ECONOMIC MIGRATIONS OF THE POLES. Report by Work Service S.A.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "ECONOMIC MIGRATIONS OF THE POLES. Report by Work Service S.A."

Transcription

1 ECONOMIC MIGRATIONS OF THE POLES Report by Work Service S.A.

2 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 3 THE REPORT IN NUMBERS 4 PREFERRED COUNTRIES OF EMIGRATION 5 THOSE CONSIDERING ECONOMIC EMIGRATION 6 REASONS FOR EMIGRATION 10 BARRIERS TO EMIGRATION 11 INFLUENCE OF GEOPOLITICAL SITUATION 12 SURVEY METHODOLOGY 13

3 Ladies and Gentlemen, we are presenting the results of another edition of the survey on Poles readiness to economic emigration in the next 12 months. Every six months, we are checking the willingness to work outside the borders of our country, analysing the preferred direction of departures and the main reasons leading people to take such a decision. The survey results show that the percentage of those who are considering economic emigration remains at a constant level. Just like last year, every fifth respondent allows for the possibility to leave the country in search of work. Close to 6.4% of the economically active Poles (nearly million vs million in 2014) is definitely planning to emigrate. This is about 250 thousand more people than last year, when the percentage of those determined to leave was 5%. Young people, under 35 years of age, who represent 65% of all persons considering emigration, are still most interested in departure. Emigration seems to be more often contemplated alternative for people in financial difficulties, including those unemployed, low-paid, or with no education. A reference of survey results to the map of Poland further confirms our belief that the higher unemployment in the region, the more frequent the plans for finding work abroad are. This is clear evidence of Poles lack of faith in the possibility of change and finding a good job in our country. Poles still would preferably go to the countries of the European Union. This is probably supported by the ease of taking legal employment there. Among the most preferred directions of emigration are: Great Britain, Germany, Norway and the Netherlands. The number of Polish workers in the UK and Germany for several years has been steadily growing. Despite this, interest in the departures to those countries is maintained at a constant high level. This proves, on the one hand, that the local markets are not saturated with essential workers from abroad, and on the other hand - the positive evaluation of career development prospects for the Poles. Decisive increase in popularity of Norway this year may be due to better and better communication of that country with Poland and access to the broad social benefits at a relatively high income. Due to the difficult geopolitical situation, as well as the continuing conflict behind our eastern border, the Poles begin to consider leaving the country to more stable and secure regions. Our report shows that as many as 1/3 of the respondents allows for the possibility of emigration in the future due to the conflict in Ukraine. I invite you to read the report. Tomasz Hanczarek President Work Service S.A. Management Board

4 THE REPORT IN NUMBERS 1. Every fifth active or potential participant in the Polish labour market is considering economic emigration 2. The profile of potential emigrant: 63% are young people - under 35 years of age 29% are people during education or studying 31% people with secondary education 36% are from the cities up to 100 thousand residents of the eastern, southern and central regions 35% represent rural residents 63% are men 3. The main reason for departure - for 78% of Poles - higher earnings 4. The main emigration barrier - 3/4 of respondents indicated attachment to family and friends 5. Great Britain (27%), Germany (26%), Norway (11%) and the Netherlands (9%) are the most preferred directions of emigration 6. 1/3 of Poles claim that the conflict in Ukraine may in the future affect their decision to emigrate 4

5 PREFERRED COUNTRIES OF EMIGRATION The European Union countries strongly dominated (72%) among the preferred directions of emigration mentioned by the respondents. The most often mentioned ones are: Great Britain (27%), Germany (26%), Norway (11%) and the Netherlands (9%). Strong interest of Poles in emigration to Great Britain and Germany remains unchanged for several years. What is interesting, compared to the previous edition of the survey, the number of indications of Norway as the preferred direction of emigration increased by 5 percentage points. Thus, Norway is the third most popular destination among Poles considering leaving the country this year. This is a particularly attractive destination for residents of the northern Poland. There are already 10 flight connections from Gdansk to the cities in Norway that guarantee faster transport than road connection with quite a few Polish cities. Easy contact with the homeland, as well as a broad social coverage and high wages provide an additional incentive to emigrate. At the same time much less people than last year, is considering leaving to the Netherlands. In 2014, as many as 23% persons indicated the Netherlands as the preferred destination, compared to 9% this year. This change has both market and political basis. Poles thinking of emigrating to the Netherlands are more likely choose Germany now, mainly due to the geographical proximity and the introduction of the minimum wage. Last year appeared in the Netherlands negative opinions on the employment of Polish immigrants who were to take over the employment of local specialists. Therefore, there were propositions to limit the access of Polish people to the Dutch labour market. These messages also reached Poland, which could lead to a decrease of interest in emigration to the Netherlands. To which country you are considering to emigrate for work? GREAT BRITAIN 27% GERMANY 26% NORWAY 11% NETHERLANDS 9% AUSTRIA 4% AUSTRALIA 3% SWEDEN 2% DENMARK 2% CANADA 1% IRELAND 1% ITALY 1% USA 1% FINLAND 1% OTHER 3% 5

6 THOSE CONSIDERING ECONOMIC EMIGRATION Do you consider emigration for work in the next 12 months? 53,6 % DEFINITELY NOT 2,4 % I DON T KNOW /HARD TO SAY 6,4 % DEFINITELY YES 23,3 % RATHER NOT 14,3 % RATHER YES Compared to last year s survey, emigration plans of Poles have not changed. Still, every fifth active or potential participant in the labour market in Poland, is considering seeking work abroad in the next 12 months. The number of people who definitely are considering such a departure has slightly increased (6.4% compared to 5% in 2014.). This means that already 1.25 million economically active Poles is seriously thinking about leaving the country, which represents an increase compared to last year by 250 thousand people. 6

7 THOSE CONSIDERING ECONOMIC EMIGRATION AGE 18 TO 24 YEARS 25 TO 34 YEARS 35 TO 44 YEARS OVER 45 YEARS OVER 60 YEARS 32% 31% 18% 19% 0% 63% 37% EDUCATION PRIMARY VOCATIONAL SECONDARY HIGHER 27% 23% 31% 19% 50% 50% GENDER MAN WOMAN 63% 37% Men more often are considering emigration than women. As many as 63% of respondents thinking of going abroad are persons under 35 years of age. Compared to the previous edition of the survey, this means a decrease of 12 percentage points. In turn, from 26% to 37% increased the percentage of those who are considering emigration at the age of 35+. People with higher education are least likely to think about economic emigration, while those having secondary and basic education think about it most often. 7

8 THOSE CONSIDERING ECONOMIC EMIGRATION Among those considering economic emigration, there are usually the learners (29%) and people employed full-time (25%). What is interesting, only 19% of the unemployed and 11% of self-employed persons considers emigrating for work. Clear determiner influencing the emigration planning is the amount of remuneration. Persons deprived of any personal income accounts for 50% of those considering leaving the country, and 31% are the people working and employed at the minimum wage rate. Poles earning over PLN 3 thousand represent only 8% of people declaring their intention to seek employment outside Poland. People considering emigration often come from rural areas or cities up to 100 thousand residents. As many as 36% are the residents of villages, 36% - of small towns, and 16% - of medium and large cities. Among those who allow the possibility of leaving the country, only 12% are the residents of the metropolis. The regions of Poland where residents are most frequently considering emigration are still central, southern and eastern regions. According to CSO data, in February 2015 the highest number of unemployed was registered in these provinces. NORTH -WESTERN 14% FULL TIME PART-TIME/MANDATE/ORDER SELF-EMPLOYED SOUTH -WESTERN 10% FORMS OF EMPLOYMENT SOUTHERN 11% SOUTHERN 27% CENTRAL 20% EASTERN 18% 25% 15% 11% 51% DOES NOT WORK LEARNING, STUDIES 29% DOES NOT WORK UNEMPLOYED 19% 49% DOES NOT WORK PARENTAL, MATERNITY LEAVE 1% MONTHLY NET INCOME OF RESPONDENT LESS THAN PLN % PLN % PLN 3000 AND MORE 8% REFUSED TO ANSWER 50% 8

9 9

10 REASONS FOR EMIGRATION Please indicate the reasons that primarily lead you to emigration? HIGHER WAGES THAN IN POLAND HIGHER STANDARD OF LIVING LACK OF SUITABLE WORK IN POLAND BETTER PROSPECTS FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT THE OPPORTUNITY TO TRAVEL AND EXPLORE THE WORLD BETTER HEALTH CARE BETTER SOCIAL CONDITIONS FAMILY / RELATIVES LIVING OR INTENDING TO LIVE ABROAD OTHER 78% 44% 37% 37% 35% 29% 19% 9% 1% The most common motivator for Poles to emigrate is primarily the ability to raise the the amount of remuneration. Subsequently the factors associated with the comfort of living and social security are indicated. The most important reason indicated by 78% of respondents is therefore higher wages. For 44% of people raising the standard of living is the motivator to leave the country. 37% declared that lack of suitable work in Poland leads them to emigrate and the same number of respondents indicated a greater career prospects abroad. Poles are also motivated to seek employment abroad by a chance to explore the world and travelling (35%), better health care (29%), and better social conditions (19%). 10

11 BARRIERS TO EMIGRATION Which barriers(predominantly), keep you from going abroad to work? ATTACHMENT TO FAMILY AND FRIEND IN POLAND ATTRACTIVE WORK IN THE COUNTRY LACK OF LANGUAGE SKILLS LACK OF SUFFICIENT FUNDS TO GO ABROAD AND SETTLE DOWN LACK OF RELEVANT QUALIFICATIONS TO WORK ABROAD SMALL CHANCES TO FIND ATTRACTIVE JOB TOO LARGE CULTURAL DIFFERENCES AND THE MENTALITY OF THE PEOPLE ABROAD HEALTH PROBLEMS OTHER I DON T KNOW 74% 33% 28% 15% 13% 13% 12% 11% 6% 2% The biggest barrier for going abroad is attachment to family and friends (74%). Having a good job and lack of knowledge of foreign languages are indicated as another factors. Lack of money to go abroad and settle down is also important, which declares 15% of Poles. Compared to the results from the previous edition of the survey, family factors have become more important - the percentage of indications to attachment to family and friends increased about 7 pp, and also occupational factors - the importance of a good job in the country increased by 3 percentage points. 11

12 INFLUENCE OF GEOPOLITICAL SITUATION Does the conflict in Ukraine effect or will affect your decision to leave to work abroad? 32,0 % FOR NOW IT DOES NOT BUT MAY EFFECT IT IN THE FUTURE 3,5 % IT HAS AN EFFECT ALREADY 2,5 % I DON T KNOW/HARD TO SAY 62,0% HAVE NO EFFECT AND WILL NOT HAVE IT IN THE FUTURE The geopolitical situation on our eastern border may also affect the Polish labour market. The study shows that the conflict in Ukraine may determine the decision to emigrate of 32% of the economically active Poles. Currently, it already effects the decision of 3.5% of respondents. However, the majority of respondents do not base their choice for emigration or stay in Poland on the conflict in Ukraine. This group included both people planning to emigrate, as well as planning to stay in the country. 12

13 SURVEY METHODOLOGY The survey was carried out on a sample of N = 633 persons employed, unemployed, learners and on those maternity and parental leave. The sample was selected from a nationwide representative sample of adult Poles N = 1000 (consistent with the structure of the population in terms of gender, age, education, and class size and province of residence). Retirees, pensioners and home carers were excluded. The results were weighted on the basis of the structure of recruitment variable, acc. to CSO data. The accuracy of the results depends on the number of group under examination and response rates. The maximum measurement error for the entire sample of N=633 is +/-3.96%. The survey was conducted using computer-assisted telephone interviews under CATIBUS project. Data presented in the Economic Migrations of Poles report have been prepared and developed on the order of Work Service S.A. by Millward Brown institute S.A. The survey was conducted in the period

14 MORE INFORMATION : Krzysztof Inglot Representative of Management Board of Work Service S.A. M: E: Andrzej Kubisiak Head of Press Office of Work Service S.A. M: E:

Should We Stay or Should We Go? Polish Emigration Abroad since Key words: Polish emigration, directions, range, reasons, after-effects.

Should We Stay or Should We Go? Polish Emigration Abroad since Key words: Polish emigration, directions, range, reasons, after-effects. Should We Stay or Should We Go? Polish Emigration Abroad since 2004 Wanda Wierzbicka Economic University Krakow, Poland Key words: Polish emigration, directions, range, reasons, after-effects. Abstract:

More information

CONTENTS: bul BULGARIAN LABOUR MIGRATION, DESK RESEARCH, 2015

CONTENTS: bul BULGARIAN LABOUR MIGRATION, DESK RESEARCH, 2015 215 2 CONTENTS: 1. METHODOLOGY... 3 a. Survey characteristics... 3 b. Purpose of the study... 3 c. Methodological notes... 3 2. DESK RESEARCH... 4 A. Bulgarian emigration tendencies and destinations...

More information

International Compendium: Labour Market Theme

International Compendium: Labour Market Theme International Compendium: Labour Market Theme Coverage: International Date: 24 April 2014 Geographical Area: UK Theme: Labour Market Introduction The International Compendium consists of three themes;

More information

The Path Forward. International Women s Day 2012 Global Research Results

The Path Forward. International Women s Day 2012 Global Research Results The Path Forward International Women s Day 2012 Global Research Results Research objectives Accenture conducted its global research study, The Path Forward for release on International Women s Day to gain

More information

POLICIES TO IMPROVE LABOUR MARKET PROSPECTS FOR OLDER WORKERS

POLICIES TO IMPROVE LABOUR MARKET PROSPECTS FOR OLDER WORKERS POLICIES TO IMPROVE LABOUR MARKET PROSPECTS FOR OLDER WORKERS SPAIN (situation beginning of 2012) In 2011, the employment rate for the population aged 50-64 in Spain was 1.1 percentage point higher than

More information

Labour migration from Poland status and challenges. Maciej Duszczyk, Ph.D Office of the Committee for European Integration

Labour migration from Poland status and challenges. Maciej Duszczyk, Ph.D Office of the Committee for European Integration Labour migration from Poland status and challenges Maciej Duszczyk, Ph.D Office of the Committee for European Integration Situation before Accession Office of the Committee for European Integration Fears

More information

International Women's Day PwC Women in Work Index

International Women's Day PwC Women in Work Index www.pwc.co.uk International Women's Day Women in Work Index Women in Work Index UK rises four places to 14 th position within the OECD, returning to its position in 2000. The third annual update of the

More information

Pan-European opinion poll on occupational safety and health

Pan-European opinion poll on occupational safety and health PRESS KIT Pan-European opinion poll on occupational safety and health Results across 36 European countries Press kit Conducted by Ipsos MORI Social Research Institute at the request of the European Agency

More information

6 Social Welfare Payments

6 Social Welfare Payments 6 Social Welfare Payments Indicator 6.1 Indicator 6.2 Unemployment Benefits Compared to Earnings (OECD countries) Unemployment Benefits Compared to Earnings in the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom

More information

Employment of Foreign Workers Male and Female Labour Market Participation

Employment of Foreign Workers Male and Female Labour Market Participation Employment of Foreign Workers Male and Female Labour Market Participation Kamran Khan This article describes the differences in labour market characteristics of migrants compared to the UK born population.

More information

Healthcare Employment Rights 71 a 08 Social Welfare

Healthcare Employment Rights 71 a 08 Social Welfare Employment Healthcare Rights 71 a 08 Social Welfare 08 72 LIVING IN IRELAND Payments are divided into 3 categories: 1. Contributory: Social insurance payments (usually called benefits) are related to social

More information

HR SWOT of Poland. K&K Selekt Human Resources Consulting

HR SWOT of Poland. K&K Selekt Human Resources Consulting HR SWOT of Poland by K&K Selekt Human Resources Consulting Index 1. Statistics and comparative analysis 2. Classification of the labor market in view of education, salaries and unemployment 3. Comparison

More information

State of Working Britain

State of Working Britain State of Working Britain Aim is to Gives an up to date assessment of the performance of UK labour market, to highlight recent important developments seeks to describe and understand the major long-term

More information

Carer s Allowance. May 2009

Carer s Allowance. May 2009 Carer s Allowance May 2009 Important information about this leaflet This leaflet is only a guide and does not cover every circumstance. We have done our best to make sure the leaflet is correct as of May

More information

IMMIGRATION TO AND EMIGRATION FROM GERMANY IN THE LAST FEW YEARS

IMMIGRATION TO AND EMIGRATION FROM GERMANY IN THE LAST FEW YEARS IMMIGRATION TO AND EMIGRATION FROM GERMANY IN THE LAST FEW YEARS Bernd Geiss* Germany, Destination for Migrants Germany is in the middle of Europe and has common borders with nine countries. Therefore,

More information

Country Focus: Migration of Portuguese nationals during the crisis

Country Focus: Migration of Portuguese nationals during the crisis Country Focus: Migration of Portuguese nationals during the crisis João Peixoto, Joana Azevedo and Pedro Candeias ISEG, Universidade de Lisboa and ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Background The

More information

TRAVELLING OUSIDE THE UK (International students)

TRAVELLING OUSIDE THE UK (International students) TRAVELLING OUSIDE THE UK (International students) This information is aimed at international students considering trips abroad during a stay in the UK. It is recommended you start planning any travel in

More information

/2015 STATISTICAL REFLECTIONS

/2015 STATISTICAL REFLECTIONS Labour market trends, 1 st half of 25 /25 STATISTICAL REFLECTIONS 21 October 25 Content 1. Employment outlook...1 1.1 Employed people...1 1.2 Job vacancies...3 1.3 Unemployed and inactive people, labour

More information

OECD THEMATIC FOLLOW-UP REVIEW OF POLICIES TO IMPROVE LABOUR MARKET PROSPECTS FOR OLDER WORKERS. DENMARK (situation mid-2012)

OECD THEMATIC FOLLOW-UP REVIEW OF POLICIES TO IMPROVE LABOUR MARKET PROSPECTS FOR OLDER WORKERS. DENMARK (situation mid-2012) OECD THEMATIC FOLLOW-UP REVIEW OF POLICIES TO IMPROVE LABOUR MARKET PROSPECTS FOR OLDER WORKERS DENMARK (situation mid-2012) MACROBUTTON NUMBERING (SITUATION In 2011, the employment rate for the population

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council United Nations Economic and Social Council Distr.: General 27 February 2014 ECE/CES/2014/43 Original: English Economic Commission for Europe Conference of European Statisticians Sixty-second plenary session

More information

EMN NCP Lithuania International Organization for Migration (IOM) Vilnius office

EMN NCP Lithuania International Organization for Migration (IOM) Vilnius office EMN NCP Lithuania International Organization for Migration (IOM) Vilnius office Crisis and Migration in Lithuania: Expected developments and observed paradoxes Dr. Audra Sipavičienė, International Organization

More information

2. THE ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF EDUCATION

2. THE ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF EDUCATION 2. THE ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF EDUCATION How much more do tertiary graduates earn? How does education affect employment rates? What are the incentives for people to invest in education? What are the incentives

More information

Final Report Pauline Innes & David Feeney

Final Report Pauline Innes & David Feeney Career Paths of AHRC funded PhD Students Final Report Pauline Innes & David Feeney OCTOBER 2012 Contents Executive Summary 3 1.0 Introduction 6 2.0 The Respondents and their PhD Research 8 3.0 Overview

More information

How Does Educational Attainment Affect Participation in the Labour Market?

How Does Educational Attainment Affect Participation in the Labour Market? Indicator How Does Educational Attainment Affect Participation in the Labour Market? In all countries, individuals with a tertiary-level degree have a greater chance of being employed than those without

More information

ANNUAL HOURS WORKED. Belgium:

ANNUAL HOURS WORKED. Belgium: ANNUAL HOURS WORKED The series on annual hours actually worked per person in total employment presented in this table for 34 OECD countries are, in principle, consistent with the series retained for the

More information

Comment on Lena Schröder: From problematic objects to resourceful subjects Eskil Wadensjö * 1. Migration history

Comment on Lena Schröder: From problematic objects to resourceful subjects Eskil Wadensjö * 1. Migration history SWEDISH ECONOMIC POLICY REVIEW 14 (2007) 33-39 Comment on Lena Schröder: From problematic objects to resourceful subjects Eskil Wadensjö * Lena Schröder has written an interesting survey of the Swedish

More information

Elli Heikkilä, Institute of Migration, Finland, and Johanna Leinonen, University of Minnesota, USA Americans in Finland Migration flows between Finland and the USA The immigration from the USA to Finland

More information

The reason for migration and labour market characteristics of UK residents born abroad

The reason for migration and labour market characteristics of UK residents born abroad The reason for migration and labour market characteristics of UK residents born abroad Jacquie Cooper, Stuart Campbell, Dhiren Patel and Jon Simmons September 2014 Occasional Paper 110 The views expressed

More information

The Working Holiday Maker Scheme and the Australian Labour Market A Report of the Department of Employment, Workplace Relations and Small Business

The Working Holiday Maker Scheme and the Australian Labour Market A Report of the Department of Employment, Workplace Relations and Small Business The Working Holiday Maker Scheme and the Australian Labour Market A Report of the Department of Employment, Workplace Relations and Small Business and the Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs

More information

Chile. Czech Republic

Chile. Czech Republic FIVE FAMILY FACTS AUSTRALIA... 2 AUSTRIA... 2 BELGIUM... 3 CANADA... 3 CHILE... 4 CZECH REPUBLIC... 4 DENMARK... 5 ESTONIA... 5 FINLAND... 6 FRANCE... 6 GERMANY... 7 GREECE... 7 HUNGARY... 8 ICELAND...

More information

IMMIGRATION TO CANADA

IMMIGRATION TO CANADA NOTE: IMMIGRATION TO CANADA 1928-1971 RANK COUNTRY OF ORIGIN TOTALS 1 United Kingdom * 1152415 2 United States of America 527346 3 Italy 471940 4 Germany 370641 5 Netherlands 185664 6 Poland 117244 7 Greece

More information

Overview of the UK Population

Overview of the UK Population Overview of the UK Population Coverage: UK Date: 05 November 2015 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Population Introduction This report gives an overview of the UK population. It examines the size and characteristics

More information

CROSS-BORDER ACCESS TO ONLINE CONTENT

CROSS-BORDER ACCESS TO ONLINE CONTENT Flash Eurobarometer CROSS-BORDER ACCESS TO ONLINE CONTENT REPORT Fieldwork: January 2015 Publication: August 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Networks,

More information

ASSOCIATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATIONAL ADVISORS (AREA)

ASSOCIATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATIONAL ADVISORS (AREA) ASSOCIATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATIONAL ADVISORS (AREA) Year of foundation 2007 Member of FELCA (The Federation of Education and Language Consultant Associations) 30 agencies from 11 cities (3 years of experience,

More information

UK immigration policy outside the EU

UK immigration policy outside the EU European Union: MW 371 Summary 1. This paper outlines a possible immigration system in the event of a British exit from the European Union. Some have claimed that a British exit would not affect net migration,

More information

Over 500 a day gained through migration to the UK

Over 500 a day gained through migration to the UK 2 November 2006 Coverage United Kingdom Theme Population and Migration Over 500 a day gained through migration to the UK In 2005, 185,000 more people entered than left the United Kingdom for at least a

More information

Country note China. More than 255 million people in OECD and G20 countries have now attained tertiary education (Table A1.3a).

Country note China. More than 255 million people in OECD and G20 countries have now attained tertiary education (Table A1.3a). Education at a Glance 2011 OECD Indicators DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2011-en OECD 2011 Under embargo until 13 September, at 11:00 Paris time Education at a Glance 2011 Country note China Questions

More information

Social Citizenship Rights and Gender/Family Policies. Walter Korpi Swedish Institute for Social Research

Social Citizenship Rights and Gender/Family Policies. Walter Korpi Swedish Institute for Social Research Social Citizenship Rights and Gender/Family Policies Walter Korpi Swedish Institute for Social Research The Logic of Industrialism Industrialism and Industrial Man. A Study of Labor Problems in Economic

More information

COUNTRY NOTE GERMANY

COUNTRY NOTE GERMANY Education at a Glance 2011 OECD Indicators DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2011-en OECD 2011 Under embargo until 13 September, at 11:00 Paris time COUNTRY NOTE GERMANY Questions can be directed to:

More information

Hungary s labour market indicators continue to improve

Hungary s labour market indicators continue to improve Hungary s labour market indicators continue to improve Employment rate higher again in Hungary According to the latest data, the positive trend regarding growth in the number of people in employment has

More information

Widow s, Widower s or Surviving Civil Partner s Contributory Pension

Widow s, Widower s or Surviving Civil Partner s Contributory Pension Widow s, Widower s or Surviving Civil Partner s Contents 1. What is the Widow s, Widower s or Surviving Civil Partner s? 3 2. How do I qualify? 4 3. What are the PRSI contribution conditions? 5 4. Does

More information

Under embargo until 11 September, at 11:00 am Paris time

Under embargo until 11 September, at 11:00 am Paris time COUNTRY NOTE Education at a Glance:OECD Indicators 2012 Under embargo until 11 September, at 11:00 am Paris time CANADA Questions can be directed to: Andreas Schleicher, Advisor to the Secretary-General

More information

Population Briefing. International student migration. What do the statistics tell us?

Population Briefing. International student migration. What do the statistics tell us? Population Briefing International student migration What do the statistics tell us? January 2016 Population Briefing Student migration - what do the statistics tell us? 1. Introduction 1.1 International

More information

Lithuania Lithuania spent USD per student on primary to tertiary educational institutions, below the OECD average of USD

Lithuania Lithuania spent USD per student on primary to tertiary educational institutions, below the OECD average of USD Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators is the authoritative source for information on the state of education around the world. It provides data on the structure, finances and performance of education systems

More information

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. 1 Preface. 2 Tourism in the Baltic Sea. 4 Possibilities and challenges

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. 1 Preface. 2 Tourism in the Baltic Sea. 4 Possibilities and challenges di analysis Tourism in the Baltic Sea Region EXECUTIVE SUMMARY > > This booklet gives you an overview of possibilities and challenges in the tourism industry in the Baltic Sea region. > > The first part

More information

WORKSHOP ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND LABOUR MARKET TOKYO, 16 MARCH 2007 I. LEGAL MEASURES ON FOREIGN WORKERS IN FRANCE

WORKSHOP ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND LABOUR MARKET TOKYO, 16 MARCH 2007 I. LEGAL MEASURES ON FOREIGN WORKERS IN FRANCE WORKSHOP ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND LABOUR MARKET TOKYO, 16 MARCH 2007 I. LEGAL MEASURES ON FOREIGN WORKERS IN FRANCE Legal measures in France relating to foreign workers are set out in an Act which

More information

CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES GUIDANCE ON CHECKING ELIGIBILITY

CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES GUIDANCE ON CHECKING ELIGIBILITY CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES GUIDANCE ON CHECKING ELIGIBILITY Employment Practice Division Civil Service Capability Group Cabinet Office November 2007 1 CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES GUIDANCE ON CHECKING

More information

Table 1 Components of the annual population change,

Table 1 Components of the annual population change, An Phríomh-Oifig Staidrimh Central Statistics Office 27 September 202 Components of population change Immigration Emigration Net migration Natural increase 50 00 50 0-50 Population and Migration Estimates

More information

THE CONCEPT OF THE INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION STATISTICS SYSTEM IN POLAND

THE CONCEPT OF THE INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION STATISTICS SYSTEM IN POLAND THE CONCEPT OF THE INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION STATISTICS SYSTEM IN POLAND The hitherto work on an improvement of international migration statistics has led to the development of a new system of migration

More information

Norwegian Foreign Visitor Survey 2011

Norwegian Foreign Visitor Survey 2011 Summary: Norwegian Foreign Visitor Survey 2011 TØI Report 1166/2011 Author(s): Eivind Farstad, Arne Rideng and Iratxe Landa Mata Oslo 2011, 67 pages Norwegian language In 2011 a total of 5.0 million foreign

More information

Civil service pension schemes. Options for reform

Civil service pension schemes. Options for reform Civil service pension schemes Options for reform World Bank Core Course on Pensions Washington, DC, March, 2014 Agenda Institutional arrangements for public-sector workers pensions Demographic pressures

More information

Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries: Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality i

Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries: Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality i Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries: Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality i Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries: Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality 1 Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries:

More information

A Brief History of Immigration in Wisconsin

A Brief History of Immigration in Wisconsin A Brief History of Immigration in Wisconsin Presented to Western Wisconsin Rural Immigration Summit September 25, 2007 David Long & Dan Veroff e-mail: ddlong@wisc.edu Applied Population Lab University

More information

Measuring the age of retirement

Measuring the age of retirement Measuring the age of retirement Chart Retirees are younger than ever. Median age 66 65 64 63 62 61 Women Men 60 1976 1980 1985 1990 1995 Both sexes Table 1 Distribution of ages at retirement 1976-1980

More information

INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS OF PART-TIME WORK

INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS OF PART-TIME WORK OECD Economic Studies No. 29, 1997/II INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS OF PART-TIME WORK Georges Lemaitre, Pascal Marianna and Alois van Bastelaer TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction... 140 International definitions

More information

NERI Quarterly Economic Facts Summer 2012. 4 Distribution of Income and Wealth

NERI Quarterly Economic Facts Summer 2012. 4 Distribution of Income and Wealth 4 Distribution of Income and Wealth 53 54 Indicator 4.1 Income per capita in the EU Indicator defined National income (GDP) in per capita (per head of population) terms expressed in Euro and adjusted for

More information

Australia s ICT Recruitment Sector Employment Market Update Q4, Beacham Group Summary

Australia s ICT Recruitment Sector Employment Market Update Q4, Beacham Group Summary Australia s ICT Sector Employment Market Update Q4, 2015 Beacham Group Summary State New Zealand Partners Beacham It is recommended this presentation should be read in conjunction with the ITCRA ICT Employment

More information

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 29.5.2015 COM(2015) 233 final REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL on the Functioning of the Transitional Arrangements on Free Movement of Workers from Croatia (First

More information

Carer s Allowance and Carer s Credit

Carer s Allowance and Carer s Credit Carer s Allowance and Carer s Credit Benefit and support you may get if you are caring for someone 2 Introduction This leaflet: explains what Carer s Allowance and Carer s Credit are asks some questions

More information

CSI 24: How do Europeans differ in their attitudes to immigration?

CSI 24: How do Europeans differ in their attitudes to immigration? Summary CSI 24: How do Europeans differ in their attitudes to immigration? Overall, from our sample of 21 European countries, Sweden has the most positive attitudes to immigration and the Czech Republic

More information

The Structure of the Labour Market. Vani K Borooah University of Ulster

The Structure of the Labour Market. Vani K Borooah University of Ulster The Structure of the Labour Market Vani K Borooah University of Ulster Readings Vani K Borooah, Globalisation, Barriers to Employment and Social Exclusion, Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, vol.

More information

INFORMATION SESSION ON THE PART TIME REGULATIONS. ORGANISED BY THE MALTA EMPLOYERS ASSOCIATION 5 th October 2007

INFORMATION SESSION ON THE PART TIME REGULATIONS. ORGANISED BY THE MALTA EMPLOYERS ASSOCIATION 5 th October 2007 INFORMATION SESSION ON THE PART TIME REGULATIONS ORGANISED BY THE MALTA EMPLOYERS ASSOCIATION 5 th October 2007 The EU Directive 97/81EC regulating part time employment was adopted by Council on the 15

More information

LESSON FOCUS: Immigration into the UK

LESSON FOCUS: Immigration into the UK LESSON FOCUS: Immigration into the UK Key stage KS3 (Year 9) Key concepts 1.3c Key processes Range and content Curriculum opportunities 2.2a, 2.2b, 2.2c, 2.2d 3j 4a, 4b, 4c PLTS: Reflective learners, team

More information

Nearly 700 Million Worldwide Desire to Migrate Permanently U.S. tops desired destination countries. by Neli Esipova and Julie Ray

Nearly 700 Million Worldwide Desire to Migrate Permanently U.S. tops desired destination countries. by Neli Esipova and Julie Ray Nearly 700 Million Worldwide Desire to Migrate Permanently U.S. tops desired destination countries by Neli Esipova and Julie Ray Every day, migrants leave their homelands behind for new lives in other

More information

2014 post-election survey EUROPEAN ELECTIONS 2014

2014 post-election survey EUROPEAN ELECTIONS 2014 Directorate-General for Communication PUBLIC OPINION MONITORING UNIT Brussels, October 2014. 2014 post-election survey EUROPEAN ELECTIONS 2014 ANALYTICAL OVERVIEW Coverage: Population: Methodology: Fieldwork:

More information

For more information on the 292 occupational grouping used in COPS, please visit: cops/l.3bd.2t.

For more information on the 292 occupational grouping used in COPS, please visit:  cops/l.3bd.2t. 1 For more information on the 292 occupational grouping used in COPS, please visit: http://occupations.esdc.gc.ca/sppc cops/l.3bd.2t.1ilshtml@ eng.jsp?lid=59&fid=1&lang=en 2 Job seekers are individuals

More information

TRANSITION FROM EDUCATION TO WORK an ETF Innovation and Learning Project. Stimulating Youth Employment in the MENA Region WB Seminar December 5, 2007

TRANSITION FROM EDUCATION TO WORK an ETF Innovation and Learning Project. Stimulating Youth Employment in the MENA Region WB Seminar December 5, 2007 TRANSITION FROM EDUCATION TO WORK an ETF Innovation and Learning Project Stimulating Youth Employment in the MENA Region WB Seminar December 5, 2007 1 Why should policy makers care about youth labour market

More information

work Women looking for Discussions of the disadvantage faced by women

work Women looking for Discussions of the disadvantage faced by women by Ghazala Azmat, Maia Güell and Alan Manning Women looking for work Female unemployment rates differ widely from county to country. Ghazala Azmat, Maia Güell and Alan Manning look for the reasons that

More information

Branding the Government As An Employer of Choice

Branding the Government As An Employer of Choice Branding the Government As An Employer of Choice By Neil Reichenberg, IPMA-HR Executive Director If governments are both to compete successfully for talented applicants and retain high performing employees,

More information

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada: Federal Update British Columbia Council for International Education Victoria, British Columbia June 20,

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada: Federal Update British Columbia Council for International Education Victoria, British Columbia June 20, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada: Federal Update British Columbia Council for International Education Victoria, British Columbia June 20, 2016 Objectives of Today s Presentation Provide an

More information

relating to household s disposable income. A Gini Coefficient of zero indicates

relating to household s disposable income. A Gini Coefficient of zero indicates Gini Coefficient The Gini Coefficient is a measure of income inequality which is based on data relating to household s disposable income. A Gini Coefficient of zero indicates perfect income equality, whereas

More information

Research Briefing. The Best and the Brightest EU students at UK universities and as highly skilled graduate workers in the UK

Research Briefing. The Best and the Brightest EU students at UK universities and as highly skilled graduate workers in the UK Research Briefing The Best and the Brightest EU students at UK universities and as highly skilled graduate workers in the UK Academic performance and labour market outcomes of EU domiciled students in

More information

R E P O R T ON SAMPLE SURVEY ON EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL MIGRATION IN RA

R E P O R T ON SAMPLE SURVEY ON EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL MIGRATION IN RA R E P O R T ON SAMPLE SURVEY ON EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL MIGRATION IN RA Project Name: Sample Survey on External and Internal Migration in RA Implementation Period: June-November 2007 Place of Implementation:

More information

CEP POLICY ANALYSIS. Immigration, the European Union and the UK Labour Market

CEP POLICY ANALYSIS. Immigration, the European Union and the UK Labour Market CEP POLICY ANALYSIS Immigration, the European Union and the UK Labour Market There are now over six million working age adults in the UK who were born abroad. This proportion doubled between 1995 and late

More information

Employee eligibility to work in the UK

Employee eligibility to work in the UK Employee eligibility to work in the UK This document details legal requirements that apply to ALL new members of staff All employers in the UK are legally bound to comply with the Asylum and Immigration

More information

Au pair in the Netherlands

Au pair in the Netherlands Au pair in the Netherlands 3 Mission IND Migration poses ever-changing and complex problems for our society. The Immigration and Naturalization Service (IND) is responsible within this dynamic situation

More information

Participation in adult education and training

Participation in adult education and training Participation in adult education and training Nordic PIAAC Conference Copenhagen 21-22 May 2015 Antero Malin Finnish Institute for Educational Research https://ktl.jyu.fi/en 09-06-2015 1 Outline 1. Types

More information

PORTABILITY OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND HEALTH CARE BENEFITS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

PORTABILITY OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND HEALTH CARE BENEFITS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM PORTABILITY OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND HEALTH CARE BENEFITS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM Johanna Avato Human Development Network Social Protection and Labor The World Bank Background study March 2008 The UK Social

More information

34/2015 STATISTICAL REFLECTIONS

34/2015 STATISTICAL REFLECTIONS World Population Day, 11 July 215 34/215 STATISTICAL REFLECTIONS 16 July 215 Contents The world s population...1 Past features of population growth...1 Fertility...2 Mortality, life expectancy...2 International

More information

Introduction to the HORECA Sector

Introduction to the HORECA Sector 21 Introduction The hotel, restaurant and catering sector (HORECA) is an important service sector in the European economy and has grown strongly in recent years. It is defined by section H of the European

More information

Continuity and discontinuity in Employment policy for young workers after the crisis: The Greek case

Continuity and discontinuity in Employment policy for young workers after the crisis: The Greek case Continuity and discontinuity in Employment policy for young workers after the crisis: The Greek case by Anda Stamati, Scientific Consultant, Labour Institute of Greek General Confederation of Labour (INE/GSEE)

More information

Finns' travel to Central Europe increased in 2013

Finns' travel to Central Europe increased in 2013 Transport and Tourism 2014 Finnish Travel 2013 Finns' travel to Central Europe increased in 2013 According to Statistics Finland's survey, Finns made 7.8 million different leisure trips abroad in 2013.

More information

SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE IN JAPAN

SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE IN JAPAN SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE IN JAPAN Naohiro Yashiro* Declining population as well as population aging has substantial impacts on the economy and on the society. By contrast, the size of

More information

HUMAN TRAFFICKING SURVEY: UKRAINE

HUMAN TRAFFICKING SURVEY: UKRAINE 1 HUMAN TRAFFICKING SURVEY: UKRAINE Prepared by GfK Ukraine for the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Mission in Ukraine Project manager: Inna Volosevych, Head of Social and Political Research

More information

COOK ISLANDS COUNTRY STATEMENT

COOK ISLANDS COUNTRY STATEMENT HIGH LEVEL MEETING 2 ON SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION ON CHILD RIGHTS IN ASIA AND PACIFIC NEW DELHI, INDIA, 23-25 OCTOBER 2013 COOK ISLANDS COUNTRY STATEMENT TOPIC 1: ADOLESCENTS, YOUTH AND MIGRATION Presented

More information

Mike Stein Emeritus Professor

Mike Stein Emeritus Professor Mike Stein Emeritus Professor What I am going to talk about A journey young people s journey from care to adulthood in different countries To illustrate how young people experience this journey in different

More information

How Many Students Finish Tertiary Education?

How Many Students Finish Tertiary Education? Indicator How Many Students Finish Tertiary Education? Based on current patterns of graduation, it is estimated that an average of 46% of today s women and 31% of today s men in OECD countries will complete

More information

Expedia.com 2008 International Vacation Deprivation Survey Results

Expedia.com 2008 International Vacation Deprivation Survey Results Expedia.com 2008 International Vacation Deprivation Survey Results History: This is the eighth year of the annual Expedia.com Vacation Deprivation survey which spotlights the growing trend of employed

More information

2011 National Household Survey: Labour Force, Education, Place of Work, Commuting and Mobility

2011 National Household Survey: Labour Force, Education, Place of Work, Commuting and Mobility June 26, 2013 2011 National Household Survey: Labour Force, Education, Place of Work, Commuting and Mobility On June 26, 2013, Statistics Canada released its second set of data from the 2011 National Household

More information

EU E X P O R T S T O T H E W O R L D :

EU E X P O R T S T O T H E W O R L D : EU E X P O R T S T O T H E W O R L D : EFFECTS ON EMPLOYMENT AND INCOME KEY FINDINGS THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION'S JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE Institute for Prospective Technological Studies; and THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION

More information

IB1 from April 2005. A guide to. Incapacity Benefit Information for new customers

IB1 from April 2005. A guide to. Incapacity Benefit Information for new customers IB1 from April 2005 A guide to Incapacity Benefit Information for new customers Contents Contents Terminology 5 About this guide 8 This guide and the law 8 Great Britain and the United Kingdom 8 Introduction

More information

Prospects for the Construction Industry. Oebele Vries

Prospects for the Construction Industry. Oebele Vries Prospects for the Construction Industry Oebele Vries Economic framework Credit crisis: deep global recession Strongly decreasing investment demand Lack of commercial credit possiblities Bottom has been

More information

in business and in decision-making A SURVEY on women entrepreneurs

in business and in decision-making A SURVEY on women entrepreneurs in business and in decision-making A SURVEY on women entrepreneurs Table of contents 3 4 4 5 12 12 13 14 16 17 0 INTRODUCTION 0 ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS Type of Enterprises Profile of the business woman

More information

EUROPEAN. Geographic Trend Report for GMAT Examinees

EUROPEAN. Geographic Trend Report for GMAT Examinees 2011 EUROPEAN Geographic Trend Report for GMAT Examinees EUROPEAN Geographic Trend Report for GMAT Examinees The European Geographic Trend Report for GMAT Examinees identifies mobility trends among GMAT

More information

LATVIA S PENSION SYSTEM: CURRENT SITUATION AND FUTURE PROSPECTS. Monika Queisser Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD

LATVIA S PENSION SYSTEM: CURRENT SITUATION AND FUTURE PROSPECTS. Monika Queisser Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD LATVIA S PENSION SYSTEM: CURRENT SITUATION AND FUTURE PROSPECTS Monika Queisser Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD Demographic challenges Major demographic trends in Latvia Declining

More information

WICARE - Surveying wages and working conditions in the Social Services

WICARE - Surveying wages and working conditions in the Social Services WICARE - Surveying wages and working conditions in the Social Services Social Services Workshop, EPSU Brussels, Belgium 17 December 2013 Kea Tijdens and Maarten van Klaveren (AIAS-UVA) Introduction Why

More information

DSF POLICY BRIEFS No. 34/ September 2014

DSF POLICY BRIEFS No. 34/ September 2014 DSF POLICY BRIEFS No. 34/ September 2014 New Evidence on the Home Bias in European Investment Dirk Schoenmaker, Duisenberg school of finance Chiel Soeter, Duisenberg school of finance Abstract The introduction

More information

OECD/WHO proposed framework for a regular monitoring of trends in the international migration of health personnel

OECD/WHO proposed framework for a regular monitoring of trends in the international migration of health personnel OECD/WHO proposed framework for a regular monitoring of trends in the international migration of health personnel Jean-Christophe Dumont OCDE, Paris Pascal Zurn WHO, Geneva OECD-WHO Technical Workshop:

More information

Jobseeker s Allowance

Jobseeker s Allowance Jobseeker s Allowance Help while you look for work Contents 3 About Jobseeker s Allowance 4 Who can get Jobseeker s Allowance? 8 What things might affect your benefit 10 Being excused from the benefit

More information

PwC Golden Age Index How well are OECD economies adapting to an older workforce? June 2015

PwC Golden Age Index How well are OECD economies adapting to an older workforce? June 2015 How well are OECD economies adapting to an older workforce? Visit our blog for periodic updates at: pwc.blogs.com/economics_in_business Contents 1. Executive summary Page 3 2. Key results Page 7 3. Potential

More information