# MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 1 MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE 1. The volume of a given mass of water at a temperature of T 1 is V 1. The volume increases to V 2 at temperature T 2. The coefficient of volume expansion of water may be calculated from A. V2 V1 B. V2- V1 - C. V2- V1 D. T T The commercial production of energy by nuclear fusion is not yet possible mainly due to difficulties with A. obtaining plentiful supplies of a suitable fuel. B. reaching the high temperatures required. C. confining the hot plasma. D. disposing of the radioactive waste products. 3. A wind generator produces 5.0 kw of power for a wind speed of 6.0 ms 1. The best estimate for the power produced for a wind speed of 12.0 m s 1 is A. 10 kw. B. 25 kw. C. 40 kw. D. 125 kw It is hypothesized that global warming may lead to significant changes in the average sea-level. This hypothesis assumes that A. average rainfall will increase. B. icebergs will melt. C. glaciers will melt. D. the rate of evaporation of seawater will increase. T - T V T - T V T - T 1 5. Two black bodies X and Y are at different temperatures. The temperature of body Y is higher than that of body X. Which of the following shows the black body spectra for the two bodies? 2 1 V - V

2 2 6. The diagram below shows a simplified model of the energy balance for Earth. The albedo of the Earth according to this model is equal to A. 2/340 B. 100/340 C. 238/340 D. 240/ The most efficient energy conversion occurs in A. tidal power stations B. diesel engines C. solar panels D. hydro-electric power stations 8. The original source of tidal power is the A. Moon B. Earth C. Sun D. water 9. Heat engines A. produce more work output than energy input B. take in thermal energy at a low temperature and exhaust it t high temperature C. convert heat into mechanical energy D. can be close to 100% efficient 10. All the following statements are correct EXCEPT A. generators convert mechanical energy into electrical energy B. nuclear reactors convert mass into energy C. chemical energy is a form of potential energy D. thermal energy and solar energy are the same 11. Two different objects that have different temperatures are in thermal contact with one another. It is the temperatures of the two objects that determines, A. the amount of internal energy in each object B. the process by which thermal energy is transferred C. the specific heat capacity of each object D. the direction of transfer of thermal energy between the objects

3 3 12. A generator takes in an amount Ek of kinetic energy. An amount W of useful electrical energy is produced. An amount Q of thermal energy is lost due to the moving parts of the generator. The law of conservation of energy and the efficiency of the generator are given by which of the following? Law of conservation of energy Efficiency A. Ek = W + Q W/ Ek B. Ek = W + Q W / Q C. Ek = W Q W / Q D. Ek = W Q W / (Ek Q) 13. Which one of the following is not considered to be a fossil fuel? A. wood B. uranium C. coal D. crude oil 14. The correct rank advance for rank advance of coal is: A. lignite, peat, bituminous coal, anthracite B. bituminous coal, peat, anthracite, lignite C. peat, lignite, bituminous coal anthracite D. antracite, lignite, bituminous coal, peat 15. The fuel below with the highest energy density value is: A. coal B. crude oil C. ethanol D. compressed natural gas 16. The term critical mass refers to A. the mass defect when a fissile nucleus decays. B. the mass of a fissile nucleus. C. the mass required for a self sustaining fission reaction. D. the mass of uranium 235 required to fuel a nuclear reactor. 17. The purpose of the control rods in a nuclear reactor is to: A. absorb excess neutrons B. to slow down the neutrons C. provide a container for the fuel D. reduce the radioactivity of the fissile materials 18. Solar energy: A. is converted completely into electricity in a photovoltaic cell B. is not able to be stored C. is a renewable energy source D. is suitable only for heating water 19. All the following statements are correct EXCEPT A. generators convert mechanical energy into electrical energy B. nuclear reactors convert mass into energy C. chemical energy is a form of potential energy D. thermal energy and solar energy are the same 20. All of the following are natural greenhouse gases EXCEPT: A. methane B. nitrogen C. water vapour D. nitrous oxide

4 4 21. A perfectly black body sphere is at a steady temperature of 473 K and is enclosed in a container at absolute zero temperature. It radiates thermal energy at a rate of 300 Js -1. If the temperature of the sphere is increased to 946 K it radiates heat at a rate of: A. 300 W B W C W D W If the radius of the sphere is doubled it radiates heat at a rate of: A. 300 W B W C W D W If the temperature of the enclosure is raised to 500 K it radiates heat at a rate of: A. 300 W B W C W D W If the enclosure is at 473 K the net rate of heat loss would be: A. 0 W B. 300 W C W D W 22. The relative intensities of the emitted wavelengths of a perfect black body are dependant on the A. the surface area of the black body B. the temperature of the black body C. the radiation per square metre D. the radiation per second 23. Which of the following is a fission reaction? 24. Fission is the process by which A. two light nuclei combine to form a heavier nucleus. B. a heavy nucleus splits to form two lighter nuclei. C. a heavy nucleus splits to form an alpha particle and another nucleus. D. a light nucleus splits to form an electron and another nucleus. 25. Identify the missing product in the reaction

6 6 35. Which of the following is the best estimate for the overall efficiency of a typical coal power station? A. 5 % B. 30 % C. 60 % D. 90 % 36. When sunlight is incident on a solar cell an electric current is produced. This is due to A. a temperature gradient within the cell. B. very long wavelength infrared radiation. C. very short ultraviolet radiation. D. the photoelectric effect. 37. The power per unit length P of an oscillating water column (OWC) is due to the action of a surface wave of amplitude A. Which of the following correctly relates P and A, and correctly identifies the nature of the energy of the water column? Relation between P and A Nature of energy A. P A kinetic B. P A kinetic and potential C. P A 2 kinetic D. P A 2 kinetic and potential 38. The average temperature of the surface of the Sun is about 20 times more than the average surface temperature of the Earth. The average power per unit area radiated by the Earth is P. The average power per unit area radiated by the Sun is A. 20 P. B. 400 P. C P. D P. 39. Global warming reduces the ice and snow cover on Earth. Which of the following correctly describes the changes in albedo and rate of energy absorption by Earth? Albedo Rate of energy absorption A. increase increase B. decrease increase C. increase decrease D. decrease decrease 40. A radio-isotope has an activity of 400 Bq and a half-life of 8 days. After 32 days the activity of the sample is A. 200 Bq. B. 100 Bq. C. 50 Bq. D. 25 Bq.

7 7 41. Which of the following energy sources results from the solar energy incident on Earth? A. Nuclear fission B. Wind energy C. Nuclear fusion D. Geothermal energy 42. Which of the following is a renewable and non-renewable energy source? Renewable Non-renewable A. uranium coal B. tidal uranium C. uranium biogas D. natural gas biogas 43. A thermal power station is 20 % efficient and generates useful electrical power at 1000 MW. The fossil fuel used has an energy density of 50 MJ kg 1. The mass of fuel in kg consumed every second is given by which of the following? A B C. 4 D Which of the following is likely to increase greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere? A. Using natural gas instead of coal to generate electrical energy B. Incineration of waste to generate electrical energy C. Increased use of wind turbines to generate electrical energy D. Carbon dioxide capture and storage at the power station 45. Venus and Earth may be regarded as behaving as black bodies. The mean temperature at the surface of Venus is about 600 K and at the surface of Earth is about 300 K. Which of the following is the best estimate for the ratio 46. In a nuclear power station, a moderator is required to A. control the rate of fission. B. reduce heat losses to the surroundings. C. reduce the energy of high energy neutrons. D. increase the energy of low energy neutrons. 47. Degraded energy is energy that is A. stored in the Earth s atmosphere. B. available from non-renewable energy sources. C. converted into work in a cyclical process. D. no longer available for the performance of useful work. 48. Which of the following correctly describes both the role of the moderator and of the control rods in a nuclear reactor? Moderator Control rods A. slows down the neutrons maintain a constant rate of fission B. cools down the reactor extract thermal energy C. cools down the reactor maintain a constant rate of fission D. slows down the neutrons extract thermal energy

8 8 49. Which of the following correctly shows the energy change in a photovoltaic cell and in a solar heating panel? Photovoltaic cell Solar heating panel A. solar electrical solar thermal B. electrical thermal solar electrical C. solar electrical electrical thermal D. electrical thermal solar thermal 50. The albedo for the oceans is lower than that for glaciers. This is because, compared to ice, sea water A. has a greater density. B. has a greater specific heat capacity. C. has a greater coefficient of volume expansion. D. absorbs a greater amount of radiative power. 51. Which of the following is most likely to reduce the enhanced greenhouse effect? A. Replace the use of gas powered stations with oil powered stations B. Replace coal-fired power stations with nuclear power stations C. Increase the use of all non-renewable energy sources D. Decrease the efficiency of power production 52.. Which of the following correctly shows a renewable and a non-renewable source of energy? Renewable Non-renewable A. oil geothermal B. wind biofuels C. ocean waves nuclear D. natural gas coal 53. Critical mass refers to the amount of fissile material that A. will allow fission to be sustained. B. is equivalent to 235 g of uranium. C. will produce a growing chain reaction. D. is the minimum mass necessary for fission to take place. 54. The annual variations of solar power incident per unit area at a particular point on the Earth s surface is mainly due to the change in the A. distance between the Earth and the Sun. B. angle at which the solar rays hit the surface of the Earth. C. average albedo of the Earth. D. average cloud cover of the Earth.

9 9 55. The water in a reservoir behind a dam drops from an initial height H 0 above a turbine to produce hydroelectricity. At time t =T, h = 0. The graph shows the variation with time t of the height h of the water above the turbine. Which of the following is a measure of the maximum theoretical electric power available? A. H 0 and the slope of the graph B. T and the slope of the graph C. T and the area under the graph D. H 0 and the area under the graph 56. Each square metre of the Sun s surface emits S joules per second. The radius of the Sun is r, and the Sun is at a mean distance R from the Earth. Which of the following gives the solar power incident per unit area of the top layer of the Earth s atmosphere? 57. The diagram shows a simple climate model for Earth. The temperature of the ground is T g and is assumed to radiate as a black body. The temperature of the atmosphere is T a and has an emissivity ε. In the model, the intensity radiated from the ground equals the intensity radiated from the atmosphere towards the ground. What is the ratio

10 10

11 11 MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE 1. C 2.C 3.C 4.C 5.C 6.B 7.D 8.A 9.C 10.D 11.D 12.A 13.B 14.C 15. D 16.C 17.A 18.A 19.D 20.B 21.D(The temperature is doubled. So the factor is 24 = 16 x 300 = 4800 W.), B (The radius is double so the factor is (2r) 2 = 4 x 300 = 1200 W.), A (The same as the rate is only dependant on the temperature of the black body.), A (There is no thermal energy transfer and so no net rate of heat loss) 22. B (It is only dependant on temperature.) 23. D 24. B 25. C 26. C 27. A 28. B 29. B 30. D 31. C 32. D 33. A 34. C 35. B 36. D 37. D 38. D 39. B 40. D 41. B 42. B 43. D 44. B 45. D 46. C 47. D 48. A 49. A 50. D 51. B 52. C 53. A 54. B 55. A 56. B 57. C 58. C 59. D 60. A 61. C

### ENERGY CLIMATE PROBLEMS - SOLUTIONS

1 ENERGY CLIMATE PROBLEMS - SOLUTIONS 1. This question is about energy sources. (a) Fossil fuels are being produced continuously on Earth and yet they are classed as being non-renewable. Outline why fossil

### Module 7 Forms of energy generation

INTRODUCTION In rich countries like Australia, our standard of living is dependent on easily available energy. Every time you catch a bus, turn on a light or watch television energy is being used up. Over

### Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros:

P a g e 1 Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Generating Electrical Energy Using Moving Water: Hydro-Electric Generation

### 12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 Key Concepts: 1. Electrical energy is produced by energy transformations. 2. Electrical energy is produced from renewable and non-renewable resources. 4. Electrical

### In science, energy is the ability to do work. Work is done when a force causes an

What is energy? In science, energy is the ability to do work. Work is done when a force causes an object to move in the direction of the force. Energy is expressed in units of joules (J). A joule is calculated

### Semester 2. Final Exam Review

Semester 2 Final Exam Review Motion and Force Vocab Motion object changes position relative to a reference point. Speed distance traveled in a period of time. Velocity speed in a direction. Acceleration

### Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Test 2 f14 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Carbon cycles through the Earth system. During photosynthesis, carbon is a. released from wood

### Indiana's Academic Standards 2010 ICP Indiana's Academic Standards 2016 ICP. map) that describe the relationship acceleration, velocity and distance.

.1.1 Measure the motion of objects to understand.1.1 Develop graphical, the relationships among distance, velocity and mathematical, and pictorial acceleration. Develop deeper understanding through representations

### Do-Now. 1.) Get out notebook.

Do-Now 1.) Get out notebook. 2.) Answer the following questions on the first clean sheet in your notebook. 1.) What are renewable resources? 2.) What are nonrenewable resources? Alternative Sources of

### CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY Introduction Canadians are among the highest energy consumers in the world. Why? (list 3 possible reasons) Northern climate/very cold temperatures

### Solar Energy. Outline. Solar radiation. What is light?-- Electromagnetic Radiation. Light - Electromagnetic wave spectrum. Electromagnetic Radiation

Outline MAE 493R/593V- Renewable Energy Devices Solar Energy Electromagnetic wave Solar spectrum Solar global radiation Solar thermal energy Solar thermal collectors Solar thermal power plants Photovoltaics

### Science Tutorial TEK 6.9C: Energy Forms & Conversions

Name: Teacher: Pd. Date: Science Tutorial TEK 6.9C: Energy Forms & Conversions TEK 6.9C: Demonstrate energy transformations such as energy in a flashlight battery changes from chemical energy to electrical

### 10 Nuclear Power Reactors Figure 10.1

10 Nuclear Power Reactors Figure 10.1 89 10.1 What is a Nuclear Power Station? The purpose of a power station is to generate electricity safely reliably and economically. Figure 10.1 is the schematic of

### Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot.

Equipment: Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot. Activity 2: 3 thermometers, black paper, white paper Suggested Class Level: 3rd 6th Preparation:

### Renewable vs. non-renewable energy sources, forms and technologies prepared by. A.Gritsevskyi, IAEA

Renewable vs. non-renewable energy sources, forms and technologies prepared by. A.Gritsevskyi, IAEA Objective of this paper is to provide International Recommendations for Energy Statistics (IRES) with

### 5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY

5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY Renewable Energy Key Ideas Renewable energy is a source of energy that can be used and replenished naturally in a relatively short period of time. Non renewable energy

### Section 15.1 Energy and Its Forms (pages 446 452)

Section 15.1 and Its Forms (pages 446 452) This section describes how energy and work are related. It defines kinetic energy and potential energy, and gives examples for calculating these forms of energy.

### Station #1 Interpreting Infographs

Energy Resources Stations Activity Page # 1 Station #1 Interpreting Infographs 1. Identify and explain each of the energy sources (5) illustrated in the infograph. 2. What do the white and black circles

### AZ State Standards. Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred.

Forms of Energy AZ State Standards Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred. PO 1. Describe the following ways in which

### ESCI-61 Introduction to Photovoltaic Technology. Solar Radiation. Ridha Hamidi, Ph.D.

1 ESCI-61 Introduction to Photovoltaic Technology Solar Radiation Ridha Hamidi, Ph.D. 2 The Sun The Sun is a perpetual source of energy It has produced energy for about 4.6 billions of years, and it is

### California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping

California Standards Grades 912 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping Earth Sciences Earth s Place in the Universe 1. Astronomy and planetary exploration reveal the solar system s structure,

### Energy Pathways in Earth s Atmosphere

BRSP - 10 Page 1 Solar radiation reaching Earth s atmosphere includes a wide spectrum of wavelengths. In addition to visible light there is radiation of higher energy and shorter wavelength called ultraviolet

### CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth

CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth This chapter is concerned with the nature of energy and how it interacts with Earth. At this stage we are looking at energy in an abstract form though relate it to how it affect

### Kinetic Theory. Energy. Transfers and Efficiency. The National Grid

AQA P1 Revision Infrared Radiation Heating and Insulating Buildings Kinetic Theory Energy Transfers and Efficiency Energy Transfer by Heating Transferring Electrical Energy Generating Electricity The National

### Basics of Nuclear Physics and Fission

Basics of Nuclear Physics and Fission A basic background in nuclear physics for those who want to start at the beginning. Some of the terms used in this factsheet can be found in IEER s on-line glossary.

### Energy Transformations

Energy Transformations Concept Sheet Energy Transformations PS.6: The student will investigate and understand states and forms of energy and how energy is transferred and transformed. 1. Energy is the

### ch 15 practice test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

ch 15 practice test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Work is a transfer of a. energy. c. mass. b. force. d. motion. 2. What

### Take away concepts. What is Energy? Solar Energy. EM Radiation. Properties of waves. Solar Radiation Emission and Absorption

Take away concepts Solar Radiation Emission and Absorption 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Conservation of energy. Black body radiation principle Emission wavelength and temperature (Wein s Law). Radiation vs. distance

### S1 Topic 9. Energy and Generating Electricity. Level: S1. Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction:

S1 Topic 9 Energy and Generating Electricity Level: S1 Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction: This set of ELA materials is designed for students whose academic ability is comparatively high. The whole unit,

### 5. The Nature of Light. Does Light Travel Infinitely Fast? EMR Travels At Finite Speed. EMR: Electric & Magnetic Waves

5. The Nature of Light Light travels in vacuum at 3.0. 10 8 m/s Light is one form of electromagnetic radiation Continuous radiation: Based on temperature Wien s Law & the Stefan-Boltzmann Law Light has

### Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review

Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review Completion: 1. Mass 13. Kinetic 2. Four 14. thermal 3. Kinetic 15. Thermal energy (heat) 4. Electromagnetic/Radiant 16. Thermal energy (heat) 5. Thermal 17.

### Solar Flux and Flux Density. Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle. Solar Energy Incident On the Earth. Solar Flux Density Reaching Earth

Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle Solar Flux and Flux Density Planetary energy balance Greenhouse Effect Vertical energy balance Latitudinal energy balance Seasonal and diurnal cycles Solar Luminosity (L)

### Q1. (a) The block diagram shows the important parts of a coal burning power station. Use words from the box to complete the block diagram

Q. (a) The block diagram shows the important parts of a coal burning power station. Use words from the box to complete the block diagram boiler condenser furnace generator (b) The diagram shows the energy

### Name Class Date. You do twice as much work. b. You lift two identical books one meter above the ground.

Exercises 9.1 Work (pages 145 146) 1. Circle the letter next to the correct mathematical equation for work. work = force distance work = distance force c. work = force distance d. work = force distance

### Solar Energy Production

Solar Energy Production We re now ready to address the very important question: What makes the Sun shine? Why is this such an important topic in astronomy? As humans, we see in the visible part of the

### SPQ Module 3 Solar Power

SPQ Module 3 Solar Power The sun is the source of all life on earth. Yet we sometimes forget how central it is to our every activity. We stumble through our daily routine worrying about the mundane tribulations

### Energy from the Sun. Objectives: Materials:

AK Target grades: 3-5 AK GLEs: Reading [3] 1.4.1 [4/5] 2.4.1 [3] 1.6.1 [3] 1.6.2 [4/5] 2.6.2 Set up time: 15 minutes Class time: About one class session Overview: The teacher will provide a basic summary

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE 1. What is climate change? Climate change is a long-term shift in the climate of a specific location, region or planet. The shift is measured by changes in features associated

### Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations

Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects The flow of energy drives processes of change in all biological, chemical, physical, and geological

### Earth Sciences -- Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. California State Science Content Standards. Mobile Climate Science Labs

Earth Sciences -- Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12 California State Science Content Standards Covered in: Hands-on science labs, demonstrations, & activities. Investigation and Experimentation. Lesson Plans. Presented

### AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2 The Fremont School District uses oil to heat school buildings. Go Green! is a new project the district will implement. The superintendent has

### Course CME 310 Solar Power For Africa

Course CME 310 Solar Power For Africa ENERGY RESOURCES, ENERGY PRODUCTION AND ENERGY DISTRIBUTION by Prof. Margit Harting NanoSciences Innovation Centre Department of Physics University of Cape Town South

### Chapter 13 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Chapter 13 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is the correct type of energy utilized to produce tidal power? a.

### HOW IT WORKS ELECTRICITY GENERATION

10 2 ELECTRICITY IN ONTARIO Ontario gets its electricity from a mix of energy sources. About half of our electricity comes from nuclear power. The remainder comes from a mix of hydroelectric, coal, natural

### T E A C H E R S N O T E S

T E A C H E R S N O T E S Focus: Students explore energy: its sources, forms, and transformations. Students also consider the benefits of energy-efficient technologies and energy conservation. Learning

### Alternative Energy Resources

Alternative Energy Resources Energy Resource Advantages Disadvantages What are some renewable energy resources? A nonrenewable resource cannot be replaced in a reasonable amount of time. Fossil fuels such

### Time allowed: 1 hour 45 minutes

GCSE PHYSICS Foundation Tier Paper 1F F Specimen 2018 Time allowed: 1 hour 45 minutes Materials For this paper you must have: a ruler a calculator the Physics Equation Sheet (enclosed). Instructions Answer

### Environmental Science 101 Energy. Web-Based Course. Lecture Outline: Terms You Should Know: Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment:

Environmental Science 101 Energy 1 Web-Based Course Lecture Outline: 5. RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES MODULE 5.1 Improving Energy Efficiency A. Improving Energy Efficiency MODULE 5.2 Geothermal, Hydro and

### Review 1. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Review 1 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When hydrogen nuclei fuse into helium nuclei a. the nuclei die. c. particles collide. b. energy

### ENERGY AND ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS. The scientific definition of energy is the ability to do work. The four most common forms of energy are:

ENERGY AND ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS The scientific definition of energy is the ability to do work. The four most common forms of energy are: chemical - potential or stored energy stored in chemicals, released

### INSPIRE GK12 Lesson Plan. The Chemistry of Climate Change Length of Lesson

Lesson Title The Chemistry of Climate Change Length of Lesson 180 min Created By David Wilson Subject Physical Science / Chemistry / Organic Chemistry Grade Level 8-12 State Standards 2c, 4d / 2a, 4d /

### Amherst County Public Schools. AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide. College Board AP Environmental Science Site

Amherst County Public Schools AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide College Board AP Environmental Science Site REV: 8/12 1 st 9 weeks AP Objectives Energy Resources and Consumption A. Energy

### Radiation Transfer in Environmental Science

Radiation Transfer in Environmental Science with emphasis on aquatic and vegetation canopy media Autumn 2008 Prof. Emmanuel Boss, Dr. Eyal Rotenberg Introduction Radiation in Environmental sciences Most

### Geography - Junior Cert

Geography - Junior Cert Energy forms the core of geography and yet it is often overlooked in the race for points. At the Junior Certificate level all the main areas are covered: the means and sources of

### Innovadidattica, Leggere e scrivere l'ambiente

Attenzione: l'allievo ha risposto usando il colore rosso. Allievo: Francesco B. 1. Read 1. Energy basics Energy is in everything. We use energy for everything we do, from making a jump shot to baking cookies

### Structure and Properties of Atoms

PS-2.1 Compare the subatomic particles (protons, neutrons, electrons) of an atom with regard to mass, location, and charge, and explain how these particles affect the properties of an atom (including identity,

Energy What is Energy? Energy is the ability to do work. Any object that has energy has the ability to create force. Energy is one of the fundamental building blocks of our universe. Energy appears in

### Florida Department of Education Student Performance Standards

Florida Department of Education Student Performance Standards 2015 2016 Course Title: Fundamentals of Energy Course Number: 9790300 Course Length: One Year Course Description: The purpose of this course

### Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University

Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University by Andrea Stickley Student at Widener University November 27, 2012 Abstract In recent years, it has come to light about the

### ATM S 111, Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast

ATM S 111, Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast DARGAN M. W. FRIERSON DEPARTMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES DAY 1: OCTOBER 1, 2015 Outline How exactly the Sun heats the Earth How strong? Important concept

### Forms of Energy. Freshman Seminar

Forms of Energy Freshman Seminar Energy Energy The ability & capacity to do work Energy can take many different forms Energy can be quantified Law of Conservation of energy In any change from one form

### ANALYZING ENERGY. Time and Student Grouping Energy Source Analysis and Consequence Wheel: One class period. Grade Levels: 6-12

ANALYZING ENERGY Lesson Concepts: Students will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of nine different energy sources. They will use their knowledge to predict what would happen if the world did not

### Nuclear Physics. Nuclear Physics comprises the study of:

Nuclear Physics Nuclear Physics comprises the study of: The general properties of nuclei The particles contained in the nucleus The interaction between these particles Radioactivity and nuclear reactions

### SOLAR ELECTRICITY: PROBLEM, CONSTRAINTS AND SOLUTIONS

SOLAR ELECTRICITY: PROBLEM, CONSTRAINTS AND SOLUTIONS The United States generates over 4,110 TWh of electricity each year, costing \$400 billion and emitting 2.5 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide (Yildiz,

### Alternative Energy. Terms and Concepts: Relative quantities of potential energy resources, Solar constant, Economies of scale

Objectives Key Terms and Concepts Introduction Solar Wind Hydroelectric Power Geothermal Sources Biofuels Summary: Economies of Scale Questions for the video if time permits Alternative Energy Objectives:

### AN OUTLINE FOR A GREEN SCHOOLS ENERGY CURRICULUM

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 1 2 AN OUTLINE FOR A GREEN SCHOOLS ENERGY CURRICULUM DEVELOPED BY AAAS PROJECT 2061 The course

### Chapter 4 Forms of energy

Chapter 4 Forms of energy Introduction This chapter compromises a set of activities that focuses on the energy sources and conversion. The activities illustrate The concept and forms of energy; The different

### Ch6&7 Test. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Ch6&7 Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following does NOT change the form of existing rock? a. tremendous pressure c.

### New Energy Alternatives

New Energy Alternatives New Renewables Commonly referred to as new because: not used on a wide scale technologies that are still in development believed that they will play a large role in the future Chapter

### ENERGY PRODUCING SYSTEMS

ENERGY PRODUCING SYSTEMS SOLAR POWER INTRODUCTION Energy from the sun falls on our planet on a daily basis. The warmth of the sun creates conditions on earth conducive to life. The weather patterns that

### Alternative Sources of Energy

Amy Dewees MISEP Chohort 1 Capstone: Pedagogy Section Alternative Sources of Energy Unit Description and Rational: This is a unit designed using Understanding by Design, an approach developed by Wiggins

### Great Energy Debate Game Students evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the major energy sources in an innovative debate format.

Great Energy Debate Game Students evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the major energy sources in an innovative debate format. SUBJECT AREAS Science Social Studies Math Language Arts? s s STUDENT

### Module 2.2. Heat transfer mechanisms

Module 2.2 Heat transfer mechanisms Learning Outcomes On successful completion of this module learners will be able to - Describe the 1 st and 2 nd laws of thermodynamics. - Describe heat transfer mechanisms.

### Consider How can you collect solar energy for use in your school? What are other alternatives?

5 a 5 Energy Sources a - Energy from the sun Purpose To explore sourcing our energy from the sun Key concepts Solar energy is a natural and renewable resource Heat energy from the sun can be used to heat

### AS COMPETITION PAPER 2007 SOLUTIONS

AS COMPETITION PAPER 2007 Total Mark/50 SOLUTIONS Section A: Multiple Choice 1. C 2. D 3. B 4. B 5. B 6. A 7. A 8. C 1 Section B: Written Answer Question 9. A mass M is attached to the end of a horizontal

### 1. Nuclear - In YOUR OWN WORDS (not your partner s words) explain how this energy source works.

ENERGY RESOURCES ACTIVITY Integrated Science 4 Name: Date: Period: Directions: In groups, you will be going from station to station answering questions about differing energy resource. Each individual

### Objectives 404 CHAPTER 9 RADIATION

Objectives Explain the difference between isotopes of the same element. Describe the force that holds nucleons together. Explain the relationship between mass and energy according to Einstein s theory

### The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture

The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture In a series of papers in 1970-74, Paul Ehrlich and John Holdren proposed the following equation to estimate the overall impact of our

### Solar and Hydroelectric Power. Abbie Thill Becca Mattson Grace Nordquist Keira Jacobs Miyabi Goedert

Solar and Hydroelectric Power Abbie Thill Becca Mattson Grace Nordquist Keira Jacobs Miyabi Goedert Photovoltaic Cell vs Solar Heating Panel Photovoltaic cells power things such as calculators and satellites.

### Photosynthesis Reactions. Photosynthesis Reactions

Photosynthesis Reactions Photosynthesis occurs in two stages linked by ATP and NADPH NADPH is similar to NADH seen in mitochondria; it is an electron/hydrogen carrier The complete process of photosynthesis

### SOLAR CELLS From light to electricity

SOLAR CELLS From light to electricity Solar Impulse uses nothing but light to power its motors. The effect of light on the material in solar panels allows them to produce the electricity that is needed

### Physics PH1FP. (Jun15PH1FP01) General Certificate of Secondary Education Foundation Tier June 2015. Unit Physics P1. Unit Physics P1 TOTAL

Centre Number Surname Candidate Number For Examiner s Use Other Names Candidate Signature Examiner s Initials Question Mark Science A Unit Physics P1 Physics Unit Physics P1 Friday 12 June 2015 General

### Light as a Wave. The Nature of Light. EM Radiation Spectrum. EM Radiation Spectrum. Electromagnetic Radiation

The Nature of Light Light and other forms of radiation carry information to us from distance astronomical objects Visible light is a subset of a huge spectrum of electromagnetic radiation Maxwell pioneered

### Physics and Economy of Energy Storage

International Conference Energy Autonomy through Storage of Renewable Energies by EUROSOLAR and WCRE October 30 and 31, 2006 Gelsenkirchen / Germany Physics and Economy of Energy Storage Ulf Bossel European

### Electric Power Systems An Overview. Y. Baghzouz Professor of Electrical Engineering University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Electric Power Systems An Overview Y. Baghzouz Professor of Electrical Engineering University of Nevada, Las Vegas Overview Power Generation Conventional power generation Power generation from renewables

### Chapter 2: Forms of Energy

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Goals of Period 2 Section 2.1: To describe the forms of energy Section 2.2: To illustrate conversions from one form of energy to another Section 2.3: To define the efficiency

### Sources of energy : a source of energy is that which is capable of providing enough useful energy at a steady rate over a long period of time.

Energy: - Whenever a body is capable of doing work, the body is said to possess energy. Thus energy is defined as the ability of a body to do work and the amount of energy possessed by a body is equal

### www.universityquestions.in

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK SUBJECT: ME6701-POWER PLANT ENGINEERING YEAR/SEM: III/V UNIT-I COAL BASED THERMAL POWER PLANTS 1. What are the processes of rankine cycle?

### Friday 20 January 2012 Morning

THIS IS A NEW SPECIFICATION H Friday 20 January 2012 Morning GCSE TWENTY FIRST CENTURY SCIENCE PHYSICS A A181/02 Modules P1 P2 P3 (Higher Tier) *A131500112* Candidates answer on the Question Paper. A calculator

### Name: Class: Date: 10. Some substances, when exposed to visible light, absorb more energy as heat than other substances absorb.

Name: Class: Date: ID: A PS Chapter 13 Review Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true. 1. In all cooling

### 5. State the function of pulveriser. The pulverisers are the equipments which are used to powdered coal.

413 POWER PLANT ENGINEERING PART-A 1. Define Power. Power is the rate at which energy is used (or) Energy/time. 2. What are the types of fuels? Solid fuel Liquid fuel Gaseous fuel (Any one among the above

### Introduction to Non- Conventional Energy Systems

Introduction to Non- Conventional Energy Systems Dr.L.Umanand L. Umanand NCES/M1/V1/2004 1 Why Fossil Fuel Base? Applications need concentrated energy i.e. high energy densities. Extraction, storage, distribution

### Lecture 14. Introduction to the Sun

Lecture 14 Introduction to the Sun ALMA discovers planets forming in a protoplanetary disc. Open Q: what physics do we learn about the Sun? 1. Energy - nuclear energy - magnetic energy 2. Radiation - continuum

### Alternatives to Fossil Fuels

LESSON 3 Lesson 3A Lesson 3B Overview Sources of Energy Fossil Fuels Alternatives to Fossil Fuels Students read and discuss what they know of about different energy sources, including the benefits and

### Principle of Thermal Imaging

Section 8 All materials, which are above 0 degrees Kelvin (-273 degrees C), emit infrared energy. The infrared energy emitted from the measured object is converted into an electrical signal by the imaging

### Unit 2 Lesson 1 Introduction to Energy. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Get Energized! What are two types of energy? Energy is the ability to cause change. Energy takes many different forms and causes many different effects. There are two general types of energy: kinetic energy

### General Physical Science

General Physical Science Chapter 4 Work and Energy Work The work done by a constant force F acting upon an object is the product of the magnitude of the force (or component of the force) and the parallel