Hi-tech. Language focus. First conditional. Second conditional. eat. 'd give / wouldn t

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1 9 Hi-tech Language focus First conditional 1a Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets. Use the Present Simple or will + infinitive. eat 1 If you (eat) cheese late at night, you ll have bad dreams. 2 You ll get a cold if you (go) outside with your hair wet in winter. 3 If you (change) the colour of your hair too often, it ll fall out. 4 You (get) cancer if you use a mobile phone too much. 5 You (have) bad skin if you (eat) too much chocolate. 6 If you (drink) red wine every day, it (reduce) your cholesterol. 7 If you (smoke) when you re young, it (stop) you growing. 8 You (become) anti-social if you (spend) too much time in front of a computer. b Tick ( ) the sentences that you think are true. Second conditional 2a Complete the sentences to make them true for you. Use the Past Simple or would(n t) + infinitive. 1 4 If I were on a crowded bus, I give 'd give / wouldn t (give) my seat to an old person. If I (see) two children fighting in the street, I (try) to stop them If I found a purse or wallet in the street, I (keep) the money in it. If I had a party and my neighbours (complain) about the noise, I (turn) the music down. 6 If I was in a street and I couldn't find a bin, I (throw) my rubbish on the ground. b Look at your answers. Are you a good citizen? I (tell) the police if I thought that my neighbour (sell) drugs. Conditional sentences: Try the interactive activity for this topic on your CD-Rom. 57

2 Second conditional: questions 3 Write questions in the second conditional. 1 if you / win a fortune on the lottery / you / leave your job? If you won a fortune on the lottery, would you leave your job? 2 if you / have more money / you / be happier? 3 what / you / do / if you / not have to work? 4 you / live in another country / if you / can? 4 Write answers to the questions in Exercise 3 that are true for you. Write complete sentences. If I won a fortune on the lottery, I would / wouldn t 1 leave my job if you / go to live abroad / what / you / miss about your country? 6 if a very rich person / want to marry you / you / say yes? First and second conditional 5 Complete the sentences to make them true for you. Use the first or second conditional. 1 If I could be invisible for a day, 2 I ll be extremely happy if 3 Life would be a lot easier if 4 If I need a lot of money quickly, 5 I d organise a big party for all my friends and family if 6 Humans won t survive if 7 If I were president of my country, 8 If I could travel in time, Reported statements 6 Complete the sentences. Direct statement Reported statement 1 I m a bit depressed. She told me I m phoning from the bus. she was a bit depressed. 2 She said she was phoning from the bus. 3 I can t hear you. She told me 4 I had an argument with my boss earlier. She said 5 He She told me he was very angry. 6 I m going to leave my job. She told me _ 7 I She said she didn t think the company would be very happy. 8 I haven t told them yet. She said 9 I don t have time to tell you everything. She said 10 I She told me she d phone again later. 58

3 7 Read the . Then complete the conversation with reported statements. A: We got an from Katrin last night. B: Oh, good. What did it say? was X File Print Send Attach Reply Forward Cancel Address Hi Ged and Vicky! I hope you re both well. I m sorry I haven t been in touch for a while but I m studying for my final exams and don t have much time. I got your and yes, you can stay with me next weekend. I ll have to revise most of the time, but I ll be able to go out on Saturday night. I saw Bruno a couple of days ago, by the way. He s going to join us all on Saturday. Tell me when you re arriving and I ll pick you up from the station. I can t wait to see you! Katrin A: Well, she said she 1 sorry she 2 in touch for a while but she 3 for her final exams and 4 much time. e Vocabulary Gadgets 1 Order the letters to make words. Then match the words with the pictures. 1 a p p l o t laptop D 2 o i l m b e 3 D D V e r l p a y 4 m a l t p o p 5 m e t r e o r o l c o n t 6 a s m e g c o o l n e s 7 P 3 M l a y r e p B: What about next weekend? A: She said that she 5 to revise most of the time, but that we 6 with her. She said she 7 to go out with us on Saturday night. B: That s good. What else did she say? A: She said she 8 Bruno and that he 9 us on Saturday. She also said she 10 us up from the station if we told her what time we 11. What time are we arriving? B: The train gets in at six. A: OK. I ll write back and tell her. Oh, and she said she 12 to see us. I m really excited too. A C D B say and tell 8 Circle the correct word, say or tell. 1 The doctor said / told me that I should eat less salt. 2 He said / told he d be here before 5pm. 3 I said / told the teacher I couldn t come to the next class. 4 The weather forecast said / told it was going to rain tomorrow. 5 They didn t tell / say us that they had a house in the country. 6 A lot of people say / tell that I look like my mother. 7 I said / told the travel agency that I preferred a room with a sea view. 8 She s already said / told everybody about her new job. E G F Unit 9: Hi-tech 59 11

4 Time verbs 2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of these verbs. kill run out of save spend waste 1 If you buy a cinema ticket in advance, you don t have to queue. It saves time. 2 I try not to watch more than an hour of television a day. I don t like time. 3 We had two hours to wait at the airport so we went shopping to time. 4 I don t understand why people play chess. It s a strange way to your time. 5 We wanted to see some other sights during the holiday but we time. 3 Answer the questions. 1 How do you kill time when you re on a long train, plane or car journey? 2 How do you spend your time at weekends? 3 When was the last time you couldn t finish something because you ran out of time? 4 How much time have you wasted this week? What have you wasted it on? 5 What do you do to save time when you re busy? 5 Complete the sentences with a verb and a pronoun if necessary. 1 You ve left the lights on again! Please. switch them off 2 The machine s unplugged. Could you? 3 You see those red lights? You can t use the machine until they. 4 The answerphone s off. Can you if you go out? 5 When I turn on my laptop, I have to wait for ages before I can use it because it takes a long time to. 6 You can t use your mobiles in class so please now. 7 Could you turn the machine off then and put it in the cupboard? 8 Keep an eye on the yellow light. You can unplug the machine when it. Vocabulary extension Computer vocabulary 1a Write the correct letter next to the words. A F Machine nouns and verbs 4 Complete the instructions with these verbs. come on go off plug in press switch on / off turn on / off unplug warm up The photocopier s unplugged when we re not using it, so the first thing you have to do is 1 plug it. in Then you 2 it that s the switch there and a green light will 3. You have to wait for it to 4 before you can start copying. That takes about five minutes. When it s ready, you put the document you want to copy here, and you 5 this button. And when you finish, remember to 6 it. The green light will 7. Then can you 8 it and leave the plug where E D B C 1 mouse 2 keyboard 3 printer 4 monitor 5 speakers 6 mouse pad b 9.1 Listen and check. c Practise saying the words. Listen and repeat. d you found it? 60 Time verbs: Try the interactive activity for this topic on your CD-Rom.

5 Pronunciation Conditionals and contractions 1a 9.2 Listen and write the sentences you hear. I ll be really happy if you call me TAKEAWAY ENGLISH: Telephoning business or pleasure? 1a Put the words in the correct order in the telephone expressions. 1 through / put / I ll / you I ll put you through. 2 one / please / just / moment 3 I / can / how / you / help /? 4 to / please / like / I d / to / speak / Mrs Evans 5 a / can / I / take / message /? 6 I m / not / afraid / at / she s / in / the / moment 7 from / it s / Thomas Meinart / Germany 8 I / who s / can / ask / calling /? 9 please / the / hold / line 10 later / I ll / again / try b 9.4 Listen and check. c Practise saying the expressions. Listen and repeat. 2 Match the business expressions (1 6) with the social expressions (a f). b Underline the contractions and write the full forms above the contractions. I will I ll be really happy if you call me. c Practise saying the sentences as quickly as you can. Listen and repeat. 1 Hang on a sec. 2 Hi, is Toni there please? 3 Who s that? 4 Sorry. He s not in at the moment. 5 Tell him Patrick rang. 6 Can I take a message or anything? a) Could I ask who s calling? b) I m afraid he s not in the office at the moment. c) Could you tell him Mr Prevatt called? d) Would you like to leave a message? e) Hold the line, please. f) I d like to speak to the sales manager, please. /ai/ 2a 9.3 Listen and count the number of times you hear /ai/ in each sentence b Listen again and write the words with the /ai/ sound. I, time, my, mobile c Practise saying the sentences. Listen and repeat. 3a Complete the telephone conversation with expressions from Exercise 1. A: Good morning, MegaRam. 1 B: Good morning. 2 She s the Marketing Manager. A: 3 B: Yes, it s Mr Davids from Jenson Chips. A: OK. 4, and 5. B: Thank you. A: I m afraid she s engaged at the moment. Do you want to hold or 6? B: Could you tell her Mr Davids called and that 7. b 9.5 Listen and check. Computer words: Try the interactive activity for this topic on your CD-Rom

6 How to... speak more naturally When you speak English naturally, you stress words that contain information (nouns, adjectives, etc.). This is because it s important to hear and understand these words. Other words are unstressed. They don t contain information and you don t really need to hear them clearly. Stressed words 1a 9.6 Listen to this dialogue. The underlined words are stressed. A: What did you get for your birthday? B: A Playstation and three new computer games. A: Can I borrow them? B: Yes. When I ve finished with them! b Tick ( ) the type of words that are normally stressed. adjectives numbers articles (a, the) prepositions auxiliary verbs (can, have) question words conjunctions (and, when) verbs nouns and names 2a Underline the stressed words in the conversation. (The number of stressed words is in brackets.) b 1 Computer Megastore. Can I help you? (3) 2 Yes. I ve seen your advert and I m interested in the special offer. (6) 3 The Pentium 4? (2) 4 Yes. How much does it cost? (4) 5 Eight hundred and ninety-nine euros. (5) 6 Does the price include VAT? (3) 7 Yes, it does. (2) 8 And how much do you charge for delivery? (4) 9 There s a delivery charge of thirty euros. (5) 10 Fine. I d like to buy one, please. (4) 9.7 Listen and check. Unstressed words 3a You often pronounce the words a, the, for, of, to, and and the auxiliary verbs can, does, do with a schwa /ə/ when they re not stressed. Circle examples in the conversation. Computer Megastore. Can I help you? b 9.7 Listen again and check. 4 Practise saying the dialogue. Listen and repeat. 62 Now do Unit Test 9 on your CD-Rom.

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