2 Agenda Importance of Ladder Safety An Approved Ladder Controlling Hazards Inspecting the Ladder Set Up Use
3 Importance of Ladder Safety Any fall can be serious, and a fall from the height of even a low ladder can mean a painful and incapacitating injury. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission estimates that in one year, 65,000 individuals receive emergency room treatment because of ladder accidents. (CDC)
4 An Approved Ladder An approved ladder usually consists of two side rails joined by regularly spaced crosspieces called steps, rungs, or cleats, allowing for up and down movement. Most ladders will be labeled with their duty rating.
5 An Approved Ladder continued Most ladders sold for household use are Type III lightduty ladders. 3-6 feet long. These are rated for a maximum load of 200 pounds (user plus materials). If the ladder needs to carry more weight than this, select a Type II medium-duty ladder feet long. 225 pounds Type I heavy-duty ladder 3-20 feet long. 250 pounds.
6 Requirements: An Approved Ladder continued Uniform step spacing should be no more than 12 inches and parallel. The minimum space between side rails should be no less than 11 ½ inches. The minimum width of the side rails should be no less than 1 inch.
7 Types of Ladders Stepladders Erect a stepladder only on a flat level surface. Before climbing a stepladder, make sure that its legs are fully extended and the spreader locked. The locking device on some ladders may present a pinching hazard, so keep fingers clear when setting up the ladder.
8 Types of Ladders Stepladders continued Never use a step ladder as a straight ladder. Stepladders do not exceed 20 feet.
9 Types of Ladders Stepladders continued Do not step on the bucket shelf or attempt to climb or stand on the rear section supports. They are not designed to support the weight of a person. Only a two way ladder is designed for two people.
10 What is wrong with this picture?
11 Types of Ladders Extension Ladders To raise a ladder, brace the lower end against a wall and then grasp the top rung with both hands. Raise the top end and walk underneath the ladder, moving down the rungs until the ladder is vertical.
12 Types of Ladders Extension Ladders continued When using an extension ladder, raise it to the desired height, being sure the locks engage properly on both sides of the ladder. Extension ladders do not exceed 44 feet when extended. Extension ladders are not used fully extended. There is an overlap between sections, not less than 10% of the working length of the ladder.
13 Storage and Maintenance Ladders should be stored in a sheltered area. Never leave a raised ladder unattended. It could fall unexpectedly and injure someone.
14 Storage and Maintenance continued Straight and extension ladders should be stored horizontally on racks or hooks with support points at the top, middle, and bottom of the ladder to prevent sagging and warping.
15 Storage and Maintenance continued Wooden ladders affected by exposure to heat, combined with dampness, need a dry, wellventilated storage area. A wooden ladder used outdoors should be shellacked, varnished or given two coats of linseed oil as a protective coating, unless it already has protective coatings. Never paint a wooden ladder; the paint can hide defects.
16 Storage and Maintenance Never use a damaged ladder. Have repair work done only by a competent repair shop. If there is major damage, discard the ladder. continued
17 Storage and Maintenance continued Do not attempt to straighten a bent metal ladder.
18 Controlling Hazards Inspecting the Ladder Ladders shall be inspected by a competent person for visible defects on a yearly basis and after any occurrence that could affect their safe use. All ladders should also be inspected prior to use and be maintained in good working condition. Ladders found to have defects, will immediately be marked "Do Not Use", taken out of service and replaced.
19 Controlling Hazards Inspecting the Ladder You should inspect the following: Check that the ladders have no nails, screws, or splinters sticking out. Check side rails for dents or bends. Check rivets for shear. Check the hardware connections. Check for excessively dented rungs. Check that the rungs are firmly attached to side rails. Check that the rungs have no oil or grease on them. Check that the non-slip safety feet or bases on ladders are in good condition. Check that the non-slip safety material on ladder rungs is in good condition. Check that the ladder is not wobbly and that steps are not worn or broken.
20 Controlling Hazards Set Up Do not place it on a table or any similar platform for added height. Ladders should be placed on dry firm ground. Ladders should not be placed in front of doors opening towards the ladders unless the door is locked or guarded.
21 Controlling Hazards Set Up continued Ladders shall be used only on stable and level surfaces unless secured to prevent accidental displacement. Ladders shall not be used on slippery surfaces unless secured or provided with slip-resistant feet to prevent accidental displacement.
22 Controlling Hazards Set Up continued Ladders shall not be tied or fastened together to provide longer sections unless they are specifically designed for such use. A metal spreader or locking device shall be provided on each stepladder to hold the front and back sections in an open position when the ladder is being used.
23 Controlling Hazards Set Up continued Ladder components shall be surfaced to prevent injury to an employee from punctures or lacerations, and to prevent snagging of clothing. Wood ladders shall not be coated with any opaque covering, except for identification or warning labels, which may be placed on one face only of a side rail. Ladders shall be maintained free of oil, grease and other slipping hazards. Ladders shall be used only for the purpose for which they were designed.
24 Controlling Hazards Set Up continued Portable extension ladders shall be used at an angle where the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is approximately one-fourth of the working length of the ladder. (Example: If the ladder is 20 feet long, the base of the ladder should be 5 feet from the structure.) 20 ft long ladder 5 ft
25 Controlling Hazards Set Up continued Never use a ladder in a strong wind. The point where the ladder rests against the wall should be flat and firm. A ladder should not be placed in front of a door that is not locked, blocked or guarded. Before positioning the ladder, check for insect or bird nests under leaves. The top of a ladder is no place to discover a wasp nest.
26 Controlling Hazards Set Up continued The area around the top and bottom of ladders shall be kept clear. The top of a portable extension ladder shall be placed with the two rails supported equally. Ladders shall not be moved, shifted or extended while occupied.
27 Controlling Hazards Set Up continued When portable ladders are used for access to an upper landing surface, the ladder side rails shall extend at least 3 feet above the upper landing surface; When such an extension is not possible, because of the ladder's length, the ladder shall be secured at its top.
28 Controlling Hazards Set Up continued Keep metal ladders away from electrical wires. Ladders should have nonconductive side rails if they are used where the employee or the ladder could contact exposed energized electrical equipment. When using a ladder near power lines, use a wooden or fiberglass ladder since metal ladders conduct electricity.
29 Controlling Hazards Use Face the ladder when climbing or descending and use both hands. Mount the ladder from the center, not from the side. Tools should be carried in the pockets, in a bag attached to a belt, or raised and lowered by rope. Be sure that the soles of your shoes are clean and dry. Work facing the ladder, holding on with one hand. If it is ever necessary to work with both hands, hook one leg over the rung.
30 Controlling Hazards Use continued Single-rail ladders shall not be used. Short ladders should not be spliced together to provide long sections.
31 Controlling Hazards A good general guide is to keep your body centered between the rails of the ladder. Instead of leaning to the side, get down and move the ladder. Ladders should not be used by more than one person at a time unless the ladder was designed for multiple people. Use continued
32 Controlling Hazards Use continued In case of sudden dizziness or a panicky feeling, bow your head, drape both arms over the rung in front of you, close your eyes, and wait until the feeling passes. If possible, secure the ladder. One way to do this is to have someone hold the bottom of the ladder.
33 Controlling Hazards Do not drape cords, store things or hang objects on ladder. This is a potential trip hazard and a possible electrical hazard. Use continued
34 Controlling Hazards Ladders shall not be used in a horizontal position as platforms, runways or scaffolds. Use continued
35 Controlling Hazards Use continued The top or top step shall not be used as a step. Never overextend the body.
36 Controlling Hazards Use continued Always maintain at least three points of contact with the ladder (2 feet and 1 hand, or 2 hands and 1 foot) should be in contact with the ladder at all times. The user shall use at least one hand to grasp the ladder when progressing up or down the ladder, and shall not carry any object or load that could cause the user to lose balance and fall.
29 CFR 1910.21-.68 Walking-Working Surfaces, 29 CFR 1926.1060 Construction Ladders Ladder Safety Preparation 1. Read Applicable Background information and related Company Policy Chapter. 2. Make Copies
CATHOLIC ARCHDIOCESE OF SEATTLE SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROGRAM APPENDIX 5 Ladders- Portable Safety WAC 296-155-480 Introduction: A portable ladder is a useful tool for accessing objects and equipment
Fixed and Portable Ladders- A Guide to OSHA Rules Introduction Working on and around stairways and ladders is hazardous. Stairways and ladders are major sources of injuries and fatalities among construction
DUQUESNE UNIVERSITY LADDER MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Prepared by: Environmental Health and Safety Department TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Purpose 1 Scope 1 Definitions 1 Responsibilities 2 Ladder Selection 3 Ladder
NYU Safety Policy Manual Page 1 of 7 APPLICATION All New York University academic, commercial and residential facilities. PURPOSE To prevent injuries and assure safe operation when working with ladders.
Page #: 1 of 6 Last Reviewed/Update Date: 7/27/11 Portable Ladder Safety 1. Purpose / Background The purpose of this Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) is to minimize the risk of injuries due to the incorrect
PURPOSE The purpose of this program is to establish the minimum requirements for the safe and proper use of ladders (including wooden, metal, and fiberglass ladders) and the minimum requirements for the
Department of Environmental Health & Safety Procedures Ladder Safety Program March 2010 Ladder Safety Program Page 1 of 12 Table of Contents I. Introduction II. III. IV. Policy Scope Responsibilities V.
PORTABLE LADDER SAFETY PROGRAM 1.0 PURPOSE The Indiana University (IU) Ladder Safety Program is to: 1.1 Make employees aware of hazards associated with use of portable ladders 1.2 Provide guidelines for
Program Release Date: April 30, 2013 Revision Level: 1 Prepared by: Jayson Scherer - Environmental, Health and Safety Supervisor Waukesha County Technical College Ladder Safety Program Table of Contents
SUNY Cortland-Environmental Health and Safety Office Ladder Safety Portable and Fixed Inception Date: January 9, 2007 Latest Revision/Review Date: May 5, 2015 Previous Revision/Review Date: April 24, 2014
Ladders Not 3 ft above roof On topcap Not secured Trip hazards Improper slope On top step Not on level surface Ladders New Reg GISO and CSO ladders standards were not consistent or complete safety hazards
Working at height and the use of ladders According to statistics from the Health and Safety Executive during the year 2006/2007 falls from a height was the most common cause of fatal injury at work and
LADDER SAFETY (Reviewed 9/27/207) 1. An Introduction to Ladder Safety Each year, nearly 300 people are killed and 65,000 seriously injured to careless use of ladders. These tragedies can be avoided. The
Safe Work Procedure Title Ladder Safety Date of Issue August 2010 Location All City Departments Review Date August 2011 Approved By Signature Purpose To minimize the risk of injury to employees when working
Prepared by Built Insurance Brokerage LLC Ladder Program and Training Materials Table of Contents Ladder Program... 1 Appendix A... 5 Appendix B... 7 Employee Handout... 9 Presentation Instructor Notes...
1401 LADDER SAFETY Leader s Guide Aurora Pictures LADDER SAFETY This easy-to-use Leader s Guide is provided to assist in conducting a successful presentation. Featured are: INTRODUCTION: A brief description
Ladder Safety Policy Introduction: No matter what type of ladder you use or what you use it for, it is important to take some extra precautions. Any fall can be serious and a fall from the height of even
LADDER SAFETY AT WORK Purpose The purpose of this safety announcement is to inform and protect faculty and staff against injuries from possible hazards in the work/ school environment. Guideline The U.S.
Stairways and Ladders Fact Sheet In This Document MODULE DESCRIPTION This module provides information on the safety concerns and Stairways and Ladders precautions associated with various types of stairways
Health and Safety Initial Induction Training Ladder and Step Ladder Safety This training has been designed to provide information to help you understand the correct way to use and care for portable ladders.
Wisconsin Contractors Institute OSHA Training Series Dwelling Contractor Qualifier Continuing Education Ladder and Stairway Safety (Course #12606) 2 hours Wisconsin Contractors Institute W 238 N3293 High
Ladder Safety Introduction/Overview Ladders are pretty uncomplicated devices. But, unfortunately, they cause more than their share of accidents. That's not the ladders' fault. These accidents happen when
SAFE USE OF LADDERS AND STEP LADDERS HEALTH & SAFETY UNIT REVIEWS SPRING 2006 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION...1 2. SAFE SYSTEM...1 4. SAFE USE OF LADDERS...3 4.1 Leaning ladders...3 4.2 Extension ladders...3
Ladder Inspections Due to recent information, lessons learned, and accident reports from across the DOE complex, emphasis needs to be placed on the importance of inspecting ladders, both portable and fixed.
E4282 Ladder Safety 1 Table of Contents Introduction. 3 Video Overview... 3 Introduction.... 3 Selecting the Right Ladder.. 3 Inspecting the Ladder... 4 Transporting the Ladder.. 5 Setting up the Ladder...
TRAINING GUIDE PORTABLE LADDERS 2001 Before you begin the meeting... Does this topic relate to the work the crew is doing? If not, choose another topic. Did you read this Training Guide and fill in the
Church safety solutions March 2007 Ladder injuries cost churches $1.4 million Special points of interest Avoid serious injuries related to falls from ladders Choosing the right ladder for the job Lessons
Number: OH&S 18.14.1 Revision Date: 2014.01.27 Ladders and Scaffolding 1. PURPOSE 2. SCOPE 1.1. To define the requirements and responsibilities of working with ladders and scaffolding at Thompson Rivers
SECTION 5.0 LADDER SAFETY The following material is being provided for informational purposes and in order to promote safety awareness. It does not constitute nor should it serve as a substitute for legal
SECTION 24 SAFE ACCESS, LADDERS, FLOOR & WALL OPENINGS, STAIRS AND RAILING SYSTEMS 24.A SAFE ACCESS - GENERAL 24.A.01 Safe access shall be provided to work areas and where danger exists of workers falling
Reviewed: 10-2006 Walking/Work Surfaces Fall Protection Program It is the responsibility of all supervisors and/or administrators to implement this safety program. Their responsibility includes yearly,
Annex M Appendix 1 Access Equipment and Fall Prevention Guidelines. Ladders, step-ladders, hop-ups, trestles and platforms without guarding may only be used if a task specific risk assessment justifies
This guide provides compliance information to help the metal and nonmetal mining industry comply with the requirements of the Mine Safety and Health Administration s (MSHA s) ladder standards. This document
Draft 9 8 2013 Ladder Safety Too many falls! Deaths 101 deaths involving ladders by OSHA in 2010 Over 1000 ladder related deaths since 2000. 164,000 emergency room-treated injuries in the U.S. relating
Ladder Safety Operator Selection Inspection Setup Usage Courtesy of Schools Insurance Authority Identify Two Hazards Schools Insurance Authority www.siajpa.org 2 Live to Play Another Day Injury Prevention
Walking and Working Surfaces Purpose: This information is presented to improve the level of safety in our operations, and to inform you that we will comply with the OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.23. Responsibility:
Effective Date: Version: 3 Page: 1 of 10 1. PURPOSE The purpose of this program is to establish the minimum requirements for the safe care and use of portable ladders (including wooden, metal, and fiberglass
!!!! 300 Combined Weight of User and Materials Type IA Duty Rating LOAD CAPACITY TELESCOPING MULTILADDER PROFESSIONAL GRADE Telescoping design for maximum versatility Operating Procedure and Safety Instructions
Ladder SAFETY Every Step Counts FA C I L I TAT O R S G U I D E What s Inside Facilitator s Guidelines a Overview b Getting Started d Presentation Guidelines f Lesson Plan h Frequently Asked Questions 1
This is the non-credit version no certificate will be issued Some links and content may not be active Material is updated periodically IF YOU WISH TO RECEIVE A CERTIFICATE, USE YOUR BROWSER BACK BUTTON
SECTION 3.7.6 LADDER SAFETY Page Introduction Purpose and Definition Straight and Extension Ladders Step Ladders General Precautions when using a Ladder Maintenance and Structural Defects Training Requirements
Ladder, Scaffolding, and Excavation Safety Plan Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Department Box 6113, SFA Station Nacogdoches, Texas 75962-6113 Revised: January 2011 LADDERS In reducing
Slips, Trips and Falls Introduction o Slips, trips and falls cause: The majority of general industry accidents 15 percent of all accidental deaths (~12,000/yr) More fatalities than all other causes but
WALKING-WORKING SURFACES (SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS) Slips, trips, and falls constitute the majority of general industry accidents. They cause 15% of all accidental deaths, and are second only to motor vehicles
Safe Use of Access Equipment Guidance Note 2 Jan14 1 Safe Use of Access Equipment Introduction This Guidance Note gives practical information about using access equipment. Sample templates have been included
Safe ladder use When climbing up or down, workers should: Always face the ladder. Workers must not use ladder-type material hoists for roof access unless the hoists are designed for that purpose. Use a
Safe use of ladders, step ladders and trestles INTRODUCTION 1 This Guidance Note has been prepared by HSE following a recommendation made by the Construction Industry Advisory Committee that guidance on
Page 1 of 12 1. Purpose: The purpose of a Program is to establish procedures to protect all employees engaged in outdoor or indoor work activities that expose them to potential falls from elevations. This
LADDER SAFETY Supplement to Standard Training Module TRAINING REQUIREMENTS OVERVIEW This standard Vivid training module provides a general overview of ladder safety. Although no particular training regimen
Preventing Slips, Trips, & Falls OSHA s Walking & Working Surfaces, & Fall Protection Standards Contents Introduction and Purpose General Injury Prevention Overview of Slips, Trips and Falls Types of Housekeeping
Slips, trips, falls and ladder safety OSHA 11: Slips, Trips, Falls and Ladder Safety 1 OSHA 11: Slips, Trips, Falls and Ladder Safety Slips, Trips and Falls Learning Objectives By the end of this lesson,
ELEVATED WORK POLICY 1.0 BACKGROUND The purpose of this program is to prevent accidents and injuries to workers from falls and to provide employees with the information for the safe use of fall protection
Bridge Inspection Handbook 2-1 2.1 INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 2 GENERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS Safety is everyone's business. As an employer, MassDOT is obligated to promote job safety and furnish safe tools, equipment,
CARLETON UNIVERSITY Ladder Safety Program Prepared by: Environmental, Health and Safety Department 2012/03/01 Heading goes here Carleton University Ladder Safety Program Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction
Fall Protection Susan Harwood Grant Training Program 2013 Scaffolds, Ladders and Lifts Learning Objectives Understand general requirements for the safe use of scaffolds Understand how to maintain a safe
1 Understand how to choose the right ladder Understand different types of ladders Understand basic ladder use safety principles Understand ladder safety errors in examples 2 Consider the Following: Ladder
20 LADDERS INTRODUCTION Every year in the Ontario construction industry more than 350 lost-time injuries are caused by ladder accidents. Many of these accidents involve falls resulting in serious injuries
FALL PROTECTION PROGRAM DEPARTMENT OF RISK MANAGEMENT AND SAFETY CREATED JUNE 2009 Table of Contents Fall Protection Requirements... 1 General Fall Protection... 1 Controlled Access Zones... 1 Guardrail
Loss Control Department Technical Information Paper Series Copyright 1997 The Hartford Loss Control Department TIPS Series S 140.200 Printed in U.S.A. This document is provided for information purposes
Checklist for Recognizing Slip, Trip and Fall Hazards 1. General Work Environment OK? CORRECTIVE ACTIONS Documented, functioning housekeeping program in place All workstations clean, sanitary and orderly
Reference: 3.03 Edition Date: 20 Mar 2015 Page 1 of 8 Working at Height 1. PURPOSE 1.1 To ensure that any work at height is carried out in accordance with the legal requirements and associated guidance.
Abu Dhabi Occupational Safety and Health System Framework (OSHAD-SF) Code of Practice CoP 37.0 Ladders Version 3.0 July 2016 Table of Contents 1. Introduction... 3 2. Training and Competency... 4 3. Requirements...
Safety and Health Policy and Procedure Manual FALL PROTECTION Section 0160 Table of Contents I. INTRODUCTION II. STANDARDS III. PURPOSE IV. SCOPE V. SCAFFOLDING VI. STAIRWAYS AND LADDERS A. Stairways B.
Ceiling Mounted Folding Attic Ladders Installation Instructions WARNING Before you start installing your new Louisville Ceiling Mounted Folding Attic Ladder, you must read and understand the following:
FRAMEPRO PRODUCTS, LLC Guide for Installation Of STACKER-BRACKET (Fall Protection System) It is easier to accept the responsibility of a safe Work Attitude, than to live with the consequence of a thoughtless
Pump Jack Model # 2200 A low cost, easy to operate, safe, portable scaffolding built of rugged steel. It's perfect for shingling, siding, sheathing, insulating, painting, building, roofing, home repair
Fall Hazards Introduction Fall hazards exist at most construction worksites exposing workers to dangerous work environments on a daily basis. A fall hazard is anything that may cause a person to lose his
OAKHURST COMMUNITY PRIMARY SCHOOL WORKING AT HEIGHT PROCEDURES Policy or procedure reference number: 065 Issue number: 1 Date: 06/11 Review date: 06/12 Responsibility for review: Premises Introduction:
Big Four Construction Hazards: Fall Hazards This material was produced under grant number SH-17792-08-60-F-48 Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily
Slips, Trips and Falls AR 2012 DMME Division of Mineral Mining It Doesn t Take Much Since the beginning of 2008, 14 miners have died from injuries sustained in falls at M/NM mines. Several were wearing
Slips, Trips, and Falls Slips, Trips, and Falls Cause Many Injuries Sometimes Serious Ones Thousands of disabling injuries- and even deaths- occur each year as a result of slips, trips, and falls: From
Safe use of ladders and stepladders A brief guide Ladders and stepladders are not banned under health and safety law. In fact they can be a sensible and practical option for low-risk, shortduration tasks.
Stairways and Ladders: A Guide to OSHA Rules OSHA 3124 2003 (Revised) This informational booklet provides a generic, non-exhaustive overview of a particular topic related to OSHA standards. It does not
1. Introduction In the UK, a third of all reported falls from height involve either ladders or stepladders on average this accounts for 14 deaths and 1200 major injuries to workers each year. Many of these
Environment, Health and Safety Technical Guidance SOP-06 Working at Height Produced by Environment & Safety Office Campus Facilities Department Table of Contents 1 Overview... 1 1.1 Purpose... 1 1.2 Hazards