& UNHCR &, 2001 & &,. -..

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "& UNHCR &, 2001 & &,. -.."

Transcription

1 & UNHCR &, 2001 & &,. -..

2 , 2001 Copyright BACKGROUND PAPER ON REFUGEES & ASYLUM SEEKERS FROM AFGHANISTAN, Geneva April /

3 ,, 4.3, , ( ) ( )

4 ( )

5 1.,, 652,225,,, , Herat, Mazar-I-Sharif Jalalabad. -.. Pashtuns 28%, Durani Ghilzais:,. Parziwans, 25%, Hazaras 19%, 6%.. - (99%). Hazaras. - Pashto., , (Loya Jirgah),. 1978,,., (People s Democratic Party of Afghanistan - PDPA). 1985, Babrak Karmal, -, , Najibullah,,, Meli Shura ( - 1 Regional Surveys of the World, The Far East and Australasia 2001, Europa Publications, 2001, p Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), Country Report Afghanistan, 8/2000, p News Service Afghanistan Country Profile, 2000 (Internet) 5

6 ) (Sena) - (Wolasi Jirgah) ,, -, Najibullah,, (mujahedins) mujahedins Burhanuddin Rabbani mujahedins Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. 1996, -, Shura, Mohammad Omar, Kandahar. Shura ( ) - Pashtuns, Mola Mohammad Omar , Burhanuddin Rabbani. - (medresas)., Pashtuns mujahedin Pashtuns , - (Shari a) 6. -,, 4 Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, Barnett R. Rubin, The Political Economy of War and Peace in Afghanistan, Council of Foreign Relations, New York, Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p

7 7. Rabbani, -,, (United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan UIFSA), «-» Jamiat-I-Islami, Hezb-e-Wahdat, Jonbesh-I-Melli Islami, Hezb-I-Islami 8. Ahmed Shah Massoud, Panjshir - Rabbani. 1996,,., -,,, -. Rabbani. (95%),, Badakshan, Panjshir Shomali.. -, Rabbani Ahmad Shah Massoud,,.,,, Pashtuns,, Shura ), , Massoud Faryab 9. 7 Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p , Keesing s Record of World Events, Vol. 45, No. 1, 1/1999 United Nations Commission for Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan Submitted by Mr. Kamal Hossain, Special Rapporteur. E/CN.4/2000/33, 1/2000, p. 9. 7

8 ,., - Ashgabat ,., 11., , Barmian,,, Bamian, , 9 -. Bamian Hezb-e-Wahdat ( - ), 1998, -. Karim Khalili., - -.,,, , - Osama Bin Laden, , 10 Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p News Service, Afghanistan: Power Sharing Agreed in Principle, Human Rights Watch, World Report Afghanistan, (Internet) 13 Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 3 rd Quarter 1999, p News Service, Afghanistan: Opposition Forces Gain, United Nations Commission for Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan Submitted by Mr. Kamal Hossain, Special Rapporteur. E/CN.4/2000/33, 1/2000, p

9 -, Bin Laden ,, - (Parvan, Kapisa, Takhar & Badakshan). Shomali : Bagram, Parvan, Charikar Kapisa, Mahmud-e-Raqi. - Massoud, Panjshir, ,.,. Taloqan, Takhar, , Kondoz, Sher Khan Bandar, Imam Saheb, Sar-e Pol, Kunar & Laghman , Mohammad Omar Kandahar 40,., Wazir Akbar Khan.,,, Omar 20. : Ariana Afghan Airlines 21. Osama Bin Laden Osama Bin Laden -, - 23., Oxford Analitica Daily Brief, United States: Taliban Stance, Regional Surveys of The World, Europa Publications, 2001, p. 71 & News Service, Taliban Renews Summer Offensive, Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p (1999) S/RES/1267 (1999), Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p News Service, UN Imposes Sanctions on Taliban,

10 , , Mohammad Omar -,, -, Ahmad Wakil Muttawakil, -, 25.,, Lakhdar Brahimi, Fransesc Vendrell (UNSMA United Nations Special Mission to Afghanistan) , Kandahar,., -, , Kashmir, Harakatul-Mujahideen ,,, Stansted -., Ismail Khan, Herat,. -., EIU Country Report Afghanistan, 2/2000, p Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p United Nations General Assembly, 45 th session. The situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/54/791, S/2000/205, EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 2/2000, p Keesing s Record of World Events, Afghanistan: Hijack of Airliner, Vol. 46, No. 2, 2/

11 Zahir Shah.. (Loya Jirga),.., Massoud 29., Fracesc Vendrell,., Vendrell, -,, -,, (Organization of Islamic Conference), , 32., Loya Jirga, - Zahir Shah 33., , , Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, p. 72 & United Nations General Assembly, 45 th session. The situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/6333, S/2000/1106, , p United Nations, Press Release, Afghanistan Talks conclude in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Agreement Reached on Prisoner Exchange, SG/SM/7288, EIU, Country Report- Afghanistan, 8/2000, p United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/6333, S/2000/1106, , p EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 2/2001, p

12 , Taloqan, Takhar Shir Khan Bandar, Kondoz, , ,, Taloqan., Massoud Herat Ismail Khan, Kandahar 39 Abdul Rashid Dostum, - (Junbeish-e-Melli-ye Islami-ye), 1991,, Pashtuns Osama Bin Laden - 35 News Service, Afghanistan : UN Workers Killings, Ibid., Afghanistan: Taliban Victory, & EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 11/2000, p United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/6333, S/2000/1106, , p UNHCR, Briefing note, Afghanistan : Heavy Fighting Uproots , O Ismail Khan 1997, - Abdul Malik. Mazar-I-Sharif, Abdul Rashid Dostum, United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/6333, S/2000/1106, , p

13 41. Osama Bin Laden Cole, 17. -, -, -, ,, Bin Laden -. Bin Laden -, Yakawlag Hazarajat, Hezb-e-Wahdat. -, , Badakshan., 2001, Takhar 2001., ,, Bamian, - Yakawlag. -, Bamian 47., - 41, -, ,. Reuters News Agency, E. Leopold, New Sanctions against Taliban Split United Nations, United Nations Security Council, Resolution 1333 (2000), S/RES/1333 (2000), EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 2/2001, p United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55.633, S/2000/1106, , p EIU Country Report Afghanistan, 2/2001, p. 33 United Nations, Press Release, Secretary General Very Concerned about Reports of Civilians Deliberately Targeted and Killed in Afghanistan, SG/SM/7865, EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 2/2001, p Human Rights Watch, Massacres of Hazaras in Afghanistan, , p. 2 Agence France Presse (AFP), Afghan Opposition, Taliban Clash Close to Bamian City, (Internet). 13

14 Panj,, -., Panj. -, , , 49., , Jalababad 50. Fransesc Vendrell, , Vendrell ,, ,,,. Ashgabat, , BBC Monitoring Outline, Tajik-Afghan Clashes, Growing Tension in Border Area, Refugees Flee Fighting 1 Kilometre from Tajik Afgjan Border, (Internet). 49 EIU Country Report- Afghanistan, 2/2001, p BBC Monitoring Outline, Bomb Rock Pakistani Consulate in Jalalababad, Afghan Islamic Press, (Internet). 51 :,,,, -,,. United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/633, S/2000/1106, , p Keesing s Record of World Events, Afghanistan: Imposition of UN Sanctions, Vol. 46, No. 12, 12/

15 Mohammad Omar -,, -. 2 Bamian Hezb-e-Wahdat. -, -, , - 25%, 700$.,, -., -. :,,., - 54., -, , Kenzo Oshima AFP Taliban Offer Peace Talks: Opposition Faction, (Internet). 54 Barnett R. Rubin, The Political Economy of War and Peace in Afghanistan, Council of Foreign Relations, New York, EIU, Country Report-Afghanistan, 2/2001, p United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Vulnerability and Humanitarian Impact of UN Security Council Sanctions in Afghanistan,

16 , , 65%, 30% %. 40. Action contre la Faim, 48% - 20%. (WFP) Panjshir, Massoud.,., ,, - 61.,, Panjshir Shomali , -, 57 United Nations Security Council, Report of the Secretary General on the Humanitarian Implications of the Measures Imposed by the Security Council Resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1333 (20000) on Afghanistan, S/2001/241, OCHA, UN Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal for Afghanistan 2001, EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 2/2001, p Ibid, 8/2000, p Freedom House, Freedom in the World :Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet). 62 EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 2/

17 . 64., (fatwa). (UNDCP United Nations Drug Control Programme) %. 1/3 -. UNDCP , Abdul Wakil Muttawakil Massoud,,, , Mashad 68., ,. / Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p , 2000 : ), ), ), ) ) -. United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/633, S/2001/1106, , p EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 2/2001, p Ibid., 11/2000, p Ibid. 17

18 ,.,, -, - 69., , , , Shamshatoo ( ) Jalozai ( ) - Peshawar:, -., - 73., , - Abdul Sattar , United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, Interim Report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission of Human Rights on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, A/55/346, , p. 10 Amnesty International, Annual Report, Afghanistan, UNHCR, Refugee Daily, Ibid., Briefing Note, Pakistan: Afghan Border Reported Closed, US Committee for Refugees, Afghan in Crisis, , p , Takhar Parvan,. Pashtuns,. Pashtuns, Pashtuns. US Committee for Refugees, Afghans in Crisis, Kathy Gannon, UN Chief Sees Grim Plight of Afghan Refugees, Associated Press,

19 ,,. -, Herat , 76. Mazar-I-Sharif,, Takhar Badakshan, 77. / ,, -. Massoud, Mohammad Habeel, -. Habeel Badakshan , $, , -, -,., Erick de Mul US Committee for Refugees, Afghans in Crisis, , p EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 2/2001, p. 34, US Committee for Refugees, Afghans in Crisis, 2/2/2001, p.4 Kathy Gannon, UN Chief Sees Grim Plight of Afghan Refugees, Associated Press, UNHCR, Refugee Daily, News Service, Afghanistan: Refugee Deaths, United Nations, Press Release, Secretary-General, 2/

20 ,., -,, , ,,,. ( -,, ) -., ,, -, 84.,,, -.,. - -,,,, AFP, 500 Children Starve in Afghanistan: Taliban, (Internet). 82 European Platform for Conflict Prevention and Transformation, Afghanistan: Endless War in a Fragmented Society, 1/1999 (Internet). 83 Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p Ibid. 20

21 85., (Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan IMU),, - «,» 87. -,, , , ,,, -,, -, -, -., European Platform for Conflict Prevention and Transformation, Afghanistan: Endless War in a Fragmented Society, 1/1999 (Internet). 86 United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/633, S/2000/1106, , p International Crisis Group (ICG), Recent Violence in Central Asia: Causes and Consequences, Central Asia/Brussels, Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p. 73.,,, - Uighur. Reuters News Agency, Evelyn Leopold, New Sanctions Against Taliban Split United Nations, EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 2/

22 , -.,,, 90., -,,,. -.,. Osama bin Laden bin Laden 91. -,., , , Mazar-I-Sharif, -.., - 94., , Mohammed Omar -, - Jalalabad Herat , - 90 EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 11/2000, p Oxford Analytica Daily Brief, United States: Taliban Stance, Ibid. 93 Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p Ibid. 95 Ibid EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 11/2000, p

23 .,, Mohammad Nawaz Sharif., ,, Abdur Razzaq -,, -. 18, $ (Meeting on Interactive and Trust Measures in Asia MITMA ),.,, -,,,,, -, , Kamal Hossein 1999., , Rakhika Coomaraswamy. 2000, Sadako Ogata Herat , 96 United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/633, S/2000/1106, , p EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 5/

24 - 98., -., 1214 (1998), ,, -.,, -,, shuras ( ).,, -,,,, : - (1948) - (1965) (1966) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) , ( ) (1966) (1984) (1989) : UNHCR/CDR - REFWORLD, : 98 UNHCR, UN Refugee Chief to Raise Human Rights Issues with Afghanistan s Taliban, United Nations Security Council, Resolution 1214 (1998), United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/633, S/2000/1106, , p

25 , (1954), (1961), Apartheid (1973), (1999), -, (2000). 3.2, , -, Shari a. ( ). -, Shura, Kandahar Mohammad Omar. Shura,, :. -,, Sunnah Hanfi 103. :. - Pashtuns. -., -, -,., UNHCR / CDR Refworld Database, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/2001/43, 2/2001 Amnesty International, Annual Report Afghanistan, 1/6/2000 USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, 26/2/2001 (Internet). 103 Amnesty International, Annual Report Afghanistan, (Internet). 25

26 , -..,,, , , -.,,. 106.,, , -, ,, -. -.,, ,. -,,,, -, Freedom House, Freedom in the World : Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet). 105 Amnesty International, Executions in Panhshir, (Internet). 106 European Platform for Conflict Prevention and Transformation, Afghanistan: Endless War in a Fragmented Society, 1/1999 (Internet). 107 United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/633, S/2000/1106, , p Amnesty International, Annual Report Afghanistan, (Internet). 26

27 ( 2001) «. -, -, [ ]. -,, -,,,» ,, Pashtuns,, Pashtuns -,, ,,... purdah Mohammad Omar 113., , United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Resolution on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/RES/1999/9, ibid. E/CN.4/RES/2000/18, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/2001/43, 2/ Abbas Faiz. Amnesty International, Regional Surveys of the World, Europa Publications, 2001, p EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 2/2001, p Human Rights Watch, World Report 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet) 27

28 ,,,,,, , -, -, -., -. -, «-», ,, -, ,, -,, -,, 120., , 1998 Mazar-I- 115 USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet). 116 Amnesty International, Iran: Are Returning Afghan Refugees Properly Protected? (Internet). 117 United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/393, S/2000/ , p Amnesty International, Iran : Are Returning Afghan Refugees Properly Protected?, (Internet). 119 UNHCR, UN Refugee Chief to Raise Human Rights Issues with Afghanistan s Taliban, Human Rights Watch, World Report 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet). 28

29 Sharif 121. Mazar-I-Sharif, , ,, ,., 123. Barmian, - Hezb-e-Wahdat,, Hezb-e-Wahdat, -,, , 200 Shiber Barmian , Hezb-e-Wahdat 30 Barmian Shomali, Massoud, -., -,, , , Taloqan, Charikar, Nahreen Jabal-as Saraf,, , K fi Annan 121 United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Resolution on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/RES/1999/9, EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 4 th Quarter Ibid., 2/ Human Rights Watch, World Report 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet). 125 Amnesty International, Annual Report Afghanistan, (Internet). 126 United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/2000/33, , p Freedom House, Freedom in the World : Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet). 128 USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet). 29

30 Yakawlang ,,. -. -,. -, Panjshir, Massoud, , Abdullah Jan Wahedi, Hezb-e Islami Massoud. -., -, ,, -, -.,. Massoud , Mohammad Omar, United Nations Press Release, Secretary General Very Concerned About Reports of Civilians Deliberately Targeted and Killed in Afghanistan, SG/SM/7865, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/2001/43, 2/2001, pp Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, 1994 Dostum Rabbani, Massoud. 132 Amnesty International, Execution in Panjshir, (Internet). 133 Amnesty International, Annual Report Afghanistan, (Internet). 134 Amnesty International, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, , (Internet). 30

31 , ,,,, ,, , -., , -,,, -.. -, ,, ,, , Herat, Ismail Khan, United Nations General Assembly, 55 th session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/633, S/2000/1106, , p USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet). 137 Human Rights Watch, Massacres of Hazzaras in Afghanistan, , p USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet). 139 Freedom House, Freedom in the World : Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet) Amnesty International, Iran: Are Returning Afghan Refugees Properly Protected? (Internet) 140 Amnesty International, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment, (Internet). 141 Freedom House, Freedom in the World : Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet). 31

32 Kandahar : Massoud 143..,. -., Kandahar, Herat, Kabul, Jalalabad, Mazar-I-Sharif, Pul-I-Khumri, Shibarghan, Qala-e-Zaini Maimana Panjshir Faizabad. Badakhshan Kandahar Massoud, ,. -, -. Taloqan :. - -,, 142 United Nations General Assembly, Interim Report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, A/55/346, , p USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet). 144 Amnesty International, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, (Internet). 145 USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet) 32

33 Shomali 1999 Taloqan , 146., % ,.., 50%. -. (Shari a),, , , Mohammad Omar USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet) 147 Ibid. 148 Freedom House, Freedom in the World : Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet) 149 USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet) 150 Human Rights Watch World Report 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet) 151 United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/2001/43, 2/2001, p

34 4.6. -,,. - Voice of Shariat, , , -, , , , BBC, BBC Feyzabad Freedom House, Freedom in the World : Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet) 153 Reports Without Borders, Afghanistan: The Taliban and the Media, 9/ United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/2001/43, 2/2001, p USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet) 156 United Nations General Assembly, Interim Report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, A/55/346, , p BBC Monitoring Online, Russian TV Reports Closure of BBC Office in Afghanistan, (Internet). 158 Freedom House, Freedom in the World : Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet) 34

35 ,. -, , -.,, ,, ,, Kenzo Oshima,,, «- [ ] -». 5., - -,., 159 Ibid. 160 USDOS, Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet). 161 United Nations General Assembly, 55 th Session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/633, S/2000/1106, , p

36 Pashtuns,, Pashtuns,,,,,, Human Rights Watch Abdul Ahad Karzai, Peshawar Peshawar Arif Khan, Kondoz. -. Arif Khan, mujahidin ( ) Massoud Mohammad Bashir Baghlani, Baghlan Abdullah Jan Wahidi, - Laghman, Abbas Faiz,, United Nations General Assembly, 55 th Session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/633, S/2000/1106, , p Human Rights Watch, World Report 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet) 165 Amnesty International, Human Rights Defenders in Afghanistan: Civil Society Destroyed, (Internet) 166 Freedom House, Freedom in the World : Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet) 167 Middle East International, Trouble for the Taliban,

37 . - Bamian, Maulawi Islam (National Islamic Council of Afghan People for Peace), Peshawar, mujahidin» , - - ( Panjshir, Massoud Faryab), Pashtuns, - Pashtun. 1999, -, ,, - Sarsashi Jalalabad, Panjshir United Nations General Assembly, 55 th Session, The Situation in Afghanistan and its Implications for International Peace and Security, Report of the Secretary General, A/55/633, S/2000/1106, , p EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 11/2000, p European Platform for Conflict Prevention and Transformation, Afghanistan: Endless War in a Fragmented Society, 1/1999 (Internet) 171 Human Rights Watch, Massacres of Hazaras in Afghanistan, , p

38 1999, 172., Kamal Hussain, 2000 Dadallah Samangan.. -, , , Takhar & Parvan,. Pashtuns,. «-» Pashtuns, Pashtuns ,, Pashtuns Herat , Hazarajat. Mazar-I-Sharif. -, Ali, -,. -., 172 Amnesty International, Annual Report Afghanistan, (Internet) Human Rights Watch, World Report Afghanistan, (Internet) 173 United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/2001, 2/2001, p Amnesty International, Annual Report Afghanistan, (Internet) 175 US Committee for Refugees, Afghans in Crisis, United Nations General Assembly, Interim Report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, A/55/346, , p

39 , ,,., , -, Hezb-e-Wahdat, -. Hazarajat, Hezb-e-Wahdat. Hazarajat, Yakawlanfg Hazarajat. Hezb-e-Wahdat, , -, Hezb-e-Wahdat Human Rights Watch , 2000, Robatak, Baghlan Samangan, Hazara Mazari.,,. Baghlan Human Rights Watch, Massacres of Hazaras in Afghanistan, , p.3. - Sayyids, 5% Hazarajat. Sayyids,..Chris Johnson, Hazarajat Baseline Stury: Interim Report, 3/2000, pp Amnesty International, Summary Execution of Civilians in Yakawlang, (Internet) 179 United Nations, Press Release, Secretary General Very Concerned about Reports of Civilians Deliberately Targeted and Killed in Afghanistan, SG/SM/7865, Amnesty International, Summary Execution of Civilians in Yakawlang, (Internet). 181 Human Rights Watch, Massacres of Hazaras in Afghanistan, , pp

40 182. Yakawlang - -. Mohammad Omar -. Human Rights Watch Hazarajat Hezb-e-Wahdat Karim Khalili,, Harakat-e-Islami ( ) :, -, ,, ( - burqa ) (mahram) 186., - purdah,, ,, -.,., Ibid. 183 O Shahzad Kandahari Khinjan, Baghlan Khinjan Pul-I-Khumri Robatak. Shahzad Human Rights Watch, Massacres of Hazaras in Afghanistan, , p United Nations Commission on The Status of Women, Follow-up and Implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, The Situation of Women and Girls in Afghanistan, Report of the Secretary General, E/CN.6/2001/2/Add.1, Amnesty International, Annual Report Afghanistan, (Internet). 186 Human Rights Watch, World Report 2000 Afghanistan, (Internet) 40

41 ,,, : , Dushanbe «-»., - Taloqan., Peshawar , , Mohammad Omar EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 8/2000, p United Nations, Commission on Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/2001/43, 2/2001, pp EIU, Country Report Afghanistan, 8/2000, pp Freedom House, Freedom in the World : Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet) 191 United Nations General Assembly, Interim Report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, A/55/346, , p Freedom House, Freedom in the World : Afghanistan, 2000 (Internet). 41

42 ,., -, , «-,,» ,, Rakhika Coomaraswamy - «-». -,, ,, , -,, 193 United Nations General Assembly, Interim Report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, A/55/346, , p United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Resolution on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/RES/1999/9, ibid., E/CN.4/RES/2000/18, United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, Resolution 1999/14 on the Situation of Women and Girls in Afghanistan, E/CN.4/Sub.2/RES/1999/14, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, E/CN.4/2000/68/ Add United Nations Security Council, Statement by the President of the Security Council, S/PRST/2000/12, United Nations Economic and Social Council, Resolution 2000/9,

43 . -,,,, , Mary MacMakin, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Support for Afghanistan, -,. MacMakin (People s Democratic Party of Afghanistan - PDPA)., -, -, -, Mohammad Omar , , , (.,,, ), - -,, 199 United Nations Commission on the Status of Women, 45 th Session, Resolution on Discrimination of Women and Girls in Afghanistan, News Service, Afghanistan: Taliban Arrests, Frees US Aid Worker, Amnesty International, Annual Report Afghanistan, (Internet). 43

Writenet Paper No. 14/2002 : & - Oliver Roy. e-mail: writenet@gn.apc.org ISSN 1020-8429

Writenet Paper No. 14/2002 : & - Oliver Roy. e-mail: writenet@gn.apc.org ISSN 1020-8429 . Writenet Paper No. 14/2002 : & - Oliver Roy (CNRS), 2003 Writenet, -. Practical Management (UK). e-mail: writenet@gn.apc.org,... Writenet.. ISSN 1020-8429 . 1. 3 2. 3 2.1 : ; 3 2.2.. 6 3. :. 8 3.1 Pashtun.

More information

& UNHCR &, 2000 - & &,.. - -.

& UNHCR &, 2000 - & &,.. - -. & UNHCR &, 2000 - & &,.. - -. , 2000 Copyright BACKGROUND PAPER ON REFUGEES & ASYLUM SEEKERS FROM PAKISTAN, Geneva, March 2000. 23,, 154 52. 67 26 462 67 26 296 / 67 26 417 2 1. 4 2. (1998-2000). 4 9 11

More information

AFGHANISTAN. CRISIS OF IMPUNITY The Role of Pakistan, Russia, and Iran in Fueling the Civil War

AFGHANISTAN. CRISIS OF IMPUNITY The Role of Pakistan, Russia, and Iran in Fueling the Civil War July 2001 AFGHANISTAN CRISIS OF IMPUNITY The Role of Pakistan, Russia, and Iran in Fueling the Civil War Vol. 13, No. 3 (C) I. SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS...3 International Sponsors...4 Policy Developments...4

More information

Presidential Approval Rating

Presidential Approval Rating Presidential Approval Rating January 6, 2015 Findings 1. How satisfied are you with President Ashraf Ghani s performance? 9 7 5 3 27.5%! 30.4%! 32. 1 10. Very!sa4sfied! Moderately! sa4sfied! Not!sa4sfied!

More information

Security Council. United Nations S/2008/434

Security Council. United Nations S/2008/434 United Nations S/2008/434 Security Council Distr.: General 3 July 2008 Original: English Special report of the Secretary-General pursuant to Security Council resolution 1806 (2008) on the United Nations

More information

War in Afghanistan (2001 present)

War in Afghanistan (2001 present) War in Afghanistan (2001 present) 1 War in Afghanistan (2001 present) The War in Afghanistan began on October 7, 2001, [1] as the armed forces of the United States and the United Kingdom, and the Afghan

More information

- Safety of journalists -

- Safety of journalists - - Safety of journalists - Recommendations by Reporters Without Borders Various UN bodies have adopted resolutions in the past eight years including Security Council Resolution 1738 in 2006 and General

More information

The Political, Security and Human Rights Situation in Afghanistan

The Political, Security and Human Rights Situation in Afghanistan Danish Immigration Service 7/2002 ENG The Political, Security and Human Rights Situation in Afghanistan Report on fact-finding mission to Kabul and Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan and Islamabad, Pakistan 22

More information

Overview. August 13, 2004

Overview. August 13, 2004 August 13, 2004 Overview Afghan election officials say 18 candidates running in October's presidential elections Afghanistan s Joint Electoral Management Body (JEMB) announced earlier in the week (Tuesday,

More information

Briefing Note. Crisis Overview. Afghanistan. Floods. Date: 24 April - 2 May 2014

Briefing Note. Crisis Overview. Afghanistan. Floods. Date: 24 April - 2 May 2014 Briefing Note 1 Afghanistan Floods Date: 24 April - 2 May 2014 Crisis Overview Torrential rains on 24 and 25 April led to flash floods affecting 27 districts in western, northern and northeastern Afghanistan.

More information

Afghanistan: The Consolidation of a Rogue State

Afghanistan: The Consolidation of a Rogue State Zalmay Khalilzad and Daniel Byman Afghanistan: The Consolidation of a Rogue State Afghanistan has gone from one of Washington s greatest foreign policy triumphs to one of its most profound failures. During

More information

Powerful earthquake rocks Afghanistan

Powerful earthquake rocks Afghanistan Humanitarian Bulletin Afghanistan Issue 44 01 31 October 2015 HIGHLIGHTS A powerful earthquake rocks Northeastern Afghanistan on 26 October, killing 115 and injuring 524. Fatalities and injuries were highest

More information

Investigation by reza Moini

Investigation by reza Moini MARCH 2014 Investigation by reza Moini Head of the Afghanistan-Iran Desk Kaboul 3 AFGHANISTAN Capitale : Kaboul Population : 29,82 millions (2012) Curent President : Hamid Karzai Introduction Reporters

More information

Energy Sector Afghanistan

Energy Sector Afghanistan دافغانستان اسلامی جمهوريت جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Office of Senior Adviser for Mining & Energy Energy Sector Afghanistan Importance of Renewable Energy for Afghanistan Renewable

More information

GUIDELINES FOR THE TREATMENT OF AFGHAN ASYLUM SEEKERS & REFUGEES IN EUROPE May 2004

GUIDELINES FOR THE TREATMENT OF AFGHAN ASYLUM SEEKERS & REFUGEES IN EUROPE May 2004 EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON REFUGEES AND EXILES CONSEIL EUROPEEN SUR LES REFUGIES ET LES EXILES GUIDELINES FOR THE TREATMENT OF AFGHAN ASYLUM SEEKERS & REFUGEES IN EUROPE May 2004 PP3/05/2004/Ext/AP Introduction

More information

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs July 11, 2014 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov RL30588 Summary Afghan

More information

Refugee Review Tribunal AUSTRALIA RRT RESEARCH RESPONSE. Keywords: Afghanistan Samangan Province Warlords Forced recruitment Ethnic groups Returnees

Refugee Review Tribunal AUSTRALIA RRT RESEARCH RESPONSE. Keywords: Afghanistan Samangan Province Warlords Forced recruitment Ethnic groups Returnees Refugee Review Tribunal AUSTRALIA RRT RESEARCH RESPONSE Research Response Number: AFG23665 Country: Afghanistan Date: 19 September 2005 Keywords: Afghanistan Samangan Province Warlords Forced recruitment

More information

Shelter Assistance for Returnees in Afghanistan

Shelter Assistance for Returnees in Afghanistan Shelter Assistance for Returnees in Afghanistan April 2015 A shelter beneficiary finishing up construction on his shelter, Eid Mahala, Balkh Province Prepared by USA for UNHCR 1775 K Street NW, Suite 290

More information

The kite runner companion curriculum

The kite runner companion curriculum The kite runner companion curriculum a book by a film by khaled hosseini marc forster Amnesty international usa human rights education program acknowledgements THE HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION PROGRAM AT AMNESTY

More information

Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs January 21, 2011 Congressional Research Service CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members

More information

CHILDREN AFFECTED BY ARMED CONFLICT IN AFGHANISTAN

CHILDREN AFFECTED BY ARMED CONFLICT IN AFGHANISTAN CHILDREN AFFECTED BY ARMED CONFLICT IN AFGHANISTAN Discussion document prepared for UNICEF Regional Office South Asia & Save the Children Fund (USA), Pakistan and Afghanistan Field Office Dr Jo de Berry

More information

The 'Bazaar Economy' of Afghanistan A Comprehensive Approach. Conrad Schetter

The 'Bazaar Economy' of Afghanistan A Comprehensive Approach. Conrad Schetter The 'Bazaar Economy' of Afghanistan A Comprehensive Approach Conrad Schetter 1. Introduction Following the guiding question of this book and analysing the current economic situation of Afghanistan, this

More information

CANADA IN AFGHANISTAN

CANADA IN AFGHANISTAN INSTRUCTIONS FOR TEACHERS Dear Grade 10-12 History and Social Studies Teachers, To help you explain Canada s involvement in Afghanistan, The Historica-Dominion Institute has developed the following readings,

More information

AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH

AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH FRENCH EMBASSY IN CANADA? Ottawa, June 2008 AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH "France will maintain its forces in Afghanistan. Our country wishes to adapt the role of its forces to make them more

More information

Briefing Paper. Royal United Services Institute September 2012. Taliban Perspectives on Reconciliation

Briefing Paper. Royal United Services Institute September 2012. Taliban Perspectives on Reconciliation Briefing Paper Royal United Services Institute September 2012 Michael Semple, Theo Farrell, Anatol Lieven and Rudra Chaudhuri In July 2012, the authors of this report interviewed four senior Taliban interlocutors

More information

Afghanistan Telecom Brief

Afghanistan Telecom Brief Afghanistan Telecom Brief By Ken Zita In 2002, Afghanistan s prospects for telecom appeared Contents bleak. The political instability and profound poverty following 23 years of continuous conflict suggested

More information

UN Strategic Results Framework on Women, Peace and Security: 2011-2020

UN Strategic Results Framework on Women, Peace and Security: 2011-2020 July 2011 UN Strategic Results Framework on Women, Peace and Security: 2011-2020 In 2010, on the occasion of the ten-year anniversary of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women and peace and security,

More information

Iran - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on 5 August 2011

Iran - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on 5 August 2011 Iran - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on 5 August 2011 Information on internet freedom, in particular social media websites. A report issued in May 2011 by Freedom

More information

Norwegian Refugee Council. Position Paper for DC Symposium on Post-Conflict Property Restitution September 2007

Norwegian Refugee Council. Position Paper for DC Symposium on Post-Conflict Property Restitution September 2007 Norwegian Refugee Council Position Paper for DC Symposium on Post-Conflict Property Restitution September 2007 Norwegian Refugee Council Presence in Afghanistan / Pakistan NRC s Information Counselling

More information

OFFICE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS. Assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights

OFFICE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS. Assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights OFFICE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS Assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights Commission on Human Rights Resolution: 2004/80 The Commission on Human Rights, Guided by the Charter

More information

The London Conference on Afghanistan 4 December 2014. Afghanistan and International Community: Commitments to Reforms and Renewed Partnership

The London Conference on Afghanistan 4 December 2014. Afghanistan and International Community: Commitments to Reforms and Renewed Partnership Communiqué The London Conference on Afghanistan 4 December 2014 Afghanistan and International Community: Commitments to Reforms and Renewed Partnership 1. We, the National Unity Government of the Islamic

More information

The Challenges and Recommendations of Accessing to Affected Population for Humanitarian Assistance: A Narrative Review

The Challenges and Recommendations of Accessing to Affected Population for Humanitarian Assistance: A Narrative Review Global Journal of Health Science; Vol. 7, No. 3; 2015 ISSN 1916-9736 E-ISSN 1916-9744 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education The Challenges and Recommendations of Accessing to Affected Population

More information

Customary and Family Law: a Gender approach in Afghanistan

Customary and Family Law: a Gender approach in Afghanistan Customary and Family Law: a Gender approach in Afghanistan BY XAVIERA MEDINA DE ALBRAND 1 1 Xaviera Medina de Albrand is a communication expert. She has been managing communications campaigns on social

More information

Chapter 9 Education as an Approach to Human Security: A Case of Afghanistan

Chapter 9 Education as an Approach to Human Security: A Case of Afghanistan IPSHU English Research Report Series No.19 Conflict and Human Security: A Search for New Approaches of Peace-building (2004) Chapter 9 Education as an Approach to Human Security: A Case of Afghanistan

More information

Human Rights Council. Human rights and transitional justice

Human Rights Council. Human rights and transitional justice Human Rights Council Resolution 9/10. Human rights and transitional justice The Human Rights Council, Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International

More information

Lessons learned from the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan: examples for U.S. policy concerning Central Asia and Afghanistan after 2014

Lessons learned from the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan: examples for U.S. policy concerning Central Asia and Afghanistan after 2014 Calhoun: The NPS Institutional Archive Theses and Dissertations Thesis and Dissertation Collection 2014-12 Lessons learned from the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan: examples for U.S. policy concerning

More information

Afghanistan. South Asia Overview

Afghanistan. South Asia Overview South Asia Overview (Our) relationships with South Asian states have been central to our successful prosecution of the war on terrorism. All have been fully supportive, and their support in this war has

More information

Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management

Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management Volume 2, Issue 4 2005 Article 6 Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001

More information

France s action within the Human Rights Council

France s action within the Human Rights Council France: candidate to the Human Rights Council Human rights are among the founding values of the French Republic and lie at the heart of its foreign policy. France is presenting its candidacy to the Human

More information

ARTICLE 1 Definitions

ARTICLE 1 Definitions JOINT PROGRAMME BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN, THE INTERIM AUTHORITY OF AFGHANISTAN, AND UNHCR FOR VOLUNTARY REPATRIATION OF AFGHAN REFUGEES AND DISPLACED PERSONS The Government

More information

Elections polling Sample and methodology

Elections polling Sample and methodology Elections polling Sample and methodology Traditionally telephone surveys have been conducted by landline. In Afghanistan however, as is the case in many developing countries where the large scale uptake

More information

UNHCR ELIGIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSING THE INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION NEEDS OF ASYLUM-SEEKERS FROM AFGHANISTAN

UNHCR ELIGIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSING THE INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION NEEDS OF ASYLUM-SEEKERS FROM AFGHANISTAN UNHCR ELIGIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSING THE INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION NEEDS OF ASYLUM-SEEKERS FROM AFGHANISTAN United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 6 August 2013 HCR/EG/AFG/13/01 NOTE

More information

Afghanistan Opium Survey 2015

Afghanistan Opium Survey 2015 Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Counter Narcotics Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Counter Narcotics Banayee Bus Station, Jalalabad Main Road 9th District, Kabul, Afghanistan Tel.:

More information

Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, Costa Rica, Georgia, Guatemala, Jordan, Nicaragua, Norway, Portugal and Qatar: draft resolution

Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, Costa Rica, Georgia, Guatemala, Jordan, Nicaragua, Norway, Portugal and Qatar: draft resolution United Nations A/64/L.58 General Assembly Distr.: Limited 30 June 2010 Original: English Sixty-fourth session Agenda item 114 Follow-up to the Outcome of the Millennium Summit Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina,

More information

Contents. Tables of Cases Table of Treaties and Other International and Regional Instruments Selected Abbreviations Online Resource Centre

Contents. Tables of Cases Table of Treaties and Other International and Regional Instruments Selected Abbreviations Online Resource Centre Tables of Cases Table of Treaties and Other International and Regional Instruments Selected Abbreviations Online Resource Centre xxv xliii xlix lv Chapter 1 The Refugee in International Law 1 1. Introduction

More information

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Communications & Information Technology. Major working plan of central directorate of MCIT for -1392

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Communications & Information Technology. Major working plan of central directorate of MCIT for -1392 Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Communications & Information Technology 1 Major working plan of central directorate of MCIT for -1392 AFGHANISTAN TELECOMMUNICATION REGULATORY AUTHORITY (ATRA)

More information

Under the George W. Bush administration, negotiations were not included in the strategic

Under the George W. Bush administration, negotiations were not included in the strategic Negotiating Afghanistan When? With Whom? About What? By Thomas R. Pickering Under the George W. Bush administration, negotiations were not included in the strategic mix of dealing with Afghanistan or,

More information

Millennium Development Indicators of Education, Employment and Gender Equality of Afghan Refugees in Pakistan

Millennium Development Indicators of Education, Employment and Gender Equality of Afghan Refugees in Pakistan Millennium Development Indicators of Education, Employment and Gender Equality of Afghan Refugees in Pakistan Country report George Groenewold Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute Lange

More information

Humanitarian Bulletin Afghanistan

Humanitarian Bulletin Afghanistan Humanitarian Bulletin Afghanistan Issue 43 01 31 August 201 In this issue Conflict displacement update P.1 HIGHLIGHTS A significant 13,000 individuals are reported to have been displaced in 201. 1. million

More information

ON OBAMA S WARS IN AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN. by Tom Hayden February 6, 2009

ON OBAMA S WARS IN AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN. by Tom Hayden February 6, 2009 ON OBAMA S WARS IN AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN by Tom Hayden February 6, 2009 It is time to rethink Afghanistan and Pakistan. Otherwise the new Obama administration will be led into a yawning quagmire. It

More information

Re: Wrongful conviction and arbitrary detention of lawyer Waleed Abu al-khair

Re: Wrongful conviction and arbitrary detention of lawyer Waleed Abu al-khair NGO in Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations Promoting human rights by protecting those who defend them www.lrwc.org lrwc@portal.ca Tel: +1 604 736 1175

More information

The Taliban Resurface and a New Constitution Is Born. Larry P. Goodson

The Taliban Resurface and a New Constitution Is Born. Larry P. Goodson AFGHANISTAN IN 2003 The Taliban Resurface and a New Constitution Is Born Larry P. Goodson Abstract The year 2003 for Afghanistan was marred by a declining security situation, as resurgent Taliban and other

More information

Cihan previously served as the Director of Human Resources in UNDP s Bureau of Management. Prior to this, she served as:

Cihan previously served as the Director of Human Resources in UNDP s Bureau of Management. Prior to this, she served as: Assistant Secretary-General of the UN Ms. Cihan Sultanoğlu UNDP Assistant Administrator and Director of the Regional Bureau for Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (RBEC) Cihan previously

More information

Education system. Afghanistan. The Afghan education system described and compared with the Dutch system

Education system. Afghanistan. The Afghan education system described and compared with the Dutch system Education system Afghanistan The Afghan education system described and compared with the Dutch system This document provides information about the education system of Afghanistan. It also includes the

More information

Human Resource Directorate HRMD Annual Achievements Report ١٣٩٠

Human Resource Directorate HRMD Annual Achievements Report ١٣٩٠ Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Finance Deputy Minister for Admin Human Resource Directorate HRMD Annual Achievements Report ١٣٩٠ Prepared by: Human Resource Directorate Date: ٢٧ th Hamal ١٣٩١

More information

WAITIng for THE TAlIBAn In AfgHAnISTAn gilles Dorronsoro SOUTH ASIA SEPTEMBER 2012

WAITIng for THE TAlIBAn In AfgHAnISTAn gilles Dorronsoro SOUTH ASIA SEPTEMBER 2012 Waiting for the Taliban In Afghanistan Gilles Dorronsoro SOUTH ASIA SEPTEMBER 2012 Waiting for the taliban in afghanistan Gilles Dorronsoro SOUTH ASIA September 2012 2012 Carnegie Endowment for International

More information

General Assembly Security Council

General Assembly Security Council United Nations A/65/783 * General Assembly Security Council Distr.: General 9 March 2011 Original: English General Assembly Sixty-fifth session Agenda item 38 The situation in Afghanistan Security Council

More information

Afghanistan: The perilous road ahead

Afghanistan: The perilous road ahead Afghanistan: The perilous road ahead Aiding Afghans in the lead up to 2014 and beyond June 2012 Kabul, Afghanistan From Harm to Home Rescue.org Aiding Millions in need in post-transition Afghanistan (Cont

More information

PROFESSIONAL SOCIAL WORK FOR CHILD PROTECTION IN AFGHANISTAN

PROFESSIONAL SOCIAL WORK FOR CHILD PROTECTION IN AFGHANISTAN PROFESSIONAL SOCIAL WORK FOR CHILD PROTECTION IN AFGHANISTAN Using the DaCUM method to develop and operationalize competency based standards for social work 2 Objectives of this presentation Introduce

More information

Ordinanza che istituisce provvedimenti nei confronti delle persone e delle organizzazioni legate a Osama bin Laden, al gruppo «Al-Qaïda» o ai Taliban

Ordinanza che istituisce provvedimenti nei confronti delle persone e delle organizzazioni legate a Osama bin Laden, al gruppo «Al-Qaïda» o ai Taliban Ordinanza che istituisce provvedimenti nei confronti delle persone e delle organizzazioni legate a Osama bin Laden, al gruppo «Al-Qaïda» o ai Taliban Modifica del 21 novembre 2012 Il Dipartimento federale

More information

NPWJ International Criminal Justice Policy Series No. 1. Prosecuting Violations of International Criminal Law: Who should be tried?

NPWJ International Criminal Justice Policy Series No. 1. Prosecuting Violations of International Criminal Law: Who should be tried? Prosecuting Violations of International Criminal Law: Who should be tried? Preliminary edition for distribution during the Third Session of the ICC Assembly of States Parties, The Hague, September 2004

More information

Supporting Negotiations for Peace in Afghanistan

Supporting Negotiations for Peace in Afghanistan Supporting Negotiations for Peace in Afghanistan Janel B. Galvanek Berghof Policy Brief 04 August 2014 What is the policy brief about? This brief looks in detail at the ongoing peace process in Afghanistan

More information

ANSO QUARTERLY DATA REPORT Q.1 2011

ANSO QUARTERLY DATA REPORT Q.1 2011 The Afghanistan NGO Safety Office ANSO QUARTERLY DATA REPORT Q.1 11 Jan 1st Mar 1st 11 ANSO and our donors accept no liability for the results of any activity conducted or omitted on the basis of this

More information

UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION ON THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT

UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION ON THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT 1 "We, heads of State and Government,... are committed to making the right to development a reality for everyone and to freeing the entire human race from want." United Nations Millennium Declaration (General

More information

Children on the Move. A Report on Children of Afghan Origin Moving to Western Countries

Children on the Move. A Report on Children of Afghan Origin Moving to Western Countries Children on the Move A Report on Children of Afghan Origin Moving to Western Countries Kerry Boland - February 2010 c February 2010 United Nations Children s Fund (UNICEF) Cover Photo: Lizette Potgieter

More information

Summer Reading Assignment for Middle East Studies A Thousand Splendid Suns By Khaled Hosseini ISBN 978-1-59448-950-1

Summer Reading Assignment for Middle East Studies A Thousand Splendid Suns By Khaled Hosseini ISBN 978-1-59448-950-1 Summer Reading Assignment for Middle East Studies A Thousand Splendid Suns By Khaled Hosseini ISBN 978-1-59448-950-1 Answer the following questions as you read the book. These questions are due Thursday,

More information

Security Council. United Nations S/2012/683

Security Council. United Nations S/2012/683 United Nations S/2012/683 Security Council Distr.: General 5 September 2012 Original: English Letter dated 4 September 2012 from the Chair of the Security Council Committee pursuant to resolution 1988

More information

Impact of Transition on Health Care Delivery

Impact of Transition on Health Care Delivery Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief & Development Impact of Transition on Health Care Delivery The security transition in Afghanistan is entering its final phase in 2014, with partial withdrawal

More information

Different Faces of Shari a: Women s Aspirations in Saudi Arabia and South Asia by Karl G. Feld and Will Hayes D3 Systems, Inc.

Different Faces of Shari a: Women s Aspirations in Saudi Arabia and South Asia by Karl G. Feld and Will Hayes D3 Systems, Inc. Different Faces of Shari a: Women s Aspirations in Saudi Arabia and South Asia by Karl G. Feld and Will Hayes D3 Systems, Inc. May 3, 2009 Survey research has a role to play in providing Muslim women with

More information

Somalia. Violations of the Laws of War JANUARY 2012

Somalia. Violations of the Laws of War JANUARY 2012 JANUARY 2012 COUNTRY SUMMARY Somalia The year was marked by ongoing fighting in Somalia and abuses by the warring parties, including indiscriminate attacks harming civilians. While the armed Islamist al-shabaab

More information

Erbil Declaration. Regional Women s Security Forum on Resolution UNSCR 1325

Erbil Declaration. Regional Women s Security Forum on Resolution UNSCR 1325 Erbil Declaration Regional Women s Security Forum on Resolution UNSCR 1325 The Women s Security Forum on Resolution No 1325 for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region concluded its work in Erbil

More information

Afghanistan: Human Rights and Security Situation

Afghanistan: Human Rights and Security Situation Afghanistan: Human Rights and Security Situation Report by Dr. Antonio Giustozzi 1 The Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo) is an independent body that collects and analyses information on current

More information

A Long Way to Go: Implementation of the Elimination of Violence against Women Law in Afghanistan

A Long Way to Go: Implementation of the Elimination of Violence against Women Law in Afghanistan A Long Way to Go: Implementation of the Elimination of Violence against Women Law in Afghanistan UNAMA UNAMA OHCHR Kabul, Afghanistan November 2011 Map of Afghanistan Source: UN Cartographic Centre, NY

More information

Ordonnance instituant des mesures à l encontre de personnes et entités liées à Oussama ben Laden, au groupe «Al-Qaïda» ou aux Taliban

Ordonnance instituant des mesures à l encontre de personnes et entités liées à Oussama ben Laden, au groupe «Al-Qaïda» ou aux Taliban Ordonnance instituant des mesures à l encontre de personnes et entités liées à Oussama ben Laden, au groupe «Al-Qaïda» ou aux Taliban Modification du 21 novembre 2012 Le Département fédéral de l économie,

More information

Insurgencies, Terrorism and State Challenges in Central and South Asia

Insurgencies, Terrorism and State Challenges in Central and South Asia Insurgencies, Terrorism and State Challenges in Central and South Asia New York University Department of Politics Fall 2010 Instructor: Seth Nye Email: sn390@nyu.edu Course Description This course is designed

More information

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5916th meeting, on 19 June 2008

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5916th meeting, on 19 June 2008 United Nations S/RES/1820 (2008) Security Council Distr.: General 19 June 2008 Resolution 1820 (2008) Adopted by the Security Council at its 5916th meeting, on 19 June 2008 The Security Council, Reaffirming

More information

REPORT OF THE INTERIM CHAIRPERSON ON THE MISSION UNDERTAKEN BY A DELEGATION OF THE AFRICAN UNION TO THE SUDAN AND ERITREA (20-25 October 2002)

REPORT OF THE INTERIM CHAIRPERSON ON THE MISSION UNDERTAKEN BY A DELEGATION OF THE AFRICAN UNION TO THE SUDAN AND ERITREA (20-25 October 2002) AFRICAN UNION UNION AFRICAINE UNIÃO AFRICANA Addis Abéba, ETHIOPIE Boîte postale: 3243 Téléphone 513822 Fax : 519321 E-mail : oau-ews@telemcom.net.et EIGHTY-SEVENTH ORDINARY SESSION OF THE CENTRAL ORGAN

More information

AFGHANISTAN. children in crisis. In Afghanistan today,

AFGHANISTAN. children in crisis. In Afghanistan today, AFGHANISTAN children in crisis None of the children growing up today in Afghanistan has ever known peace, and most live in poverty.three continuous years of drought in the northwest provinces have led

More information

Working Paper Ethnicity and the political reconstruction of Afghanistan

Working Paper Ethnicity and the political reconstruction of Afghanistan econstor www.econstor.eu Der Open-Access-Publikationsserver der ZBW Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft The Open Access Publication Server of the ZBW Leibniz Information Centre for Economics Schetter,

More information

State of the Gaza Strip s border crossings 01 30 November 2013

State of the Gaza Strip s border crossings 01 30 November 2013 State of the Gaza Strip s border crossings 01 30 November 2013 This report documents the impact of the ongoing Israel-imposed siege on Palestinian civilians, which affects their economic and social conditions.

More information

AFGHANISTAN COMPLEX SITUATION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON PAKISTAN

AFGHANISTAN COMPLEX SITUATION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON PAKISTAN 1 One year master program In human rights Topic AFGHANISTAN COMPLEX SITUATION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON PAKISTAN Name: Talal Hassan Personal number: 198109020-639 Supervisor: Malena Rosén 2 Abstract Afghanistan

More information

Recommendations for Drafting a Conflict Resolution Strategy. Prepared for the Independent Department of Kuchi (IDK) and the. Afghanistan PEACE Project

Recommendations for Drafting a Conflict Resolution Strategy. Prepared for the Independent Department of Kuchi (IDK) and the. Afghanistan PEACE Project Afghanistan PEACE Project Reducing Risk for the Kuchi People Recommendations for Drafting a Conflict Resolution Strategy Prepared for the Independent Department of Kuchi (IDK) and the Afghanistan PEACE

More information

AFGHANISTAN IN 2014. A Survey of the Afghan People

AFGHANISTAN IN 2014. A Survey of the Afghan People AFGHANISTAN IN 2014 A Survey of the Afghan People AFGHANISTAN IN 2014 A Survey of the Afghan People AFGHANISTAN IN 2014 A Survey of the Afghan People Project Design and Direction The Asia Foundation Editor

More information

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime 1 Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime The Syrian dictatorship s use of chemical weapons against its own people was terrible. But we must not let it overshadow the larger

More information

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL UNITED HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL The United Nations Human Rights Council was created in March, 2006 and is the successor to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, which was often criticized for the

More information

Aid Coordination in Afghanistan. Arne Strand

Aid Coordination in Afghanistan. Arne Strand Aid Coordination in Afghanistan Arne Strand Commissioned by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Bergen 13 December 2002 Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...IV INTRODUCTION... 1 1. DEFINING AID COORDINATION...

More information

Revista Relaciones Internacionales Nº 39 (Segmento Digital) Instituto de Relaciones Internacionales (IRI) Segundo semestre de 2010

Revista Relaciones Internacionales Nº 39 (Segmento Digital) Instituto de Relaciones Internacionales (IRI) Segundo semestre de 2010 NATO Declaration by the Heads of State and Government of the Nations contributing to the UN-mandated, NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan Introduction We, the nations

More information

Guide to SME Finance Sources in Afghanistan. Updated February 11, 2008

Guide to SME Finance Sources in Afghanistan. Updated February 11, 2008 Guide to SME Finance Sources in Afghanistan Updated February 11, 2008 This brochure is intended as a working guide for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Afghanistan seeking additional financing for

More information

Preface. Central Statistics Organization

Preface. Central Statistics Organization Preface The acceleration of economic and social process of a country, beside it requires the existence of precise and comprehensive statistics in different areas it also requires to ensure social justice

More information

Afghanistan: An Electoral Management Body Evolves

Afghanistan: An Electoral Management Body Evolves CASE STUDY: Afghanistan Afghanistan: An Electoral Management Body Evolves Reginald Austin Although elections were held in the Kingdom of Afghanistan in the 1960s, in 1977 after the 1973 coup d état, and

More information

I am pleased to present this booklet and trust it will be of practical assistance to all humanitarian practitioners.

I am pleased to present this booklet and trust it will be of practical assistance to all humanitarian practitioners. Foreword to the second edition of the Guiding Principles by Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mr. Jan Egeland Today, over twenty five million people, in

More information

3.3: Case Management Systems

3.3: Case Management Systems 3.3: Case Management Systems Summary This chapter provides an overview of the Case Management System adopted by the seven Afghan national justice institutions and the Afghanistan Court Administration System

More information

By the Southern Africa Litigation Centre (SALC) Endorsed by:

By the Southern Africa Litigation Centre (SALC) Endorsed by: Submission to the Human Rights Committee Regarding the Forced and Coerced Sterilisation of Women Living with HIV/AIDS in Namibia Submitted in advance of the consideration of the list of Issues for Namibia

More information

Tunisia. New Constitution JANUARY 2015

Tunisia. New Constitution JANUARY 2015 JANUARY 2015 COUNTRY SUMMARY Tunisia Tunisia achieved significant progress in strengthening human rights protections following the adoption of a new constitution on January 26, 2014, three years after

More information

European Parliament resolution of 15 December 2011 on the situation of women in Afghanistan and Pakistan

European Parliament resolution of 15 December 2011 on the situation of women in Afghanistan and Pakistan P7_TA-PROV(2011)0591 Situation of women in Afghanistan and Pakistan European Parliament resolution of 15 December 2011 on the situation of women in Afghanistan and Pakistan The European Parliament, having

More information

Adopted by the Security Council at its 6196th meeting, on 5 October 2009

Adopted by the Security Council at its 6196th meeting, on 5 October 2009 United Nations S/RES/1889 (2009) Security Council Distr.: General 5 October 2009 (E) *0954255* Resolution 1889 (2009) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6196th meeting, on 5 October 2009 The Security

More information

Item 2 9 October 2014

Item 2 9 October 2014 131 st IPU ASSEMBLY AND RELATED MEETINGS Geneva, 12-16.10.2014 Assembly A/131/2-P.8 Item 2 9 October 2014 Consideration of requests for the inclusion of an emergency item in the Assembly agenda Request

More information

Key Concepts Chart (The United States after the Cold War)

Key Concepts Chart (The United States after the Cold War) Unit 10, Activity 1, Key Concepts Chart Key Concepts Chart (The United States after the Cold War) Key Concept +? - Explanation Extra Information NAFTA Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton both

More information

Sexual Violence as Weapon of War. By Lydia Farah Lawyer & Legal researcher

Sexual Violence as Weapon of War. By Lydia Farah Lawyer & Legal researcher Sexual Violence as Weapon of War By Lydia Farah Lawyer & Legal researcher In general women face in peacetime as well as in wartime different forms of discrimination and gender based violence. But during

More information