Laser-Assisted Fabrication of Materials

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1 Springer Series in Materials Science 161 Laser-Assisted Fabrication of Materials Bearbeitet von Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar, Indranil Manna 1. Auflage Buch. xxxii, 488 S. Hardcover ISBN Format (B x L): 15,5 x 23,5 cm Gewicht: 937 g Weitere Fachgebiete > Technik > Technik Allgemein > Technische Optik, Lasertechnologie Zu Leseprobe schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei Die Online-Fachbuchhandlung beck-shop.de ist spezialisiert auf Fachbücher, insbesondere Recht, Steuern und Wirtschaft. Im Sortiment finden Sie alle Medien (Bücher, Zeitschriften, CDs, ebooks, etc.) aller Verlage. Ergänzt wird das Programm durch Services wie Neuerscheinungsdienst oder Zusammenstellungen von Büchern zu Sonderpreisen. Der Shop führt mehr als 8 Millionen Produkte.

2 Contents 1 Introduction to Laser-Assisted Fabrication of Materials Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar and Indranil Manna 1.1 Introduction Principle, Type, and Application of Laser Solid-State Laser Semiconductor or Diode Lasers Gas-Based Lasers Free-Electron Lasers Ultra High Field Lasers Excimer Lasers Laser Matter Interaction for Material Processing Lattice Heating Spatial Distribution of Deposited Energy Heat Transfer by Laser Irradiation Plasma Formation During Laser Irradiation Effect of Ultra High Power Laser Irradiation Application of Laser Laser Assisted Fabrication of Engineering Materials Laser Assisted Shaping Laser Assisted Bending Laser Rapid Prototyping Laser Joining Laser Machining Laser Cutting Laser Drilling Laser Cleaning Laser Surface Engineering Laser Transformation Hardening Laser Surface Melting Laser Surface Alloying xvii

3 xviii Contents Laser Composite Surfacing Laser Shock Processing Laser Surface Engineering of Ceramics Laser Surface Engineering of Polymers Summary and Future Scope Future Challenges References High Power Lasers in Material Processing Applications: An Overview of Recent Developments A. K. Nath 2.1 Introduction Recent Developments in High Power Lasers High Power CO 2 Laser High Power Diode Laser Nd:YAG Lasers Diode Pumped Solid-State Rod Type and Slab Lasers High Power Thin Disc Laser Fiber Laser Ceramic YAG Lasers Excimer Lasers High Average Power Pulsed Lasers Ultrafast Lasers Laser Material Interaction Basic Absorption Mechanism of Laser Radiation in Materials Effect of Spatial Characteristic of Laser Beam Effect of Laser Pulse Duration Material Removal Mechanisms Recent Developments in Laser Material Processing Applications Conclusions References Laser-Assisted Machining: Current Status and Future Scope M. Brandt and S. Sun 3.1 Introduction Engineering Materials and Their Machinability Ceramics Nickel-Based Superalloy: Inconel Titanium and its Alloys Hardened Steels Metal Matrix Composites

4 Contents xix 3.3 Laser-Assisted Machining and its Principles Traditional Laser-Assisted Machining Non-Traditional Laser-Assisted Machining Temperature Rise on the Workpiece Surface Due to Laser Radiation Improvement of Machinability by Laser Beam Assistance Cutting Force and Specific Cutting Energy Material Removal Mechanisms and Chip Formation Proposition of a Physical Model for Chip Segmentation Tool Materials and Wear Surface Integrity Optimization and Energy Efficiency of LAM Numerical Simulation of LAM Future Scope of LAM References Laser-Based Joining of Metallic and Non-Metallic Materials G. Padmanabham and B. Shanmugarajan 4.1 Introduction Classification of Laser-Based Joining Processes Principle of Keyhole and Factors Affecting Keyhole Stability Lasers and System Technology for Welding Laser Welding Parameters Pulsed Laser Welding Laser Welding of Different Materials Laser Welding of Steels Aluminum Alloys Titanium Alloys Nickel-Based Alloys Magnesium Alloys Conducting Materials Dissimilar Materials Limitations of Laser Welding Laser Welding Process Control Tools Seam Tracking Weld Monitors Gap Bridging by Wire Feed Innovations in Laser Welding Laser Hybrid Welding Induction-Assisted Laser Welding Remote Welding Dual Beam Welding

5 xx Contents 4.11 Laser Brazing Zn-Coated Steels Aluminum Steel Brazing Laser Selective Soldering Laser Welding of Non-Metallic Materials Plastic Welding Laser Joining of Metal and Plastic Applications of Laser Welding and Brazing Tailor Welded Blanks Medical Devices Automotive Body Li-Ion Battery Joining of Stiffeners to the Skin in the Fuselage Belly Area Solar Absorber Plates Cu/Al Plate-Cu Tube Welding Laser Hybrid Pipeline Welding References Direct Laser Cladding, Current Status and Future Scope of Application A. Weisheit, A. Gasser, G. Backes, T. Jambor, N. Pirch and K. Wissenbach 5.1 Introduction Fundamentals of Direct Laser Cladding Laser Beam Sources and Specific Advantages of Laser Cladding Fundamentals of the Laser Cladding Process Fundamentals of Laser Remelting Principle and Material Requirements for the Laser Cladding Process Powder Injection Material Aspects of Laser Cladding Materials Microstructure Applications Future Trends for Laser Cladding Micro Laser Cladding Novel Materials Additive Manufacturing References

6 Contents xxi 6 An Introduction to Laser-Assisted Microfabrication, Current Status and Future Scope of Application A. Ostendorf 6.1 Introduction Laser Pulse Generation and Interaction with Matter Gain Switching Q-Switching Cavity Dumping Mode-Locking Active Mode-Locking Passive Mode-Locking Interaction of Short Pulses with Matter Basic Processes Structuring by Material Removal Generative Processes Nanostructuring Applications Cardiovascular Implants Solar Cell Processing Machining of Nozzles Summary and Conclusions References Laser Surface Processing of Polymers for Biomedical Applications David Waugh and Jonathan Lawrence 7.1 Polymers as Biomaterials and In Vitro Experimentation Polymeric Biomaterials In Vitro Experimentation of Materials Wettability in Biomaterials Surface Science Contact Angle and Wettability Surface Modification Techniques Radiation and Photografting Plasma Surface Modification Ion and Electron Beam Processing Laser Surface Modification Experimental Technique Laser Irradiation Procedure Topography, Wettability Characteristics, and Surface Chemistry Analysis In Vitro Experimentation SEM and Optical Microscopy Analysis of In Vitro Samples Statistical Analysis

7 xxii Contents 7.5 Effect of Laser Patterning on Topography Effect of Laser Irradiation on the Wettability Characteristics Effect of Laser Patterning on Osteoblast Cell Bioactivity and SBF Response SBF Response to Laser Patterning Osteoblast Cell Bioactivity: 24 h After Seeding Osteoblast Cell Bioactivity: 4 Days After Seeding Summary References Laser Micro and Nano Processing of Metals, Ceramics, and Polymers Wilhelm Pfleging, Robert Kohler, Isabelle Südmeyer and Magnus Rohde 8.1 Introduction Fundamental Aspects of Laser Material Processing Modeling and Simulation Polymer Materials Thermally Driven Ablation Cold Laser Ablation Modification Ceramics, Glass Ceramics, and Glasses Laser Patterning Modification of Surfaces by Dispersing and Cladding Structuring and Annealing of Battery Materials Joining with Laser Beams Welding of Thin Metal Sheets Metal Ceramics Joining Laser Transmission Welding of Polymers Conclusion References Temperature Monitoring by Optical Methods in Laser Processing I. Smurov and M. Doubenskaia 9.1 Introduction Theoretical Background of Pyrometry Diagnostics Facilities Pyrometers Performance Data Results and Discussion Surface Temperature Evolution in Pulsed and Pulsed Periodic Laser Action of Millisecond Range

8 Contents xxiii Laser Welding Laser Cladding Selective Laser Melting Conclusions References Emerging Laser Materials Processing Techniques for Future Industrial Applications L. M. Kukreja, R. Kaul, C. P. Paul, P. Ganesh and B. T. Rao 10.1 Introduction Laser Rapid Manufacturing Laser Rapid Manufacturing of Colmonoy-6 Bushes Laser Rapid Manufacturing of Low-Cost Tools Laser Rapid Manufacturing of Porous Materials Laser Rapid Manufacturing of Bimetallic Components Mechanical Properties of Laser Rapid Manufactured Structures of Inconel 625 and Type 316L SS Prognostication Laser Surface Melting Treatment for Enhanced Resistance of Austenitic Stainless Steel Against Inter-Granular Corrosion Laser Surface Treatment of Type 304 SS Post-Weld Laser Surface Treatment of Type 316(N) SS Weld Metal Pre-Weld Laser Surface Treatment oftype304ss Prognostication Laser Shock Peening Surface Treatment for Enhanced Fatigue Performance of Automobile Components Laser Shock Peening Treatment with Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser Prognostication CO 2 Laser-GTAW Hybrid Welding Interaction of Gas Tungsten Arc (GTA) and Laser-Generated Plasma During Hybrid Welding Prognostication Laser Profile Cutting of Metal Sheets Laser Piercing with Power Modulation for Improved Profile Cutting

9 xxiv Contents Laser Power Modulation Controls Adverse Effects of Periodic Power Fluctuations Laser Cutting with Power Modulation Improves Cut Edge Quality Laser-Assisted Oxygen (LASOX) Cutting of Thick Steel Plates Prognostication Summary and Conclusions References Index Curriculum Vitae

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