Scalable Frequency Generation from Single Optical Wave

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Scalable Frequency Generation from Single Optical Wave"

Transcription

1 Scalable Frequency Generation from Single Optical Wave S. Radic Jacobs School Of Engineering Qualcomm Institute University of California San Diego

2 - Motivation - Bandwidth Engineering - Noise Inhibition and Coherency Limit - Spectral Shaping - Implications: - Optical - RF/Wireless

3 2xN 1 RX RX 1 2 RX RX 2 3 RX AWG N Channels AWG RX 3 N RX RX N

4 Carrier Generation Physical Parameter ITLA F-Generation Spectral Coverage (nm) 74? Power (dbm) ? RIN (dbc/hz) -145? OSNR.1 nm (db) >5? f(mhz).1? F-stability (GHz) ±1.5 (±3.)? Power Dissipation (W) ?

5 Main Idea: Eliminate Multiple Actives LD/TEC LD/TEC LD/TEC LD/TEC LD/TEC f Conventional LD Array dbm-level Optical Power OSNR > 4 db Multi-band Wavelength Range MHz Linewidth Individual Frequency Tracking Required kw/mw-level Power Dissipation Frequency Comb Output Power? OSNR? Emission Bandwidth and Spacing? Linewidth? Frequency Grid Locked Watt-scale Power Dissipation

6 Mode-Locked Lasers - Cavity-defined - Fixed grid, f, bandwidth limits - Low harmonic power - Excess noise ~ f -1 P t E/O Modulation - Grid limited by RF generator - Noise defined by front loss Resonant Generation - Noise, Power AM f1 PM AM PM f2 f3 f4 J. Pfeifle et. al. 213.

7 Frequency Comb Generation in Ideal Mixer Ideal Lasers (Narrow Linewidth) Mixer f f + f f f + f +2 f +3 f +n f Advantage: No cavity freely tunable. Disadvantage: No cavity means no inhibition mechanism. - Noise introduced and grown by mixer.

8 Kerr Index (n 2 ) Platform W -1 m -1 Mixer efficiency - ratio Waveguide Nonlinearity Mixer of newly created and input photons: Silicon Waveguide Silica Waveguide Effective Area (A eff ) m 2 ~ 2.6 e PL ( =2 n 2 / A eff ) Loss db/m Effective Length (m) FOM PL) Figure Of Merit (FOM) >1.5 7

9 Pulsed vs. Continuous-Wave Generation Mode-Locked Seed P ML t Mixer f Two-Tone CW P CW f Mixer f CW-seeding is low power Requires higher mixing efficiency

10 CW-Seeded Frequency Generation Efficiency ω t Dispersion-less Nonlinear Medium ω t Tone order k Highest tone order k PL Phase rotation parameter m Modified Carson s Rule for HPM Efficiency Limit set by SBS Threshold P SBS 21A eff gl ksbs PSBS L 1 B 42 n gb for ordinary silica fiber High-Count generation is prohibited for SBS-suppressed mixer in homogeneous mixers

11 CW-Seeded Frequency Generation Efficiency Δω ω ω P peak t Dispersion-less Nonlinear Medium t Higher-order mixing efficiency proportional to Peak Power P peak

12 Shock-Wave Mixer Pulse Compression Stage Mixing Stage Nonlinear Section 1 Linear Section Nonlinear Section 2 t t t

13 Attempt to synthesize CW-seeded mixer using fiber fails. -1 Fiber m Fiber m Fiber m -2 Power, dbm Wavelength, nm

14 D(z), r(z) ~nm z 1.5 Dispersion, ps/nm/km Wavelength, nm

15 D peak =.6 ps/nm/km D peak =.4 ps/nm/km D peak =.2 ps/nm/km D peak =. ps/nm/km D peak = -.2 ps/nm/km D peak = -.4 ps/nm/km 15

16 Beyond Stochastic Barrier Standard Dispersion, ps/nm/km Synthetic Wavelength, nm 1/27/213

17 Stochastic Barrier -1-2 Before Synthesis Power, dbm After Synthesis Walelength, nm

18 Relative Power (db) Wavelength (nm)

19 - Motivation - Bandwidth Engineering - Noise Inhibition and Coherency Limit - Spectral Shaping - Implications: - Optical - RF/Wireless

20 Carrier Generation Noise Origins Mixer Excess Mixer Noise

21 Finite-Linewidth Laser Seed Ideal Lasers (Narrow Linewidth) Mixer f f + f f f + f +2 f +3 f +n f Finite Linewidth Laser ( ) 2 3 n f f + Linewidth f Mixer f f + f +2 f +3 f +n f Higher-Order tone linewidth: N ~ N N ~ N 2

22 Carrier Generation Phase-Referencing by Injection Locking Slave Master Weak, narrow master; Strong, broad slave; Injection locking results in strong, narrow oscillator.

23 Carrier Generation Spectral Fidelity Amplitude Normalized Span 5 MHz Frequency (MHz) RIO C33 1st line 5th line 1th line 15th line 2th line 25th line 3th line Linewidth FWHM (khz) Linewidth broadens quadratically with comb tone order At low copy count there is also the linear contribution to linewidth scaling law Measurement 2nd order polynomial fit Comb line

24 Relative Power (db) Wavelength (nm) Comb Quadrature COMB In Phase Quadrature ITLA In Phase

25 - Motivation - Bandwidth Engineering - Noise Inhibition and Coherency Limit - Spectral Shaping - Implications: - Optical - RF/Wireless

26 Carrier Generation Shock-Wave Parametric Mixer Uses CW, rather than pulsed seed: achieves generation efficiency by managed shock-wave formation. Tunable frequency grid: from 1 GHz to > 4 GHz. Requires precise intra-mixer waveform control. f f Dispersive stage Nonlinear stage f AM PM Nonlinear stage 2 Δf Δf t t

27 Carrier Generation Inter-stage Shock-wave Shaping Pedestal pulses may form at high compression ratio Introduces spectral power ripple Regenerative stage reshapes pulses into ideal form Active loop improves extinction by >1-times Dispersive element NOLM Nonlinear element f AM PM Δf Δf 2 t P out t P in

28 Setup Power [db] THz Frequency [THz] THz Frequency [THz] THz Frequency [THz] Frequency [THz] 1 GHz 2 SMF 1 NOLM 1 SMF 2 NOLM 2 SMF 3 HNLF AM PM Amplitude Time [ps] Time [ps] Time [ps] Time [ps]

29 Carrier Generation Very Dense Carrier Plan (1 GHz) Power [db] <2 db >15 lines Wavelength [nm] Power [db] Frequency [THz] Frequency [THz] Frequency [THz]

30 - Motivation - Bandwidth Engineering - Noise Inhibition and Coherency Limit - Spectral Shaping - Implications: - Optical - RF/Wireless

31 Carrier Generation

32 NF (db) PS-Multicasting PI-Multicasting Isotropic Mixer 5.6 db NF Improvement dB Quantum Limit Frequency (THz)

33 -4-5 PI-scheme log (BER) -6-7 PS-scheme EDFA db Input Power [dbm]

Limiting factors in fiber optic transmissions

Limiting factors in fiber optic transmissions Limiting factors in fiber optic transmissions Sergiusz Patela, Dr Sc Room I/48, Th. 13:00-16:20, Fri. 9:20-10:50 sergiusz.patela@pwr.wroc.pl eportal.pwr.wroc.pl Copying and processing permitted for noncommercial

More information

The Fiber Laser Advantage

The Fiber Laser Advantage The Fiber Laser Advantage White Paper PN 200-0200-00 Revision 1.1 January 2009 Calmar Laser, Inc www.calmarlaser.com Overview With the fiber optics revolution for telecommunications in the 1980s, fiber

More information

Amplification Atomic (or molecular, or semiconductor) system has energy levels Some higher energy states are stable for a short time (ps to ms)

Amplification Atomic (or molecular, or semiconductor) system has energy levels Some higher energy states are stable for a short time (ps to ms) Part 5: Lasers Amplification Atomic (or molecular, or semiconductor) system has energy levels Some higher energy states are stable for a short time (ps to ms) Incident photon can trigger emission of an

More information

Pulsewidth and noise properties of external-cavity mode-locked semiconductor lasers:

Pulsewidth and noise properties of external-cavity mode-locked semiconductor lasers: Pulsewidth and noise properties of external-cavity mode-locked semiconductor lasers: Simulations and experiments Josep Mulet IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Palma de Mallorca, Spain Center COM, Technical University

More information

Making OSNR Measurements In a Modulated DWDM Signal Environment

Making OSNR Measurements In a Modulated DWDM Signal Environment Making OSNR Measurements In a Modulated DWDM Signal Environment Jack Dupre Jim Stimple Making OSNR measurements in a modulated DWDM signal environment May 2001 In a DWDM spectrum, it is desirable to measure

More information

Four Wave Mixing in Closely Spaced DWDM Optical Channels

Four Wave Mixing in Closely Spaced DWDM Optical Channels 544 VOL. 1, NO. 2, AUGUST 2006 Four Wave Mixing in Closely Spaced DWDM Optical Channels Moncef Tayahi *, Sivakumar Lanka, and Banmali Rawat Advanced Photonics Research lab, Department of Electrical Engineering

More information

Photonics for the Coherent CFP2-ACO Unlocking 100G and 200G for the Metro

Photonics for the Coherent CFP2-ACO Unlocking 100G and 200G for the Metro Photonics for the Coherent CFP2-ACO Unlocking 100G and 200G for the Metro Brandon Collings JDSU September, 2014 ECOC This communication contains forward looking product development plans based on our current

More information

Introduction to Optical Link Design

Introduction to Optical Link Design University of Cyprus Πανεπιστήµιο Κύπρου 1 Introduction to Optical Link Design Stavros Iezekiel Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Cyprus HMY 445 Lecture 08 Fall Semester 2014

More information

Ultrastable mode-locked fiber lasers and their application to optical comb delivery through optical fiber networks

Ultrastable mode-locked fiber lasers and their application to optical comb delivery through optical fiber networks NMIJ-BIPM Workshop in Tsukuba 25 Ultrastable mode-locked fiber lasers and their application to optical comb delivery through optical fiber networks Masataka Nakazawa Research Institute of Electrical Communication

More information

DWDM TESTING WITH A HIGH-POWER SLICED ASE COMB SOURCE

DWDM TESTING WITH A HIGH-POWER SLICED ASE COMB SOURCE DWDM TESTING WITH A HIGH-POWER SLICED ASE COMB SOURCE V. I. Karpov, J. Bernas, V.B. Ivanov, W. R. L Clements MPB Communications Inc., 147 Hymus Boulevard, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H9R 1E9, email: vladimir.karpov@mpbc.ca

More information

Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping

Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping A.M. Weiner*, Z. Jiang, D.E. Leaird, C.-B. Huang, and J. Caraquitena Purdue University amw@purdue.edu http://ece.www.ecn.purdue.edu/~amw ecn purdue edu/ * On sabbatical

More information

Optimizing IP3 and ACPR Measurements

Optimizing IP3 and ACPR Measurements Optimizing IP3 and ACPR Measurements Table of Contents 1. Overview... 2 2. Theory of Intermodulation Distortion... 2 3. Optimizing IP3 Measurements... 4 4. Theory of Adjacent Channel Power Ratio... 9 5.

More information

Analysis of Four Wave Mixing Effect at Different Channel Spacing in DWDM Systems Using EDFA with Single Pump Source

Analysis of Four Wave Mixing Effect at Different Channel Spacing in DWDM Systems Using EDFA with Single Pump Source Analysis of Four Wave Mixing Effect at Different Channel Spacing in DWDM Systems Using EDFA with Single Pump Source Narinder Singh 1, Ashok K. Goel 2 1Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering,

More information

CISCO DWDM XENPAK. Main features of the Cisco DWDM XENPAK include:

CISCO DWDM XENPAK. Main features of the Cisco DWDM XENPAK include: DATA SHEET CISCO DWDM XENPAK OVERVIEW The Cisco Dense Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (DWDM) XENPAK pluggable allows enterprise companies and service providers to provide scalable and easy-to-deploy 10

More information

Dispersion penalty test 1550 Serial

Dispersion penalty test 1550 Serial Dispersion penalty test 1550 Serial Peter Öhlen & Krister Fröjdh Optillion Irvine, January 2001 Dispersion penalty test, 1550 serial Page 1 SMF Transmission at 1550 nm Different from multi-mode transmission

More information

Performance Analysis of Gb/s DWDM Optical System using YDFA for Different Channels Spacing

Performance Analysis of Gb/s DWDM Optical System using YDFA for Different Channels Spacing Performance Analysis of 32 10 Gb/s DWDM Optical System using YDFA for Different Channels Spacing Mandeep Kour Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Guru Nanak Dev University, Regional

More information

Directly modulated CWDM/DWDM system using negative dispersion fiber for metro network application

Directly modulated CWDM/DWDM system using negative dispersion fiber for metro network application Optics Communications 245 (2005) 171 176 www.elsevier.com/locate/optcom Directly modulated /DWDM system using negative dispersion fiber for metro network application H.S. Chung, Y.C. Chung * Korea Advanced

More information

Modeling and Performance Analysis of DWDM Based 100 Gbps Low Power Inter-satellite Optical Wireless Communication (LP-IsOWC) System

Modeling and Performance Analysis of DWDM Based 100 Gbps Low Power Inter-satellite Optical Wireless Communication (LP-IsOWC) System ISSN(Print): 2377-0538 ISSN(Online): 2377-0546 DOI: 10.15764/STSP.2015.01001 Volume 2, Number 1, January 2015 SOP TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING Modeling and Performance Analysis of DWDM Based 100 Gbps

More information

10Gb/s Compact InP MZ Modulator with DWDM Laser

10Gb/s Compact InP MZ Modulator with DWDM Laser 10Gb/s Compact InP MZ Modulator with DWDM Laser LMC10NEG Negative Chirp - High Power The LMC10NEG product, containing the Bookham Technologies ultra high power Strained Layer (MQW) DFB laser chip and negative

More information

Challenges in DWDM System Spectral Analysis By Laurent Begin and Jim Nerschook

Challenges in DWDM System Spectral Analysis By Laurent Begin and Jim Nerschook Challenges in DWDM System Spectral Analysis By Laurent Begin and Jim Nerschook TABLE OF CONTENTS: 1.0 Satisfying the Thirst for Bandwidth 02 2.0 The Solution, DWDM 02 3.0 Resolution 04 4.0 Wavelength Accuracy

More information

Agilent AN 1315 Optimizing RF and Microwave Spectrum Analyzer Dynamic Range. Application Note

Agilent AN 1315 Optimizing RF and Microwave Spectrum Analyzer Dynamic Range. Application Note Agilent AN 1315 Optimizing RF and Microwave Spectrum Analyzer Dynamic Range Application Note Table of Contents 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 6 7 7 7 7 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 15 1. Introduction What is dynamic range?

More information

An Interferometric Microwave Comb Generator

An Interferometric Microwave Comb Generator An Interferometric Microwave Comb Generator R. Kimberk, C. E. Tong, H. Gibson, R. W. Wilson, R. Blundell, S. Paine, and T. R. Hunter Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory 60, Garden Street, Cambridge,

More information

Modulation Formats for High-Speed, Long-Haul Fiber Optic Communication Systems

Modulation Formats for High-Speed, Long-Haul Fiber Optic Communication Systems Modulation Formats for High-Speed, Long-Haul Fiber Optic Communication Systems Anjali Singh, Ph.D. Inphi Corporation, 2393 Townsgate Rd #101, Westlake Village, CA 91361 1. Introduction The goal of an optical

More information

Four Wave Mixing In DWDM Optical System

Four Wave Mixing In DWDM Optical System International Journal of Computational Engineering Research Vol, 03 Issue, 6 Four Wave Mixing In DWDM Optical System Gouri Deshmukh 1, Prof.Santosh Jagtap 2 (Vidyalankar Institute Of Technology,Electronics

More information

High Capacity Optical Fiber Link Design For Telecommunication Backbone Network

High Capacity Optical Fiber Link Design For Telecommunication Backbone Network High Capacity Optical Fiber Link Design For Telecommunication Backbone Network Imran Khan, M. Jakub Oleszko Abstract:- Telecommunication traffic (voice, data etc.) is increasing day by day. So to meet

More information

Suppression of Four Wave Mixing in 8 Channel DWDM System Using Hybrid Modulation Technique

Suppression of Four Wave Mixing in 8 Channel DWDM System Using Hybrid Modulation Technique International Journal of Electronic and Electrical Engineering. ISSN 0974-2174, Volume 7, Number 2 (2014), pp. 97-108 International Research Publication House http://www.irphouse.com Suppression of Four

More information

Simulative Analysis of 40 Gbps DWDM System under the Impact of Channel Spacing

Simulative Analysis of 40 Gbps DWDM System under the Impact of Channel Spacing , pp.119-126 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/ijsip.2015.8.11.12 Simulative Analysis of 40 Gbps DWDM System under the Impact of Channel Spacing Karanjot Singh *, Jyotsana and Jyoteesh Malhotra Department of

More information

Golden test for dispersion penalty 1550 Serial

Golden test for dispersion penalty 1550 Serial Golden test for dispersion penalty 1550 Serial Peter Öhlen, Krister Fröjdh (Optillion) Tampa, November 2000 Golden test for dispersion penalty, 1550 serial Page 1 SMF Transmission at 1550 nm Different

More information

Circuit Envelope Simulation

Circuit Envelope Simulation Circuit Envelope Simulation Slide 8-1 What is Circuit Envelope? Time samples the modulation envelope (not carrier) Compute the spectrum at each time sample Output a time-varying spectrum Use equations

More information

Up to 24-Tb/s Capacity: Raman Amplification for Terabit Optical Networking Today and Tomorrow

Up to 24-Tb/s Capacity: Raman Amplification for Terabit Optical Networking Today and Tomorrow Up to 24-Tb/s Capacity: Raman Amplification for Terabit Optical Networking Today and Tomorrow Introduction Development of bandwidth-hungry applications, minimization of the cost per transported bit, optimization

More information

Module 13 : Measurements on Fiber Optic Systems

Module 13 : Measurements on Fiber Optic Systems Module 13 : Measurements on Fiber Optic Systems Lecture : Measurements on Fiber Optic Systems Objectives In this lecture you will learn the following Measurements on Fiber Optic Systems Attenuation (Loss)

More information

Application Note: Spread Spectrum Oscillators Reduce EMI for High Speed Digital Systems

Application Note: Spread Spectrum Oscillators Reduce EMI for High Speed Digital Systems Application Note: Spread Spectrum Oscillators Reduce EMI for High Speed Digital Systems Introduction to Electro-magnetic Interference Design engineers seek to minimize harmful interference between components,

More information

OM2210 Coherent Receiver Calibration Source OM2210 Datasheet

OM2210 Coherent Receiver Calibration Source OM2210 Datasheet OM2210 Coherent Receiver Calibration Source OM2210 Datasheet Class 1M Laser Safety Product IEC/UL 60950-1 Safety Certified Applications Calibration of Coherent Receiver Front-end Characteristics for Use

More information

MATRIX TECHNICAL NOTES

MATRIX TECHNICAL NOTES 200 WOOD AVENUE, MIDDLESEX, NJ 08846 PHONE (732) 469-9510 FAX (732) 469-0418 MATRIX TECHNICAL NOTES MTN-107 TEST SETUP FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF X-MOD, CTB, AND CSO USING A MEAN SQUARE CIRCUIT AS A DETECTOR

More information

APSYN420A/B Specification 1.24. 0.65-20.0 GHz Low Phase Noise Synthesizer

APSYN420A/B Specification 1.24. 0.65-20.0 GHz Low Phase Noise Synthesizer APSYN420A/B Specification 1.24 0.65-20.0 GHz Low Phase Noise Synthesizer 1 Introduction The APSYN420 is a wideband low phase-noise synthesizer operating from 0.65 to 20 GHz. The nominal output power is

More information

High-Frequency Engineering / Photonics

High-Frequency Engineering / Photonics Technische Universität Berlin High-Frequency Engineering / Photonics K. Petermann petermann@tu-berlin.de Main campus High-Frequency Engineering. Electrical Engineering. Technical Acoustics High Voltage

More information

Quantum cascade laser based TERAhertz frequency COMB

Quantum cascade laser based TERAhertz frequency COMB Quantum cascade laser based TERAhertz frequency COMB (FET open project and a way into it...) www.teracomb.eu Juraj Darmo Technische Universität Wien, Ins1tut für Fotonik Talk outline 1. TERACOMB facts

More information

Plastic Optical Fiber for In-Home communication systems

Plastic Optical Fiber for In-Home communication systems Plastic Optical Fiber for In-Home communication systems Davide Visani 29 October 2010 Bologna E-mail: davide.visani3@unibo.it Summary Reason for Fiber in the Home (FITH) FITH scenario Comparison of CAT5

More information

Light Link Series 2 LT1550. Laser Transmitter with Erbium Doped Fibre Amplifier. Description. Features

Light Link Series 2 LT1550. Laser Transmitter with Erbium Doped Fibre Amplifier. Description. Features Description The Light Link Series 2 optical transmitter model employs a high performance thermally stabilised, DFB, low-chirp, isolated laser to transmit CATV signals. Operating on a specific optical wavelength

More information

R&S FSW signal and spectrum analyzer: best in class now up to 50 GHz

R&S FSW signal and spectrum analyzer: best in class now up to 50 GHz R&S FSW signal and spectrum analyzer: best in class now up to 50 GHz The new R&S FSW 43 and R&S FSW 50 signal and spectrum analyzers make the outstanding features of the R&S FSW family available now also

More information

Microwave signal generators

Microwave signal generators Course on Microwave Measurements Microwave signal generators Prof. Luca Perregrini Dept. of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering University of Pavia e-mail: luca.perregrini@unipv.it web: microwave.unipv.it

More information

Dispersion in Optical Fibers

Dispersion in Optical Fibers Dispersion in Optical Fibers By Gildas Chauvel Anritsu Corporation TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction Chromatic Dispersion (CD): Definition and Origin; Limit and Compensation; and Measurement Methods Polarization

More information

A Network Analyzer For Active Components

A Network Analyzer For Active Components A Network Analyzer For Active Components EEEfCom 29-30 Juni ULM Marc Vanden Bossche, NMDG Engineering Remi Tuijtelaars, BSW Copyright 2005 NMDG Engineering Version 2 Outline Review of S-parameters Theory

More information

Wavelength Division Multiplexing

Wavelength Division Multiplexing WDM Wavelength Division Multiplexing -CWDM vs DWDM- Fargo, ND 1 Agenda 1. Overview 2. Fiber Cable WDM Characteristics 3. CWDM Course WDM 4. DWDM Dense WDM 5. Applications Best Fit- Future? 6. Summary Fargo,

More information

1550 Video Overlay for FTTH

1550 Video Overlay for FTTH 1550 Video Overlay for FTTH The New Old Reliable Fernando Villarruel Leonard Ray John McKeon Service Provider Video Technology Group 1 Presentation Overview Background of Overlay in PON Deployment Architecture

More information

Large-Capacity Optical Transmission Technologies Supporting the Optical Submarine Cable System

Large-Capacity Optical Transmission Technologies Supporting the Optical Submarine Cable System Large-Capacity Optical Transmission Technologies Supporting the Optical Submarine Cable System INOUE Takanori Abstract As one of the foundations of the global network, the submarine cable system is required

More information

Jitter Transfer Functions in Minutes

Jitter Transfer Functions in Minutes Jitter Transfer Functions in Minutes In this paper, we use the SV1C Personalized SerDes Tester to rapidly develop and execute PLL Jitter transfer function measurements. We leverage the integrated nature

More information

Installation, Commissioning and Operation of the Master Laser Oscillator at FLASH

Installation, Commissioning and Operation of the Master Laser Oscillator at FLASH Installation, Commissioning and Operation of the Master Laser Oscillator at FLASH Patrick Geßler DESY II Timing & Synchronization Workshop, ICTP, Trieste 09.03.2009 V. Arsov, B. Bayer, M. K. Bock, M. Felber,

More information

The front end of the receiver performs the frequency translation, channel selection and amplification of the signal.

The front end of the receiver performs the frequency translation, channel selection and amplification of the signal. Many receivers must be capable of handling a very wide range of signal powers at the input while still producing the correct output. This must be done in the presence of noise and interference which occasionally

More information

ULTRAFAST LASERS: Free electron lasers thrive from synergy with ultrafast laser systems

ULTRAFAST LASERS: Free electron lasers thrive from synergy with ultrafast laser systems Page 1 of 6 ULTRAFAST LASERS: Free electron lasers thrive from synergy with ultrafast laser systems Free electron lasers support unique time-resolved experiments over a wide range of x-ray wavelengths,

More information

Fiber optic communication

Fiber optic communication Fiber optic communication Fiber optic communication Outline Introduction Properties of single- and multi-mode fiber Optical fiber manufacture Optical network concepts Robert R. McLeod, University of Colorado

More information

Introduction to Receivers

Introduction to Receivers Introduction to Receivers Purpose: translate RF signals to baseband Shift frequency Amplify Filter Demodulate Why is this a challenge? Interference (selectivity, images and distortion) Large dynamic range

More information

CHAPTER 4 MULTI-WAVELENGTH BRILLOUIN BISMUTH /ERBIUM FIBER LASER. The telecommunications industry has tremendous progress for capacity over the

CHAPTER 4 MULTI-WAVELENGTH BRILLOUIN BISMUTH /ERBIUM FIBER LASER. The telecommunications industry has tremendous progress for capacity over the CHAPTER 4 MULTI-WAVELENGTH BRILLOUIN BISMUTH /ERBIUM FIBER LASER 4.1 Introduction The telecommunications industry has tremendous progress for capacity over the last few years due to the rapid growing usage

More information

The Phase Modulator In NBFM Voice Communication Systems

The Phase Modulator In NBFM Voice Communication Systems The Phase Modulator In NBFM Voice Communication Systems Virgil Leenerts 8 March 5 The phase modulator has been a point of discussion as to why it is used and not a frequency modulator in what are called

More information

HDO700 P FIBRE OPTIC TRANSMITTER

HDO700 P FIBRE OPTIC TRANSMITTER Timo Rantanen 18.1.2011 1(5) HDO700 P FIBRE OPTIC TRANSMITTER HDO700 P is a high performance, extremely linear externally modulated 1550 nm transmitter for HDO fibre optic CATV link. This transmitter type

More information

Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower. Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics

Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower. Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics Learning Objectives Name the major measurement strengths of a swept-tuned spectrum analyzer Explain the importance of frequency

More information

RF Network Analyzer Basics

RF Network Analyzer Basics RF Network Analyzer Basics A tutorial, information and overview about the basics of the RF Network Analyzer. What is a Network Analyzer and how to use them, to include the Scalar Network Analyzer (SNA),

More information

Lecture 1: Communication Circuits

Lecture 1: Communication Circuits EECS 142 Lecture 1: Communication Circuits Prof. Ali M. Niknejad University of California, Berkeley Copyright c 2005 by Ali M. Niknejad A. M. Niknejad University of California, Berkeley EECS 142 Lecture

More information

Advanced Modulation Formats in Data Centre Communications Michael J. Wale Director Active Products Research

Advanced Modulation Formats in Data Centre Communications Michael J. Wale Director Active Products Research Advanced Modulation Formats in Data Centre Communications Michael J. Wale Director Active Products Research 2 nd Symposium on Optical Interconnects in Data Centres ECOC, Cannes, 23rd September 2014 1 2014

More information

Frequency Space Measurement of the Spectrum of a Mode-Locked Diode Laser

Frequency Space Measurement of the Spectrum of a Mode-Locked Diode Laser College of William and Mary W&M Publish College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses Theses, Dissertations, & Master Projects 5-2010 Frequency Space Measurement of the Spectrum of a Mode-Locked

More information

Optical Communications Analysis of transmission systems. Henrique Salgado hsalgado@fe.up.pt. Point-to-point system

Optical Communications Analysis of transmission systems. Henrique Salgado hsalgado@fe.up.pt. Point-to-point system Optical Communications Analysis of transmission systems 2007-2008 Henrique Salgado hsalgado@fe.up.pt 1 Point-to-point system The project of a point-to-point link involves, in general, many interrelated

More information

Model GS7000 4-Port Node 1 GHz with 40/52 MHz split

Model GS7000 4-Port Node 1 GHz with 40/52 MHz split Model GS7000 4-Port Node 1 GHz with 40/52 MHz split The Model GS7000 4-Port Node is our latest generation 1 GHz optical node platform and utilizes a completely new housing designed for optimal heat dissipation.

More information

Large effective area non-zero dispersion shifted fiber in metro/provincial network environments

Large effective area non-zero dispersion shifted fiber in metro/provincial network environments Large effective area non-zero dispersion shifted fiber in metro/provincial network environments John D. Downie* a, Frank Annunziata a, Adam Filios b, Tim Kennedy c, Donghyun Kim d, Seung Oh e a Corning

More information

Analysis and Improvement of Mach Zehnder Modulator Linearity Performance for Chirped and Tunable Optical Carriers

Analysis and Improvement of Mach Zehnder Modulator Linearity Performance for Chirped and Tunable Optical Carriers 886 JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 20, NO. 5, MAY 2002 Analysis and Improvement of Mach Zehnder Modulator Linearity Performance for Chirped and Tunable Optical Carriers S. Dubovitsky, Member, IEEE,

More information

Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower. Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics

Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower. Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics Agenda Overview: Spectrum analysis and its measurements Theory of Operation: Spectrum analyzer hardware Frequency Specifications

More information

Millimeter-Wave Radio-over-Fiber Links. based on Mode-Locked Laser Diodes. Friederike Brendel. ^<IT Scientific. Publishing

Millimeter-Wave Radio-over-Fiber Links. based on Mode-Locked Laser Diodes. Friederike Brendel. ^<IT Scientific. Publishing Millimeter-Wave Radio-over-Fiber Links based on Mode-Locked Laser Diodes by Friederike Brendel ^

More information

Tx/Rx A high-performance FM receiver for audio and digital applicatons

Tx/Rx A high-performance FM receiver for audio and digital applicatons Tx/Rx A high-performance FM receiver for audio and digital applicatons This receiver design offers high sensitivity and low distortion for today s demanding high-signal environments. By Wayne C. Ryder

More information

Chapter 2 OPTICAL FIBER CHARACTERISTICS AND SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS

Chapter 2 OPTICAL FIBER CHARACTERISTICS AND SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS Chapter OPTICAL FIBER CHARACTERISTICS AND SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS One attractive aspect of optical fibers is their enormous bandwidth compared to other media, such as radio waves and twisted-pair wires.

More information

A Guide to Calibrating Your Spectrum Analyzer

A Guide to Calibrating Your Spectrum Analyzer A Guide to Calibrating Your Application Note Introduction As a technician or engineer who works with electronics, you rely on your spectrum analyzer to verify that the devices you design, manufacture,

More information

Wavelength-Parallel Pulse Generation and Equalization Technologies

Wavelength-Parallel Pulse Generation and Equalization Technologies Wavelength-Parallel Pulse Generation and Equalization Technologies Andrew M. Weiner Purdue University amw@purdue.edu http://ece.www.ecn.purdue.edu/~amw Funding: Outline Femtosecond pulse shaping: a core

More information

A More Efficient Way to De-shelve 137 Ba +

A More Efficient Way to De-shelve 137 Ba + A More Efficient Way to De-shelve 137 Ba + Abstract: Andrea Katz Trinity University UW REU 2010 In order to increase the efficiency and reliability of de-shelving barium ions, an infrared laser beam was

More information

Interferometric Dispersion Measurements

Interferometric Dispersion Measurements Application Note 2004-022A Interferometric Dispersion Measurements Overview This application note describes how the dbm 2355 Dispersion Measurement Module operates. Summary There are two primary methods

More information

Application Note Noise Frequently Asked Questions

Application Note Noise Frequently Asked Questions : What is? is a random signal inherent in all physical components. It directly limits the detection and processing of all information. The common form of noise is white Gaussian due to the many random

More information

Generation of Optical Carrier Suppressed Signal for Radio-over-Fiber (RoF) System Using Dual-Drive Mach- Zehnder Modulator

Generation of Optical Carrier Suppressed Signal for Radio-over-Fiber (RoF) System Using Dual-Drive Mach- Zehnder Modulator International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 9, September 214 1 Generation of Optical Carrier Suppressed Signal for Radio-over-Fiber (RoF) System Using Dual-Drive Mach-

More information

102 26-m Antenna Subnet Telecommunications Interfaces

102 26-m Antenna Subnet Telecommunications Interfaces DSMS Telecommunications Link Design Handbook 26-m Antenna Subnet Telecommunications Interfaces Effective November 30, 2000 Document Owner: Approved by: Released by: [Signature on file in TMOD Library]

More information

INTEGRATED ASSEMBLIES TELEDYNE MICROWAVE SOLUTIONS

INTEGRATED ASSEMBLIES TELEDYNE MICROWAVE SOLUTIONS INTEGRATED ASSEMBLIES TELEDYNE MICROWAVE SOLUTIONS INTEGRATED ASSEMBLIES FROM TELEDYNE MICROWAVE SOLUTIONS Teledyne Microwave Solutions (TMS) offers full first-level integration capabilities, providing

More information

A continuously tunable multi-tap complexcoefficient microwave photonic filter based on a tilted fiber Bragg grating

A continuously tunable multi-tap complexcoefficient microwave photonic filter based on a tilted fiber Bragg grating A continuously tunable multi-tap complexcoefficient microwave photonic filter based on a tilted fiber Bragg grating Hiva Shahoei and Jianping Yao * Microwave Photonics Research Laboratory, School of Electrical

More information

F = S i /N i S o /N o

F = S i /N i S o /N o Noise figure Many receiver manufacturers specify the performance of their receivers in terms of noise figure, rather than sensitivity. As we shall see, the two can be equated. A spectrum analyzer is a

More information

In 3G/WCDMA mobile. IP2 and IP3 Nonlinearity Specifications for 3G/WCDMA Receivers 3G SPECIFICATIONS

In 3G/WCDMA mobile. IP2 and IP3 Nonlinearity Specifications for 3G/WCDMA Receivers 3G SPECIFICATIONS From June 009 High Frequency Electronics Copyright 009 Summit Technical Media, LLC IP and IP3 Nonlinearity Specifications for 3G/WCDMA Receivers By Chris W. Liu and Morten Damgaard Broadcom Corporation

More information

Synchronization and phase lock of two mode-locked femtosecond lasers

Synchronization and phase lock of two mode-locked femtosecond lasers Synchronization and phase lock of two mode-locked femtosecond lasers Robert K. Shelton, Long-Sheng Ma, Henry C. Kapteyn, Margaret M. Murnane, John L. Hall, and Jun Ye JILA, National Institute of Standards

More information

Sunny 1, Rinku Garg 2 Department of Electronics and Communication Engg. GJUS&T Hissar, India

Sunny 1, Rinku Garg 2 Department of Electronics and Communication Engg. GJUS&T Hissar, India Performance Analysis of Optical CDMA System Using W/T Codes Sunny 1, Rinku Garg 2 Department of Electronics and Communication Engg. GJUS&T Hissar, India Abstract This paper represents the performance of

More information

Modultech MT-XDFx-xx192-08(04)CD 80 (40) km DWDM XFP module with built-in FEC wrapper Description

Modultech MT-XDFx-xx192-08(04)CD 80 (40) km DWDM XFP module with built-in FEC wrapper Description Modultech MT-XDFx-xx192-08(04)CD 80 (40) km DWDM XFP module with built-in FEC wrapper Description Modultech OTN XFP DWDM transceiver combines carrier grade OTN G.709 and FEC performance into a XFP MSA

More information

Electronic Predistortion Strategies For Directly Modulated Laser Systems

Electronic Predistortion Strategies For Directly Modulated Laser Systems Electronic Predistortion Strategies For Directly Modulated Laser Systems vorgelegt von Diplom-Ingenieur Stefan Warm aus Berlin von der Fakulät IV - Elektrotechnik und Informatik der Technischen Universität

More information

1. The Slotted Line. ECE 584 Microwave Engineering Laboratory Experiments. Introduction:

1. The Slotted Line. ECE 584 Microwave Engineering Laboratory Experiments. Introduction: ECE 584 Microwave Engineering Laboratory Experiments 1. The Slotted Line Introduction: In this experiment we will use a waveguide slotted line to study the basic behavior of standing waves and to measure

More information

Coherent sub-thz transmission systems in Silicon technologies: design challenges for frequency synthesis

Coherent sub-thz transmission systems in Silicon technologies: design challenges for frequency synthesis Coherent sub-thz transmission systems in Silicon technologies: design challenges for frequency synthesis Alexandre Siligaris www.cea.fr Cliquez pour modifier le style du Outline titre Introduction-context

More information

FIBER OPTIC COMMUNICATIONS: TECHNO-ECONOMICS

FIBER OPTIC COMMUNICATIONS: TECHNO-ECONOMICS FIBER OPTIC COMMUNICATIONS: TECHNO-ECONOMICS Balaji Srinivasan and Anil Prabhakar Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras Adyar, Chennai 600 036. India. Keywords: Optical

More information

Designing Fiber Optic Systems David Strachan

Designing Fiber Optic Systems David Strachan Designing Fiber Optic Systems David Strachan Everyone knows that fiber optics can carry a huge amount of data. There are more benefits to using fiber optics in broadcast applications than you might realize.

More information

10 Gb/s WDM-PON Using Downstream OFDM and Upstream OOK

10 Gb/s WDM-PON Using Downstream OFDM and Upstream OOK 10 Gb/s WDM-PON Using Downstream OFDM and Upstream OOK Jing Huang, Deming Liu & Cheng Zeng College of Optoelectronic Science and Engineering Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074,

More information

Advancing Laser Innovation from Deep Sea to Space

Advancing Laser Innovation from Deep Sea to Space Advancing Laser Innovation from Deep Sea to Space Laser Innovation... Pressing the Boundaries At Q-Peak our experienced staff in Solid State lasers, Fiber Optic lasers, Ultrafast lasers, Non-linear Optics,

More information

Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) Concepts and Components

Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) Concepts and Components 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) Concepts and Components Stavros Iezekiel Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Cyprus HMY 455 Lecture 14 Fall Semester 2014 2 THE CONCEPT

More information

Sweep-able sub-millimeter sources and detectors for THz Vector Network Analyzers and Applications

Sweep-able sub-millimeter sources and detectors for THz Vector Network Analyzers and Applications AFFILIATION LOGO Sweep-able sub-millimeter sources and detectors for THz Vector Network Analyzers and Applications Presenter: Philippe GOY, AB MILLIMETRE, Paris, France, tel:+33 1 47077100 abmillimetre@wanadoo.fr,

More information

EE 186 LAB 2 FALL 2004. Network Analyzer Fundamentals and Two Tone Linearity

EE 186 LAB 2 FALL 2004. Network Analyzer Fundamentals and Two Tone Linearity Network Analyzer Fundamentals and Two Tone Linearity Name: Name: Name: Objective: To become familiar with the basic operation of a network analyzer To use the network analyzer to characterize the in-band

More information

The interferometric frequency control for tunable lasers

The interferometric frequency control for tunable lasers PB A I a a Quadrature Signals l TC PB B b FPI I b BS Laser Wavelength Quadrature Signal Photo Detectors laser beam to experiment Wedged Beam Splitter Fabry-Perot- Interferometer Normalisation Photo Detectors

More information

Infrared Fiber Lasers

Infrared Fiber Lasers Infrared Fiber Lasers Dr. Shibin Jiang President/CEO AdValue Photonics Inc. Tucson, Arizona Free-Space & Fiber Lasers Fiber pigtailed laser diodes Fiber pigtailed laser diodes From scientific point of

More information

Timing Errors and Jitter

Timing Errors and Jitter Timing Errors and Jitter Background Mike Story In a sampled (digital) system, samples have to be accurate in level and time. The digital system uses the two bits of information the signal was this big

More information

A simple and low-power optical limiter for multi-ghz pulse trains

A simple and low-power optical limiter for multi-ghz pulse trains A simple and low-power optical limiter for multi-ghz pulse trains G. Contestabile, M. Presi, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta and, E. Ciaramella Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Via Moruzzi 1, (56124) Pisa, Italy

More information

RF Communication System. EE 172 Systems Group Presentation

RF Communication System. EE 172 Systems Group Presentation RF Communication System EE 172 Systems Group Presentation RF System Outline Transmitter Components Receiver Components Noise Figure Link Budget Test Equipment System Success Design Remedy Transmitter Components

More information

Table Of Contents. Special Options. Specification Definitions. Detailed Data Sheets. Fiber Optic Enclosures. 50 khz - 4.5 GHz LBL Fiber Optic Link

Table Of Contents. Special Options. Specification Definitions. Detailed Data Sheets. Fiber Optic Enclosures. 50 khz - 4.5 GHz LBL Fiber Optic Link Table Of Contents Special Options Specification Definitions Fiber Optic Links Optical Receivers and Transmitters Detailed Data Sheets 5 khz-2.5 GHz SLL Fiber Optc Link 5 khz - 3 GHz LBL Fiber Optic Link

More information

Optical DWDM Networks

Optical DWDM Networks Optical DWDM Networks Columbus, OH 43210 Jain@cse.ohio-State.Edu These slides are available at http://www.cse.ohio-state.edu/~jain/cis788-99/ 1 Overview Sparse and Dense WDM Recent WDM Records WDM Applications

More information

Improving Chromatic Dispersion and PMD Measurement Accuracy

Improving Chromatic Dispersion and PMD Measurement Accuracy Improving Chromatic Dispersion and PMD Measurement Accuracy White Paper Michael Kelly Agilent Technologies Signal transmission over optical fibers relies on preserving the waveform from transmitter to

More information