Pushes and Pulls. TCAPS Created June 2010 by J. McCain

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Pushes and Pulls. TCAPS Created June 2010 by J. McCain"

Transcription

1 Pushes and Pulls K i n d e r g a r t e n S c i e n c e TCAPS Created June 2010 by J. McCain

2

3 Table of Contents Science GLCEs incorporated in this Unit Materials List Overview of Lessons Lesson 1: Ways That Things Move Lesson 2: Pushes and Pulls Lesson 3: Position and Gravity Lesson 4: Speeding Up, Adding Weight Lesson 5: Shapes in Motion Lesson 6: Sorting Motion Words Lesson 7: What Would Happen If Game

4 Science GLCEs Incorporated in Pushes and Pulls Please see the complete Science GLCEs at Below are some areas of the GLCEs for your reference that particularly pertain to this unit. Please reference the document at the link above for all Kindergarten Science GLCEs. Physical Science: Force and Motion Prior to entering kindergarten, many students have developed an understanding of the motion of objects. For example, the young learner has discovered that solid objects cannot move through each other, changes in motion and position of objects are the result of a force outside them, and that objects tend to endure over space and time. They learn even though the ball has rolled out of sight, it still exists behind the wall, under the couch, or behind someone s back. They can also make inferences about reasonable causes of motion of inanimate objects. Pre-kindergarteners have their own concept of force that they use to explain what happens in the motion of objects. They think of forces as active pushes and pulls that are needed to explain an object s motion. The kindergarten content expectations for physical science are meant to build on and use the early learners ability to correctly sense some of the behaviors of simple mechanical objects and the motion of objects. The central idea is for the young learner to be able to attach appropriate language that describes motion, compares motion, and begin to develop an understanding of forces and their relationship to changes in motion. Finally the students are introduced to the concept that objects fall toward the Earth and that the force that pulls objects toward Earth affects the motion of all objects. PHYSICAL SCIENCE: Force and Motion K-7 Standard P.FM: Develop an understanding that the position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference. Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it. Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity. Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects. Page 3 2

5 P.FM.E.1 Position- A position of an object can be described by locating the object relative to other objects or a background. * P.FM Describe the position of an object (for example: above, below, in front of, behind, on) in relation to other objects around it. * P.FM Describe the direction of a moving object (for example: away from or closer to) from different observers views. * P.FM.E.2 Gravity- Earth pulls down on all objects with a force called gravity. With very few exceptions, objects fall to the ground no matter where the object is on the Earth. P.FM Observe how objects fall toward the earth. P.FM.E.3 Force- A force is either a push or a pull. The motion of objects can be changed by forces. The size of the change is related to the size of the force. The change is also related to the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is being exerted. When an object does not move in response to a force, it is because another force is being applied by the environment. P.FM Demonstrate pushes and pulls on objects that can move. * P.FM Observe that objects initially at rest will move in the direction of the push or pull. P.FM Observe how pushes and pulls can change the speed or direction of moving objects. P.FM Observe how shape (for example: cone, cylinder, sphere) and mass of an object can affect motion. * * Revised expectations marked by an asterisk. Page 4 3

6 Materials List Student toys with wheels from home = homework after Lesson 1 Area around your school with a sloped, hard floor Classroom materials to test gravity Geometric shapes (sphere, cube, triangular prism, cone, cylinder, variety of rectangular prisms) Chart paper and marker Wooden cars with string Student journals Weights Tape or glue Pushes and Pulls Timeline Lesson Number Description Est. Days for Activities 1 Ways That Things Move 1 2 Pushes and Pulls 1 3 Position and Gravity 1 4 Speeding Up, Adding Weight 1 5 Shapes in Motion 1 6 Sorting Motion Words 1 7 What Would Happen If 1 Total Number of Days 7 Page 5 4

7 Overview of Lessons Lesson 1: Ways That Things Move Students brainstorm words for how things move Homework: students bring 1 toy with wheels to school for scientific experiments for the next 2 lessons Lesson 2: Pushes and Pulls Experiment with pushes and pulls on their wheeled toy Game: students, in pairs, push or pull their toy; partner needs to identify whether it was a push or pull Lesson 3: Position and Gravity Simon Says position game with your toy Introduce gravity concept and test it out on a slope with their toy (no pushes or pulls involved) last time they will need their toy with wheels Lesson 4: Speeding Up, Adding Weight Wooden cars adding a push or pull when moving Adding weights to wooden cars Lesson 5: Shapes in Motion Geometric shapes sorted by ability to roll Sit in group circle and test shapes to roll across floor Draw which shape rolled best in student journals Lesson 6: Sorting Motion Words Cut apart movement words from lesson 1 to sort into categories: direction, speed, position Lesson 7: What Would Happen If Game Drop, push, pull, etc. and students have to guess what will happen before you do the action you described Encourage scientific language when describing what will happen Page 6 5

8 Lesson 1: Ways that Things Move Materials List Chart paper and marker Lesson Overview: 1. Ask your students, What are some words for how things move? Students may think of fast, slow, rolling, falling, sliding, bouncing, etc. Write these words on a Ways That Things Move chart on chart paper. 2. Tell students their homework is to bring a toy that moves with wheels to school tomorrow. Note: Vocabulary listed with each lesson is highly recommended to use throughout the lessons. Vocabulary words are taken from the GLCE Companion Document. Suggested Vocabulary: None yet, take student suggestions only during this lesson. Page 7 6

9 Lesson 2: Pushes and Pulls Materials List: Student toy from home (extras from your collection or another classroom in your building) Lesson Overview: 1. Pushes and Pulls Students bring in toys that have wheels to work on their pushes and pulls, not throwing! Hands have to stay on the item so it does not fly away from them. You may have to split this activity into 2 days. 2. Experimentation Students will first play with their wheeled toy on a level area of floor in the classroom. Ask them to find a personal space to explore where they cannot reach any of their friends. Allow them this time so they can then follow directions of what to do with their toy next. 3. Tell students, Push the toy away from you. Then tell them, Pull your toy towards you. Ask students, What made your toy move? It is their hand giving it a push or a pull, but the hand has to do this kind of action to make it move. You can do this like Simon Says to make it into a game and give students practice. Students need to know they are practicing pushes and pulls, both towards them and away from them. Use these terms to introduce directionality as well. Practice pushing to the right or pulling to the left. 4. Have students work in pairs and either push or pull their toy. The other student has to identify whether they are doing a push or a pull. Suggested Vocabulary: Push Pull Towards Away from Right Left Page 8 7

10 Lesson 3: Position Lesson and 3: Gravity Position and Gravity Materials List: Materials Student List: toy from home Classroom Student toy materials from home for testing gravity Classroom materials for testing gravity Lesson Overview: Lesson 1. Position Overview: Test students knowledge of position words with their toy. 1. This Position can also Test be students done as a knowledge game like Simon of position Says. words Ask students with their to toy. return This can to also their be personal done as space a game on like the Simon floor Says. like last Ask time. students Ask them to to place return their to their toy personal space on the floor like last time. Ask them to place their i. toy in front of you, ii. i. behind front you, of you, iii. ii. above behind you, you, iii. iv. above below you, iv. below on you, you, vi. v. on under you, you, vii. vi. under away from you, you, viii. vii. close away from to you, you, viii. ix. close between to you, your hands, ix. on between top of your hands, feet. xi. x. Note: on top Students of your feet. who are not familiar with any of these xi. terms Note: Students will either who be assisted are not familiar by the teacher with any or of learn these quickly terms will by either observing be assisted their friends. by the teacher or learn 2. Gravity Return quickly to by whole observing group. their Pick up friends. various classroom materials 2. (pencil, Gravity book, Return eraser, to whole etc.). group. Ask students Pick up various what will classroom happen to materials the material (pencil, book, if you eraser, let go etc.). of it while Ask students holding it what in the will air. happen This is to because the of material gravity, if which you let causes go of it things while to holding fall to it the in the earth. air. Do This multiple is because of experiments, gravity, which explaining causes that things scientists to fall to try the something earth. Do multiple multiple times experiments, to make sure it s explaining true. that scientists try something multiple times 3. to Gravity make Field sure it s Trip true. You will then take a walking field trip to an area 3. Gravity around your Field school Trip that You has will a then paved take slope a walking (or use field wooden trip blocks to an to area around create ramps). your school Student that has releases a paved object slope from (or use top wooden of the slope blocks and to create observes ramps). gravity Student at work. releases object from top of the slope and 4. observes Discussion gravity Return at work. to the classroom to ask students why the toys will 4. Discussion still roll downhill Return even to though the classroom they didn t to ask have students to push why or pull. the toys will still Students roll downhill should remember even though their they new didn t science have term, to push gravity. or pull. Vocabulary: Students should remember their new science term, gravity. Front Below Away Top Behind On Close Gravity Page 9 Above Under Between Page 9 8

11 Lesson 4: Speeding Lesson Up, Adding 4: Weight Speeding Up, Adding Weight Materials List: Materials Wooden List: cars with string attached, one for each group Weights Wooden cars to add with to string car, 3 attached, per group one for each group Weights to add to car, 3 per group Lesson Overview: Lesson Overview: 1. Wooden cars Remind students that little wooden cars are science 1. tools Wooden and cars not toys. Remind Let students experiment that little wooden with pushes cars are and science pulls in small tools and groups not first. toys. While Let students they re experiment working, ask with students, pushes What and pulls if your in friend small groups is pulling first. the While car by they re string working, and you ask give students, it an extra What push? if your What friend happens? is pulling the Test car this by out. the string and you give it an extra push? 2. Discussion What happens? on change Test this in speed out. Call students back to whole group. 2. Ask Discussion students on what change happened in speed when Call they students added a back push to or whole a pull? group. What happened Ask students to the what speed happened of the when car? they Students added should a push notice or a pull? that What with an happened extra push, to the objects speed can of the travel car? faster. Students should notice that with 3. Adding an extra Weight push, objects Ask students, can travel What faster. will happen if I add this weight 3. to Adding my car? Weight How will Ask it students, feel? Will What it be easier will happen or harder? if I add Give this weight students to my car? time How to will hypothesize it feel? Will before it be testing easier it or out harder? with the Give weights. Give students students time all to 3 hypothesize weights and before ask them testing to be it scientists out with the everyone weights. try Give pushing students and all pulling 3 weights the cart and ask with them no weights, to be scientists then 1 weight, everyone then 2 weights, try pushing finally and 3 pulling weights. the cart Tell students with no weights, they will then come 1 weight, back to then 2 discuss weights, their finally scientific 3 weights. findings Tell students as a whole they group will when come they re back to done experimenting. discuss their scientific findings as a whole group when they re done 4. Discussion experimenting. on adding weight What happened when you added more 4. weight? Discussion What on adding felt harder weight to pull? What Why? happened when you added more 5. Optional weight? What Discussion felt harder Discuss to pull? other Why? objects: What kinds of objects 5. need Optional a push? Discussion What objects Discuss need other a pull? objects: Let students What kinds tell of you objects a variety need a push? of every-day What objects need that a they pull? either Let students push or pull. tell you Does a it matter variety how of every-day much something objects weighs that they for either how easy push it or is to pull. push Does or pull? it matter how much something weighs for how easy it is to push or pull? Vocabulary: Speed Heavier Fast, Faster Lighter Slow, Slower Harder Weight Easier Page 10 Page 10 9

12 Lesson 5: Shapes in Motion Materials List: Geometric shapes Lesson Overview: 1. Predicting how shapes will roll Geometric shapes will be used to test how pushes and pulls work on various shapes. Sit in whole group with your class in a circle. Tell students to think about which shapes they think will be easiest to roll across the circle. Once students have had time to think, ask individuals to sort the shapes into rolls well or doesn t roll well piles, one student at a time coming up to choose an object and put it in one of the piles. Encourage students that many scientists do not agree before testing something, but they don t argue about it they do scientific testing to find out what is true. 2. Rolling shapes Roll each object across the circle to a student, one at a time. Discuss if they were right does it roll well or is it tricky to roll? Some shapes, like cubes, don t roll well because you have to push so much harder, or use more force, to get them to move. Stress that you re trying to make them all equal by pushing the same amount each time. Note: Make sure to discuss why some objects rolled faster or more easily than others. What is it about their shape that made it easier to roll? Vocabulary: Push Speed Shape Size Faster Slower Smooth Edges Points Page 11 10

13 Lesson 6: Sorting Motion Words Materials List Chart paper words from lesson 1, cut apart New chart paper and marker Tape or glue Lesson Overview: 1. Prep: Take chart paper words for how objects move (lesson 1) and cut them apart. 2. Have students help you sort the words into 3 categories: direction, speed, and position. Write these categories on the chart paper and tape words onto the category they belong in. Students may have new words they want to add after all the experimenting they have done. Let students decide which category these new words belong in and just write them on the chart. Below are some examples students may come up with: 1. Direction: right, left 2. Speed: fast, slow 3. Position: away, close, on, under, in front of, behind Page 12 11

14 Lesson 7: What Would Happen If Game Materials List Various objects chosen from around the room Lesson Overview: 1. Take an object from the room and either hold it in the air to drop, or put your hand on it as if to push it on the floor, or put your hand on it as if to pull it towards you, etc. Act as if you will do the action (but don t do it yet!) and describe what you will do by asking students, What will happen if I. 2. Call on individuals to tell you what will happen, using their new scientific words on pushes and pulls. Then have students come up and take a turn, using their scientific words. They may call on students to guess what will happen. Students can play this in small groups as well. Make sure they refer to your poster from lesson 6 for scientific words. 3. Example: Jerry puts his hand on the edge of the book and says, What will happen if I push the book away from me? It may help students if you model this quite a bit so they understand the formula. Page 13 12

15

16

Science Grade 1 Forces and Motion

Science Grade 1 Forces and Motion Science Grade 1 Forces and Motion Description: The students in this unit will use their inquiry skills to explore pushing, pulling, and gravity. They will also explore the different variables which affect

More information

I. ABSTRACT II. III. IV.

I. ABSTRACT II. III. IV. Teaching About Magnets in Kindergarten Grade Level or Special Area: Kindergarten Written by: Lori Dawn Montanez, Swallows Charter Academy, Pueblo West, CO Length of Unit: Five lessons (approximately two

More information

Force and Motion Grade 2

Force and Motion Grade 2 Suggested Time Frame: 2-3 days Materials: Tennis balls, 10 Golf balls, 10 Marbles, 10 Ping pong balls, 10 Measuring tapes, 10 Rulers, 10 Stopwatch Masking tape Towel Sandpaper Wax paper Paper cups Matching

More information

Grade 1 Geometric Shapes Conceptual Lessons Unit Outline Type of Knowledge & SBAC Claim Prerequisite Knowledge:

Grade 1 Geometric Shapes Conceptual Lessons Unit Outline Type of Knowledge & SBAC Claim Prerequisite Knowledge: Grade 1 Geometric Shapes Conceptual Lessons Unit Outline Type of Knowledge & SBAC Claim Prerequisite Knowledge: Standards: Lesson Title and Objective/Description Shape names: square, rectangle, triangle,

More information

Potential and Kinetic Energy: UBD Lesson Plan

Potential and Kinetic Energy: UBD Lesson Plan Emily Hitchings & Meghan Mahoney Potential and Kinetic Energy: UBD Lesson Plan I. Standards and Objectives a. PA State Standards i. 3.1.4B: Know models as useful simplifications of objects or processes

More information

What is Energy? 1 45 minutes Energy and You: Energy Picnic Science, Physical Education Engage

What is Energy? 1 45 minutes Energy and You: Energy Picnic Science, Physical Education Engage Unit Grades K-3 Awareness Teacher Overview What is energy? Energy makes change; it does things for us. It moves cars along the road and boats over the water. It bakes a cake in the oven and keeps ice frozen

More information

3rd/4th Grade Science Unit: Forces and Motion. Melissa Gucker TE 804 Spring 2007

3rd/4th Grade Science Unit: Forces and Motion. Melissa Gucker TE 804 Spring 2007 3rd/4th Grade Science Unit: Forces and Motion Melissa Gucker TE 804 Spring 2007 Part I: Learning Goals Documentation Unit Title: Forces and Motion Grade Level: 3 rd Designer: Melissa Gucker The Main Idea(s)/Importance

More information

Getting to Know Newton

Getting to Know Newton Introduction Overview This first program introduces students to the idea of motion, and the forces that start the movement of an object. Students are introduced to Isaac Newton who is best known for the

More information

Title. Student Target. Materials. Warm-Up. Kindergarten Three-dimensional shapes

Title. Student Target. Materials. Warm-Up. Kindergarten Three-dimensional shapes Title Kindergarten Three-dimensional shapes Student Target Timeline: Kindergarten Big Idea 2: Describe shapes and space Body of Knowledge: Geometry Math Benchmarks: MA.K.G.2.3: Identify, name, describe,

More information

Rubber Band Race Car

Rubber Band Race Car Rubber Band Race Car Physical Science Unit Using LEGO Mindstorms NXT Copyright 2009 by Technically Learning 1 of 17 Overview: Through a series of hands-on activities, students will design a rubber band

More information

Area and Perimeter: The Mysterious Connection TEACHER EDITION

Area and Perimeter: The Mysterious Connection TEACHER EDITION Area and Perimeter: The Mysterious Connection TEACHER EDITION (TC-0) In these problems you will be working on understanding the relationship between area and perimeter. Pay special attention to any patterns

More information

Paper Airplanes. Linsey Fordyce. Fall 2014. TEFB 413 Section # 504

Paper Airplanes. Linsey Fordyce. Fall 2014. TEFB 413 Section # 504 Model- Based Inquiry Learning Lesson Plan Paper Airplanes Linsey Fordyce Fall 2014 TEFB 413 Section # 504 1. BACKGROUND INFORMATION OF LESSON LESSON OBJECTIVES Students will investigate through model-

More information

You ll have leverage as you guide

You ll have leverage as you guide Teacher s Guide Simple Machines Dear Educator, You ll have leverage as you guide students in the exploration of simple machines. In KIDS DISCOVER Simple Machines, your young scientists will learn about

More information

Assessment Management

Assessment Management Weight Objectives To review grams and ounces as units of mass and weight; and to guide the estimation and measurement of weight in grams and ounces. www.everydaymathonline.com epresentations etoolkit Algorithms

More information

Activity: Building a Catapult

Activity: Building a Catapult Mechanical Engineering Activity: Building a Catapult In this activity, youth learn how to design and build a catapult that uses a pivot arm (lever) and a fulcrum to launch a Ping-Pong ball across the room.

More information

Looking for Lincoln Throughout His Life

Looking for Lincoln Throughout His Life GRADE LEVEL: 1-3 Looking for Lincoln Throughout His Life TIME ALLOTMENT: Two 45-minute class periods OVERVIEW: In this interdisciplinary lesson, students will gather different facts about Lincoln through

More information

ACTIVITY 6: Falling Objects

ACTIVITY 6: Falling Objects UNIT FM Developing Ideas ACTIVITY 6: Falling Objects Purpose and Key Question You developed your ideas about how the motion of an object is related to the forces acting on it using objects that move horizontally.

More information

Simple machines provide a mechanical advantage that makes our work faster and easier, and they are all around us every day.

Simple machines provide a mechanical advantage that makes our work faster and easier, and they are all around us every day. LEARNING MODULE: SIMPLE MACHINES Pre-Visit Activities We suggest that you use these pre-visit classroom acitivites to prepare your students for a rewarding Museum visit. Before your visit, introduce your

More information

Games and Team Building Activities

Games and Team Building Activities Games and Team Building Activities Getting to Know you Better/ Exploring Interests Affirmation circle: All those in the group form a circle. A leader will throw out get-to-know-you questions, and everyone

More information

Learn How to Revise 1

Learn How to Revise 1 Learn How to Revise 1 SCHOOL EXAM DATES 2016 END OF YEAR EXAMS FOR YEARS 7-9 BEGIN ON MONDAY 6 TH JUNE THEY WILL TAKE PLACE IN LESSONS DURING THIS WEEK AND IF NECESSARY THE WEEK AFTER. Some subjects are

More information

Bottle Rockets. Vanderbilt Student Volunteers for Science. Fall 2008

Bottle Rockets. Vanderbilt Student Volunteers for Science. Fall 2008 Bottle Rockets Vanderbilt Student Volunteers for Science Fall 2008 I. Introduction: History of Rockets Explain to the students that rockets are more than two thousand years old. Give the students a BRIEF

More information

Force and Motion: Ramp It Up

Force and Motion: Ramp It Up Force and Motion: Grade Level: 4-5 Time: 3 class periods By: Carrie D. Perry (Bedford County Public Schools) Overview After watching an engaging video on Olympic alpine skiers, students then participate

More information

Property of the Salvadori Center ~ not for reproduction

Property of the Salvadori Center ~ not for reproduction Outline Salvadori After-School: Skyscrapers In this 12-week module, students identify the characteristics that make skyscrapers unique. They learn how columns and beams work together to support tall structures;

More information

Chapter 7: Momentum and Impulse

Chapter 7: Momentum and Impulse Chapter 7: Momentum and Impulse 1. When a baseball bat hits the ball, the impulse delivered to the ball is increased by A. follow through on the swing. B. rapidly stopping the bat after impact. C. letting

More information

ESSC 311 Lesson Plan. Force and Motion. Sarah Canfield Evan Gora March 13, 2012

ESSC 311 Lesson Plan. Force and Motion. Sarah Canfield Evan Gora March 13, 2012 ESSC 311 Lesson Plan Force and Motion Sarah Canfield Evan Gora March 13, 2012 Force & Motion: Balanced and Unbalanced Forces Lesson Presenters: Sarah Canfield & Evan Gora Description of the GLCE: P.FM.05.31

More information

N Q.3 Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities.

N Q.3 Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. Performance Assessment Task Swimming Pool Grade 9 The task challenges a student to demonstrate understanding of the concept of quantities. A student must understand the attributes of trapezoids, how to

More information

The Bounciest Ball Experiment

The Bounciest Ball Experiment Overview: In this lesson, students conduct a series of experiments with different balls to observe which bounce the highest and to see how they could make balls bounce higher. Grades: Preschool and K-2

More information

LAB 6: GRAVITATIONAL AND PASSIVE FORCES

LAB 6: GRAVITATIONAL AND PASSIVE FORCES 55 Name Date Partners LAB 6: GRAVITATIONAL AND PASSIVE FORCES And thus Nature will be very conformable to herself and very simple, performing all the great Motions of the heavenly Bodies by the attraction

More information

LAB 6 - GRAVITATIONAL AND PASSIVE FORCES

LAB 6 - GRAVITATIONAL AND PASSIVE FORCES L06-1 Name Date Partners LAB 6 - GRAVITATIONAL AND PASSIVE FORCES OBJECTIVES And thus Nature will be very conformable to herself and very simple, performing all the great Motions of the heavenly Bodies

More information

How Do You Manage Money? Lesson 3a: How Do People Make Good Spending Decisions?

How Do You Manage Money? Lesson 3a: How Do People Make Good Spending Decisions? How Do You Manage Money? Lesson 3a: How Do People Make Good Spending Decisions? Adopted from lesson plans created by Jennifer Raeder for the San Francisco Unified School District s Kindergarten to College

More information

CHILD S NAME INSERT CHILD S PHOTO HERE

CHILD S NAME INSERT CHILD S PHOTO HERE RECORD OF F DEVELOPMENT T A AND N PROGRESS AT KINDERGARTEN RT LEVEL CHILD S NAME INSERT CHILD S PHOTO HERE GUIDELINES for Kindergarten Assistants: Every Kindergarten Assistant (KGA) must know if each child

More information

Module 2: Conflict Management

Module 2: Conflict Management Module 2: Conflict Management Conflict management, like effective communication skills, is another important element of social competency. This module promotes the use of several forms of conflict management

More information

PUSD High Frequency Word List

PUSD High Frequency Word List PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.

More information

Explore 2: Gathering Momentum

Explore 2: Gathering Momentum Explore : Gathering Momentum Type of Lesson: Learning Goal & Instructional Objectives: Content with Process: Focus on constructing knowledge through active learning. In this investigation, students calculate

More information

Newton s Laws of Motion

Newton s Laws of Motion Newton s Laws of Motion The Earth revolves around the sun in an elliptical orbit. The moon orbits the Earth in the same way. But what keeps the Earth and the moon in orbit? Why don t they just fly off

More information

SPEED, VELOCITY, AND ACCELERATION

SPEED, VELOCITY, AND ACCELERATION reflect Look at the picture of people running across a field. What words come to mind? Maybe you think about the word speed to describe how fast the people are running. You might think of the word acceleration

More information

Pre and Post-Visit Activities

Pre and Post-Visit Activities Pre and Post-Visit Activities Simple Machines Table of Contents: Important Information: 2 Vocabulary: 3 Pre-Visit Activities: 4 Post-Visit Activities: 5 Vocabulary Word Search: 6 2 Important Information

More information

Interaction at a Distance

Interaction at a Distance Interaction at a Distance Lesson Overview: Students come in contact with and use magnets every day. They often don t consider that there are different types of magnets and that they are made for different

More information

Step 1: Come Together

Step 1: Come Together THE STORY FOR LITTLE ONES: Preschool LESSON GUIDE: Lesson 2 5 ABRAHAM FOLLOWS GOD Bible Basis: Genesis 12:1 9, 17; 21:1 7 Bible Verse: Abram believed the Lord. The Lord accepted Abram because he believed.

More information

Balanced & Unbalanced Forces

Balanced & Unbalanced Forces 3 rd Grade Force in Motion An object's motion changes because of force. Pushing and Pulling are Kinds of Forces Motion is movement that changes an object's position. Pushing or pulling forces can be used

More information

Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems

Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems Equivalent Fractions and Comparing Fractions: Are You My Equal? Brief Overview: This four day lesson plan will explore the mathematical concept of identifying equivalent fractions and using this knowledge

More information

MAPS AND GLOBES: WHERE IN THE WORLD ARE WE?

MAPS AND GLOBES: WHERE IN THE WORLD ARE WE? MAPS AND GLOBES: WHERE IN THE WORLD ARE WE? Grade Level: Kindergarten Presented by: Karen Davis and Tamara Young, Tate Elementary, Van Buren, AR Length of unit:5 lessons I. ABSTRACT A. This unit focuses

More information

Design Considerations for Water-Bottle Rockets. The next few pages are provided to help in the design of your water-bottle rocket.

Design Considerations for Water-Bottle Rockets. The next few pages are provided to help in the design of your water-bottle rocket. Acceleration= Force OVER Mass Design Considerations for Water-Bottle Rockets The next few pages are provided to help in the design of your water-bottle rocket. Newton s First Law: Objects at rest will

More information

Homework Activities for Kindergarten

Homework Activities for Kindergarten Homework Activities for Kindergarten Listed below are several learning activities for your child to complete at home to reinforce skills being taught in school. The sight words are on the last page. Reading

More information

Dear Grade 4 Families,

Dear Grade 4 Families, Dear Grade 4 Families, During the next few weeks, our class will be exploring geometry. Through daily activities, we will explore the relationship between flat, two-dimensional figures and solid, three-dimensional

More information

family games Taking the kids swimming is a great way of making sure they re moving around and having fun. And to help you get them into

family games Taking the kids swimming is a great way of making sure they re moving around and having fun. And to help you get them into swim family games Taking the kids swimming is a great way of making sure they re moving around and having fun. And to help you get them into the pool, we ve come up with loads of great swimming games to

More information

Lesson 1.1 P.WRITE, Gr. 2 & 3, 08-09. PWRITE: POW + TREE: LESSON # 1 Part 1

Lesson 1.1 P.WRITE, Gr. 2 & 3, 08-09. PWRITE: POW + TREE: LESSON # 1 Part 1 PWRITE: POW + TREE: LESSON # 1 Part 1 Purpose: Develop Background Knowledge, Discuss It Objectives: Introduction to POW, writing to persuade, and TREE; identification of TREE parts in essay example Materials:

More information

Lesson 5: School Bus Safety

Lesson 5: School Bus Safety Time: approximately 40 minutes Lesson 5: School Bus Safety LESSON PLAN: Lesson 5 This curriculum does not cover every possible scenario that a child may encounter as a pedestrian, but instead addresses

More information

Chapter 3 Student Reading

Chapter 3 Student Reading Chapter 3 Student Reading If you hold a solid piece of lead or iron in your hand, it feels heavy for its size. If you hold the same size piece of balsa wood or plastic, it feels light for its size. The

More information

Nick s Plan. My case study child is a young boy in the third grade. I will call him Nick. Nick is a

Nick s Plan. My case study child is a young boy in the third grade. I will call him Nick. Nick is a Jamie Oliver Nick s Plan My case study child is a young boy in the third grade. I will call him Nick. Nick is a student who has cerebral palsy. He remains in a wheelchair all day long while in school.

More information

Unit 2 Force and Motion

Unit 2 Force and Motion Force and Motion Unit 2 Force and Motion Learning Goal (TEKS): Identify and describe the changes in position, direction, and speed of an object when acted upon by unbalanced forces. This means: We are

More information

Excellent Teachers Have Excellent Resources. Literacy Resource Reading. Terms & Conditions Copyright

Excellent Teachers Have Excellent Resources. Literacy Resource Reading. Terms & Conditions Copyright Jack and Jill Literacy Resource Reading Terms & Conditions Copyright Except where otherwise stated, all intellectual property rights, including copyright, in this document and all material on the From

More information

Making tessellations combines the creativity of an art project with the challenge of solving a puzzle.

Making tessellations combines the creativity of an art project with the challenge of solving a puzzle. Activities Grades 3 5 www.exploratorium.edu/geometryplayground/activities EXPLORING TESSELLATIONS Background: What is a tessellation? A tessellation is any pattern made of repeating shapes that covers

More information

The University of Texas at Austin. Gravity and Orbits

The University of Texas at Austin. Gravity and Orbits UTeach Outreach The University of Texas at Austin Gravity and Orbits Time of Lesson: 60-75 minutes Content Standards Addressed in Lesson: TEKS6.11B understand that gravity is the force that governs the

More information

Warning! Construction Zone: Building Solids from Nets

Warning! Construction Zone: Building Solids from Nets Brief Overview: Warning! Construction Zone: Building Solids from Nets In this unit the students will be examining and defining attributes of solids and their nets. The students will be expected to have

More information

Note: The teacher will need to construct one sample automobile using the parts above to show to the students.

Note: The teacher will need to construct one sample automobile using the parts above to show to the students. Preview of Main Idea The development of the assembly line was critical to the success of Henry Ford s Model T vehicle and to the development of Detroit as the Motor City. The efficiencies of the assembly

More information

Perimeter, Area and Volume What Do Units Tell You About What Is Being Measured? Overview

Perimeter, Area and Volume What Do Units Tell You About What Is Being Measured? Overview Perimeter, Area and Volume What Do Units Tell You About What Is Being Measured? Overview Summary of Lessons: This set of lessons was designed to develop conceptual understanding of the unique attributes

More information

YMCA Basketball Games and Skill Drills for 3 5 Year Olds

YMCA Basketball Games and Skill Drills for 3 5 Year Olds YMCA Basketball Games and s for 3 5 Year Olds Tips ( s) Variations Page 2 Dribbling Game 10 Players will learn that they must be able to dribble to attack the basket (target) to score in basketball. The

More information

Roanoke Pinball Museum Key Concepts

Roanoke Pinball Museum Key Concepts Roanoke Pinball Museum Key Concepts What are Pinball Machines Made of? SOL 3.3 Many different materials are used to make a pinball machine: 1. Steel: The pinball is made of steel, so it has a lot of mass.

More information

SHAPES, SHAPES EVERYWHERE!

SHAPES, SHAPES EVERYWHERE! SHAPES, SHAPES EVERYWHERE! A Second-Grade Geometry Unit Aligned with Mathematics Standards from Content Knowledge: A Compendium of Standards and Benchmarks for K 12 Education, 3rd Edition Regional Educational

More information

1. The Kinetic Theory of Matter states that all matter is composed of atoms and molecules that are in a constant state of constant random motion

1. The Kinetic Theory of Matter states that all matter is composed of atoms and molecules that are in a constant state of constant random motion Physical Science Period: Name: ANSWER KEY Date: Practice Test for Unit 3: Ch. 3, and some of 15 and 16: Kinetic Theory of Matter, States of matter, and and thermodynamics, and gas laws. 1. The Kinetic

More information

2 Newton s First Law of Motion Inertia

2 Newton s First Law of Motion Inertia 2 Newton s First Law of Motion Inertia Conceptual Physics Instructor Manual, 11 th Edition SOLUTIONS TO CHAPTER 2 RANKING 1. C, B, A 2. C, A, B, D 3. a. B, A, C, D b. B, A, C, D 4. a. A=B=C (no force)

More information

MD5-26 Stacking Blocks Pages 115 116

MD5-26 Stacking Blocks Pages 115 116 MD5-26 Stacking Blocks Pages 115 116 STANDARDS 5.MD.C.4 Goals Students will find the number of cubes in a rectangular stack and develop the formula length width height for the number of cubes in a stack.

More information

Uses of Energy. reflect. look out!

Uses of Energy. reflect. look out! reflect Take a moment to think about three common objects: a flashlight, a computer, and a toaster. A flashlight provides light. A computer stores information and displays it on a screen. A toaster cooks

More information

AwanaGames Circle. Official. Diagram 1. Key to diagram: Pin & Striped Bean Bag C Diagonal or Starting Line. B Scoring Pins, or Center.

AwanaGames Circle. Official. Diagram 1. Key to diagram: Pin & Striped Bean Bag C Diagonal or Starting Line. B Scoring Pins, or Center. Official AwanaGames Circle Diagram 1 The AwanaGames Circle is 30 feet in diameter surrounded by a 37-40 foot square. Each team is designated by a color and occupies a quarter-circle or one side of that

More information

Unit 1: Exploring Numbers (1) I Can Statements. I can start at any number and count up to 10, using pictures to help me.

Unit 1: Exploring Numbers (1) I Can Statements. I can start at any number and count up to 10, using pictures to help me. Unit 1: Exploring Numbers (1) I can tell the number that comes after a number from 0 to 9. I can tell the number that comes before a number 1 to 10. I can start at any number and count up to 10, using

More information

OA3-10 Patterns in Addition Tables

OA3-10 Patterns in Addition Tables OA3-10 Patterns in Addition Tables Pages 60 63 Standards: 3.OA.D.9 Goals: Students will identify and describe various patterns in addition tables. Prior Knowledge Required: Can add two numbers within 20

More information

The Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments The Ten Commandments Teacher Pep Talk: God had miraculously led His people (the Israelites) out of Egypt and safely through the Red Sea. Now at long last the Israelites had arrived at the mountain of God.

More information

Building a Bridge to Academic Vocabulary in Mathematics

Building a Bridge to Academic Vocabulary in Mathematics Building a Bridge to Academic Vocabulary in Mathematics AISD Elementary Mathematics Department How Students Develop a Repertoire of Academic English in Mathematics Developed and researched by the AISD

More information

Third Grade Shapes Up! Grade Level: Third Grade Written by: Jill Pisman, St. Mary s School East Moline, Illinois Length of Unit: Eight Lessons

Third Grade Shapes Up! Grade Level: Third Grade Written by: Jill Pisman, St. Mary s School East Moline, Illinois Length of Unit: Eight Lessons Third Grade Shapes Up! Grade Level: Third Grade Written by: Jill Pisman, St. Mary s School East Moline, Illinois Length of Unit: Eight Lessons I. ABSTRACT This unit contains lessons that focus on geometric

More information

Chapter 1 Student Reading

Chapter 1 Student Reading Chapter 1 Student Reading Chemistry is the study of matter You could say that chemistry is the science that studies all the stuff in the entire world. A more scientific term for stuff is matter. So chemistry

More information

Money Unit $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ First Grade

Money Unit $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ First Grade Number Sense: By: Jenny Hazeman & Heather Copiskey Money Unit $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ First Grade Lesson 1: Introduction to Coins (pennies, nickels, dimes) The Coin Counting Book by Roxanne Williams A

More information

Unit 4 Measures time, mass and area

Unit 4 Measures time, mass and area Unit 4 Measures time, mass and area Five daily lessons Year 4 Spring term (Key objectives in bold) Unit Objectives Year 4 Estimate/check times using seconds, minutes, hours. Page 98 Know and use the relationships

More information

Chapter 4: Newton s Laws: Explaining Motion

Chapter 4: Newton s Laws: Explaining Motion Chapter 4: Newton s Laws: Explaining Motion 1. All except one of the following require the application of a net force. Which one is the exception? A. to change an object from a state of rest to a state

More information

Jesus Chooses His Disciples

Jesus Chooses His Disciples Jesus Chooses His Disciples Teacher Pep Talk: This is a great lesson about how Jesus began His ministry and chose His disciples. You will get to teach about the first disciples and how He told them He

More information

Junior Cookie CEO Badge Activity Plan 1

Junior Cookie CEO Badge Activity Plan 1 Junior Cookie CEO Badge Activity Plan 1 Badge Purpose: When girls have earned this badge, they ll know more about how to run all parts of their cookie business. Program Essentials Link: Financial Literacy

More information

OA4-13 Rounding on a Number Line Pages 80 81

OA4-13 Rounding on a Number Line Pages 80 81 OA4-13 Rounding on a Number Line Pages 80 81 STANDARDS 3.NBT.A.1, 4.NBT.A.3 Goals Students will round to the closest ten, except when the number is exactly halfway between a multiple of ten. PRIOR KNOWLEDGE

More information

Helping your child with Reading

Helping your child with Reading Helping your child with Reading Some ways that you can support. Getting Started Sharing books - We teach phonics to help our children learn to read and write and in order to do this successfully they need

More information

Lesson Plan. Skills: Describe, model Knowledge: position, size, motion, earth, moon, sun, day, night, solar eclipse, lunar eclipse, phases, moon

Lesson Plan. Skills: Describe, model Knowledge: position, size, motion, earth, moon, sun, day, night, solar eclipse, lunar eclipse, phases, moon Gallmeyer 1 Lesson Plan Lesson: Rotation of the Earth Length: 45 minutes Age or Grade Level Intended: 4 th Academic Standard(s): Science: Earth and Space: 6.2.1 Describe and model how the position, size

More information

Scientific Experiments Using the Inquiry Activity Pendulums

Scientific Experiments Using the Inquiry Activity Pendulums Scientific Experiments Using the Inquiry Activity Pendulums Prep Time: 30 minutes Class Time: 1 class period Word Wall Words: experiment, independent variable, controlled variable, dependent variables,

More information

Project Teamwork. Theme: Cooperative games encourage students to work together as a team while having fun in a positive environment.

Project Teamwork. Theme: Cooperative games encourage students to work together as a team while having fun in a positive environment. Project Teamwork August 2007 Theme: Cooperative games encourage students to work together as a team while having fun in a positive environment. Concepts: 1. Any collection of people has the potential to

More information

Previous Letterland at Tweetsie Railroad Motivation and reward Letterland at Tweetsie Curriculum Guides

Previous Letterland at Tweetsie Railroad Motivation and reward Letterland at Tweetsie Curriculum Guides Previous Letterland at Tweetsie Railroad Each May since 2007, children from all over North Carolina (and Texas and Georgia) have come to Letterland at Tweetsie Railroad, where we have transformed our theme

More information

Lesson 2 - Force, Friction

Lesson 2 - Force, Friction Lesson 2 - Force, Friction Background Students learn about two types of friction static and kinetic and the equation that governs them. They also measure the coefficient of static friction and the coefficient

More information

Promise activities Brownies

Promise activities Brownies Promise activities Brownies Promise tree Duration: 15 minutes What you need: a large outline drawing of a tree with lots of branches, paper, felt-tip pens or colouring pencils, glue or sticky tape 1. Ask

More information

The Dance Lesson. A good dance lesson should contain some or all of the following:-

The Dance Lesson. A good dance lesson should contain some or all of the following:- The Dance Lesson The Primary School Curriculum says:- Dance in education involves the child in creating, performing and appreciating movement as a means of expression and communication. Dance differs from

More information

Discovering Math: Prediction and Probability Teacher s Guide

Discovering Math: Prediction and Probability Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: K 2 Curriculum Focus: Mathematics Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Discovering Math: Prediction and Probability From likelihood to frequency to prediction,

More information

Numbers Must Make Sense: A Kindergarten Math Intervention

Numbers Must Make Sense: A Kindergarten Math Intervention Numbers Must Make Sense: A Kindergarten Math Intervention Paula Kitchen Metropolitan School District of Pike Township Do you have students who do not recognize their numbers or cannot count to ten? We

More information

Cookie University for Brownies: Learning Has Never Been So Tasty

Cookie University for Brownies: Learning Has Never Been So Tasty Cookie University for Brownies: Learning Has Never Been So Tasty Dear Girl Scout Volunteers, As you may know, the Girl Scout Cookie Sale is the largest girl-led Business & Entrepreneurship program in the

More information

Lesson Effective Communication Skills

Lesson Effective Communication Skills Lesson Effective Communication Skills Lesson Overview In this lesson, participants will learn about various types of communication and how important effective communication is in the workplace. Lesson

More information

Suggested Practice Plan Rookie and Tee Ball

Suggested Practice Plan Rookie and Tee Ball Suggested Practice Plan Rookie and Tee Ball Table of Contents General Coaching Tips --------------------------------------------------------- 2 Stretching Exercises ------------------------------------------------------------

More information

Geometry Shapes and Patterns Janine Vis First Grade Math 10 days

Geometry Shapes and Patterns Janine Vis First Grade Math 10 days Geometry Shapes and Patterns Janine Vis First Grade Math 10 days Thematic Statement: Geometry skills are important for students as they learn to discern the God-given beauty of patterns and relationships

More information

Simple Machines. Figure 2: Basic design for a mousetrap vehicle

Simple Machines. Figure 2: Basic design for a mousetrap vehicle Mousetrap Vehicles Figure 1: This sample mousetrap-powered vehicle has a large drive wheel and a small axle. The vehicle will move slowly and travel a long distance for each turn of the wheel. 1 People

More information

Abraham s Call. Genesis 12:1 Leave your country and go to the land I will show you.

Abraham s Call. Genesis 12:1 Leave your country and go to the land I will show you. Abraham s Call Teacher Pep Talk: God called a man named Abraham to leave his homeland and to go to the land He would show him. God promised Abraham that He would make him into a great nation; that He would

More information

Lesson Plan for Electric Circuits

Lesson Plan for Electric Circuits Lesson Plan for Electric Circuits Last Updated: 11/6/2009 Updated by: Sci4Kids Electric Circuits Lesson 1 Lesson Summary Lesson name Audience Focus Standards (4 th grade) Fourth Grade AZ standard(s) applied

More information

Socci Sport Alternative Games

Socci Sport Alternative Games - 1 - Socci Sport Alternative Games Table of Contents 1 Roller Socci 2 2 Pass and Shoot Socci 2 3 Punt & Catch Socci 2 4 Long Pass Socci 3 5 Pass, Dribble, and Shoot Socci 3 6 Scooter Socci Basketball

More information

Subject: Math Grade Level: 5 Topic: The Metric System Time Allotment: 45 minutes Teaching Date: Day 1

Subject: Math Grade Level: 5 Topic: The Metric System Time Allotment: 45 minutes Teaching Date: Day 1 Subject: Math Grade Level: 5 Topic: The Metric System Time Allotment: 45 minutes Teaching Date: Day 1 I. (A) Goal(s): For student to gain conceptual understanding of the metric system and how to convert

More information

Wing Loading and its Effects

Wing Loading and its Effects www.performancedesigns.com I. Wing Loading Defined Wing Loading and its Effects A seminar by Performance Designs, Inc. Speaker: John LeBlanc Wing loading is a measurement of how much total weight is supported

More information

What does compassion look like?

What does compassion look like? Lesson One: What does compassion look like? Learning Objectives: Students will: Demonstrate an understanding of the concept compassion. Identify elements of compassion shown in various images. Begin to

More information

Transportation: Week 2 of 2

Transportation: Week 2 of 2 The Minnesota Literacy Council created this curriculum with funding from the MN Department of Education. We invite you to adapt it for your own classrooms. Beginning Level (CASAS reading scores of 181-200)

More information

Aristotelian Physics. Aristotle's physics agrees with most people's common sense, but modern scientists discard it. So what went wrong?

Aristotelian Physics. Aristotle's physics agrees with most people's common sense, but modern scientists discard it. So what went wrong? Aristotelian Physics Aristotle's physics agrees with most people's common sense, but modern scientists discard it. So what went wrong? Here's what Aristotle said: Aristotelian Physics Aristotle s classification

More information