UNIT 13: Ancient Egypt Exercises, activities and tasks

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1 UNIT 13: Ancient Egypt Exercises, activities and tasks 1) Egypt is in which continent? America Europe Africa Asia 2) Egypt was divided into 2 zones. What were they called? 3) Was Ancient Egypt a river civilization? Yes No 4) What are the rivers called near Egypt? In the NORTH In the EAST 5) How many years (approximately) did the Ancient Egypt Civilization last for? 100 years 2000 years 30,000 years 3000 years 6) Did the history of Ancient Egypt happen before or after Jesus Christ? Before Christ (BC) After Death (AD) 7) Put the following stages in order: ANCIENT EMPIRE NEW EMPIRE MIDDLE EMPIRE 8) What do the words Privileged and minority mean? Privileged: Minority: 9) What is the difference between slaves and servants? 10) Which of the following did the Egyptians worship? Gods Pharaohs Peasants Nature Priests Paintings Tombs 11) What were the names of the three types of tombs?

2 1) 2) 3) 12) True or false: Osiris was the god of life They believed in life after death The Egyptians were polytheistic: they believed in many gods. The Egypt temple is the Ziggurat. The Egyptian writing is cuneiform. Small statues, jewels and other treasures are placed in the tombs of important people. All Egyptian people go to the temple for visiting the god statue. The hieroglyphs are letters and drawings. The Egyptians believe in the afterlife The Templo de Debod is in Barcelona The main god was the God of the sun The women had no rights The paintings were about Religion and politics The River Nile was not very important for the Egyptians The most powerful person was the Priest Egyptians made paper from a plant called papyrus 13. Fill in the blanks. The had all the power in Egyptian Civilization. People believed that the Pharaoh s were. The civilization of Ancient Egypt lasted around years. The Ancient Egyptians lived Jesus Christ. The river was their main source of water. Nine out of ten Egyptians were. The Egyptian women had some. The Egyptians believed in many The most important God was the God of the. The Egyptians believed in life after. Egyptian ART was influenced by and politics. The painters did not have the to choose what they painted. VOCABULARY: Peasants, Pharaoh, rights, 3000, religion, Nile, Gods, Sun, before, Gods, death, freedom 14) Talk about the features of this painting:

3 15) Complete: 1. The Egyptian civilization developed along the between 3100 BC and 31 BC. 2. Nine out every ten Egyptians were. There were also craftsmen, merchants, warriors and slaves. 3. The Egyptian believed in and in life after death. They built colossal monuments: temples and Vocabulary: river Nile, many gods, tombs, peasants. 16) Complete: 1. The country where you will find pyramids and camels is: a) Greece b) Egypt c) Nigeria d) Kenya 2. The first people to live in Egypt moved next to the : a) desert b) Mediterranean Sea c) Nile River d) mountains 3. After Menes joined Upper and Lower Egypt, Egypt's ruler was called a: a) priest b) god c) king d) pharaoh 4. One famous pharaoh was: a) Khufu b) Rosetta c) Hebrew d) Hieroglyph 5. The paper made form reeds that grew in the Nile Delta was called: a) linen b) papyrus c) scroll d) silt 6. The Stone tells the same story three times: once in Ancient Egyptian, once in a new Egyptian language, and once in Greek. a) Rosetta b) Hebrew c) Canopic d) Hieroglyphic 7. Ancient Egypt's economy was based on: a) invasions b) building c) farming d) fishing 8. Egyptian writing is called:

4 a) Sphinx b) Scribes c) Carvings d) Hieroglyphics 9. was a well loved pharaoh of Egypt whose brother drowned him, then cut up his body, and put the pieces all over Egypt. a) Osiris b) Set c) King Tut d) Khufu 10. Most of Egypt is made up of: a) islands b) mountains c) desert d) forest 11. The seasonal flooding of the Nile River caused the land to be: a) covered with large rocks b) stripped of needed minerals c) too wet and muddy d) very rich and fertile 12. The organs of the mummies were removed and placed in jars. a) canopic b) temple c) pyramid d) papyrus 13. Mummies were buried in: a) pyramids b) empires c) brick tombs d) canopic jars 14. Next to the Great Pyramid is a statue with a lion's body and a human head. It is called the: a) Temple Gate b) Osiris Tomb c) Sphinx d) Rosetta Stone 15. Most Ancient Egyptian writing is about: a) trading and exploring b) farming and fishing c) religion and government d) building and planning 16. The pharaohs of Ancient Egypt were: a) elected by the people b) born into the position c) selected by government officials 17. People who were trained to write hieroglyphics were called:

5 a) scribes b) priests c) slaves d) officials 18. We learned the meaning of Egyptian hieroglyphics by studying the: a) Nile River b) Great Pyramid c) Sphinx d) Rosetta Stone 19. What was the main crop raised by the Ancient Egyptians? a) rice b) wheat c) corn d) barley 20. Which people were just below the pharaoh and his family on the social pyramid? a) doctors and teachers b) salesmen and architects c) priests and government officials d) farmers and slaves 21. The Nile River empties into the: a) Red Sea b) Euphrates River c) Mediterranean Sea d) Tigris River 22. Lower Egypt is located in the: a) north b) south c) east d) west 23. One reason objects from Ancient Egypt are still around today for us to study is: a) storage houses were built b) records were kept in stone c) the pharaohs stored everything in canopic jars d) because Egypt is so dry things don't rot 24. In November 1922 the discovery of tomb helped modern people understand the life of the Ancient Egyptians. a) King Tut's b) Isis's c) Osiris's d) Queen Hatshepsuts's 25. Preparing a mummy took days. a) 7 b) 70 c) 12 d) 25

6 26. The Great Pyramid for Pharaoh Khufu is feet high. a) 1000 b) 100 c) 45 d) The Egyptian calendar had days. a) 100 b) 365 c) 400 d) Egyptians all wore make up. a) eye b) lip c) face 29. Egyptians invented: a) bronze b) books c) saddle d) toilet 30. Pharaohs never went in public without: a) a head dress b) sandals c) cloak d) shepherd's crook and flail (library.thinkquest.org) 17) First read carefully the text and then try match the Egyptians Gods and Goddess: Gods and Goddess: Ra is the sun god. He is the most important god of the ancient Egyptians. Appearance: Man with a sun disk. Osiris is the god of the dead. Osiris is the brother and husband of Isis, and the brother of Nephthys and Seth. He is also the father of Horus. Isis is the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. Isis is a protective goddess. Her symbol is a throne. She use powerful magic to help people in need Horus is the son of Isis and Osiris. He is the protector of the ruler of Egypt. Appearance: Man with head of a falcon. After Osiris was murdered by his brother Seth, Horus fought with Seth for the throne of Egypt. In this battle, Horus lost one of his eyes. The eye became a symbol of protection for the ancient Egyptians. Seth is the god of the desert and the chaos. He is the brother of Osiris and Isis, as well as the brother/husband of Nephthys. He murdered his brother Osiris Nephthys is a protective goddess of the dead. Nephthys is the sister of Isis and Osiris, and the sister/wife of Seth. Nephthys is also the mother of Anubis. Anubis is the god of embalming and the dead, guardian of tombs and pyramids. Appearance: Man with a jackal head.

7 A) Thoth is the god of writing and knowledge. Appearance: a man with the head of an ibis. The ancient Egyptians believed that Thoth gave them the gift of hieroglyphic writing Ra Osiris Isis Horus Seth Anubis Thoth Nephthys B) - The protector of the ruler of Egypt - The sun god - The god of the desert and the chaos - The god of the dead - A protective goddess of the dead. - A protective goddess, the nature goddess. - The god of embalming and the dead, guardian of tombs and pyramids. - The god of writing and knowledge C) - She is the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. Her symbol is a throne. - Man with a jackal head - Man with head of a falcon. He is the son of Isis and Osiris of a falcon. - Man with a sun disk. He is the most important god of the ancient Egyptians - Man with the head of an ibis. - The brother and husband of Isis, and the brother of Nephthys and Seth. He is also the father of Horus. - She is the sister of Isis and Osiris, and the sister/wife of Seth. She is also the mother of Anubis. - He is the brother of Osiris and Isis, as well as the brother/husband of Nephthys. He murdered his brother Osiris 18) Hieroglyphs and scribes Scribes are people in ancient Egypt (usually men) who learned to read and write. To become a scribe, you had to attend a special school for scribes. At this school you would learn how to read and write hieroglyphic. This was hard work. This writing was complicated, and there were many signs to learn. Scribes usually wrote on papyrus.

8 The Egyptian writing is the hieroglyphs. Hieroglyphs were created years ago. Some hieroglyphic signs represent an idea while others represent a sound. Egyptians could write horizontally, vertically, from left to right or from right to left. Look at the key and try to write your name using Egyptian characters: Your name: Write these ideas using hieroglyphs: - god: - tomb: - pharaoh: -scribe:

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