Development and Evaluation of Point Cloud Compression for the Point Cloud Library

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1 Development and Evaluation of Point Cloud Compression for the Institute for Media Technology, TUM, Germany May 12, 2011

2 Motivation Point Cloud Stream Compression Network Point Cloud Stream Decompression Goals/Motivation: Efficient for real-time processing General compression approach for unstructured point clouds (varying size, resolution, density, point ordering) Exploit spatial sparseness of point clouds Exploit temporal redundancies in point cloud streams Keep introduced coding distortion below sensor noise

3 Background c NVIDIA Research Hierarchical tree data structures can efficiently describe sparse 3D information Focus on real-time compression favors octree-based point cloud compression approach Octree structures enable fast spatial decomposition

4 Octree-based Encoding Serialized Octree: Root node describes a cubic bounding box which encapsulates all points Child nodes recursively subdivide point space Nodes have up to eight children Byte encoding Point encoding by serializing high-resolution octree structures!

5 Temporal Encoding Temporarily adjacent point clouds often strongly correlate: Serialized Octree A: Serialized Octree B: Differentially encode octree structures using XOR: XOR Encoded Octree B: Gain: reduced entropy of the serialized binary data!

6 Results Experimental results of octree-based point cloud compression

7 Results Data rate comparison between regular octree compression (gray) and differential octree compression (black) for 1mm 3 resolution

8 DEMO Real-time spatial change detection based on XOR comparison of octree structure

9 Detail encoding Challenge: With increased octree resolution, complexity grows exponentially Solution: Limit octree resolution and encode point detail coefficients Enables trade-off between complexity and compression performance Also applicable to point components (color, normals, etc.)

10 Compression Pipeline Encoding Pipeline: Point Detail Encoding Position Detail Coefficients Point Cloud Octree Structure Binary Serialization Entropy Encoding Compressed PC Point Component Encoding Component Voxel Avg. + Detail Coefficients Decoding Pipeline: Point Detail Decoding Compressed PC Entropy Decoding Octree Structure Point Cloud Point Component Decoding

11 Results Experimental results for point detail encoding at octree resolution of 9mm 3. Enables fast real-time encoding with high point precision

12 DEMO Point cloud compression demo

13 Contributions to PCL Contributed algorithms using octrees for spatial decomposition: Point cloud compression Fast search operations (neighbor search, radius search, voxel search) Voxel-grid filter / downsampling Voxel-centroid filter / downsampling Point density analysis Spatial 3D change detection Occupancy checks/maps

14 Contributions to PCL Further PCL contributions: Fast range coder implementation (fixed-point version of arithmetic entropy coder) with static and adaptive frequency tables. Fast neighbor search techniques for organized point clouds (with Nico) Octree viewer implementation (with Nico) Helping out at the PCL front

15 Thank you Thank you!

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