Section 1- Geography and the Early Greeks

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1 Name: Class: Date: 6 th Grade World History Chapter 8 Study Guide: Ancient Greece Section 1- Geography and the Early Greeks 1) Complete the chart below to show how geography shaped the lives of early Greeks. Geographic Features of Greece Impact/Effect of Geography *Discuss with someone at home: - How might the difficulty of mountain travel have been a benefit to the Greeks? - Compare the development of civilization in Greece with other cultures that we have studied. Tell at least one similarity and one difference. - Which physical feature would you say was most responsible for limiting contact between Greek communities? 2) The was the foundation of Greek civilization. Greeks joined together in these small groups for and. The Greek name for this independent political unit is. 3) In the space below, create a picture/diagram to depict what life was like in a city-state. Be sure to include descriptive labels and/or captions. Section 2- Government in Athens 1) A democracy is a form of government in which. 2) Citizens are people who have the right to.

2 3) Check all of the statements that are true about the first democracy in Athens: Women, slaves, and foreigners had the right to vote. All citizens had the right to participate in assemblies or meetings. Every citizen had the right to speak and engage in public debate. Rich landowners, or aristocrats, had more power than citizens. Voting was done by a show of hands or a secret ballot. 4) Why did Athenians sometimes form smaller councils of officials? 5) What type of democracy did the people of Athens have? 6) The founders of the United States created a democracy. 7) How does a representative democracy work? 8) Why wouldn t the form of democracy used in Athens work for a country like ours? Section 3- Greek Mythology and Literature 1) Greek mythology is. Each story, or myth, explained or events. 2) Among the most important gods were, king of the gods and Apollo, god of the. 3) was a great poet and one of the earliest Greek writers. He wrote the and the, poems that describe the heroes who fought in the Trojan War. 4) is famous for his fables. Fables are. 5) Create a web below to show how Greek literature has influenced our world today. Greek Literature and the Modern World

3 Name Class Date 6 th Grade World History Chapter 9 Study Guide: The Greek World Section 2: Sparta and Athens 1) After fighting the Persian Wars, many independent city-states agreed to work together and help defend each other. This agreement is called an. Those who joined forces with Athens became members of the League. Section 3: Alexander the Great 1) In the 300s BC, Greek city-states was conquered and unified by the Macedonians and their leader. After the death of their ruler, the Macedonians were led by his son,. 2) List some areas that Alexander conquered to create his vast empire. 3) List three ways Alexander helped spread Greek, or Hellenic, culture throughout his empire. a) b) c) 4) The new cities created under Alexander s rule blended ideas from Greece as well as elements from their own culture. Because the customs and traditions that they developed weren t completely Greek, historians call this blended culture, or Greek-like. Section 4: Greek Achievements 1) Most Ancient Greeks believed that the actions of their could explain the mysteries of the world. Greek philosophers believed in the power of the human mind to,, and. 2) Which Greek thinker studied numbers and made important advances in the area of geometry? What did he believe? (page 589). 3) Create a chart on loose-leaf paper to record information about Greek achievements in the arts, philosophy, and science. Attach it to this guide.

4 Greek Contributions Statues and Paintings Architecture Writing Arts Socrates Plato Aristotle Philosophy (ways of thinking) Science Greek Contributions Statues and Paintings Architecture Writing Arts Socrates Plato Aristotle Philosophy (ways of thinking) Science

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