1 CJAD 101 A Introduction to Criminal Justice Early Fall Session (15-51) Monday, August 17 Saturday, October 10, 2015 Course Description History and development of major components of the CJ system: police, criminal courts, prosecution, defense, institutional and community-based corrections. Prerequisite: None Proctored Exams: None Textbooks Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century, 13th edition by Frank Schmalleger, Prentice Hall Publishing Company ISBN: MBS Direct offers a customized version of the text. To order use ISBN: Textbooks for the course may be ordered from MBS Direct. You can order online at (be sure to select Online Education rather than your home campus before selecting your class) by phone at For additional information about the bookstore, visit Course Overview Welcome to Introduction to Criminal Justice online! Material in this course is presented from a legal, criminological, historical, and social systems perspective. These different views will help students develop an understanding of the derivation and mechanical operation of each phase of a criminal case. We also take a look at the personnel involved, the justice process from investigation to arrest, court motions and procedures, the trial, appeal process, punishment, and alternative sentencing. The student should, upon course completion, be able to explain how our criminal justice system evolved, how it presently operates, current problems and concerns with the system, and how it might be improved. Each week we will focus on different situations, issues, court cases, and problems encountered in policing. Through our On-Line Discussion Assignments, Class Quizzes, and Dropbox Assignments we will examine policing issues, procedures and court decisions that have impacted police. These are reinforced and expanded in our readings in our text. Technology Requirements Participation in this course will require the basic technology for all online classes at Columbia College:
2 A computer with reliable Internet access, a web browser, Acrobat Reader, Microsoft Office or another word processor such as Open Office. You can find more details about standard technical requirements for our courses on our site. Course Objectives The specific objectives for the course are: To enhance knowledge and understanding of the American system of criminal justice from a systemic approach. To understand the various components of the criminal justice system and how they relate and interact with one another. To understand the law and how it interfaces with crime, criminal justice professionals and public expectations. To prepare for entry-level careers in the criminal justice system. Measurable Learning Outcomes By the end of the course, students will be able to: Describe the history, evolution and present structure of the criminal justice system. Explain the distinction between criminal justice and criminology. Understand the three components of the criminal justice system. Demonstrate a practical and working knowledge of the steps in the criminal justice process. Describe the dichotomy between protecting individual rights or citizens and protection of the public.
3 Columbia College Online Campus P a g e 3 Grading Grading Scale GRADE POINTS PERCENT A B C D F Grade Weights ASSIGNMENT POINTS PERCENT Discussions Quizzes Dropbox Assignments TOTAL Schedule of Due Dates (All assignments are due by 11:59 p.m. CT.) WEEK ASSIGNMENT POINTS DUE Discussion 10 Wednesday 1 Quiz 30 Special Dropbox 20 Sunday 2 Discussion 20 Wednesday Quiz 30 Sunday Dropbox 40 3 Discussion 20 Wednesday Quiz 30 Sunday 4 Discussion 20 Wednesday Quiz 30 Sunday Dropbox 40 5 Discussion 20 Wednesday Quiz 30 Sunday 6 Discussion 20 Wednesday Quiz 30 Sunday Dropbox 40 7 Discussion 20 Wednesday Quiz 30 Sunday 8 Discussion 20 Wednesday Quiz 30 Saturday
4 Columbia College Online Campus P a g e 4 Assignment Overview General: You are responsible for making your own personal copy of all assignments submitted. From time to time computer program failures, among other occurrences, result in assignments being lost as they are transmitted by or into Desire2Learn. Assignments posted and graded prior to the designated due day and time cannot be edited or changed. Reading Assignments: The textbook is the basis for this course and takes the place of class lecture. Mastering material found in the textbook will greatly enhance your knowledge of Police in a Democratic Society. Complete your weekly reading assignments before engaging in Discussions, Dropbox assignments, or Quizzes. To receive a good grade, I must see evidence that you have read and understood the material in the textbook. A brief summary of a topic tells me very little and is a strong indicator that the material was skimmed and not read in detail. The more detail the higher the grade. Optional Resource(s): (located in Content) Video s, links, and/or articles that add in-depth information in reference to the current weekly assignment. Paragraph form: You are required to answer assignments in paragraph form unless otherwise designated. A paragraph is a distinct division of written matter, a single idea, containing one or more sentences with the first line indented. Five points are deducted when paragraph form is not used. Graded Assignments: Discussion and Dropbox assignments submitted prior to the scheduled due date may be graded, after which they cannot be updated or revised for additional credit. This also applies to Discussion and Dropbox assignments received after the scheduled due date. Research References: In addition to the assigned textbook, a minimum of two research references are required (additional research references may be required for some assignments) for each Discussion and Dropbox assignment after the first week of class. Research references may come from the World Wide Web, library, other textbooks, individuals currently employed or retired from the criminal justice system, and other valid resources. All research references must be listed with each assignment. Research references must identify the specific website from which information was obtained. Ten points are deducted when research references are not listed. Listing a generic website is not acceptable such as or any general website as a research reference. Dictionaries are useful for learning the meaning of words, but not as a valid research reference. A Word used as a Topic will need further explanation from the textbook to identify its relevance to criminal justice. All assignments must be original work for this course. Do not submit a paper used in another course. Do not cut and paste paragraphs of information into your paper. All source material should be paraphrased in your own words. Short quotations are allowed. but not limited to : In addition to the topics listed in the Course Schedule and any information that I may include in CougarMail, important information from the textbook and a minimum of two research references (additional research references may be required for some assignments) must be included in all Discussion and Dropbox assignments after Week one. Discussions: Each week you will be assigned a topic to discuss in the Discussions area. Discussion topics may or may not be rooted in the textbook. You are expected to thoroughly research the assigned topic before posting your comments; you must include your references with your posting. You are also expected to respond to other student postings. Your posting should be submitted in paragraph form (rules of grammar do apply) by midnight Central Standard Time Wednesday of each week. Postings after midnight are not permitted but you can and should still read postings up through midnight Sunday. Once posted, your initial response to the discussion topic cannot be edited or changed. Read what others have posted: You must read comments made by others in the class to get full credit for that discussion. While you will be restricted from posting comments to the Discussion after
5 Columbia College Online Campus P a g e 5 each midnight Wednesday deadline, you can (and must) respond to other student postings. Discussion postings will be available all week long until midnight Sunday each week. This is part of the learning process. Quizzes: A quiz consists of 30 questions. There are 10 multiple-choice questions, 10 true and false questions, and 10 matching questions over the assigned chapter each week. There is a 30-minute time limit, and once the quiz is started it cannot be stopped. Three points are deducted for each minute the quiz remains open after 30 minutes. Should the quiz be exited, the quiz cannot be retaken and points will be lost for each unanswered question. Because of this, students are encouraged to click save after responding to each question. Quizzes must be taken within the week the quiz is assigned. Quizzes close midnight Sunday and will be unavailable thereafter. The Week 8 Class-Quiz closes midnight Saturday. If a quiz is not taken by the deadline, it cannot be made up. Quizzes cannot extend beyond the 30-minute time limit. Dropbox Assignments: You are expected to complete a two-page (minimum) essay on an assigned research topic. Dropbox Assignments are to be thoroughly researched. At least two research references must be included, and they should be in APA format. Research references must be properly cited in the body of your essay, and the citations must match the listed reference and vice versa. For information on APA formatting see: Late submissions are not accepted. Dropbox submissions not properly submitted (uploaded) will not be accepted. Dropbox submissions posted and graded prior to the designated due day and time cannot be edited or changed. Editing and changes can be made if the Dropbox assignment has not been graded. Use your knowledge gained from assigned reading to create very specific, detailed responses. Examples: It is insufficient to list only the names of different types of search warrants without explaining requirements for each search warrant. Another example would be listing names of different strategies used to combat illegal drugs without explaining each strategy. Note: The instructor reserves the right to change assignments identified in this syllabus. Students should respond to assignments posted in the course. Course Schedule Week 1 Getting Started, Getting Acquainted, What is Criminal Justice? Note: Before you access Dropbox Assignments in Desire2Learn, I recommend that you complete the Plagiarism Tutorial and non-graded Plagiarism Quiz. You will find the Tutorial and Quiz in the Content area of our D2L course. Reading: Chapter One Optional Resources: Link: Classic True Crime Stories: Fourteen real murder stories. Link: 360 degrees.org: Perspectives of the U.S. Criminal Justice System. Class Activity: During this first week, become familiar with how D2L (Desire to Learn) works, make yourself a copy of the syllabus, review assignments and assignment schedules. This is not a graded assignment. Discussion: Introduce yourself and tell the class what you would like to be doing career-wise in five years. This assignment is due midnight Wednesday. Optional Resources:
6 Columbia College Online Campus P a g e 6 Link: Classic True Crime Stories: Fourteen real murder stories. Link: 360 degrees.org: Perspectives of the U.S. Criminal Justice System. Class-Quiz: The quiz consists of 30 questions over Chapter One. This assignment is due midnight Sunday. Special Dropbox: Topic: Answer the following important questions addressing information from the syllabus. This assignment is due midnight Sunday. Please respond to each question numerically 1. On what page of the syllabus will you find the day when each assignment is due? 2. Identify the course policy regarding submission of late assignments. 3. A. How many points are deducted when research references are not listed? B. What is the minimum number of research references required for each Discussion and Dropbox assignment after week one? 4. How many points are deducted when paragraph form is not used? 5. When does this course officially end? Week 2 The Crime Picture Reading: Chapter Two Discussion: Restorative Justice (RJ): (This assignment is not discussed in Chapter Two.) Students are to research and discuss Restorative Justice. Our adversarial justice systems start with what law is broken, who broke it, and how to punish the offender. Restorative justice asks what harm was done, how to repair the harm, and who's responsible for repairing the harm. Harsher punishments have not been as effective as many suggest. Please respond to the following questions numerically: 1. What is Restorative Justice (RJ)? 2. How does it work? 3. Will crime victims cooperate in Restorative Justice? Why or why not? 4. Are there crimes in which Restorative Justice is not applicable? 5. What do you see as benefits and negatives of Restorative Justice? 6. What do you think public reaction would be to expanding Restorative Justice? 7. What is your opinion of Restorative Justice? This assignment is due midnight Wednesday. Optional Resource: Link: 2008 Hate Crime Statistics Class-Quiz: The quiz consists of 30 questions over Chapter Two. This assignment is due midnight Sunday. Dropbox: Discuss the two major sources of crime statistics for the United States. Uniform Crime Report (UCR), National Crime Victim Survey (NCVS), and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), including but not limited to: the Part I and II offenses, UCR terminology, how the UCR and NCVS collect crime data, types of information collected and not collected by the NCVS, accuracy issues with the UCR and NCVS, and the role and purpose of the NIBRS. Students need to include additional important information from the textbook and research references. This assignment is due midnight Sunday.
7 Columbia College Online Campus P a g e 7 Week 3 Criminal Law Reading: Chapter Four Discussion: Discuss specific violations of criminal law. Specific categories of violations of criminal law and general features of crime without which there would be no crime. Including but not limited to: felonies, inchoate offenses, Actus Reus, child-neglect laws, Mens Rea, and Concurrence. Students need to include additional important information from the textbook and research references. Students must respond to other student postings. This assignment is due midnight Wednesday. Optional Resources: Video: Criminal Law Information: Basics of Criminal Law basic criminal justice terminology. Link: Felony Crime-Different categories of felony crimes. Video: Criminal Justice Career Video Profiles. Class-Quiz: The quiz consists of 30 questions over Chapter Four. This assignment is due midnight Sunday. Week 4 Policing: Legal Aspects Reading: Chapter Seven Discussion: Law Enforcement Agencies. (15 points possible) Topic: Law Enforcement Agencies. This assignment is not rooted in the textbook. You will choose one law enforcement agency to research and discuss in depth. You may choose the law enforcement agency from any or all levels of government, federal, state, or local level. (The CIA, NSA or other intelligence agencies are not law enforcement agencies for the purpose of this assignment.) Information should include, but is not limited to, when the agency was founded, the purpose, duties, responsibilities, organizational information (chain of command and various divisions/departments in the agency), the number of persons employed and their positions in the agency, and other interesting data. This is an opportunity to learn about a law enforcement agency where you live or one that you would just like to know more about. If you cannot find all the required information, then select another law enforcement agency, so that you don t lose points for failing to cover all the points for this assignment. Be careful not to use excessive cut & paste &/or copying; which would be Plagiarism. The department of homeland security is not, in and of itself, a law enforcement agency, but rather is a U.S. department under which several law enforcement agencies exist. So, do not pick the department of homeland security to discuss as a Law Enforcement Agency. Students must respond to other student postings. This assignment is due midnight Wednesday. Optional Resources: Video: Higher Crime: Impact on the cost of insurance. Link: Enforcing the Fourth Amendment: The Exclusionary Rule. Class-Quiz: The quiz consists of 30 questions over Chapter Seven. This assignment is due midnight Sunday. Dropbox: Discuss search and seizure. Students will discuss search and seizure issues including but not limited to: exceptions to the exclusionary rule, search warrant requirements, requirements of different types of warrantless searches, and findings from different landmark
8 Columbia College Online Campus P a g e 8 court cases. Students need to include additional important information from the textbook and research references. This assignment is due midnight Sunday. Week 5 Pretrial Activities and the Criminal Trial Reading: Chapter Ten Discussion: Discuss pretrial procedures. This assignment addresses pretrial procedures that occur prior to the trial but not the trial itself. Subjects included but are not limited to: -first appearance, alternatives to bail, Grand Jury proceedings, plea-bargaining, and federal rules of procedures for plea-bargaining. Students need to include additional important information from the textbook and research references. Students must respond to other student postings. This assignment is due midnight Wednesday. Optional Resource: Video: Competent to Stand Trial. Class-Quiz: Topic: The quiz consists of 30 questions over Chapter Ten. This assignment is due midnight Sunday. Week 6 Probation, Parole and Intermediate Sanctions; Course Evaluation Reading: Chapter Twelve Course Evaluations: Please evaluate the course. A link will be sent to your CougarMail that will allow you to access the evaluation. Course evaluation are anonymous and your instructor will not be able to see them until after final grades are submitted. Optional Resource: Link: Missouri State Probation and Parole. Discussion: Life Without Parole for Juvenile Offenders (LWOP): (This assignment is not rooted in the textbook.) Students are to research two U.S. Supreme Court decisions listed below and respond to listed questions. Please respond using the number and letter of each question Two U.S. Supreme Court decisions address Life Without Parole (LWOP) for juveniles under the age of 18: 1. Research the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in the case of Graham v. Florida (2010). a. What crime was the juvenile convicted of? b. What was the U.S. Supreme Court ruling? c. Do you agree or disagree with the court decision? Why or why not? 2. Research the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in the case of Miller v. Alabama (2012). a. What crime was the juvenile convicted of? b. What was the U.S. Supreme Court ruling? c. Do you agree or disagree with the court decision? Why or why not? 3. For what crime or crimes would you recommend LWOP if committed by a juvenile under the age of 18? Student must respond to other student postings. This assignment is due midnight Wednesday. Optional Resource: Link: Missouri State Probation and Parole.
9 Columbia College Online Campus P a g e 9 Class-Quiz: The quiz consists of 30 questions over Chapter Twelve. This assignment is due midnight Sunday. Dropbox: Discuss probation and parole. This assignment examines Probation and Parole (P&P) including but not limited to: defining P&P, different types of P&P conditions, the legal environment, and the job of the P&P officer. Students need to include additional important information from the textbook and research references. This assignment is due midnight Sunday. Week 7 Juvenile Justice Reading: Chapter Fifteen Discussion: Discuss juvenile justice throughout history. This assignment is a review of the evolution of juvenile justice from when juveniles were treated the same as adult offender to the current post-juvenile era. Students will examine how juvenile offenders were treated during different eras, programs, and efforts to improve the juvenile justice process including but not limited to: Romans and Patria Postestas, England and parens patriae, juvenile court era, and categories of children in the juvenile justice system. Student need to include additional important information from the textbook and research references. Students must respond to other student postings. This assignment is due midnight Wednesday. Optional Resources: Video: Inside America s Juvenile System. Link: Child Neglect. Prevention of Child and animal abuse. Definition of child neglect. Class-Quiz: The quiz consists of 30 questions over Chapter Fifteen. This assignment is due midnight Sunday. Week 8 Drugs and Crime Reading: Chapter Sixteen Discussion: Topic: Discuss laws, federal legislation, and strategies implemented to combat the drug problem. This assignment addresses efforts on the part of the government to combat illegal drugs through criminal laws, the cabinet level Drug Czar Office, programs and strategies implemented to combat illegal drugs, including but not limited to: anti-drug laws, strict enforcement, prevention and treatment, legalization and decriminalization. Students need to include additional important information from the textbook and research references. Students must respond to other student postings. This assignment is due midnight Wednesday. Optional Resources: Video: Drug Abuse and the Boomer Generation. Link: Office of National Drug Control Policy. Video: Obstacles to Drug Law Reform. Class-Quiz: The quiz consists of 30 questions over Chapter Sixteen. This assignment is due midnight SATURDAY.
10 Columbia College Online Campus P a g e 10 Course Policies Student Conduct Plagiarism All Columbia College students, whether enrolled in a land-based or online course, are responsible for behaving in a manner consistent with Columbia College's Student Conduct Code and Acceptable Use Policy. Students violating these policies will be referred to the office of Student Affairs and/or the office of Academic Affairs for possible disciplinary action. The Student Code of Conduct and the Computer Use Policy for students can be found in the Columbia College Student Handbook. The Handbook is available online; you can also obtain a copy by calling the Student Affairs office (Campus Life) at The teacher maintains the right to manage a positive learning environment, and all students must adhere to the conventions of online etiquette. Your grade will be based in large part on the originality of your ideas and your written presentation of these ideas. Presenting the words, ideas, or expression of another in any form as your own is plagiarism. Students who fail to properly give credit for information contained in their written work (papers, journals, exams, etc.) are violating the intellectual property rights of the original author. For proper citation of the original authors, you should reference the appropriate publication manual for your degree program or course (APA, MLA, etc.). Violations are taken seriously in higher education and may result in a failing grade on the assignment, a grade of "F" for the course, or dismissal from the College. Collaboration conducted between students without prior permission from the instructor is considered plagiarism and will be treated as such. Spouses and roommates taking the same course should be particularly careful. All required papers may be submitted for textual similarity review to Turnitin.com for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted papers may be included in the Turnitin.com reference database for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. This service is subject to the Terms and Conditions of Use posted on the Turnitin.com site. Non-Discrimination There will be no discrimination on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, sexual orientation, religion, ideology, political affiliation, veteran status, age, physical handicap, or marital status. Disability Services Students with documented disabilities who may need academic services for this course are required to register with the Coordinator for Disability Services at (573) Until the student has been cleared through the disability services office, accommodations do not have to be granted. If you are a student who has a documented disability, it is important for you to read the entire syllabus before enrolling in the course. The structure or the content of the course may make an accommodation not feasible. Online Participation You are expected to read the assigned texts and participate in the discussions and other course activities each week. Assignments should be posted by the due dates stated on the grading schedule in your syllabus. If an emergency arises that prevents you from participating in class, please let your instructor know as soon as possible. Attendance Policy Attendance for a week will be counted as having submitted a course assignment for which points have been earned during that week of the session or if the proctoring information has been
11 Columbia College Online Campus P a g e 11 submitted or the plagiarism quiz taken if there is no other assignment due that week. A class week is defined as the period of time between Monday and Sunday (except for Week 8, when the week and the course will end on Saturday at midnight). The course and system deadlines are all based on the Central Time Zone. Cougar All students are provided a CougarMail account when they enroll in classes at Columbia College. You are responsible for monitoring from that account for important messages from the College and from your instructor. You may forward your Cougar account to another account; however, the College cannot be held responsible for breaches in security or service interruptions with other providers. Students should use for private messages to the instructor and other students. The class discussions are for public messages so the class members can each see what others have to say about any given topic and respond. I will send you one each week in reference to upcoming weekly assignments. I will grade and respond to each Discussion and Dropbox assignment through Leave Feedback. You can access Leave Feedback through a Quicklink when you open grades. My comments will be brief if the assignment has been properly addressed. I am required to respond to assignments and s within 72 hours; however, unless there is a very unusual situation, I will respond much sooner. Late Assignment Policy An online class requires regular participation and a commitment to your instructor and your classmates to regularly engage in the reading, discussion and writing assignments. Although most of the online communication for this course is asynchronous, you must be able to commit to the schedule of work for the class for the next eight weeks. You must keep up with the schedule of reading and writing to successfully complete the class. NO LATE ASSIGNMENTS WILL BE ACCEPTED! You cannot post Discussions after the midnight Wednesday deadline. You can and should continue to read them however. Quizzes and Dropbox assignments must be posted by the Sunday midnight deadline. You can (and are encouraged to) submit them any time during the week, but they will not be accepted after the deadline. The Week 8 Class-Quiz must be posted by midnight Saturday. Quizzes that extend past the 30 minute time limit lose FIVE points for each minute over the time limit. Course Evaluation You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link will be sent to your CougarMail that will allow you to access the evaluation. Be assured that the evaluations are anonymous and that your instructor will not be able to see them until after final grades are submitted. Additional Resources Orientation for New Students This course is offered online, using course management software provided by Desire2Learn and Columbia College. The Student Manual provides details about taking an online course at Columbia College. You may also want to visit the course demonstration to view a sample course before this one opens. Technical Support If you have problems accessing the course or posting your assignments, contact your instructor, the
12 Columbia College Online Campus P a g e 12 Columbia College Helpdesk, or the D2L Helpdesk for assistance. Contact information is also available within the online course environment ex Online Tutoring Smarthinking is a free online tutoring service available to all Columbia College students. Smarthinking provides real-time online tutoring and homework help for Math, English, and Writing. Smarthinking also provides access to live tutorials in writing and math, as well as a full range of study resources, including writing manuals, sample problems, and study skills manuals. You can access the service from wherever you have a connection to the Internet. I encourage you to take advantage of this free service provided by the college. Access Smarthinking through CougarTrack under Students->Academics->Academic Resources. Grading Criteria Discussions Criteria Description Points Content The posting develops a central point, idea, or thesis that is clearly defined and supported by concrete substantial and relevant evidence. The posting clearly depicts that you researched the assigned topic and can synthesize information from your additional resources. 7 Organization The posting is organized in paragraphs that are unified, coherent, and effective, with transitions between ideas. The sentences are correctly constructed, logical and complete. 3 Research References are appropriately listed. Information from multiple research sites will provide a more complete understanding of the topic. 10 Total 20 Dropbox Assignment Criteria Description Points Content The essay develops a central point, idea, or thesis that is clearly defined and supported by concrete substantial and relevant evidence. The body of the essay depicts that you have read and clearly understand the material from the textbook and can synthesize information from your additional resources. 25 Organization The essay is organized in paragraphs that are unified, coherent, and effective, with transitions between ideas. The sentences are correctly constructed, logical and complete. There is no limit on the number of pages. 5 Research References are appropriately listed. Information from multiple research sites will provide a more complete understanding of the topic. 10 Total 40