Meet Clean Diesel. Improving Energy Security. Fueling Environmental Progress. Powering the Economy

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1 Meet Clean Diesel Improving Energy Security Fueling Environmental Progress Powering the Economy

2 What is Clean Diesel? Diesel power is cleaner and more vital to the U.S. economy than ever before. The diesel industry is on a path to produce virtually emissions-free vehicles and equipment while still retaining the efficiency, reliability and power long associated with diesel. This environmental progress is the result of the new clean diesel system combining cleaner diesel fuel, advanced engines and effective exhaust control technology. The Clean Diesel System Is Clean Diesel Fuel Clean diesel fuel containing 97% less sulfur than previous blends is now available nationwide. Using this ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) will immediately cut soot emissions from any diesel vehicle by 10 percent. And when combined with a new generation of engines and exhaust treatment, ULSD enables emissions reductions of over 95%. Advanced Engine Advances such as electronic controls, high-pressure and variable fuel injection, improved combustion chamber configuration, and turbochargers help make today s diesel engines cleaner, quieter and more powerful. Emissions Control Particulate filters and oxidation catalysts further reduce emissions of ozone-forming compounds and fine particles. And It Powers New cleaner vehicles and equipment Upgrades of existing engines to help achieve cleaner air

3 Improving Energy Security Want Even More Petroleum Reduction? In addition to its inherent fuel efficiency, diesel can help reduce petroleum consumption even further through: Today s diesel cars, trucks and SUVs are clean, quiet and fun to drive. They also deliver superior fuel economy typically 20% to 40% better than a comparable gasoline vehicle without requiring drivers to sacrifice the power and performance Americans demand. Biodiesel Diesel drivers have the option to fill up with blends of biodiesel a domestically produced, renewable fuel. Most engine and vehicle manufacturers have agreed to provide warranty coverage on the use of B5 (meaning a mixture of petroleum-based diesel fuel and 5% biodiesel) and are actively working with biodiesel representatives to resolve outstanding concerns on the quality and performance of higher blends. 600, , ,000 Growing Diesel Registrations More Americans are discovering diesel as an alternative fuel option. Annual registration of diesel passenger vehicles has grown by 80%, from just over 300,000 in 2000 to nearly 550,000 in And most analysts expect this trend to continue. Researchers at J.D. Power and Associates predict that diesel sales will triple in the next 10 years, growing to more than 10% of U.S. vehicle sales by up from 3.6% in Greater use of diesel technology would help the U.S. reduce petroleum consumption and improve energy security. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that America could save up to 1.4 million barrels of oil per day an amount equivalent to the oil we currently import from Saudi Arabia if one-third of U.S. cars, pickup trucks and SUVs were diesel-powered. 300, , ,000 80% Increase More Clean Diesel Cars, Pickups and SUVs equals Source: R.L. Polk & Company, 2005 Diesel hybrid technology Diesel hybrids hold the promise of significant efficiency gains for commercial vehicles. By combining a smaller, fuel-efficient clean diesel engine with an advanced electric or hydraulic system, hybrid buses and delivery vehicles have demonstrated significantly improved fuel economy, along with reduced exhaust emissions and enhanced performance.... Less Oil Consumption

4 Fueling Environmental Progress The diesel industry s significant investment in research and development has fostered a continuous improvement in technology, resulting in a dramatic reduction in overall diesel emissions levels. Cleaner Air America s air quality is improving, and diesel has been part of the solution. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, total emissions of the six principal air pollutants have declined by 53% since Not surprisingly, diesel exhaust now represents a small and declining share of the nation s overall emissions inventory. Diesel 1.9% Diesel 4.4% Diesel 32.6% Diesel 3.1% Diesel 2.7% Sources 98.1% Sources 95.6% Sources 67.4% Sources 96.9% Sources 97.3% Carbon Monoxide Fine Particles Nitrogen Oxides Sulfur Dioxide Volatile Organic Compounds Source: U.S. EPA National Emissions Inventory - Average Annual Emissions, All Criteria Pollutants: Based on most current data And Reduced Greenhouse Gas Emissions Technologies and actions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions are increasingly attractive to national, state and local policymakers, and greater use of clean diesel in the U.S. could play a helpful role. With diesel s superior engine efficiency and the fuel s higher energy content, diesel vehicles can do the same amount of work while burning less fuel than their gasoline counterparts, typically resulting in a 10% to 20% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions.

5 Thanks to the Continuous Improvement of Clean Diesel A new generation of clean diesel is fueling even greater environmental progress. As of 2007, exhaust from a clean diesel truck or bus is so clean that it would take 60 new trucks to equal the soot emissions of one truck sold in By 2010, truck and bus emissions levels will be near zero a total reduction of 98% from The EPA predicts that these new trucks, once they fully replace the existing fleet, will reduce emissions of smog-forming gases by 2.6 million tons each year and cut soot emissions by 110,000 tons annually. Clean Diesel = Clean Air PM (g/bhp-hr) Smog-Forming Gases 98% Reduction NOx Phase-In NOx (g/bhp-hr) 0.1 Soot Model Year Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency On-Highway Heavy Duty Diesel Emissions Reductions Similar levels of emissions improvement will phase in for diesel construction and agricultural equipment within the next decade; for locomotive and marine vessels shortly thereafter. Upgrading the Existing Fleet Many of the same clean diesel technologies developed for new engines can be applied to older vehicles and equipment. A number of cities and states struggling to meet strict federal clean air standards have found that clean diesel retrofits are a cost effective way to achieve real and immediate air quality progress. The nationwide availability of ultra-low sulfur fuel will help expand these retrofit opportunities. However, funding through EPA s Diesel Emissions Reduction Program and the Federal Highway Administration s Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) program is critical to expedite these air quality benefits. Alternative Fuel Buses Signal Optimization Bike Racks on Buses Vanpool Programs Repower Construction Equipment Transit Bus Retrofit Cost Per Ton of Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Reduced $19,500 $10,500 $5,390 $5,000 $66,700 $126,400 0 $30,000 $60,000 $90,000 $120,000 $150,000 Diesel Retrofit Solutions Transportation Strategies For a more detailed anaylsis of the cost-effectiveness of emission reduction strategies and full sourcing information, visit

6 How Government Can Help The regulatory framework necessary to ensure clean diesel s arrival is already in place. However, government can still help in three key areas: Remain technology and fuel neutral Rather than picking winners and losers from the vast array of promising alternative energy sources, Forum members support setting fair standards and then letting the marketplace choose the preferred solution. Provide incentive funding for retrofit Clean diesel retrofits are one of the most cost-effective strategies for achieving real and immediate air quality improvements. Support for federal and state diesel retrofit funding programs is needed to make the environmental benefits more economically appealing for equipment and vehicle owners. Help speed adoption of new clean diesel New vehicles and equipment are significantly cleaner, but also more expensive. Congress should consider financial incentives that encourage customers to purchase revolutionary new clean air technologies, including new clean diesel trucks. Fast Facts Ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel with 97% less sulfur than traditional diesel is now available nationwide. Exhaust from new clean diesel trucks is so clean it passes the white handkerchief test. If you hold a handkerchief next to the tailpipe and rev the engine, it stays white picking up no smell or black soot. America could save up to 1.4 million barrels of oil per day an amount equivalent to the oil we currently import from Saudi Arabia if one-third of U.S. cars, pickup trucks and SUVs were diesel-powered. In 2007 It will take 60 clean diesel trucks to equal the soot emissions...of one truck sold in Innovative retrofit technologies can reduce emissions from existing diesel engines by 25% to 90%. Rudolf Diesel first patented the diesel engine in This economic workhorse of the past century is now transformed into an environmental workhorse for the next century.

7 Powering the Economy Diesel is the backbone of the American economy, powering vehicles and equipment in many critical sectors. Transportation Diesel buses move 14 million people to their jobs and schools every day. Diesel trucks, trains, boats and barges move 94 percent of the nation s goods more than 18 million tons of freight each day. Construction Diesel powers nearly all the heavy construction equipment that builds our roads, bridges, homes and schools. Agriculture Diesel is the workhorse of the modern farm and fuels two-thirds of all agricultural equipment. Public Safety Call 9-1-1, and odds are high that a piece of diesel-powered equipment will respond. Fire trucks, ambulances and other rescue equipment all rely on diesel. What Makes Diesel Different? Diesel is the dominant power source in key sectors of the economy, thanks to a combination of unique attributes. Efficiency No other internal combustion engine in the world is more fuel-efficient. Durability Diesel engines routinely run for hundreds of thousands if not millions of miles. Versatility From a 10-horsepower hand-held engine to a 2,500-horsepower mining truck, diesel can power virtually any sized job. Immediacy Constantly evolving, diesel is a familiar and proven technology with an existing fueling infrastructure and a 100-year track record of success. Power Diesel delivers the torque and power necessary to complete tough jobs. The Diesel Technology Forum is a nonprofit organization dedicated to raising awareness about the progress and potential of diesel technology in all applications. It represents the leaders of the diesel industry including engine and equipment makers, key component manufacturers, fuel producers and emissions control technology manufacturers. The Forum brings together a broad range of diesel stakeholders including diesel users, public & environmental interest groups and government regulators to encourage the exchange of information, findings and ideas about the current and future use of diesel technology. For more information, visit Printed on recycled paper Soy-based inks

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