Lab #10 Invertebrates 2 and Vertebrates 1 (Exercises 39, 40)

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Lab #10 Invertebrates 2 and Vertebrates 1 (Exercises 39, 40)"

Transcription

1 Name Bio 182-General Biology Lab #10 Invertebrates 2 and Vertebrates 1 (Exercises 39, 40) Answer the questions in the space provided. You need to turn this sheet at the end of the lab. In general know all invertebrates by phylum, know biology and name of individual species we spend time answering questions on. Exercise 39. Pg 427. Arthropods: Fill in the following table based on the information you obtain both in the this lab and from your textbook. Table The Major characteristics of Arthropods and their adaptive advantage. Characteristic Adaptive Advantage Subphylum Chelicerata Spiders, Scorpions, and Horseshoe Crabs. Compare the preserved specimens to the labeled diagrams in the lab book then answer the following questions. Question 1. A. Why do we call the external chitinous covering of an arthropod a skeleton even though it is not made of bone?

2 Question 1. B What external features of a horseshoe crab are used for burrowing and scavenging in sand? Question 2. A. What external features make scorpions appear so menacing? Question 2. B. Which are larger, a scorpion's chelicerae or pedipalps? Question 2. C. What is the shape of a spider's chelicerae? Question 2. D. Do you see any evidence that a spider s body is segmented? Question 2. E. How many eyes do most spiders have? Are they paired and similar in size? Question 2. F. Many spiders are hairy. How might this feature be adaptive? Subphylum Crustacea (Crayfish Crabs Shrimps.) Examine the specimens provided. Procedure 39. Do not remove any appendages instead examine the external anatomy of a crayfish and: be able to differentiate the parts labeled in Figure 39.7 Question 3. How might mouthparts of various shapes be adaptive for crayfish? Question 4. A. Which body region of a crayfish is most obviously segmented? Question 4. B. What structures are located just under the carapace and attached to each leg of a crayfish? What is the adaptive advantage of these structures being attached to legs?

3 Question 4. C. How many legs are chelate (pincerlike with opposing claws)? Question 4. D. What is the function of the uropods and telson, and what feature indicates this function? Question 4. E. Are the anterior swimmerets different from the posterior pair? Is your crayfish a male or female? Question 4. F. Which set of legs (swimmerets or walking legs) appears best adapted to carry an incubating egg mass delicately and in a protected place on the body? Question 4. G. Crayfish can walk. Can they also swim? How would the uropods and telson help them do this? Question 4. H. How does the shape of a crab's abdomen differ from that of a crayfish? Class Chilopoda (Centipedes). Examine a preserved centipede. Question 5. B. What structures of chelicerates are analogous to the antennae of chilopods (centipedes) and other mandibulates? Class Dipolpoda (Millipedes). Examine a preserved millipede Question 6. B. Each apparent segment is actually two fused segments. How many legs are on each apparent segment?

4 Class Insecta: (Flies, Grasshoppers, Butterflies, Beetles, and others.) Procedure Examine the external features of a grasshopper. Parts 1 and 2 do not remove any parts. Question 7. C. Wing morphology varies among species and orders of insects. Spread the wings of the grasshopper that you are examining. Do all of the wings have the same shape and consistency? Question 7. D. Do you suspect that the fore- and hindwings have different functions? Why or why not? Question 7. E. Are wings significant to fundamental processes for arthropods? In what ways? Exercise 40 pg 441. Phylum Echinodermata. Class Asteroidea Sea Stars Question 1. Describe three major differences between deuterostome and protostome development. Procedure 40.1 Examine the external anatomy of a sea star. Observe the locomotion of sea stars in the video clip provided. Question 2. A. How many tube feet would you estimate are on the oral surface of a sea star? Why do they need so many? Question 2. C. What is the consistency of the madroporite? Question 2. D. How fast does a living sea star move?

5 Procedure Examine the internal anatomy of the sea star and look at the pictures provided. Then answer these questions. Question 3. B. What part of the water vascular system extends into each arm? Question 3. C. What other phyla that you have examined relay on "hydraulics" as a part of their locomotion system? Question 3. D. Does the cardiac stomach wall appear highly folded and extensible? How does that relate to the feeding method of most sea stars? Look at the specimens of Brittle Stars, Feathers Stars, Sea Urchins, Sand Dollars, and sea Cucumbers as you do answer the questions below that pertain to each type of organism. Question. 4. A. Between brittle stars and sea stars, which have the most apparent ossicles? Do they overlap? Class Echinoidea ( Sea Urchins and Sand Dollars) Question 6. A. Is an urchin's test pentaradially symmetrical? Question 6. B. Urchins and sand dollars lack arms. How do they move? Class Holothuroidea (Sea Cucumbers) Question 7. A. Are tube feet visible on the sea cucumber? Question 7. B. Hydras, octopuses, and sea cucumbers have tentacles. Do tentacles have a single universal function, or varied functions? What functions are common?

6 Phylum Chordata: Subphylum Urochordata (Tunicates or Sea Squirts) Examine preserved tunicates and the prepared slide of Ecteinascidea. Question 9. What other group of organisms has cellulose in its supporting structures? Does this shared feature surprise you? Subphylum Cephalochordata (Lancets) Examine the whole mount of Amphioxus (Immature Adult). Examine preserved specimens of Petromyzontida (Lampreys) and Myxini (Hagfish). This classification is different from the lab manual and you should be familiar with it. Skip the slides of these animals. Know the major Vertebrate classes. Class Chondrichthyes (Sharks, Skates, Rays): Look at the specimens on display then answer these questions. Question 11. A. Which fins of sharks provide power and speed? Question 11. B. Why is the number of Pharyngeal gill slits in sharks fewer than those in lampreys? Question 11. C. Is a lateral line system significant to fundamental processes for sharks and bony fish? How so? Look at the Class Osteichthyes (Bony Fish) on display and the pictures in your text then answer these questions. Question 12. A. How do the number and shape of fins of a bony fish differ from those of a shark? Question 12. B. Fins of a bony fish are flexible and diverse in shape. Describe the location of a fin present in bony fish but not in sharks. Question 12. C. How does the symmetry of the tail of a fish compare with that of a shark? Question 12. D. Does most of the power for movement by a fish come from the tail or from other fins?

7 Question 12. E. Can fish move water over their gills without moving through the water? What role does the operculum play in this movement? Question 12. F. How does the buoyancy of an air bladder affect the motion of a fish compared to that of a shark? Class Amphibia (Frogs, Toads and Salamanders): Look at the specimens on display then answer these questions Question 13. How are the legs of a frog different from the fins of a fish to enable movement on land? Class Reptilia (Turtles, Snakes, Lizards): Look at the specimens on display then answer these questions Question 14. A. What is the adaptive significance of internal fertilization and a water tight egg? Question 14. B. How do the legs of different reptiles vary in number, size and function? Question 14. C. Would you expect the legs of a terretrial tetrapod to be more robust than those of an aquatic organism? Why or why not? Is this true for the reptiles and the amphibians that you examined? Question 14. D. How could poikilothermy contribute to the evolutionary success of reptiles in their environment? Class Aves (Birds): Look at the specimens on display then answer these questions Question 15 A. What are wings of flying animals other than birds made of? Question 15 B. Why might birds use keen vision more than reptiles or amphibians do?

8 Question 15. C. Consider what you learned about enzymes in exercise 11. What might be the adaptive advantage of homeothermy? Question 15. D. Describe six adaptations of birds to fight? Class Mammalia Examine preserved mammals. Question 16. A. What factors govern the distribution of hair on species such as the human or rat? Question 16. B. How do the mammals that you are examining vary in body orientation (resting stance and position during movement)? Question 16. C. What characteristics of mammals help explain how they can occupy a variety of habitats?

OBJECTIVE. The student will be able to know about animal kingdom vertebrates. The student will be able to understand the classification of animal

OBJECTIVE. The student will be able to know about animal kingdom vertebrates. The student will be able to understand the classification of animal OBJECTIVE The student will be able to know about animal kingdom vertebrates The student will be able to understand the classification of animal The student will be able to give examples of each of the

More information

Animal Evolution The Invertebrates. Chapter 25 Part 3

Animal Evolution The Invertebrates. Chapter 25 Part 3 Animal Evolution The Invertebrates Chapter 25 Part 3 25.11 Roundworms Unsegmented Worms That Molt Roundworms (phylum Nematoda) are unsegmented, pseudocoelomate worms with a secreted cuticle that is molted

More information

Classification of Organisms (Taxonomy)

Classification of Organisms (Taxonomy) Unit 2 Lesson 1 Classification of Organisms (Taxonomy) S8.B.1.1.2,3 1 Classification (Taxonomy) Is the process of grouping organisms by certain characteristics Carl Linnaeus - Father of Taxonomy There

More information

Why are Echinoderms considered to be bilaterally symmetrical? 5 Classes: Sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sand dollars, sea cucumbers

Why are Echinoderms considered to be bilaterally symmetrical? 5 Classes: Sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sand dollars, sea cucumbers Protostome The Deuterostomes Echinoderms and Chordates Ch 35 Deuterostomes The SECOND opening of the digestive system (in the gastrula stage) becomes the mouth Deuterostomes Characteristics: Bilaterally

More information

Phylum Echinodermata and Phylum Chordata

Phylum Echinodermata and Phylum Chordata Phylum Echinodermata and Phylum Chordata Objectives: Differentiate between protostome and deuterostome characteristics. Identify traits of echinoderms. Differentiate between the different Chordate subphyla.

More information

Classifying Organisms

Classifying Organisms Grouping Organisms Classifying Organisms When you look for socks to wear, you probably go to your sock drawer. Your shirts might be in a different drawer. The clothes are grouped so that you can find them.

More information

BSC 2011L Principles of Biology 2 Lab Lab Topic 19 Animal Diversity II: Nematoda, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, and Chordata

BSC 2011L Principles of Biology 2 Lab Lab Topic 19 Animal Diversity II: Nematoda, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, and Chordata BSC 2011L Principles of Biology 2 Lab Lab Topic 19 Animal Diversity II: Nematoda, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, and Chordata Lab Topic 19: Animal Diversity II This lab topic is a continuation of observations

More information

Eubacteria: Known as the true bacteria, they are unicellular and do not have a nucleus

Eubacteria: Known as the true bacteria, they are unicellular and do not have a nucleus Name: Section: Date: Ms. Mallon CDW Key vocabulary to know: Classification: Grouping similar things together Kingdom: Large groups Eubacteria: Known as the true bacteria, they are unicellular and do not

More information

FOR THOUSANDS of years, people have sought to

FOR THOUSANDS of years, people have sought to Classifying Animals FOR THOUSANDS of years, people have sought to classify living creatures into general categories. An ongoing process, classification aids in research, education, and communication about

More information

Animal Form and Function. Vertebrate Animals. Kingdom Animalia. A combination of features distinguish the Animalia from all other Kingdoms

Animal Form and Function. Vertebrate Animals. Kingdom Animalia. A combination of features distinguish the Animalia from all other Kingdoms Animal Form and Function Kight Vertebrate Animals Kingdom Animalia A combination of features distinguish the Animalia from all other Kingdoms 1. Eukaryotic cells. 2. Heterotrophic Thought Question: What

More information

Lab # 6 on Taxonomy and the Animal Kingdom Pre Lab Questions:

Lab # 6 on Taxonomy and the Animal Kingdom Pre Lab Questions: Bio 10 Animal Lab #6 61 Lab # 6 on Taxonomy and the Animal Kingdom Pre Lab Questions: 1. Name one pro and one con for the use of taxonomy in Biology? 2. Name 3 domains and 4 eukaryotic kingdoms. 3. From

More information

Phylum Arthopoda - Arthropods includes spiders, scorpions, horseshoe crabs, centipedes, crustaceans, insects The largest and most diverse animal

Phylum Arthopoda - Arthropods includes spiders, scorpions, horseshoe crabs, centipedes, crustaceans, insects The largest and most diverse animal Phylum Arthopoda - Arthropods includes spiders, scorpions, horseshoe crabs, centipedes, crustaceans, insects The largest and most diverse animal phylum. Almost 2/3 of all species that have been described

More information

Arthropods are metameric and the segments have appendages Their nervous system is to that of annelids

Arthropods are metameric and the segments have appendages Their nervous system is to that of annelids Bio 108 - Arthropod Diversity 1 Phylum Arthropoda Similarities between Annelids and Arthropods Arthropods are metameric and the segments have appendages Their nervous system is to that of annelids Some

More information

Chordata- vertebrates

Chordata- vertebrates Chordata- vertebrates Animal phylogeny based on sequencing of SSU-rRNA Phylum Chordata Distinguishing Features 1. Pharyngeal gill slits 2. Dorsal hollow nerve cord 3. Notochord 4. Muscular postanal tail

More information

2-Vertebrate Structure and Development (Part I)

2-Vertebrate Structure and Development (Part I) 2-Vertebrate Structure and Development (Part I) VERTEBRATE DIVERSITY CHORDATE PHYLOGENY AND HOMOLOGY DEUTEROSTOME DEVELOPMENT CHORDATE BODY PLAN How do they do that???? DIVERSITY Pough et al. 2005, p.

More information

3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UNIT 11: ANIMALS-VERTEBRATES

3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UNIT 11: ANIMALS-VERTEBRATES 3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UNIT 11: ANIMALS-VERTEBRATES VERTEBRATES Vertebrates are animals which have a backbone and an internal skeleton. The skeleton protects vital organs and supports the weight of

More information

Invertebrate Diversity by Dr. Jennifer Doherty and Dr. Ingrid Waldron, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, 2011 1

Invertebrate Diversity by Dr. Jennifer Doherty and Dr. Ingrid Waldron, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, 2011 1 Invertebrate Diversity by Dr. Jennifer Doherty and Dr. Ingrid Waldron, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, 2011 1 Vertebrates are animals that have a backbone. For example, you are a vertebrate.

More information

28 Exploring Redi s Experiment

28 Exploring Redi s Experiment 28 Exploring Redi s Experiment Prentice-Hall, Inc. One jar was left uncovered. The second jar was covered. SCIENCE EXPLORER Focus on Life Science Maggots appeared on the meat in the open jar. Redi concluded

More information

Worksheets to be used with Progression of Life

Worksheets to be used with Progression of Life Ancient Vertebrates pictures of ancient vertebrate animals. Vertebrates: Animals that have backbones. Includes animals such as amphibians, birds, fish, mammals, and reptiles. People are vertebrate animals.

More information

Dichotomous Keys. Lab Exercise. Contents. Objectives. Introduction

Dichotomous Keys. Lab Exercise. Contents. Objectives. Introduction Lab Exercise Dichotomous Keys Contents Objectives 1 Introduction 1 Activity.1 Key to the Animal Kingdom 4 Activity.2 Creating a Key 6 Resutls Section 7 Objectives - Understand the concept of classification

More information

Any animal that lives outside of water needs a skeleton to support it.

Any animal that lives outside of water needs a skeleton to support it. LIFE AND LIVING SKELETONS The skeleton is the part of the body that forms the supporting structure in animals and humans. Without a skeleton, we would not be able to stand upright or walk. Animal Skeletons

More information

As unlikely as it seems, based on embryological evidence, the echinoderms appear to be the most-likely ancestors to the early chordates

As unlikely as it seems, based on embryological evidence, the echinoderms appear to be the most-likely ancestors to the early chordates Chordates Members of the Phylum Chordata include animals with which we are probably most likely familiar (including fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians and beasts like ourselves) As unlikely as it seems,

More information

Vertebrate Diversity. Phylogeny. I. P. Chordata. Invertebrate SubPhylum Urochordata. Invertebrate SubPhylum Cephalochordata

Vertebrate Diversity. Phylogeny. I. P. Chordata. Invertebrate SubPhylum Urochordata. Invertebrate SubPhylum Cephalochordata Vertebrate Diversity Phylogeny I. P. Chordata II. III. IV. Invertebrate SubPhylum Urochordata Invertebrate SubPhylum Cephalochordata Vertebrate Subphylum Vertebrata V. Superclass Agnatha (Jawless) VI.

More information

A. attract a mate B. reproduce C. sleep D. hunt for prey

A. attract a mate B. reproduce C. sleep D. hunt for prey 2. Fill in the blank. A crocodile's eyes are on top of its head, and its nostrils are on top of its snout. Having its eyes and nostrils in special places help the crocodile.. A. attract a mate B. reproduce

More information

Vertebrate Characteristics

Vertebrate Characteristics Vertebrate Characteristics Classification of Vertebrates!! a. Phylum: Chordata!!!Common Characteristics: "!notochord, pharyngeal gill slits, hollow dorsal nerve cord! b.!sub-phylum: Vertebrata!!!Common

More information

Life; Ch. 12; Structure & Function of Vertebrates

Life; Ch. 12; Structure & Function of Vertebrates Life; Ch. 12; Structure & Function of Vertebrates Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. At some point in their lives, all chordates have a flexible

More information

NQF Level: 1 US No:

NQF Level: 1 US No: NQF Level: 1 US No: 116173 Assessment Guide Primary Agriculture Evaluate Basic External Animal Anatomy and Morphology Assessor:.......................................... Workplace / Company:.................................

More information

This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is

This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is useful for proper management. 1 In order to appreciate

More information

The Starfish. The Starfish. Page 1. Name

The Starfish. The Starfish. Page 1. Name The Starfish Name The starfish is a good example of the phylum Echinodermata. These spiny-skinned animals have been around for about 60 million years and are exclusively marine and include sea stars (starfish),

More information

Table 1: Kingdom Worksheet

Table 1: Kingdom Worksheet KINGDOM WORKSHEET Table 1: Kingdom Worksheet Kingdom Bacteria Archaea Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia Cell Type prokaryotic prokaryotic eukaryotic eukaryotic eukaryotic eukaryotic Cell Wall often present,

More information

Grade 4 Book 5. Life and Living 2 Animals and their Habitats 1

Grade 4 Book 5. Life and Living 2 Animals and their Habitats 1 Grade 4 Book 5 Life and Living 2 Animals and their Habitats 1 1 Animals and their habitats 1 The wild things of this earth are not ours to do with as we please. They have been given to us in trust, and

More information

Branches on the Tree of Life DVD CHORDATES Written and photographed by David Denning and Bruce Russell 2005, BioMEDIA ASSOCIATES ...

Branches on the Tree of Life DVD CHORDATES Written and photographed by David Denning and Bruce Russell 2005, BioMEDIA ASSOCIATES ... Branches on the Tree of Life DVD CHORDATES Written and photographed by David Denning and Bruce Russell 2005, BioMEDIA ASSOCIATES (THUMBNAIL IMAGES IN THIS GUIDE ARE FROM THE DVD PROGRAM) To many students,

More information

Metamorphosis Rock, Paper, Scissors

Metamorphosis Rock, Paper, Scissors Teacher Lesson Plan Animal Life Cycles Pre-Visit Lesson Duration: 30-40 minutes Minnesota State Science Standard Correlations: 3.4.3.2.1. Wisconsin State Science Standard Correlations: C.4.1, C.4.2, F

More information

All about Animals. This pack consists of activity sheets for individual and group work, and whiteboard pictures for class discussion.

All about Animals. This pack consists of activity sheets for individual and group work, and whiteboard pictures for class discussion. All about Animals This pack consists of activity sheets for individual and group work, and whiteboard pictures for class discussion. Teacher guidance notes can be downloaded here. What do you know about

More information

many diverse adaptations to life -

many diverse adaptations to life - Introduction to Fish Biology About 25,000 species of fish have been described this is the most numerous group of vertebrates approximately 45%-50% of all vertebrate species are fish dominant life form

More information

Ohio Plants & Animals

Ohio Plants & Animals Ohio Plants & Animals GOAL: To study and observe local plants and animals in various life stages and habitats. Small Group Procedures Concept: A field experience is enhanced when students are able to focus

More information

Observing animals. Year 3. South Australian Museum Education Program. Crustacean. Insect. Fish. Arachnid. Reptile. Amphibian.

Observing animals. Year 3. South Australian Museum Education Program. Crustacean. Insect. Fish. Arachnid. Reptile. Amphibian. Observing Animals Observing animals Year 3 This Outreach Education Program for schools is made possible by the partnership between the South Australian Museum and the Department of Education and Children

More information

Arthropod Characteristic Differences

Arthropod Characteristic Differences Subphylum Uniramia Arthropod Characteristic Differences Subphylum Characteristics Representatives Uniramia Chelicerata Crustacea 1 pair of antennae uniramous legs tracheal system = spiracles, trachea and

More information

CRITTER COVERS. The overall emphasis of this animal unit is body coverings of vertebrate animals (animals with backbones).

CRITTER COVERS. The overall emphasis of this animal unit is body coverings of vertebrate animals (animals with backbones). CRITTER COVERS The overall emphasis of this animal unit is body coverings of vertebrate animals (animals with backbones). This learning unit contains information and activities that will assist in planning

More information

Dichotomous Keys. KEY A: Key to the DOMAINS of LIVING THINGS. KEY B: KEY to the KINGDOMS in the DOMAIN EUKARYA

Dichotomous Keys. KEY A: Key to the DOMAINS of LIVING THINGS. KEY B: KEY to the KINGDOMS in the DOMAIN EUKARYA 1 Dichotomous Keys Dichotomous keys are used to assist in the identification and classification of specimens of living things. To use a key, start at the top. At each decision point within a key, there

More information

Story -The life cycle of a shore crab Crabs live on rocky seashores and hide

Story -The life cycle of a shore crab Crabs live on rocky seashores and hide 1 Story -The life cycle of a shore crab Crabs live on rocky seashores and hide underneath rocks when the tide is low. Mating often occurs in spring and summer. The adult male and female come belly to belly

More information

Classify that Animal Pre-Visit Activities

Classify that Animal Pre-Visit Activities Classify that Animal Pre-Visit Activities The activities in this pre-visit packet have been designed to help you and your students prepare for your upcoming program at the St. Joseph County Parks. These

More information

Chordates -> Vertebrates. From basal Deuterostomes

Chordates -> Vertebrates. From basal Deuterostomes Chordates -> Vertebrates From basal Deuterostomes Outline Origins of Deuterostomes & Chordates Characteristics of Deuterostomes & Chordates Themes in Chordate evolution? Vertebrate adaptations? How are

More information

Classification. Living Things. bacteria and blue green algae: (single celled organisms without a nucleus)

Classification. Living Things. bacteria and blue green algae: (single celled organisms without a nucleus) Teacher Discovery Card Classification Information There are millions different kinds plants and animals in the world Each different kind plant and animal is called a species We can group species together

More information

Animals The Diversity of Life 3 What Is an Animal? What Is an Animal? Animal Types: The Family Tree. Essay: Redrawing the Family Tree

Animals The Diversity of Life 3 What Is an Animal? What Is an Animal? Animal Types: The Family Tree. Essay: Redrawing the Family Tree Animals The Diversity of Life 3 What Is an Animal? Characteristics of Animals. Are multicellular, exhibit embryonic development; fertilized egg turns into multicellular embryo (balls of cells called blastula)

More information

Grouping animals - Classification Teacher Notes/ Activity/Worksheets

Grouping animals - Classification Teacher Notes/ Activity/Worksheets Grouping animals - Classification Teacher Notes/ Activity/Worksheets What can we offer At Hamilton Zoo we can provide educational opportunities for students of all levels. This programme gives students

More information

Young Learners teacher s notes

Young Learners teacher s notes Children will learn to: recognize the difference between vertebrates and invertebrates; classify animals into groups: mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, fish, insects, arachnids, molluscs; identify

More information

Chapter 30 Fishes and Amphibians

Chapter 30 Fishes and Amphibians Chapter Outline Chapter 30 Fishes and Amphibians Section 1: The Fish Body KEY IDEAS > What are the main characteristics of fishes? > What structures do fish use to swim and sense their environment? > How

More information

Bio 103 Lecture Dr. Largen

Bio 103 Lecture Dr. Largen 1 Evolution of Animal Diversity Bio 103 Lecture Dr. Largen 2 What Am I? Of some 1.5 million species of organisms known to science over two-thirds are animals Humans have a long history of studying animal

More information

MARINE BIOLOGY - TENTATIVE LECTURE SCHEDULE - Fall 2016

MARINE BIOLOGY - TENTATIVE LECTURE SCHEDULE - Fall 2016 MARINE BIOLOGY - TENTATIVE LECTURE SCHEDULE - Fall 2016 Week Date Topic Reading 1 30 Aug, 1 Sept Introduction, The Sea Floor 2 2 6, 8 Sept Chemical and Physical Features 3 Photosynthesis, Respiration 4

More information

INVESTIGATION 1 How are Insects Classified?

INVESTIGATION 1 How are Insects Classified? 1 page 28 OVERVIEW INVESTIGATION 1 How are Insects Classified? ASPECTS OF INQUIRY For grades 5-8, the National Research Council (NRC) has identified eight Fundamental Abilities Necessary to Do Scientific

More information

Classification of Fishes. Chapter 8. Types of Marine Fish. Marine Fish. Types of Marine Fish. hagfish. Marine Fishes

Classification of Fishes. Chapter 8. Types of Marine Fish. Marine Fish. Types of Marine Fish. hagfish. Marine Fishes Classification of Fishes Chapter 8 Marine Fishes Marine Fish Marine fish are vertebrates Some have vertebra made of cartilage, while others have bony vertebra Of the 24,000 known species of fish, about

More information

Respiratory System Comparative Anatomy Lab

Respiratory System Comparative Anatomy Lab Name Date Period TOC# Pre-Lab Questions 1. What are the main structures of the respiratory system? Respiratory System Comparative Anatomy Lab 2. Why do we need to breathe in order to survive? 3. How do

More information

CHAPTER 46: ARTHROPODS

CHAPTER 46: ARTHROPODS CHAPTER 46: ARTHROPODS CHAPTER SYNOPSIS The arthropods were the first animals to exhibit jointed appendages. With the advent of rigid exoskeletons, jointed appendages were necessary to allow efficient

More information

COWLEY COLLEGE & Area Vocational Technical School

COWLEY COLLEGE & Area Vocational Technical School COWLEY COLLEGE & Area Vocational Technical School COURSE PROCEDURE FOR GENERAL BIOLOGY II BIO4135 5 Credit Hours Student Level: This course is open to students on the college level in either the freshman

More information

Kindergarten Science Unit B: Life Science Chapter 4: Plant and Animal Parts Lesson 1: What do plant parts do?

Kindergarten Science Unit B: Life Science Chapter 4: Plant and Animal Parts Lesson 1: What do plant parts do? Insert Photo or Graphic for Unit or Lesson Theme Kindergarten Science Unit B: Life Science Chapter 4: Plant and Animal Parts Lesson 1: What do plant parts do? Insert Photo/Graphic parts Insert Photo/Graphic

More information

Classifying Vertebrates Grade 4 Classroom Activity

Classifying Vertebrates Grade 4 Classroom Activity Classifying Vertebrates Grade 4 Classroom Activity The Classroom Activity introduces students to the context of a performance task, so they are not disadvantaged in demonstrating the skills the task intends

More information

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Name Class Date Chapter 33 Comparing Chordates Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Introduction One characteristic common to all vertebrates is the presence of a skeleton. The endoskeleton provides support,

More information

Exploring the differences between animals!

Exploring the differences between animals! Exploring the differences between animals! Created by- Lindsay Watson School- University of South Carolina Grade Level- Second Subject- Science Science Standard: 2-2.2 Classify animals (including mammals,

More information

Activity 8: Invertebrates Part 1 (Exercise 36, 37, 38)

Activity 8: Invertebrates Part 1 (Exercise 36, 37, 38) Name Bio 182-General Biology Activity 8: Invertebrates Part 1 (Exercise 36, 37, 38) Answer the questions in the space provided. You must submit this document on the date scheduled for this activity. Exercise

More information

fish bird mammal reptile insect amphibian

fish bird mammal reptile insect amphibian A Write the correct word from the box that describes the animal. fish bird mammal reptile insect amphibian 1. salamander 2. whale 3. penguin 4. shark 5. butterfly 6. snake B Write one more word or phrase

More information

Marine Invertebrates (Ch.9) part 3. Echinoderms Invert chordates CAT Review Game BINGO

Marine Invertebrates (Ch.9) part 3. Echinoderms Invert chordates CAT Review Game BINGO Marine Invertebrates (Ch.9) part 3 Echinoderms Invert chordates CAT Review Game BINGO Ph. Echinodermata (sea stars, sea urchins) Ph. Echinodermata (sea stars, sea urchins) Have spiny skin Water vascular

More information

Comparing Echinoderms

Comparing Echinoderms Skills Practice Lab Comparing Echinoderms OBJECTIVES Compare the structure of two types of echinoderms. Infer function from the observation of structures. PROCESS SKILLS using dissection instruments and

More information

- dorsal hollow nerve chord that forms spinal cord and brain. - pharyngeal gill slits at some point in life cycle

- dorsal hollow nerve chord that forms spinal cord and brain. - pharyngeal gill slits at some point in life cycle Chordates (44,000 species) All chordates share the following [Fig. 34.3, p. 699]: - dorsal hollow nerve chord that forms spinal cord and brain - notochord at some stage of life cycle (forms intervertebral

More information

1 Higher National Unit credit at SCQF level 8: (8 SCQF credit points at SCQF level 8)

1 Higher National Unit credit at SCQF level 8: (8 SCQF credit points at SCQF level 8) Higher National Unit specification General information Unit code: H921 35 Superclass: RH Publication date: May 2015 Source: Scottish Qualifications Authority Version: 01 Unit purpose This Unit is designed

More information

Fish: One-of-a-kind Animals (30 minute activity)

Fish: One-of-a-kind Animals (30 minute activity) FISH HEALTH/Activity Fish: One-of-a-kind Animals (30 minute activity) Objectives Materials Background I have known you in your streams and rivers where your fish flashed and danced in the sun, where the

More information

Invertebrate Comparative Anatomy Lab

Invertebrate Comparative Anatomy Lab Invertebrate Comparative Anatomy Lab Background: Scientists group animals by their similarities. We will be looking at different phyla of animals today. These animals will have things in common and they

More information

Chapter 33: Invertebrates

Chapter 33: Invertebrates Name Period Chapters 31, 32, and 33 should be considered as a single unit, and you should try to put all of them together in a single conceptual framework. Due to the scope of our course, you are likely

More information

Animal Classification. Contents. Preparation

Animal Classification. Contents. Preparation Animal Classification A collaborative sorting activity for Key stages 2 & 3 Teachers notes Contents Animal Cards: 8 Pictures per card (54 +2 blanks) Alphabetical list of pictured animals Group cards: VERTEBRATE/INVERTEBRATE

More information

Identifying Vertebrates Using Classification Keys

Identifying Vertebrates Using Classification Keys Name Class Date Chapter 18 Classification Identifying Vertebrates Using Classification Keys Introduction Organisms such as vertebrates (animals with backbones) are classified into groups according to certain

More information

Arthropods. Butterflies & Moths

Arthropods. Butterflies & Moths How are living things classified? Scientists place living things into groups based on their physical, chemical, & behavioral characteristics. This activity is called classification. Each type of living

More information

Ateneo de Zamboanga University Grade School PAASCU Level III Accredited ALTERNATIVE ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES IN SCIENCE GRADE TWO

Ateneo de Zamboanga University Grade School PAASCU Level III Accredited ALTERNATIVE ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES IN SCIENCE GRADE TWO Ateneo de Zamboanga University Grade School PAASCU Level III Accredited ` I. LEARNING OBJECTIVES ALTERNATIVE ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES IN SCIENCE GRADE TWO At the end of the lessons, the students are expected

More information

Education Program Packet 5 th Grade

Education Program Packet 5 th Grade Education Program Packet 5 th Grade Zoo Atlanta Education Programs: Zoo School Auditorium: Classification Quiz Show Zoo School Classroom: Animal Kingdom Zoomobile Outreach: What Vertebrate Am I? NightCrawlers

More information

Diversity of Vertebrate Animals

Diversity of Vertebrate Animals Diversity of Vertebrate Animals Over the last 400 million years, vertebrate animals have evolved a diverse array of adaptations for life on earth. Vertebrate animals are those with which people are most

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science GRADE 7 DICHOTOMOUS KEYS AND CLASSIFICATION

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science GRADE 7 DICHOTOMOUS KEYS AND CLASSIFICATION The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

nucleus cytoplasm membrane wall A cell is the smallest unit that makes up living and nonliving things.

nucleus cytoplasm membrane wall A cell is the smallest unit that makes up living and nonliving things. 1 In nature there are living things and nonliving things. Living things depend on three basic life processes: nutrition, sensitivity and reproduction. Living things are made up of cells. 1. Match the two

More information

Course Syllabus. B Syllabu. Biology Biology B Syllabus. Text: Holt Biology (2004) by George Johnson and Peter Raven

Course Syllabus. B Syllabu. Biology Biology B Syllabus. Text: Holt Biology (2004) by George Johnson and Peter Raven Course Syllabus Biology Biology B Syllabus B Syllabu s Text: Holt Biology (2004) by George Johnson and Peter Raven Student Text ISBN 003066473X (Optional) Enhanced online edition ISBN: 0030371538 Course

More information

Animal skeletons. The museum holds hundreds of skeletons - of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

Animal skeletons. The museum holds hundreds of skeletons - of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Animal skeletons All animals have skeletons of one sort or another. Mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish have bony skeletons. These skeletons come in all shapes and sizes, but they also share

More information

Macroinvertebrates. What are macros?

Macroinvertebrates. What are macros? Macroinvertebrates What are macros? Macroinvertebrates are organisms that lack a spine and are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. Examples of macroinvertebrates include flatworms, crayfish, snails,

More information

Marine Fishes. Chapter 8

Marine Fishes. Chapter 8 Marine Fishes Chapter 8 Protochordates ( first chordates ) Have a hollow dorsal nerve cord, gill slits, and a stiff supporting rod, the notochord, the forerunner of the backbone any member of either of

More information

2. Identify each using the letters below using BD for the Bald Eagle, G for the Golden Eagle, H for the Harpy Eagle, and BT for the Bateleur Eagle.

2. Identify each using the letters below using BD for the Bald Eagle, G for the Golden Eagle, H for the Harpy Eagle, and BT for the Bateleur Eagle. Eagle Quest Name SITE: American Eagle Foundation 1. How many species of eagles are found on Earth? 2. Identify each using the letters below using BD for the Bald Eagle, G for the Golden Eagle, H for the

More information

TAXONOMIC (DICHOTOMOUS) KEYS

TAXONOMIC (DICHOTOMOUS) KEYS TAXONOMIC (DICHOTOMOUS) KEYS One method of classifying and identifying objects includes using a taxonomic key, sometimes called a dichotomous key. A taxonomic key looks at the similarities and differences

More information

1 What Is Classifying?

1 What Is Classifying? Class: Date: 1 What Is Classifying? Fill in the blanks! C means putting things into groups based on whether they are a or d. Things in the same group share common f. We can classify living things into

More information

EP Grade 5 Science Animals Information Booklet Unit 5 Name: Class:

EP Grade 5 Science Animals Information Booklet Unit 5 Name: Class: EP Grade 5 Science Animals Information Booklet Unit 5 Name: Class: 1 - Unit 5 - Animals Section 1: Classifying Organisms To make organisms easier to study, scientists put them into different groups. This

More information

PROTOSTOMES: ECDYSOZOA AND DEUTEROSTOMES

PROTOSTOMES: ECDYSOZOA AND DEUTEROSTOMES PROTOSTOMES: ECDYSOZOA AND DEUTEROSTOMES Objective: After completing this exercise, you should be able to do the following: Describe features of the Ecdysozoa phyla: Nematoda and Arthropoda. Describe features

More information

Pond Water Web Lesson Plan

Pond Water Web Lesson Plan Pond Water Web Lesson Plan Purpose: As a result of this lesson, students will become familiar with common organisms found in a pond and discover their importance in a balanced aquatic habitat as they create

More information

reflect What about other living things? Do all animals look the same as their parents?

reflect What about other living things? Do all animals look the same as their parents? reflect Look at the boy and his father. How do they look the same? They both have two arms and two legs. They both have eyes and a nose. They look a lot alike! People can look like their parents. We get

More information

Performance Standards Framework for Science. Unit Organizer: (Approximate Time: 12 days) OVERVIEW:

Performance Standards Framework for Science. Unit Organizer: (Approximate Time: 12 days) OVERVIEW: Performance Standards Framework for Science Unit Organizer: (Approximate Time: 12 days) OVERVIEW: Students will observe specimens from animal and plant groups. They create a "field guide" to compare and

More information

Chordates (phylum Chordata) are bilaterian animals that belong to the clade of animals known as Deuterostomia

Chordates (phylum Chordata) are bilaterian animals that belong to the clade of animals known as Deuterostomia Ch 34 Origin & Evolution of Vertebrates Chordates Chordates (phylum Chordata) are bilaterian animals that belong to the clade of animals known as Deuterostomia Chordates comprise all vertebrates and two

More information

S1 Topic 6: Classifying Animals 1

S1 Topic 6: Classifying Animals 1 S1 Topic 6 Classifying Animals Level: S1 Topic: Sorting things into groups (Section 2.4 of Unit 2) Introduction: This set of ELA materials is designed as supplementary materials for those schools which

More information

Life Cycles of Animals

Life Cycles of Animals Life Cycles of Animals 1. Animals go through the same life cycle as their parents. It starts as a fertilised egg. The fertilized egg develops into an embryo. The embryo develops into a young animal. The

More information

Who Am I? Who Am I? Amphibian. Mammal

Who Am I? Who Am I? Amphibian. Mammal Amphibian Mammal I am one of the only types of animal that can learn behaviors from copying my parents. I m a warm blooded vertebrate that can live in many different climates. I am often characterized

More information

Slither, Slide, Creep and Crawl: Ocean Animal Exploration Traveling Outreach Program Pre- and Post-Visit Activities Grades Pre-K - K

Slither, Slide, Creep and Crawl: Ocean Animal Exploration Traveling Outreach Program Pre- and Post-Visit Activities Grades Pre-K - K Slither, Slide, Creep and Crawl: Ocean Animal Exploration Traveling Outreach Program Pre- and Post-Visit Activities Grades Pre-K - K Education Department 501 East Pratt Street Baltimore, MD 21202 Reproduction

More information

Comparative Physiology Symmetry in Marine Organisms

Comparative Physiology Symmetry in Marine Organisms Series 1 Name Date Don t forget to have your worksheet stamped at the front desk when you finish! Comparative Physiology Symmetry in Marine Organisms Part One: Learning Symmetry The body plans of organisms

More information

Activity Sheet A - Getting Sorted (Cont) Diet (in the wild) Herbivore Carnivore Omnivore Habitat Terrestrial/ground dwelling Arboreal/tree living Aqua

Activity Sheet A - Getting Sorted (Cont) Diet (in the wild) Herbivore Carnivore Omnivore Habitat Terrestrial/ground dwelling Arboreal/tree living Aqua Activity Sheet A - Getting Sorted Duration: 45 minutes Locate the animals listed below and find out their scientific name. Remember that the scientific name is usually written in italics or is underlined.

More information

DOG Pets cat - dog - horse - hamster - rabbit - fish

DOG Pets cat - dog - horse - hamster - rabbit - fish CAT Pets cat - dog - horse - hamster - rabbit - fish DOG Pets cat - dog - horse - hamster - rabbit - fish HORSE Pets cat - dog - horse - hamster - rabbit - fish HAMSTER Pets cat - dog - horse - hamster

More information

*Eukaryotic, unicellular or simple multicellular. Protists are grouped by methods of obtaining food their lifestyle. They are:

*Eukaryotic, unicellular or simple multicellular. Protists are grouped by methods of obtaining food their lifestyle. They are: Kisich KINGDOM PROTISTA *Eukaryotic, unicellular or simple multicellular. Protists are grouped by methods of obtaining food their lifestyle. They are: 1) animal-like called Protozoa. These are heterotrophs

More information

You CAN Judge an Animal by its Cover

You CAN Judge an Animal by its Cover You CAN Judge an Animal by its Cover National Mississippi River Museum and Aquarium Conservation Education Curriculum Target Grades: Pre K 3 rd Key Words: vertebrate, invertebrate, warm-blooded, cold-blooded

More information

In your last science lesson, you used posters to learn about five of the classes of vertebrates.

In your last science lesson, you used posters to learn about five of the classes of vertebrates. Science 4 Physical Life Earth and Space LESSON 31 Identifying characteristics of classes of vertebrates Lesson Preparation Program Materials Child s Booklet C Investigating Characteristics of Animals (pp.

More information

Marine Animals Classroom Activity

Marine Animals Classroom Activity Marine Animals Classroom Activity The Classroom Activity introduces students to the context of a performance task, so they are not disadvantaged in demonstrating the skills the task intends to assess.

More information