Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference."

Transcription

1 Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN 2016 in committee sessions. Please note this guide only provides the basis for your investigation. It is your responsibility to find as much information necessary on the topics and how they relate to the country you represent. Such information should help you write your Position Paper, where you need to cite the references in the text and finally list all references in the Modern Language Association (MLA} format. The more information and understanding you acquire on the two topics, the more you will be able to influence the Resolution writing process through debates [formal and informal caucuses], and the MMUN experience as a whole. Please feel free to contact us if and when you face challenges in your research or formatting your Position Papers. We encourage you to learn all you can about your topics first and then study your country with regard to the two selected topics. Please remember that both committee members need to be well versed and ready to debate both topics. Enjoy researching and writing your Position Papers. We look forward to seeing you at the Conference! MMUN Secretariat Team

2 United Nations Children s Fund (UNICEF) UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do. Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere. In all of its work, UNICEF takes a life-cycle based approach, recognizing the particular importance of early childhood development and adolescence. UNICEF programmes focus on the most disadvantaged children, including those living in fragile contexts, those with disabilities, those who are affected by rapid urbanization and those affected by environmental degradation. UNICEF was created with a distinct purpose in mind: to work with others to overcome the obstacles that poverty, violence, disease and discrimination place in a child s path. We advocate for measures to give children the best start in life, because proper care at the youngest age forms the strongest foundation for a person s future. UNICEF upholds the Convention on the Rights of the Child. We work to assure equality for those who are discriminated against, girls and women in particular. We work for the Millennium Development Goals and for the progress promised in the United Nations Charter. We strive for peace and security. We work to hold everyone accountable to the promises made for children. We are part of the Global Movement for Children a broad coalition dedicated to improving the life of every child. Through this movement, and events such as the United Nations Special Session on Children, we encourage young people to speak out and participate in the decisions that affect their lives. Source:

3 Eradicating Forced Labor and Child Labor Topic Background Around 215 million children across the globe work full time jobs, with no access to education or play time like other young children. 1 This is known as child labor, a global problem that can best be understood if considered from three main concepts: the concepts of child labor, forced labor and human trafficking. The International Labor Organization (ILO) defines forced labor as all work which a person is required to do under the threat of punishment and especially in instances where the person has not offered their work voluntarily 2. The ILO estimated in 2012 that 20.9 million people are victims of forced labor globally. Of these, 4.5 million are in forced commercial sexual exploitation, and 14.2 million are in other forms of labor exploitation spanning sectors such as agriculture, construction, domestic work and manufacturing. The remaining 2.2 million are in state-imposed forms of forced labor. The UN defines child labor as work that children should not be doing because they are too young to work, or if they have reached the minimum age because it is dangerous or otherwise unsuitable for them. 3 In child labor, children are exposed to dangerous working conditions, slavery, and using them to carry out illegal activities such as drug trafficking (whether or not they accepted to do it). Forced labor and child labor are closely linked. They occur in the same geographical areas, the same industries and are mainly caused by poverty and discrimination, and up to half of all people in forced labor are children. 4 In a similar manner, forced labor, child labor and child (human) trafficking are very much linked. Child trafficking falls under the concept of human trafficking which is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, keeping or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion such as abduction, fraud, deception, or using power to induce those who are vulnerable or paying someone to be able to have their permission to have control over another person, so that they can be exploited. 5 This makes human trafficking a terrible means to get children into forced labor. For the purposes of discussing this topic as a combination of the factors mentioned above, we could use the term forced child labor, which can be understood as getting a child to work by using force. In numerous countries, domestic workers, including children are trapped in situations of forced labor, and in many cases they are restrained from leaving the employers home through threats or violence. Such forced labor persists in South Asia where millions of men, women, and children are tied to their work through a vicious cycle of debts they owe. In Europe and North America, 1 UN Child Labor Day Background: 2 Forced Labor Convention, 1930 (No. 29), 3 Global Issues, United Nations, 4 International Trade Union Confederation, 5 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,

4 an increasing number of women and children are victims of trafficking for labor and sexual exploitation. Finally, there is also forced labor imposed by some States for the purposes of economic development or as a punishment for expressing political views. 6 Past International Actions The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) 7 is the first legally binding document to provide a complete set of human rights to children all over the world. It also defines a child as a person below the age of 18. The CRC was designed to provide a legal framework to guide other nations so they could take appropriate measures to enforce the principles outlined in the document. The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. The International Labor Organization 8 was founded in 1919 to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities and enhance social protection in work-related issues. Its mandate also includes abolishing child labor by devising standards and protocols based on the age of the child and safety of the workplace. Convention number 138 of the ILO states that the minimum age for admission to employment shall not be less than the age of completion of compulsory schooling and this means that education is very important in the development of the child and should not be compromised in anyway 9. In order to make informed decisions, the ILO hosts the International Labor Conference in Geneva annually to create effective solutions. Trafficking in persons has also been the subject of growing international attention in recent years. In the year 2000, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a Protocol 10 to mark a significant success step in the efforts to stop the trade in people. As the guardian of the Protocol, The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes addresses human trafficking issues through its global program against trafficking in persons. The United Nations encourages the work of non-governmental organizations (NGO s) to further the cause of eradicating child labor. One active NGO called Save the Children India, which has existed since the 1920 s, works to ensure children s rights and focuses on four pillars: child survival, child protection, education, and responding to emergencies and disaster risk reduction. 11 Anti-Slavery International 12 is also an NGO that has been working on child labor issues since the 1970s, with activities mainly in research and international advocacy. Both 6 International Labor standards on Forced Labor, ILO, 7 Convention on the Rights of the Child: 8 Mission and Objectives, ILO, 9 Database of Labor Legislation: 10 Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children, UNODC, 11 Save the Children India: 12 Anti-Slavery International and Child Labor,

5 organizations work with other NGOs, inter-governmental bodies and trade unions, and focus on the worst forms of child labor and slavery-like practices. Save the Children India has focused its operations in India and Anti-Slavery International has activities in Senegal, Peru, Costa Rica, Philippines, Togo and Tanzania. Possible Solutions This problem of forced labor and child labor is a big problem for the achievement of the MDGs 1, 2 and 6. However goal 2 is the most affected which then affects goals 1, and 6. It should be noted that forced child labor denies children the needed education (MDG 2) for them to develop and work meaningfully to cater for themselves and their families when they grow and this makes them poor (MDG 1). If we don t make children free from labor, it will be difficult to achieve universal primary education (MDG 2). Also since some children in forced labor are victims of sexual exploitation and this becomes a major means of spreading HIV/AIDS (MDG 6). Forced child labor can happen in any industry, but is especially common in industries that require low-skilled labor, such as agriculture and mining, or occupations hidden from public view, like domestic service 13. While it is important to note that lack of education, cultural values and poverty within families create a fertile ground for children to be forced into labor, it is important to understand that rise in unemployment, falling income and expanding informal economies (businesses that are not registered and regulated under laws of a country) has left children more vulnerable to work exploitation 14. It is very possible however, to mistak forced child labor as a problem for developing poor countries alone but this is not so. The report of the Global Alliance against forced labor 15 provides clear evidence that the abolition of forced labor represents a challenge for virtually every country in the world industrialized, transitioning and developing countries alike. It emphasizes the importance of sound laws and policies and their severe enforcement, as well as effective prevention strategies to deal with child labor. Despite the factors that serve as challenges to the fight against forced child labor, those who work on the problem believe we can give these children hope. Juan Somavia, the director of the International Labor Organization (ILO) once said, A world without child labor is possible with the right priorities and policies: quality education, opportunities for young people, decent work for parents and a basic social protection floor for all. 16 Under the current sustainable development agenda, the UN can help solve forced labor and child labor through two main ways: Ending Poverty: The world is aiming at eradicating poverty by 2030 as sustainable development goal 1. The UN member states will have to prevent forced child labor from producing more poor people in the future. Many families are forced to send their children into the workforce because 13 United States Department of Labor, 14 United States Department of Labor, 15 International Labor organization, 16 UN Resources for Speakers:

6 of their overall low income and many children in child labor are likely to continue this cycle. By supporting the growth of poverty stricken areas, the need for child labor can be diminished if basic needs are addressed. It is important therefore to discuss how poverty stricken families can be made independent. International Policing Measures: The sustainable development goal 3 emphasizes the need for healthy lives and wellbeing for all ages. This places children as an important part of this as they are at a very vulnerable age. Since trafficking is a key means of recruiting children for forced labor, it is important that UN member states work together to strengthen organizations like the INTERPOL and local police to collect intelligence information within and across the borders of countries in order to check human trafficking. In conclusion, it is important to note that the global community is responsible for the safety and well-being of all individuals, including young children that are vulnerable to dangerous conditions. By eliminating child labor, children will have better lifestyles with proper education, basic needs, and opportunities to succeed in the future. They (the children) must be at the heart of our thinking on challenges we are addressing on a daily basis. We know what to do, and we know how to do it. The means are at hand, it is up to us to seize the opportunity and build a world that is fit for children. - Ban Ki Moon, 2009 Further Research Guiding Questions: 1. What supplies or basic needs are necessary to provide to poverty ridden areas in order to initiate change? 2. How can UN member states improve collaboration between organizations like INTERPOL and local police agencies? 3. How can children who are rescued from forced labor by NGOs and state agencies be rehabilitated so that they can resume their lives in society free of trauma and the aftershocks of their ordeal? This might require counselling and support for affected families; how can governments do this in their respective countries? Research Sources: Global March against Child Labor Millennium Development Goal 2 International Labor Organization Anti-Slavery International

7 Questions 1. What are the three key issues discussed under the topic in this guide? 2. Name any three factors that allow forced child labor to grow? 3. Mention 2 main ways that the problem of forced child labor can be solved? 4. Which MDG is most affected by the problem? 5. How is child labor, forced labor and human trafficking linked? Answers 1. Child labor, forced labor, and human trafficking 2. Lack of education, low incomes, and expansion of informal economies 3. Ending poverty and improving global policing 4. MDG 2 5. Many children are working against their will (forced) and human trafficking is one key way of getting children for forced labor.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

Study on trafficking in persons in West Africa: an analysis of the legal and political framework for the protection of victims.

Study on trafficking in persons in West Africa: an analysis of the legal and political framework for the protection of victims. Study on trafficking in persons in West Africa: an analysis of the legal and political framework for the protection of victims I. Introduction Summary In the West African sub-region the phenomenon of trafficking

More information

Operational indicators of trafficking in human beings

Operational indicators of trafficking in human beings Operational indicators of trafficking in human beings Results from a Delphi survey implemented by the ILO and the European Commission First published in March 2009 Revised version of September 2009 What

More information

Child Labour What is child labour? What is the difference between child labour and child slavery?

Child Labour What is child labour? What is the difference between child labour and child slavery? Child Labour What is child labour? In 2010, the International Labor Organization estimated that there are over 306 million children aged 5-17 in the world who are economically active. This includes most

More information

Advocate for Women s Rights Using International Law

Advocate for Women s Rights Using International Law 300 Appendix A Advocate for Women s Rights Using International Law The United Nations (UN) brings together almost every government in the world to discuss issues, resolve conflicts, and make treaties affecting

More information

Profits and poverty: The economics of forced labour

Profits and poverty: The economics of forced labour US$150,000,000,000 Profits and poverty: The economics of forced labour The global integration of economies, including labour markets, has brought many opportunities for workers and businesses and has spurred

More information

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

Definition of human trafficking

Definition of human trafficking Department of Information Society and Action against Crime Directorate of Cooperation Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs Project on Combating and Preventing Trafficking in Human Beings

More information

Regional Cooperation to Prevent Human Trafficking in Asia: The Case of Thailand*

Regional Cooperation to Prevent Human Trafficking in Asia: The Case of Thailand* 1 Regional Cooperation to Prevent Human Trafficking in Asia: The Case of Thailand* Amara Pongsapich National Human Rights Commission of Thailand 1. Preamble 1 Human trafficking is a well-known phenomenon

More information

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2016 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

FORCED LABOUR WHY IT IS AN ISSUE FOR EMPLOYERS

FORCED LABOUR WHY IT IS AN ISSUE FOR EMPLOYERS FORCED LABOUR WHY IT IS AN ISSUE FOR EMPLOYERS INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION OF EMPLOYERS SEPTEMBER 2010 INTRODUCTION Although forced labour is universally condemned and banned and many believe that it is

More information

Resolution 11/3. Trafficking in persons, especially women and children

Resolution 11/3. Trafficking in persons, especially women and children Human Rights Council Eleventh Session Resolution 11/3. Trafficking in persons, especially women and children The Human Rights Council, Reaffirming all previous resolutions on the problem of trafficking

More information

Global Migration Group Symposium. Migration and youth: Harnessing opportunities for development

Global Migration Group Symposium. Migration and youth: Harnessing opportunities for development Global Migration Group Symposium Migration and youth: Harnessing opportunities for development Statement by Marta Santos Pais Special Representative of the Secretary General on Violence Against Children

More information

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

Child Sexual Abuse, Exploitation and Trafficking in Bangladesh

Child Sexual Abuse, Exploitation and Trafficking in Bangladesh Child Sexual Abuse, Exploitation and Trafficking in Bangladesh BACKGROUND Children in Bangladesh are vulnerable to being trafficked into bonded labour or brothels; being sexually abused in the home, the

More information

The ILO Bureau for Workers Activities (ACTRAV)

The ILO Bureau for Workers Activities (ACTRAV) The ILO Bureau for Workers Activities (ACTRAV) As the main link between the International Labour Office and workers, the Bureau for Workers' Activities (ACTRAV) coordinates all the activities of the Office

More information

Guidelines for the UN.GIFT Call for Proposals from Civil Society Organizations

Guidelines for the UN.GIFT Call for Proposals from Civil Society Organizations Guidelines for the UN.GIFT Call for Proposals from Civil Society Organizations 1. INTRODUCTION... 3 1.1. Objective of the guidelines... 3 1.2. UN.GIFT... 3 1.3. UN.GIFT Small Grants Facility... 3 1.4.

More information

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child CRC/C/OPSC/VEN/CO/1 Distr.: General 19 September 2014 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Rights of the Child Optional Protocol

More information

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5430th meeting, on 28 April 2006

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5430th meeting, on 28 April 2006 United Nations S/RES/1674 (2006) Security Council Distr.: General 28 April 2006 Resolution 1674 (2006) Adopted by the Security Council at its 5430th meeting, on 28 April 2006 The Security Council, Reaffirming

More information

UN World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond United Nations Children s Fund Convention on the Rights of the Child

UN World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond United Nations Children s Fund Convention on the Rights of the Child Leaflet No. 9: Indigenous Children and Youth Key Words and Ideas UN World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond United Nations Children s Fund Convention on the Rights of the Child

More information

ILO 2012 Global estimate of forced labour Executive summary

ILO 2012 Global estimate of forced labour Executive summary ILO 2012 Global estimate of forced labour Executive summary UNDER EMBARGO UNTIL JUNE 1, 2012, 8:30 a.m. GMT RESULTS Using a new and improved statistical methodology, the ILO estimates that 20.9 million

More information

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

Trafficking in women from Vietnam to China: an analysis of push and full factors. Trung Pham Gender and Peacebuilding Programme, University for Peace

Trafficking in women from Vietnam to China: an analysis of push and full factors. Trung Pham Gender and Peacebuilding Programme, University for Peace Trafficking in women from Vietnam to China: an analysis of push and full factors Trung Pham Gender and Peacebuilding Programme, University for Peace Trafficking in women from Vietnam to China: an analysis

More information

International Legal Perspectives on Human Trafficking. Anthony Prakash Navaneelan, J.D. Mamann, Sandaluk and Kingwell LLP

International Legal Perspectives on Human Trafficking. Anthony Prakash Navaneelan, J.D. Mamann, Sandaluk and Kingwell LLP International Legal Perspectives on Human Trafficking Anthony Prakash Navaneelan, J.D. Mamann, Sandaluk and Kingwell LLP anthony@migrationlaw.com Kay Chernush for the U.S. State Department. Snapshot of

More information

THE GLOBAL AGENDA FOR SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT COMMITMENT TO ACTION March 2012

THE GLOBAL AGENDA FOR SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT COMMITMENT TO ACTION March 2012 THE GLOBAL AGENDA FOR SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT COMMITMENT TO ACTION March 2012 OUR COMMITMENTS As social workers, educators and social development practitioners, we witness the daily realities

More information

REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON MIGRATION REGIONAL GUIDELINES FOR SPECIAL PROTECTION IN CASES OF THE REPATRIATION OF CHILD VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING

REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON MIGRATION REGIONAL GUIDELINES FOR SPECIAL PROTECTION IN CASES OF THE REPATRIATION OF CHILD VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON MIGRATION REGIONAL GUIDELINES FOR SPECIAL PROTECTION IN CASES OF THE REPATRIATION OF CHILD VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON MIGRATION REGIONAL GUIDELINES FOR SPECIAL

More information

Trafficking in Children in South Asia

Trafficking in Children in South Asia Trafficking in Children in South Asia Trafficking in Children in South Asia Save the Children Sweden Regional office for South and Central Asia The vision Save the Children works for: a world which respects

More information

Bangkok Declaration Synergies and Responses: Strategic Alliances in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

Bangkok Declaration Synergies and Responses: Strategic Alliances in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Bangkok Declaration Synergies and Responses: Strategic Alliances in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice We, the States Members of the United Nations, Having assembled at the Eleventh United Nations Congress

More information

COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. Twenty- Second Session CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDER ARTICLE 44 OF THE CONVENTION

COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. Twenty- Second Session CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDER ARTICLE 44 OF THE CONVENTION UNITED NATIONS CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child Distr. GENERAL CRC/C/15/Add.111 10 November 1999 Original: ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD Twenty- Second Session CONSIDERATION OF

More information

Committee on Migrant Workers General Discussion Day. Workplace exploitation of migrants

Committee on Migrant Workers General Discussion Day. Workplace exploitation of migrants Committee on Migrant Workers General Discussion Day Workplace exploitation of migrants François Crépeau, Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants A major pull factor for migration is the need

More information

Mental Health Declaration for Europe

Mental Health Declaration for Europe WHO European Ministerial Conference on Mental Health Facing the Challenges, Building Solutions Helsinki, Finland, 12 15 January 2005 EUR/04/5047810/6 14 January 2005 52667 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH Mental Health

More information

CROATIA CANDIDATE TO THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

CROATIA CANDIDATE TO THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL CROATIA CANDIDATE TO THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL 2017-2019 One of the greatest achievements of the development of human rights is the idea that human rights belong to everyone simply by virtue of being a

More information

SRI LANKA. Sri Lanka. Prevalence and Sectoral Distribution of the Worst Forms of Child Labor

SRI LANKA. Sri Lanka. Prevalence and Sectoral Distribution of the Worst Forms of Child Labor COUNTRY SRI PROFILES LANKA Sri Lanka During the reporting period, the Government of Sri Lanka took a major step by adopting a comprehensive child labor policy to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.

More information

SEX TRAFFICKING OF CHILDREN IN SOUTH KOREA

SEX TRAFFICKING OF CHILDREN IN SOUTH KOREA SEX TRAFFICKING OF CHILDREN IN SOUTH KOREA What is child trafficking? The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation. UN Convention against

More information

Labour Migration and Development. Setting a course for the future

Labour Migration and Development. Setting a course for the future Labour Migration and Development Setting a course for the future Decent work for migrant workers... Demographic trends, economic inequalities and the quest for decent work, combined with vulnerability

More information

OUR MISSION PREVENTION

OUR MISSION PREVENTION OUR MISSION PREVENTION We prevent trafficking through awareness and education. We have created presentations and curriculum for schools, orphanages, and universities to educate potential victims of trafficking.

More information

the period of 2006-2009, which includes specific programs on the realization of economic, social and cultural rights.

the period of 2006-2009, which includes specific programs on the realization of economic, social and cultural rights. UNITED NATIONS Economic and Social Council Distr. GENERAL E/C.12/SWE/CO/5 18 November 2008 Original: ENGLISH E COMMITTEE ON ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS Forty-first session Geneva, 3-21 November

More information

Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, Costa Rica, Georgia, Guatemala, Jordan, Nicaragua, Norway, Portugal and Qatar: draft resolution

Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, Costa Rica, Georgia, Guatemala, Jordan, Nicaragua, Norway, Portugal and Qatar: draft resolution United Nations A/64/L.58 General Assembly Distr.: Limited 30 June 2010 Original: English Sixty-fourth session Agenda item 114 Follow-up to the Outcome of the Millennium Summit Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina,

More information

Human Rights and Child Labour by Kailash Satyarthi, Global March Against Child Labour

Human Rights and Child Labour by Kailash Satyarthi, Global March Against Child Labour Human Rights and Child Labour by Kailash Satyarthi, Global March Against Child Labour Let me first applaud the leadership of Telephonica in the fight against child labour in the region. This Conference

More information

STATE PARTY EXAMINATION OF THE CAMBODIA S 2ND AND 3RD PERIODIC REPORT

STATE PARTY EXAMINATION OF THE CAMBODIA S 2ND AND 3RD PERIODIC REPORT 1 STATE PARTY EXAMINATION OF THE CAMBODIA S 2ND AND 3RD PERIODIC REPORT 57th SESSION OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD 30 May - 17 June 2011 Contents Opening Comments.1 General Measures of Implementation..3

More information

Look Beneath the Surface: Role of Social Service Providers in Identifying and Helping Victims of Human Trafficking

Look Beneath the Surface: Role of Social Service Providers in Identifying and Helping Victims of Human Trafficking Look Beneath the Surface: Role of Social Service Providers in Identifying and Helping Victims of Human Trafficking Presentation Overview Understanding human trafficking Identifying human trafficking victims

More information

THE ROOT CAUSES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA.

THE ROOT CAUSES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA. THE ROOT CAUSES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA. By Barr. Paul Adepelumi African Center For Advocacy & Human Development, Nigeria High-level Event on the UN Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons

More information

Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking In Human Beings, Especially Women and Children

Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking In Human Beings, Especially Women and Children Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking In Human Beings, Especially Women and Children Introduction This booklet contains the Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings, Especially

More information

UNICEF Information Package

UNICEF Information Package UNICEF Information Package 1 About UNICEF Global presence we are on the ground in 191 countries to advance the rights of children, through country programmes and National Committees. Five organizational

More information

Ending Human Trafficking in Partnership with the Business Community

Ending Human Trafficking in Partnership with the Business Community Ending Human Trafficking in Partnership with the Business Community 1 What is human trafficking? HUMAN TRAFFICKING Action Recruitment or transporting a person. Exploitation forced labour, slavery, sexual

More information

National Action Plan to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labour in Lebanon by Executive Summary

National Action Plan to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labour in Lebanon by Executive Summary National Action Plan to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labour in Lebanon by 2016 Executive Summary 2 Republic of Lebanon National Action Plan to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labour in Lebanon

More information

INTERNAL MIGRATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA C o n c e p t N o t e

INTERNAL MIGRATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA C o n c e p t N o t e Introduction INTERNAL MIGRATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA C o n c e p t N o t e UNESCO and UNICEF are partnering to organize a national workshop on Internal Migration and Human Development in India

More information

The role of consumer protection in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals

The role of consumer protection in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals The role of consumer protection in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals Consumer protection is an important means through which countries can support the implementation of many, if not all, of the

More information

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography... (for full text of Optional Protocol, see Appendix 2, page 670 and for reporting guidelines, see Appendix 3, page 692)

More information

Samoa has not signed or ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Samoa has not signed or ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. International Disability Alliance (IDA) Member Organizations: Disabled Peoples' International, Down Syndrome International, Inclusion International, International Federation of Hard of Hearing People,

More information

United Nations Programme on Youth. Interagency Expert Group Meeting on. Goals and Targets for Monitoring the Progress of Youth in the Global Economy

United Nations Programme on Youth. Interagency Expert Group Meeting on. Goals and Targets for Monitoring the Progress of Youth in the Global Economy BACKGROUND PAPER United Nations Programme on Youth Interagency Expert Group Meeting on Goals and Targets for Monitoring the Progress of Youth in the Global Economy New York, 30-31 May 2007 INTRODUCTION

More information

Fact Sheet: Youth and Education

Fact Sheet: Youth and Education Fact Sheet: Youth and Education 11% of the world s youth (15-24 years old) are non-literate. Data from 2005-2008 indicates that in developing countries, the percentage of nonliterate youth is 13%, with

More information

AFRICAN COMMON POSITION ON THE AU CAMPAIGN TO END CHILD MARRIAGE IN AFRICA

AFRICAN COMMON POSITION ON THE AU CAMPAIGN TO END CHILD MARRIAGE IN AFRICA AFRICAN UNION UNION AFRICAINE UNIÃO AFRICANA Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIAP. O. Box 3243Telephone +251 11 5517 700 Fax : 00251 11 5517844 www.au.int AFRICAN COMMON POSITION ON THE AU CAMPAIGN TO END CHILD MARRIAGE

More information

Botswana MINIMAL ADVANCEMENT

Botswana MINIMAL ADVANCEMENT In 2013, Botswana made a minimal advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The Government continued its Stay-in-School Program which is focused on training educators and social

More information

THE DECLARATION ON THE ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN ASEAN

THE DECLARATION ON THE ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN ASEAN THE DECLARATION ON THE ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN ASEAN WE, the Heads of State/Government of the Member States of the Association of Southeast

More information

SEX TRAFFICKING OF CHILDREN IN MALAYSIA

SEX TRAFFICKING OF CHILDREN IN MALAYSIA SEX TRAFFICKING OF CHILDREN IN MALAYSIA What is child trafficking? The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation. UN Convention against Transnational

More information

"HIV and AIDS and the world of work in Jordan: Challenges and workplace action

HIV and AIDS and the world of work in Jordan: Challenges and workplace action PROJECT CONCEPT NOTE TC programme on HIV/AIDS INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION CONCEPT NOTE "HIV and AIDS and the world of work in Jordan: Challenges and workplace action 15 November 2011 Amman 17 November

More information

2. The United Nations legislative framework for the protection of children from sexual violence, including sexual abuse and exploitation

2. The United Nations legislative framework for the protection of children from sexual violence, including sexual abuse and exploitation 2. The United Nations legislative framework for the protection of children from sexual violence, including sexual abuse and exploitation Marta Santos País United Nations Secretary-General s Special Representative

More information

A CHILD-RIGHTS APPROACH ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND CHILD TRAFFICKING: A UNICEF PERSPECTIVE

A CHILD-RIGHTS APPROACH ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND CHILD TRAFFICKING: A UNICEF PERSPECTIVE A CHILD-RIGHTS APPROACH ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND CHILD TRAFFICKING: A UNICEF PERSPECTIVE United Nations Children s Fund International migration and child trafficking affect a significant number of

More information

Test Your Knowledge About Trafficking

Test Your Knowledge About Trafficking est Your Knowledge About rafficking Running ime: 1 hour Materials: Flipchart and flipchart stand/chalkboard, markers/chalk; Handout A: rafficking Awareness Survey; Handout B: rafficking Awareness Answers

More information

BOLIVIA. Bolivia. Prevalence and Sectoral Distribution of the Worst Forms of Child Labor

BOLIVIA. Bolivia. Prevalence and Sectoral Distribution of the Worst Forms of Child Labor Bolivia BOLIVIA The Government of Bolivia has strengthened its legal and policy framework to address the worst forms of child labor, particularly in the sugar cane sector. However, hazardous child labor

More information

Create a public awareness poster on human trafficking directed at student peers.

Create a public awareness poster on human trafficking directed at student peers. HIGH SCHOOL Modern Day Slavery: Human Trafficking (Lesson Choice A) Overview: Students will learn about human trafficking in the United States and read a short profile of human trafficking survivors as

More information

GENDER BASED VIOLENCE AT THE WORKPLACE

GENDER BASED VIOLENCE AT THE WORKPLACE GENDER BASED VIOLENCE AT THE WORKPLACE By MILIMO KAPOMBE UNIVERSITY OF ZAMBIA AND ALLIED WORKERS UNION (UNZAAWU) INTRODUCTION Greetings to everyone who have made it to AFRECON 2015 in Botswana. My names

More information

WORLD REPORT ON CHILD LABOUR

WORLD REPORT ON CHILD LABOUR WORLD REPORT ON CHILD LABOUR Paving the way to decent work for young people 2015 Executive Summary Executive summary The case for accelerated global action targeting child labour and the lack of decent

More information

2014-2017. UNICEF/NYHQ2012-1868/Noorani

2014-2017. UNICEF/NYHQ2012-1868/Noorani UNICEF STRATEGIC PLAN 2014-2017 UNICEF/NYHQ2012-1868/Noorani UNICEF s Strategic Plan 2014-2017 is a road map for the realization of the rights of every child. The equity strategy, emphasizing the most

More information

GUIDANCE NOTE OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL. UN Approach to Justice for Children

GUIDANCE NOTE OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL. UN Approach to Justice for Children UNITED NATIONS NATIONS UNIES GUIDANCE NOTE OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL UN Approach to Justice for Children SEPTEMBER 2008 U N I T E D N A T I O N S N A T I O N S U N I E S GUIDANCE NOTE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL

More information

Dear Representative,

Dear Representative, Dear Representative, The Sex Workers Outreach Project-USA is a social justice network dedicated to the fundamental human rights of sex workers and their communities, focusing on ending violence and stigma

More information

UN Human Rights Council UNITED KINGDOM 2014-2016 candidate

UN Human Rights Council UNITED KINGDOM 2014-2016 candidate UN Human Rights Council UNITED KINGDOM 2014-2016 candidate The UK is a passionate, committed and effective defender of human rights. We are seeking election to the UN Human Rights Council for the term

More information

Trends : Increase in numbers of children sexually exploited Younger children New vulnerable groups (displaced children, etc.) HIV/AIDS pandemic growth

Trends : Increase in numbers of children sexually exploited Younger children New vulnerable groups (displaced children, etc.) HIV/AIDS pandemic growth FACTSHEET ON COMMERCIAL SEXUAL EXPLOITATION AND TRAFFICKING OF CHILDREN The facts Global figures: An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked each year M ost of them (girls and boys) are trafficked

More information

A human rights approach to trafficking in persons

A human rights approach to trafficking in persons A human rights approach to trafficking in persons AUSTRALIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION SUBMISSION TO THE UN SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS ESPECIALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN, AUSTRALIAN MISSION,

More information

Workers health: global plan of action

Workers health: global plan of action Workers health: global plan of action Sixtieth World Health Assembly 2 SIXTIETH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY SIXTIETH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY WHA60.26 Agenda item 12.13 23 May 2007 Workers health: global plan of

More information

Public Consultation on the Prevention of Human Trafficking Bill

Public Consultation on the Prevention of Human Trafficking Bill Public Consultation on the Prevention of Human Trafficking Bill Aim Mr Christopher de Souza, Member of Parliament for Holland-Bukit Timah GRC, and the Inter-Agency Task Force on Trafficking in Persons

More information

An Introduction to Human Slavery Tearfund NZ

An Introduction to Human Slavery Tearfund NZ An Introduction to Human Slavery Tearfund NZ By Reverend Francis Ritchie, 2014 Historical Background Slavery predates human records and was institutionalised in cultures around the world from the earliest

More information

The campaign will improve coordination between governments and organizations that work to fight the problem."

The campaign will improve coordination between governments and organizations that work to fight the problem. THE GLOBAL INITIATIVE TO FIGHT HUMAN TRAFFICKING Eva Biaudet, Special Representative on combating trafficking in human beings, OSCE: The campaign will improve coordination between governments and organizations

More information

SIDE EVENT ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE AFRICAN LABOUR MARKETS, GENEVA, 2 JUNE 2016 STATEMENT OF H.E AICHA ABULAHI, COMMISSIONER FOR POLITICAL AFFAIRS,

SIDE EVENT ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE AFRICAN LABOUR MARKETS, GENEVA, 2 JUNE 2016 STATEMENT OF H.E AICHA ABULAHI, COMMISSIONER FOR POLITICAL AFFAIRS, AFRICAN UNION UNION AFRICAINE UNIÃO AFRICANA SIDE EVENT ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE AFRICAN LABOUR MARKETS, GENEVA, 2 JUNE 2016 STATEMENT OF H.E AICHA ABULAHI, COMMISSIONER FOR POLITICAL AFFAIRS, AFRICAN UNION

More information

Chargé Margaret Diop Remarks: TIP Subject Matter Expert Exchange at Police Training Academy, Port of Spain August 13, 2013

Chargé Margaret Diop Remarks: TIP Subject Matter Expert Exchange at Police Training Academy, Port of Spain August 13, 2013 Good morning. I am honored to be with you today to mark the beginning of two days of knowledge and information sharing. The work we do today is part of a global movement to end one of the gravest human

More information

I congratulate you on your election to preside over the 65th Session of the United Nations General Assembly.

I congratulate you on your election to preside over the 65th Session of the United Nations General Assembly. I congratulate you on your election to preside over the 65th Session of the United Nations General Assembly. We fully share your proposal to analyze the central role of the United Nations Organization

More information

Reducing Vulnerability of the Girl Child in Poor Rural Areas. Activities of the International Fund for Agricultural Development

Reducing Vulnerability of the Girl Child in Poor Rural Areas. Activities of the International Fund for Agricultural Development EGM/DVGC/2006/OP.3 United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) in collaboration with UNICEF Expert Group Meeting Elimination of all forms of discrimination and violence against the girl

More information

Fairtrade Labelling Child Labour Position. Paper

Fairtrade Labelling Child Labour Position. Paper FAIRTRADE LABELLING ORGANIZATIONS INTERNATIONAL Fairtrade Labelling Child Labour Position Paper FTL Child Labour Position 1/10 Contents 1.Introduction and Summary 2. Fairtrade s Position on Child Labour

More information

Gender Based Violence

Gender Based Violence Gender Based Violence Background and problem statement Background Gender-based violence (GBV) is violence that is directed against a person on the basis of gender (European Institute for Gender Equality,

More information

Workshop of challenges of contemporary economy and their impact on industrial relations

Workshop of challenges of contemporary economy and their impact on industrial relations Workshop of challenges of contemporary economy and their impact on industrial relations Address of ILO DG Guy Ryder 8 May 2015, Luanda- Angola. Thank you Minister, Dear friends, I am pleased to be here.

More information

Convention on the Rights of the Child COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. Forty-ninth session

Convention on the Rights of the Child COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. Forty-ninth session UNITED NATIONS CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child Distr. GENERAL CRC/C/OPSC/AUT/CO/1 22 October 2008 Original: ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD Forty-ninth session CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS

More information

A Prompt and Appropriate Response from a Humanitarian Perspective Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan

A Prompt and Appropriate Response from a Humanitarian Perspective Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan Japan s Actions to Combat Trafficking in Persons A Prompt and Appropriate Response from a Humanitarian Perspective Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan Trafficking in persons (TIP) is a serious crime and

More information

MINORITIES AND THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION

MINORITIES AND THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION Pamphlet No. 10 MINORITIES AND THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION Summary: The complaint procedures developed by the ILO for the protection of human rights may be used directly only by a government,

More information

Alternative report from UNICEF Sweden re. the UPR process re. Sweden

Alternative report from UNICEF Sweden re. the UPR process re. Sweden To The Human rights council Geneva Stockholm 13 June 2014 Alternative report from UNICEF Sweden re. the UPR process re. Sweden Introduction This is a comment to the coming Universal Periodic Review (UPR)

More information

International Aspects of Human Trafficking Mary DeLorey Strategic Issues Advisor: Catholic Relief Services (CRS)

International Aspects of Human Trafficking Mary DeLorey Strategic Issues Advisor: Catholic Relief Services (CRS) 1 International Aspects of Human Trafficking Mary DeLorey Strategic Issues Advisor: Catholic Relief Services (CRS) As much as we would like to believe that slavery and human trafficking are only horrific

More information

The International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)

The International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) The International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) What it is and what it does International Labour Office It is the exploitation of childhood which constitutes the evil most unbearable

More information

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

Appeal to the Member States of the United Nations Early Childhood Development: The Foundation of Sustainable Human Development for 2015 and Beyond

Appeal to the Member States of the United Nations Early Childhood Development: The Foundation of Sustainable Human Development for 2015 and Beyond UNICEF/NYHQ2006-0450/Pirozzi Appeal to the Member States of the United Nations Early Childhood Development: The Foundation of Sustainable Human Development for 2015 and Beyond We, the undersigned, submit

More information

FACT SHEET: A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child

FACT SHEET: A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child FACT SHEET: A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child Article 1 (Definition of the child): The Convention defines a 'child' as a person below the age of 18, unless the laws

More information

Background information

Background information 2. why mainstream disability in development? Mainstreaming disability into international development policy and local development plans in order to define inclusive policies at local level has become a

More information

Legislation and Child Labour Policy in Malawi Paper for the National Conference in Eliminating Child labour in Agriculture

Legislation and Child Labour Policy in Malawi Paper for the National Conference in Eliminating Child labour in Agriculture Formatted: Left: 2.54 cm, Right: 2.54 cm, Width: 21.59 cm, Height: 27.94 cm, Header distance from edge: 1.27 cm, Footer distance from edge: 1.27 cm, Different first page header Legislation and Child Labour

More information

Recommendation 195. Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training and Lifelong Learning

Recommendation 195. Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training and Lifelong Learning Recommendation 195 International Labour Office Geneva Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training and Lifelong Learning Recommendation 195 Recommendation concerning Human

More information

THE ILO DOMESTIC WORKERS CONVENTION

THE ILO DOMESTIC WORKERS CONVENTION THE ILO DOMESTIC WORKERS CONVENTION NEW STANDARDS TO FIGHT DISCRIMINATION, EXPLOITATION, AND ABUSE INTRODUCTION At least 53 million people, the vast majority women and girls, are employed in private homes

More information

Child labour is better than living in poverty. Discuss.

Child labour is better than living in poverty. Discuss. Child labour is better than living in poverty. Discuss. This topic examines the issues of child labour and poverty. Is child labour justified in circumstances of extreme poverty? If a child s wage is helping

More information

Advance copy of the authentic text. The copy certified by the Secretary-General will be issued at a later time.

Advance copy of the authentic text. The copy certified by the Secretary-General will be issued at a later time. PROTOCOL TO PREVENT, SUPPRESS AND PUNISH TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS, ESPECIALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN, SUPPLEMENTING THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION AGAINST TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME Advance copy of the authentic

More information

Ending Human Trafficking by 2030: The Role of Global Partnerships in Eradicating Modern Slavery

Ending Human Trafficking by 2030: The Role of Global Partnerships in Eradicating Modern Slavery Ending Human Trafficking by 2030: The Role of Global Partnerships in Eradicating Modern Slavery UN Headquarters Conference Room 4 Thursday 7 th April 2016, 3-6:30pm Excellencies, Distinguished Guests,

More information

64/180. 2 A/CONF.213/RPM.1/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.2/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.3/1 and

64/180. 2 A/CONF.213/RPM.1/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.2/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.3/1 and Salvador Declaration on Comprehensive Strategies for Global Challenges: Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Systems and Their Development in a Changing World We, the States Members of the United Nations,

More information

Guyana signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 11 April 2007.

Guyana signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 11 April 2007. International Disability Alliance (IDA) Member Organizations: Disabled Peoples' International, Down Syndrome International, Inclusion International, International Federation of Hard of Hearing People,

More information