1 Blueprint to Becoming a Forensic Scientist Lawrence Quarino, Ph.D., D-ABC, Dwight Adams, Ph.D. Steve Lee, Ph.D.
2 Lawrence Quarino, Ph.D., D-ABC Director of B.S. and M.S. Forensic Science program at Cedar Crest College (Allentown, PA) FEPAC Commissioner ( ) Fellow, AAFS Secretary, Criminalistics Section, AAFS President-Elect, Northeastern Association of Forensic Scientists New York City Medical Examiner s Office,
3 Dwight Adams, Ph.D. Director of Forensic Science Institute at University of Central Oklahoma 23 year FBI career Part of original research team that developed forensic DNA technology Testified in more than 130 trials in DNA Retired as FBI lab director in 2006
4 Steve Lee, Ph.D. Director of B.S. Forensic Science program at San Jose State University BS Biology, minor in Chemistry, SUNY Binghamton; MS Molecular Biology and Population Genetics, NYU; Ph.D. Molecular Biology, UC Berkeley; Post- Doc, Molecular Evolution, U Georgia Technical Working Group on DNA Analysis and Methods, Director of Research and Development at CA Dept of Justice DNA Lab, Fellow, AAFS Member of California Association of Criminalists American Society of Crime Laboratory Director s Laboratory Accreditation Board inspector
5 Three Questions What is Forensic Science?
6 CSI: LAS VEGAS
8 CSI: New York
9 Forensic Science The Application of Science to the Law
10 Three Questions What Is Forensic Science? What does a forensic scientist do?
11 All Sort of Things Forensic Medicine Forensic Odontology Forensic Anthropology Forensic Toxicology Criminalistics
12 Three Questions What Is Forensic Science? What does a forensic scientist do? What kind of background is needed in order to become a forensic scientist?
13 Qualifications for a Career in Forensic Science Model Candidate Possesses personal integrity, holds a baccalaureate degree (at a minimum) in the natural sciences and has the following KSAs (knowledge, skills, and abilities). Critical thinking Decision making Good laboratory practices Awareness of laboratory safety Observation and attention to detail Computer proficiency Education and Training in Forensic Science: A Guide for Forensic Science Laboratories, Educational Institutions, and Students, National Institute of Justice, 2004
14 Model Candidate (cont.) Interpersonal skills Public speaking Oral and written communication Time management Prioritization of tasks Education and Training in Forensic Science: A Guide for Forensic Science Laboratories, Educational Institutions, and Students, National Institute of Justice, 2004
15 Academic Qualifications Strong background in all the natural science. Minimum B.S.
16 Curricular Standards Undergraduate Natural Science Core: Biology with lab Physics with lab General Chemistry with lab Organic Chemistry with lab Calculus Statistics FEPAC Accreditation Curricular Guidelines
17 Curricular Standards Undergraduate Specialized science courses biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics, physical chemistry Forensic science courses Topics include courtroom testimony, introduction to law, quality assurance, ethics, professional practice, background requirements, evidence identification, collection, processing, and a survey of forensic science forensic biology, forensic chemistry, physical methods, and microscopy with a laboratory component. FEPAC Accreditation Curricular Guidelines
18 The Moral of the Story First and foremost, you re a scientist!
19 But Don t Forget.. You need to speak and write well, also
20 Conditions of Employment Drug tests Polygraph Medical and physical examination Background checks Education and Training in Forensic Science: A Guide for Forensic Science Laboratories, Educational Institutions, and Students, National Institute of Justice, 2004
21 Typical Background Checks History of drug use Criminal history Personal associations Driving record Past work performance Credit history History of community service and outside activities Education and Training in Forensic Science: A Guide for Forensic Science Laboratories, Educational Institutions, and Students, National Institute of Justice, 2004
22 Where to look: Getting that First Job Websites from Professional Organizations Human Resource page from local and state government for federal jobs Who can help? Science job recruiters
23 The Keys: Getting that First Job Resume and Cover Letter Accentuate the Positive Key Words: If job description says DNA analysis use the term in either resume or cover letter Cover letter must be grammatically correct State reasons why they should hire you Concise and to the point!
24 The Interview: Getting that first Job Confident but not overzealous Be mindful of your social media Be professional
25 Professionalism is what others think, not what you think
26 Dress: First Impression Suite (black, grey, navy blue) Remove piercings (except lobe of ear for women) Hide tattoos No cologne or perfume Speech Complete sentences No lazy speech (for instance, losing the g in words ending in ing ) No filler words or colloquialisms
27 Getting that First Job Look for ways to practice interviewing.
28 1990 s Revolution Massive Growth New State Labs in NY, NJ, MN, OR Jobs increased DNA led the revolution CSI effect?
29 Forensic Science Today There are 389 publicly funded forensic science labs in US. 210 state or regional labs 84 county labs 62 municipal labs 33 federal labs Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2005
30 Forensic Science Today 11,900 full-time personnel in forensic labs 58% are scientists 10% are technicians 13% are managerial 8% are clerical 6% are crime scene technicians Median lab size is % of labs send scientists to crime scenes. Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2005
31 Forensic Laboratory Organization Public Local (NYPD; Montgomery County, MD) State (NJSP) Federal (FBI, Customs) 99% cases come from gov t agencies (i.e., not the accused); taxes pay $$$ Private McCrone Associates Cellmark Individuals in Private Practice Take cases from anyone who can pay $$$
32 Federal Forensic Laboratories FBI DEA Secret Service Customs IRS Department of Interior US Postal Service
33 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Forensic Lab
34 State Laboratories Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension Laboratory Oregon State Forensic Laboratory
35 Forensic Organizations American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) American Board of Criminalistics (ABC) Professional Certification International Association for Identification Regional Forensic Science Societies Northeastern Association of Forensic Scientists Mid-Atlantic Association of Forensic Scientists Midwestern Association of Forensic Scientists Southern Association of Forensic Scientists Northwestern Association of Forensic Scientists California Association of Criminalists Scientific Working Groups (SWGs)
36 Your Obligation as a Professional Be involved and have a stake in forensic science. Join professional organizations Know the history of forensic science Professional development Continuing Education Training NIJ Training ( Professional Organizations Academic Institutions
37 Ethics Professional Codes of Ethics as a guide for professional behavior.
38 Survey of Forensic Science Ethics Documents Courtesy of Carolyn Gannett
39 Survey of Forensic Science Ethics Documents Courtesy of Carolyn Gannett
40 Survey of Forensic Science Ethics Documents Courtesy of Carolyn Gannett
42 Books: Forensic Science and Criminalistics (CSI)
José R. Almirall Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry International Forensic Research Institute Florida International University Miami, Florida U.S.A. Forensic Sciences ~ 320 forensic labs in the U.S.
Presentation to the National Academies Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community Lawrence Quarino, Ph.D., D-ABC Director of Forensic Science Program Cedar Crest College Allentown,
Bio-Molecular Forensic Science Careers Jack Ballantyne Department of Chemistry National Center for Forensic Science Bio-Molecular Forensic Science Biology (genetics, biochemistry and molecular biology)
Careers for Biologists in the FORENSIC SCIENCES Sarah Seashols, PhD Department of Forensic Science Virginia Commonwealth University www.has.vcu.edu/forensics What is Forensic Science? ME SCENE DO NOT CROSS
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Marjorie E. Harris 2545 Bellwood Road Richmond, Virginia 23237 email@example.com My career began in forensics as a criminalist with the Independence, Missouri, Police Department Crime Laboratory
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Engineering Forensics Inter-Faculty Bachelor of Forensic Science Forensic science is the study of evidence in criminal investigation for presentation in courts of law. Crime scene artifacts are frequently
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Opportunities for Improvement: Critical Areas 1 for the NAS Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community David A. Stoney January 26, 2007 Overview 2 Personal Background & Biases
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ADJUS Obed Vazquez, Dean Social Sciences Division Faculty Office Building, Room 136 Possible career opportunities Law enforcement study prepares students for a career as a police officer, sheriff s deputy,
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Anna Siobhan Duggar, MS, D-ABC Loyola University New Orleans (504) 865-2891 Department of Chemistry, Forensic Chemistry Program firstname.lastname@example.org Education John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University
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