An Overview of Western Civilization

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1 The Six Major Periods of Western Civilization (BCE = BC; CE = AD) 1. Mesopotamia, Egypt, & Hebrews ( BCE) 2. Ancient Greece ( BCE) 3. Ancient Rome (753 BCE CE) The Early Middle Ages ( CE) 5. The High Middle Ages ( CE) 6. The Late Middle Ages ( CE)

2 Mesopotamia ( BCE) BCE: Sumerian Civilization Cuneiform, Sargon of Akkad BCE: Old Babylonian Civilization Hammurabi, Abraham (Ur) BCE: Disorder in Mesopotamia BCE: The Middle and New Assyrian Empire BCE: The New Babylonian Empire BCE: The Babylonian Captivity (Nebuchadnezzar)

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4 Egypt ( BCE) BCE: The Old Kingdom Hieroglyphics, Pyramids BCE: The First Intermediate Period BCE: The Middle Kingdom BCE: The Second Intermediate Period BCE: The New Kingdom Hatshepsut, Akhenaten/Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ramses, The Egyptian Captivity BCE: The Late Period

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6 Hebrews ( BCE) ca BCE: Abraham leaves Ur BCE: The Age of the Patriarchs BCE: The Age of the Judges BCE: The United Kingdom Saul, David, Solomon BCE: The Period of the Two Kingdoms 712 BCE: The Fall of Israel to the Assyrians BCE: The Babylonian Captivity 586 BCE: The Fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadnezzar s army

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8 Ancient Greece ( BCE) BCE: the Indo-European invasions ca BCE: The Fall of Troy BCE: Dark Age BCE: Homer and the Age of Greek Epic The Iliad and The Odyssey, Agamemnon BCE: the Pre-Classical Age BCE: The Birth of Athenian Democracy BCE: The Persian Wars 490 BCE: The First Persian War; BCE: The Second Persian War

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10 Ancient Greece ( BCE) BCE: The Classical Age Pericles, Parthenon, Philosophy, Drama BCE: The Peloponnesian War: Athens vs. Sparta BCE: Civil War and the Rise of Macedon 338 BCE: The Battle of Chaeronea BCE: Alexander the Great BCE: The Hellenistic Age

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12 Ancient Rome (753 BCE CE) ca BCE: Aeneas settles Italy 753 BCE: Romulus founds the city of Rome BCE: Kings rule Rome 510 BCE: The Founding of the Roman Republic Age of Patriotism, Cincinnatus BCE: The Punic Wars BCE: The First Punic War BCE: The Second Punic War (Hannibal)

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14 Ancient Rome (753 BCE CE) BCE: Rome conquers the Mediterranean world March 15, 44 BCE: Caesar is assassinated 31 BCE - 14 CE: Augustus rules as Roman Emperor 31 BCE: The Battle of Actium 19 BCE: Vergil s Aeneid is published 31 BCE CE: The Roman Empire ca CE: St. Paul, The Gospels, The Gnostics CE: Hadrian (Pantheon) 330 CE: Constantine founds Constantinople (Istanbul)

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16 Early Middle Ages ( CE) 476 CE: The Fall of Rome Barbarian Invasions: Huns, Vandals, Visigoths CE: The Dark Age in Western Europe CE: Justinian rules the Byzantine Empire Theodora, Procopius Anecdota, The Church of Hagia Sophia

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18 Early Middle Ages ( CE) 476 CE: The Fall of Rome Barbarian Invasions: Huns, Vandals, Visigoths CE: The Dark Age in Western Europe CE: Justinian rules the Byzantine Empire Theodora, Procopius Anecdota, The Church of Hagia Sophia ca CE: Muhammad and the Birth of Islam Hegira, Ka aba, Koran, Jihad, Caliphs, Shi ites CE: The Umayyad Dynasty CE: The Abbasid Dynasty

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20 Early Middle Ages ( CE) CE: The Carolingians and the Holy Roman Empire

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22 Early Middle Ages ( CE) CE: The Carolingians and the Holy Roman Empire CE: The Viking Invasions

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24 High Middle Ages ( CE) CE: The Rise of the Medieval Papacy Cathedrals, Chivalry CE: The First Crusade CE: The Fourth Crusade 1204 CE: The Sack of Constantinople

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26 Late Middle Ages ( CE) CE: The Great Famine CE: The Hundred Years War Joan of Arc

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28 Late Middle Ages ( CE) CE: The Great Famine CE: The Hundred Years War Joan of Arc CE: The Black Death

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