Views from Living Marine Resources Management and the Coral Triangle Project

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1 Views from Living Marine Resources Management and the Coral Triangle Project Annadel Salvio Cabanban Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management Specialist, Coral Triangle Initiative Southeast Asia Project: Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management

2 Scope of Presentation Brief background of the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI CFF) 9 Principles of CTI CFF 5 Goals Furthering management of international waters

3 Coral Reef Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security Scaled-up from the Ecoregion Conservation Plan for the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion (1986, WWF) Catalyzed by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF, 2006) Adopted by Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Timor Leste (CT6; 2009)

4 CTI CFF Area of Implementation (insert map of Coral Triangle)

5 Caveat The scope of application of the CTI is without prejudice to the sovereign rights of the parties over marine resources within national jurisdiction, or the position of the parties on delimitation of maritime boundaries between States with opposite or adjacent coasts. The geographic scope of implementation of the CTI is not intended in any way to redraw the scientific boundaries of the Coral Triangle, which would continue to be defined by coral and coral reef fish diversity.

6 CTI supported by GEF Global Environment Facility (GEF) provided direct support under the Coral Triangle Program GEF supported management in the South China Sea LME GEF support in the South China Sea: Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis; Strategic Action Plan (SAP) formulation; SAP implementation (under consideration); numerous projects

7 Views on Marine Resource Management: 9 Principles Principle # 1: people-centred biodiversity conservation, sustainable development, povertyreduction and equitable benefit-sharing Principle # 2: based on solid science Principle # 3:- centred on quantitative goals and time-tables adopted by governments Principle # 4: use existing and future forums to promote implementation

8 Views on Marine Resource Management: 9 Principles (cont d.) Principle # 6:... recognize transboundary nature of some important marine natural resources Principle # 7: emphasize priority geographies Principle # 8: inclusive and engage multiple stakeholders Principle # 9: recognize the uniqueness, fragility, and vulnerability of island ecosystems From: Regional Plan of Action: Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (June 2009);

9 5 Goals of the Coral Triangle Initiative Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security Goal 1 Priority Seascapes Identified and Effectively Managed Goal 2 Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management fully-applied Goal 3 Marine Protected Areas Established and effectively Managed Goal 4 Climate Change Adaptation Measures Achieved Goal 5 Threatened Species Status Improving

10 Large Marine Ecosystems in the Coral Triangle (insert map of Coral Triangle)

11 Time-line in EAFM in SSME

12 SSME Vision A marine ecoregion that remains a globally unique center of marine diversity, with vibrant ecological integrity, including all species assemblages, communities, habitats, and ecosystems A highly productive ecosystem that sustainably and equitably provides for the socio-economic and cultural needs of the human communities dependent on it An ecoregion where biodiversity and productivity are sustained through the generations by participatory and collaborative management across all political and cultural boundaries

13 ReTA 7813 Project Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle Southeast Asia Regional, collaborative activities Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Addressing IUU fishing Establishing a Network of Marine Protected Area

14 SSME Objective Improve coastal, oceanic and other types of fisheries resource condition and management by developing a framework strategy, institutions and appropriate interventions.

15 ReTA 7813 National Activities: Indonesia Developing Spatial Database for Sulawesi Seascape (G1 Establishing Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM): Grouper Fishery and Trade in Sulawesi Sea (G2)

16 ReTA 7813 National Activities: Malaysia Profiling of the Marine Ecosystem of Malaysia in the SSME (G1) Applying Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Marudu Bay Developing Alternative Livelihoods in Kudat-Marudu-Pitas Districts (G2) Capacity Building on EAFM (G2) and MPA Management (G3)

17 ReTA 7813 National Activities: Philippines Establishing Ecosystem-based Management of Small Pelagic Marine Resources (G2) Implementing the Three-Year Action Plan of the Subcommittee on MPAs and Networks (G3) Prioritizing New and Improving Management Effectiveness of Existing MPAs under NIPAS (G3) Building Capacity of LGUs in Managing MPAs (G3)

18 furthering management in large marine ecosystems, International Waters Focal Area, Global Environment Facility 1. Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis - Strategic Action Plan Project Cycle 2. Theory of Change

19 Slow feedback loop methods Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis State of the LME Drivers, Pressures Institutions, laws, policies, economic instruments baseline studies emerging issues Strategic Action Program: Vision Statement Measurable Environmental Objectives robust, quantitative system state indicators Regional/National Policy Environmental Targets, Spatial Planning regular monitoring - all indicators operational indicators: process, pressures fast feedback loop Status and trends Regulations and compliance

20 ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS HUMAN SYSTEMS WELFARE change, attributable to change in STATE RESPONSE an initiative to reduce at least 1 impact DRIVER Activity or process intended to improve eeeeee human welfare impacts PRESSURE Means by which 1 DRIVER causes or contributes to a change in STATE STATE Specific attribute of the natural environment that reflects its integrity

21 Thank you. Dr. Annadel S. Cabanban holds consultancy positions in the: GEF ID 3589/ReTA 7813 Project on Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the CTI Southeast Asia as Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management Specialist, PRIMEX, Inc. Philippines GEF/ReTA 7753 Project on Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the CTI Pacific as Biodiversity Specialist, ANZDEC, Ltd. New Zealand Disclaimer: The views in this presentation do not reflect the views and opinion of the CTI Interim Regional Secretariat and CTI Council and the GEF and its implementing agencies in the CT.

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