Examination II. Fixed income valuation and analysis. Economics

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Examination II. Fixed income valuation and analysis. Economics"

Transcription

1 Examination II Fixed income valuation and analysis Economics Questions Foundation examination March 2008

2 FIRST PART: Multiple Choice Questions (48 points) Hereafter you must answer all 12 multiple choice questions. Please check the correct answers in the boxes. Only one answer is correct per question and you should check only one box. For each question you have first the number of points given for a correct answer and then the points subtracted for a wrong answer. If you do not answer a question it will count as zero points. If you change your mind, surround the marked answer. The answer surrounded with a circle will not count. 1. Economics (4 points / point) The following data represents country A: Nominal GDP for 2005 Real GDP for 2006 GDP Deflator for 2006 = USD 175 billion = USD 185 billion = 1.375% more than the GDP Deflator of the reference year. The Nominal GDP of the country for the year 2006 is USD billion. USD billion. USD billion. USD billion. 2. Economics (4 points / point) For a country having a closed economy, the relation between its GDP and GNP can be described as, Its GDP is equal to its GNP. Its GDP is more than its GNP. Its GDP is less than its GNP. Insufficient data to know the relation. 3. Economics (4 points / point) In an open economy, the balance of payments of any country; Is always zero. Is strictly positive only if net exports are positive. Is strictly positive only if net exports are negative. Insufficient data to answer. Page 1 / 8

3 4. Economics (4 points / point) Which of the following statements is wrong regarding the IS-LM model? The demand for goods and services depends on the interest rate of the economy. The demand for liquidity (money) for the transaction motive does not depend on the interest rate of the economy. The government expenditure depends on the level of the output of the economy. The money (liquidity) supply does not depend on the level of interest rates in the economy. 5. Economics (4 points / point) Sometimes one says that exchange rates follow an ARCH process, i.e. an Autoregressive Conditionally Heteroskedastic process. What can you say about ARCH features? Returns are serially independent, i.e. the return and the volatility have no particular temporal structure. The returns volatility is serially correlated (i.e. correlated through time). There is no volatility clustering. No financial data presents this feature. 6. Fixed income (4 points / point) The 1 year spot rate is 3.95%, while the 2 year spot rate is 4.05%. Suppose you buy a two-year zero coupon bond; after 1 year, the yield curve has remained unchanged. What is the total return of your investment after one year? Less than 4.00%. 4.00%. 4.05%. Greater than 4.05%. Page 2 / 8

4 7. Fixed income (4 points / -2 points) Suppose that the interest rate curve has a parallel shift downward: which of the following bonds will have the larger price appreciation? A 5-year fixed rate bond with a duration of 4 years. A floating rate note linked to short term rates. A 10-year zero coupon bond. 8. Fixed income (4 points / point) The 3-year spot rate is 4%; the 5 year spot rate is 5%; calculate the 2-year forward rate 3 years from now (i.e. the forward rate from end of year 3 to the end of year 5). 2.00%. 3.52%. 4.52%. 6.52%. 9. Fixed income (4 points / point) Which of the following statements is wrong? Investors should buy low coupon securities and sell high coupon securities if they expect the market yield to decrease. Investors should buy high coupon securities and sell low coupon securities if they expect the market yield to increase. For a given maturity and a given initial market yield, the volatility of a bond s price decreases as the coupon rate increases. For bonds having different coupon rates but identical maturity dates and yields to maturity, the percentage change in the value of such bonds is larger, the larger the coupon rate for any given change in the yield to maturity. Page 3 / 8

5 10. Fixed income (4 points / -2 points) The Macauley duration of a bond is Always smaller than the bond s time to maturity. Always bigger than the bond s time to maturity. Smaller than or equal to the bond s time to maturity. 11. Fixed income (4 points / point) The price of a bond in local currency is dependent On the yield curve, the quality of the issuer, the maturity and the coupon of the bond. Only on the quality of the issuer. Only on the coupon and the maturity of the bond. None of the above answers is correct. 12. Fixed income (4 points / -2 points) In which economic situation can an inverted yield curve be observed? When the market expects a solid economic growth in an inflationary environment. When the market expects a strong deceleration of the economy in a non-inflationary environment. An inverted yield curve can never be observed. Page 4 / 8

6 SECOND PART: Open Questions (112 points) Question 1: Economics (36 points) a) Defining aggregate investment as the fixed investment made by the private sector to build capital stock. a1) Describe the relation between aggregate investment and real interest rates (capital costs). Explain the relation in economic terms. (7 points) a2) Describe the investment relation with respect to the production level in economic terms. (5 points) b) In summer 2007 the financial sector was subjected to the Subprime crisis. One of the main consequences of this crisis was the risk of liquidity supply contraction between commercial banks. Assume a closed economy. b1) Using the IS-LM model, explain what the consequences are of a money supply contraction on the macroeconomic equilibrium. Describe in detail firstly the money market and secondly at the macroeconomic level. Answer by using economic terms and graphics. (18 points) b2) What could be the appropriate solution in terms of monetary policy to limit the consequences of the Subprime crisis? Explain in detail (step by step) in economic terms and by using the IS-LM model. (6 points) Page 5 / 8

7 Question 2: Fixed income (34 points) You have the following bonds (A and B) in your portfolio and are planning to invest in Bond C which is a callable convertible bond. All the bonds have a par value of EUR 100 and have an annual coupon payment which has just been paid. Bond Coupon Price YTM Term to maturity Duration (years) (years) Number* A 6.00% P A YTM A B 6.75% P B 6.00% 5 D B 100 C 6.50% % * Number = Number of bonds in the portfolio a) If the one-year spot rate (R 0,1 ) is 5.00% and the one-year forward rate at the end of the first year (F 1,2 ) is 5.50%, calculate the values for P A and YTM A in the table above. (6 points) b) Calculate the price (P B ) and the duration (D B ) for Bond B. (6 points) c) State the various methods that you could use in deciding whether or not to invest in Bond C. Which method would you prefer and why? (6 points) d) Bond C has a conversion ratio of 5 and is callable after 3 years with a call trigger of 115%. If you suppose that the underlying price will move upwards in such a way that the convertible will be called (i.e. its price reaches the call price of 115%), should you invest in Bond C, if a straight bond of a similar rating and maturity yields 6.50%? Clearly state your assumptions. (5 points) e) Assuming that you have invested in Bond C, calculate your portfolio duration. (5 points) f) Explain the significance of duration as a measure of bond risk. What are its implicit assumptions and restrictions? (6 points) Page 6 / 8

8 Question 3: Fixed income (22 points) Your customer wants to invest an amount of CHF 1 million in bonds. He cannot decide whether he should follow a barbell or a bullet strategy. To show him the effects of an interest rate change, you have these three bonds to choose from. Bond Coupon Maturity (years) Price Yield to maturity (YTM) Duration (years) A 2.75% % 1.97 B 3.00% % 6.41 C 4.00% % a) Create a barbell portfolio using bonds A and C which matches the duration of bond B, computing the proportions of the two bonds in the portfolio. (3 points) b) Assume a sudden change of the interest yield curve: 2 years = +50 basis points 7 years = + 5 basis points 20 years = -30 basis points b1) Using the modified duration, calculate the impact of this change in relative and absolute terms on a bullet portfolio consisting of CHF 1 million (market value) invested in bond B. (4 points) b2) Using the modified duration, calculate the impact of this change in relative and absolute terms on the barbell portfolio created under question a). (11 points) b3) Which of the two strategies bullet or barbell would be the better alternative? Explain by using the results found under b1) and b2). (4 points) Page 7 / 8

9 Question 4: Fixed income (20 points) You hold the following zero-coupon bond portfolio: Bond Coupon Maturity Face value CHF A years 200,000 B years 300,000 In exactly 5 years, you have the possibility to buy your parents house for the amount of CHF 500,000. As you do not intend to borrow money the whole bond portfolio is assigned for financing this transaction. The market yield is currently 3.5% for all maturities. a) Calculate on the asset side the present value and the duration of the bond portfolio. (6 points) b) Calculate on the liability side the present value and the duration of the house buying transaction. (3 points) c) Calculate your actual surplus. (3 points) d) To immunize the surplus you could increase or decrease the market values or the durations on the asset or the liability side. Please tick the right boxes for this specific case. (4 points) Market value Duration Asset side increase decrease increase decrease Liability side increase decrease increase decrease e) You decide to change the house buying date to immunize against parallel interest rate shifts. Calculate the new date. (4 points) Page 8 / 8

CHAPTER 15: THE TERM STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES

CHAPTER 15: THE TERM STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES CHAPTER 15: THE TERM STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES 1. Expectations hypothesis. The yields on long-term bonds are geometric averages of present and expected future short rates. An upward sloping curve is

More information

CHAPTER 15: THE TERM STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES

CHAPTER 15: THE TERM STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES CHAPTER : THE TERM STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES CHAPTER : THE TERM STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES PROBLEM SETS.. In general, the forward rate can be viewed as the sum of the market s expectation of the future

More information

CHAPTER 15: THE TERM STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES

CHAPTER 15: THE TERM STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES Chapter - The Term Structure of Interest Rates CHAPTER : THE TERM STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES PROBLEM SETS.. In general, the forward rate can be viewed as the sum of the market s expectation of the future

More information

CIS September 2012 Exam Diet. Examination Paper 2.2: Corporate Finance Equity Valuation and Analysis Fixed Income Valuation and Analysis

CIS September 2012 Exam Diet. Examination Paper 2.2: Corporate Finance Equity Valuation and Analysis Fixed Income Valuation and Analysis CIS September 2012 Exam Diet Examination Paper 2.2: Corporate Finance Equity Valuation and Analysis Fixed Income Valuation and Analysis Corporate Finance (1 13) 1. Assume a firm issues N1 billion in debt

More information

Duration and convexity

Duration and convexity Duration and convexity Prepared by Pamela Peterson Drake, Ph.D., CFA Contents 1. Overview... 1 A. Calculating the yield on a bond... 4 B. The yield curve... 6 C. Option-like features... 8 D. Bond ratings...

More information

Chapter Nine Selected Solutions

Chapter Nine Selected Solutions Chapter Nine Selected Solutions 1. What is the difference between book value accounting and market value accounting? How do interest rate changes affect the value of bank assets and liabilities under the

More information

Problem Set for Chapter 20(Multiple choices)

Problem Set for Chapter 20(Multiple choices) Problem Set for hapter 20(Multiple choices) 1. According to the theory of liquidity preference, a. if the interest rate is below the equilibrium level, then the quantity of money people want to hold is

More information

Chapter 8. Step 2: Find prices of the bonds today: n i PV FV PMT Result Coupon = 4% 29.5 5? 100 4 84.74 Zero coupon 29.5 5? 100 0 23.

Chapter 8. Step 2: Find prices of the bonds today: n i PV FV PMT Result Coupon = 4% 29.5 5? 100 4 84.74 Zero coupon 29.5 5? 100 0 23. Chapter 8 Bond Valuation with a Flat Term Structure 1. Suppose you want to know the price of a 10-year 7% coupon Treasury bond that pays interest annually. a. You have been told that the yield to maturity

More information

Review for Exam 1. Instructions: Please read carefully

Review for Exam 1. Instructions: Please read carefully Review for Exam 1 Instructions: Please read carefully The exam will have 20 multiple choice questions and 5 work problems. Questions in the multiple choice section will be either concept or calculation

More information

Money and Banking Prof. Yamin Ahmad ECON 354 Spring 2006

Money and Banking Prof. Yamin Ahmad ECON 354 Spring 2006 Money and Banking Prof. Yamin Ahmad ECON 354 Spring 2006 Final Exam Name Id # Instructions: There are 30 questions on this exam. Please circle the correct solution on the exam paper and fill in the relevant

More information

Bonds and the Term Structure of Interest Rates: Pricing, Yields, and (No) Arbitrage

Bonds and the Term Structure of Interest Rates: Pricing, Yields, and (No) Arbitrage Prof. Alex Shapiro Lecture Notes 12 Bonds and the Term Structure of Interest Rates: Pricing, Yields, and (No) Arbitrage I. Readings and Suggested Practice Problems II. Bonds Prices and Yields (Revisited)

More information

SAMPLE MID-TERM QUESTIONS

SAMPLE MID-TERM QUESTIONS SAMPLE MID-TERM QUESTIONS William L. Silber HOW TO PREPARE FOR THE MID- TERM: 1. Study in a group 2. Review the concept questions in the Before and After book 3. When you review the questions listed below,

More information

Economics 152 Solution to Sample Midterm 2

Economics 152 Solution to Sample Midterm 2 Economics 152 Solution to Sample Midterm 2 N. Das PART 1 (84 POINTS): Answer the following 28 multiple choice questions on the scan sheet. Each question is worth 3 points. 1. If Congress passes legislation

More information

The Term Structure of Interest Rates CHAPTER 13

The Term Structure of Interest Rates CHAPTER 13 The Term Structure of Interest Rates CHAPTER 13 Chapter Summary Objective: To explore the pattern of interest rates for different-term assets. The term structure under certainty Forward rates Theories

More information

1.2 Structured notes

1.2 Structured notes 1.2 Structured notes Structured notes are financial products that appear to be fixed income instruments, but contain embedded options and do not necessarily reflect the risk of the issuing credit. Used

More information

Econ 330 Exam 1 Name ID Section Number

Econ 330 Exam 1 Name ID Section Number Econ 330 Exam 1 Name ID Section Number MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) If during the past decade the average rate of monetary growth

More information

Investments Analysis

Investments Analysis Investments Analysis Last 2 Lectures: Fixed Income Securities Bond Prices and Yields Term Structure of Interest Rates This Lecture (#7): Fixed Income Securities Term Structure of Interest Rates Interest

More information

Fixed Income Portfolio Management. Interest rate sensitivity, duration, and convexity

Fixed Income Portfolio Management. Interest rate sensitivity, duration, and convexity Fixed Income ortfolio Management Interest rate sensitivity, duration, and convexity assive bond portfolio management Active bond portfolio management Interest rate swaps 1 Interest rate sensitivity, duration,

More information

Problems and Solutions

Problems and Solutions Problems and Solutions CHAPTER Problems. Problems on onds Exercise. On /04/0, consider a fixed-coupon bond whose features are the following: face value: $,000 coupon rate: 8% coupon frequency: semiannual

More information

Active Fixed Income: A Primer

Active Fixed Income: A Primer Active Fixed Income: A Primer www.madisonadv.com Active Fixed Income: A Primer Most investors have a basic understanding of equity securities and may even spend a good deal of leisure time reading about

More information

Fixed Income: Practice Problems with Solutions

Fixed Income: Practice Problems with Solutions Fixed Income: Practice Problems with Solutions Directions: Unless otherwise stated, assume semi-annual payment on bonds.. A 6.0 percent bond matures in exactly 8 years and has a par value of 000 dollars.

More information

Estimating Risk free Rates. Aswath Damodaran. Stern School of Business. 44 West Fourth Street. New York, NY 10012. Adamodar@stern.nyu.

Estimating Risk free Rates. Aswath Damodaran. Stern School of Business. 44 West Fourth Street. New York, NY 10012. Adamodar@stern.nyu. Estimating Risk free Rates Aswath Damodaran Stern School of Business 44 West Fourth Street New York, NY 10012 Adamodar@stern.nyu.edu Estimating Risk free Rates Models of risk and return in finance start

More information

Chapter 3 Fixed Income Securities

Chapter 3 Fixed Income Securities Chapter 3 Fixed Income Securities Road Map Part A Introduction to finance. Part B Valuation of assets, given discount rates. Fixed-income securities. Stocks. Real assets (capital budgeting). Part C Determination

More information

Introduction to Fixed Income (IFI) Course Syllabus

Introduction to Fixed Income (IFI) Course Syllabus Introduction to Fixed Income (IFI) Course Syllabus 1. Fixed income markets 1.1 Understand the function of fixed income markets 1.2 Know the main fixed income market products: Loans Bonds Money market instruments

More information

Alliance Consulting BOND YIELDS & DURATION ANALYSIS. Bond Yields & Duration Analysis Page 1

Alliance Consulting BOND YIELDS & DURATION ANALYSIS. Bond Yields & Duration Analysis Page 1 BOND YIELDS & DURATION ANALYSIS Bond Yields & Duration Analysis Page 1 COMPUTING BOND YIELDS Sources of returns on bond investments The returns from investment in bonds come from the following: 1. Periodic

More information

VALUATION OF DEBT CONTRACTS AND THEIR PRICE VOLATILITY CHARACTERISTICS QUESTIONS See answers below

VALUATION OF DEBT CONTRACTS AND THEIR PRICE VOLATILITY CHARACTERISTICS QUESTIONS See answers below VALUATION OF DEBT CONTRACTS AND THEIR PRICE VOLATILITY CHARACTERISTICS QUESTIONS See answers below 1. Determine the value of the following risk-free debt instrument, which promises to make the respective

More information

Mid-Term Exam Practice Set and Solutions.

Mid-Term Exam Practice Set and Solutions. FIN-469 Investments Analysis Professor Michel A. Robe Mid-Term Exam Practice Set and Solutions. What to do with this practice set? To help students prepare for the mid-term exam, two practice sets with

More information

CHAPTER 16: MANAGING BOND PORTFOLIOS

CHAPTER 16: MANAGING BOND PORTFOLIOS CHAPTER 16: MANAGING BOND PORTFOLIOS PROBLEM SETS 1. While it is true that short-term rates are more volatile than long-term rates, the longer duration of the longer-term bonds makes their prices and their

More information

Chapter 11. Bond Pricing - 1. Bond Valuation: Part I. Several Assumptions: To simplify the analysis, we make the following assumptions.

Chapter 11. Bond Pricing - 1. Bond Valuation: Part I. Several Assumptions: To simplify the analysis, we make the following assumptions. Bond Pricing - 1 Chapter 11 Several Assumptions: To simplify the analysis, we make the following assumptions. 1. The coupon payments are made every six months. 2. The next coupon payment for the bond is

More information

Caput Derivatives: October 30, 2003

Caput Derivatives: October 30, 2003 Caput Derivatives: October 30, 2003 Exam + Answers Total time: 2 hours and 30 minutes. Note 1: You are allowed to use books, course notes, and a calculator. Question 1. [20 points] Consider an investor

More information

GESTÃO FINANCEIRA II PROBLEM SET 2 - SOLUTIONS

GESTÃO FINANCEIRA II PROBLEM SET 2 - SOLUTIONS GESTÃO FINANCEIRA II PROBLEM SET - SOLUTIONS (FROM BERK AND DEMARZO S CORPORATE FINANCE ) LICENCIATURA UNDERGRADUATE COURSE 1 ST SEMESTER 010-011 Yield to Maturity Chapter 8 Valuing Bonds 8-3. The following

More information

Chapter 07 Interest Rates and Present Value

Chapter 07 Interest Rates and Present Value Chapter 07 Interest Rates and Present Value Multiple Choice Questions 1. The percentage of a balance that a borrower must pay a lender is called the a. Inflation rate b. Usury rate C. Interest rate d.

More information

ECON 3312 Macroeconomics Exam 3 Fall 2014. Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

ECON 3312 Macroeconomics Exam 3 Fall 2014. Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. ECON 3312 Macroeconomics Exam 3 Fall 2014 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Everything else held constant, an increase in net

More information

Practice Set #2 and Solutions.

Practice Set #2 and Solutions. FIN-672 Securities Analysis & Portfolio Management Professor Michel A. Robe Practice Set #2 and Solutions. What to do with this practice set? To help MBA students prepare for the assignment and the exams,

More information

Use the following to answer question 9: Exhibit: Keynesian Cross

Use the following to answer question 9: Exhibit: Keynesian Cross 1. Leading economic indicators are: A) the most popular economic statistics. B) data that are used to construct the consumer price index and the unemployment rate. C) variables that tend to fluctuate in

More information

The Money Market and the Interest Rate. 2003 South-Western/Thomson Learning

The Money Market and the Interest Rate. 2003 South-Western/Thomson Learning The Money Market and the Interest Rate 2003 South-Western/Thomson Learning Individuals Demand for Money An individual s quantity of money demanded is the amount of wealth that the individual chooses to

More information

Business Conditions Analysis Prof. Yamin Ahmad ECON 736

Business Conditions Analysis Prof. Yamin Ahmad ECON 736 Business Conditions Analysis Prof. Yamin Ahmad ECON 736 Sample Final Exam Name Id # Instructions: There are two parts to this midterm. Part A consists of multiple choice questions. Please mark the answers

More information

VALUATION OF FIXED INCOME SECURITIES. Presented By Sade Odunaiya Partner, Risk Management Alliance Consulting

VALUATION OF FIXED INCOME SECURITIES. Presented By Sade Odunaiya Partner, Risk Management Alliance Consulting VALUATION OF FIXED INCOME SECURITIES Presented By Sade Odunaiya Partner, Risk Management Alliance Consulting OUTLINE Introduction Valuation Principles Day Count Conventions Duration Covexity Exercises

More information

Chapter 6 Interest rates and Bond Valuation. 2012 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. 4-1

Chapter 6 Interest rates and Bond Valuation. 2012 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. 4-1 Chapter 6 Interest rates and Bond Valuation 2012 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. 4-1 Interest Rates and Required Returns: Interest Rate Fundamentals The interest rate is usually applied to

More information

Option Pricing Applications in Valuation!

Option Pricing Applications in Valuation! Option Pricing Applications in Valuation! Equity Value in Deeply Troubled Firms Value of Undeveloped Reserves for Natural Resource Firm Value of Patent/License 73 Option Pricing Applications in Equity

More information

LOS 56.a: Explain steps in the bond valuation process.

LOS 56.a: Explain steps in the bond valuation process. The following is a review of the Analysis of Fixed Income Investments principles designed to address the learning outcome statements set forth by CFA Institute. This topic is also covered in: Introduction

More information

CHAPTER 14: BOND PRICES AND YIELDS

CHAPTER 14: BOND PRICES AND YIELDS CHAPTER 14: BOND PRICES AND YIELDS PROBLEM SETS 1. The bond callable at 105 should sell at a lower price because the call provision is more valuable to the firm. Therefore, its yield to maturity should

More information

In this chapter we learn the potential causes of fluctuations in national income. We focus on demand shocks other than supply shocks.

In this chapter we learn the potential causes of fluctuations in national income. We focus on demand shocks other than supply shocks. Chapter 11: Applying IS-LM Model In this chapter we learn the potential causes of fluctuations in national income. We focus on demand shocks other than supply shocks. We also learn how the IS-LM model

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Suvey of Macroeconomics, MBA 641 Fall 2006, Final Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Modern macroeconomics emerged from

More information

CHAPTER 9 Building the Aggregate Expenditures Model

CHAPTER 9 Building the Aggregate Expenditures Model CHAPTER 9 Building the Aggregate Expenditures Model Topic Question numbers 1. Consumption function/apc/mpc 1-42 2. Saving function/aps/mps 43-56 3. Shifts in consumption and saving functions 57-72 4 Graphs/tables:

More information

14.02 PRINCIPLES OF MACROECONOMICS QUIZ 3

14.02 PRINCIPLES OF MACROECONOMICS QUIZ 3 14.02 PRINCIPLES OF MACROECONOMICS QUIZ 3 READ INSTRUCTIONS FIRST: Read all questions carefully and completely before beginning the quiz. Label all of your graphs, including axes, clearly; if we can t

More information

Study Questions for Chapter 9 (Answer Sheet)

Study Questions for Chapter 9 (Answer Sheet) DEREE COLLEGE DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS EC 1101 PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS II FALL SEMESTER 2002 M-W-F 13:00-13:50 Dr. Andreas Kontoleon Office hours: Contact: a.kontoleon@ucl.ac.uk Wednesdays 15:00-17:00 Study

More information

Lesson 7 - The Aggregate Expenditure Model

Lesson 7 - The Aggregate Expenditure Model Lesson 7 - The Aggregate Expenditure Model Acknowledgement: Ed Sexton and Kerry Webb were the primary authors of the material contained in this lesson. Section : The Aggregate Expenditures Model Aggregate

More information

2. Determine the appropriate discount rate based on the risk of the security

2. Determine the appropriate discount rate based on the risk of the security Fixed Income Instruments III Intro to the Valuation of Debt Securities LOS 64.a Explain the steps in the bond valuation process 1. Estimate the cash flows coupons and return of principal 2. Determine the

More information

Chapter 6. Interest Rates And Bond Valuation. Learning Goals. Learning Goals (cont.)

Chapter 6. Interest Rates And Bond Valuation. Learning Goals. Learning Goals (cont.) Chapter 6 Interest Rates And Bond Valuation Learning Goals 1. Describe interest rate fundamentals, the term structure of interest rates, and risk premiums. 2. Review the legal aspects of bond financing

More information

Review for Exam 1. Instructions: Please read carefully

Review for Exam 1. Instructions: Please read carefully Review for Exam 1 Instructions: Please read carefully The exam will have 21 multiple choice questions and 5 work problems. Questions in the multiple choice section will be either concept or calculation

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Econ 111 Summer 2007 Final Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The classical dichotomy allows us to explore economic growth

More information

Econ 202 Final Exam. Table 3-1 Labor Hours Needed to Make 1 Pound of: Meat Potatoes Farmer 8 2 Rancher 4 5

Econ 202 Final Exam. Table 3-1 Labor Hours Needed to Make 1 Pound of: Meat Potatoes Farmer 8 2 Rancher 4 5 Econ 202 Final Exam 1. If inflation expectations rise, the short-run Phillips curve shifts a. right, so that at any inflation rate unemployment is higher. b. left, so that at any inflation rate unemployment

More information

Shares Mutual funds Structured bonds Bonds Cash money, deposits

Shares Mutual funds Structured bonds Bonds Cash money, deposits FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED RISKS This description of investment risks is intended for you. The professionals of AB bank Finasta have strived to understandably introduce you the main financial instruments

More information

Agenda. The IS LM Model, Part 2. The Demand for Money. The Demand for Money. The Demand for Money. Asset Market Equilibrium.

Agenda. The IS LM Model, Part 2. The Demand for Money. The Demand for Money. The Demand for Money. Asset Market Equilibrium. Agenda The IS LM Model, Part 2 Asset Market Equilibrium The LM Curve 13-1 13-2 The demand for money is the quantity of money people want to hold in their portfolios. The demand for money depends on expected

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chatper 34 International Finance - Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The currency used to buy imported goods is A) the

More information

ASSET LIABILITY MANAGEMENT Significance and Basic Methods. Dr Philip Symes. Philip Symes, 2006

ASSET LIABILITY MANAGEMENT Significance and Basic Methods. Dr Philip Symes. Philip Symes, 2006 1 ASSET LIABILITY MANAGEMENT Significance and Basic Methods Dr Philip Symes Introduction 2 Asset liability management (ALM) is the management of financial assets by a company to make returns. ALM is necessary

More information

ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS

ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS 9-1 Explain what relationships are shown by (a) the consumption schedule, (b) the saving schedule, (c) the investment-demand curve, and (d) the investment schedule.

More information

Disclosure of European Embedded Value (summary) as of March 31, 2012

Disclosure of European Embedded Value (summary) as of March 31, 2012 May 25, 2012 SUMITOMO LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY Disclosure of European Embedded Value (summary) as of 2012 This is the summarized translation of the European Embedded Value ( EEV ) of Sumitomo Life Insurance

More information

Politics, Surpluses, Deficits, and Debt

Politics, Surpluses, Deficits, and Debt Defining Surpluses and Debt Politics, Surpluses,, and Debt Chapter 11 A surplus is an excess of revenues over payments. A deficit is a shortfall of revenues relative to payments. 2 Introduction After having

More information

Refer to Figure 17-1

Refer to Figure 17-1 Chapter 17 1. Inflation can be measured by the a. change in the consumer price index. b. percentage change in the consumer price index. c. percentage change in the price of a specific commodity. d. change

More information

3. a. If all money is held as currency, then the money supply is equal to the monetary base. The money supply will be $1,000.

3. a. If all money is held as currency, then the money supply is equal to the monetary base. The money supply will be $1,000. Macroeconomics ECON 2204 Prof. Murphy Problem Set 2 Answers Chapter 4 #2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 9 (on pages 102-103) 2. a. When the Fed buys bonds, the dollars that it pays to the public for the bonds increase

More information

Econ 303: Intermediate Macroeconomics I Dr. Sauer Sample Questions for Exam #3

Econ 303: Intermediate Macroeconomics I Dr. Sauer Sample Questions for Exam #3 Econ 303: Intermediate Macroeconomics I Dr. Sauer Sample Questions for Exam #3 1. When firms experience unplanned inventory accumulation, they typically: A) build new plants. B) lay off workers and reduce

More information

Econ 336 - Spring 2007 Homework 5

Econ 336 - Spring 2007 Homework 5 Econ 336 - Spring 2007 Homework 5 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The real exchange rate, q, is defined as A) E times P B)

More information

MANAGING INTEREST RATE RISK IN A FIXED INCOME PORTFOLIO

MANAGING INTEREST RATE RISK IN A FIXED INCOME PORTFOLIO CALIFORNIA DEBT & INVESTMENT ADVISORY COMMISSION MANAGING INTEREST RATE RISK IN A FIXED INCOME PORTFOLIO SEPTEMBER 2008 CDIAC #08-11 INTRODUCTION California statute requires the governing body of local

More information

EC247 FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND CAPITAL MARKETS TERM PAPER

EC247 FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND CAPITAL MARKETS TERM PAPER EC247 FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND CAPITAL MARKETS TERM PAPER NAME: IOANNA KOULLOUROU REG. NUMBER: 1004216 1 Term Paper Title: Explain what is meant by the term structure of interest rates. Critically evaluate

More information

Bond valuation and bond yields

Bond valuation and bond yields RELEVANT TO ACCA QUALIFICATION PAPER P4 AND PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 15 AND 16 Bond valuation and bond yields Bonds and their variants such as loan notes, debentures and loan stock, are IOUs issued by governments

More information

One Period Binomial Model

One Period Binomial Model FIN-40008 FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS SPRING 2008 One Period Binomial Model These notes consider the one period binomial model to exactly price an option. We will consider three different methods of pricing

More information

Chapter 4 Valuing Bonds

Chapter 4 Valuing Bonds Chapter 4 Valuing Bonds MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A 15 year, 8%, $1000 face value bond is currently trading at $958. The yield to maturity of this bond must be a. less than 8%. b. equal to 8%. c. greater than

More information

CHAPTER 23: FUTURES, SWAPS, AND RISK MANAGEMENT

CHAPTER 23: FUTURES, SWAPS, AND RISK MANAGEMENT CHAPTER 23: FUTURES, SWAPS, AND RISK MANAGEMENT PROBLEM SETS 1. In formulating a hedge position, a stock s beta and a bond s duration are used similarly to determine the expected percentage gain or loss

More information

Overview of the new Danish covered bond legislation addressing refinancing risk. Prepared as a joint effort of the Danish mortgage banks

Overview of the new Danish covered bond legislation addressing refinancing risk. Prepared as a joint effort of the Danish mortgage banks Overview of the new Danish covered bond legislation addressing refinancing risk Prepared as a joint effort of the Danish mortgage banks Last update 23 May 2014 1 Contents 1. Overview of new Act Page 3

More information

ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS

ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS 7-1 In what ways are national income statistics useful? National income accounting does for the economy as a whole what private accounting does for businesses. Firms

More information

Exam 1 Review. 3. A severe recession is called a(n): A) depression. B) deflation. C) exogenous event. D) market-clearing assumption.

Exam 1 Review. 3. A severe recession is called a(n): A) depression. B) deflation. C) exogenous event. D) market-clearing assumption. Exam 1 Review 1. Macroeconomics does not try to answer the question of: A) why do some countries experience rapid growth. B) what is the rate of return on education. C) why do some countries have high

More information

CHAPTER 7: AGGREGATE DEMAND AND AGGREGATE SUPPLY

CHAPTER 7: AGGREGATE DEMAND AND AGGREGATE SUPPLY CHAPTER 7: AGGREGATE DEMAND AND AGGREGATE SUPPLY Learning goals of this chapter: What forces bring persistent and rapid expansion of real GDP? What causes inflation? Why do we have business cycles? How

More information

Final Exam Spring 2003

Final Exam Spring 2003 15.433 Investments Final Exam Spring 2003 Name: Result: Total: 40 points: 40 Instructions: This test has 35 questions. You can use a calculator and a cheat sheet. Each question may have multiple parts

More information

Practice Questions for Midterm II

Practice Questions for Midterm II Finance 333 Investments Practice Questions for Midterm II Winter 2004 Professor Yan 1. The market portfolio has a beta of a. 0. *b. 1. c. -1. d. 0.5. By definition, the beta of the market portfolio is

More information

Answer Key to Midterm

Answer Key to Midterm Econ 121 Money and Banking Instructor: Chao Wei Answer Key to Midterm Provide a brief and concise answer to each question. Clearly label each answer. There are 50 points on the exam. 1. (10 points, 3 points

More information

CHAPTER 14: BOND PRICES AND YIELDS

CHAPTER 14: BOND PRICES AND YIELDS CHAPTER 14: BOND PRICES AND YIELDS 1. a. Effective annual rate on 3-month T-bill: ( 100,000 97,645 )4 1 = 1.02412 4 1 =.10 or 10% b. Effective annual interest rate on coupon bond paying 5% semiannually:

More information

Econ 202 Section 4 Final Exam

Econ 202 Section 4 Final Exam Douglas, Fall 2009 December 15, 2009 A: Special Code 00004 PLEDGE: I have neither given nor received unauthorized help on this exam. SIGNED: PRINT NAME: Econ 202 Section 4 Final Exam 1. Oceania buys $40

More information

Bonds and Yield to Maturity

Bonds and Yield to Maturity Bonds and Yield to Maturity Bonds A bond is a debt instrument requiring the issuer to repay to the lender/investor the amount borrowed (par or face value) plus interest over a specified period of time.

More information

3. You have been given this probability distribution for the holding period return for XYZ stock:

3. You have been given this probability distribution for the holding period return for XYZ stock: Fin 85 Sample Final Solution Name: Date: Part I ultiple Choice 1. Which of the following is true of the Dow Jones Industrial Average? A) It is a value-weighted average of 30 large industrial stocks. )

More information

These are some practice questions for CHAPTER 23. Each question should have a single answer. But be careful. There may be errors in the answer key!

These are some practice questions for CHAPTER 23. Each question should have a single answer. But be careful. There may be errors in the answer key! These are some practice questions for CHAPTER 23. Each question should have a single answer. But be careful. There may be errors in the answer key! 67. Public saving is equal to a. net tax revenues minus

More information

Econ 202 H01 Final Exam Spring 2005

Econ 202 H01 Final Exam Spring 2005 Econ202Final Spring 2005 1 Econ 202 H01 Final Exam Spring 2005 1. Which of the following tends to reduce the size of a shift in aggregate demand? a. the multiplier effect b. the crowding-out effect c.

More information

EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics. EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 Solution

EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics. EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 Solution EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics EC201 Intermediate Macroeconomics Problem Set 1 Solution 1) Given the difference between Gross Domestic Product and Gross National Product for a given economy: a) Provide

More information

The labour market, I: real wages, productivity and unemployment 7.1 INTRODUCTION

The labour market, I: real wages, productivity and unemployment 7.1 INTRODUCTION 7 The labour market, I: real wages, productivity and unemployment 7.1 INTRODUCTION Since the 1970s one of the major issues in macroeconomics has been the extent to which low output and high unemployment

More information

Chapter 13. Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply Analysis

Chapter 13. Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply Analysis Chapter 13. Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply Analysis Instructor: JINKOOK LEE Department of Economics / Texas A&M University ECON 203 502 Principles of Macroeconomics In the short run, real GDP and

More information

CHAPTER 10 BOND PRICES AND YIELDS

CHAPTER 10 BOND PRICES AND YIELDS CHAPTER 10 BOND PRICES AND YIELDS 1. a. Catastrophe bond. Typically issued by an insurance company. They are similar to an insurance policy in that the investor receives coupons and par value, but takes

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Study Questions 5 (Money) MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The functions of money are 1) A) medium of exchange, unit of account,

More information

The Tangent or Efficient Portfolio

The Tangent or Efficient Portfolio The Tangent or Efficient Portfolio 1 2 Identifying the Tangent Portfolio Sharpe Ratio: Measures the ratio of reward-to-volatility provided by a portfolio Sharpe Ratio Portfolio Excess Return E[ RP ] r

More information

BADM 527, Fall 2013. Midterm Exam 2. Multiple Choice: 3 points each. Answer the questions on the separate bubble sheet. NAME

BADM 527, Fall 2013. Midterm Exam 2. Multiple Choice: 3 points each. Answer the questions on the separate bubble sheet. NAME BADM 527, Fall 2013 Name: Midterm Exam 2 November 7, 2013 Multiple Choice: 3 points each. Answer the questions on the separate bubble sheet. NAME 1. According to classical theory, national income (Real

More information

With lectures 1-8 behind us, we now have the tools to support the discussion and implementation of economic policy.

With lectures 1-8 behind us, we now have the tools to support the discussion and implementation of economic policy. The Digital Economist Lecture 9 -- Economic Policy With lectures 1-8 behind us, we now have the tools to support the discussion and implementation of economic policy. There is still great debate about

More information

PRESENT DISCOUNTED VALUE

PRESENT DISCOUNTED VALUE THE BOND MARKET Bond a fixed (nominal) income asset which has a: -face value (stated value of the bond) - coupon interest rate (stated interest rate) - maturity date (length of time for fixed income payments)

More information

Macroeconomics, Fall 2007 Exam 3, TTh classes, various versions

Macroeconomics, Fall 2007 Exam 3, TTh classes, various versions Name: _ Days/Times Class Meets: Today s Date: Macroeconomics, Fall 2007 Exam 3, TTh classes, various versions Read these Instructions carefully! You must follow them exactly! I) On your Scantron card you

More information

Answers to Review Questions

Answers to Review Questions Answers to Review Questions 1. The real rate of interest is the rate that creates an equilibrium between the supply of savings and demand for investment funds. The nominal rate of interest is the actual

More information

CHAPTER 5: MEASURING GDP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

CHAPTER 5: MEASURING GDP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH CHAPTER 5: MEASURING GDP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH Learning Goals for this Chapter: To know what we mean by GDP and to use the circular flow model to explain why GDP equals aggregate expenditure and aggregate

More information

Risk and Return in the Canadian Bond Market

Risk and Return in the Canadian Bond Market Risk and Return in the Canadian Bond Market Beyond yield and duration. Ronald N. Kahn and Deepak Gulrajani (Reprinted with permission from The Journal of Portfolio Management ) RONALD N. KAHN is Director

More information

MONEY, INTEREST, REAL GDP, AND THE PRICE LEVEL*

MONEY, INTEREST, REAL GDP, AND THE PRICE LEVEL* Chapter 11 MONEY, INTEREST, REAL GDP, AND THE PRICE LEVEL* The Demand for Topic: Influences on Holding 1) The quantity of money that people choose to hold depends on which of the following? I. The price

More information

Rate of Return. Reading: Veronesi, Chapter 7. Investment over a Holding Period

Rate of Return. Reading: Veronesi, Chapter 7. Investment over a Holding Period Rate of Return Reading: Veronesi, Chapter 7 Investment over a Holding Period Consider an investment in any asset over a holding period from time 0 to time T. Suppose the amount invested at time 0 is P

More information

PRACTICE- Unit 6 AP Economics

PRACTICE- Unit 6 AP Economics PRACTICE- Unit 6 AP Economics Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The term liquid asset means: A. that the asset is used in a barter exchange.

More information