2 2 Contents: Grammar of phrasal verbs 2 Deal with 3 Come across 5 Get on with 7 Look after 9 Pick up 11 Review 1 13 Put on 14 Take off 16 Look into 18 Turn down 20 Look forward to 22 Review 2 23 Answers 24
3 3 The Grammar Of Phrasal verbs: There are four different types of phrasal verb: TYPE 1: intransitive: these verbs do not have a direct object: e.g. take off the plane took off. TYPE 2: transitive and separable: these verbs need a direct object, and the preposition can be separated from the main verb if the object is a noun it can go before or after the preposition if the object is a pronoun, it must go before the preposition e.g. tell off the teacher told off the student, or - the teacher told the student off, or - the teacher told her off, but NOT - the teacher told off her TYPE 3: transitive and inseparable: these verbs need a direct object, but the preposition cannot be separated from the main verb e.g. look after I look after my nephew, or I look after him but NOT I look my nephew after, and NOT I look him after TYPE 4: verbs with two prepositions: these are also transitive and inseparable e.g. run out of we have run out of milk, or we have run out of it, but NOT we have run out it of If phrasal verbs are followed by a verb, it is always a gerund (verb ing). This is true even if the preposition is to. For example: I am looking forward to seeing you.
4 4 Deal with (deal is an irregular verb: deal, dealt, dealt) Julie: Look at all this mess in the kitchen! John: Don t worry I ll deal with it as soon as I ve finished my lunch. Here are some more examples: I ll deal with the washing-up later. Could you deal with this report now? After I d dealt with the bathroom, I started cleaning the living room. Julie s dealing with the problem now. I ll deal with the children s dinner later I think I ll give them pasta. What does deal with mean? 1) take the necessary action 2) clean or tidy a room We mostly use deal with when there is a problem that needs to be resolved, or something we need to do. When we use deal with (for example, I ll deal with the kitchen) we think the person we are talking to will understand that we mean clean, perhaps because he or she has seen the dirty kitchen. If the meaning is not clear, either because the person doesn t know the situation, or because the thing we need to do is not obvious, then we use another verb. Deal with is a type 3 phrasal verb. Are these sentences correct? I ll deal with the paperwork tomorrow. I ll deal it with tomorrow. I ll deal with it tomorrow. I ll deal the paperwork with tomorrow. I ll deal with.
5 5 Make sentences using deal with : I need to. The shop assistant should politely. I ve already. Other meanings: The shop assistant is dealing with a customer now. Julie often deals with difficult clients. deal with = talk to / discuss with someone This book deals with the relationship between sisters. The film deals with the horrors of war. deal with = be about / talk about
6 6 Come across (come is an irregular verb: come, came, come) Julie: Hi John, how are you? John: Great! I just came across 40 in my winter coat! Julie: Fantastic coffee s on you! Here are some more examples: I came across some money in the street. She came across some old photographs when she was cleaning the attic. We came across the perfect present for Li while we were shopping. He came across a lovely café in Cambridge. What does come across mean? 1) Find something you were looking for. 2) Find something you weren t looking for. Come across is used when you aren t looking for something, but you find it while you are doing something else. Come across isn t generally used for people, instead we use run into. Come across is a type three phrasal verb. Are these sentences correct? I came across the photos. I came them across. I came the photos across. I came across. I came across them.
7 7 Make sentences using come across (use the past simple): Lucy yesterday. I in a shoebox. I in the bathroom. Come across - Other meanings: John comes across as a bit boring, but he s lovely when you get to know him. Lucy came across really well during the interview. come across = give an impression (of your character) (this meaning is type 1, notice we need as if we want to add more details except when we use well or badly ) The artist s love for his wife really comes across in this portrait of her. He says he feels passionately about the subject, but that passion doesn t come across in his writing. come across = be easily noticed / be clear (when we are talking about an idea expressed in writing / art / film / poetry) (this meaning is type 1 notice the in when we add the types of art / poetry etc)
8 8 Get on (with) (get is an irregular verb: get, got, got) Julie: I really need a new job! This one is so boring, and although I get on with my colleagues, I don t get on very well with my boss. John: Why don t you two get on? Julie: He isn t very polite, and he doesn t consider other people s opinions. Here are some more examples: I get on really well with my sisters. She doesn t get on with her mother-in-law. We get on very well, even though we don t see each other very often. He and his sister don t get on. What does get on (with) mean? 1) Have a friendly relationship with someone. 2) Spend a lot of time with someone. Get on (with) is both a type one and a type four phrasal verb. When it doesn t have an object, we don t need with in this case it is type 1. In this case, the two (or more) people who have a good relationship are the subject of the verb: Julie and John get on. If we want an object (if we want to put one of the people after the verb) we need with. In this case, this phrasal verb is type four: I get on well with Lucy. We can use well very well really well with get on and get on with. They go after on, or after the object: We get on very well. I get on really well with Julie. He gets on with his boss very well. Which sentences are correct? I get on well with my mother-in-law. I don t get on with. She doesn t get on her brother with. We don t get on. I get on really well.
9 9 Make sentences using get on with : I. I. I.
10 10 Look after Julie: Could you look after my suitcase for a second? I just need to buy a bottle of water. Li: Sure, no problem. Here are some more examples: My mother looks after my cat when I m on holiday. I look after my daughter in the mornings, and she goes to nursery school in the afternoon. Would you look after this client, please John? You need to look after your plants if you want them to live! What does look after mean? 1) to be responsible for, take care of. 2) to carry Look after is a type 3 phrasal verb. Which sentences are correct? I look after my nephew. I look after him. I look him after. I look after. I look my nephew after. Make sentences with look after : Would you mind this weekend?
11 11 Could you for a minute? The babysitter is this evening.
12 12 Pick up Julie: Hello? Is that Lucy? Lucy: Hi Julie, where are you? Julie: I m still on the train. We should arrive in about half an hour. Lucy: No problem. I ll come and pick you up at the station. Here are some more examples: I ll pick you up at 8pm at your house, and we can go to the party together. David is picking up his friend at the airport he should be back soon. My mother used to pick me up after school. Could you pick up my scarf on your way home? I left it at Julie s flat. John: How did you get home from the airport? Jill: My sister picked us up. What does pick up mean? 1) collect / go somewhere to get someone or something 2) drive someone somewhere in your car Pick up is a type 2 verb. Which are correct? I picked up Julie. I picked up her. I picked up. I picked her up. I picked Julie up. Make sentences using pick up : I m going to from the airport at 3.
13 13 Will you from the station later? I need to go into town to this afternoon. Other meanings: Pick up has a lot of meanings here are two more. Could you pick up the baby please she s crying and wants a cuddle. I can t pick this suitcase up it s too heavy. pick up = lift, raise up using your hands He picked up a lot of German when he lived in Berlin. Don t worry if you don t know how to use the computer very well you ll soon pick it up. pick up = learn informally, without really studying, but by using the language / computer etc.
14 14 Review 1 Match the verbs and their meanings: pick up come across deal with look after get on with find by chance have a good relationship with collect take care of / be responsible for do whatever is necessary Put in the correct phrasal verb (you might have to change the form of the verb): I m going to the airport to Julie. Would you mind my bike for a moment while I run to the shop? I ll the kitchen later, after I get home from work. I know it s very untidy. John some photos of his grandparents in the loft yesterday. I very well all my family we are very close.
15 15 Put on (put is an irregular verb: put, put, put) Mum: Put your coat on! We re going out. Child: Aww, Mum, I don t want to wear my coat it s too hot. Mum: Well, at least put on a jumper. Here are some more examples: Put on some gloves it s really cold outside. I get up, take a shower, put my clothes on and go to work. He always puts on sunscreen before going outside. Put your shoes on - we re leaving. My mother puts on make up before going out. What does put on mean? 1) removing clothes or cosmetics 2) the action of covering your body with clothes / cosmetics etc. Put on is type 2 phrasal verb: Which are correct? I put on my shoes. I put my shoes on. I put on. I put them on. I put on them.
16 16 Make sentences using put on : Don t forget to - it s snowing. You should really. The sun is very hot and your shoulders are a bit pink. I after my shower in the morning. Other meanings: Put on the TV, the news is about to start and I d like to watch it. Could I put some music on? When I put on the lights, I woke up the children. put on = turn on / press play or the on switch for something electrical (see also turn on ).
17 17 Take off (take is an irregular verb: take, took taken) John: Do you mind if I take off my shoes? Jill: Of course not, make yourself comfortable. Here are some more examples: Come inside and take your coat off. You should take off your shoes before entering a house in Japan. I take off my makeup before going to bed. What does take off mean? 1) Clean a piece of clothing / accessory etc. 2) Remove a piece of clothing / accessories / make up. Take off is a type 2 phrasal verb. Choose the correct sentence(s). I take off my coat. I take it off. I take off. I take off it. I take my coat off.
18 18 Make sentences using take off : Please inside the house. Don t you want to? It s very hot in here. I often forget to before I go to bed. Other meanings: Lucy: What time does the plane take off? Keiko: I think it s about 8:15, but of course, we need to arrive at the airport at least an hour and a half before that. I think we should leave the house at about 5:30. Lucy: As early as that! Oh no! Here are some more examples: The plane was supposed to take off at 9pm but in fact we left 2 hours late. The President s helicopter took off from London at 5:15. The hot air balloon took off and the crowd cheered. Take off = leave the ground. Take off (with this meaning) is a type 1 phrasal verb:
19 19 Look into Newsreader: Seven diamonds have been stolen from the house of Mr. Black the banker. A man was seen running away from the house at 3am this morning. The police are looking into the crime and hope to have more information soon. Here are some more examples: Julie wants to go to Brighton for the day, but I m not sure how to get there - I ll look into it tonight. The management are looking into creating a new department. John wants to take a course in French, so he s looking into the classes that are available near his house. They looked into getting a nanny, but it was so expensive they decided not to. What does look into mean? 1) Try to find a criminal. 2) Investigate / check all the facts about something. Look into is a type 3 verb: Which are correct? I ll look into the problem. I ll look it into. I ll look into it. I ll look the problem into. I ll look into.
20 20 Make sentences using look into : We need to for our weekend in Paris. The police are. I really hope they ll find my bag. I must this year my old one is always having problems.
21 21 Turn down David: Would you mind turning the music down? I m trying to study. Julie: Oh, I m so sorry. I ll turn it down immediately. Some more examples: I turned the TV down, but my flatmate could still hear it in his room. They should turn down the music it s very late. I tried to turn down the radio, but the volume was broken. Turn it down please! I m trying to sleep! What does turn down mean? 1) To make the sound louder. 2) To make the sound quieter. Turn down is a type 2 phrasal verb. Which sentences are correct? I turned the music down. I turned down the music. I turned it down. I turned down it. I turned down. Make sentences with turn down. Please - it s very loud.
22 22 Perhaps you should - everyone on the bus can hear your music. Don t, I m listening to the news. Other meanings: The boss offered me the job, but I turned it down. John asked Julie out on a date, but she turned him down. I can t believe you turned down a promotion! Turn down = refuse an offer. In this case it is also a type 2 phrasal verb. Similar words: As well as turn down, we also use turn up = make the sound louder, turn on = press the on button / start, and turn off = press the off button / stop. All these phrasal verbs are also type 2. For example: Please turn the TV up I can t hear it. She turned on the lights, as it was getting dark. Don t forget to turn off the iron when you have finished!
23 23 Look forward to Lucy: I can t wait for my holiday! I m really looking forward to it. This time next week I ll be on the beach! Julie: How long are you staying? Lucy: Three weeks of sun and sea! Here are some more examples: I m really looking forward to the end of exams. John was looking forward to the concert, but in fact it wasn t as good as he d hoped. We re looking forward to seeing you next week. I m very much looking forward to the weekend. What does look forward to mean? 1) to be excited and happy about something that will happen in the future. 2) to have a plan to do something. Look forward to is a type 4 phrasal verb. Like all other phrasal verbs, it is followed by the gerund (verb-ing) if you want to use a verb as the object. Which sentences are correct? I m looking forward to my holiday. I m looking forward my holiday to. I m looking forward to it. I m looking forward to going. I m looking forward to go. I m looking forward to. Other meanings: We often use look forward to at the ends of letters or s. In this case it s just polite rather than really meaning that you are excited. For example, at the end of a formal letter (an application for example) we might say: I look forward to hearing from you soon.
24 24 Review 2 Match the phrasal verbs and their meanings: put on take off look into turn down look forward to make the sound quieter cover your body with clothes etc be excited about something in the future remove clothes etc investigate / look at all the facts about something Put in the correct phrasal verb (you might need to change the form): You should a coat it s really cold outside. Please, please the music. I want to make a phone call. I m really tonight we re going out for dinner and to the theatre - it should be fun. Please your hat inside the house. I want to go on holiday to Turkey, but I don t know anything about it I m planning to it this weekend.
25 25 Answers: 1. Deal with means: 1) take the necessary action I ll deal with the paperwork tomorrow. I ll deal it with tomorrow. I ll deal with it tomorrow. I ll deal the paperwork with tomorrow. I ll deal with. I need to deal with this paperwork. The shop assistant should deal with customers politely. I ve already dealt with everything. 2. Come across means: 2) Find something you weren t looking for. I came across the photos. I came them across. I came the photos across. I came across. I came across them. Lucy came across some old school books yesterday. I came across my old love letters in a shoebox. I came across Julie s glasses in the bathroom. 3. Get on with means: 1) Have a friendly relationship with someone. I get on well with my mother-in-law. I don t get on with. She doesn t get on her brother with. We don t get on. I get on really well. I get on really well with my sister. I get on well with my colleague. I don t get on well with my brother.
26 26 4. Look after means: 1) to be responsible for, take care of. I look after my nephew. I look after him. I look him after. I look after. I look my nephew after. Would you mind looking after my cat this weekend? Could you look after my handbag for a minute? The babysitter is looking after Luke this evening. 5. Pick up means: 1) collect / go somewhere to get someone or something I picked up Julie. I picked up her. I picked up. I picked her up. I picked Julie up. I m going to pick up Li from the airport at 3 / I m going to pick Li up from the airport at 3. Will you pick up Saeed from the station later? / Will you pick Saeed up from the station later? I need to go into town to pick up my medicine this afternoon / I need to go into town to pick my medicine up this afternoon. Review 1: pick up = collect come across = find by chance deal with = do whatever is necessary look after = take care of / be responsible for get on with = have a good relationship with I m going to the airport to pick up Julie. Would you mind looking after my bike for a moment while I run to the shop? I ll deal with the kitchen later, after I get home from work. I know it s very untidy. John came across some photos of his grandparents in the loft yesterday. I get on very well with all my family we are very close.
27 27 6. Put on means: 2) The action of covering your body with clothes / cosmetics etc. I put on my shoes. I put my shoes on. I put on. I put them on. I put on them. Don t forget to put your scarf on - it s snowing / Don t forget to put on your scarf - it s snowing You should really put on some sunscreen / You should really put some sunscreen on. I put on my watch after my shower in the morning / I put my watch on after my shower in the morning. 7. Take off means: 2) Remove a piece of clothing / accessories / make up. I take off my coat. I take it off. I take off. I take off it. I take my coat off. Please take off your hat inside the house / Please take your hat off inside the house. Don t you want to take off your scarf? / Don t you want to take your scarf off? I often forget to take off my earrings before I go to bed / I often forget to take my earrings off before I go to bed. 8. Look into means: 2) Investigate / check all the facts about something. I ll look into the problem. I ll look it into. I ll look into it. I ll look the problem into. I ll look into. We need to look into transport for our weekend in Paris. The police are looking into the theft. I really hope they ll find my bag. I must look into buying a new car this year my old one is always having problems.
28 28 9. Turn down means: 2) to make the sound quieter. I turned the music down. I turned down the music. I turned it down. I turned down it. I turned down. Please turn down the TV - it s very loud / Please turn the TV down- it s very loud. Perhaps you should turn down your ipod / Perhaps you should turn your ipod down. Don t turn down the radio / Don t turn the radio down. 10. Look forward to means: 1) to be excited and happy about something that will happen in the future. I m looking forward to my holiday. I m looking forward my holiday to. I m looking forward to it. I m looking forward to going. I m looking forward to go. I m looking forward to. Review 2 put on = cover your body with clothes etc take off = remove clothes etc look into = investigate / look at all the facts about something turn down = make the sound quieter look forward to = be excited about something in the future You should put on a coat it s really cold outside. Please, please turn down the music. I want to make a phone call. I m really looking forward to tonight we re going out for dinner and to the theatre - it should be fun. Please take off your hat inside the house. I want to go on holiday to Turkey, but I don t know anything about it I m planning to look into it this weekend.
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Cambridge Key English Test 1 Examination papers from University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations: English for Speakers of Other Languages PUBLISHED BY THE PRESS SYNDICATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE The
Step Three B1.2 READING & TRAINING Robert Louis Stevenson The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde audio CD PART TWO The Search for Mr Hyde Mr Utterson was unhappy after his walk with Richard Enfield.
Getting Ready for Court T A B L E O F C O NTENTS BEFORE COURT Why am I going to court?------------------------ 3 Who will be in court besides me?--------------5 What will court look like?------------------------
Jahresabschlusstest 1 Let s simply continue Please fill in the gaps with either the simple present or the present continuous forms of the verb in brackets. 1. Samantha usually (drink) a cup of coffee in
PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.
Present simple positive 1. What do they do? Write the sentences from the box into the correct columns. He wears a uniform. She works in a clothes shop. He gets up very early and goes to the market. She
Chapter 1 From Dairy Farmer to Forex Trader From a dairy farmer to a Forex trader, can you believe it? Well, that s my story in a sentence. I want to talk about my background because I think it s really
Unit 1 Friends and family What kind of person are you? Tell me about yourself. starting point A How true are these statements for you? Complete the quiz. Then add two more items about yourself. Personality
39 Unit 3 Exercise 1. Listening Activity: Taking a Test about Cats, p. 63: How well do you know cats compared to humans and dogs? Here is a quick test about cats. Listen to the questions and then choose
Trip to Kristiansund - Norway Sophia, Nico and Vincent from Germany Thursday, 20.09.2012 This is my story of the unforgettable days in Kristiansund, Norway. We went from our hometown Mering with the train
Sight Word Superstars Building Fry List Fluency By Jennifer Bates http://finallyinfirst.blogspot.com/ How I use this program I developed this program because I noticed many of my students were still trying
Rating Kit Task A (adapted from Abschlussprüfung Englisch 2006/Haupttermin) 1. Read the following task: F all transport CITYWORLD TOURS See London with our package tours Included in the price: F comfortable
Set 1 The people Write it down By the water Who will make it? You and I What will they do? He called me. We had their dog. What did they say? When would you go? No way A number of people One or two How
ELT Grammar Text Chapter 1 Parts of Speech There are eight word classes in English, sometimes called parts of speech. Here is a list with some examples from the passage above. Word class Verb: Noun: Adjective:
A test based on the grammar-grade one Choose the correct option for these comparative and superlative adjective sentences. 1. I am my brother. a) taller than b) the tallest 2. She is student in her class.
word phrase clause - while he was studying chemistry - the man standing over there - space Clause -Where she went is none of your business. -An antecedent is a word to which a pronoun refers. - The man
Updated 07/2013 ISCWeB project 10 parts of the questionnaire 12y.o 10y.o 8y.o You You You 1. I am _ years old 1. I am _ years old 1. I am _ years old 2. I am a boy/girl 2. I am a boy/girl 2. I am a boy/girl
A student s guide to Keeping the in Your Project Written and developed by: Ellen Smoak, Ph.D., Clothing and Textiles Specialist, North Carolina A&T State University Cooperative Extension Program Robert