Exam No. 3 Date: 7 or 9 May Instructor: Brian B. Young

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Exam No. 3 Date: 7 or 9 May Instructor: Brian B. Young"

Transcription

1 Economics 212 Microeconomic Principles Exam No. 3 Date: 7 or 9 May 2012 Name The value of this exam is 100 points Instructor: Brian B. Young Please show your work where appropriate! Multiple Choice 2 points each #1 The factors of production are a. the levels of technology used to produce goods. b. labor, capital, land, and entrepreneurship. c. firms, consumers, markets, and government. d. a techno dance band from Dusseldorf. #2 Which of the following is a difference between perfect competition and monopolistic competition? a. Perfect competition has a large number of independently acting sellers. b. In monopolistic competition, entry into the industry is unblocked. c. Only firms in monopolistic competition can earn an economic profit in the short run. d. Firms in monopolistic competition compete on their product s price as well as its quality and marketing #3 Which of the following is a distinguishing characteristic of oligopolies? a. a standardized product b. the goal of profit maximization c. the interdependence among firms d. downward-sloping demand curves faced by firms Page 1 of 7

2 #4 A monopsony is a. A market structure in which there is only one seller b. A market structure in which there is only one buyer c. A fictitious animal similar to a Snuffleupagus d. an organization of workers formed for the purpose of increasing wages #5 A perfectly competitive firm should hire additional units of labor in a competitive labor market if a. marginal revenue is less than marginal cost b. the wage rate is higher than the average total cost. c. total revenue exceeds total cost d. the value of marginal product of labor exceeds the wage rate #6 If perfectly competitive firms are making an economic profit, then a. the market must be in long-run equilibrium. b. some firms will exit the market. c. new firms will enter the market. d. the market may be in a long-run equilibrium. #7 A change in the wage rate a. shifts the supply of labor curve so that the supply becomes more elastic. b. shifts the supply of labor curve leftward. c. shifts the supply of labor curve rightward. d. does not shift the supply of labor curve but instead leads to a movement along it. #8 One of the main goals of U.S. antitrust legislation is to a. regulate the prices cartels and monopolies are allowed to charge. b. prevent the establishment of cartels and monopolies. c. create jobs for unemployed attorneys. d. enforce intellectual property rights. Page 2 of 7

3 #9 Which of the following statements is true? a. Long-run average cost is increasing when there are economies of scale. b. Average fixed costs are always decreasing. c. Marginal revenue is always greater than demand. d. Labor is a variable cost only in the long-run. #10 At a long-run equilibrium in monopolistic competition, price equals a. average total cost. b. marginal cost. c. marginal revenue. d. some point between marginal revenue and marginal cost. #11 In which of the following market types do all firms sell products so identical that buyers do not care from which firm they buy? a. perfect competition b. monopolistic competition c. oligopoly d. monopoly #12 Cheating on a collusive agreement is more likely when a. a price floor is in effect. b. antitrust legislation is seldom enforced. c. it is easy to observe the other firms' prices. d. the number of firms is large. #13 In the long run, a firm in a perfectly competitive market will a. earn zero economic profit, that is, it will earn a normal profit. b. earn zero normal profit but it will earn an economic profit. c. remove all competitors and become a monopolistically competitive firm. d. incur an econometric normal loss but not earn an accounting profit. Page 3 of 7

4 #14 Which of the following is found ONLY in oligopoly? a. Producers who sell identical products. b. One firm s actions affect another firm s profit. c. Entry into the industry is blocked. d. Sellers face a downward sloping demand curve for their product. #15 The capture theory of regulation predicts that regulations bring to special interest group members and impose on everyone else. a. small benefits; small costs b. small benefits; large costs c. large benefits; small costs d. large benefits; large costs #16 When oligopolists make joint decisions concerning their prices and output levels, they are a. a natural oligopoly b. a cartel c. a duopoly d.. a homogeneous oligopoly #17 When OPEC meets to set prices and output levels, this is an example of a. rent seeking b. profit sharing c. market segmentation d. explicit collusion #18 All of the following are examples of barriers to entry, except one. Which is the exception? a. significant economies of scale b. reputation of established firms c. antitrust legislation d. patents Page 4 of 7

5 #19 Relative to a competitively organized industry, a monopoly a. produces less output, charges lower prices and earns economic profits. b. produces more output, charges higher prices and earns economic profits. c. produces less output, charges lower prices and earns only a normal profit. d. produces less output, charges higher prices and earns economic profits. #20 Economic profits are: a. the opportunity costs of all inputs. b. the difference between total revenue and total costs. c. a rate of profit that is just sufficient to keep owners and investors satisfied. d. anything greater than the normal opportunity cost of investing. Short Answer 10 points each #1 Ford s Strategies Rebate No Rebate Rebate Chevy s Strategies $100 I $95 $300 II -$200 No Rebate -$120 III $300 $250 $250 IV Page 5 of 7

6 Ford Motor Co. and General Motors must decide whether or not to offer rebates to purchasers of the Ford Fusion and Chevrolet Malibu, respectively. The payoff matrix above represents the weekly profit ($1,000s) available to the firms under the different rebate strategies. a. What is the dominant strategy for Ford? b. What is the dominant strategy for Chevy? c. Which quadrant represents the equilibrium that will result if both firms act independently and compete with one another? What is the name of this equilibrium? d. Which quadrant represents the equilibrium that will result if the two firms successfully collude? If the two firms collude, what is Ford s incentive to cheat on the collusive agreement? #2 Fill in the blanks in the following table describing industrial organization under the four listed market structures: Number of Firms Herfindahl- Hirschman Index Pricing Power Product Differentiation Efficient Output Level Perfect Competition 0 Yes Monopolistic Competition Some Oligopoly Few Can be either Monopoly Elasticity of Demand Some inelasticity Example Electric utility Page 6 of 7

7 #3 As long as the marginal cost of production is greater than the average variable cost, then the average variable cost is increasing. Is the preceding statement true or false? Use your knowledge of production and cost to justify your answer. #4 The diagram below shows the cost curves for a perfectly competitive wheat farmer. a. At what price does the wheat farmer shut down? b. What is the minimum price the wheat farmer must receive to earn an economic profit? c. How many bushels of wheat does the farmer produce if the price is $3.00 per bushel? d. How many bushels of wheat does the farmer produce if the price is $0.50 per bushel? #5 In B&P3, Chapter 7, it was established that an effective minimum wage increased unemployment and resulted in an inefficient labor market. However, this may not always be true. Give an example of a labor market in which an effective minimum wage leads to higher employment and greater efficiency. Use a graph in your answer. Does this type of market exist in the real world? Page 7 of 7

Learning Objectives. Chapter 6. Market Structures. Market Structures (cont.) The Two Extremes: Perfect Competition and Pure Monopoly

Learning Objectives. Chapter 6. Market Structures. Market Structures (cont.) The Two Extremes: Perfect Competition and Pure Monopoly Chapter 6 The Two Extremes: Perfect Competition and Pure Monopoly Learning Objectives List the four characteristics of a perfectly competitive market. Describe how a perfect competitor makes the decision

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chap 13 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly These questions may include topics that were not covered in class and may not be on the exam. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes

More information

Microeconomics Instructor Miller Practice Problems Monopolistic Competition

Microeconomics Instructor Miller Practice Problems Monopolistic Competition Microeconomics Instructor Miller Practice Problems Monopolistic Competition 1. A monopolistically competitive market is described as one in which there are A) a few firms producing an identical product.

More information

UNIT 6 cont PRICING UNDER DIFFERENT MARKET STRUCTURES. Monopolistic Competition

UNIT 6 cont PRICING UNDER DIFFERENT MARKET STRUCTURES. Monopolistic Competition UNIT 6 cont PRICING UNDER DIFFERENT MARKET STRUCTURES Monopolistic Competition Market Structure Perfect Competition Pure Monopoly Monopolistic Competition Oligopoly Duopoly Monopoly The further right on

More information

Chapter 7 Monopoly, Oligopoly and Strategy

Chapter 7 Monopoly, Oligopoly and Strategy Chapter 7 Monopoly, Oligopoly and Strategy After reading Chapter 7, MONOPOLY, OLIGOPOLY AND STRATEGY, you should be able to: Define the characteristics of Monopoly and Oligopoly, and explain why the are

More information

Chapter 13 Perfect Competition

Chapter 13 Perfect Competition Chapter 13 Perfect Competition 13.1 A Firm's Profit-Maximizing Choices 1) What is the difference between perfect competition and monopolistic competition? A) Perfect competition has a large number of small

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. MBA 640 Survey of Microeconomics Fall 2006, Quiz 6 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A monopoly is best defined as a firm that

More information

Econ 111 (04) 2nd Midterm A

Econ 111 (04) 2nd Midterm A Econ 111 (04) 2nd Midterm A MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which one of the following does not occur in perfect competition? A)

More information

Chapter. Perfect Competition CHAPTER IN PERSPECTIVE

Chapter. Perfect Competition CHAPTER IN PERSPECTIVE Perfect Competition Chapter 10 CHAPTER IN PERSPECTIVE In Chapter 10 we study perfect competition, the market that arises when the demand for a product is large relative to the output of a single producer.

More information

Chapter 16 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly

Chapter 16 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Chapter 16 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Market Structure Market structure refers to the physical characteristics of the market within which firms interact It is determined by the number of firms

More information

ECON101 STUDY GUIDE 7 CHAPTER 14

ECON101 STUDY GUIDE 7 CHAPTER 14 ECON101 STUDY GUIDE 7 CHAPTER 14 MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) An oligopoly firm is similar to a monopolistically competitive

More information

Final Exam (Version 1) Answers

Final Exam (Version 1) Answers Final Exam Economics 101 Fall 2003 Wallace Final Exam (Version 1) Answers 1. The marginal revenue product equals A) total revenue divided by total product (output). B) marginal revenue divided by marginal

More information

5. Suppose demand is perfectly elastic, and the supply of the good in question

5. Suppose demand is perfectly elastic, and the supply of the good in question ECON 1620 Basic Economics Principles 2010 2011 2 nd Semester Mid term test (1) : 40 multiple choice questions Time allowed : 60 minutes 1. When demand is inelastic the price elasticity of demand is (A)

More information

CHAPTER 12 MARKETS WITH MARKET POWER Microeconomics in Context (Goodwin, et al.), 2 nd Edition

CHAPTER 12 MARKETS WITH MARKET POWER Microeconomics in Context (Goodwin, et al.), 2 nd Edition CHAPTER 12 MARKETS WITH MARKET POWER Microeconomics in Context (Goodwin, et al.), 2 nd Edition Chapter Summary Now that you understand the model of a perfectly competitive market, this chapter complicates

More information

Oligopoly. Models of Oligopoly Behavior No single general model of oligopoly behavior exists. Oligopoly. Interdependence.

Oligopoly. Models of Oligopoly Behavior No single general model of oligopoly behavior exists. Oligopoly. Interdependence. Oligopoly Chapter 16-2 Models of Oligopoly Behavior No single general model of oligopoly behavior exists. Oligopoly An oligopoly is a market structure characterized by: Few firms Either standardized or

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Economics 103 Spring 2012: Multiple choice review questions for final exam. Exam will cover chapters on perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition and oligopoly up to the Nash equilibrium

More information

12 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly

12 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly 12 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Read Pindyck and Rubinfeld (2012), Chapter 12 09/04/2015 CHAPTER 12 OUTLINE 12.1 Monopolistic Competition 12.2 Oligopoly 12.3 Price Competition 12.4 Competition

More information

CHAPTER 11: MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION AND OLIGOPOLY

CHAPTER 11: MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION AND OLIGOPOLY CHAPTER 11: MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION AND OLIGOPOLY Introduction While perfect competition and monopoly represent the extremes of market structures, most American firms are found in the two market structures

More information

Oligopoly: Firms in Less Competitive Markets

Oligopoly: Firms in Less Competitive Markets Chapter 13 Oligopoly: Firms in Less Competitive Markets Prepared by: Fernando & Yvonn Quijano 2008 Prentice Hall Business Publishing Economics R. Glenn Hubbard, Anthony Patrick O Brien, 2e. Competing with

More information

Chapter 6 Competitive Markets

Chapter 6 Competitive Markets Chapter 6 Competitive Markets After reading Chapter 6, COMPETITIVE MARKETS, you should be able to: List and explain the characteristics of Perfect Competition and Monopolistic Competition Explain why a

More information

Problems on Perfect Competition & Monopoly

Problems on Perfect Competition & Monopoly Problems on Perfect Competition & Monopoly 1. True and False questions. Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false and why. (a) In long-run equilibrium, every firm in a perfectly

More information

Oligopoly. Unit 4: Imperfect Competition. Unit 4: Imperfect Competition 4-4. Oligopolies FOUR MARKET MODELS

Oligopoly. Unit 4: Imperfect Competition. Unit 4: Imperfect Competition 4-4. Oligopolies FOUR MARKET MODELS 1 Unit 4: Imperfect Competition FOUR MARKET MODELS Perfect Competition Monopolistic Competition Pure Characteristics of Oligopolies: A Few Large Producers (Less than 10) Identical or Differentiated Products

More information

Pre-Test Chapter 23 ed17

Pre-Test Chapter 23 ed17 Pre-Test Chapter 23 ed17 Multiple Choice Questions 1. The kinked-demand curve model of oligopoly: A. assumes a firm's rivals will ignore a price cut but match a price increase. B. embodies the possibility

More information

Econ 202 Exam 3 Practice Problems

Econ 202 Exam 3 Practice Problems Econ 202 Exam 3 Practice Problems Principles of Microeconomics Dr. Phillip Miller Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 13 Production and

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The four-firm concentration ratio equals the percentage of the value of accounted for by the four

More information

Ecn 221 - Unit 10 Monopolistic Competition & Oligopoly

Ecn 221 - Unit 10 Monopolistic Competition & Oligopoly Ecn 221 - Unit 10 Monopolistic Competition & Oligopoly An industry characterized by monopolistic competition is similar to the case of perfect competition in that there are many firms, and entry into the

More information

Microeconomics. Lecture Outline. Claudia Vogel. Winter Term 2009/2010. Part III Market Structure and Competitive Strategy

Microeconomics. Lecture Outline. Claudia Vogel. Winter Term 2009/2010. Part III Market Structure and Competitive Strategy Microeconomics Claudia Vogel EUV Winter Term 2009/2010 Claudia Vogel (EUV) Microeconomics Winter Term 2009/2010 1 / 25 Lecture Outline Part III Market Structure and Competitive Strategy 12 Monopolistic

More information

13 MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION AND OLIGOPOLY. Chapter. Key Concepts

13 MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION AND OLIGOPOLY. Chapter. Key Concepts Chapter 13 MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION AND OLIGOPOLY Key Concepts Monopolistic Competition The market structure of most industries lies between the extremes of perfect competition and monopoly. Monopolistic

More information

Economics Chapter 7 Market Structures. Perfect competition is a in which a large number of all produce.

Economics Chapter 7 Market Structures. Perfect competition is a in which a large number of all produce. Economics Chapter 7 Market Structures Perfect competition is a in which a large number of all produce. There are Four Conditions for Perfect Competition: 1. 2. 3. 4. Barriers to Entry Factors that make

More information

Econ 201 Final Exam. Douglas, Fall 2007 Version A Special Codes 00000. PLEDGE: I have neither given nor received unauthorized help on this exam.

Econ 201 Final Exam. Douglas, Fall 2007 Version A Special Codes 00000. PLEDGE: I have neither given nor received unauthorized help on this exam. , Fall 2007 Version A Special Codes 00000 PLEDGE: I have neither given nor received unauthorized help on this exam. SIGNED: PRINT NAME: Econ 201 Final Exam 1. For a profit-maximizing monopolist, a. MR

More information

Practice Multiple Choice Questions Answers are bolded. Explanations to come soon!!

Practice Multiple Choice Questions Answers are bolded. Explanations to come soon!! Practice Multiple Choice Questions Answers are bolded. Explanations to come soon!! For more, please visit: http://courses.missouristate.edu/reedolsen/courses/eco165/qeq.htm Market Equilibrium and Applications

More information

4. Market Structures. Learning Objectives 4-63. Market Structures

4. Market Structures. Learning Objectives 4-63. Market Structures 1. Supply and Demand: Introduction 3 2. Supply and Demand: Consumer Demand 33 3. Supply and Demand: Company Analysis 43 4. Market Structures 63 5. Key Formulas 81 2014 Allen Resources, Inc. All rights

More information

CHAPTER 18 MARKETS WITH MARKET POWER Principles of Economics in Context (Goodwin et al.)

CHAPTER 18 MARKETS WITH MARKET POWER Principles of Economics in Context (Goodwin et al.) CHAPTER 18 MARKETS WITH MARKET POWER Principles of Economics in Context (Goodwin et al.) Chapter Summary Now that you understand the model of a perfectly competitive market, this chapter complicates the

More information

SUPPLY AND DEMAND : HOW MARKETS WORK

SUPPLY AND DEMAND : HOW MARKETS WORK SUPPLY AND DEMAND : HOW MARKETS WORK Chapter 4 : The Market Forces of and and demand are the two words that economists use most often. and demand are the forces that make market economies work. Modern

More information

CHAPTER 6 MARKET STRUCTURE

CHAPTER 6 MARKET STRUCTURE CHAPTER 6 MARKET STRUCTURE CHAPTER SUMMARY This chapter presents an economic analysis of market structure. It starts with perfect competition as a benchmark. Potential barriers to entry, that might limit

More information

Pricing and Output Decisions: i Perfect. Managerial Economics: Economic Tools for Today s Decision Makers, 4/e By Paul Keat and Philip Young

Pricing and Output Decisions: i Perfect. Managerial Economics: Economic Tools for Today s Decision Makers, 4/e By Paul Keat and Philip Young Chapter 9 Pricing and Output Decisions: i Perfect Competition and Monopoly M i l E i E i Managerial Economics: Economic Tools for Today s Decision Makers, 4/e By Paul Keat and Philip Young Pricing and

More information

Chapter 8 Production Technology and Costs 8.1 Economic Costs and Economic Profit

Chapter 8 Production Technology and Costs 8.1 Economic Costs and Economic Profit Chapter 8 Production Technology and Costs 8.1 Economic Costs and Economic Profit 1) Accountants include costs as part of a firm's costs, while economists include costs. A) explicit; no explicit B) implicit;

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Test 2 Review Econ 201, V. Tremblay MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Barbara left a $25,000 job as an architect to run a catering

More information

When other firms see these potential profits they will enter the industry, causing a downward shift in the demand for a given firm s product.

When other firms see these potential profits they will enter the industry, causing a downward shift in the demand for a given firm s product. Characteristics of Monopolistic Competition large number of firms differentiated products (ie. substitutes) freedom of entry and exit Examples Upholstered furniture: firms; HHI* = 395 Jewelry and Silverware:

More information

b. Cost of Any Action is measure in foregone opportunities c.,marginal costs and benefits in decision making

b. Cost of Any Action is measure in foregone opportunities c.,marginal costs and benefits in decision making 1 Economics 130-Windward Community College Review Sheet for the Final Exam This final exam is comprehensive in nature and in scope. The test will be divided into two parts: a multiple-choice section and

More information

Variable Cost. Marginal Cost. Average Variable Cost 0 $50 $50 $0 -- -- -- -- 1 $150 A B C D E F 2 G H I $120 J K L 3 M N O P Q $120 R

Variable Cost. Marginal Cost. Average Variable Cost 0 $50 $50 $0 -- -- -- -- 1 $150 A B C D E F 2 G H I $120 J K L 3 M N O P Q $120 R Class: Date: ID: A Principles Fall 2013 Midterm 3 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Trevor s Tire Company produced and sold 500 tires. The

More information

Figure: Computing Monopoly Profit

Figure: Computing Monopoly Profit Name: Date: 1. Most electric, gas, and water companies are examples of: A) unregulated monopolies. B) natural monopolies. C) restricted-input monopolies. D) sunk-cost monopolies. Use the following to answer

More information

AGEC 105 Spring 2016 Homework 7. 1. Consider a monopolist that faces the demand curve given in the following table.

AGEC 105 Spring 2016 Homework 7. 1. Consider a monopolist that faces the demand curve given in the following table. AGEC 105 Spring 2016 Homework 7 1. Consider a monopolist that faces the demand curve given in the following table. a. Fill in the table by calculating total revenue and marginal revenue at each price.

More information

AP Microeconomics. Practice Exam. Advanced Placement Program

AP Microeconomics. Practice Exam. Advanced Placement Program Advanced Placement Program AP Microeconomics Practice Exam The questions contained in this AP Microeconomics Practice Exam are written to the content specifications of AP Exams for this subject. Taking

More information

UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT MICRO ECONOMICS - II

UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT MICRO ECONOMICS - II UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION BA ECONOMICS III SEMESTER CORE COURSE (2011 Admission onwards) MICRO ECONOMICS - II QUESTION BANK 1. Which of the following industry is most closely approximates

More information

Oligopoly: How do firms behave when there are only a few competitors? These firms produce all or most of their industry s output.

Oligopoly: How do firms behave when there are only a few competitors? These firms produce all or most of their industry s output. Topic 8 Chapter 13 Oligopoly and Monopolistic Competition Econ 203 Topic 8 page 1 Oligopoly: How do firms behave when there are only a few competitors? These firms produce all or most of their industry

More information

ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS

ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS 23-1 Briefly indicate the basic characteristics of pure competition, pure monopoly, monopolistic competition, and oligopoly. Under which of these market classifications

More information

Write down the names of three companies: competition. major competitors.

Write down the names of three companies: competition. major competitors. Write down the names of three companies: 1. Company with very little competition. 2. Company with two to three major competitors. 3. Company with many competitors. Which situation do you think describes

More information

Practice Questions Week 8 Day 1

Practice Questions Week 8 Day 1 Practice Questions Week 8 Day 1 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The characteristics of a market that influence the behavior of market participants

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 11 Perfect Competition - Sample Questions MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Perfect competition is an industry with A) a

More information

Economics 100 Exam 2

Economics 100 Exam 2 Name: 1. During the long run: Economics 100 Exam 2 A. Output is limited because of the law of diminishing returns B. The scale of operations cannot be changed C. The firm must decide how to use the current

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question on the accompanying scantron.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question on the accompanying scantron. Principles of Microeconomics Fall 2007, Quiz #6 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question on the accompanying scantron. 1) A monopoly is

More information

Northern University Bangladesh

Northern University Bangladesh Northern University Bangladesh Managerial Economics ( MBA 5208) Session # 09 Oligopoly & Monopolistic Competition Prof. Mahmudul Alam (PMA) 23 September, 2011 (Friday) 1 1. Monopolistic Competition & Oligopoly

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 6 - Markets in Action - Sample Questions MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The short-run impact of the San Francisco earthquake

More information

Chapter 14. Oligopoly

Chapter 14. Oligopoly Chapter 14. Oligopoly Instructor: JINKOOK LEE Department of Economics / Texas A&M University ECON 202 504 Principles of Microeconomics Oligopoly Market Oligopoly: A market structure in which a small number

More information

11 PERFECT COMPETITION. Chapter. Competition

11 PERFECT COMPETITION. Chapter. Competition Chapter 11 PERFECT COMPETITION Competition Topic: Perfect Competition 1) Perfect competition is an industry with A) a few firms producing identical goods B) a few firms producing goods that differ somewhat

More information

國 立 高 雄 第 一 科 技 大 學 管 理 學 院 暨 財 金 學 院 1 0 3 學 年 度 第 1 學 期 經 濟 學 期 末 會 考 題 目 卷 ( A ) I. Production and Cost

國 立 高 雄 第 一 科 技 大 學 管 理 學 院 暨 財 金 學 院 1 0 3 學 年 度 第 1 學 期 經 濟 學 期 末 會 考 題 目 卷 ( A ) I. Production and Cost 國 立 高 雄 第 一 科 技 大 學 管 理 學 院 暨 財 金 學 院 1 0 3 學 年 度 第 1 學 期 經 濟 學 期 末 會 考 題 目 卷 ( A ) I. Production and Cost 1. The short run is the time frame A. during which the quantities of all resources are fixed.

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 11 Monopoly practice Davidson spring2007 MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A monopoly industry is characterized by 1) A)

More information

Chapter 7: Market Structures Section 3

Chapter 7: Market Structures Section 3 Chapter 7: Market Structures Section 3 Objectives 1. Describe characteristics and give examples of monopolistic competition. 2. Explain how firms compete without lowering prices. 3. Understand how firms

More information

Chapter 7: Market Structures Section 1

Chapter 7: Market Structures Section 1 Chapter 7: Market Structures Section 1 Key Terms perfect competition: a market structure in which a large number of firms all produce the same product and no single seller controls supply or prices commodity:

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) If a producing firm does not have enough time to expand its plant capacity, it is: A)

More information

Market is a network of dealings between buyers and sellers.

Market is a network of dealings between buyers and sellers. Market is a network of dealings between buyers and sellers. Market is the characteristic phenomenon of economic life and the constitution of markets and market prices is the central problem of Economics.

More information

Market Structure: Oligopoly (Imperfect Competition)

Market Structure: Oligopoly (Imperfect Competition) Market Structure: Oligopoly (Imperfect Competition) I. Characteristics of Imperfectly Competitive Industries A. Monopolistic Competition large number of potential buyers and sellers differentiated product

More information

Economics Instructor Miller Oligopoly Practice Problems

Economics Instructor Miller Oligopoly Practice Problems Economics Instructor Miller Oligopoly Practice Problems 1. An oligopolistic industry is characterized by all of the following except A) existence of entry barriers. B) the possibility of reaping long run

More information

Chapter 6 MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS

Chapter 6 MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS Chapter 6 MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUETION 1. Which one of the following is generally considered a characteristic of a perfectly competitive labor market? a. A few workers of varying skills and capabilities b.

More information

Models of Imperfect Competition

Models of Imperfect Competition Models of Imperfect Competition Monopolistic Competition Oligopoly Models of Imperfect Competition So far, we have discussed two forms of market competition that are difficult to observe in practice Perfect

More information

Econ 101, section 3, F06 Schroeter Exam #4, Red. Choose the single best answer for each question.

Econ 101, section 3, F06 Schroeter Exam #4, Red. Choose the single best answer for each question. Econ 101, section 3, F06 Schroeter Exam #4, Red Choose the single best answer for each question. 1. Profit is defined as a. net revenue minus depreciation. *. total revenue minus total cost. c. average

More information

MODULE 64: INTRODUCTION TO OLIGOPOLY Schmidty School of Economics. Wednesday, December 4, 2013 9:20:15 PM Central Standard Time

MODULE 64: INTRODUCTION TO OLIGOPOLY Schmidty School of Economics. Wednesday, December 4, 2013 9:20:15 PM Central Standard Time MODULE 64: INTRODUCTION TO OLIGOPOLY Schmidty School of Economics Learning Targets I Can Understand why oligopolists have an incentive to act in ways that reduce their combined profit. Explain why oligopolies

More information

Miami Dade College ECO 2023 Principles of Microeconomics - Fall 2014 Practice Test #3

Miami Dade College ECO 2023 Principles of Microeconomics - Fall 2014 Practice Test #3 Miami Dade College ECO 2023 Principles of Microeconomics - Fall 2014 Practice Test #3 1. Papabear Corporation is a single seller of Wonderstuff. There are two substitutes for Wonderstuff. Given this situation,

More information

Chapter 16 Oligopoly. 16.1 What Is Oligopoly? 1) Describe the characteristics of an oligopoly.

Chapter 16 Oligopoly. 16.1 What Is Oligopoly? 1) Describe the characteristics of an oligopoly. Chapter 16 Oligopoly 16.1 What Is Oligopoly? 1) Describe the characteristics of an oligopoly. Answer: There are a small number of firms that act interdependently. They are tempted to form a cartel and

More information

Unit 7. Firm behaviour and market structure: monopoly

Unit 7. Firm behaviour and market structure: monopoly Unit 7. Firm behaviour and market structure: monopoly Learning objectives: to identify and examine the sources of monopoly power; to understand the relationship between a monopolist s demand curve and

More information

Economics Chapter 7 Review

Economics Chapter 7 Review Name: Class: Date: ID: A Economics Chapter 7 Review Matching a. perfect competition e. imperfect competition b. efficiency f. price and output c. start-up costs g. technological barrier d. commodity h.

More information

Managerial Economics & Business Strategy Chapter 8. Managing in Competitive, Monopolistic, and Monopolistically Competitive Markets

Managerial Economics & Business Strategy Chapter 8. Managing in Competitive, Monopolistic, and Monopolistically Competitive Markets Managerial Economics & Business Strategy Chapter 8 Managing in Competitive, Monopolistic, and Monopolistically Competitive Markets I. Perfect Competition Overview Characteristics and profit outlook. Effect

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Practice for Perfect Competition Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which of the following is a defining characteristic of a

More information

This hand-out gives an overview of the main market structures including perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition, and oligopoly.

This hand-out gives an overview of the main market structures including perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition, and oligopoly. Market Structures This hand-out gives an overview of the main market structures including perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition, and oligopoly. Summary Chart Perfect Competition Monopoly

More information

Oligopoly and Strategic Pricing

Oligopoly and Strategic Pricing R.E.Marks 1998 Oligopoly 1 R.E.Marks 1998 Oligopoly Oligopoly and Strategic Pricing In this section we consider how firms compete when there are few sellers an oligopolistic market (from the Greek). Small

More information

Extreme cases. In between cases

Extreme cases. In between cases CHAPTER 16 OLIGOPOLY FOUR TYPES OF MARKET STRUCTURE Extreme cases PERFECTLY COMPETITION Many firms No barriers to entry Identical products MONOPOLY One firm Huge barriers to entry Unique product In between

More information

Chapter 14 Monopoly. 14.1 Monopoly and How It Arises

Chapter 14 Monopoly. 14.1 Monopoly and How It Arises Chapter 14 Monopoly 14.1 Monopoly and How It Arises 1) One of the requirements for a monopoly is that A) products are high priced. B) there are several close substitutes for the product. C) there is a

More information

Oligopoly. Oligopoly is a market structure in which the number of sellers is small.

Oligopoly. Oligopoly is a market structure in which the number of sellers is small. Oligopoly Oligopoly is a market structure in which the number of sellers is small. Oligopoly requires strategic thinking, unlike perfect competition, monopoly, and monopolistic competition. Under perfect

More information

BPE_MIC1 Microeconomics 1 Fall Semester 2011

BPE_MIC1 Microeconomics 1 Fall Semester 2011 Masaryk University - Brno Department of Economics Faculty of Economics and Administration BPE_MIC1 Microeconomics 1 Fall Semester 2011 Final Exam - 05.12.2011, 9:00-10:30 a.m. Test A Guidelines and Rules:

More information

CHAPTER 9: PURE COMPETITION

CHAPTER 9: PURE COMPETITION CHAPTER 9: PURE COMPETITION Introduction In Chapters 9-11, we reach the heart of microeconomics, the concepts which comprise more than a quarter of the AP microeconomics exam. With a fuller understanding

More information

BASIC MARKET ELEMENTS. Supply Demand Price Competition

BASIC MARKET ELEMENTS. Supply Demand Price Competition BASIC MARKET ELEMENTS Supply Demand Price Competition Supply Supply is the quantity of goods that firms are willing to produce and sale with respect to the market price when all other conditions (like

More information

Monopoly. Chapter 13. Monopoly and How It Arises. Single-price Monopoly. Monopoly and Competition Compared. Price Discrimination

Monopoly. Chapter 13. Monopoly and How It Arises. Single-price Monopoly. Monopoly and Competition Compared. Price Discrimination CHAPTER CHECKLIST Monopoly Chapter 13 1. Explain how monopoly arises and distinguish between single-price monopoly and price-discriminating monopoly. 2. Explain how a single-price monopoly determines its

More information

Chapter 05 Perfect Competition, Monopoly, and Economic

Chapter 05 Perfect Competition, Monopoly, and Economic Chapter 05 Perfect Competition, Monopoly, and Economic Multiple Choice Questions Use Figure 5.1 to answer questions 1-2: Figure 5.1 1. In Figure 5.1 above, what output would a perfect competitor produce?

More information

Chapter 11: Price-Searcher Markets with High Entry Barriers

Chapter 11: Price-Searcher Markets with High Entry Barriers Chapter 11: Price-Searcher Markets with High Entry Barriers I. Why are entry barriers sometimes high? A. Economies of Scale in some markets average total costs fall over the full range of output. Therefore

More information

Monopolistic Competition

Monopolistic Competition In this chapter, look for the answers to these questions: How is similar to perfect? How is it similar to monopoly? How do ally competitive firms choose price and? Do they earn economic profit? In what

More information

CHAPTER 11 PRICE AND OUTPUT IN MONOPOLY, MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION, AND PERFECT COMPETITION

CHAPTER 11 PRICE AND OUTPUT IN MONOPOLY, MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION, AND PERFECT COMPETITION CHAPTER 11 PRICE AND OUTPUT IN MONOPOLY, MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION, AND PERFECT COMPETITION Chapter in a Nutshell Now that we understand the characteristics of different market structures, we ask the question

More information

Market Structure: Perfect Competition and Monopoly

Market Structure: Perfect Competition and Monopoly WSG8 7/7/03 4:34 PM Page 113 8 Market Structure: Perfect Competition and Monopoly OVERVIEW One of the most important decisions made by a manager is how to price the firm s product. If the firm is a profit

More information

A. a change in demand. B. a change in quantity demanded. C. a change in quantity supplied. D. unit elasticity. E. a change in average variable cost.

A. a change in demand. B. a change in quantity demanded. C. a change in quantity supplied. D. unit elasticity. E. a change in average variable cost. 1. The supply of gasoline changes, causing the price of gasoline to change. The resulting movement from one point to another along the demand curve for gasoline is called A. a change in demand. B. a change

More information

Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly, and maybe some Game Theory

Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly, and maybe some Game Theory Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly, and maybe some Game Theory Now that we have considered the extremes in market structure in the form of perfect competition and monopoly, we turn to market structures

More information

AP Microeconomics Review

AP Microeconomics Review AP Microeconomics Review 1. Firm in Perfect Competition (Long-Run Equilibrium) 2. Monopoly Industry with comparison of price & output of a Perfectly Competitive Industry 3. Natural Monopoly with Fair-Return

More information

Understanding Economics 2nd edition by Mark Lovewell and Khoa Nguyen

Understanding Economics 2nd edition by Mark Lovewell and Khoa Nguyen Understanding Economics 2nd edition by Mark Lovewell and Khoa Nguyen Chapter 5 Perfect Competition Chapter Objectives! In this chapter you will: " Consider the four market structures, and the main differences

More information

chapter: Solution Monopolistic Competition and Product Differentiation

chapter: Solution Monopolistic Competition and Product Differentiation S221-S230_Krugman2e_PS_Ch16.qxp 9/16/08 9:23 PM Page S-221 Monopolistic Competition and Product Differentiation chapter: 16 1. Use the three conditions for monopolistic competition discussed in the chapter

More information

Price competition with homogenous products: The Bertrand duopoly model [Simultaneous move price setting duopoly]

Price competition with homogenous products: The Bertrand duopoly model [Simultaneous move price setting duopoly] ECON9 (Spring 0) & 350 (Tutorial ) Chapter Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly (Part ) Price competition with homogenous products: The Bertrand duopoly model [Simultaneous move price setting duopoly]

More information

Chapter 12 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly

Chapter 12 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Chapter Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Review Questions. What are the characteristics of a monopolistically competitive market? What happens to the equilibrium price and quantity in such a market

More information

1. Supply and demand are the most important concepts in economics.

1. Supply and demand are the most important concepts in economics. Page 1 1. Supply and demand are the most important concepts in economics. 2. Markets and Competition a. Market is a group of buyers and sellers of a particular good or service. P. 66. b. These individuals

More information

Rutgers University Economics 102: Introductory Microeconomics Professor Altshuler Fall 2003

Rutgers University Economics 102: Introductory Microeconomics Professor Altshuler Fall 2003 Rutgers University Economics 102: Introductory Microeconomics Professor Altshuler Fall 2003 Answers to Problem Set 11 Chapter 16 2. a. If there were many suppliers of diamonds, price would equal marginal

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) It is efficient to produce an additional shirt if A) the marginal benefit of producing the shirt

More information

Market Structure: Duopoly and Oligopoly

Market Structure: Duopoly and Oligopoly WSG10 7/7/03 4:24 PM Page 145 10 Market Structure: Duopoly and Oligopoly OVERVIEW An oligopoly is an industry comprising a few firms. A duopoly, which is a special case of oligopoly, is an industry consisting

More information

EXAM TWO REVIEW: A. Explicit Cost vs. Implicit Cost and Accounting Costs vs. Economic Costs:

EXAM TWO REVIEW: A. Explicit Cost vs. Implicit Cost and Accounting Costs vs. Economic Costs: EXAM TWO REVIEW: A. Explicit Cost vs. Implicit Cost and Accounting Costs vs. Economic Costs: Economic Cost: the monetary value of all inputs used in a particular activity or enterprise over a given period.

More information