Assessment of International Development NGO Activities in Vietnam

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Assessment of International Development NGO Activities in Vietnam"

Transcription

1 Assessment of International Development NGO Activities in Vietnam Mr. Marko Lovrekovic, Managing Co-Director VUFO-NGO Resource Centre, Hanoi, Vietnam International non-governmental organizations (INGOs) have been providing assistance to Vietnam for over half a century. The first was the French relief organization, Secours Populaire Francais, which came to work in Vietnam in A few others joined shortly after, but it took almost two decades before any significant number of INGOs established their presence in the country. It is important to understand Vietnam s recent history before analysing the role that INGOs played in the past and their significance for Vietnam s development today. Here is a brief overview of the most significant events which shaped the social, political and economic environment in the country during the last century. French Colonization ( ) French troops landed in Vietnam in 1858 and started colonization. By 1887 they established French Indochina, which lasted until For almost a century the land and the people were exploited; while illiteracy, hunger and poverty spread across the country. In 1940 Japan invaded and occupied Indochina, but kept French administration in place. During the Japanese occupation ( ) almost two million Vietnamese people (10% of the population) died of starvation. In the summer of 1945 Ho Chi Minh successfully led a resistance movement known as August Revolution, which resulted in proclamation of independence and formation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Anti French Resistance War ( ) The First Indochina War was fought by French Union forces supported by the Vietnamese National Army against the Viet Minh Front, also known as the League for the Independence of Vietnam, which was led by Ho Chi Minh and Vo Nguyen Giap. The first few years involved a low-level rural insurgency against French authority but it turned into a conventional war where both sides were supplied with modern weapons, from either the US or the Soviet Union. A major siege, launched in 1954 against the French base in Dien Bien Phu, resulted in French surrender and signing of the Geneva Accord that divided Vietnam into two parts: the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the State of Vietnam, later called the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam). Vietnam American War ( ) The Second Indochina War followed South Vietnam s refusal to enter negotiations with North Vietnam about nationwide elections, as stipulated by the Geneva 215

2 Conference. South Vietnam was supported by the US and other anti-communist nations. The war resulted in a huge loss of human lives including 3-4 million Vietnamese from both sides. The tonnage of bombs dropped by the US military and their allies in Vietnam was almost four times more than the total tonnage of bombs dropped by the US during the World War II. An estimated 5 million people have fallen victims to the chemical herbicide and defoliant called Agent Orange, which was sprayed over vast areas of Vietnam by the US. The last US troops left Saigon in The North Vietnamese army took control of Saigon in 1975, which marked the end of the war. In 1976, Vietnam was officially unified and renamed the Socialist Republic of Vietnam with its capital in Hanoi. Cambodian Vietnamese War ( ) Following the execution of thousands of Vietnamese in Cambodia and crossborder attacks in 1977 by Khmer Rouge forces, the Vietnam People's Army invaded Cambodia in 1978 to remove the Khmer Rouge regime from power and to end Pol Pot s genocide. Vietnam set up a new government in Phnom Penh with Khmer Rouge defectors but found itself immersed in a long and difficult war with Khmer Rouge guerrillas for more than a decade. In 1989 the Vietnamese withdrew from Cambodia. Sino Vietnamese War (1979) The Third Indochina War was fought between China and Vietnam in China launched the offensive in response to Vietnam's invasion and occupation of Cambodia. The Chinese forces moved into Vietnamese territory and kept advancing towards Hanoi at high speed. After meeting fierce resistance by the Vietnamese forces China announced a ceasefire. On the way back to the border, the Chinese forces destroyed most local infrastructure and housing; looted useful equipment and resources, including livestock; and almost paralysed the local economy. The war lasted less than a month, but Vietnam suffered more than 100,000 civilian deaths, while 47,000 regular Vietnamese armed forces were killed. Post-War Challenges (1970s 1980s) After many decades of fighting and destruction, the country finally experienced peace. The victory of the Vietnamese people was the victory of courage and bravery. However, it was also a bitter victory. The country desperately needed a peaceful environment, plentiful resources and all the support and assistance that they could get to heal the wounds of war. Instead, Vietnam faced a land impoverished by the colonial system, destroyed infrastructure, a heavily damaged environment, loss of human lives measured in the millions, lack of housing, thousands of orphans, millions of Agent Orange victims, hunger and the beginning of an economic embargo which would last for almost 20 years. The economic embargo was imposed by the US and supported by all western donors except for Sweden. 216

3 Over a period of a few years after the war, private enterprises were seized by the government, farmers were organized into cooperatives and transportation of food and goods between provinces was strictly controlled. Within a short time, Vietnam was hit by a severe shortage of food and basic necessities. The central planning mechanism distorted economic dynamics and prevented market-driven economic development. Collective ownership and restricted private ownership prevented the mobilization of resources within the society. The Mekong Delta was threatened with famine. During the mid-1980s, inflation reached 700%. The poverty rate in 1986 was 75%. The welfare state, which granted jobs, housing, education and health care, exhausted all Vietnam s resources, leaving none for development. Everyone was equal but equally poor. International NGO Activities (1940s 1980s) Vietnam has had great needs for INGOs assistance during the past century. However, INGOs involvement varied greatly at different times. As already mentioned, the French relief organization Secours Populaire Francais (SPF) was the first to arrive, in A few others joined in 1954, two of which are still present: Church World Service (CWS) and Mennonite Central Committee (MCC). However, these INGOs are exceptional cases. Most of the aid supplied to Vietnam before 1965 came from socialist countries through what were termed Friendship Associations. After 1965, support for the Vietnamese people suffering from the war became more common in Western countries. Between 10 and 20 INGOs started shipping goods, primarily medicines and humanitarian aid, to the North and to the South. However, in 1975, the majority of INGOs had to close their offices; foreign staff left the country and the government assumed direct responsibility for humanitarian activities. Several INGOs, such as the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), MCC and CWS, moved offices to Thailand or Laos and continued providing relief and humanitarian assistance from abroad, with occasional visits. Virtually all Western donors, with the exception of Sweden, joined the United States in its economic embargo, which began in This significantly decreased the amount of INGO assistance and INGOs had to develop creative strategies in order to raise funds in their countries and to provide humanitarian relief during severe food shortages. Sadly, fewer than 10 INGOs had contact with Vietnam from the late 1960s through to the late 1980s. Economic Reforms and Other Developments (late 1980s present) By the late 1980s it was high time for the Vietnamese leadership to introduce significant changes. Following the 6 th Party Congress in 1986, Vietnam initiated the renovation policy. This new economic reform supported a socialist-oriented market economy. As a result, many privately-owned enterprises were allowed to start 217

4 commodity production. Vietnam established diplomatic relationships with the West and East Asia and the renovation policy opened doors to foreign investments, including from the United States and Japan. The economy started to grow at a fast rate. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) averaged a 7-8% increase per year. GDP increased from 120 USD in 1986 to 1,200 USD in The poverty rate dropped from 75% in 1986 down to 9.5% in Vietnam became the 2 nd largest rice exporter in the world. All villages were connected to telephone lines and built primary schools. Health care became free for the poor, for people in difficult circumstances and for children under the age of six. Health centres were built in 99% of villages and electricity reached 99% of villages. In the last 10 years Vietnam has become one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Even during the world financial crisis from 2007 to 2010 GDP growth in Vietnam only slowed down, remaining at nearly 6%. All eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have been integrated into Vietnam s socio-economic development plans at both national and local levels. Several MDGs set for 2015 have been already achieved and exceeded, such as alleviating extreme poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality, improving the position of women and preventing malaria and other diseases. INGOs played an important role in these developments. International NGO Activities (1980s 2000) The new renovation policy (1986) was initiated only a few years before the collapse of the former socialist countries of the Soviet Union and in Eastern Europe. As a result, these countries substantially reduced their support for Vietnam s development. This change created new possibilities for INGOs from the West to support Vietnam and many INGOs renewed their efforts to establish a presence in the country. In October 1988, Catholic International Cooperation for Development and Solidarity (CIDSE) became the first INGO after the war to have an official representative in Hanoi. Withdrawal of Vietnamese troops from Cambodia in 1989 contributed to further normalisation of Vietnam's relations with Western donors. In 1989 the government established the People's Aid Coordinating Committee (PACCOM), a specialized body of the Vietnam Union of Friendship Organisations (VUFO), to serve as a focal point for INGOs and to be responsible for processing of INGO permits. In the early 1990s, the first permits were issued to AFSC, ActionAid, CARE, MCC, Oxfam Belgium, Oxfam UK and Ireland and Nordic Assistance to Repatriated Vietnamese (NARV). They were able to open offices in Hanoi and this encouraged other INGOs to come. The total financial assistance from INGOs in the early 1990s was around 16 million USD per year. 218

5 Throughout the 1990s, the number of INGOs steadily increased, stabilizing by 1999, at which point about 500 INGOs had developed relationship with Vietnam. Of this number 350 INGOs were active partners implementing programmes on the ground. The other 150 non-active INGOs had provided some kind of assistance or humanitarian relief. Approximately 160 active INGOs opened offices or workstations in Vietnam. By 1999 total financial assistance from INGOs was over 80 million USD per year. In June 1992, a core group of INGOs working in Vietnam met with PACCOM to discuss the need for better information sharing among INGOs, collaboration with development agencies and Vietnamese partners. In 1993, the NGO Resource Centre was established in the office of Radda Barnen, the Swedish section of the International Save the Children Alliance. Initially called the NGO Resource Centre, it was renamed in 1998 the VUFO-NGO Resource Centre, so that the name more clearly reflects its partnership with the government. In 1996 the official Committee for NGO Affairs was formed in order to regulate operations of international NGOs and local NGOs. The Committee included representatives from the Vietnam Union of Friendship Organisations (VUFO), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), the Ministry of Public Security (MOPS), the External Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of Vietnam and the Government Committee for Organisation and Personnel (GCOP). In the same year the first legal document regulating INGO activities (Decision 340) was issued. More decisions, decrees and amendments were issued in the following years. In 2000, the Committee for NGO Affairs was disbanded in line with public administrative reform. Its role would soon to be replaced by a similar consultative body in charge of foreign NGOs. The Government Committee for Organisation and Personnel was increasingly becoming the central agency responsible for emerging local NGOs. Administrative responsibilities for international NGOs and local NGOs became separated. International NGO Activities (2001 present) In April 2001 the Committee for Foreign NGO Affairs (COMINGO) was formed, bringing together key government ministries and other bodies to assist the Prime Minister in guiding and addressing issues relating to foreign NGOs in Vietnam. COMINGO has representatives from VUFO, MOPS, the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI), the Government Office, the Government Commission for Religious Affairs, the Ministry of Finance and the Commission for External Relations of the Party Central Committee. During war-time and in the early 1980s INGO assistance in Vietnam was mostly in-kind relief, charity and emergency support. During the 1990s humanitarian assistance still remained a high priority, but the scope of INGOs assistance 219

6 expanded to other sectors. In 1999 INGOs were spending 29% of their budgets on health care, 22% on economic development, 17% on education; 6% on environment; 4% on emergency relief and 22% in other sectors. Ten years later, in 2009, INGOs were spending 37% of their budgets on health care, 17% on economic development; 17% on education; 20% on social services and 9% on emergency relief and other sectors. However, while these figures show that the focus of INGOs remained almost the same as in the previous decade, the size of the sector has changed. By 2009 almost 800 INGOs had a relationship with Vietnam. Of this number 700 INGOs were active partners implementing programmes on the ground. Total financial assistance from INGOs in 2009 was 270 million USD, which was almost 17 times the financial assistance of the early 1990s. Based on the VUFO-NGO Resource Centre s membership statistics, 40% of INGOs currently operating in Vietnam come from the US and Canada, 40% come from Europe, 8% come from Australia and New Zealand, 6% come from Asia and the remaining 6% are multi-national or INGOs from other parts of the world. Country Directors responsible for management of INGOs are 67% foreigners and 33% Vietnamese. Fifty seven per cent of Country Directors are men and 43% are women. When it comes to the composition of overall staff working for INGOs, 93% are Vietnamese staff, including senior management staff, while only 7% are foreigners. PACCOM has remained the focal point for INGOs, responsible for processing INGO permits; promoting cooperation between INGO community, other international development partners and Vietnamese partners; and facilitating various INGO activities either directly or in close collaboration with the VUFO-NGO Resource Centre. The Role of the VUFO-NGO Resource Centre Since its establishment in 1993 the VUFO-NGO Resource Centre has played an important role for the INGO community in Vietnam. The centre has become one of the main service providers for 120 member INGOs, however, its activities and support extend to non-member INGOs, Vietnamese partners, UN agencies, bilateral organisations, multi-lateral organisations, donors, local institutions, government agencies and international and national researchers. In close collaboration with PACCOM, the centre remains the main bridge between the INGO community and other development partners in Vietnam. An important component of the VUFO-NGO Resource Centre's work is supporting and facilitating working groups that focus on different sectoral and crosssectoral issues. These groups were established according to the interests and needs of INGO members. Currently 18 working groups are active and through their work 220

7 they create an environment for INGOs to meet with each other and with government agencies, local partners, donors and experts. They share information, ideas, resources, experiences and solutions. The sectors in which working groups are particularly active include Child Rights, Climate Change, Disabilities, Disaster Management, Ethnic Minorities, HIV-AIDS and Land Mines. Through the INGO Forum, a quarterly gathering of its members, the centre encourages information sharing between INGOs, coordination of their activities, lobbying for mutual issues, discussions on policy changes and preparation of joint statements on behalf of the INGO community for high-level forums and discussions with the government and donors. The VUFO-NGO Resource Centre publishes an annual directory, in English and Vietnamese, of INGOs providing support to Vietnam. This directory is used by INGOs, government agencies, donors, embassies, local organisations, researchers and others to find out about the work of INGOs in Vietnam. A database of INGOs' details, including staff, programmatic sectors and activity locations, is maintained by the centre and available online to members. Other activities include moderation of 24 mailing lists - effectively electronic forums - on specific areas of interest; update of a website and maintenance of a library. In addition to its regular services the VUFO-NGO Resource Centre will organize surveys, evaluations, workshops; identify consultants, host foreign delegations and visiting missions. The centre represents or facilitates participation of the wider INGO community at several high-level forums and discussion groups, including the following: Vietnam Consultative Group (CG) Meeting The CG meeting serves as an annual platform for discussion between the government and donor agencies on development policies and donor pledges. INGOs are invited to have four representatives present at the meeting as observers, sharing one seat at the round-table. They are allowed to make short contributions to each discussion session. Health Partnership Group (HPG) The HPG is a quarterly gathering of government stakeholders, donor organisations and INGOs, focusing on health issues and policy initiatives. It is represented by two elected INGO representatives, who provide feedback from the INGO community to the group. International Support Group - Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (ISG-MARD) The ISG-MARD was established in 1997 with an advisory function on the 221

8 effective use of official development assistance (ODA) for agriculture and rural development. Poverty Reduction Support Credit (PRSC) The PRSC process is the main aid instrument for providing direct budget support to the government to finance its Socio-Economic Development Plan, based on annual policy actions approved by the government. Policy dialogue on the draft policy actions takes place between donors, led by the World Bank and government agencies through technical meetings. For further information about international-development NGO activities in Vietnam please visit the VUFO-NGO Resource Centre's website at or contact the centre's office at 222

OUTLINE OF VIETNAMESE HISTORY

OUTLINE OF VIETNAMESE HISTORY Rice Fields at Bac Hamlet by Phan Ke An OUTLINE OF VIETNAMESE HISTORY RESISTANCE TO THE CHINESE 1st Millennium B.C. 2nd Century B.C. Period of the Hung Kings, Bronze Age Annexation by the Han Chinese Empire

More information

COLD WAR. Vietnam War created by Trevor Rowe

COLD WAR. Vietnam War created by Trevor Rowe COLD WAR Vietnam War France had controlled Vietnam since the 1860 s. It was known as French Indochina and included Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. During WWII, nationalism spread throughout Asia, however,

More information

Chapter 21: The Vietnam War Quiz

Chapter 21: The Vietnam War Quiz Chapter 21: The Vietnam War Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. The Vietnam War 1. Who was the nationalist leader who led Vietnam against

More information

Cold War Spreads to Asia

Cold War Spreads to Asia Cold War Spreads to Asia China China becomes Communist 1920s Mao Zedong leads communist forces against Chiang Kai Shek leader of China s Nationalist government During WWII set aside civil war to resist

More information

JFK, LBJ, Vietnam Test Review

JFK, LBJ, Vietnam Test Review JFK, LBJ, Vietnam Test Review What program did Nixon implement when he was trying to withdraw American troops from Vietnam by making the South Vietnamese army take more responsibility for fighting the

More information

Vietnam Era Unit Lesson Title Lesson Objectives 1 - THE ORIGINS OF U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM

Vietnam Era Unit Lesson Title Lesson Objectives 1 - THE ORIGINS OF U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM Vietnam Era Unit Lesson Title Lesson Objectives 1 - THE ORIGINS OF U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM Vietnam Locate Vietnam on a map. Identify Vietnam's geographic features. Early History Recall Vietnam's early

More information

Lesson Five: War and Peace in Cambodia. US, UN and Buddhist Roles

Lesson Five: War and Peace in Cambodia. US, UN and Buddhist Roles Lesson Five: War and Peace in Cambodia. US, UN and Buddhist Roles Goals: To review the role and effect of US policy in Cambodia. To learn about US aid, the role of the UN and the Buddhist peace movement.

More information

The Vietnam War was a war designed to control the country side of South

The Vietnam War was a war designed to control the country side of South The Vietnam War was a war designed to control the country side of South Vietnam which was at the time very poor, illiterate, and lived mostly by farming. They had great family ties, and didn t know much

More information

Chapter 24 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School

Chapter 24 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School Name: Class: _ Date: _ Chapter 24 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all of the items.

More information

US History. The Vietnam War. Student Workbook Unit 10. Name: Period: Teacher:

US History. The Vietnam War. Student Workbook Unit 10. Name: Period: Teacher: US History The Vietnam War Student Workbook Unit 10 Name: Period: Teacher: 2 Vocabulary Homework Define each term and explain how it was important to the Vietnam War. Remember, all homework is due the

More information

Unit 6. The Cold War ( )

Unit 6. The Cold War ( ) Unit 6. The Cold War (1945-1991) Learning Target 23 Summarize how atomic weapons have changed the nature of war, altered the balance of power and started the nuclear age. Following World War II, the United

More information

Ho Chi Minh Source: http://www.wumingfoundation.com/gallery/indocina/e.jpg

Ho Chi Minh Source: http://www.wumingfoundation.com/gallery/indocina/e.jpg Causes of The Vietnam War 1954: The French lose control of Vietnam 1. In the 1800s, French established themselves as the colonial power in Vietnam 2. Vietnam Contiuously resisted French control. 3. Ho

More information

NORTH KOREA: The Unknown Nation

NORTH KOREA: The Unknown Nation News in Review April 2014 Teacher Resource Guide NORTH KOREA: The Unknown Nation MINDS ON If you were asked which countries you thought were the most powerful in the world, which ones would you choose?

More information

How important was the Tet offensive of 1968 in changing US policy in Vietnam? An answer given a mark in Level 5 of the published mark scheme

How important was the Tet offensive of 1968 in changing US policy in Vietnam? An answer given a mark in Level 5 of the published mark scheme How important was the Tet offensive of 1968 in changing US policy in Vietnam? An answer given a mark in Level 5 of the published mark scheme The Tet offensive which began at the end of January 1968 was

More information

The Vietnam War. Chapter 30

The Vietnam War. Chapter 30 The Vietnam War Chapter 30 Lecture Questions 1. Who was the communist leader in Vietnam? 2. What position does the U.S. take when Vietnam declares themselves independent of France? 3. What decade did the

More information

EVOLUTION OF NATIONAL STATISTICAL SYSTEM OF CAMBODIA

EVOLUTION OF NATIONAL STATISTICAL SYSTEM OF CAMBODIA COUNTRY PAPER - CAMBODIA for the A Seminar commemorating the 60th Anniversary of the United Nations Statistical Commission United Nations, New York, 23 February 2007 EVOLUTION OF NATIONAL STATISTICAL SYSTEM

More information

Children s participation: Mekong Youth Forum and COMMIT

Children s participation: Mekong Youth Forum and COMMIT Children s participation: Mekong Youth Forum and COMMIT Briefing paper Introduction Human trafficking is one of the most serious problems affecting children and young people in the Greater Mekong Sub-region

More information

APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT

APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT KEY CONCEPT 1.1: Analyze how the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment ideas impacted human thought. a. Identify

More information

France. Korean War. Ho Chi Minh. China. Dien Bien Phu. Ngo Dinh Diem. Vietcong ... The USA and the Vietnam War review tasks

France. Korean War. Ho Chi Minh. China. Dien Bien Phu. Ngo Dinh Diem. Vietcong ... The USA and the Vietnam War review tasks The USA and Vietnam 1961-75: background Match the key word to its description: France Korean War Ho Chi Minh China Dien Bien Phu Ngo Dinh Diem Vietcong A Leader of the Vietminh. A communist who desired

More information

U.S. Support of the War at Home and Abroad

U.S. Support of the War at Home and Abroad U.S. Support of the War at Home and Abroad The Main Idea As the United States sent increasing numbers of troops to defend South Vietnam, some Americans began to question the war. Content Statement/Learning

More information

Note Taking Study Guide ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR

Note Taking Study Guide ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR SECTION 1 ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR Focus Question: Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam? As you read, describe the Vietnam policies of Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson.

More information

South-South Cooperation in China

South-South Cooperation in China Resource Mobilization Information Digest N o 208 February 2013 South-South Cooperation in China Contents 1. Introduction... 2 2. Evolution of Chinese foreign aid policy... 2 3. Resources for Chinese foreign

More information

Foreign Affairs and National Security

Foreign Affairs and National Security Foreign Affairs and National Security Objectives: TLW understand and explain the following questions as it relates to the Foreign affairs of the American Government What is foreign policy? What is the

More information

DSST A HISTORY OF THE VIETNAM WAR

DSST A HISTORY OF THE VIETNAM WAR DSST EXAM CONTENT FACT SHEET DSST A HISTORY OF THE VIETNAM WAR EXAM INFORMATION This exam was developed to enable schools to award credit to students for knowledge equivalent to that learned by students

More information

Vietnam's Experiences in Strengthening. Procurement and Public Financial Management Systems. in Harmonization, Alignment and Capacity Development

Vietnam's Experiences in Strengthening. Procurement and Public Financial Management Systems. in Harmonization, Alignment and Capacity Development Vietnam's Experiences in Strengthening Procurement and Public Financial Management Systems in Harmonization, Alignment and Capacity Development Mr. Chairman, Ladies and gentlemen, Dr. Duong Duc Ung Director

More information

VIETNAM FORUM ON LIFELONG LEARNING: BUILDING A LEARNING SOCIETY. ILO Director Ms. Rie Vejs-Kjeldgaard Hanoi, 6-8 December 2010

VIETNAM FORUM ON LIFELONG LEARNING: BUILDING A LEARNING SOCIETY. ILO Director Ms. Rie Vejs-Kjeldgaard Hanoi, 6-8 December 2010 VIETNAM FORUM ON LIFELONG LEARNING: BUILDING A LEARNING SOCIETY ILO Director Ms. Rie Vejs-Kjeldgaard Hanoi, 6-8 December 2010 Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Thien Nhan, cum Chairman of the National Steering

More information

VIETNAM COUNTRY REPORT

VIETNAM COUNTRY REPORT VIETNAM COUNTRY REPORT The 9th ASEAN & Japan High level officials meeting on Caring Societies: Human Resource Development in the sectors of Welfare and Health with a focus on capacity building of service

More information

Rise of ultranationalism in Japan

Rise of ultranationalism in Japan Rise of ultranationalism in Japan What happened to Japan after WW1 During WWI Japan was a member or the Allied countries. Their economy was largely based on exports (selling things) to the United States

More information

World War II in Asia. AP World History Chapter 29e

World War II in Asia. AP World History Chapter 29e World War II in Asia AP World History Chapter 29e Japanese Imperialism In the 1930s = Japan had seized much of China Japan now set its sights on French, British, Dutch and American colonies in Southeast

More information

The Vietnam War: A timeline

The Vietnam War: A timeline The Vietnam War: A timeline BY DAVID WALBERT 1858 1884 Vietnam becomes a French colony, called Indochina. 1930 The Indochinese Communist Party is formed. Ho Chi Minh is a founder. September 1940 Japan

More information

Why did Australia fight in Vietnam?

Why did Australia fight in Vietnam? Retro 2, p. 202-203. One land many stories, p. 182-183 Why did Australia fight in Vietnam? Inquiry question. Why was Australia involved in the Vietnam War? How did various groups respond to Australia s

More information

Organizational Development Support

Organizational Development Support Organizational Development Support Executive summary The aim of the International Federation Organizational Development support (OD) is to build strong member National Societies able to serve vulnerable

More information

Comprehension and Discussion Activities for the Movie The Killing Fields

Comprehension and Discussion Activities for the Movie The Killing Fields Comprehension and Discussion Activities for the Movie The Killing Fields This module has been designed to accompany the film The Killing Fields (1984). The Killing Fields is based on real characters and

More information

Foreign A id and Foreign Investment

Foreign A id and Foreign Investment 13 Foreign A id and Foreign Investment Financial flows to developing countries take two main forms aid that comes from foreign governments, often called official development assistance, and investment

More information

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. World History Turmoil between the World Wars Blizzard Bag

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. World History Turmoil between the World Wars Blizzard Bag Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. World History Turmoil between the World Wars Blizzard Bag 2014-2015 1. Referring to the maps above, which of the following statements best describes the result

More information

1. Vietnam says 100,000 killed or hurt by land mines, other explosives since end of Vietnam War

1. Vietnam says 100,000 killed or hurt by land mines, other explosives since end of Vietnam War NEW ALERT OF EVENT MINE ACTION DONOR ROUNDTABLE MEETING Hanoi, 5/12/2011 Note: there s an error in the article. The conference is not sponsored by the UN. 1. Vietnam says 100,000 killed or hurt by land

More information

Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader

Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader 1890 On May 19, HO Chi Minh was born the second son to a family of farmers living in Kim Lien, a small village in Annam (Central

More information

SUMMARY OF THE FORUM Vietnam: Readiness for WTO Accession Hanoi, June 3-4, 2003 and Ho Chi Minh City, June 6-7, 2003

SUMMARY OF THE FORUM Vietnam: Readiness for WTO Accession Hanoi, June 3-4, 2003 and Ho Chi Minh City, June 6-7, 2003 SUMMARY OF THE FORUM Vietnam: Readiness for WTO Accession Hanoi, June 3-4, 2003 and Ho Chi Minh City, June 6-7, 2003 Forum as the most comprehensive event on WTO accession to date. The international forum

More information

EXPERT MEETING on. Geneva, 24-25 September 2007. Foreign Direct Investment in Vietnam. Ms. Le Hai Van

EXPERT MEETING on. Geneva, 24-25 September 2007. Foreign Direct Investment in Vietnam. Ms. Le Hai Van EXPERT MEETING on COMPARING BEST PRACTICES FOR CREATING AN ENVIRONMENT CONDUCIVE TO MAXIMIZING DEVELOPMENT BENEFITS, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND INVESTMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND COUNTRIES WITH ECONOMIES

More information

Norway s international efforts to promote the rights of persons with disabilities

Norway s international efforts to promote the rights of persons with disabilities Norway s international efforts to promote the rights of persons with disabilities 2 Foreword Human rights lie at the heart of Norway s international efforts. The basic underlying principle is that human

More information

Chinese aid to Laos a mixed blessing

Chinese aid to Laos a mixed blessing Chinese aid to Laos a mixed blessing Phanthanousone (Pepe) Khennavong (PhD) National Technical Advisor Round Table Process in Lao PDR (Aid Coordination & Development Effectiveness) Department of International

More information

World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT)

World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) WWII began on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. The Germans used a strategy known as blitzkrieg (lightening war), which involved coordinated

More information

III. Modernisation and Transformation of Japan and Southeast Asia

III. Modernisation and Transformation of Japan and Southeast Asia III. Modernisation and Transformation of Japan and Southeast Asia B. 1. Teaching background and objectives Southeast Asian history does not take up a large part of the History curriculum. According to

More information

The alleged crimes subsequently identified by the Prosecutor were aggression, crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes.

The alleged crimes subsequently identified by the Prosecutor were aggression, crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes. COMMUNICATIONS TO THE ICC REGARDING THE SITUATION IN IRAQ The question as to whether United States and United Kingdom officials or soldiers would be prosecuted for some of their actions in the Iraq war

More information

An Empirical Study of Myanmar Compared with Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam

An Empirical Study of Myanmar Compared with Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam An Empirical Study of Myanmar Compared with Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Nam Pan Visiting Scholar, Policy Research Institute Ministry of Finance, Japan Manager, Myanma Foreign Trade Bank Ministry of Finance,

More information

Name: Cold War Mr. Baffuto/Mr. LaMar DO NOW Questions

Name: Cold War Mr. Baffuto/Mr. LaMar DO NOW Questions Name: Cold War Mr. Baffuto/Mr. LaMar DO NOW Questions 1. Korea Divided at 38th Parallel Hungarian Revolution Crushed Missile Sites Spotted in Cuba The events in these headlines contributed to the 1) development

More information

16 Rare Pictures During Vietnam War That Show The Real Glimpse Of History

16 Rare Pictures During Vietnam War That Show The Real Glimpse Of History 16 Rare Pictures During Vietnam War That Show The Real Glimpse Of History 13 Apr,2016 History The Vietnam War has been stored in our memories through a couple of photographs. A big salute to the photographers

More information

Current Investment Regime of the Lao PDR

Current Investment Regime of the Lao PDR LAOS: Land of Ample Opportunities and Successes Current Investment Regime of the Lao PDR By Phonethavong SINGHALATH Director of Investment Promotion Division Investment Promotion Department (IPD) Ministry

More information

ASEM SMEs Eco-Innovation Center

ASEM SMEs Eco-Innovation Center Contact us ASEM SMEs Eco-Innovation Center Business Office Bldg. #904 917-6 Mok-dong, Yangcheon-gu Seoul, Rep. of Korea info@aseic.org Tel : +82-2-6678-4401~8 For more information, visit: www.aseic.org

More information

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

SEPT. 1, 1939 GERMANY INVADED POLAND

SEPT. 1, 1939 GERMANY INVADED POLAND WORLD WAR II 5-4.4: Explain the principal events related to the involvement of the United States in World War II, including campaigns in North Africa and the Mediterranean; major battles of the European

More information

Wars in Korea and Vietnam

Wars in Korea and Vietnam Wars in Korea and Vietnam 3 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES REVOLUTION In Asia, the Cold War flared into actual wars supported mainly by the superpowers. Today, Vietnam is a Communist country,

More information

German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance

German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance from employer. German initiated battle in western europe

More information

U.S. Strategy to Prevent and Respond to Gender- Based Violence (GBV) Globally An Analysis by Women Thrive Worldwide August 2012

U.S. Strategy to Prevent and Respond to Gender- Based Violence (GBV) Globally An Analysis by Women Thrive Worldwide August 2012 U.S. Strategy to Prevent and Respond to Gender- Based Violence (GBV) Globally An Analysis by Women Thrive Worldwide August 2012 Background On August 10 th, the White House took a monumental step forward

More information

"The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace and Security"

The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace and Security Chairman EU Military Committee General Patrick de Rousiers at the 29 th Asia Pacific Round Table in Kuala Lumpur 02 June 2015 "The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace

More information

Chapter 27: Americans in World War II

Chapter 27: Americans in World War II Chapter 27: Americans in World War II 1941-1945 Section 1: Early Difficulties Objective 1: Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the Allied and Axis Powers in 1941. Objectives 2: Outline the steps that

More information

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL MEETING IN SUPPORT OF ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL MEETING IN SUPPORT OF ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL MEETING IN SUPPORT OF ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE The two-state solution: a key prerequisite for achieving peace and stability in the Middle East Moscow, 1 and 2 July 2015 CHECK

More information

The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes

The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes Overview and concepts Overview Using class discussion, a radio story, and the interactive timeline, students will investigate the complex causes of famines, both

More information

The Refugee Crisis in Syria

The Refugee Crisis in Syria The Refugee Crisis in Syria Syria has become the most dangerous crisis for global peace and security since the Second World War. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres The ongoing

More information

LANGUAGE PROGRAMS AT IS-VNU:

LANGUAGE PROGRAMS AT IS-VNU: LANGUAGE PROGRAMS AT IS-VNU: A CASE STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION Ngô Tự Lập, PhD Dean, Dept. of Social Sciences, Humanities and Economics, International School Vietnam National

More information

Civil Society Organizations From the Republic of Moldova: Development, Sustainability and Participation in Policy Dialogue

Civil Society Organizations From the Republic of Moldova: Development, Sustainability and Participation in Policy Dialogue Civil Society Organizations From the Republic of Moldova: Development, Sustainability and Participation in Policy Dialogue CHAPTER I. EVOLUTION AND STRUCTURE OF CSOs IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA Conceptualization

More information

A p p e n d i x 1. Maastricht Global Education Declaration

A p p e n d i x 1. Maastricht Global Education Declaration 65 A p p e n d i x 1 Maastricht Global Education Declaration European Strategy Framework For Improving and Increasing Global Education In Europe to the Year 2015 66 Appendix 1 Maastricht Global education

More information

A proposal for measures under Norwegian foreign and international development policy to combat the global health workforce crisis

A proposal for measures under Norwegian foreign and international development policy to combat the global health workforce crisis A proposal for measures under Norwegian foreign and international development policy to combat the global health workforce crisis Report by the workgroup headed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with

More information

CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX: A NATION DIVIDED: THE VIETNAM WAR, READING AND STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX: A NATION DIVIDED: THE VIETNAM WAR, READING AND STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX: A NATION DIVIDED: THE VIETNAM WAR, 1945 1975 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. The Long Road to War A. The Escalating Importance of Vietnam B. Taking Over from the French C. Debates within

More information

CAMBODIAN LIBRARIES: Preparation toward ASEAN Library Community. Kolap Mao, MLIS Library Director Paññāsāstra University of Cambodia

CAMBODIAN LIBRARIES: Preparation toward ASEAN Library Community. Kolap Mao, MLIS Library Director Paññāsāstra University of Cambodia CAMBODIAN LIBRARIES: Preparation toward ASEAN Library Community Kolap Mao, MLIS Library Director Paññāsāstra University of Cambodia I. Historical Background of Libraries in Cambodia Before the modern libraries,

More information

The Cold War heats up

The Cold War heats up The Cold War heats up If you ever watch the television series, M*A*S*H, you will notice that it s set in the Korean War. It was the first major conflict in the Cold War era and also saw Australia's first

More information

FINANCING AND PLACE OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN THE OPERATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT

FINANCING AND PLACE OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN THE OPERATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT Management and Economics 307 FINANCING AND PLACE OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN THE OPERATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT Elitsa PETROVA elitsasd@abv.bg Nikolay NICHEV National Military University, Veliko

More information

Education for All An Achievable Vision

Education for All An Achievable Vision Education for All An Achievable Vision Education for All Education is a fundamental human right. It provides children, youth and adults with the power to reflect, make choices and enjoy a better life.

More information

Adopted by the Security Council at its 6225th meeting, on 30 November 2009

Adopted by the Security Council at its 6225th meeting, on 30 November 2009 United Nations S/RES/1896 (2009) Security Council Distr.: General 30 November 2009 Resolution 1896 (2009) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6225th meeting, on 30 November 2009 The Security Council,

More information

SOCIAL STUDIES World History Standard: History

SOCIAL STUDIES World History Standard: History Standard: History Enlightenment Ideas A. Explain connections between the ideas of the Enlightenment and changes in the relationships between citizens and their governments. 1. Explain how Enlightenment

More information

Distinguished guests, meeting participants, ladies and gentlemen

Distinguished guests, meeting participants, ladies and gentlemen Check against delivery Address by Jan Mattsson Executive Director, United Nations Office for Project Services World NGO Day 2014 Helsinki 27 February 2014 Distinguished guests, meeting participants, ladies

More information

Catholicism, in general, was developed in about the year 30 AD. originating from the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ.

Catholicism, in general, was developed in about the year 30 AD. originating from the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ. Kristen Halvorson Dr. Strom Catholicism in Vietnam May 2, 2016 Catholicism, in general, was developed in about the year 30 AD originating from the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ. It

More information

Asian Perspectives on Post-2015 Development Agenda:

Asian Perspectives on Post-2015 Development Agenda: Seoul Policy Centre Asian Perspectives on Post-2015 Development Agenda: Taking Stock, Harnessing Knowledge and Achieving Results Korea Development Institute - UNDP Seoul Policy Centre Ministry of Foreign

More information

Integrated Water Resources Management. Dong Nai Pilot Project, Vietnam Nam Ngum Pilot Project, Lao PDR Stung Sen Pilot Project, Cambodia

Integrated Water Resources Management. Dong Nai Pilot Project, Vietnam Nam Ngum Pilot Project, Lao PDR Stung Sen Pilot Project, Cambodia Integrated Water Resources Management Dong Nai Pilot Project, Vietnam Nam Ngum Pilot Project, Lao PDR Stung Sen Pilot Project, Cambodia Coordinated projects financed by 3 French Water Agencies (Loire Brittany,

More information

The World We Want. A North-East Asian Youth Vision

The World We Want. A North-East Asian Youth Vision The World We Want A North-East Asian Youth Vision This Declaration was handed to His Excellency Kim Sung-hwan, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Republic of Korea, in Seoul on 9 th of January

More information

Ellen Margrethe Løj. Special Representative of the Secretary-General United Nations Mission in South Sudan

Ellen Margrethe Løj. Special Representative of the Secretary-General United Nations Mission in South Sudan UNMISS Ellen Margrethe Løj Special Representative of the Secretary-General United Nations Mission in South Sudan Speech at the International Peacekeepers Day 29 May 2015 (10:00 11:30) Honourable Minister

More information

20 th Century International Relations Contents

20 th Century International Relations Contents 20 th Century International Relations Contents 1 Imperialism and the Alliance System part 1 7 slides, 2 Flash activities, 2 worksheets What are alliances? Why were alliances formed? What different national

More information

Globalization and China: Impact on the Economy and People s Quality of Life

Globalization and China: Impact on the Economy and People s Quality of Life Globalization and China: Impact on the Economy and People s Quality of Life Tao (Tony) Gao, Ph. D. Zarb School of Business Hofstra University University 1 APEC Economic Leaders' Declaration Shanghai, China;

More information

AFGHAN WOMEN TOWARDS BONN AND BEYOND POSITION PAPER 06 OCTOBER 2011

AFGHAN WOMEN TOWARDS BONN AND BEYOND POSITION PAPER 06 OCTOBER 2011 AFGHAN WOMEN TOWARDS BONN AND BEYOND POSITION PAPER 06 OCTOBER 2011 The best and most under-utilized resource in Afghanistan, a resource that could be instrumental for successful peace, a successful, stable

More information

Essential Question: What was the impact of European imperialism in Africa and India?

Essential Question: What was the impact of European imperialism in Africa and India? Essential Question: What was the impact of European imperialism in Africa and India? Unit X Quiz 2 1. When did the Suez Canal open? 2. Why was it initially difficult for European powers to control their

More information

Continuous context-specific protection analysis

Continuous context-specific protection analysis KEY ELEMENTS OF RESULTS-BASED PROTECTION A key element is a necessary action to achieve measurable results. Why? Detailed understanding of the risk patterns people experience, as far as possible from their

More information

CHAPTER 22 CHEAT-CHEAT STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER 22 CHEAT-CHEAT STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 22 CHEAT-CHEAT STUDY GUIDE Vietnam: French colony; U.S. tried to aid France in regaining control after WWII Domino Theory: can t let Vietnam fall to communism, must contain it if you let one country

More information

HUMANITARIAN. Food 11. Health 4 Shelter 4 Other 7 OECD/DAC

HUMANITARIAN. Food 11. Health 4 Shelter 4 Other 7 OECD/DAC #094 DENMARK Group 1 PRINCIPLED PARTNERS OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE HRI 2011 Ranking 2nd 0.90% AID of GNI of ODA P4 6.2% US $32 6.95 P5 7.62 7.12 7.49 P3 7.90 P1 5.35 P2 Per person AID DISTRIBUTION

More information

WORLD WAR 2 Political and economic conditions in Europe and throughout the world after World War 1 led directly to World War 2:

WORLD WAR 2 Political and economic conditions in Europe and throughout the world after World War 1 led directly to World War 2: Political and economic conditions in Europe and throughout the world after World War 1 led directly to World War 2: 1. The Treaty of Versailles, ending World War 1, was particularly harsh on Germany and

More information

I am grateful for this opportunity to address the UN Security Council.

I am grateful for this opportunity to address the UN Security Council. Mr. President Excellencies, I am grateful for this opportunity to address the UN Security Council. The point that I wish to make today is simply put. The UN and the OSCE, as the largest and most inclusive

More information

Ex-Ante Evaluation (for Japanese ODA Loan)

Ex-Ante Evaluation (for Japanese ODA Loan) Japanese ODA Loan Ex-Ante Evaluation (for Japanese ODA Loan) 1.Name of the Project Country: Socialist Republic of Viet Nam Project: Regional and Provincial Hospital Development Project (II). Loan Agreement:

More information

Sweden Sweden for the UN Human Rights Council

Sweden Sweden for the UN Human Rights Council Sweden for the UN Human Rights Council Sweden for the UN Human Rights Council Sweden 2013 2015 Sweden for the UN Human Rights Council Sweden is a candidate for the UN Human Rights Council for the period

More information

LAO WOMEN S UNION PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF LAO WOMEN S RIGHTS

LAO WOMEN S UNION PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF LAO WOMEN S RIGHTS LAO WOMEN S UNION I. Introduction: PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF LAO WOMEN S RIGHTS 1. Lao Women s Union (LWU) is a mass and social organization of women at all strata throughout Lao P.D.R. It is part of

More information

Outline Map. Major Battles of World War I. Name Class Date

Outline Map. Major Battles of World War I. Name Class Date S E Name Class Date Outline Map Major Battles of World War I Directions: Locate and label the nations that were controlled by the Allies or the Central Powers, and at least seven major battle sites of

More information

END OF THE VIETNAM WAR

END OF THE VIETNAM WAR 15 THE TET OFFENSIVE END OF THE VIETNAM WAR During the Buddhist holiday of Tet, over 80,000 Vietcong troops emerged from their tunnels and attacked nearly every major metropolitan center in South Vietnam.

More information

Julia Dougherty International Human Rights Law Institute Chicago, USA

Julia Dougherty International Human Rights Law Institute Chicago, USA Julia Dougherty International Human Rights Law Institute Chicago, USA Government: People s Republic Communist Single Republic State Population: 88.1 million Capital: Hanoi Largest city: Ho Chi Minh City

More information

HADDONFIELD PUBLIC SCHOOLS Curriculum Map for VIETNAM Busarello

HADDONFIELD PUBLIC SCHOOLS Curriculum Map for VIETNAM Busarello HADDONFIELD PUBLIC SCHOOLS Curriculum Map for VIETNAM Busarello SEPT-OCT (semester 1) & JAN-FEB(semester 2) Targeted Standard(s): NJCCCS : 6.1.12 A 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8; 6.2.12 A 1,2,3,4,5,7; 6.2.12 B 5,6;

More information

Australia s trade since Federation

Australia s trade since Federation Australia s trade since Federation Introduction Australia s trade has always been a key component of the economy however the composition of Australia s trade has changed significantly since Federation.

More information

VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT: EVIDENCE, LEARNING & ACCOUNTABILITY COORDINATOR NO.VA/NPCA/16/05

VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT: EVIDENCE, LEARNING & ACCOUNTABILITY COORDINATOR NO.VA/NPCA/16/05 VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT: EVIDENCE, LEARNING & ACCOUNTABILITY COORDINATOR NO.VA/NPCA/16/05 The African Union (AU), established as a unique Pan African continental body, is charged with spearheading Africa

More information

EU support for climate training in LDCs: some examples

EU support for climate training in LDCs: some examples EU support for climate training in LDCs: some examples Tony Carritt, EU Art 6 Focal Point First Article 6 Dialogue Bonn, 10-11 June 2013 EU support in context EU is leading provider of official development

More information

Militarism and HIV/AIDS: The Deadly Consequences for Women. Background paper by Women's International League for Peace and Freedom

Militarism and HIV/AIDS: The Deadly Consequences for Women. Background paper by Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Militarism and HIV/AIDS: The Deadly Consequences for Women Background paper by Women's International League for Peace and Freedom UN General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS June, 2001 It is known

More information

Global Stratification

Global Stratification Global Stratification Patterns of social inequality in the world as a whole Changing Terminology Old terminology First world Industrial rich countries Second world Less industrial socialist countries Third

More information

Ch 15 Notes Start of Cold War - Containment policy -

Ch 15 Notes Start of Cold War       -    Containment policy - Ch 15 Notes- Start of Cold War Students will develop and use basic vocabulary about the Cold War era. Students will describe events that led to the Cold War between the U.S. and Soviet Union. Students

More information

Resolution 1244 (1999) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th meeting, on 10 June 1999

Resolution 1244 (1999) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th meeting, on 10 June 1999 Resolution 1244 (1999) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th meeting, on 10 June 1999 The Security Council, Bearing in mind the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and

More information

May I begin by extending my congratulations to your election as President of this Review Conference. I believe that with your rich experience and grea

May I begin by extending my congratulations to your election as President of this Review Conference. I believe that with your rich experience and grea PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS 350 EAST 35TH STREET, NEW YORK, NY 10016 h ttp ://vwvw.china-un.org PRESS RELEASE Please check against delivery Statement by H.E. Ambassador Wang

More information