1 May 28, 2015 ACCESS TO SUCCESS IN AMERICA Kati Haycock President, Education Trust Copyright 2015 The Education Trust
2 America: Two Powerful Stories
3 1. Land of Opportunity: Work hard, and you can become anything you want to be.
4 2. Generational Advancement: Through hard work, each generation of parents can assure a better life and better education for their children.
5 Powerful narratives. Slipping away.
6 Within the U.S., income inequality has been rising. Big gains at the top of the economic ladder, while those at the bottom have fallen backwards.
7 Gini Coefficient Instead of being the most equal, the U.S. has the third highest income inequality among OECD nations United States Note: Gini coefficient ranges from 0 to 1, where 0 indicates total income equality and 1 indicates total income inequality. Source: United Nations, U.N. data,
8 Median Wealth of White Families 20 X that of African Americans 18 X that of Latinos Source: Rakesh Kochhar, Richard Fry, and Paul Taylor, Twenty-to-One: Wealth Gaps Rise to Record Highs Between Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics, Pew Social & Demographic Trends, 2011.
9 Not just wages and wealth, but social mobility as well.
10 Earnings Elasticity U.S. intergenerational mobility was increasing until 1980, but has sharply declined since. 0.6 The falling elasticity meant increased economic mobility until Since then, the elasticity has risen, and mobility has slowed Source: Daniel Aaronson and Bhashkar Mazumder. Intergenerational Economic Mobility in the U.S.,1940 to Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago WP : Dec THE 2015 THE EDUCATION TRUST
11 Earnings Elasticity The US now has one of lowest rates of intergenerational mobility 0.6 Cross-country examples of the link between father and son wages United Kingdom Italy United States France Spain Germany Sweden Australia Canada Finland Norway Denmark Source: Corak, Miles. Chasing the Same Dream, Climbing Different Ladders. Economic Mobility Project; e: Pew Charitable Trusts, 2010.
12 At macro level, better and more equal education is not the only answer. But at the individual level, it really is.
13 Agenda #1 Working together to get more low-income students and students of color through college THE 2014 EDUCATION THE EDUCATION TRUST
14 Among black men, education makes a huge difference in life outcomes
15 Median Earnings ($) College Grads Earn More $100,000 Taxes Paid After-Tax Earnings $102,200 $91,000 $80,000 $70,000 $20,300 $23,400 $60,000 $40,000 $20,000 $- $25,100 $4,100 $21,000 $40,400 $44,800 $35,400 $7,500 $8,600 $6,400 $29,000 $32,900 $36,200 $56,500 $11,400 $45,100 $14,800 $55,200 $70,700 $78,800 Education Level Source: College Board, Education Pays, 2013, Figure 1.1: Median Earnings and Tax Payments of Full-Time Year-Round Workers Ages 25 and Older, by Education Level, 2011
16 College Grads Less Likely to be Unemployed 30.0% Unemployment Rate (August 2011) 25.0% 20.0% 15.0% 14.3% 10.0% 9.6% 8.2% 5.0% 4.3% 0.0% Less than high school diploma High school graduate Some college or associate's degree Bachelor's degree or higher Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Table A-4, THE THE EDUCATION EDUCATION TRUST TRUST
17 They also stand out on the other things we value.
18 100% 80% College graduates more likely to vote Percent of US Citizens Aged Who Voted in the 2012 Presidential Election by Education Level 60% 50% 60% 40% 20% 23% 29% 0% Less than high school High school/ged Some Bachelor's degree college/associate's or higher degree Note: Data include both those who are and are not registered to vote. Source: Education Pays 2013, The College Board
19 College graduates more likely to volunteer 100% Percent of Adults 25 and Over Who Volunteered in 2012 by Education Level 80% 60% 40% 20% 9% 17% 29% 42% 0% Less than high school High school Some college or associate's degree Bachelor's degree or higher Note: Data represent percentage of total population that reported volunteering from September 2008 to September 2009 Source: Education Pays 2013, The College Board THE THE EDUCATION TRUST TRUST
20 College Grads of all races far more likely to be in Very Good or Excellent Health Black Latino American Indian High School Dropout College Graduate 73.3 White Sourc e: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Commission for a Healthier America, 2009
21 College Grads Even Have Better Mental Health Percentage of respondents reporting themselves to be in excellent mental health 100% 80% 60% 40% 37% 45% 54% 60% 20% 0% High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Advanced degree Source: Gallup, Strong Relationship Between Income and Mental Health (2007) THE THE EDUCATION TRUST TRUST
22 What schools and colleges do, in other words, is hugely important to our economy, our democracy, and our society.
23 So, how are we doing? THE THE EDUCATION EDUCATION TRUST TRUST
24 Over past 30 years, we ve made a lot of progress on the access side. n/a
25 Percentage of High School Graduates Enrolled in College the Fall After Graduation Immediate College-Going Up 80.0% 70.0% 60.0% 50.0% 40.0% 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% 0.0% Note: Percent of high school completers who were enrolled in 2-year or 4-year college the October after completing high Source: school NCES, The Digest of Education Statistics 2013 (Table ).
26 College-going is up for all groups. NCES, The Condition of Education 2010 (Table A-20-3) and The Condition of Education 2011 (Table A-21-2).
27 Percentage of High School Graduates Enrolled in College the Fall After Graduation 80% Immediate College-Going Increasing for All Racial/Ethnic Groups: 1972 to % 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% African American Latino White Note: Percent of high school completers who were enrolled in college the October after completing high school Source: NCES, The Digest of Education Statistics 2013 (Table ).
28 Percentage of High School Graduates Enrolled in College the Fall After Graduation 90% College-Going Generally Increasing for All Income Groups 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Low-Income High-Income Note: Percent of high school completers who were enrolled in college the October after completing high school Source: NCES, The Condition of Education 2010 (Table A-20-1) and The Digest of Education Statistics 2013 (Table ).
29 But though college going up for low-income students
30 Low-Income Students Today Still Not Reaching the College-going Rate for High-Income Students in 1972 Percentage of high school graduates immediately enrolling in college, % 64% 82% 23% Low Income High Income Note: Data for black, Hispanic, and low-income represent two-year moving average because of small sample sizes. Source: NCES, The Condition of Education 2010 (Table A-20-1) and The Digest of Education Statistics 2013 (Table )
31 But access isn t the only issue: There s a question of access to what
32 Low-Income Students and Students of Color Twice as Likely to Enter For-profit Colleges, Where They are Least Likely to Graduate and Most Likely to End up with Debt Asian White Black Hispanic American Indian Pell recipient Non-Pell recipient % 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% For Profit Public 2-Year Public 4-Year Private 4-Year Other Ed Trust analysis of IPEDS Fall enrollment, Fall 2012 (by race) and IPEDS Student Financial Aid survey, (by Pell recipient status). 32
33 And what about graduation in colleges more generally?
34 Graduation Rates (%) Black, Latino, and American Indian Freshmen Complete College at Lower Rates Than Other Students year bachelor s completion rates for first-time, full-time freshmen, Fall 2006 cohort at 4-year institutions Overall rate: 59% % 40% 52% 71% 40% 10 0 White Black Latino Asian American Indian Source: NCES (December 2013). Enrollment in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2012; Financial Statistics, Fiscal Year 2012; and Graduation Rates, Selected Cohorts, , First Look (Provisional Data) Table 3.
35 Graduation Rates (%) Graduation rates at public community colleges % 3 - year completion rates (associate degrees and certificates) for first-time, full-time freshmen, Fall 2009 cohort at public two-year institutions 13% 18% 28% Overall rate: 21.2% 18% White Black Latino Asian American Indian Source: NCES (Dec. 2013). First Look: Enrollment in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2012; Financial Statistics, Fiscal Year 2012; and Graduation Rates, Selected Cohorts, , First Look (Provisional Data) Table 3.
36 Chance of attaining a bachelor s degree within six years, among students who aspire to a Bachelors degree and begin at community college? n/a
37 Bachelor s Attainment Rate (%) Only 14 percent Percent of students who started at a community college intending to earn a Bachelor s in 2003 and earned a BA degree by % Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study, First Follow-up (BPS:04/06).
38 Add it all up
39 Different groups of young Americans obtain degrees at very different rates. n/a
40 Whites attain bachelor s degrees at nearly twice the rate of blacks and almost three times the rate of Hispanics Bachelor s Degree Attainment of Young Adults (25-29-year-olds), % 20% 16% White African American Latino Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Educational Attainment in the United States: 2013
41 Percent with Bachelor s Degree by Age % Young adults from high-income families are 7 times more likely to earn bachelor s degrees by age 24 80% 60% 40% 79% 7x 20% 0% Highest income quartile 11% Lowest income quartile Tom Mortenson, Bachelor s Degree Attainment by age 24 by Family Income Quartiles, 1970 to 2010, Postsecondary Education Opportunity, 2012.
42 WHAT S GOING ON? Many in higher education would like to believe that these patterns are mostly a function of lousy high schools and stingy federal and state policymakers.
43 They are not all wrong.
44 Low Income and Minority Students Continue to be Clustered in Schools where we spend less, expect less, and assign our weakest teachers
46 So, too, are misguided government aid policies
47 Federal Pell Grants have failed to keep pace with rising college costs 100% 80% 99% Total Cost of Attendance Covered by Maximum Pell Grant Award 77% 60% 52% 40% 31% 36% 20% 14% 0% Public 2-Year Public 4-Year Private 4-Year American Council on Education (2007). Status Report on the Pell Grant Program, 2007 and CollegBoard, Trends in Student Aid,
48 Why? Not because we re not spending a lot more on student aid. But, rather, because we ve changed who gets those dollars.
49 88% of savings from tuition tax deductions go to middle- and upper-income families Distribution of Tax Deduction Savings by Adjusted Gross Income 12% Low-income ($0-49,999) 88% Middle and upper-income ($50,000+) Note: Percentages may not add to 100% because of rounding. Source: The College Board, Trends in Student Aid 2013.
50 Pattern is the same at state level, even in tough times. Source: Trends in Student Aid 2010, The College Board
51 So yes, government policy is part of the problem, too.
52 But colleges and universities are not unimportant actors in this drama of shrinking opportunity, either. 52
53 For one thing, the shifts away from poor students in institutional aid money are MORE PRONOUNCED than the shifts in government aid.
54 In 2011, four-year public and private nonprofit colleges spent over $21 billion on grant aid. But, they spent a lot of aid on students who didn t need it Education Trust analysis of NPSAS:12 using PowerStats. Results based on full-time, full-year, oneinstitution dependent undergraduates.
55 Institutional Grant Aid at Public 4- Year Institutions, (in millions) Public 4-year colleges used to spend more than twice as much on needy students, but now spend more on wealthy students $1,000 $900 $800 $700 $600 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $0 $869 $809 $340 $ Lowest income quintile Highest income quintile Education Trust analysis of NPSAS:96, NPSAS:08, NPSAS:12 using PowerStats. Results based on full-time, full-year, one-institution dependent undergraduates.
56 Institutional Grant Aid at Private NFP 4-Year Institutions, (millions) Private nonprofit 4-year colleges used to spend more on lowincome students, but now spend nearly twice as much on wealthy students $4,500 $4,000 $4,042 $3,500 $3,000 $2,500 $2,625 $2,000 $1,500 $1,000 $500 $721 $605 $ Lowest income quintile Highest income quintile Education Trust analysis of NPSAS:96, NPSAS:08, NPSAS:12 using PowerStats. Results based on full-time, full-year, one-institution dependent undergraduates.
57 Result? Low-income students must devote an amount equivalent to 76% of their family income towards college costs Family Income Percentile Average Income Average Cost of Attendance Average Expected Family Contribution (EFC) Average Grant Aid 0 20% $12,783 $27,428 $13,565 Average Unmet Need After EFC and Grant Aid Average % of Income Required to Pay Out-of- Pocket Expenses 21 40% $36,205 $29,345 $2,138 $12,246 $15,006 46% 41 60% $65,20 4 $276 $8,059 $29,804 $8,465 $13,59 1 $13, % $97,733 $30,719 $16,259 $6,842 $9,465 25% 76% 33% % $185,81 9 $34,370 $6,041 $35,925 $5,281 17% Source: Source: Education Trust analysis of NPSAS:12 using PowerStats, Results based on full-time, full-year, one-institution dependent undergraduates at public and private nonprofit four-year colleges
58 So it s not all about the students or about government. The choices that colleges make are important in who comes and who doesn t.
59 Moreover, what colleges do also turns out to be very important in whether students graduate or not.
60 College Completion Rates: 4-Year Colleges Fewer than 4 in 10 (38%) entering full-time freshmen obtain a bachelor s degree from the same institution within 4 years. Within six years of entry, that proportion rises to just under 6 in 10 (58%). If you go beyond IPEDS, and look at graduation from ANY institution, number grows to about twothirds. Source: NCES (December 2013). Enrollment in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2012; Financial Statistics, Fiscal Year 2012; and Graduation Rates, Selected Cohorts, , First Look (Provisional Data) Table 4.
61 Many Four-Year Colleges Have Very High Graduation Rates and Many, Very Low 250 Distribution of Graduation Rates (2012) 6-year bachelor's completion rates for first-time, full-time freshmen, Fall 2006 cohort at 4-year institutions Source: Ed Trust analysis of IPEDS Graduation Rates Series1
62 Some of these differences are clearly attributable to differences in student preparation and/or institutional mission. n/a
63 But when you dig underneath the averages, one thing is very clear: Some colleges are far more successful than their students stats would suggest. Ed Trust analysis of College Results Online dataset
64 College Results Online
65 Research Institutions Similar Students, Different Results Median SAT Size % Pell % URM Overall Grad Rate URM Grad Rate Penn State University Indiana University University of Minnesota Purdue University 1,195 37,763 16% 8.6% 86.7% 74.6 % 1,170 31,427 21% 8.0% 72.0% 52.1% 1, ,656 23% 7.6% 70.2% 44.4% 1,165 30,812 21% 6.9% 68.1% 54.1% Source: College Results Online, 2013:
66 Elizabeth City University Delaware State University Norfolk State University University of Arkansas Pine Bluff Coppin State University Source: College Results Online, 2013: Historically Black Colleges Similar Students, Different Results Median SAT Size % Pell Overall Graduation Rate 835 3,020 80% 43.7% 875 3,167 59% 34.6% 865 5,373 65% 33.2% 780 3,096 82% 23% 855 2,832 70% 14.7%
67 Bottom Line: So yes, we have to keep working to improve our high schools; And yes, government has to do its part; But we ve got to focus on changing what our colleges do, too.
68 Download this presentation on our website Washington, D.C. Metro Detroit 202/ / Oakland 510/
Which Path? A Roadmap to a Student s Best College National College Access Network National Conference Mary Nguyen Barry September 16, 2014 THE EDUCATION TRUST WHO WE ARE The Education Trust works for the
ACCESS TO SUCCESS IN AMERICA: What do the data tell us? Access to Success Provosts Meeting Baltimore, MD January 9, 2014 America: Two Enduring Stories 1. Land of Opportunity: Work hard, and you can become
Achievement in America: Going the Distance to Improve Results and Close Gaps Washington Technology Alliance September, 2009 4 th Grade Reading: Record Performance with Gap Narrowing *Denotes previous assessment
Percent of Institutions For-profit colleges are a growing sector Number of Institutions, by Sector, 2-1 to 29-21 1% 8% 6% 4% 2% 3% 32% 38% Private, Nonprofit Public For-profit 27% 3% 44% % Note:Percentages
Shifting from College Access to College Success NACAC September 24, 2011 THE EDUCATION TRUST WHO WE ARE The Education Trust works for the high academic achievement of all students at all levels, prekindergarten
ETS s Addressing Achievement Gaps Symposium Advancing Success for Black Men in College A Statistical Profile ETS s Addressing Achievement Gaps Symposium Advancing Success for Black Men in College Co-sponsored
MINNESOTA PRIVATE COLLEGE COUNCIL An Agenda for College Affordability and Degree Completion I. The Case for Investing in Higher Education Minnesota benefits from our current above-average level of educational
For a strong economy, the skills gap must be closed. 61% 36% 25% By 2020, jobs requiring a career certificate or college degree Skills gap Too few students make it through college. MEMBER Delaware adults
Enrollment Hits All-Time High, Fueled by Community Surge FOR RELEASE: OCTOBER 29, 2009 Paul Taylor, Project Director Richard Fry, Senior Researcher Wendy Wang, Research Associate Daniel Dockterman, Research
Percent 100% Percentage of U. S. Population, Age 25 to 64, with High School Diploma and Bachelors Degree, by Survey and Sex, 1962 - Present. 90% 80% 70% HSGrad - Men HSGrad - Women 60% BA+ - Men 50% 53%
Trends in Higher Education Series College Board Advocacy & Policy Center Analysis Brief March 2013 How Students and Parents Pay for College Kathleen Payea Policy Analyst, The College Board Sandy Baum Senior
WEB TABLES U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION MARCH 2012 NCES 2012-271 Characteristics of Associate s Degree Attainers and Time to Associate s Degree The number of associate s degrees conferred by U.S. postsecondary
WEB Profile of 2007 08 2007-08 First-Time Bachelor s TABLES Degree Recipients U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION in 2009 OCTOBER 2012 NCES 2013-150 These Web Tables provide wideranging information on the demographic
Florida s Great Cost Shift: How Higher Education Cuts Undermine Its Future Middle Class J ust as a postsecondary education has become essential for getting a decent job and entering the middle class, it
Analysis Brief Trends in Higher Education Series Trends in Public Higher Education: Enrollment, Prices, Student Aid, Revenues, and Expenditures Sandy Baum Senior Fellow, George Washington University Graduate
INDICATORS OF HIGHER EDUCATION EQUITY IN THE UNITED STATES 45 YEAR TREND REPORT 2015 Bachelor s degree attainment by age 24 for dependent family members by family income quartile: 1970-2013 Top 90% Third
Institute for Education Policy Research Staffordshire University March 25, 2009 Access to Higher Education in the United States: Issues and Challenges Donald E. Heller Overview Measures of college access
ETS s Addressing Achievement Gaps Symposium Black Male Teens: Moving to Success in the High School Years A Statistical Profile ETS s Addressing Achievement Gaps Symposium Black Male Teens: Moving to Success
Fast Facts on Education in America updated december 2010 The climate of postsecondary education in America has changed dramatically since Scholarship America s inception 50 years ago. Access to college
A Strategy to Ensure College Affordability for Low and Middle Income Families Personal & Political Responsibility Revisited Michael Dannenberg Director of Strategic Initiatives for Policy Education Reform
MEASURING UP 2008 THE STATE REPORT CARD ON HIGHER EDUCATION Maryland What Is Measuring Up? Measuring Up is a series of biennial report cards that provide the general public and policymakers with information
1 INDIANA S TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY SCHOLARS PROGRAM 3/7/2008 Stan Jones, Indiana Commission for Higher Education The Goals Help more students continue their education. Reduce the high school dropout rate.
Profile of Recipients Family Income The average family adjusted gross income (AGI) for recipients is 123% of the poverty line (median 112%), compared with 395% of the poverty line for non-recipients. Adjusted
Research and Policy Brief UWEP Utah Women and Education Project May 25, 2010 UWEP 2010-204 Women and Higher Education in Utah: A Glimpse at the Past and Present According to Lumina Foundation researchers,
HIGHER EDUCATION FINANCE: TRENDS AND ISSUES STATE COUNCIL OF HIGHER EDUCATION FOR VIRGINIA SEPTEMBER 14, 2009 Paul E. Lingenfelter President, SHEEO Forces flattening the global playing field Fall of Berlin
The Burden of Borrowing A report on the rising rates of student loan debt The Burden of Borrowing: A Report on the Rising Rates of Student Loan Debt March 2002 By Tracey King and Ellynne Bannon Special
STUDENT DEBT MYTHS AND FACTS Third Edition August 2016 The Issue With student loan debt reaching approximately $1.3 trillion, critics are concerned that student loans may be the next financial bubble to
MEASURING UP 2008 THE STATE REPORT CARD ON HIGHER EDUCATION Pennsylvania What Is Measuring Up? Measuring Up is a series of biennial report cards that provide the general public and policymakers with information
Left Behind Unequal Opportunity in Higher Education The 1965 Higher Education Act, which is slated to be reauthorized later this year, has sought to ensure that no student would be denied a college education
MASSACHUSETTS Suggested Citation: Institute for Research on Higher Education. (2016). College Affordability Diagnosis: Massachusetts. Philadelphia, PA: Institute for Research on Higher Education, Graduate
REPORT November 1, 2005 Recent Changes in the Entry of Hispanic and White Youth into College by Richard Fry A Pew Research Center Project www.pewhispanic.org 1615 L Street, NW, Suite 700 Washington, DC
Earnings and Income of U.S. Women and Men The median annual earnings for full-time, year-round women workers in 2010 was $36,931 compared to men s $47,715. 1 In 2011, the median weekly earnings for full-time
1 The Rise of College Student Borrowing FOR RELEASE: NOVEMBER 23, 2010 Paul Taylor, Project Director Richard Fry, Senior Researcher Rebecca Hinze-Pifer, Intern Daniel Dockterman, Research Assistant MEDIA
The College Board National Office for School Counselor Advocacy (NOSCA) School Counseling in Texas A College Board 2011 National Survey of School Counselors State Brief A brief for the College Board Advocacy
Trends in Community College Education: Enrollment, Prices, Student Aid, and Debt Levels By Sandy Baum, Kathie Little, and Kathleen Payea Community colleges serve as the access point to higher education
http://chronicle.com/daily/2002/03/2002030804n.htm (FULL TEXT OF REPORT BEGINS ON PAGE 5) Friday, March 8, 2002 New Report on Student-Loan Data Finds Debt Loads Burdensome for Many Graduates By ALEX P.
Community College Students and Federal Student Financial Aid: A Primer Jolanta Juszkiewicz April 2014 American Association of Community Colleges Washington, DC PREFERRED CITATION Juszkiewicz, J. (2014,
Educational Attainment: Understanding the Data Sandy Baum George Washington University Alisa Federico Cunningham Independent Consultant Courtney Tanenbaum American Institutes for Research working paper
Trends in Higher Education Series Education Pays The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society 2007 Sandy Baum and Jennifer Ma Executive Summary Students who attend institutions of higher
DECEMBER 2009 ACCESS TO SUCCESS Access to Success Data Metrics Technical Appendix Access to Success Data Metrics Technical Appendix ACCESS METRICS The Access metrics compare the economic and racial diversity
Aspen Prize for Community College Excellence Round 1 Eligibility Model Executive Summary As part of the Round 1 of the Aspen Prize selection process, the National Center for Higher Education Management
J Minnesota will have sustainable, strong economic growth Previous wording: Minnesota will have sustained, above average, strong economic growth that is consistent with environmental protection 1990 1993
For a strong economy, the skills gap must be closed. 57% 32% 25% By 22, jobs requiring a career certificate or college degree Skills gap Too few students make it through college. MEMBER Mississippi adults
WEST VIRGINIA 11 For a strong economy, the skills gap must be closed. 53% 8% 5% By, jobs requiring a career certificate or college degree Skills gap Too few students make it through college. MEMBER West
RESEARCH BRIEF September 2011 Minnesota Educational Needs and Higher Education Finance Policy This is one in a series of research-based briefs prepared by the Minnesota Private College Council for members
Special Preview from the Winter 2016 Issue of The Presidency, ACE s Member Magazine FEDERAL WATCH Where Have All the Low-Income Students Gone? By Christopher J. Nellum and Terry W. Hartle Since 2008, an
SOUTH CAROLINA Suggested Citation: Institute for Research on Higher Education. (2016). College Affordability Diagnosis: South Carolina. Philadelphia, PA: Institute for Research on Higher Education, Graduate
cepr Briefing Paper CENTER FOR ECONOMIC AND POLICY RESEARCH Student Debt: Bigger and Bigger By Heather Boushey September 2005 CENTER FOR ECONOMIC AND POLICY RESEARCH 1611 CONNECTICUT AVE., NW, SUITE 400
At What Cost? The Price That Working Students Pay For A College Education April 2002 By Tracey King and Ellynne Bannon Special thanks to Alison Cassady, Ivan Frishberg, and Liz Hitchcock. The State PIRGs
January 2003 The Role of Student Loans in College Access Sandy Baum, Ph.D., Professor of Economics, Skidmore College Most discussions of student loans focus on the difficulties they generate for students.
Stats U.S. Departt of Education NCES -167 November 09 in Brief AUTHORS Laura Horn Xiaojie Li MPR Associates, Inc. Thomas Weko Project Officer National Center for Education Statistics CONTENTS Introduction...
For a strong economy, the skills gap must be closed. 59% 30% 29% By 2020, jobs requiring a career certificate or college degree Skills gap Too few students make it through college. MEMBER Oklahoma adults
For a strong economy, the skills gap must be closed. 67% 45% 22% By 22, jobs requiring a career certificate or college degree Skills gap Too few students make it through college. MEMBER Maryland adults
Charts You Can Trust Drowning in Debt: The Emerging Student Loan Crisis by Erin Dillon and Kevin Carey July 9, 29 Note: Recently announced technical changes in the measure of student loan amounts in the
College Board Research Research Brief November 2015 Trends in Community Colleges: Enrollment, Prices, Student Debt, and Completion Jennifer Ma The College Board Sandy Baum The Urban Institute Highlights
Florida Who attends Florida's public schools? Total 2010-11 Public Elementary and Secondary Enrollment: 2,643,347 Student Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity Student Enrollment by Income, Disability, and English
For a strong economy, the skills gap must be closed. 66% 41% 25% By 2020, jobs requiring a career certificate or college degree Skills gap Too few students make it through college. MEMBER Kansas adults
A Neglected Aspect of the College Student Loan Trend By Lawrence Gladieux and Laura Perna May 2005 The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education National Center Report #05-2 2005 by The National
Student Aid Policy Analysis Papers Who Graduates with Excessive Student Loan Debt? www.studentaidpolicy.com/excessive debt/ Mark Kantrowitz President MK Consulting, Inc. December 14, 2015 Executive Summary
Student debt: what s the problem? October 9, 2014 Katie Buitrago Senior Policy and Communications Associate Woodstock Institute Chicago, Illinois P 312.368.0310 F 312.368.0316 email@example.com
New York State Trends in Student Financial Aid and Cost of Attendance Presented to the Higher Education Committee of the New York State Board of Regents January 10, 2011 Joseph Frey Glenwood Rowse Office
The High Cost of Low Graduation Rates: How Much Does Dropping Out of College Really Cost? Mark Schneider Vice President AIR Lu (Michelle) Yin Researcher AIR August 2011 www.air.org Contents Executive Summary...........................................................
Women s Participation in Education and the Workforce Council of Economic Advisers Updated October 14, 214 Executive Summary Over the past forty years, women have made substantial gains in the workforce
Fact Sheet: College Costs s to the most frequently asked questions about public higher education 1 Is tuition at public four-year universities really affordable? Regional Variation in Tuition and Fee Sticker
FACT SHEET April 2014 The Racial Wealth Gap: African Americans Facts At A Glance The median wealth of White households is 20 times that of African American households. The growing racial wealth gap occurring
Advancing Postsecondary Opportunity, Completion, and Productivity Essential Performance Indicators for Ohio and Selected Peer States 2012-2013 Midwestern Higher Education Compact 2012-13 State Performance
Chapter V: How Washington Compares with Other States Key Facts about Higher Education in Washington Page 56 Washington s public four-year colleges are highly productive in degree completion... An undergraduate
Chapter 2 Higher Education in Science and Engineering Highlights...2-4 Characteristics of the U.S. Higher Education System...2-4 Undergraduate Education, Enrollment, and Degrees...2-4 Graduate Education,
Financing the Future Postsecondary Students, Costs, and Financial Aid: 996-997 Household Economic Studies Issued October 2002 P70-83 INTRODUCTION increased, it has also become increasingly difficult for
College on Credit: How Borrowers Perceive Their Education Debt By Sandy Baum and Marie O Malley Sandy Baum is professor of economics at Skidmore College in Skidmore, PA. Marie O Malley is vice president
Student Loan Market Trends Is College Worth It Presenter: Kelly Savoie, Director Business Development April 2016 Agenda This presentation is an overview of trends in the industry and the value of a college
TEXAS Suggested Citation: Institute for Research on Higher Education. (2016). College Affordability Diagnosis: Texas. Philadelphia, PA: Institute for Research on Higher Education, Graduate School of Education,
EAIR/European Higher Education Society Annual Conference Barcelona, Spain September 6, 2004 Shifting the Burden: Public and Private Financing of Higher Education in the United States and Implications for