EL Civics Objective 16 (Emergencies) Level: Beginning Low & Beginning High Task #1: Identify Emergencies & Disasters

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1 EL Civics Objective 16 (Emergencies) Level: Beginning Low & Beginning High Task #1: Identify Emergencies & Disasters Language & Literacy Objectives: 1. Identify what constitutes an emergency or disaster, listing examples. INTRODUCTION In this lesson, students will learn how to identify common emergencies and disasters. ASSESSMENT TASK Students will label 8-10 pictures (BL=8; BH=10) identifying emergencies and disasters pts possible (1 pts each correct answer). SUGGESTED CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES Watch PowerPoint slideshow of photos from different emergencies and disasters. (Download from (EL Civics Curriculum Materials. Show on screen using LCD projector or print slides as transparencies and use with OHP.) Use to spark class discussion. Discuss students personal experiences with emergencies and disasters. Page 1 of 23

2 HANDOUTS PROVIDED Handout 1: Vocabulary Identify Emergencies Handout 2: Conversation Questions Identify Emergencies Handout 3: Introduction: What is an Emergency? Handout 4: Practice: What is an Emergency? Handout 5: Answer Key: What is an Emergency? ADDITIONAL RESOURCES PowerPoint presentations available for (EL Civics Curriculum Materials) Related Websites (see list in back of this binder, or go to EL Civics area in ESL Department Website link above and find live links to resources). Has links to many animations, videos, etc. COMPUTER LAB IDEAS Create a table in Word. Names of emergencies & disasters in one column; pictures in the other column. (Word, Internet) Create a picture dictionary with names of emergencies and pictures (BL). BH students can produce more language and include a brief definition (e.g. earthquake The earth shakes.) Watch animations & videos that demonstrate how disasters occur (e.g. earthquakes, tsunamis). Page 2 of 23

3 Task 1 Handout #1 VOCABULARY IDENTIFY EMERGENCIES Adapted from emergency: A sudden, urgent, usually unexpected occurrence or occasion requiring immediate action; a state of need for help or relief, created by some unexpected event. disaster: An occurrence causing widespread destruction and distress, resulting in great loss and misfortune. car accident: An unfortunate, unintentional event while driving that might cause damage, injury or loss. earthquake: Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth. Caused by the release of built-up stress within rocks along geologic faults or by the movement of magma in volcanic areas. Usually followed by aftershocks. fall: To drop or descend under the force of gravity, as to a lower place through loss or lack of support. fire: The event of something burning (often destructive). flood: An overflowing of water onto land that is normally dry. heart attack: An episode of heart failure or the stopping of normal heart function. Muscle damage to the heart caused by oxygen deprivation. Symptoms include sudden and sharp pain and pressure in the chest, which often spread to the shoulder, arm, and neck or jaw. Page 3 of 23

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5 Task 1 Handout #1 VOCABULARY IDENTIFY EMERGENCIES (cont.) Adapted from hurricane (typhoon/cyclone): A severe, rotating tropical storm with heavy rains and high winds exceeding 74 miles per hour. Originates in tropical parts of the Atlantic Ocean or the Caribbean Sea and moves generally northward. They lose force when they move over land because they lose their moisture source. NOTE: Known as a typhoon in the Pacific; cyclone in Southern Hemisphere. landslide: A slide of a large mass of dirt and rock down a mountain or cliff. Usually triggered by over-saturation (e.g. rain, snowmelt), or earthquake. oil spill: An accidental release of oil into a body of water, as from a tanker, offshore drilling rig, or underwater pipeline, often presenting a hazard to marine life and the environment. refinery explosion: A release of chemical energy in a sudden and often violent manner with the generation of high temperature and usually with the release of gases. Caused by a chemical reaction at an oil refinery. tornado: A localized and violently destructive windstorm occurring over land characterized by a funnel-shaped cloud extending toward the ground. Chiefly occurs during thunderstorms, and ranges in width from a few yards to more than a mile. Common in the Midwest in U.S. tsunami: A unusually large wave on the ocean, usually caused by an undersea earthquake, a volcanic eruption, or coastal landslide. Can travel hundreds of miles over the open sea and cause extensive damage when it encounters land. Also called tidal wave. Page 5 of 23

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7 TASK 1 Handout #2 CONVERSATION QUESTIONS IDENTIFY EMERGENCIES Adapted from (Conversations for the ESL Classroom, I-TESL-J) 1. What is an emergency? 2. What is a disaster? 3. What are some examples of emergencies? 4. What are some examples of disasters? 5. What kinds of disasters are common in your home country? Page 7 of 23

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9 TASK 1 Handout #3 INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY? 2008, Images from office.microsoft.com & wikimedia.org An EMERGENCY is something dangerous that happens. In an emergency, you must do something as soon as possible to avoid losing property or life. FIRE Your house, car, or other place is on fire. Your home or things might get damaged. You might get hurt. EARTHQUAKE The ground shakes. Sometimes windows break, walls fall, streets crack. Things might break in your home. You might get hurt. FLOOD Water is where it shouldn t be. A flood can be from rain, a river, or a broken pipe. Your things might get damaged. You might get hurt. Page 9 of 23

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11 TASK 1 Handout #3 INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY? (cont.) 2008, Images from office.microsoft.com & wikimedia.org TORNADO A destructive windstorm over land. Has a funnel shape. If it touches the ground, your home or things can be damaged. You might get hurt. LANDSLIDE A fast slide of dirt and rock down a mountain or cliff. If the dirt is wet, it is called a MUDSLIDE. Your home or things can be damaged. You might get hurt. HEART ATTACK The heart doesn t work correctly. There is pain in your chest. You are very sick and might die. Page 11 of 23

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13 TASK 1 Handout #3 INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY? (cont.) 2008, Images from office.microsoft.com & wikimedia.org HURRICANE A severe tropical storm with heavy rain and high winds. Loses strength on land. Wind, rain and flooding can damage your home or things. You might get hurt. CAR ACCIDENT A car hits another car, a person, or a thing like a tree or a pole. Your car will be damaged. You might get hurt. REFINERY EXPLOSION A loud release of energy caused by a chemical reaction. Often includes shaking and fire. Hazardous gas may be released into the air. You might get sick. Page 13 of 23

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15 TASK 1 Handout #3 INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY? (cont.) 2008, Images from office.microsoft.com & wikimedia.org TSUNAMI A very large ocean wave caused by an underwater earthquake. Flooding can damage your home or things. You might get hurt. FALL You fall to the ground while walking, running or climbing. You might get badly hurt. OIL SPILL An accidental release of oil into a body of water, as from a tanker, offshore drilling rig, or underwater pipeline. The environment is damaged. Marine life might get hurt or die. Page 15 of 23

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17 TASK 1 Handout #4 PRACTICE: IDENTIFY EMERGENCIES 2008, Images from office.microsoft.com & wikimedia.org Directions: Write the names of these emergencies. Page 17 of 23

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19 TASK 1 PART I - Handout #4 PRACTICE: IDENTIFY EMERGENCIES (cont.) 2008, Images from office.microsoft.com & wikimedia.org Directions: Write the names of these emergencies and disasters. Page 19 of 23

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21 TASK 1 Handout #5 PRACTICE: IDENTIFY EMERGENCIES (ANSWER KEY) 2008, Images from office.microsoft.com & wikimedia.org Directions: Write the names of these emergencies and disasters. fall fire landslide car accident tornado heart attack Page 21 of 23

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23 TASK 1 Handout #5 PRACTICE: IDENTIFY EMERGENCIES (ANSWER KEY cont.) 2008, Images from office.microsoft.com & wikimedia.org Directions: Write the names of these emergencies and disasters. flood hurricane tsunami oil spill earthquake refinery explosion Page 23 of 23

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