Cold War Spreads to Asia

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Cold War Spreads to Asia"

Transcription

1 Cold War Spreads to Asia

2 China

3 China becomes Communist 1920s Mao Zedong leads communist forces against Chiang Kai Shek leader of China s Nationalist government During WWII set aside civil war to resist Japanese occupation End WWII Civil war continues Mao makes great gains still doesn t succeed Mid-1940s US sends $2 billion in aid to Nationalist Money was wasted b/c of poor military planning and corruption Communists, led by Mao Zedong, work to get peasant support Peasants flock to Red Army; by 1945, communists control north China By 1949 US discontinued aid to Chinese Nationalists October 1949 Communists win = establishes People s Republic of China Nationalist leaders flee to Taiwan (AKA Formosa)

4 Taiwan China Becomes a Communist Country in 1949 Nationalists flee to island of Taiwan Communists establish People s Republic of China in mainland U.S. does not recognize Communist Chinese government

5 American Reaction to China U.S. public stunned by Communist takeover Conservatives blame Truman for not sending enough aid People s Republic of China & Soviet Union sign treaty Friendship and Alliance Western leaders fear that China and Soviet Union support communist revolutions in other nations US kept formal relations with Nationalists in Taiwan US used veto powers to keep New Communist China out of UN Chinese revolution brought significant change in American policy toward Japan at end of WWII Douglas MacArthur took charge of Japan introduced democracy After loss of China, U.S. pushed for rapid recovery of Japan s industrial economy Japan = key to defending Asia just like West Germany = Key to defending Europe

6 Korea

7 North Korea vs. South Korea End of WWII US and USSR forces enter Korea to disarm Japanese troops Allies divide Korea at the 38th parallel of latitude North of 38th parallel surrenders to U.S.S.R. Republic of Korea South surrendered to U.S. Democratic People s Republic of Korea North Korea Controlled by Soviets Communist Korean government South Korea American troops stationed American-backed government

8 Problems Korean War begins Both governments claimed authority Border clashes were common Soviets gave North Koreans military aid quickly built large, well equipped army June 20, 1950 = North Korean troops invade south = onset of war South Korea calls on UN to stop invasion; Security Council approves MacArthur put in command of South Korean, U.S., other forces

9 U.S. Involvement in Korea Truman saw North Korean invasion as test of containment policy Ordered US naval and air power into action Truman called UN to act Call was successful because Soviet delegates were boycotting the security council over policy on China not present to veto American proposal General Douglas MacArthur was ordered to send troops from Japan to Korea I m coming!

10 Major Events of Korean War North Korea drives south, captures Seoul UN, South Korean troops forced into small defensive zone September 15, 1950: MacArthur ordered an invasion behind enemy lines of Inchon = took North Koreans by surprise Within weeks North Koreans full retreat across 38th Truman ordered to pursue beyond 38th MacArthur pushes North Koreans to Yalu River Communist Chinese feared advancing UN troops Warned forces to halt = was ignored November 1950 China launch massive attack across Yalu River 100,000 Chinese troops flooded drove UN forces back

11 Korean War Continued MacArthur was angry, wanted approval to expand war against China asked to blockade Chinese ports, use Nationalist forces, and use the atomic bomb Truman refuses MacArthur s demands MacArthur persisted publicly criticized president Truman wanted to show that president was in charge so in April 1951 Fires MacArthur for insubordination MacArthur remained popular returned a hero Mid-1951: UN forces push Chinese and North Korean forces back across 38th parallel War settled down still small battles November 1951 peace negotiations began, but war did not end Before Korean War 1. US preferred political pressure 2. US focused on Europe in containing communism After Korean War 1. Cold War expanded in Asia 2. US became militarily involved in Asia

12

13 Stalemate Ends the Korean War Eisenhower was convinced that ongoing battle was costing too many lives and bring little victories He hinted to Chinese of a nuclear attack threat worked July 1953: Negotiators signed an armistice Armistice an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce Battle line became border between North Korea and South Korea A demilitarized zone (DMZ) separated them Spreading of communism stopped in Korea = goal of containment

14 Vietnam

15 Late 1800s - France rules most of Indochina Early 1890s History of Vietnam French Occupation result of early 17th century French colonization French Indochina = Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos Nationalism became a powerful force in Vietnam Several political parties formed to push for independence or reform the French colonial government Ho Chi Minh returned to SE Asia and founded Indochinese communist party = worked to overthrow French Vietnam occupied by Japan Ho Chi Minh organized nationalist group called Vietminh August 1945 US began sending military aid to Vietminh Japanese surrendered control of Indochina Ho Chi Minh announced that Vietnam was an independent nation Created a Declaration of Independence = similar to American Declaration of Independence French refused to see Vietnam become independent wanted to regain colonial empire in SE Asia

16 Ho Chi Minh At 21 he sailed for Europe Visited Soviet Union adopted communism Became leader of Vietnamese independence movement 1930 Ho Chi Minh returned to SE Asia and founded Indochinese communist party = worked to overthrow French Became a wanted man fled and spent years exiled in Soviet Union and China 1941 Returned to Vietnam (occupied by Japan) Ho Chi Minh organized nationalist group called Vietminh

17 Vietminh Vietminh organization that aimed to rid Vietnam of foreign rule Group united communists and non-communists to fight Japanese Sept. 1945, Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam an independent nation France refuses to lose control of Vietnam 1946 French troops move into Vietnam target cities force Vietminh into hiding in rural areas 1949 French officials set up new government in Vietnam Vietminh fought back Fighting escalated = France asked US for aid

18 Domino Theory Belief that if Vietnam fell to communists, the other countries in Southeast Asia would fall next

19 U.S. Involvement in Vietnam United States was in difficult position Was opposed of colonialism Also opposed of Vietnam s independence movement due to ties with communist movement 2 events convinced Truman to help France Fall of China to communism Outbreak of Korean War 1950 U.S. begins economic aid to France to stop communism 1953 Eisenhower continues to support French military campaign against Vietminh 1954 US was paying roughly ¾ of France s war costs Eisenhower defended US policy in Vietnam by stressing the domino theory

20 Dien Bien Phu 1954 French forces occupy mountain town of Dien Bien Phu Seizing town would interfere with Vietminh s supply lines and force them into open battle Vietminh forces surrounded Dien Bien Phu and bombarded town May 1954 French forces at Dien Bien Phu surrender to Vietminh Defeat convinced French to make peace and withdraw from Indochina

21 Geneva Accords 1954 Geneva, Switzerland Temporarily divided Vietnam along 17th parallel Ho Chi Minh and Vietminh control North Vietnam Post-Western regime control of South with pro-western leader Ngo Dinh Diem Organize election of 1956 would be held to reunite country under single government French would officially leave Vietnam Country North Vietnam South Vietnam Political Ideology Communist Democratic Leader Ho Chi Minh Ngo Dinh Diem Supporting Nation *China * United States

22 Vietnam Election of 1956 Ho Chi Minh (North) has brutal, repressive regime but is popular for land distribution Knew popular support was in his favor and had support of Southern Vietnamese people Encouraged popular uprising against Diem and U.S Ngo Dinh Diem knew Communists in north would not allow free elections Ngo refused to run in election Eisenhower supported Diem and increased American military and economic aid to South Vietnam to promote stability Diem unpopular, corrupt, stifles opposition Discriminated against Buddhism Killed protesters Monks burned themselves

23 Vietcong Vietcong: Communist opposition group of mostly Southern Vietnamese turns against Diem and kill government officials War Continues North Vietnamese begin guerilla attacks against south. By 1964, 50 % South Vietnam controlled by Vietcong. Guerilla Warfare Used booby traps Blended in with civilians Used children and elderly Used geography: mountains and jungle

24

25

26 Vietnamese Vietcong mostly insurgents from southern Vietnam; guerilla warfare North Vietnamese Army (NVA) Supported by China Ho Chi Minh Trail Series of trails through Laos & Cambodia NVA sent arms and supplies to Vietcong United States Did not full out bomb only strategic targets Feared China or Soviet involvement Limits on war made it difficult to win War of attrition: wearing the enemy down

27 Vietnam 1960s-1970s Eisenhower sends the first military advisors to Vietnam (1956) Vietcong formed (1960) Gulf of Tonkin Incident leads to Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964) U.S. begins bombing North Vietnam (1966) Vietnamization begins (1969) Last American Troops leave Vietnam (1973) Eisenhower discusses domino theory regarding Southeast Asia (1954) U.S. begins using Agent Orange (1962) Tet Offensive (1968) My Lai Massacre (1968) Last Americans leave Vietnam, Saigon falls to the North (1975)

28 Causes and Effects of the Cold War CAUSES Soviet Union controls Eastern Europe after WWII Chinese Communists win control of China US and Soviet Union explode atomic bomb EFFECTS Marshall Plan provides aid to Western Europe Western nations form NATO; Communist nations form Warsaw Pact Korean War erupts American and Soviet arms race begins Red Scare leads to hunt for Communists in US

Note Taking Study Guide ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR

Note Taking Study Guide ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR SECTION 1 ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR Focus Question: Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam? As you read, describe the Vietnam policies of Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson.

More information

Chapter 24 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School

Chapter 24 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School Name: Class: _ Date: _ Chapter 24 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all of the items.

More information

Ho Chi Minh Source: http://www.wumingfoundation.com/gallery/indocina/e.jpg

Ho Chi Minh Source: http://www.wumingfoundation.com/gallery/indocina/e.jpg Causes of The Vietnam War 1954: The French lose control of Vietnam 1. In the 1800s, French established themselves as the colonial power in Vietnam 2. Vietnam Contiuously resisted French control. 3. Ho

More information

The Vietnam War was a war designed to control the country side of South

The Vietnam War was a war designed to control the country side of South The Vietnam War was a war designed to control the country side of South Vietnam which was at the time very poor, illiterate, and lived mostly by farming. They had great family ties, and didn t know much

More information

US History. The Vietnam War. Student Workbook Unit 10. Name: Period: Teacher:

US History. The Vietnam War. Student Workbook Unit 10. Name: Period: Teacher: US History The Vietnam War Student Workbook Unit 10 Name: Period: Teacher: 2 Vocabulary Homework Define each term and explain how it was important to the Vietnam War. Remember, all homework is due the

More information

OUTLINE OF VIETNAMESE HISTORY

OUTLINE OF VIETNAMESE HISTORY Rice Fields at Bac Hamlet by Phan Ke An OUTLINE OF VIETNAMESE HISTORY RESISTANCE TO THE CHINESE 1st Millennium B.C. 2nd Century B.C. Period of the Hung Kings, Bronze Age Annexation by the Han Chinese Empire

More information

Wars in Korea and Vietnam

Wars in Korea and Vietnam Wars in Korea and Vietnam 3 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES REVOLUTION In Asia, the Cold War flared into actual wars supported mainly by the superpowers. Today, Vietnam is a Communist country,

More information

The Sequence of Causes of the Cold War

The Sequence of Causes of the Cold War The Sequence of Causes of the Cold War Outside the U.S. In the U.S. 1917 Revolutions in Russia 1917-1919 Russian Civil War 1941-1944 Second Front against Hitler Casablanca Conference 1943 Teheran Conference

More information

CHAPTER 22 CHEAT-CHEAT STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER 22 CHEAT-CHEAT STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 22 CHEAT-CHEAT STUDY GUIDE Vietnam: French colony; U.S. tried to aid France in regaining control after WWII Domino Theory: can t let Vietnam fall to communism, must contain it if you let one country

More information

Colonial Vietnam. The French Presidential Palace, located in the city of Hanoi, remains a powerful reminder of French colonial influence.

Colonial Vietnam. The French Presidential Palace, located in the city of Hanoi, remains a powerful reminder of French colonial influence. The French Presidential Palace, located in the city of Hanoi, remains a powerful reminder of French colonial influence. Colonial Vietnam The Southeast Asian nation of Vietnam is bordered by China to the

More information

Military Advisors in Vietnam: 1963

Military Advisors in Vietnam: 1963 Military Advisors in Vietnam: 1963 Topic: Vietnam Grade Level: 9-12 Subject Area: US History after World War II Time Required: 1 class period Goals/Rationale In the winter of 1963, the eyes of most Americans

More information

Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century were centered on the

Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century were centered on the To what extent were the policies of the United States responsible for the outbreak and development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1949? Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century

More information

Foreign Affairs and National Security

Foreign Affairs and National Security Foreign Affairs and National Security Objectives: TLW understand and explain the following questions as it relates to the Foreign affairs of the American Government What is foreign policy? What is the

More information

Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader

Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader 1890 On May 19, HO Chi Minh was born the second son to a family of farmers living in Kim Lien, a small village in Annam (Central

More information

German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance

German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance from employer. German initiated battle in western europe

More information

The Vietnam War: A timeline

The Vietnam War: A timeline The Vietnam War: A timeline BY DAVID WALBERT 1858 1884 Vietnam becomes a French colony, called Indochina. 1930 The Indochinese Communist Party is formed. Ho Chi Minh is a founder. September 1940 Japan

More information

HADDONFIELD PUBLIC SCHOOLS Curriculum Map for VIETNAM Busarello

HADDONFIELD PUBLIC SCHOOLS Curriculum Map for VIETNAM Busarello HADDONFIELD PUBLIC SCHOOLS Curriculum Map for VIETNAM Busarello SEPT-OCT (semester 1) & JAN-FEB(semester 2) Targeted Standard(s): NJCCCS : 6.1.12 A 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8; 6.2.12 A 1,2,3,4,5,7; 6.2.12 B 5,6;

More information

WORLD WAR 2 Political and economic conditions in Europe and throughout the world after World War 1 led directly to World War 2:

WORLD WAR 2 Political and economic conditions in Europe and throughout the world after World War 1 led directly to World War 2: Political and economic conditions in Europe and throughout the world after World War 1 led directly to World War 2: 1. The Treaty of Versailles, ending World War 1, was particularly harsh on Germany and

More information

Name Period Date. The Cold War. Document-Based Question

Name Period Date. The Cold War. Document-Based Question Name Period Date Task: The Cold War Document-Based Question How effective was the United States government in its attempt to halt the spread of communism in Europe and Asia between the years 1945 and 1975?

More information

DSST A HISTORY OF THE VIETNAM WAR

DSST A HISTORY OF THE VIETNAM WAR DSST EXAM CONTENT FACT SHEET DSST A HISTORY OF THE VIETNAM WAR EXAM INFORMATION This exam was developed to enable schools to award credit to students for knowledge equivalent to that learned by students

More information

Chapter 22: World War I. Four most powerful European nations in the early 1900s were Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia.

Chapter 22: World War I. Four most powerful European nations in the early 1900s were Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia. Chapter 22: World War I The Beginnings of World War I World War I was fought from 1914-1918. United States entered World War I in 1917. The Origins of Europe s Great War Nationalism Four most powerful

More information

Why did Australia fight in Vietnam?

Why did Australia fight in Vietnam? Retro 2, p. 202-203. One land many stories, p. 182-183 Why did Australia fight in Vietnam? Inquiry question. Why was Australia involved in the Vietnam War? How did various groups respond to Australia s

More information

World History Course Summary Department: Social Studies. Semester 1

World History Course Summary Department: Social Studies. Semester 1 World History Course Summary Department: Social Studies All World History courses (Honors or otherwise) utilize the same targets and indicators for student performance. However, students enrolled in Honors

More information

Cold War Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Who was primarily responsible for the Cold War: The United States or the Soviet Union?

Cold War Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Who was primarily responsible for the Cold War: The United States or the Soviet Union? Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Who was primarily responsible for the : The United States or the Soviet Union? Materials: PowerPoint Copies of Timeline Copies of Documents A-D Copies of Guiding

More information

HISTORY REVISION GUIDE

HISTORY REVISION GUIDE Name Paper 2 HISTORY REVISION GUIDE THE USA AND VIETNAM: FAILURE ABROAD AND AT HOME 1964-1975 NOTE: This guide only prepares you for the Paper 2 Section B questions on Vietnam. You must use your other

More information

Revision booklet. The reasons for US involvement in Vietnam, 1961 3, pp. 2-4. Escalation of the US war effort, 1964 1968, pp. 5-7

Revision booklet. The reasons for US involvement in Vietnam, 1961 3, pp. 2-4. Escalation of the US war effort, 1964 1968, pp. 5-7 The USA and Vietnam 1961 75 Revision booklet The reasons for US involvement in Vietnam, 1961 3, pp. 2-4 Escalation of the US war effort, 1964 1968, pp. 5-7 The crisis of the war, 1964 1968: Vietnam, pp.

More information

The Nightmare of Vietnam

The Nightmare of Vietnam 25 The Nightmare of Vietnam GEORGE C. HERRING The Vietnam War was one of the most controversial episodes in United States history. American involvement in that conflict began with Truman and persisted

More information

Name: Date: Hour: Allies (Russia in this instance) over the Germans. Allies (British and American forces defeated German forces in Northern Africa)

Name: Date: Hour: Allies (Russia in this instance) over the Germans. Allies (British and American forces defeated German forces in Northern Africa) Name: Date: Hour: World War II Use your textbook and other sources to complete the chart below regarding the significant events that took place during World War II. Answer the questions that follow in

More information

Indochina. Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia Mountainous terrain Deltas: Red River (north) Mekong (south) Tropical rainforests

Indochina. Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia Mountainous terrain Deltas: Red River (north) Mekong (south) Tropical rainforests The Vietnam War Essential Questions Was it possible for the United States to have definitively won the Vietnam War? What experiences did American soldiers undergo in Vietnam? How did the American public

More information

MacArthur Memorial Education Programs

MacArthur Memorial Education Programs MacArthur Memorial Education Programs World War II Primary Resources Flag Raising on Iwo Jima, February 23, 1945 Background President Woodrow Wilson described World War I as the war to end all wars. In

More information

DBQ 13: Start of the Cold War

DBQ 13: Start of the Cold War Name Date DBQ 13: Start of the Cold War (Adapted from Document-Based Assessment for Global History, Walch Education) Historical Context: Between 1945 and 1950, the wartime alliance between the United States

More information

Cold War Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Who was primarily responsible for the Cold War the United States or the Soviet Union?

Cold War Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Who was primarily responsible for the Cold War the United States or the Soviet Union? Cold War Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Who was primarily responsible for the Cold War the United States or the Soviet Union? Materials: Cold War PowerPoint Copies of Cold War Timeline Copies

More information

To What Extent is The Cold War a Result of Two Conflicting Ideologies?

To What Extent is The Cold War a Result of Two Conflicting Ideologies? Rahaf Alwattar Daniela Morales Kiley Smith Madison So To What Extent is The Cold War a Result of Two Conflicting Ideologies? The Cold War was an unceasing state of political and military tensions between

More information

Timeline of the Cold War

Timeline of the Cold War Timeline of the Cold War 1945 Defeat of Germany and Japan February 4-11: May 8: July: August 6: August 8: August 9: August 14 : August 15: 1946 February 9: March 5 : March 10: July 1: July 25: Yalta Conference

More information

Declaration of Independence, Democratic Republic of Vietnam* Ho Chi Minh (Hanoi, 2 September 1945).

Declaration of Independence, Democratic Republic of Vietnam* Ho Chi Minh (Hanoi, 2 September 1945). 33 Declaration of Independence, Democratic Republic of Vietnam* Ho Chi Minh (Hanoi, 2 September 1945). (SEPTEMBER 2, 1945) "All men are created equal. They are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable

More information

The Implication of TMD System in Japan to China s Security

The Implication of TMD System in Japan to China s Security The Sixth ISODARCO Beijing Seminar on Arms Control October 29-Novermber 1, 1998 Shanghai, China The Implication of TMD System in Japan to China s Security Institute of World Economics & Politics Chinese

More information

Created by Paul Hallett

Created by Paul Hallett The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States regarding the deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba. The missiles had been placed to protect

More information

II. 2006 Core Knowledge National Conference, The Vietnam War, 8 th Grade 1

II. 2006 Core Knowledge National Conference, The Vietnam War, 8 th Grade 1 The Vietnam War Grade Level: 8 th grade Social Studies Written by: Katie Birckhead, Henley Middle School, Crozet, Virginia Length of Unit: (15 45 minute periods; 7 Lessons) I. ABSTRACT In this unit, students

More information

COLD WAR-MEANING, CAUESE, HISTORY AND IMPACT

COLD WAR-MEANING, CAUESE, HISTORY AND IMPACT COLD WAR-MEANING, CAUESE, HISTORY AND IMPACT INTRODUCTION After Second World War the period of International Relations from 1945 to 1990 is known as the period of Cold war. In fact, after the war, the

More information

cold war Short Answer

cold war Short Answer cold war Short Answer 1. Recognize Ideologies The banner carried by these East German demonstrators in the autumn of 1989 reads, Improve Politics--only with new Government. Explain the meaning of this

More information

A. Poland, Bulgaria, Soviet Union B. France, Spain, Manchuria C. Italy, United States, Japan D. Germany, Italy, Japan

A. Poland, Bulgaria, Soviet Union B. France, Spain, Manchuria C. Italy, United States, Japan D. Germany, Italy, Japan Social Studies Quiz World War II & the Cold War Name Date Read each of the following questions/statements carefully and circle the letter representing the best answer choice. 1. Which was an effect of

More information

Chapter 6 The Yalta Conference

Chapter 6 The Yalta Conference Page 29 Chapter 6 The Yalta Conference While Germany and the Allies were engaged in the Battle of the Bulge, US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill prepared to meet

More information

The Vietnam War. Chapter. SECTION 1 Going to War in Vietnam SECTION 2 Vietnam Divides the Nation SECTION 3 The War Winds Down U.S. EVENTS WORLD EVENTS

The Vietnam War. Chapter. SECTION 1 Going to War in Vietnam SECTION 2 Vietnam Divides the Nation SECTION 3 The War Winds Down U.S. EVENTS WORLD EVENTS Chapter The Vietnam War 1954 1975 SECTION 1 Going to War in Vietnam SECTION 2 Vietnam Divides the Nation SECTION 3 The War Winds Down American soldiers march up a hill in Vietnam in 1968, as fires behind

More information

Australia and the Vietnam War

Australia and the Vietnam War Why did Australia enter the war in 1965? Did Australians support this decision? Page 1 of 20 Why does a nation go to war in another country? In 2003 Australia went to war in a country thousands of kilometres

More information

The Causes of the French and Indian War

The Causes of the French and Indian War The Causes of the French and Indian War The End of the French Threat 1. relations between England & the colonies had been positive until the 1760s 2. England & France were the two main rivals for leadership

More information

The Nuclear Weapons Debate

The Nuclear Weapons Debate Scottish CND - Education Pack The Nuclear Weapons Debate Scottish CND s educational resource Nuclear Weapons: Yes or No is aimed at late primary to early secondary school pupils. It has 4 units: The Nuclear

More information

Why did the US want to claim small islands in the Pacific Ocean such as Midway Island and Wake Island?

Why did the US want to claim small islands in the Pacific Ocean such as Midway Island and Wake Island? US History & Government Imperialism Why did the US create an empire in the late 19 th Century? Social: Economic: Political: Religious: Military: China Why did the US want to claim small islands in the

More information

American History: Lyndon Johnson and the Vietnam War

American History: Lyndon Johnson and the Vietnam War 02 November 2011 voaspecialenglish.com American History: Lyndon Johnson and the Vietnam War AP Thousands gather at United Nations Plaza in New York City on April 15, 1967, for a peaceful demonstration

More information

The Cold War, Bipolarity Structure and the Power Vacuum in the East and South East Asia after 1945

The Cold War, Bipolarity Structure and the Power Vacuum in the East and South East Asia after 1945 Journal of Global Peace and Conflict June 2014, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 121-128 ISSN: 2333-584X (Print), 2333-5858 (Online) Copyright The Author(s). 2014. All Rights Reserved. Published by American Research

More information

5th social studies core skills (5thsocstud_coreskills)

5th social studies core skills (5thsocstud_coreskills) Name: Date: 1. On July 4, 1852 a writer was asked to speak at an Independence Day celebration in Rochester, New York. Below is a part of his speech. Fellow citizens Pardon me, and allow me to ask, why

More information

Nixon s Foreign Policy

Nixon s Foreign Policy 1 Nixon s Foreign Policy 2 TEKS 1, 24, 24(G), 26 3 Listen 4 5 Listen 6 Listen 7 8 Listen After a period of confrontation, we are entering an era of negotiation. Let all nations know that during this administration

More information

Rationale/ Purpose (so what?) Nature and scope of topic. Why is this significant to the mission of educating future citizens?

Rationale/ Purpose (so what?) Nature and scope of topic. Why is this significant to the mission of educating future citizens? Title: Vietnam Controversy Lesson Author: Sloan Lynch and Margaret Beale Key Words: Communism, Cold War Grade Level: 11 th Grade Time Allotted: 55 Minutes Rationale/ Purpose (so what?) Nature and scope

More information

Cold War: Superpowers Face Off

Cold War: Superpowers Face Off 1 Cold War: Superpowers Face Off MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES ECONOMICS The opposing economic and political philosophies of the United States and the Soviet Union led to global competition.

More information

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1. THE WORLD BEFORE THE GREAT WAR. PRETASK. 3. Pre- listening.

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1. THE WORLD BEFORE THE GREAT WAR. PRETASK. 3. Pre- listening. TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1. THE WORLD BEFORE THE GREAT WAR. PRETASK 3. Pre- listening. 1. Before 1914, the nations of Europe were involved in a race to obtain overseas colonies all over the world, mainly

More information

1914-1918: WORLD WAR I CFE 3201V

1914-1918: WORLD WAR I CFE 3201V 1914-1918: WORLD WAR I CFE 3201V OPEN CAPTIONED NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY 1992 Grade Levels: 10-13+ 25 minutes 1 Instructional Graphic Enclosed DESCRIPTION The forces of nationalism, imperialism, and

More information

Cuban Missile Crisis Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Why did the Russians pull their missiles out of Cuba?

Cuban Missile Crisis Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Why did the Russians pull their missiles out of Cuba? Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Why did the Russians pull their missiles out of Cuba? Materials: United Streaming Video Segment: The Hour of Maximum Danger (from Freedom: A History of the US:

More information

National Security Strategy: The Vietnam War, 1954-1975

National Security Strategy: The Vietnam War, 1954-1975 National Security Strategy: The Vietnam War, 1954-1975 Professor Branislav L. Slantchev January 1, 2014 Overview We look briefly at the longest war America ever fought, the Vietnam War. We trace the gradual

More information

Unit 01 - Study Questions 1. In what ways did geography and climate affect the development of human society? 2. What were the economic and social

Unit 01 - Study Questions 1. In what ways did geography and climate affect the development of human society? 2. What were the economic and social Unit 01 - Study Questions 1. In what ways did geography and climate affect the development of human society? 2. What were the economic and social results of the agricultural revolution? 3. What are the

More information

Social Studies. Directions: Complete the following questions using the link listed below.

Social Studies. Directions: Complete the following questions using the link listed below. Social Studies Name: Directions: Complete the following questions using the link listed below. Questions 1-8: http://www.biography.com/people/adolf-hitler-9340144 (Pages 1-2) Questions 9-17: http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/adolf-hitler

More information

Created by Paul Hallett

Created by Paul Hallett The National Cold War Exhibition and this resource pack will assist in the learning of GCSE Modern World History. As you enter the National Cold War Exhibition read the three information boards on the

More information

Remember the Alamo. The Changing Border of the Southwest

Remember the Alamo. The Changing Border of the Southwest Remember the Alamo The Changing Border of the Southwest Interact: What do you think this picture shows? In the year 1820, the new country of the United States and the newer country of Mexico had a lot

More information

The Mongols and their impact on China and Korea

The Mongols and their impact on China and Korea The Mongols and their impact on China and Korea Nov. 6, 2012 Review What is the relationship of religion and philosophy to social structure? How much social mobility was there in pre-modern Asia? What

More information

FDR AND PEARL HARBOR

FDR AND PEARL HARBOR FDR AND PEARL HARBOR Almost as soon as the attacks occurred, conspiracy theorists began claiming that President Roosevelt had prior knowledge of the assault on Pearl Harbor. Others have claimed he tricked

More information

Cold War Practice. Attorney General Robert H. Jackson, on the Nuremberg Trials

Cold War Practice. Attorney General Robert H. Jackson, on the Nuremberg Trials Class: Date: Cold War Practice Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of these was an agreement reached at the Yalta Conference that one

More information

Vietnam War: Facts, Stats & Myths Credit: Capt. Marshal Hanson, USNR (Ret.) and Capt. Scott Beaton, Statistical Source

Vietnam War: Facts, Stats & Myths Credit: Capt. Marshal Hanson, USNR (Ret.) and Capt. Scott Beaton, Statistical Source Web Source - http://www.uswings.com/vietnamfacts.asp Vietnam War: Facts, Stats & Myths Credit: Capt. Marshal Hanson, USNR (Ret.) and Capt. Scott Beaton, Statistical Source 9,087,000 military personnel

More information

Comprehension and Discussion Activities for the Movie The Killing Fields

Comprehension and Discussion Activities for the Movie The Killing Fields Comprehension and Discussion Activities for the Movie The Killing Fields This module has been designed to accompany the film The Killing Fields (1984). The Killing Fields is based on real characters and

More information

Korean War: The Untold Story

Korean War: The Untold Story Korean War: The Untold Story INTRODUCTION TO THE AIMS TEACHING MODULE (ATM) Rationale...................................................4 Organization and Management....................................5

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War Main Idea The detonation of the atomic bomb and the end of World War II led to disagreements among the Big Three wartime Allies and a shift in American attitudes toward the Soviet

More information

CHINA OVERVIEW: A BRIEF HISTORY OF CHINESE DYNASTIES. Student Handouts, Inc.

CHINA OVERVIEW: A BRIEF HISTORY OF CHINESE DYNASTIES. Student Handouts, Inc. CHINA OVERVIEW: A BRIEF HISTORY OF CHINESE DYNASTIES Student Handouts, Inc. GEOGRAPHY OF CHINA Larger than the United States Climate varies North Temperate and cold South Subtropical Erosion Floods and

More information

The Vietnam War. US involvement in Southeast Asia

The Vietnam War. US involvement in Southeast Asia The Vietnam War US involvement in Southeast Asia Colonial Origins Vietnamese culture: villages, rice; Buddhist historic tension with Chinese Arrival of French mid 19th century (Imperialism Colonization)

More information

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER LIBRARY ABILENE, KANSAS. U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENTIAL RECORDS, Intelligence Files: 1953-1961

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER LIBRARY ABILENE, KANSAS. U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENTIAL RECORDS, Intelligence Files: 1953-1961 DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER LIBRARY ABILENE, KANSAS U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENTIAL RECORDS, Intelligence Files: 1953-1961 Accession: 04-12; 11-09 Processed by DJH; MMK This collection consists of

More information

What Do We Mean by Democracy and Freedom? (Speech scheduled for a Boston America First rally on December 12, 1941 that was never delivered)

What Do We Mean by Democracy and Freedom? (Speech scheduled for a Boston America First rally on December 12, 1941 that was never delivered) What Do We Mean by Democracy and Freedom? (Speech scheduled for a Boston America First rally on December 12, 1941 that was never delivered) In the slogans and propaganda that have been hurled back and

More information

Mao Zedong (1893-1976): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader

Mao Zedong (1893-1976): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader Mao Zedong (1893-1976): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader All terms appearing in bold are included in the glossary. 1893 MAO Zedong was born on December 26 in the small village of Shaoshan

More information

History (Specification B) (Short Course)

History (Specification B) (Short Course) General Certificate of Secondary Education June 2015 History (Specification B) (Short Course) 91454 Unit 4: International Relations: Conflict and Peace in the 20th Century Monday 1 June 2015 9.00 am to

More information

To what extent was Mao Zedong a successful leader, in respect to the implementation of the Long March, his Five Year Plan, the Great Leap Forward,

To what extent was Mao Zedong a successful leader, in respect to the implementation of the Long March, his Five Year Plan, the Great Leap Forward, To what extent was Mao Zedong a successful leader, in respect to the implementation of the Long March, his Five Year Plan, the Great Leap Forward, and the Cultural Revolution? Ilyasah Shabazz IB History

More information

AMERICAN HISTORY CHAPTER 22 PACKET: The Vietnam Years

AMERICAN HISTORY CHAPTER 22 PACKET: The Vietnam Years AMERICAN HISTORY CHAPTER 22 PACKET: The Vietnam Years Take-Hme Hmewrk Packet 100 Pints Hnr Cde I understand that this is an independent assignment and that I can nt receive any assistance frm any ther

More information

U.S. HISTORY 11 TH GRADE LESSON AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR II: THE PACIFIC THEATER 1941-1945

U.S. HISTORY 11 TH GRADE LESSON AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR II: THE PACIFIC THEATER 1941-1945 U.S. HISTORY 11 TH GRADE LESSON AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR II: Objectives: TEKS Social Studies US1A, US1C, US6A, US6B, US6C, US22B, US24A, US24B, US24C, US24D, US24E, US25A, US25D 1. The student

More information

HOW WAS THE KOREAN WAR A FLASHPOINT OF THE COLD WAR?

HOW WAS THE KOREAN WAR A FLASHPOINT OF THE COLD WAR? HOW WAS THE KOREAN WAR A FLASHPOINT OF THE COLD WAR? GRADES: 9-12 AUTHOR: B.J. Piel SUBJECT: Global History IV, US History II TIME REQUIRED: One to two class periods OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to:

More information

Nanking Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: What happened during the Japanese invasion of Nanking?

Nanking Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: What happened during the Japanese invasion of Nanking? Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: What happened during the Japanese invasion of? Materials: PowerPoint Documents A-C Sourcing Organizer Corroboration Organizer Plan of Instruction: 1. Explain that

More information

The Cold War and American Globalism, 1945 1961

The Cold War and American Globalism, 1945 1961 CHAPTER 28 The Cold War and American Globalism, 1945 1961 LEARNING OBJECTIVES After you have studied Chapter 28 in your textbook and worked through this study guide chapter, you should be able to: 1. Examine

More information

1996 DBQ: Dutch Republic & Rival States1

1996 DBQ: Dutch Republic & Rival States1 AP European History! Mr. Walters 1996 DBQ: Dutch Republic & Rival States1 Task: Identify and analyze the challenges to the security, unity and prosperity of the Dutch Republic, 1650-1713. Take into account

More information

Chapter 6 The Problems that England Faced after the French and Indian War

Chapter 6 The Problems that England Faced after the French and Indian War Page 23 Chapter 6 The Problems that England Faced after the French and Indian War In 1759, thirty-one-year-old General James Wolf led a small but determined band of British soldiers up the steep cliff

More information

Diggers arrive in Vietnam

Diggers arrive in Vietnam Diggers arrive in Vietnam Step by step instructions (i) Tell or remind the students that cartoonists often express opinions about the actions of Australians or important events that affect Australians.

More information

History (Specification B)

History (Specification B) General Certificate of Secondary Education Specimen for June 2015 examinations History (Specification B) Unit 1 91451 International Relations: Conflict and Peace in the Twentieth Century Specimen for June

More information

HIST 465. Pacific Wars: Korea and Vietnam

HIST 465. Pacific Wars: Korea and Vietnam HIST 465 Pacific Wars: Korea and Vietnam Voyage: Spring 2017 Discipline: History 465 Course Number and Title: Pacific Wars: Korea and Vietnam Division: Upper Faculty Name: Israel Semester Credit Hours:

More information

Becoming a World Power. The Imperialist Vision. Imperialism (cont) 1872-1912. Americans wanted to develop overseas markets

Becoming a World Power. The Imperialist Vision. Imperialism (cont) 1872-1912. Americans wanted to develop overseas markets Becoming a World Power 1872-1912 The Imperialist Vision Imperialism economic and political domination of a strong nation over a weaker one Became popular with countries in Europe Imperialism (cont) Protectorates

More information

Resolving the South China Sea dispute

Resolving the South China Sea dispute Disarmament and International Security Committee Resolving the South China Sea dispute Introduction Territorial disputes in South China Sea have dominated the region for centuries, but it has not been

More information

Arab revolutions: Why West was caught off-guard

Arab revolutions: Why West was caught off-guard Arab revolutions: Why West was caught off-guard In early November, Mondial interviewed Ziad Abdel Samad, Executive Director of the Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND, based in Beirut). ANND is a regional

More information

Anti-Vietnam War Movement Lesson Plan. Central Historical Questions: Why did many Americans oppose the Vietnam War?

Anti-Vietnam War Movement Lesson Plan. Central Historical Questions: Why did many Americans oppose the Vietnam War? Lesson Plan Central Historical Questions: Why did many Americans oppose the Vietnam War? Materials: Anti-War Images Powerpoint Anti-War Timeline Anti-War Documents A and B Anti-War Documents Graphic Organizer

More information

Chapter 3 The Korean War and General MacArthur

Chapter 3 The Korean War and General MacArthur Page 72 Chapter 3 The Korean War and General MacArthur President Truman decided that the US could not afford to allow communist North Korea to overrun non-communist South Korea. His first action was to

More information

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection.

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection. U.S. History to 1865 Study Guide HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE STANDARDS OF LEARNING CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK 2008 (NEW) Reformatted version created by SOLpass www.solpass.org STANDARD USI.9A ISSUES DIVIDING

More information

UNDERSTANDING NATO THE ORIGINS OF THE ALLIANCE

UNDERSTANDING NATO THE ORIGINS OF THE ALLIANCE UNDERSTANDING NATO THE ORIGINS OF THE ALLIANCE In the aftermath of the Second World War, East and West Europe found themselves separated by the ideological and political divisions of the Cold War. Eastern

More information

Five Roles of Political Parties

Five Roles of Political Parties It s a Party but not the kind with ice cream and cake (usually). Political parties are groups of people who share similar beliefs about how the government should be run and how the issues facing our country

More information

Name. September 11, 2001: A Turning Point

Name. September 11, 2001: A Turning Point Name Directions: For the following questions(s), use this passage adapted from Mark Kishlansky s, Patrick Geary s, and Patricia O Brien s text, Civilization in the West. September 11, 2001: A Turning Point

More information

Chapter 15, Section 5. Turning the tide of the War

Chapter 15, Section 5. Turning the tide of the War Chapter 15, Section 5 Turning the tide of the War Battles General Battles Result Ambrose Burnside Fredericksburg (C/S) The Union suffered 13,000 losses Joseph Hooker Chancellorsville (C/S) Union force

More information

Note Taking Study Guide FROM APPEASEMENT TO WAR

Note Taking Study Guide FROM APPEASEMENT TO WAR SECTION 1 FROM APPEASEMENT TO WAR Focus Question: What events unfolded between Chamberlain s declaration of peace in our time and the outbreak of a world war? A. As you read Aggression Goes Unchecked and

More information