Syllabus for Course work for Ph. D. Environment Science and Technology

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1 Syllabus for Course work for Ph. D. Environment Science and Technology 1

2 Title: Course work for PhD Environmental Science Nature of the Course- The course work will consist of three papers: 1. Tools and Techniques in Environmental Science 2. Quantitative Analysis Techniques 3. Literature Review All the three papers are compulsory. The duration of the course work will be one semester. Each paper will be taught for minimum of 50 hours and maximum of 60 hours. The 3 rd paper Reviewing of Published Research Work in the area of Ph. D. topic will be a continuous process. In Paper I the student should select practicals to cover a 60 hour period. The selection of the practical will be done based on the research topic in consultation with the respective guide and the HOD/ Director. Assessment 1. The examination for each paper will be of 100 marks with three hours duration. 2. The 3 rd paper, Reviewing of Published Research will be assessed based on a Seminars to be given during the Semester. Standard of passing The candidate should secure minimum 50 marks in each paper including the seminar to get qualified to proceed further with the Ph. D. programme. Attendance: 100% attendance is compulsory 2

3 Paper I- A specialized subject Unit-1- Biological Assessment Techniques 1. Sampling techniques for vegetation using quadrat and transect 6hrs 2. Animal Census Technique- direct methods 9hrs 3. Animal Census Technique- indirect methods 9hrs 4. Study of freshwater planktons 5. Plant identification 6hrs 6. Bird/birdcall identification 6hrs 7. Insect identification 6hrs 8. Amphibian identification 6hrs 9. Reptile identification 6hrs 10. Fish identification 6hrs 11. Animal Acoustic studies 9hrs 12. Biomass estimation 3hrs 13. Scat analysis 3hrs 14. Roost ecological studies 6hrs Unit-2- Qualitative Assessment Techniques 1. Content Analysis Technique 6hrs 2. Interview Technique 3hrs 3. Observation technique to collect data 3hrs 4. Questionnaire Survey 6hrs 5. Descriptive data analysis technique (ATLAS) 6hrs 7. PRA Techniques 9hrs 8. Environmental Education Techniques 9hrs 9. Historical Research Methods 3hrs 10. Activity analysis 3hrs 11. Review of documents 3hrs 3

4 Unit-3- Mapping Techniques 1. Annotation of SOI topographical maps (with reference to numbering, scales, grid reference, signs and symbols, colour system) 2. Interpretation of SOI maps 3. Delineation of micro watershed and calculation of its area 4. Land Capability classification 5. Use of GPS to collect data Unit-4- Environment Quality Assessment Techniques A. Examination of water and wastewater with respect to 36hrs Physical parameters: 1. Temperature 2. Colour 3. Taste 4. Odour 5. Turbidity 6. solids (TSS< TDS) Chemical parameters: 1. ph 2. Conductivity 3. Hardness 4. Acidity and Alkalinity 5. DO 6. BOD 7. COD 8. Chlorides 9. Florides 10. Sulphates 11. Phosphatres 12. Nitrates 4

5 13. Calcium 14. Magnesium 15. Sodium 16. Potassium 17. Pesticides 18. Oil and Grease 19. Sulphide 20. Phenolic compounds 21. Heavy metals Biological and Microbiological parameters: 1. MPN 2. Total coliforms 3. Faecal coliforms 4. Isolation of microorganism B. Air and Noise Quality assessment methods 15hrs Meteorological parameter monitoring: 1. Wind speed 2. Wind direction 3. Temperature 4. Relative humidity 5. Rainfall 6. Wind rose diagram Pollutant Estimation: 1. Suspended Particulate Matter 2. Respirable Particulate Matter 3. Sulphur Dioxide 4. Oxides of Nitrogen 5. Hydrogen Sulphide 6. Ammonia 7. Hydrocarbons, 5

6 8. Volatile Organic Carbons 9. Odour Measuring noise levels, Leq C. Soil Quality Assessment Methods 18hrs Particle size distribution Texture ph Electrical conductivity Cation exchange capacity Alkali metals Sodium absorption ratio Porosity and permeability D. Solid waste assessment methods 18hrs 1. Per capita generation of solid waste 2. general segregation into biological/organic/inert/hazardous 3. loss on heating 4. ph 5. Electrical Conductivity 6. Calorific value 7. Metals etc Unit-5- Environment Management Techniques 1. Calculating ecological footprint for a given area 6hrs 2. Impact analysis using various methods 9hrs 3. Life cycle assessment 6hrs Unit-6- Design of wastewater treatment plant 1. System kinetics for wastewater treatment- chemical/ physical and biological 15hrs 2. Environmental Systems Optimization Techniques 15hrs 6

7 7

8 Paper II- Research Methodology including quantitative methods and computer applications. A- Applied Statistics 1- Measures of central tendency or averages Mean Median Mode 2. Measures of dispersion Range Variance Standard Deviation 3. Measures of relative portion Standard scores Percentile rank Percentile score 4. Measures of relationships Coefficient of correlation 5. Inferential data analysis Central limit theorem 6. Parametric tests Testing statistical significance Analysis of variance (ANOVA), covariance (ANCOVA) Multiple Regression 7. Non-parametric tests The Chi-square test B- Applied Computers 1. Use of Excel for data analysis 2. Programming using macros 3. Computer analysis of data using SPSS 8

9 Paper III- Literature Review The student is expected to produce a comprehensive literature review of their related topic as an output at the end of the course using the following guidelines- Making a concept map Identifying sources Maintaining bibliography Evaluating literature Writing up the literature review 9

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