# ALGEBRA 2/TRIGONOMETRY

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2 Part I Answer all 7 questions in this part. Each correct answer will receive credits. For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet. [54] 1 In FGH, f 6, g 9, and m H 57. Which statement can be used to determine the numerical value of h? Use this space for computations. (1) h 6 9 (9)(h) cos 57 () h 6 9 (6)(9) cos 57 (3) 6 9 h (9)(h) cos 57 (4) 9 6 h (6)(h) cos 57 The table of values below can be modeled by which equation? x y (1) f(x) x 3 (3) f(y) y 3 () f(x) x 3 (4) f(y) y 3 3 The equation log a x y where x 0 and a 1 is equivalent to (1) x y a (3) a y x () y a x (4) a x y Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 []

3 4 Which expression is equivalent to the sum of the sequence 6, 1, 0, 30? Use this space for computations. 7 n (1) 10 (3) 5n 4 n4 6 n () 3 (4) n n n3 5 n 5 n 5 An investment is earning 5% interest compounded quarterly. The equation A P ( 1 r n ) nt represents the total amount of money, A, where P is the original investment, r is the interest rate, t is the number of years, and n represents the number of times per year the money earns interest. Which graph could represent this investment over at least 50 years? Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [3] [OVER]

4 6 Which equation has real, rational, and unequal roots? (1) x 10x 5 0 () x 5x 4 0 (3) x 3x 1 0 (4) x x 5 0 Use this space for computations. 7 Which statement is true about the graphs of f and g shown below? (1) f is a relation and g is a function. () f is a function and g is a relation. (3) Both f and g are functions. (4) Neither f nor g is a function. 8 The common ratio of the sequence 1, 3 4, 9 8 is (1) 3 (3) 1 () 3 (4) 1 4 Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [4]

5 9 How many different ways can teams of four members be formed from a class of 0 students? Use this space for computations. (1) 5 (3) 4,845 () 80 (4) 116,80 10 If sin A 3 8, what is the value of cos A? (1) 9 64 () 1 4 (3) (4) When factored completely, the expression x 3 x 9x 18 is equivalent to (1) (x 9)(x ) (3) (x ) (x 3)(x 3) () (x )(x 3)(x 3) (4) (x 3) (x ) 1 When 3 i is multiplied by its conjugate, the result is (1) 13 (3) 5 () 5 (4) 13 Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [5] [OVER]

6 13 A circle with center O and passing through the origin is graphed below. Use this space for computations. What is the equation of circle O? (1) x y 5 (3) (x 4) (y ) 5 () x y 0 (4) (x 4) (y ) 0 14 Which expression is equivalent to (5 a 3 b 4 ) 1? (1) 10b 4 3 a (3) () 5b 4 3 a (4) 3 a 5b 4 a 15b 5 15 Which trigonometric expression does not simplify to 1? (1) sin x(1 cot x) (3) cos x(tan x 1) () sec x(1 sin x) (4) cot x(sec x 1) Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [6]

7 16 What is the product of 4a b and 16a b? Use this space for computations. (1) 4ab 3 a (3) 8ab 3 a () 4a b 3 3 a (4) 8a b 3 3 a 17 What is the product of the roots of 4x 5x 3? (1) () (3) 3 4 (4) How many different 11-letter arrangements are possible using the letters in the word ARRANGEMENT? (1),494,800 (3) 19,958,400 () 4,989,600 (4) 39,916, What is the third term in the expansion of (x 3) 5? (1) 70x 3 (3) 540x () 180x 3 (4) 1080x 0 Angle is in standard position and (4,0) is a point on the terminal side of. What is the value of sec? (1) 4 (3) 0 () 1 (4) undefined Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [7] [OVER]

8 1 The domain of f(x) 3 is the set of all real numbers x (1) greater than (3) except () less than (4) between and Use this space for computations. 5 Which equation could be used to solve x 3 1? x (1) x 6x 3 0 (3) x 6x 6 0 () x 6x 3 0 (4) x 6x How many distinct triangles can be constructed if m A 30, side a 34, and side b 1? (1) one acute triangle (3) two triangles () one obtuse triangle (4) none 4 The expression ( 3 x 1)( 3 x 1) ( 3 x 1) is equivalent to (1) 0 (3) 3 4 x () 3x (4) 3x Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [8]

9 5 The table below shows five numbers and their frequency of occurrence. Use this space for computations. Number Frequency The interquartile range for these data is (1) 7 (3) 7 to 1 () 5 (4) 6 to 13 6 A wheel has a radius of 18 inches. Which distance, to the nearest inch, does the wheel travel when it rotates through an angle of π radians? 5 (1) 45 (3) 13 () 3 (4) 11 7 If f(x) 4x x 1, then f(a 1) equals (1) 4a a 6 (3) 4a 7a 6 () 4a a 4 (4) 4a 7a 4 Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [9] [OVER]

10 Part II Answer all 8 questions in this part. Each correct answer will receive credits. Clearly indicate the necessary steps, including appropriate formula substitutions, diagrams, graphs, charts, etc. For all questions in this part, a correct numerical answer with no work shown will receive only 1 credit. All answers should be written in pen, except for graphs and drawings, which should be done in pencil. [16] 8 If p and q vary inversely and p is 5 when q is 6, determine q when p is equal to 30. Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [10]

11 9 Express in simplest form: x 36 x ( x 6) x 3 3x18 Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [11] [OVER]

12 30 Solve e 4x 1 algebraically for x, rounded to the nearest hundredth. Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [1]

13 31 Determine, to the nearest minute, the degree measure of an angle of 5 11 π radians. Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [13] [OVER]

14 3 The probability of Ashley being the catcher in a softball game is 5. Calculate the exact probability that she will be the catcher in exactly five of the next six games. Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [14]

15 33 If x is a real number, express xi(i 4i ) in simplest a bi form. Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [15] [OVER]

16 34 On a test that has a normal distribution of scores, a score of 57 falls one standard deviation below the mean, and a score of 81 is two standard deviations above the mean. Determine the mean score of this test. Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [16]

17 35 The area of a parallelogram is 594, and the lengths of its sides are 3 and 46. Determine, to the nearest tenth of a degree, the measure of the acute angle of the parallelogram. Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [17] [OVER]

18 Part III Answer all 3 questions in this part. Each correct answer will receive 4 credits. Clearly indicate the necessary steps, including appropriate formula substitutions, diagrams, graphs, charts, etc. For all questions in this part, a correct numerical answer with no work shown will receive only 1 credit. All answers should be written in pen, except for graphs and drawings, which should be done in pencil. [1] 36 The table below shows the amount of a decaying radioactive substance that remained for selected years after Years After 1990 (x) Amount (y) Write an exponential regression equation for this set of data, rounding all values to the nearest thousandth. Using this equation, determine the amount of the substance that remained in 00, to the nearest integer. Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [18]

19 37 Use the recursive sequence defined below to express the next three terms as fractions reduced to lowest terms. a 1 a n 3( a n1) Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [19] [OVER]

20 38 The periodic graph below can be represented by the trigonometric equation y a cos bx c where a, b, and c are real numbers. State the values of a, b, and c, and write an equation for the graph. Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [0]

21 Part IV Answer the question in this part. A correct answer will receive 6 credits. Clearly indicate the necessary steps, including appropriate formula substitutions, diagrams, graphs, charts, etc. A correct numerical answer with no work shown will receive only 1 credit. The answer should be written in pen. [6] 39 A homeowner wants to increase the size of a rectangular deck that now measures 14 feet by feet. The building code allows for a deck to have a maximum area of 800 square feet. If the length and width are increased by the same number of feet, find the maximum number of whole feet each dimension can be increased and not exceed the building code. [Only an algebraic solution can receive full credit.] Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [1] [OVER]

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23 Tear Here Tear Here Area of a Triangle K _ 1 ab sin C Functions of the Sum of Two Angles sin (A +B) sin A cos B + cos A sin B cos (A +B) cos A cos B sin A sin B tan A + tan B tan (A +B) 1 tan A tan B Functions of the Difference of Two Angles sin (A B) sin A cos B cos A sin B cos (A B) cos A cos B + sin A sin B tan A tan B tan (A B) 1 + tan A tan B Law of Sines a sin A b sin B c sin C Reference Sheet Law of Cosines a b +c bc cos A Functions of the Double Angle sin A sin A cos A cos A cos A sin A cos A cos A 1 cos A 1 sin A tan A tan A 1 tan A Functions of the Half Angle sin _ 1 A 1 cos A cos _ 1 A 1 + cos A tan _ 1 A 1 cos A 1 + cos A Sum of a Finite Arithmetic Series S n n(a 1 + a n ) Sum of a Finite Geometric Series S n a 1(1 r n ) Binomial Theorem 1 r (a + b) n n C 0 a n b 0 + n C 1 a n 1 b 1 + n C a n b n C n a 0 b n n (a + b) n nc r a n r b r r = 0 Algebra /Trigonometry January 15 [3]

24 Tear Here Tear Here

25 Tear Here Tear Here Scrap Graph Paper This sheet will not be scored.

26 Scrap Graph Paper This sheet will not be scored. Tear Here Tear Here

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28 ALGEBRA /TRIGONOMETRY Printed on Recycled Paper ALGEBRA /TRIGONOMETRY

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