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1 mathematics College Algebra Geometry Trigonometry Sample Test Questions A Guide for Students and Parents act.org/compass

3 ACT Compass Mathematics Tests The ACT Compass Mathematics Tests are organized around five principal content domains: numerical skills/pre-algebra, algebra, college algebra, geometry, and trigonometry. To ensure variety in the content and complexity of items within each domain, ACT Compass includes mathematics items of three general levels of cognitive complexity: basic skills, application, and analysis. A basic skills item can be solved by performing a sequence of basic operations. An application item involves applying sequences of basic operations to novel settings or in complex ways. An analysis item requires students to demonstrate a conceptual understanding of the principles and relationships relevant to particular mathematical operations. Items in each of the content domains sample extensively from these three cognitive levels. Students are permitted to use calculators on all current versions of ACT Compass Mathematics Tests. Calculators must, however, meet ACT specifications, which are the same for ACT Compass and the ACT college readiness assessment. These specifications are updated periodically and can be found at actstudent.org/faq/calculator.html. 014 ACT, Inc. All rights reserved. 1

4 COLLEGE ALGEBRA, GEOMETRY, AND TRIGONOMETRY PLACEMENT TEST SAMPLE QUESTIONS College Algebra, Geometry, and Trigonometry Placement Tests College Algebra Placement Test Items in the College Algebra Test focus on algebra knowledge and skills in a variety of content areas. The majority of items come from the following content areas: Functions Exponents Complex Numbers Arithmetic and Geometric Sequences and Series Matrices (basic operations, equations, and determinants) Sample items for each of these categories are presented later in this section. Geometry Placement Test Primary content areas included in the Geometry Placement Test include: Triangles (perimeter, area, Pythagorean theorem, etc.) Circles (perimeter, area, arcs, etc.) Angles (supplementary, complementary, adjacent, vertical, etc.) Rectangles (perimeter, area, etc.) Three-dimensional concepts Hybrid (composite) shapes Sample items for each of these categories are presented later in this section. Trigonometry Placement Test The primary content areas assessed by the Trigonometry Placement Test include: Trigonometric functions and identities Right-triangle trigonometry Trigonometric equations and inequalities Graphs of trigonometric functions Special angles (multiples of 30 and 45 degrees) Sample items for each of these categories are presented later in this section. 014 ACT, Inc. All rights reserved.

5 COLLEGE college algebra ALGEBRA Placement PLACEMENT TEST test sample SAMPLE questions QUESTIONS College Algebra 1. What is the next term in the geometric sequence 16, 4, 1, 1 4,? A. 1 8 B. 0 C D. 1 8 E. 1. A manufacturing company processes raw ore. The number of tons of refined material the company can produce during t days using Process A is A(t) = t + t and using Process B is B(t) = 10t. The company has only 7 days to process ore and must choose 1 of the processes. What is the maximum output of refined material, in tons, for this time period? A. 8 B. 10 C. 51 D. 63 E For the functions, f(x) and g(x), tables of values are shown below. What is the value of g(f(3))? x f(x) x g(x) A. 5 B. 3 C. 1 D. E ACT, Inc. All All rights reserved. 13

6 college algebra College Placement Algebra Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items 4. For positive real numbers x, y, and z, which of the following expressions is equivalent 1 5 to x y3z 6? 3 A. 3 xyz 5 B. 6 xyz 3 5 C. 6 x yz D. 6 x yz 11 5 E. xyz 5. If A = and B = 4 6 0, then A B =? A B C D E Listed below are 5 functions, each denoted g(x) and each involving a real number constant c > 1. If f(x) = x, which of these 5 functions yields the greatest value for f(g(x)), for all x > 1? A. g(x) = cx B. g(x) = c x C. g(x) = x c D. g(x) = x c E. g(x) = log c x 7. If the function f satisfies the equation f(x + y) = f(x) + f(y) for every pair of real numbers x and y, what are the possible values of f(0)? A. Any real number B. Any positive real number C. 0 and 1 only D. 1 only E. 0 only ACT, Inc. All All rights reserved. 4

7 college algebra College Placement Algebra Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items 8. The imaginary number i is defined such that i = 1. What does i + i + i 3 + L + i 3 equal? A. i B. i C. 1 D. E In an arithmetic series, the terms of the series are equally spread out. For example, in , consecutive terms are 4 apart. If the first term in an arithmetic series is 3, the last term is 136, and the sum is 1,390, what are the first 3 terms? A. 3, 10, 17 B. 3, 3, 43 C. 3, 36 1, 70 3 D. 3, 69 1, 136 E. 3, 139, 1, ACT, Inc. All All rights reserved. 35

8 ANSWERS TO college algebra College Placement Algebra Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items Correct Answers for Sample College Algebra Questions Item # Correct Answer Content Category 1 C Arithmetic and Geometric Sequences and Series E Functions 3 B Functions 4 D Exponents 5 E Matrices (basic operations, equations, and determinants) 6 A Functions 7 E Functions 8 C Complex Numbers 9 A Arithmetic and Geometric Sequences and Series ACT, Inc. All All rights reserved. 46

9 geometry Placement Geometry Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items Geometry 1. In the figure below, line m is parallel to line n, and line t is a transversal crossing both m and n. Which of the following lists has 3 angles that are all equal in measure? t a b c d e m n A. a, b, d B. a, c, d C. a, c, e D. b, c, d E. b, c, e. As shown in the figure below, ABC is isosceles with the length of AB equal to the length of AC. The measure of A is 40 and points B, C, and D are collinear. What is the measure of ACD? A 40 A. 70 B. 80 C. 110 D. 140 E. 160 B C D ACT, ACT, Inc. All Inc. rights All rights reserved. reserved. 7 5

10 geometry Placement Geometry Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items 3. The diagram below shows a pasture which is fenced in. All but 1 section of fence run straight north-south or east-west. Consecutive fence posts are 10 feet apart except for the 1 diagonal section. Which of the following statements best describes P, the perimeter of the pasture, in feet? N W E pasture S A. P > 10 B. P = 10 C. P < 10 D. P > 30 E. P = A person had a rectangular-shaped garden with sides of lengths 16 feet and 9 feet. The garden was changed into a square design with the same area as the original rectangular-shaped garden. How many feet in length are each of the sides of the new square-shaped garden? A. 7 B. 9 C. 1 D. 5 7 E In the figure below, ABC is a right triangle. The length of AB is 6 units and the length of CB is 3 units. What is the length, in units, of AC? A 6 A. 5 B. 3 3 C D. 3 5 E. 3 6 C 3 B ACT, ACT, Inc. All Inc. rights All rights reserved. reserved. 8 6

11 geometry Placement Geometry Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items 6. If a central angle of measure 30 is subtended by a circular arc of length 6 meters, as is illustrated below, how many meters in length is the radius of the circle? 30 6 A. 36 π B. 1 5 C. π D. 36 π E A rectangular box with a base inches by 6 inches is 10 inches tall and holds 1 ounces of breakfast cereal. The manufacturer wants to use a new box with a base 3 inches by 5 inches. How many inches tall should the new box be in order to hold exactly the same volume as the original box? (Note: The volume of a rectangular box may be calculated by multiplying the area of the base by the height of the box.) A. 8 B. 9 C. 10 D. 11 E In the figure below, the circle centered at B is internally tangent to the circle centered at A. The smaller circle passes through the center of the larger circle and the length of AB is 5 units. If the smaller circle is cut out of the larger circle, how much of the area, in square units, of the larger circle will remain? A 5 B A. 10π B. 5π C. 75π D. 100π E. 300π ACT, ACT, Inc. All Inc. rights All rights reserved. reserved. 9 7

12 geometry Placement Geometry Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items 9. In the figure below, AB and CD are parallel, and lengths are given in units. What is the area, in square units, of trapezoid ABCD? A 10 B A. 36 B. 5 C. 64 D. 65 E. 104 D C 10. A 6-foot spruce tree is planted 15 feet from a lighted streetlight whose lamp is 18 feet above the ground. How many feet long is the shadow of that tree? 18 6 A. 5.0 B. 7.5 C. 7.8 D. 9.6 E ? 11. In the figure below, the lengths of DE, EF, and FG are given, in units. What is the area, in square units, of DEG? G 10 A. 9 B C. 60 D E. 10 D 1 E 7 F ACT, ACT, Inc. All Inc. rights All rights reserved. reserved. 10 8

13 ANSWERS TO geometry Placement Geometry Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items Correct Answers for Sample Geometry Questions Item Number Correct Answer Content Category 1 A Special Angles C Isosceles Triangles 3 A Perimeter of Hybrid Shapes 4 C Area of Rectangles 5 B Triangles 6 D Arc of a Circle 7 A Three-Dimensional Concepts 8 C Area of a Circle 9 B Area of a Trapezoid 10 B Similar Triangles 11 C Area of a Triangle ACT, ACT, Inc. All Inc. rights All rights reserved. reserved. 11 9

14 TRIGONOMETRY Trigonometry Placement Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items Trigonometry 1. In the right triangle shown below, the length of AB is 8 units, A measures 60, sin , cos , and tan Approximately how many units long is BC, to the nearest hundredth of a unit? B 8 A B C D E. 9.3 A 60 C. If sin α = 1, and cos α = 5, then tan α =? A. 5 1 B C. 1 5 D E If 0 < x < 90 and sin x = 1, then cos x =? A. 1 B. 3 C. D. 3 3 E ACT, by Inc. ACT, All Inc. rights All reserved. rights reserved. 110

15 TRIGONOMETRY Trigonometry Placement Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items 4. From a hot air balloon, the angle between a radio antenna straight below and the base of the library downtown is 57, as shown below. If the distance between the radio antenna and the library is 1.3 miles, how many miles high is the balloon? balloon? 57 antenna library 1.3 miles A. 1.3 sin 57 B. 1.3 cos57 C. 1.3 tan 57 D. 1.3 sin 57 E. 1.3 tan What is the smallest positive value for x where y = sin x reaches its maximum? A. π 4 B. π C. 3π D. π E. 5π ACT, by Inc. ACT, All Inc. rights All reserved. rights reserved. 1311

16 TRIGONOMETRY Trigonometry Placement Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items 6. One of the graphs below is that of y = A sin θ for θ between 0 and 6.8 radians, where A is a constant. Which one? A. y x B. y C. y x x D. y x E. y x 7. In the right triangle below, the length of AB is 13 units and the length of CB is 1 units. What is the tangent of A? A 13 C 1 B A. 1 5 B C D. 5 1 E ACT, by Inc. ACT, All Inc. rights All reserved. rights reserved. 141

17 ANSWERS TO TRIGONOMETRY Trigonometry Placement Placement test sample Test Sample questions Items Correct Answers for Sample Trigonometry Questions Item Number Correct Answer Content Category 1 D Right Triangles C Functions and Identities 3 B Special Angles 4 C Right Triangles 5 A Special Angles 6 A Graphs of Functions 7 A Right Triangle ACT, by Inc. ACT, All Inc. rights All reserved. rights reserved. 1513

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