Timeline of Concerns & Complainants

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1 Timeline of Concerns & Complainants June 2007 BEUC & others express concerns to European Commission (EC) about Google/DoubleClick: "We fear that Google will vertically leverage (bundle/tie) its keyword search dominance with DoubleClick's leadership in online banner/video display advertising" December 2007 U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in its Google/ DoubleClick statement: We want to be clear, however, that we will closely watch these markets and, should Google engage in unlawful tying or other anticompetitive conduct, the [Federal Trade] Commission intends to act quickly Summer 2008 Anonymous complainant raises specific antitrust concerns about Google to EC August 2009 Euro Cities complains to German Competition Authority, later transferred to EC August 2009 Italian Competition Authority Settles FIEG (Italian Publishers) case with Google Autumn 2009 Ciao! complains to German Competition Authority, later transferred to EC November 2009 Foundem complains to EC December 2009 German Publishers Associations (VDZ & BDZV) complain to German Competition Authority, later transferred to EC February 2010 ejustice complains to EC August 2010 VfT complains to EC October 2010 French Competition Authority settles Navx case with Google October 2010 Hot-Map complains to German Competition Authority, later transferred to EC December 2010 French Competition Authority issues opinion about Google dominance in online advertising

2 December 2010 German Competition Authority transfers German Publishers Associations, Hot Map, Euro Cities & Ciao! complaints to EC January 2011 Interactive Labs complains to EC February PlusV (ejustice s parent) complains to EC March 2011 Microsoft complains to EC August 2011 Deal du Jour complains to EC December 2011 AEDE complains to EC Undefined 2011 ElfVoetbal complains to EC NNTP.it complains to EC January 2012 Twenga complains to EC March 2012 Expedia complains to EC March 2012 BEUC letter to VP Almunia: consumers have suffered harm from Google s dominance by being provided with partial results of their search queries Odigeo complains to EC TripAdvisor complains to EC Amadeus announces support for Expedia s complaint Lastminute.com calls for a full investigation into Google s practices in travel verticals June 2012 Nextag complains to EC

3 August 2012 Streetmap complains to EC January 2013 ICOMP complains to EC January 2013 Visual Meta complains to EC April 2013 FairSearch complains to EC November 2013 CEPIC complains to EC March 2014 BEUC complains to EC Contaxe complains to EC Open Internet Project complains to EC Deutsche Telekom complains to EC June 2014 Yelp complains to EC August 2014 HolidayCheck complains to EC European Commission (EC) Timeline February 24, 2010: EC announces it has received and is examining complaints against Google. November 30, 2010: EC launches formal antitrust investigation into Google s search business. EC spokesperson expects investigation to take at least a few months. March 31, 2011: EC spokesperson states that the EC s antitrust investigation is still at the preliminary stage.

4 January 18, 2012: VP Almunia indicates he will decide by end March 2012 whether or not to file formal charges against Google. May 4, 2012: VP Almunia tells Reuters We are not yet there. This is a complex case We are not in a hurry. We are very serious about the investigation. May 21, 2012: VP Almunia sends letter to Google outlining four principal areas of concern. June 10, 2012: VP Almunia says he expects to receive a response from Google by early July. September 20, 2012: VP Almunia indicates that discussions with Google cannot last forever: if a solution is not found quickly, he will continue with formal proceedings. December 5, 2012: VP Almunia states that the EC has not yet reached a decision in the Google case but we work quite intensively. December 18, 2012: VP Almunia meets with Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt and tells him that commitments must be submitted by January Early January 2013: VP Almunia: Google, people know very well that they need to provide results and real remedies. January 31, 2013: EC announces it has received proposed commitments from Google to resolve four key areas of concern. April 25, 2013: EC announces a one month market-test of proposed commitments for third parties. July 17, 2013: VP Almunia writes asking Google to present better proposals. September 8, 2013: VP Almunia announces receipt of revised Google commitments. September 13, 2013: Almunia says the outcome of the EC s Google investigation will be decided within weeks. October 1, 2013: VP Almunia says Google settlement on track following significant improvements to remedies. October 28, 2013: EC seeks market feedback on Google s revised remedies. December 20, 2013: VP Almunia states that the latest proposals are not acceptable in the sense that they are not proposals that can eliminate our concerns regarding competition". January 15, 2014: VP Almunia says the EC needs more from Google in the next weeks to settle the case. February 2014: VP Almunia announces Google s third set of proposals are capable of resolving antitrust concerns.

5 May/June 2014: EC holds State of Play meetings with formal complainants to inform them of EC s preliminary view that their complaints should be rejected, followed by pre-rejection letters addressed to complainants. May/June 2014: Complainants given one month to respond to EC pre-rejection letters. September 2014: EC states that Google must offer solutions to criticisms of the settlement offer raised by complainants and other third parties. September 10, 2014: VP Almunia says that it is unlikely he will conclude Google case before the end of his mandate in October. November 11, 2014: Incoming Competition Commissioner, Margrethe Vestager, announces she will need time to decide on the next steps in the Google investigation. Late December 2014: EC sends out new information requests on traffic & ad spending to complainants and third parties to update the Google case file. January/February 2015: Vestager holds meetings with complainants and third parties. March 2, 2015: Vestager meets with Google s Eric Schmidt.

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