TEST: THURS Sept 8 --Identify each map & name 3 modern day countries in each empire --Matching on people & terms --Multiple choice over essential questions --Identify what things are true of Sparta, Athens, or both Roman or Greek civilization --Identify & name Greek & Roman art & architecture --List reasons for Fall of Roman Empire --Read a short passage & answer Multiple Choice over it --Essay over video

2 3 Peloponnesian Wars 1 4 Trojan War Alexander the Great 2 Persian Wars

3 2 Julius Caesar Assassinated 3 1 Pax Romana Beginning of Roman Republic 4 Fall of Roman Empire

4 Sparta or BOTH or Athens SPARTA won Peloponnesian Wars BOTH SPARTA Won Persian Wars strongest army strongest navy ATHENS stressed art & drama ATHENS BOTH Olympics direct democracy ATHENS SPARTA military dictatorship SPARTA rights & power to women BOTH Had slaves SPARTA Military more important than anything BOTH Was a city-state

5 What countries? ROMAN EMPIRE

6 ALEXANDER S EMPIRE What Countries?

7 Hellenistic Emotion Movement Details Which is Hellenic AND which is Hellenistic? What are the characteristics of Hellenistic art? What are the characteristics of Hellenic art? Hellenic NO Emotion NO Movement Idealized/Perfect

8 Venus de Milo Winged Victory (Nike) Are these Hellenic or Hellenistic? Hellenistic Name each

9 Ionic Corinthian Colosseum Parthenon NAME EACH ONE Pantheon

10 Latin Drama Vaulted Arch Dome Parthenon Pantheon Earth goes around sun Aqueduct Olympics Lever & Pulley 3 Columns Colosseum Republic Democracy Network of roads Pythagorean Theorem Legions Senate

11 Barbarian invasions Inflation (from putting less silver in coins) Gap widened between rich & poor Increased taxes & wars harmed trade Soldiers more loyal to generals than empire Had to use mercenaries in army (Germanic) Apathy (didn t care about saving Rome) Corruption & lack of patriotism, no longer an honor to serve in the government No line of succession caused civil wars between generals every time an emperor died

12

13 Assassinated by jealous senators Julius Caesar Blind Greek poet, wrote Iliad & Odyssey Homer Spread Christianity to non-jews Paul First emperor of Rome Augustus Caesar Philosopher forced to drink poison Socrates Wrote about so much people thought he was always right (but he wasn t) Aristotle Moved capitol of Rome to East Divided Roman Empire in Half Constantine Diocletian Crossed Alps w/ elephants to invade Rome Leader of Athens during Golden Age Hannibal Pericles Tribe that invaded Roman Empire & caused its final downfall Huns

14 Upper class of landowners in Rome patricians Common people of Rome; 70% of people plebians Greek temple to Goddess Athena Parthenon War between Sparta & Athens Roman temple to ALL gods Govt where all citizens vote on all issues; what Athens had Peloponnesian War Pantheon Direct democracy Reason why Rome had such a large empire; organized, skilled Made of vaulted arches; had gladiator fights & mock sea battles legions Colosseum 200 year period of peace begun by Augustus Pax Romana Position held by Julius Caesar; had control of army & govt but only for 6 months in an emergenc dictator

15 War between Rome & Carthage over trade in Med Sea Punic War War where Greek city-states united against a common enemy & won Greek value of excellence in all things Persian War Arete Roman value of discipline, loyalty, & strength Gravitas Plebeian branch of Roman govt Patrician branch of Roman govt Assembly Senate Eastern part of Roman empire that survived for another 1000 years Byzantine Empire city-state Polis representative govt; 1 st govt of Rome Republic Led army & govt in Rome in Roman Republic Consuls

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