THE CORAL TRIANGLE INITIATIVE (CTI) ON CORAL REEFS, FISHERIES AND FOOD SECURITY. 1st Sulu Sulawesi Sea (SSS) Conference November 2015

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1 THE CORAL TRIANGLE INITIATIVE (CTI) ON CORAL REEFS, FISHERIES AND FOOD SECURITY 1st Sulu Sulawesi Sea (SSS) Conference November

2 Introduction to CTI PRESENTATION OUTLINE State of the CTI Marine Environment CTI Projects to the Community The Way Forward Conclusion 2

3 I N T R O D U C T I O N T O C T I CORAL DIVERSITY OF THE WORLD P r e s e n t a t i o n O u t l i n e - I n t r o d u c t i o n To C T I 3

4 I N T R O D U C T I O N T O C T I Timor-Leste Solomon Islands A F E G U A R D T H E M A R I N E A N D C O A S T A L B I O L O G I C A L O U R C E S O F T H E R E G I O N F O R F U T U R E G E N E R A T4 I O N

5 5

6 I N T R O D U C T I O N T O C T I CTI Regional Organisation Structure 6

7 I N T R O D U C T I O N T O C T I CTI Regional Structure WORKING GROUP (WG) CTI COUNCIL OF MINISTERS CTI COUNCIL OF SENIOR OFFICIALS FINANCIAL RESOURCES COORDINATION MECHANISM REGIONAL SECRETARIAT MONITORING & EVALUATION LEAD BY PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Malaysia: MINISTER MOSTI) PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Malaysia: Chairperson SEC GEN MOSTI) INDONESIA INDONESIA EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, INDONESIA PHILIPPINES THEMATIC SCIENTIFIC WORKING GROUP 1) SEASCAPES: INDONESIA 2) EAFM: INDONESIA 3) MPA: PHILIPPINES 4) CCA: SOLOMON ISLAND 5) THREATENED SPECIES: MALAYSIA 7

8 I N T R O D U C T I O N T O C T I DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS 8

9 I N T R O D U C T I O N T O C T I DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS 9

10 Overfishing Destructive fishing practices Pollution Unsustainable Coastal Development Climate Change De Facto I N T R O D U C T I O N T O C T I THREATS By 2100 there would not be any corals left 12

11 Introduction to CTI PRESENTATION OUTLINE State of the CTI Marine Environment CTI Projects to the Community The Way Forward Conclusion 13

12 S T A T E O F T H E C T I M A R I N E E N V I R O N M E N T Resource Availability and Environmental Health Habitats Fisheries Water Quality Marine Fauna 14

13 S T A T E O F T H E C T I M A R I N E E N V I R O N M E N T Extensive distribution of coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass and seaweed HABITATS Threats: destructive fishing practices, overfishing, sedimentation and coastal developments 15

14 S T A T E O F T H E C T I M A R I N E E N V I R O N M E N T Landings mainly from coastal fishery. FISHERIES Dependency on foreign fishing vessel for deep-sea fishing. Problems of IUU. 16

15 S T A T E O F T H E C T I M A R I N E E N V I R O N M E N T WATER QUALITY Seven sampling stations in Sabah were amongst the 10 best sites for coastal water in Malaysia. Out of 69 rivers sampled, 58 were categorised as being clean, only 11 were categorised as slightly polluted 17

16 S T A T E O F T H E C T I M A R I N E E N V I R O N M E N T Turtles and marine mammals are endangered and rare species. MARINE FAUNA Threats: Hunted down as food, egg exploitation, loss of nesting habitats, marine pollution, and ecotourism malpractices. 18

17 S T A T E O F T H E C T I M A R I N E E N V I R O N M E N T RECOMMENDATIONS Resources seems ok for the moment. Is it going to remain ok for a long time or is it not? 19

18 Introduction to CTI PRESENTATION OUTLINE State of the CTI Marine Environment CTI Projects to the Community The Way Forward Conclusion 20

19 C T I P R O J E C T S T O T H E C O M M U N I T Y National Plan of Action (NPOA) Highlights of the implementation of NPOA to the communities CTI Community Projects 7 National CTI Community Projects funded by MOSTI ADB RETA regional project collaboration to be funded by ADB Reta 7813 P r e s e n t a t i o n O u t l i n e C T I B e n e f i t s t o t h e C o m m u n i t y 21

20 C T I P R O J E C T S T O T H E C O M M U N I T Y H I G H L I G H T S O F T H E I M P L E M E N T A T I O N O F N P O A 1 # Fisheries Fisheries pilot projects in Kudat, Semporna and Sandakan. 22

21 C T I P R O J E C T S T O T H E C O M M U N I T Y H I G H L I G H T S O F T H E I M P L E M E N T A T I O N O F N P O A 2 # Marine Protected Areas Gazettement of Tun Mustapha Park (TMP). 23

22 C T I P R O J E C T S T O T H E C O M M U N I T Y H I G H L I G H T S O F T H E I M P L E M E N T A T I O N O F N P O A 3 # Climate Change Development of Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) 24

23 C T I P R O J E C T S T O T H E C O M M U N I T Y 25 COMMUNITY PROJECTS NO RESEARCH TOPIC 1. Assessing Coastal Adaptation to Climate Change In CTI 2. Development of Environmental Education Module And Board games on Marine Environment for Communities in Sabah 3. Demonstration of best practices in fisheries management within the context of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) 4. A study of IUU on tuna fisheries in Semporna 5. Address problems faced by seaweed farmers The Projects Addresses Concern on: Coastal Erosion Overfishing Climate Change Sustainable resources 6. Mapping of coral trout spawning aggregation at Lankayan Island 7. Value chain of tuna in Semporna TOTAL : RM 990,000.00

24 C T I P R O J E C T S T O T H E C O M M U N I T Y ADB RETA Profiling SSME USD 190, ICZM of Marudu Bay USD 132, Alternative Livelihoods USD 167, Capacity Building USD 190, TOTAL : USD 680,843.33

25 Introduction to CTI PRESENTATION OUTLINE State of the CTI Marine Environement CTI Projects to the Community The Way Forward Conclusion 27

26 T H E W A Y F O R W A R D The National Ocean Policy OR The National Oceanography Policy OR Status Quo of NO PO 28

27 T H E W A Y F O R W A R D PROPOSED NATIONAL OCEANOGRAPHY POLICY National Oceanography Institute (NIO) Ministry Seas & Fisheries NOP Implementation NOP Approval NOP Study NOD 29

28 T H E W A Y F O R W A R D NOP DELIVERABLES PRIMARY RECOMMENDATION Rationalising Existing Government Organisations and Structures Department of Fisheries Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Department of Marine Parks Malaysia Department of Irrigation and Drainage (Coastal Division) National Hydraulics Research Institute of Malaysia Department of Environment (Marine Division) Ministry of Seas & Fisheries Marine Department Maritime Institute of Malaysia National Oceanography Directorate Malaysian Meteorological Department 30

29 T H E W A Y F O R W A R D NOP DELIVERABLES PRIMARY RECOMMENDATION Ministry of Seas & Fisheries is dedicated to:» Increase the importance of coordination and cooperation amongst the government related agencies and oceanographic community.» Optimise the use of our oceans and look at the country s need.» Efficient data sharing in a central repository 31

30 T H E W A Y F O R W A R D CONCLUSION 32

31 T H E W A Y F O R W A R D 33 PRIORITY ISSUES TO TAKE FORWARD Would the setting up of a centralised agency (Ministry of Seas & Fisheries) solve the challenges? Should we engage in National Oceanography Policy?

32 The Ocean doesn t give you what you ask for with your thoughts it gives you what you demand with your actions 34

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