Review 1. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Review 1. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question."

Transcription

1 Review 1 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When hydrogen nuclei fuse into helium nuclei a. the nuclei die. c. particles collide. b. energy is released. d. particles neutralize. 2. Energy produced in the sun s core is the result of a. nuclear division. c. nuclear fusion. b. nuclear fission. d. nuclear fissure. 3. Einstein s equation E = mc 2 helps scientists understand the sun s energy because the equation a. describes nuclear fission. b. explains how mass can be converted into huge amounts of energy. c. describes solar flares. d. explains a star s specific wavelengths of light. 4. Temperature inversions can occur when a. hot air rises during night and sinks during c. cool air becomes trapped below warm air. the day. b. air is heated directly by solar radiation. d. places are warmer in winter than summer. 5. Snow on the ground prevents polar climates from gaining heat by what mechanism? a. heating by greenhouse gases c. reflection of solar radiation b. heat spread from the equator d. release of heat from Earth s core 6. Energy from the sun travels to Earth as a. visible light. c. ultraviolet rays. b. infrared rays. d. electromagnetic radiation. 7. The solar radiation least absorbed by the layers of the atmosphere before reaching Earth is a. visible light. c. X rays. b. radio waves. d. ultraviolet rays. 8. After Earth absorbs visible light and changes it into infrared energy heating the ground, what kind of energy does the atmosphere absorb from the ground? a. albedo c. solar b. thermal d. mirage 9. Solar radiation that is not reflected back into the atmosphere a. is destroyed by ozone. c. is changed to radio waves. b. is absorbed by surface materials. d. becomes visible. 10. Radiation whose wavelengths are among the shortest are a. X rays. c. infrared waves. b. visible light. d. radio waves. 11. What are the two sources of energy for the Earth system? a. lightning and the sun c. the sun and wind b. the sun and Earth s interior d. Earth s interior and the winds 12. The sun s energy drives which of the following processes? a. volcanic eruptions c. weather and ocean circulation

2 b. earthquakes d. mountain building 13. Only about 50% of the solar energy directed toward the Earth penetrates directly to the surface. What happens to the rest of the radiation? a. It is absorbed or reflected by the atmosphere. c. It is reflected off the Moon and back into space. b. It loses energy traveling through space. d. It loses energy overcoming the Sun s gravity. 14. Earth s atmosphere is divided into layers that are based upon their a. water content. c. gas content. b. relative humidity. d. temperature gradient. 15. Most weather occurs in the. a. stratosphere c. troposphere b. mesosphere d. thermosphere 16. Which of the following correctly lists the layers represented from Earth moving upward in the correct sequence? a. troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere c. troposphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, stratosphere b. thermosphere, mesosphere, stratosphere, d. mesosphere, troposphere, thermosphere, troposphere stratosphere 17. What is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere? a. oxygen c. carbon dioxide b. nitrogen d. hydrogen 18. The form of oxygen that combines three oxygen atoms into each molecule is called. a. argon c. chlorofluorocarbon b. thermopause d. ozone 19. When energy is transferred to air, what happens to the particles of air? a. They move slower. c. They cool down. b. They move faster. d. none of the above 20. What causes heat, or the transfer of energy from one object to another? a. differences in pressure c. high albedos b. differences in temperature d. low albedos 21. Which electromagnetic waves have the longest wavelengths? a. radio c. gamma b. infrared d. ultraviolet 22. Which energy transfer process involves the movement of mass within a gas or liquid? a. conduction c. radiation b. convection d. reflection 23. A metal spoon becomes hot after being left in a pan of boiling water. This is an example of. a. convection c. radiation b. conduction d. reflection 24. The two most important heat-absorbing gases, greenhouse gases, in the lower atmosphere are. a. oxygen and nitrogen c. argon and hydrogen b. ozone and chlorofluorocarbon d. water vapor and carbon dioxide 25. Which of the following is true? a. Land heats less rapidly than water. b. Land heats more rapidly than water. c. Land reaches higher temperatures than water.

3 d. both b and c 26. Atmospheric pressure is measured with a(n) a. altimeter. c. scale. b. barometer. d. thermometer. 27. Which of the following is NOT part of scientific methods? a. form a hypothesis c. ask a question b. draw conclusions d. become a scientist 28. Earth science is the scientific study of a. chemical equations. c. Earth and its universe. b. health and nutrition. d. human behavior. 29. What are the four main branches of Earth science? a. chemistry, physics, biology, zoology b. geography, astrology, phrenology, psychology c. geology, oceanography, astronomy, meteorology d. sophistry, philosophy, anthropology, neurology 30. Once an idea has been tested repeatedly and gains general acceptance, the idea a. is a called a scientific law. b. is true, without any doubt. c. is considered an unproven hypothesis. d. may be the basis for a scientific theory. 31. Earth s four major spheres are the. a. hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere b. hydrosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere c. hydrosphere, asthenosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere d. hydrosphere, geosphere, lithosphere, and asthenosphere 32. A preliminary untested explanation that tries to explain how or why things happen in the manner observed is a scientific. a. law c. fact b. theory d. hypothesis 33. What is the relationship between fossil fuels and the greenhouse effect? a. Burning fossil fuels decreases incoming solar radiation. b. Burning fossil fuels decreases the absorption capacity of greenhouse gases. c. Burning fossil fuels lowers the greenhouse effect. d. Burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. 34. Albedo is the fraction of solar radiation reaching Earth that is a. refracted. c. reflected. b. destroyed. d. absorbed. 35. The force exerted by the weight of the air above is called. a. air pressure c. the Coriolis effect b. convergence d. divergence 36. In which direction is air pressure exerted? a. upward c. sideways b. downward d. all of the above 37. According to scientists, which of the following material categories is thought to be the primary cause for the depletion of the ozone layer? a. chlorofluorocarbons c. fossil fuels

4 b. coal-containing sulfur d. hydrocarbons 38. The burning of fossil fuels releases large amounts of into the atmosphere, which contributes to global warming. a. carbon monoxide c. carbon dioxide b. calcium carbonate d. sulfur dioxide 39. What happens to air pressure as altitude increases, as you go higher, in the atmosphere a. it gets warmer c. it increases b. it decreases d. it gets wetter 40. A contour interval is the a. difference in elevation between one contact line and the next. b. difference in color between one contour line and the next. c. difference in rock age between one geologic unit and the next. d. difference in elevation between one contour line and the next. 41. What is latitude? a. the angular distance north or south from the equator b. the linear distance north or south from the equator c. the angular distance east or west from the prime meridian d. the linear distance north or south from the prime meridian 42. What is longitude? a. the linear distance north or south from the prime meridian b. the angular distance east or west from the prime meridian c. the angular distance north or south from the equator d. the linear distance east or west from the equator 43. Latitude and longitude can locate a place on Earth s surface by describing its position in degrees, minutes, and seconds a. east or west of the prime meridian and north or south of the equator. b. north or south of 180 latitude and east or west 180 longitude. c. east or west of the international date line and north or south of the poles. d. north or south of the prime meridian and east or west of the equator. 44. On a topographic map, contour lines that form a circle indicate a(n). a. lake c. hill b. ocean d. depression

5 45. In Figure 1-2, what is the distance from point B to point C? a. 4 miles c. 5 kilometers b. 6 miles d. 4 kilometers 46. In Figure 1-2, what is the contour interval of the map? a. 10 feet c. 100 feet b. 50 feet d. 25 feet 47. In Figure 1-2, what is the approximate difference in elevation between point E and point D? a feet c. 750 feet b feet d feet 48. In Figure 1-2, what is the elevation of Sugar Loaf Mountain? a. 11,300 feet c feet b. 15,000 feet d. 10,000 feet 49. The process of evaluating research before publication is called a. prosecution. c. peer pressure. b. persecution. d. peer review. 50. The highest elevation on this topographic map can be no more than about: a. 25 meters c. 45 meters

6 b. 34 meters d. 49 meters

7 Earth Science Common Assessment 1 Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 1 2. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 1 3. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 1 4. ANS: C PTS: 1 5. ANS: C PTS: 1 6. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 2 7. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 2 8. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 2 9. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L1.10 STA: 4.a 12. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L1.10 STA: 5.a 5.b 13. ANS: A PTS: ANS: D PTS: ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L1 7.1 STA: 8.a 16. ANS: A PTS: ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L1 7.1 STA: 8.a 18. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: L1 7.1 STA: 8.a 19. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L2 7.3 STA: 5.a 5.c 21. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: L2 7.5 STA: 8.a 8.b 25. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: L2 7.7 STA: 6.b 26. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 1

8 27. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 2 OBJ: ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: L STA: 6.d 34. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: L1 9.1 STA: 5.b 36. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: L2 9.1 STA: 5.b 37. ANS: A PTS: ANS: C PTS: 1 NAT: UCP2 F2 F3 F4 39. ANS: B PTS: ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: L ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: ANS: B PTS: 1

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Test 2 f14 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Carbon cycles through the Earth system. During photosynthesis, carbon is a. released from wood

More information

Section 1 The Earth System

Section 1 The Earth System Section 1 The Earth System Key Concept Earth is a complex system made up of many smaller systems through which matter and energy are continuously cycled. What You Will Learn Energy and matter flow through

More information

California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping

California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping California Standards Grades 912 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping Earth Sciences Earth s Place in the Universe 1. Astronomy and planetary exploration reveal the solar system s structure,

More information

Earth Sciences -- Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. California State Science Content Standards. Mobile Climate Science Labs

Earth Sciences -- Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. California State Science Content Standards. Mobile Climate Science Labs Earth Sciences -- Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12 California State Science Content Standards Covered in: Hands-on science labs, demonstrations, & activities. Investigation and Experimentation. Lesson Plans. Presented

More information

The Earth s Atmosphere

The Earth s Atmosphere THE SUN-EARTH SYSTEM III The Earth s Atmosphere Composition and Distribution of the Atmosphere The composition of the atmosphere and the way its gases interact with electromagnetic radiation determine

More information

The Earth's Atmosphere. Layers of the Earth's Atmosphere

The Earth's Atmosphere. Layers of the Earth's Atmosphere The Earth's Atmosphere The atmosphere surrounds Earth and protects us by blocking out dangerous rays from the sun. The atmosphere is a mixture of gases that becomes thinner until it gradually reaches space.

More information

6. The greatest atmospheric pressure occurs in the 1) troposphere 3) mesosphere 2) stratosphere 4) thermosphere

6. The greatest atmospheric pressure occurs in the 1) troposphere 3) mesosphere 2) stratosphere 4) thermosphere 1. The best evidence of the Earth's nearly spherical shape is obtained through telescopic observations of other planets photographs of the Earth from an orbiting satellite observations of the Sun's altitude

More information

ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation

ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation Reading: Meteorology Today, Chapters 2 and 3 EARTH-SUN GEOMETRY The Earth has an elliptical orbit around the sun The average Earth-Sun

More information

Solar Flux and Flux Density. Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle. Solar Energy Incident On the Earth. Solar Flux Density Reaching Earth

Solar Flux and Flux Density. Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle. Solar Energy Incident On the Earth. Solar Flux Density Reaching Earth Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle Solar Flux and Flux Density Planetary energy balance Greenhouse Effect Vertical energy balance Latitudinal energy balance Seasonal and diurnal cycles Solar Luminosity (L)

More information

ATMOSPHERIC STRUCTURE. The vertical distribution of temperature, pressure,

ATMOSPHERIC STRUCTURE. The vertical distribution of temperature, pressure, ATMOSPHERIC STRUCTURE. The vertical distribution of temperature, pressure, density, and composition of the atmosphere constitutes atmospheric structure. These quantities also vary with season and location

More information

Science Tutorial TEK 6.9C: Energy Forms & Conversions

Science Tutorial TEK 6.9C: Energy Forms & Conversions Name: Teacher: Pd. Date: Science Tutorial TEK 6.9C: Energy Forms & Conversions TEK 6.9C: Demonstrate energy transformations such as energy in a flashlight battery changes from chemical energy to electrical

More information

1. At which temperature would a source radiate the least amount of electromagnetic energy? 1) 273 K 3) 32 K 2) 212 K 4) 5 K

1. At which temperature would a source radiate the least amount of electromagnetic energy? 1) 273 K 3) 32 K 2) 212 K 4) 5 K 1. At which temperature would a source radiate the least amount of electromagnetic energy? 1) 273 K 3) 32 K 2) 212 K 4) 5 K 2. How does the amount of heat energy reflected by a smooth, dark-colored concrete

More information

Name: Class: Date: 10. Some substances, when exposed to visible light, absorb more energy as heat than other substances absorb.

Name: Class: Date: 10. Some substances, when exposed to visible light, absorb more energy as heat than other substances absorb. Name: Class: Date: ID: A PS Chapter 13 Review Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true. 1. In all cooling

More information

ATM S 111, Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast

ATM S 111, Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast ATM S 111, Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast DARGAN M. W. FRIERSON DEPARTMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES DAY 1: OCTOBER 1, 2015 Outline How exactly the Sun heats the Earth How strong? Important concept

More information

CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles

CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles I. Air Temperature: Five important factors influence air temperature: A. Insolation B. Latitude C. Surface types D. Coastal vs. interior

More information

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE 1. What is climate change? Climate change is a long-term shift in the climate of a specific location, region or planet. The shift is measured by changes in features associated

More information

AZ State Standards. Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred.

AZ State Standards. Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred. Forms of Energy AZ State Standards Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred. PO 1. Describe the following ways in which

More information

Characteristics of the. thermosphere

Characteristics of the. thermosphere Characteristics of the Atmosphere. If you were lost in the desert, you could survive for a few days without food and water. But you wouldn't last more than five minutes without the ' Objectives Describe

More information

Atmospheric Layers. Ionosphere. Exosphere. Thermosphere. Mesosphere. Stratosphere. Troposphere. mi (km) above sea level 250 (400) 50 (80) 30 (50)

Atmospheric Layers. Ionosphere. Exosphere. Thermosphere. Mesosphere. Stratosphere. Troposphere. mi (km) above sea level 250 (400) 50 (80) 30 (50) mi (km) above sea level Atmospheric Layers Exosphere 250 (400) Thermosphere Ionosphere 50 (80) Mesosphere Ozone Layer 30 (50) 7 (12) Stratosphere Troposphere Atmospheric Layers Earth s atmosphere is held

More information

The Earth System. The geosphere is the solid Earth that includes the continental and oceanic crust as well as the various layers of Earth s interior.

The Earth System. The geosphere is the solid Earth that includes the continental and oceanic crust as well as the various layers of Earth s interior. The Earth System The atmosphere is the gaseous envelope that surrounds Earth. It consists of a mixture of gases composed primarily of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water vapor. The atmosphere and

More information

What are the subsystems of the Earth? The 4 spheres

What are the subsystems of the Earth? The 4 spheres What are the subsystems of the Earth? The 4 spheres Essential Questions What are the 4 spheres of the Earth? How do these spheres interact? What are the major cycles of the Earth? How do humans impact

More information

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) Correlation to. EarthComm, Second Edition. Project-Based Space and Earth System Science

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) Correlation to. EarthComm, Second Edition. Project-Based Space and Earth System Science The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) Achieve, Inc. on behalf of the twenty-six states and partners that collaborated on the NGSS Copyright 2013 Achieve, Inc. All rights reserved. Correlation to,

More information

CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth

CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth This chapter is concerned with the nature of energy and how it interacts with Earth. At this stage we are looking at energy in an abstract form though relate it to how it affect

More information

ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE. GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment

ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE. GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment School Year 2013-2014 Directions for Grade 6 Post-Assessment The Grade 6 Post-Assessment is

More information

Composition of the Atmosphere. Outline Atmospheric Composition Nitrogen and Oxygen Lightning Homework

Composition of the Atmosphere. Outline Atmospheric Composition Nitrogen and Oxygen Lightning Homework Molecules of the Atmosphere The present atmosphere consists mainly of molecular nitrogen (N2) and molecular oxygen (O2) but it has dramatically changed in composition from the beginning of the solar system.

More information

Lecture 1: A Brief Survey of the Atmosphere

Lecture 1: A Brief Survey of the Atmosphere Lecture 1: A Brief Survey of the Atmosphere Origins of the atmosphere Vertical structures of the atmosphere Weather maps Thickness of the Atmosphere (from Meteorology Today) 70% The thickness of the atmosphere

More information

8.5 Comparing Canadian Climates (Lab)

8.5 Comparing Canadian Climates (Lab) These 3 climate graphs and tables of data show average temperatures and precipitation for each month in Victoria, Winnipeg and Whitehorse: Figure 1.1 Month J F M A M J J A S O N D Year Precipitation 139

More information

Prentice Hall Biology (Miller/Levine) 2008 Correlated to: Colorado Science Standards and Benchmarks (Grades 9-12)

Prentice Hall Biology (Miller/Levine) 2008 Correlated to: Colorado Science Standards and Benchmarks (Grades 9-12) 1. ask questions and state hypotheses using prior scientific knowledge to help design and guide their development and implementation of a scientific investigation STANDARD 1: Students apply the processes

More information

CHAPTER 6 THE TERRESTRIAL PLANETS

CHAPTER 6 THE TERRESTRIAL PLANETS CHAPTER 6 THE TERRESTRIAL PLANETS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which of the following is NOT one of the four stages in the development of a terrestrial planet? 2. That Earth, evidence that Earth differentiated.

More information

Introduction and Origin of the Earth

Introduction and Origin of the Earth Page 1 of 5 EENS 1110 Tulane University Physical Geology Prof. Stephen A. Nelson Introduction and Origin of the Earth This page last updated on 30-Jul-2015 Geology, What is it? Geology is the study of

More information

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION THERMAL ENERGY

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION THERMAL ENERGY TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION THERMAL ENERGY In general, when an object performs work on another object, it does not transfer all of its energy to that object. Some of the energy is lost as heat due to

More information

Section 1.1 What Is Earth Science? This section explains what Earth science is and what Earth scientists study.

Section 1.1 What Is Earth Science? This section explains what Earth science is and what Earth scientists study. Section 11 What Is Earth Science? This section explains what Earth science is and what Earth scientists study Reading Strategy Categorizing As you read about the different branches of Earth science, fill

More information

MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE

MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE 1 MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE 1. The volume of a given mass of water at a temperature of T 1 is V 1. The volume increases to V 2 at temperature T 2. The coefficient of volume expansion of water may be calculated

More information

Temperature. PJ Brucat

Temperature. PJ Brucat PJ Brucat Temperature - the measure of average kinetic energy (KE) of a gas, liquid, or solid. KE is energy of motion. KE = ½ mv 2 where m=mass and v=velocity (speed) 1 All molecules have KE whether solid,

More information

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Radiation Convection Currents Winds Jet Streams Energy from the Sun reaches Earth as electromagnetic waves This energy fuels all life on Earth including the

More information

OBJECTIVES. Identify the means by which latitude and longitude were created and the science upon which they are based.

OBJECTIVES. Identify the means by which latitude and longitude were created and the science upon which they are based. Name: Key OBJECTIVES Correctly define: isolines, gradient, topographic map, contour interval, hachured lines, profile, latitude, longitude, hydrosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere, elevation, model EARTH

More information

What Is Heat? What Is Heat?

What Is Heat? What Is Heat? What Is Heat? Paul shivered inside the wood cabin. It was cold outside, and inside the cabin it wasn t much warmer. Paul could hear the rain beating down on the roof. Every few minutes there would be a

More information

Electromagnetic Radiation Energy that comes to us from the sun is transported in the form of waves known as electromagnetic energy.

Electromagnetic Radiation Energy that comes to us from the sun is transported in the form of waves known as electromagnetic energy. Electromagnetic Radiation Energy that comes to us from the sun is transported in the form of waves known as electromagnetic energy. This combines electricity and magnetism such that setting up an electric

More information

6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test.

6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test. Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 1. Weather is be defined as the A. changes that occur in cloud formations from day to day. B. amount of rain or snow that

More information

Seasonal & Daily Temperatures. Seasons & Sun's Distance. Solstice & Equinox. Seasons & Solar Intensity

Seasonal & Daily Temperatures. Seasons & Sun's Distance. Solstice & Equinox. Seasons & Solar Intensity Seasonal & Daily Temperatures Seasons & Sun's Distance The role of Earth's tilt, revolution, & rotation in causing spatial, seasonal, & daily temperature variations Please read Chapter 3 in Ahrens Figure

More information

CHAPTER 3 Heat and energy in the atmosphere

CHAPTER 3 Heat and energy in the atmosphere CHAPTER 3 Heat and energy in the atmosphere In Chapter 2 we examined the nature of energy and its interactions with Earth. Here we concentrate initially on the way in which energy interacts with the atmosphere

More information

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon The Universe is thought to consist of trillions of galaxies. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, has billions of stars. One of those stars is our Sun. Our solar system consists of the Sun at the center, and all

More information

Chapter Overview. Seasons. Earth s Seasons. Distribution of Solar Energy. Solar Energy on Earth. CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction

Chapter Overview. Seasons. Earth s Seasons. Distribution of Solar Energy. Solar Energy on Earth. CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction Chapter Overview CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction The atmosphere and the ocean are one independent system. Earth has seasons because of the tilt on its axis. There are three major wind belts in each hemisphere.

More information

Multiple Choice Exam Questions

Multiple Choice Exam Questions Chapter 1 Multiple Choice Exam Questions 1. The primary source of energy for the earth's atmosphere is: a. energy from within the earth b. the sun c. erupting volcanoes d. lightning discharges associated

More information

The Ideal Gas Law. Gas Constant. Applications of the Gas law. P = ρ R T. Lecture 2: Atmospheric Thermodynamics

The Ideal Gas Law. Gas Constant. Applications of the Gas law. P = ρ R T. Lecture 2: Atmospheric Thermodynamics Lecture 2: Atmospheric Thermodynamics Ideal Gas Law (Equation of State) Hydrostatic Balance Heat and Temperature Conduction, Convection, Radiation Latent Heating Adiabatic Process Lapse Rate and Stability

More information

INSPIRE GK12 Lesson Plan. The Chemistry of Climate Change Length of Lesson

INSPIRE GK12 Lesson Plan. The Chemistry of Climate Change Length of Lesson Lesson Title The Chemistry of Climate Change Length of Lesson 180 min Created By David Wilson Subject Physical Science / Chemistry / Organic Chemistry Grade Level 8-12 State Standards 2c, 4d / 2a, 4d /

More information

GEOLOGY 10 Extended Notes #6 The Atmosphere (LT Chapter 11)

GEOLOGY 10 Extended Notes #6 The Atmosphere (LT Chapter 11) GEOLOGY 10 Extended Notes #6 The Atmosphere (LT Chapter 11) Weather vs. climate? Composition of Air Major Gases Mostly N and O (Fig. 11.2 on p. 283). Additives Water vapor the source of clouds and precipitation

More information

Rocks and Plate Tectonics

Rocks and Plate Tectonics Name: Class: _ Date: _ Rocks and Plate Tectonics Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What is a naturally occurring, solid mass of mineral or

More information

Scope and Sequence Interactive Science grades 6-8

Scope and Sequence Interactive Science grades 6-8 Science and Technology Chapter 1. What Is Science? 1. Science and the Natural World 2.Thinking Like a Scientist 3. Scientific Inquiry Scope and Sequence Interactive Science grades 6-8 Chapter 2. Science,

More information

WHERE DID ALL THE ELEMENTS COME FROM??

WHERE DID ALL THE ELEMENTS COME FROM?? WHERE DID ALL THE ELEMENTS COME FROM?? In the very beginning, both space and time were created in the Big Bang. It happened 13.7 billion years ago. Afterwards, the universe was a very hot, expanding soup

More information

Energy Pathways in Earth s Atmosphere

Energy Pathways in Earth s Atmosphere BRSP - 10 Page 1 Solar radiation reaching Earth s atmosphere includes a wide spectrum of wavelengths. In addition to visible light there is radiation of higher energy and shorter wavelength called ultraviolet

More information

Structure and Properties of Atoms

Structure and Properties of Atoms PS-2.1 Compare the subatomic particles (protons, neutrons, electrons) of an atom with regard to mass, location, and charge, and explain how these particles affect the properties of an atom (including identity,

More information

Climate Lingo Bingo. Climate Discovery: Climate Future. http://.eo.ucar.edu. Teacher s Guide. National Science Content Standards Addressed:

Climate Lingo Bingo. Climate Discovery: Climate Future. http://.eo.ucar.edu. Teacher s Guide. National Science Content Standards Addressed: Climate Discovery: Climate Future Climate Lingo Bingo Teacher s Guide http://.eo.ucar.edu Subject Focus: Earth Science Environmental Science Political Science and Social Studies Materials & Preparations:

More information

Layers of the Earth s Interior

Layers of the Earth s Interior Layers of the Earth s Interior 1 Focus Question How is the Earth like an ogre? 2 Objectives Explain how geologists have learned about the interior of the Earth. Describe the layers of the Earth s interior.

More information

Water & Climate Review

Water & Climate Review Water & Climate Review 1. The cross section below shows the direction of air flowing over a mountain. Points A and B are at the same elevation on opposite sides of the mountain. 4. The graph below shows

More information

RELEASED. Spring 2013 North Carolina Measures of Student Learning: NC s Common Exams Earth/Environmental Science

RELEASED. Spring 2013 North Carolina Measures of Student Learning: NC s Common Exams Earth/Environmental Science Released Form Spring 2013 North arolina Measures of Student Learning: N s ommon Exams Earth/Environmental Science RELESE Public Schools of North arolina State oard of Education epartment of Public Instruction

More information

GRADE 6 SCIENCE. Demonstrate a respect for all forms of life and a growing appreciation for the beauty and diversity of God s world.

GRADE 6 SCIENCE. Demonstrate a respect for all forms of life and a growing appreciation for the beauty and diversity of God s world. GRADE 6 SCIENCE STRAND A Value and Attitudes Catholic Schools exist so that curriculum may be taught in the light of Gospel teachings. Teachers must reinforce Gospel truths and values so that students

More information

Semester 2. Final Exam Review

Semester 2. Final Exam Review Semester 2 Final Exam Review Motion and Force Vocab Motion object changes position relative to a reference point. Speed distance traveled in a period of time. Velocity speed in a direction. Acceleration

More information

Name: Period: # Plate Tectonics. Journey to the center of the Earth

Name: Period: # Plate Tectonics. Journey to the center of the Earth Plate Tectonics Journey to the center of the Earth Use pages 124 129 to answer the following questions. Exploring Inside Earth (p. 125-126) 1. What are the two main types of evidence that Geologist use

More information

Exam on Heat and Energy

Exam on Heat and Energy Exam on Heat and Energy True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. Energy is the ability to cause change. 2. Energy is measured in joules. 3. When you ride a playground swing, your

More information

Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review

Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review Completion: 1. Mass 13. Kinetic 2. Four 14. thermal 3. Kinetic 15. Thermal energy (heat) 4. Electromagnetic/Radiant 16. Thermal energy (heat) 5. Thermal 17.

More information

UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA CHEMISTRY 102 Midterm Test 1 January 31, 2014 5-6 pm (60 minutes) DISPLAY YOUR STUDENT ID CARD ON THE TOP OF YOUR DESK NOW

UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA CHEMISTRY 102 Midterm Test 1 January 31, 2014 5-6 pm (60 minutes) DISPLAY YOUR STUDENT ID CARD ON THE TOP OF YOUR DESK NOW Version B UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA CHEMISTRY 102 Midterm Test 1 January 31, 2014 5-6 pm (60 minutes) Version B DISPLAY YOUR STUDENT ID CARD ON THE TOP OF YOUR DESK NOW Answer all multiple choice questions

More information

7613-1 - Page 1. Weather Unit Exam Pre-Test Questions

7613-1 - Page 1. Weather Unit Exam Pre-Test Questions Weather Unit Exam Pre-Test Questions 7613-1 - Page 1 Name: 1) Equal quantities of water are placed in four uncovered containers with different shapes and left on a table at room temperature. From which

More information

ch 15 practice test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

ch 15 practice test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ch 15 practice test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Work is a transfer of a. energy. c. mass. b. force. d. motion. 2. What

More information

The atmospheres of different planets

The atmospheres of different planets The atmospheres of different planets Thomas Baron October 13, 2006 1 Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 The atmosphere of the Earth 3 2.1 Description and Composition.................... 3 2.2 Discussion...............................

More information

Lesson 6: Earth and the Moon

Lesson 6: Earth and the Moon Lesson 6: Earth and the Moon Reading Assignment Chapter 7.1: Overall Structure of Planet Earth Chapter 7.3: Earth s Interior More Precisely 7-2: Radioactive Dating Chapter 7.5: Earth s Magnetosphere Chapter

More information

Lesson Plan Simulating the Greenhouse Effect in a Terrarium.

Lesson Plan Simulating the Greenhouse Effect in a Terrarium. Lesson Plan Simulating the Greenhouse Effect in a Terrarium. Content Standards: 1. Matter and Energy in the Earth System Central Concepts 1.1 Identify Earth s principal sources of internal and external

More information

5. The Nature of Light. Does Light Travel Infinitely Fast? EMR Travels At Finite Speed. EMR: Electric & Magnetic Waves

5. The Nature of Light. Does Light Travel Infinitely Fast? EMR Travels At Finite Speed. EMR: Electric & Magnetic Waves 5. The Nature of Light Light travels in vacuum at 3.0. 10 8 m/s Light is one form of electromagnetic radiation Continuous radiation: Based on temperature Wien s Law & the Stefan-Boltzmann Law Light has

More information

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS NAME THE SIX MAJOR CLIMATE REGIONS DESCRIBE EACH CLIMATE REGION TELL THE FIVE FACTORS THAT AFFECT CLIMATE EXPLAIN HOW THOSE FACTORS AFFECT CLIMATE DESCRIBE HOW CLIMATES

More information

8.2 Cells and Energy. What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts. CHAPTER 8. Solar cells and chloroplasts

8.2 Cells and Energy. What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts. CHAPTER 8. Solar cells and chloroplasts CHAPTER 8 CELL PROCESSES 8.2 Cells and Energy To stay alive, you need a constant supply of energy. You need energy to move, think, grow, and even sleep. Where does that energy come from? It all starts

More information

Clouds and the Energy Cycle

Clouds and the Energy Cycle August 1999 NF-207 The Earth Science Enterprise Series These articles discuss Earth's many dynamic processes and their interactions Clouds and the Energy Cycle he study of clouds, where they occur, and

More information

The Sun and Solar Energy

The Sun and Solar Energy I The Sun and Solar Energy One of the most important forces behind global change on Earth is over 90 million miles distant from the planet. The Sun is the ultimate, original source of the energy that drives

More information

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate?

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? In Learning Set 2, you explored how water heats up more slowly than land and also cools off more slowly than land. Weather is caused by events in the atmosphere.

More information

In science, energy is the ability to do work. Work is done when a force causes an

In science, energy is the ability to do work. Work is done when a force causes an What is energy? In science, energy is the ability to do work. Work is done when a force causes an object to move in the direction of the force. Energy is expressed in units of joules (J). A joule is calculated

More information

Description: This competition will test the student's knowledge of meteorological terms, techniques, and events.

Description: This competition will test the student's knowledge of meteorological terms, techniques, and events. Weather or Not Description: This competition will test the student's knowledge of meteorological terms, techniques, and events. Number of Participants: 2 Approximate Time: 45 minutes The Competition: 1.

More information

Chapter 2: Solar Radiation and Seasons

Chapter 2: Solar Radiation and Seasons Chapter 2: Solar Radiation and Seasons Spectrum of Radiation Intensity and Peak Wavelength of Radiation Solar (shortwave) Radiation Terrestrial (longwave) Radiations How to Change Air Temperature? Add

More information

Geography affects climate.

Geography affects climate. KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

More information

Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog. Water in the Atmosphere

Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog. Water in the Atmosphere Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog or Water in the Atmosphere The Hydrologic Cycle Where the Water Exists on Earth Evaporation From the Oceans and Land The Source of Water Vapor for the Atmosphere

More information

Fundamentals of Climate Change (PCC 587): Water Vapor

Fundamentals of Climate Change (PCC 587): Water Vapor Fundamentals of Climate Change (PCC 587): Water Vapor DARGAN M. W. FRIERSON UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, DEPARTMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES DAY 2: 9/30/13 Water Water is a remarkable molecule Water vapor

More information

The Atmosphere and Winds

The Atmosphere and Winds Oceanography 10, T. James Noyes, El Camino College 8A-1 The Atmosphere and Winds We need to learn about the atmosphere, because the ocean and atmosphere are tightly interconnected with one another: you

More information

PHYSICAL WORLD. Heat & Energy GOD S DESIGN. 4th Edition Debbie & Richard Lawrence

PHYSICAL WORLD. Heat & Energy GOD S DESIGN. 4th Edition Debbie & Richard Lawrence PHYSICAL WORLD Heat & Energy GOD S DESIGN 4th Edition Debbie & Richard Lawrence God s Design for the Physical World is a complete physical science curriculum for grades 3 8. The books in this series are

More information

Materials Needed: Time Needed: Adaptations: 2 flyswatters (optional) Vocabulary Definitions (below) Vocabulary Scramble Sheets (below)

Materials Needed: Time Needed: Adaptations: 2 flyswatters (optional) Vocabulary Definitions (below) Vocabulary Scramble Sheets (below) Vocabulary Slap Game ( Flyswatter Game ) Directions: Project a Vocabulary Scramble sheet on a projection screen or Smart Board. Divide the class into two teams. Each team sends one person up to the screen.

More information

2. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

2. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 1. Which weather instrument has most improved the accuracy of weather forecasts over the past 40 years? 1) thermometer 3) weather satellite 2) sling psychrometer 4) weather balloon 6. Wind velocity is

More information

GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE

GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE DESCRIPTION This lesson plan gives students first-hand experience in analyzing the link between atmospheric temperatures and carbon dioxide ( ) s by looking at ice core data spanning hundreds of thousands

More information

Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations

Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects The flow of energy drives processes of change in all biological, chemical, physical, and geological

More information

Energy Quiz. Questions:

Energy Quiz. Questions: Energy Quiz Want to have some fun and learn at the same time. This is not a test. You don t have to pass it and it won t give you a grade. It will just help you learn or find out how much you remember

More information

UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW. 1. A weather instrument is shown below.

UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW. 1. A weather instrument is shown below. UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW 1. A weather instrument is shown below. Which weather variable is measured by this instrument? 1) wind speed 3) cloud cover 2) precipitation 4) air pressure 2. Which weather station

More information

The Earth, Sun, and Moon

The Earth, Sun, and Moon reflect The Sun and Moon are Earth s constant companions. We bask in the Sun s heat and light. It provides Earth s energy, and life could not exist without it. We rely on the Moon to light dark nights.

More information

What is Energy? What is the relationship between energy and work?

What is Energy? What is the relationship between energy and work? What is Energy? What is the relationship between energy and work? Compare kinetic and potential energy What are the different types of energy? What is energy? Energy is the ability to do work. Great, but

More information

Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 5 th edition, 2008)

Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 5 th edition, 2008) EAS 100 Study Guide to Textbook Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 5 th edition, 2008) STUDY GUIDE 1/08 The textbook for EAS 100, Foundations of Earth Science, by Lutgens and Tarbuck is

More information

Chapter 1 Introduction to Earth Science

Chapter 1 Introduction to Earth Science Chapter 1 Introduction to Earth Science Section 1 What Is Earth Science? Key Concepts What is the study of Earth science? How did Earth and the solar system form? Vocabulary Earth science geology oceanography

More information

Meteorology Practice Exam

Meteorology Practice Exam Class: Date: Meteorology Practice Exam Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. In a volume of air near the earth's surface, occupies 78 percent

More information

Curriculum Map Earth Science - High School

Curriculum Map Earth Science - High School September Science is a format process to use Use instruments to measure Measurement labs - mass, volume, to observe, classify, and analyze the observable properties. density environment. Use lab equipment

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2013 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2013 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2013 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 (a) Identify the type of solar radiation that is absorbed by stratospheric ozone and describe one human health benefit that results from the

More information

ASTR 1010 Astronomy of the Solar System Professor Caillault Fall 2009 Semester Exam 3 Answers

ASTR 1010 Astronomy of the Solar System Professor Caillault Fall 2009 Semester Exam 3 Answers ASTR 1010 Astronomy of the Solar System Professor Caillault Fall 2009 Semester Exam 3 Answers 1. Earth's atmosphere differs from those of near-neighbor planets, Venus and Mars, in one important respect

More information

The Science and Ethics of Global warming. Global warming has become one of the central political and scientific issues of

The Science and Ethics of Global warming. Global warming has become one of the central political and scientific issues of The Science and Ethics of Global warming Global warming has become one of the central political and scientific issues of our time. It holds a fascination for scientists because of the tremendous complexity

More information

ESCI-61 Introduction to Photovoltaic Technology. Solar Radiation. Ridha Hamidi, Ph.D.

ESCI-61 Introduction to Photovoltaic Technology. Solar Radiation. Ridha Hamidi, Ph.D. 1 ESCI-61 Introduction to Photovoltaic Technology Solar Radiation Ridha Hamidi, Ph.D. 2 The Sun The Sun is a perpetual source of energy It has produced energy for about 4.6 billions of years, and it is

More information

MAKING SENSE OF ENERGY Electromagnetic Waves

MAKING SENSE OF ENERGY Electromagnetic Waves Adapted from State of Delaware TOE Unit MAKING SENSE OF ENERGY Electromagnetic Waves GOALS: In this Part of the unit you will Learn about electromagnetic waves, how they are grouped, and how each group

More information

Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource

Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource Vol. 9 No. 5 Spring 2003 Editor: Lauren Bell In this issue: g Climate Creations exploring mother nature s remote control for weather and Climate. g Crazy Climate

More information

Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 6 th edition, 2011)

Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 6 th edition, 2011) EAS 100 Study Guide to Textbook Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 6 th edition, 2011) STUDY GUIDE 8/2010 The textbook for EAS 100, Foundations of Earth Science, by Lutgens and Tarbuck

More information