Improve and protect your soil

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Improve and protect your soil"

Transcription

1 Improve and protect your soil Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops

2 Green Manure Blends SAATEN UNION are the market leaders in Europe for catch and cover crops and a leading specialist in biological control of nematodes and soil borne diseases. Since 2013 Elsoms have been working closely with SAATEN UNION to make their wealth of specialist varieties and information available to UK farmers and growers. Oil radish and black oat Viterra INTENSIV mix Soil nutrients Catch crops can improve the content and management of nutrients in the soil. Losses of existing nutrients due to leaching are reduced whilst, through incorporation and/or through the nature of the catch crop, nutrient levels can be increased and released back into the soil at a time when the next crop can use them. Soil structure The vigorous, extensive and deep rooting habits of catch crops such as oil radish can significantly improve the structure and quality of soil. Soil health Catch crops can have a very beneficial effect on soil health with respect to pests and diseases such as Take All, Beet Cyst Nematode, Tobacco Rattle Virus, Free Living Nematodes etc. They can also prevent the build-up of diseases such as club root. Water management A vigorous catch crop will provide excellent ground cover that will significantly reduce soil moisture loss due to evaporation during the summer. The water holding capacity of soil can be considerably improved as a result of an increase in humus content produced by the use of a catch crop, whilst improvements in soil structure will improve the rate at which soil drains. Reduced risk of soil erosion The presence of a catch crop with a strong root structure and good ground cover can significantly reduce the risk of soil erosion. This is of particular importance on fens and light, sandy soils. Weed control Catch crops perform an excellent role in suppressing weeds and volunteers by smothering them with their dense canopies and vigorous growth. Companion seeding between crops can reduce the requirement for herbicides. Bees and insects Catch crops can provide a much needed and plentiful source of late fodder for bees and other beneficial insects. Biomass As well as improving the yield potential of other crops, catch crops can provide a direct tangible benefi t by improving the biomass available for AD plants and silage for livestock. Greening Catch and cover crops can play a specific role in helping a grower comply with their EFA requirements. 02 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Image: Saia Oat, Phacelia, Mustard Elsoms trial grounds, 5 weeks after drilling. Telephone:

3 INTENSIV Viterra Mixes Green Manure Blends Recovery mix for intensive and potato crop rotations Black oat PRATEX Multi resistant oil radish DEFENDER DEFENDER Oil Radish Multi resistant Up to 90% BCN reduction Deep and fine root system Heterodera schachtii Meloidogyne hapla Ditylenchus dipsaci TRV Rhizoctonia Club root (Plasmodiophora April till end of August kg/ha Good soil preparation for an evenly fi eld emergence 2-4 cm Description: High performing multipurpose mixture for intensive crop rotations Constituents: Multi resistant oil radish and black oat Sowing Period: April to September typically July to early September Sowing Rate: kgs per ha depending on role of crop Concept: A powerful mixture combining the considerable soil health benefits of DEFENDER multi resistant oil radish and PRATEX black oat. The combined root systems of the oil radish and the black oat have an impressive effect on soil structure, stabilising the soil and providing considerable benefits for the following crop. A rapidly establishing crop, the combination of the two species provides excellent ground cover, suppressing weeds and providing an excellent biomass yield to improve soil organic matter content when incorporated. A seed rate of 50kgs per ha should be used if soil health is a key objective however 25kgs per ha would be effective if soil structure and ground cover is the focus Suitable for: Sugar beet, potatoes and intensive crops Greening: Does not currently comply with greening regulations check regulations in force at time of sowing PRATEX Black Oat Reduction of root lesion nematodes Very fast early development High production of organic matter TRV After cereal harvest: July till September Green manure: kg/ha nematode control kg/ha Low seed placement in reconsolidated soil 2-4 cm 04 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

4 UNIVERSAL Viterra Mixes Green Manure Blends Green manure no cruficers ideal for OSR rotation Black oat: PRATEX, phacelia: ANGELIA Ideal for OSR rotations Egyptian clover ANGELIA Phacelia Thin stems for good soil tillage Fast early development Good weed suppression Heterodera schachtii Club root (Plasmodiophora April till September kg/ha Fine crumbling, reconsolidated soil 2 cm Description: Crucifer free, green manure crop ideal for OSR rotations Constituents: Phacelia, black oat, egyptian clover Sowing Period: April to September typically July to early September Sowing Rate: 25kgs per ha Concept: A rapidly establishing vigorous crop with good drought tolerance that stabilises the soil, supresses weeds and improves soil organic matter content when incorporated. Planted in early summer it can help retain soil moisture, whilst planted in the winter its frost susceptible constituents make it an ideal mulch crop. Black oat provides excellent root development, high biomass production and can have a beneficial effect on free living nematodes and their effects on subsequent crops. Phacelia provides wonderful dense ground cover resulting in excellent weed suppression. Egyptian clover facilitates the performance of the mixture and improves soil fertility Suitable for: Late sown cereals, spring sown crops, summer cover crop Greening: May comply with greening regulations check regulations in force at time of sowing PRATEX Black Oat Reduction of root lesion nematodes Very fast early development High production of organic matter TRV After cereal harvest: July till September Green manure: kg/ha nematode control kg/ha Low seed placement in reconsolidated soil 2-4 cm 06 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

5 WICKROGGEN Viterra Mixes Winter hardy whole crop blend Winter rye: Matador Winter vetch Ideal for late sowing Description: Winter hardy whole crop silage mix Constituents: Matador winter rye and winter vetch Sowing Period: September to early November Green Manure Blends Sowing Rate: kgs per ha depending on role of crop Concept: Matador has a robust and aggressive growth habit that provides rapid establishment, extensive rooting structure and potentially high biomass yield. Winter vetch improves soil fertility and enhances the performance of Matador whilst improving the protein content of the whole crop harvest Suitable for: Maize: Ideal following maize, stabilising the soil, suppressing weeds, improving soil quality and improving soil drainage. If following with maize, incorporate into soil to improve soil organic matter content or take an early silage cut depending on circumstances Spring Cereals and Sugar Beet: As above incorporate to improve soil organic matter content Greening: May comply with greening regulations check regulations in force at time of sowing MATADOR Population Rye Recommendation Late sowing, mulch sowing Ear emergence EARLY LATE Maturity EARLY LATE Yield structure Ears/m 2 TGW Grains/ear Hagberg / Falling number Raw protein content Dry and poor soils: 15th of September until end of October, better soils: 20th of September until beginning of November Seed rate Locally adapted Plant height Medium Lodging resistance Plant growth regulator Locally adapted Disease resistance Mildew Rhynchosporium Brown rust Ergot Fungicides for intensive cultivation Trusted population variety with fast and vigorous establishment Flexible use for grain, whole plant silage and cover crop in rotations with maize Protects soils from erosion, improves the humus balance Normal disease pressure combination product in EC Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

6 CONTRA Oil Radish Impressive multi resistant variety Long vegetative growth Deep/intensive roots Description: High performing multi resistant oil radish Sowing Period: April to end of August Sowing Rate: kgs per ha depending on role of crop Concept: A powerful variety, selected for its excellent properties in countering soil borne pests and diseases combined with a late flowering habit and hence extended vegetative growth period to enhance the effectiveness of the variety. CONTRA also provides the benefi ts of classic oil radish varieties in terms of improving soil structure and stability, suppressing weeds and improving soil organic matter content Suitable for: Sugar Beet: Level one BCN control Potatoes, Carrots, Peas & Bulbs: can have a positive effect on a range of pest and diseases such as tobacco rattle virus, rhizoctonia and pythium Multi resistant Up to 90% BCN reduction Reduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi, M. hapla, M. incognita and M. javanica Heterodera schachtii Meloidogyne hapla Ditylenchus dipsaci TRV Rhizoctonia Club root (Plasmodiophora April till end of August kg/ha Good soil preparation for an evenly fi eld emergence 2-4 cm Leaching control / N-retention 10 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

7 AKIRO Oil Radish ALBATROS White Mustard Suppresses weeds and improves soil structure Very effective classic type Establishes rapidly, deep root structure Establishes and develops rapidly Excellent weed suppression Good erosion control Heterodera schachtii Meloidogyne hapla Ditylenchus dipsaci Rhizoctonia April till early September kg/ha Slight preparation of the upper soil is sufficient 2-4 cm P. H. PETERSEN Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH & Co KG Specifically selected for its rapid establishment, AKIRO is ideally suited to exploit the short gaps typically present in UK crop rotation systems. AKIRO is a highly effective green manure variety that provides a very cost effective solution to retaining and improving soil quality and fertility, whilst suppressing weeds and improving water management. AKIRO rapidly establishes a broad dense canopy that is ideal for soil shading to preserve soil moisture content and prevent erosion, as well as performing an excellent role in suppressing weeds and grasses. AKIRO s deep, widely branched root system opens up the subsoil for succeeding crops as well as improving the performance of subsequent cultivations. The organic matter produced by the excellent root network enhances soil structure and enriches soil organic matter content. AKIRO can perform a valuable role in retaining nitrogen remaining in the soil following cereals, reducing nutrient losses due to leaching and protecting ground water quality. ALBATROS is classic fast growing, white mustard that has been widely and successfully used by farmers for many years as a short term economic, green manure crop. ALBATROS establishes and grows rapidly, providing excellent ground cover and weed suppression. The variety has excellent drought tolerance and can be drilled through to late September making it an ideal short term green manure crop following cereals. ALBATROS has an intensive, far-reaching root system that builds a solid soil structure rich in organic matter. The crop rapidly produces large amounts of vegetative growth which can either be incorporated directly into the soil or used as a mulch crop. ALBATROS can perform a highly effective role in protecting soil against erosion and retaining nitrogen reserves. Ditylenchus dipsaci TRV Rhizoctonia Club root (Plasmodiophora After cereal harvest: July till September kg/ha Slight preparation of the upper soil is sufficient 1-2 cm P. H. PETERSEN Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH & Co KG 12 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

8 ANGELIA Phacelia PRATEX Black Oat Ideal for OSR rotations Ideal for arable and root crop rotation Rapid establishment and growth Impressive all round qualities Thin stemmed variety Rapid early establishment Heterodera schachtii Club root (Plasmodiophora April to September kg/ha Fine crumbling, reconsolidated soil 2 cm Phacelia belongs to the Hydrophylloideae family making it an ideal catch crop, especially for arable rotations containing oilseed rape, where including radish and mustard could be problematic. Rapidly establishing phacelia performs an excellent role in reducing soil erosion and improving soil structure. ANGELIA was specifically developed for its thin stems to improve its break down once incorporated and has become a firm favourite with growers for green manure and erosion control catch crops. An ideal catch crop for rotations containing oilseed rape or root crops. This rapidly establishing black or bristle oat (Avena Strigosa) plays a valuable role in improving soil health, reducing soil erosion and in producing good yields of biomass for use as silage or in AD plants. PRATEX, as a cereal, provides an effective method for improving the management of Pratylenchus and TRV without the rotational compromises required when using other species such as radish or mustard. TRV After cereal harvest: July till September Green manure: kg/ha nematode control kg/ha Low seed placement in reconsolidated soil 2-4 cm 14 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

9 CONTRA Multi-Resistant Oil Radish Level 1 BCN control Late flowering extended vegetative growth Deep and intensive rooting system Wide sowing window Rapid establishment Reduces soil erosion Excellent weed suppression Strong biofumigant properties Easy to manage Nematode multi resistance Disease multi resistance Designed by Highest BCN 1 Nematodes resistance level Beet Cyst A Step Forward in Variety Performance Elsoms Seeds Ltd, Pinchbeck Road, Spalding, Lincolnshire PE11 1QG t +44 (0) f +44 (0)

Radishes as biofumigants and weed suppressant cover crops. Joel Gruver Western Illinois University

Radishes as biofumigants and weed suppressant cover crops. Joel Gruver Western Illinois University Radishes as biofumigants and weed suppressant cover crops Joel Gruver Western Illinois University What comes to mind when you hear the word RADISH? They take radishes very seriously in Oaxaca, MX 11 threads,

More information

CROPS COSTS AND RETURNS 2014

CROPS COSTS AND RETURNS 2014 Crops, Environment and Land-Use Programme Kildalton CROPS COSTS AND RETURNS 2014 Compiled by: Tim O Donovan, Crops Specialist and Jim O Mahony, Head of Crops - KT Department Crop Margins Awareness of crop

More information

Crop rotation and legumes cultivation: Effective measures to increase the environmental performance and long-term viability of European agriculture.

Crop rotation and legumes cultivation: Effective measures to increase the environmental performance and long-term viability of European agriculture. Crop rotation and legumes cultivation: Effective measures to increase the environmental performance and long-term viability of European agriculture. Christine Watson (SAC), Donal Murphy-Bokern (DMB), Fred

More information

Tailoring solutions for a region of diversity Global Press Conference 2013

Tailoring solutions for a region of diversity Global Press Conference 2013 Tailoring solutions for a region of diversity Global Press Conference 2013 Vincent Gros Senior Vice President, BASF Crop Protection Europe, CIS, Central Asia, Africa and Middle East October 2 nd, 2013

More information

Can Grazing Make Organic No-Till Possible?

Can Grazing Make Organic No-Till Possible? Can Grazing Make Organic No-Till Possible? Harun Cicek, Caroline Halde, Kristen Podolsky, Martin Entz, Keith Bamford, Joanne Thiessen Martens and David Feindel WCCA, Winnipeg 2014 ICARDA reduced tillage

More information

COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS

COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS Dr. Marvin Pritts, Department of Horticulture, Cornell University s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Ithaca, NY 14853 (For more information visit www.fruit.cornell.edu)

More information

The Potash Development Association Potash for Cereals

The Potash Development Association Potash for Cereals leaflet 11 The Potash Development Association Potash for Cereals Introduction There is tremendous pressure on cereal farmers to reduce costs. Expenditure on fertilisers ranges between 60-100 per hectare

More information

African Organic Agriculture Manual Booklet Series No. 4 Soil organic matter management HOW DO I IMPROVE THE SOIL ORGANIC MATTER?

African Organic Agriculture Manual Booklet Series No. 4 Soil organic matter management HOW DO I IMPROVE THE SOIL ORGANIC MATTER? African Organic Agriculture Manual Booklet Series No. 4 Soil organic matter management HOW DO I IMPROVE THE SOIL ORGANIC MATTER? What do I need to know about soil organic mat Soil organic matter is essential

More information

primefacts Yield and digestibility of legume and oat forages Dr Brian Dear Principal Research Scientist

primefacts Yield and digestibility of legume and oat forages Dr Brian Dear Principal Research Scientist N S W D P I primefacts P R O F I T A B L E & S U S T A I N A B L E P R I M A R Y I N D U S T R I E S w w w. d p i. n s w. g o v. a u N O V E M B E R 2 0 0 5 P R I M E F A C T 5 2 Yield and digestibility

More information

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL.

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. WHERE WE HAVE BEEN CANOLA PRODUCTION HAS SURPASSED THE INDUSTRY TARGET OF 15 MMT. This was achieved

More information

Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries of Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda

Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries of Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda Maize Production in Uganda Farmers have improved maize yields from 1,000Kg/ha to 3,000-5,000 Kg/ha using the recommended technologies Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries

More information

Cover crops as a soil improvement strategy

Cover crops as a soil improvement strategy Cover crops as a soil improvement strategy Eric Johnson, 1999, updated 2007, 2010 Why cover crops? -- cover crops add organic matter to the soil when chopped and incorporated. In this way, they create

More information

Advanced Soil Organic Matter Management

Advanced Soil Organic Matter Management Extension Bulletin E-3137 New February 2011 Advanced Soil Organic Matter Management Managing Soils Soil organic matter (SOM) is the foundation for productive soil. It promotes healthy crops, supplies resources

More information

Source control targeting measures for arable tillage in the Wensum Demonstration Test Catchment, Norfolk

Source control targeting measures for arable tillage in the Wensum Demonstration Test Catchment, Norfolk Source control targeting measures for arable tillage in the Wensum Demonstration Test Catchment, Norfolk Kevin Hiscock & Andrew Lovett School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia (E-mail

More information

Strawberry Production Basics: Matted Row

Strawberry Production Basics: Matted Row Strawberry Production Basics: Matted Row David T. Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruits Specialist University of Maine Cooperative Extension Highmoor Farm, P.O. Box 179, Monmouth, Maine 04259 (207) 933-2100

More information

Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training

Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training Makerere University and Humidtropics collaboration Soybean Seed production Training of Kiboga-Kyankwanzi platform members in Soybean Seed Production

More information

BioDrill for many. Calibration takes a few minutes. The test bag is pushed up under the Fenix housing through a springloaded

BioDrill for many. Calibration takes a few minutes. The test bag is pushed up under the Fenix housing through a springloaded With Väderstad s flexible BioDrill hopper for small seed on a Rexius- /Rollex roller or Carrier, leys, catch crops, oilseed crops and other small-seeded crops can be drilled while the soil is being tilled.

More information

BENEFITS OF USING IPM

BENEFITS OF USING IPM Edward J. Bechinski and William H. Bohl Potato growers who use IPM consider all available pest control tools. Alternatives to conventional pesticides are the foundation of every IPM plan. Pesticides play

More information

PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING

PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING Jimmy C. Henning A good rotational grazing system begins with a forage system that allows the maximum number of grazing days per year with forages that are

More information

THE KILL DATE AS A MANAGEMENT TOOL TO INCREASE COVER CROPS BENEFITS IN WATER QUALITY & NITROGEN RECYCLING

THE KILL DATE AS A MANAGEMENT TOOL TO INCREASE COVER CROPS BENEFITS IN WATER QUALITY & NITROGEN RECYCLING THE KILL DATE AS A MANAGEMENT TOOL TO INCREASE COVER CROPS BENEFITS IN WATER QUALITY & NITROGEN RECYCLING María ALONSO-AYUSO José Luis GABRIEL Miguel QUEMADA Technical University of Madrid (Spain) INDEX

More information

Hybrid Rye for Biogas Trial Results 2012/13 KWS UK

Hybrid Rye for Biogas Trial Results 2012/13 KWS UK Hybrid Rye for Biogas Trial Results 2012/13 KWS UK Varieties in test Variety Type Market Seed Rates (seeds/m 2 ) KWS Progas Hybrid Rye Biogas WCS 200, 250, 300 KWS Magnifico Hybrid Rye Biogas WCS 200,

More information

DESIGNING A SCHOOL GARDEN. Sandy McGroarty, An Taisce Green-Schools

DESIGNING A SCHOOL GARDEN. Sandy McGroarty, An Taisce Green-Schools DESIGNING A SCHOOL GARDEN Sandy McGroarty, An Taisce Green-Schools Designing the Garden Why do you want a garden? Ornamental Edible Forest Garden Outdoor Classroom Biodiversity Maintenance over the Summer

More information

The Ultimate Guide to Pigeon Feed

The Ultimate Guide to Pigeon Feed The Ultimate Guide to Pigeon Feed Learn the champions secret winning formula, click the link below to learn more www.pigeonracingformula.com Table of Contents Ingredients... 3 Peas... 3 Corn... 3 Pop Corn...

More information

A Look at Five Green Manures for Tropical Farm Systems by: Kristin Hettich

A Look at Five Green Manures for Tropical Farm Systems by: Kristin Hettich A Look at Five Green Manures for Tropical Farm Systems by: Kristin Hettich Background Green manuring involves the soil incorporation of any field or forage crop while green or soon after flowering for

More information

Farming. In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed.

Farming. In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed. Types of Farming In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed. Arable farms are ones where the main way of making money is by

More information

Onderzoeksopdracht Beste landbouwpraktijken van teelten in combinatie met nateelten/vanggewassen

Onderzoeksopdracht Beste landbouwpraktijken van teelten in combinatie met nateelten/vanggewassen Onderzoeksopdracht Beste landbouwpraktijken van teelten in combinatie met nateelten/vanggewassen Eindrapport 2 oktober 2014 Consortium Universiteit Gent ILVO Plant Inagro Bodemkundige Dienst van België

More information

Farming at dairy farms (produktion på mælkelandbrug)

Farming at dairy farms (produktion på mælkelandbrug) Farming at dairy (produktion på mælkelandbrug) Process description The present data refer to production on eight typical Danish Dairy in 2000, which combines dairy and (cash) crop production in a mixed

More information

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University!

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Outline! Understanding weeds! Behavior of wandering perennials! Tillage and emergence cues! Life and death of weed seeds in the soil!

More information

WEED MANAGEMENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES

WEED MANAGEMENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES C 6 H A P TE R WEED MANAGEMENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completely studying this chapter, you should: Be able to define a weed and its four stages of development. Understand the differences between annual,

More information

Ecological benefits of hemp and flax cultivation and products. 1. Background. 2. Effects on soil and crop rotations. 3.

Ecological benefits of hemp and flax cultivation and products. 1. Background. 2. Effects on soil and crop rotations. 3. Ecological benefits of hemp and flax cultivation and products By Stephan Piotrowski and Michael Carus 1. Background According to Regulation (EC) Nr. 73/2009, Article 68 (1), member states may grant direct

More information

Managing of Annual Winter Forages in Southwest Texas

Managing of Annual Winter Forages in Southwest Texas r r r rr EDUCATION RESEARCH EXTENSION The Texas A&M University System Soil & Crop Sciences Managing of Annual Winter Forages in Southwest Texas Mr Charles Stichler Assocaite Professor and Extension Agronomist

More information

How can information technology play a role in primary industries climate resilience?

How can information technology play a role in primary industries climate resilience? Manage Data. Harvest Information. How can information technology play a role in primary industries climate resilience? CHALLENGES FOR WORLD AGRICULTURE 9 Billion people on earth by 2040 Up to 40% of food

More information

Maize Seed Production Manual

Maize Seed Production Manual Youth Agripreneurs Agriculture is the future Maize Seed Production Manual Produced by IITA Youth Agripreneurs Maize Seed Production Manual Produced by IYA Cassava Value Chain Members International Institute

More information

ENERGY IN FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USE

ENERGY IN FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USE Farm Energy IQ Conserving Energy in Nutrient Use and Pest Control INTRODUCTION Fertilizers and pesticides are the most widely used sources of nutrients and pest control, respectively. Fertilizer and pesticides

More information

various P levels for the past two years. Treatments were a one time application

various P levels for the past two years. Treatments were a one time application SOIL FERTILITY AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO CROP PRODUCTION COST IN NO-TILLAGE SYSTEMS J.T. Touchton The rapidly increasing cost of crop production is forcing an interest in practices that reduce or eliminate

More information

suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture

suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture suscon Green is a dust free, controlled release granule that controls Grass Grub in newly established pasture

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Chapter 2 Integrated Pest Management In This Chapter Keywords After learning the information in this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define Integrated Pest Management (IPM). 2. List and describe the 5

More information

COMPOST AND PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENTS

COMPOST AND PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENTS 6y COMPOST AND PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENTS Up to this point, we have concentrated primarily on the processes involved in converting organic wastes to compost. But, in addition to being an environmentally

More information

NO-TILL AND NITROGEN FIXING INOCULANTS

NO-TILL AND NITROGEN FIXING INOCULANTS NO-TILL AND NITROGEN FIXING INOCULANTS Tom Wacek R & D Director for Urbana Laboratories St. Joseph, Missouri Nitrogen fixation is the utilization of the free gaseous nitrogen in the air by soil bacteria

More information

Moringa Oleifera a Multipurpose Tree:

Moringa Oleifera a Multipurpose Tree: Moringa Oleifera a Multipurpose Tree: 1.0 Introduction: Amandla Resources 1.1 Moringa Oleifera belongs to the onogeneric family of shrubs and trees and originated south of the Himalayas in Northern India.

More information

The farm: Placed in the middle of Sealand 250 hektar 5000 pigs 30-110 kg produced Soiltype: JB 6

The farm: Placed in the middle of Sealand 250 hektar 5000 pigs 30-110 kg produced Soiltype: JB 6 The farm: Placed in the middle of Sealand 250 hektar 5000 pigs 30-110 kg produced Soiltype: JB 6 (app. 14% clay, 14 silt, 45% fine sand, 27% sand) The principles of Conservation Agriculture (CA): - Minimum

More information

Observatory monitoring framework indicator data sheet

Observatory monitoring framework indicator data sheet Observatory monitoring framework indicator data sheet Process: Farm management Indicator C4: Fertiliser use This indicator monitors fertiliser application rates for England and Wales. C4 Fertiliser application

More information

Horticulture Information Leaflet 33-E

Horticulture Information Leaflet 33-E Department of Horticultural Science Horticulture Information Leaflet 33-E Revised 9/93 -- Author Reviewed 8/97 VEGETABLE CROP IRRIGATION Douglas C. Sanders, Extension Horticultural Specialist Distributed

More information

FARMING FOR THE FUTURE How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System

FARMING FOR THE FUTURE How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System european fertilizer manufacturers association Global trends in population growth (Population 1000 million),

More information

Understanding the. Soil Test Report. Client and Sample Identification

Understanding the. Soil Test Report. Client and Sample Identification Understanding the Soil Test Report Page 1 of 7 Crops absorb the nutrients required from soil in order to grow, so ensuring that your soil is meeting the crops needs is critical. Having the proper level

More information

CHALLENGE 7. STRATEGIES AND TOOLS FOR SUSTAINABLE SOIL AND SUBSTRATE MANAGEMENT. Janjo de Haan (Wageningen UR) Alice Abjean-Uguen (CERAFEL)

CHALLENGE 7. STRATEGIES AND TOOLS FOR SUSTAINABLE SOIL AND SUBSTRATE MANAGEMENT. Janjo de Haan (Wageningen UR) Alice Abjean-Uguen (CERAFEL) CHALLENGE 7. STRATEGIES AND TOOLS FOR SUSTAINABLE SOIL AND SUBSTRATE MANAGEMENT Janjo de Haan (Wageningen UR) Alice Abjean-Uguen (CERAFEL) International year of the soil Soil and substrate crucial role

More information

Energybeet for Biogas. Simon Witheford & Steffi Eggers

Energybeet for Biogas. Simon Witheford & Steffi Eggers Energybeet for Biogas Simon Witheford & Steffi Eggers Breeding for energy = Energy Crops from KWS Energymaize Energybeet OSR Hybrid Rye Sunflower Triticale 2 04/02/2015 KWS UK - Seeding the future 3 >

More information

Plant Genetic Resources Green sources of plant protein

Plant Genetic Resources Green sources of plant protein Plant Genetic Resources Green sources of plant protein Gert Poulsen Department of Plant and Environmental Science Faculty of Science NORDGEN IS AN INSTITUTE UNDER THE NORDIC COUNCIL OF MINISTERS Protein

More information

CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP.

CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP. CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP. Planted acreage reached a high in 1981 with 14.4 million acres planted for all purposes and has hovered near 12.5 million acres since the early

More information

GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE

GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE Between 30-60 percent of water applied to lawns and gardens is never absorbed by the plants. Water is often wasted because it is applied too quickly and runs off, evaporates

More information

COVER CROPS FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS

COVER CROPS FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS COMMERCIAL VEGETABLE PRODUCTION COVER CROPS FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS BY CHARLES W. MARR RHONDA JANKE PAUL CONWAY Cover crops are not grown for harvest; rather, they are grown to protect and improve soils.

More information

I. RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BASED ON GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) AND GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES (GMP)

I. RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BASED ON GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) AND GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES (GMP) CAC/RCP 51-2003 Page 1 of 8 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE PREVENTION AND REDUCTION OF MYCOTOXIN CONTAMINATION IN CEREALS, INCLUDING ANNEXES ON OCHRATOXIN A, ZEARALENONE, FUMONISINS AND TRICOTHECENES CAC/RCP

More information

To complete the organization for all agricultural activities MARO has daughter companies such as

To complete the organization for all agricultural activities MARO has daughter companies such as www.maro.com.tr MARO was established as a family company at 1986. Our aims were producing seeds of forage crops such as alfalfa, sainfoin and vetch; developing new varieties and supplying certified seeds

More information

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Pest Control: Herbaceous Weeds - A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Pest Control: Herbaceous Weeds - A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse PEST CONTROL: HERBACEOUS WEEDS A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Cornell University, USA Keywords: Mechanical control, biological control, Integrated Weed Management

More information

1. Overview of VA Roller Demo Project. 2. What Is Cover Crop Rolling? Contacts for VA-USDA Roller Demonstration Project

1. Overview of VA Roller Demo Project. 2. What Is Cover Crop Rolling? Contacts for VA-USDA Roller Demonstration Project VIRGINIA RESOURCE CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT COUNCILS INTRODUCTION TO COVER CROP ROLLING & THE VA- USDA CRIMPER ROLLER DEMONSTRATION PROJECT September 2006 Long Version - available at: http://www.va.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/crop_agronomy.html

More information

What is Agroforestry?

What is Agroforestry? What is Agroforestry? The Farmers' Handbook - "The Fields", Trees with fields in between: plentiful, secure productivity Agroforestry is a sysem where farm crops are mixed with trees to supply fodder,

More information

What Is Humic Acid? Where Does It Come From?

What Is Humic Acid? Where Does It Come From? What Is Humic Acid? Humic and Fulvic acids are the final break-down constituents of the natural decay of plant and animal materials. These organic acids are found in pre-historic deposits. Humic matter

More information

PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION. Introduction

PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION. Introduction PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION Introduction The pineapple is a tropical and subtropical fruit grown in many countries in Africa. In Uganda it is mainly grown south of Lake Kyoga and western Uganda. Ii is a tradable

More information

RIPPLE Africa Step by Step Fruit Tree planting Guide

RIPPLE Africa Step by Step Fruit Tree planting Guide RIPPLE Africa Step by Step Fruit Tree planting Guide NOTES ON FRUIT PRODUCTION Aim and Objective The aim and objective of RIPPLE Africa as an organisation is to make Nkhata Bay District one of the leading

More information

ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime

ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime T ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime producers. No matter what size operation, good pasture management

More information

SCALING UP YOUR VEGETABLE OPERATION Practical Farmers of Iowa Conference 2011

SCALING UP YOUR VEGETABLE OPERATION Practical Farmers of Iowa Conference 2011 SCALING UP YOUR VEGETABLE OPERATION Practical Farmers of Iowa Conference 2011 Started the farm in 1990 with 5 acres The CSA started in 1991 with 30 members Through religious organizations and community

More information

Maintaining a Healthy Lawn

Maintaining a Healthy Lawn Maintaining a Healthy Lawn in Western Oregon A.M. VanDerZanden and T. Cook EC 1521 Reprinted February 2001 $1.50 The typical home lawn is an evolving ecosystem that gets more complex each year. At first,

More information

Seed Bed Combination Korund 8

Seed Bed Combination Korund 8 Seed Bed Combination Korund 8 2 Basis for optimum crop establishment The constant strive to control input costs, coupled with the need to optimise timing of crop establishment, demands machines which combine

More information

Evaluation of Biofertilizer and Manure Effects on Quantitative Yield of Nigella Sativa L.

Evaluation of Biofertilizer and Manure Effects on Quantitative Yield of Nigella Sativa L. Evaluation of Biofertilizer and Manure Effects on Quantitative Yield of Nigella Sativa L. Mohammad Reza Haj Seyed Hadi Fereshteh Ghanepasand Mohammad Taghi Darzi Dept. of Agronomy, Roudehen Branch, Islamic

More information

Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort

Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort The Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort Name Help Sheets: Things Plants Need There are certain things that every living thing needs in order to live and grow. Just like you, plants need

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management Andrea Veres Junior Technical Officer FAO REU andrea.veres@fao.org Yerevan, Armenia 2013 Why develop IPM? Agriculture was: not sustainable optimized inputs for maximum profit

More information

Phosphorus use efficiency, grain yield, and quality of triticale and durum wheat under irrigated conditions

Phosphorus use efficiency, grain yield, and quality of triticale and durum wheat under irrigated conditions Proceedings of the 5 th International Triticale Symposium, Annex June 30 July 5, 2002, Radzików, Poland Phosphorus use efficiency, grain yield, and quality of triticale and durum wheat under irrigated

More information

An Arvum Group Company SEED TECHNOLOGY MAIZE GUIDE 2013 SUPPORTING FARM INCOME WITH BETTER VARIETIES

An Arvum Group Company SEED TECHNOLOGY MAIZE GUIDE 2013 SUPPORTING FARM INCOME WITH BETTER VARIETIES SEED TECHNOLOGY MAIZE GUIDE 2013 SUPPORTING FARM INCOME WITH BETTER VARIETIES WHY GROW MAIZE? Maize Silage is a high energy starch-rich and very palatable forage which is ideal for including in ruminant

More information

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast 1 Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China Jiang Enchen Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China. Post code: 150030

More information

NEWS RELEASE. For more information, contact: Jenna Rose, jenna@rosemedia.biz, (573) 808-0815. July 23, 2015

NEWS RELEASE. For more information, contact: Jenna Rose, jenna@rosemedia.biz, (573) 808-0815. July 23, 2015 NEWS RELEASE For more information, contact: Jenna Rose, jenna@rosemedia.biz, (573) 808-0815 July 23, 2015 Healthy Soil, Thriving Farmers: Soil Health Field Days Promote Agricultural Evolution Soil Health

More information

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality Seedling quality Quality versus quantity A nursery manager s most important goal is to produce quality trees. Quality is more important than quantity. It is a common mistake in nurseries to concentrate

More information

Chapter 8: Diseases. Rust

Chapter 8: Diseases. Rust Chapter 8: Diseases Historically, fusarium wilt and rust have been considered major limiting factors in flax production in Western Canada. However, these two diseases have been effectively managed by multigenic

More information

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) is a

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) is a E-503 03-09 Easy Gardening ASPARAGUS ASPARAGUS ASPARAGUS ASPAR Joseph Masabni, Assistant Professor and Extension Horticulturist, The Texas A&M University System Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) is a highly

More information

SOIL FERTILITY MANAGEMENT BASICS. Organic Soil Amendments and Fertilizers

SOIL FERTILITY MANAGEMENT BASICS. Organic Soil Amendments and Fertilizers SOIL FERTILITY MANAGEMENT BASICS Organic Soil Amendments and Fertilizers What are Your Objectives for Soil and Crops? Increase soil organic matter Improve soil tilth Enhance nitrogen availability Increase

More information

IRRIGATING TOBACCO. J. Michael Moore

IRRIGATING TOBACCO. J. Michael Moore IRRIGATING TOBACCO J. Michael Moore Irrigation is an important component for the production of quality tobacco in Georgia. Rainfall is unpredictable and generally unreliable during the critical growth

More information

Soybean roulette: improving the odds for maximizing soybean yields

Soybean roulette: improving the odds for maximizing soybean yields Soybean roulette: improving the odds for maximizing soybean yields Larry C. Purcell University of Arkansas Indiana CCA Conference December 15, 2015 Why Is Maximizing Soybean Yield Similar to Roulette?

More information

2015 Certified Bermudagrass Preliminary Buyers Guide

2015 Certified Bermudagrass Preliminary Buyers Guide 2015 Certified Bermudagrass Preliminary Buyers Guide IMPORTANT NOTICE! Final certification is contingent only on a satisfactory field inspection. This publication has been prepared to provide a list of

More information

Managing Wheat by Growth Stage

Managing Wheat by Growth Stage Managing Wheat by Growth Stage Kiersten Wise, Bill Johnson....Purdue Botany and Plant Pathology Chuck Mansfield.......... Purdue Agronomy Christian Krupke.......... Purdue Entomology ID-422 Photos by Kiersten

More information

Policy Support for Agroforestry in the European Union

Policy Support for Agroforestry in the European Union Policy Support for Agroforestry in the European Union Gerry Lawson 1,2 (UK) P.Burgess 1,2 (England), R. Crowe 1 (N.Ireland), F. Herzog 2 (Switzerland), K.Mantzanas 2 (Greece), M.Mayus 2 (Netherlands),

More information

12. INSECT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT

12. INSECT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT 12. INSECT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT Conservation farming promotes a diversity of insect life, influences pest populations and also favours many beneficial insects. The beneficial insects which act as

More information

Grow your own wheat. preparation #1. Brockwell Bake TEACHER S NOTES. Sowing times. Choosing and obtaining seed wheat. Sowing site.

Grow your own wheat. preparation #1. Brockwell Bake TEACHER S NOTES. Sowing times. Choosing and obtaining seed wheat. Sowing site. Brockwell Bake preparation #1 Sowing times Wheat is divided into spring and winter wheat, meaning spring wheat which grows relatively fast and is sown at the start of Spring (usually March) once soil is

More information

Precision Farming in Practice

Precision Farming in Practice Knowledge grows Precision Farming in Practice Yara s N-Tester Establishes N Status Quickly and Accurately Yara N-Tester What is N-Tester? N-Tester is a hand held tool which enables quick and easy nondestructive

More information

FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO. Dual MAGNUM. EPA Reg. 100-816. EPA SLN No. OH-110002

FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO. Dual MAGNUM. EPA Reg. 100-816. EPA SLN No. OH-110002 FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO Dual MAGNUM EPA Reg. 100-816 This label for Dual Magnum expires and must not be distributed or used in accordance with this SLN registration after

More information

INTRODUCTION. The 3-year upper primary syllabus development was guided by the RNPE, 1994, which called for the review of the Primary curriculum.

INTRODUCTION. The 3-year upper primary syllabus development was guided by the RNPE, 1994, which called for the review of the Primary curriculum. INTRODUCTION The 3-year upper primary syllabus development was guided by the RNPE, 1994, which called for the review of the Primary curriculum. It followed the introduction of lower primary Environmental

More information

College of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural Research and Cooperative Extension

College of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural Research and Cooperative Extension Start Farming Introduction to Soils Fact 4 Determining Nutrient Applications for Small Farms Basic Calculations Conventional Generally production systems in Pennsylvania use a mixture of nutrient sources.

More information

Seed Processing Plant

Seed Processing Plant Seed Processing Plant Y 50 Years of Experience - Your Guarentee Consultancy based on experience At Cimbria, we have built up a profound and market leading specialist know-how within development and turn-key

More information

PREVENTING PEST DAMAGE IN HOME LAWNS

PREVENTING PEST DAMAGE IN HOME LAWNS PREVENTING PEST DAMAGE IN HOME LAWNS Quick Tips Summary Use mixed grass seeds rather than a single variety Fertilize with composted organics or slow-acting synthetic products Keep soil at ph 5.8 6.5 Keep

More information

Speaker Summary Note

Speaker Summary Note 2020 CONFERENCE MAY 2014 Session: Speaker: Speaker Summary Note Building Resilience by Innovating and Investing in Agricultural Systems Mark Rosegrant Director, Environment and Production Technology Division

More information

FNE14-791 Using invasive Eurasian milfoil as an organic soil amendment: Effect on yield of tomato crop

FNE14-791 Using invasive Eurasian milfoil as an organic soil amendment: Effect on yield of tomato crop New York FNE14-791 Using invasive Eurasian milfoil as an organic soil amendment: Effect on yield of tomato crop Ian Ater, Fledging Crow Vegetables, Keeseville NY Eurasian milfoil is an invasive aquatic

More information

BREEDING CANOLA IN CANADA FOR A CHANGING MARKET

BREEDING CANOLA IN CANADA FOR A CHANGING MARKET BREEDING CANOLA IN CANADA FOR A CHANGING MARKET Greg Buzza Advanta Seeds, Winnipeg, Canada. The plant breeders aim is to produce a variety, a cultivar, a hybrid, or in other words a product. This product

More information

Maintaining Cactus and Succulents

Maintaining Cactus and Succulents Maintaining Cactus and Succulents Master Gardener Education February 22, 2011 Jack Kelly University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Pima County Cooperative Extension Tucson, Arizona

More information

finance leader world s the greatest

finance leader world s the greatest The Syngenta Finance Management Program Becoming a finance leader while contributing to solving some of world s the greatest challenges * Our work matters As global demand for food and fuel continues to

More information

VOLUNTARY GUIDELINES ON BEST PRACTICE FOR CROP FEEDSTOCKS IN ANAEROBIC DIGESTION

VOLUNTARY GUIDELINES ON BEST PRACTICE FOR CROP FEEDSTOCKS IN ANAEROBIC DIGESTION VOLUNTARY GUIDELINES ON BEST PRACTICE FOR CROP FEEDSTOCKS IN ANAEROBIC DIGESTION Produced by ADBA in collaboration with: This document was produced by ADBA in collaboration with CLA, NFU, NNFCC, REA, and

More information

JUNIPER TREE NURSERY. Growing The Future Forest Today. A Promise We ve Been Keeping Since 1957.

JUNIPER TREE NURSERY. Growing The Future Forest Today. A Promise We ve Been Keeping Since 1957. JUNIPER TREE NURSERY Growing The Future Forest Today. A Promise We ve Been Keeping Since 1957. JUNIPER TREE NURSERY J.D. Irving, Limited has had an active tree growing program since 1957 as part of our

More information

Profiting from soil organic matter

Profiting from soil organic matter GYA Working for sustainable development Profiting from soil organic matter A guide to improving soil organic matter management that can increase farm profits and help farmers to meet Single Payment Scheme

More information

Total Income from Farming in the United Kingdom. First estimate for 2015

Total Income from Farming in the United Kingdom. First estimate for 2015 28 April 2016 Total Income from Farming in the United Kingdom First estimate for 2015 This release presents the first estimate of Total Income from Farming for the United Kingdom for 2015. Total Income

More information

Growing Vegetables at Home

Growing Vegetables at Home Visit us on the Web: www.gardeninghelp.org Growing Vegetables at Home Vegetable gardening is a rewarding hobby that has many benefits not the least of which is getting exercise and growing fresh food.

More information

Data Mining and Meta-analysis as Tools to Evaluate the Impact of Management Practices on Dynamic Soil Properties

Data Mining and Meta-analysis as Tools to Evaluate the Impact of Management Practices on Dynamic Soil Properties Data Mining and Meta-analysis as Tools to Evaluate the Impact of Management Practices on Dynamic Soil Properties Carmen Ugarte, Michelle M. Wander University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign National Cooperative

More information

"Fingerprinting" Vegetables DNA-based Marker Assisted Selection

Fingerprinting Vegetables DNA-based Marker Assisted Selection "Fingerprinting" Vegetables DNA-based Marker Assisted Selection Faster, Cheaper, More Reliable; These are some of the goals that vegetable breeders at seed companies and public institutions desire for

More information

Direct sowing versus planting

Direct sowing versus planting Direct sowing versus planting Experience with tropical afforestation and land rehabilitation, pros. and cons. Danish and Swedish field trials. Results until now. Why are trees usually planted and not sown?

More information