# A = P [ (1 + r/n) nt 1 ] (r/n)

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1 April Annuities, Stocks and Bonds ---- Systematic Savings Annuity = sequence of equal payments made at equal time periods i.e. depositing \$1000 at the end of every year into an IRA Value of an annuity = the sum of all the deposits plus all interest paid. A = P [ (1 + r/n) nt 1 ] (r/n) Where A = future value, P = deposit made at the end of each compounding period, n = # of times compounded per year, t = # of years, r = annual interest rate

2 At age 25, to save for retirement, you decide to deposit \$75 at the end of each month in an IRA that pays 6.5% interest compounded monthly. a) How much \$ will be in the IRA at age 65? b) How much of the \$ in the IRA is interest?

3 You would like \$4000 in 4 years for a special vacation. You make deposits every 6 months in an annuity that pays 7% compounding semi-annually. a) How much (to the nearest \$) should you deposit at the end of every 6 months to meet your goal? b) How much of the \$4000 is deposits and how much is interest?

4 Investments Cash investments:

5 Reading Stock Tables Daily newspapers and online services give current stock prices and other information about stocks. 52-week high refers to the highest price at which a company traded during the past 52 weeks. 52-week low refers to the lowest price at which a company traded during the past 52 weeks. Stock refers to the company name. SYM refers to the symbol the company uses for trading. Div refers to dividends paid per share to stockholders last year. Yld% stands for percent yield. Vol100s stands for sales volume in hundreds. Section 8.4

6 Reading Stock Tables Hi stands for the highest price at which the company s stock traded yesterday. Low stands for the lowest price at which the company s stock traded yesterday. Close stands for the price at which shares traded when the stock exchanged closed yesterday. Net Chg stands for net change. PE stands for the price-to-earnings ratio. PE ratio Yesterday's closing price per share Annualearnings per share Section 8.4

7 52-week High Low Stock SYM Div Yld % PE Vol 100s Hi Lo Close Disney DIS Net Chg

8 52-week High Low Stock SYM Div Yld % PE Vol 100s Hi Lo Close Disney DIS Net Chg

9 8.5 Installment Loan, Amortization and Credit Cards Fixed Installment Loans -- (car, school, house) A loan that has a schedule of paying a fixed amount each period for the entire term of the loan. You need to be able to determine the Amount financed (cash price down payment), the total installment price (monthly payments + down payment), and the finance charge ( the total installment price cash price). A new car costs \$ You finance the car by paying \$280 down and \$315 per month for 60 months. a) What is the amount financed? b) What is the total installment price? c) What is the finance charge?

10 So what interest rate did you pay? 1) Compute the finance charge per \$100 2) Look in Table: find row for # payments and find dollar amount closest to answer above.

11 Some fixed loans can be paid off early with no penalty this reduces the interest you pay (unearned interest)

12 Back to our car example: \$280 down, \$315 per month for 60 months. You decide to pay off car at the 24 th payment. a) Use the actuarial method to determine interest saved b) What is the payoff amount?

13 Back to our car example: \$280 down, \$315 per month for 60 months. You decide to pay off car at the 24 th payment. a) Use the Rule of 78 to determine interest saved b) What is the payoff amount?

14 Open-end Installment Loans --- Credit Cards --- revolving credit Interest is computed using the Simple Interest Formula I = P r t where r is the monthly interest rate! Three methods to calculate monthly interest: For all three methods, I = Prt, where r is the monthly rate and t is one month. Unpaid balance method: The principal, P, is the balance on the first day of the billing period less payments and credits. Previous balance method: The principal, P, is the unpaid balance on the first day of the billing period. Average daily balance method: The principle, P, is the average daily balance. This is determined by adding the unpaid balances for each day in the billing period and dividing by the number of days in the billing period.

15 A credit cards has a monthly rate of 1.8% (the APR is 1.8*12 = 21.6%). The January 1 January 31 itemized billing is as follows: January 1 unpaid balance of \$6800 January 8 payment of \$500 received No purchases or cash advances were made Payment due date is February 9.

16 Discuss Amortization payments for fixed loans (car/home) divided between interest and principal and proportion to each changes during the life of the loan. Chap specifically amortization of home loans

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