1 Thanks to
2 Patrick D haese Fietsersbond vzw Chairman Pro-cycling legislation
3 Subplenary 1.4 Pro-cycling legislation Traffic codes: quite some differences! in Europe
4 Subplenary 1.4 Pro-cycling legislation Traffic codes: quite some differences! outside Europe
5 Subplenary 1.4 Pro-cycling legislation Traffic codes: legislative measures based on cycle safety, cycling quality and cycle use.
6 Subplenary 1.4 Pro-cycling legislation Traffic codes: legislative measures based on cycle safety, cycling quality and cycle use.
7 Subplenary 1.4 Pro-cycling legislation Speakers Mario Alves : Licence to kill? Benoît Dupriez : Counterflow cycling Bernhard Ensink : Pro cycling regulations
8 Benoît DUPRIEZ Contraflow cycling in Belgium and the Contraflow cycling in Belgium and the Brussels Region
9 Contents 1. Contraflow cycling in one-way streets and Highway Code 2. Added road markings in Brussels and road-design examples 3 Cycling accidents in "limited" one-way 3. Cycling accidents in limited one-way streets (Brussels and Antwerp)
10 Highway Code 1991: contraflow cycling can be implemented 2004: "Except local road safety circumstances, signals M2 to M5 complete respectively signals C1 and F19. " C1 F19 M4 M2 M3 M5
11 Why contraflow cycling cling in one-way streets? To allow cyclists to take the shortest way To avoid big roads of dangerous junctions to encourage cycling and improve road safety for cyclists But : : few municipalities take the opportunity
12 Why contraflow cycling cling in one-way streets? 1998: First assessment and Circular Letter of the Minister Positive road safety assessment in the cities that implemented cycling contraflow Increase in the number of signals: Vienna Convention do not permit contraflow cycling in one-way streets without specific added signals Cycling contraflow possible from 3 m roadway width
13 : generalization ation Road width <2.6 m m > 3 m Contraflow contraflow contraflow cycling street cycling street cycling street forbidden allowed mandatory Exceptions (for local road safety circumstances): 1. Try to solve road safety problems (mainly at crossroads) 2. If not possible, exclude contraflow cycling in that street
14 : generalization ation Methodology to implement a safe contraflow cycling Signalization and road marking (Brussels Region) downloadable (FR/NL):
15 Added road marking in Brussels to catch attention of drivers (markings are beter detected than signalization); encourage motor drivers and cyclists to take the right position (keep right, in particular at crossroads and when turning); indicate the right direction with V-shaped stripes; remind to crossing pedestrians to pay attention to contraflow cyclists as well.
16 Title of presentation Yield to trafic coming from the right Give way
17 Contraflow entrance E d i Encourage drivers to keep right
18 Contraflow entrance Make the contraflow entry safer and easier from a main street
19 Contraflow exit Make the contraflow cyclists visible and avoid that drivers would hug a bend
20 Contraflow cycle cle lane Continuous cycle lane can be useful with: multilane ut a eone-way streets; a lot of truck traffic; vehicle speed 50 km/h and cycling route.
21 Crossroads with traffic lights Stop line and light for cyclists contraflow markings along the advanced d stop line
22 Cyclist accidents in "limited" one-way streets or crossroads in Brussels Region (6 districts) Years Analysis area (pop: ) Road network (587.8 km) Limited one-way 15.5% streets (91 km) Road network (3386 street sections) N 21.1% Limited one-way streets (731 sections) Sources : URBIS, Kilometers
23 Cyclist accidents in "limited" one-way streets or crossroads in Brussels Region (6 districts) Years not contraflow cyclist 8 4.8%?? cyclist direction unclear (on the police statement) contraflow cyclist to 4.8% 3 Not in a limited one-way street or crossroads 149 source : NIS + BRSI analysis Total cyclist accidents in limited one-way streets or crossroads 16 97% 9.7% Total cyclist accidents in the whole road network % Great underregistration of vulnerable road users
24 Cyclist accidents in "limited" one-way streets or crossroads in Brussels Region (6 districts) Years ,100 0,090 0,080 0, ,060 0,050 0,040 0,030 0,020 0,010 0,018 0,016 0,014 0,012 0,01 0,008 0,006?? 0,004?? 0,002 0,000 Whole road Limited one- network way street or junction Accident/km of road network/year 0 Whole road Limited one- network way street or junction Accident/section/year
25 Typical accident Motor-driver does not yield to the cyclist priority to the right the day of the accident Recommandation Give right of way to the main road
26 Use of bicycle in Brussels Region Observatory of Cycling in Brussels Region Cyclists counting: 32 h/year (16h in May and 16h in September) , ,5 110,7 122, ,4 89, ,8 50,6 55,2 61, Total cyclists Mean per hour source: Provelo infography: BRSI
27 Cyclist accidents in "limited" one-way streets or crossroads in Antwerp - East (districts of Deurne, Berchem, Borgerhout) # cyclist accidents (years ) Analysis area Whole road network % Population: ± "Limited" one-way street or crossroads (cyclist direction unknown) % Use of bicycle: ±19% of daily trips Not in a limited one-way street or crossroads 1108 Road network km Whole road network ± % "Limited" one-way street or crossroads % source : Police of Antwerp - Thanks to Frank Vangeel
28 Conclusions Limited one-way streets can represent 15 to 20% of an urban road network Limited one-way streets do not seem to be a road safety problem but rather a road safety solution The (quite low) accident risk is concentrated at crossroads A correct road design could reduce this risk
29 Mario Alves
30 Fonte: CML
32 vá de bicla
33 License to kill? A campaign to change the Portuguese Road Code mario alves
34 the campaign
35 letters translation of 12 European road codes technical articles web page petition
36 the proposal
37 fundamental principles speed management age e and traffic calming basic rules additional protection rules
38 fundamental principles speed management age e and traffic calming basic rules additional protection rules
39 sustainable mobility and road safety
40 safety by numbers
41 road code?
43 the heavier yielding to the lighter
44 pedestrian bicycle car lorry
46 the bicycle is a vehicle
47 fundamental principles speed management age e and traffic calming basic rules additional protection rules
48 the concept of street
51 Pedestrian zone Home Zone Strolling Zone Zone 30
55 fundamental principles speed management age e and traffic calming basic rules additional protection rules
56 taking the lane
58 Bicycling Street Smarts, John S. Allen, Rubel BikeMaps, 2001.
59 Bicycling Street Smarts, John S. Allen, Rubel BikeMaps, 2001.
60 crossings yielding
62 fundamental principles speed management age e and traffic calming basic rules additional protection rules
63 overtaking riding side by side group riding
66 priority at crossings bicycle lanes / paths visibility
67 bicycle trailers for passengers bicycle trailers for passengers other protection rules
72 what did we learn?
73 street code Belgium 2004.
74 strict liability makes a person responsible for the damage and loss caused by his/her acts and omissions regardless of culpability.
75 strict liability.the insurance company automatically ti pays damages in collisions between cyclists or pedestrians and motor vehicles, no matter who s at fault
76 education, education, education
77 vá de bicla Some of the photos were collected thought-out the years from internet and were not taken by the author
78 National pro cycling g, legislation, tax regulations and subsidies Velo city 2009 Velo city 2009 Sub plenary 1.4 Pro cycling legislation Brussels 12th May l h Dr Bernhard Ensink ECF Secretary General
79 Examples of pro cycling tax regulations, subsidies and legislation 1) The Netherlands: incentives to cycle to work and re introduction of mandatory bicycle shelters for new houses 2) Germany: subsidyfor greening events and for research on economic impact of bicycle bcycetourism 3) Italy: incentive to buy a new bicycle
80 Dutch incentives for cycling to work Employer may give 0,19 / km for commuting by bike (or work related cycling) tax free Employer may give a new bicycle every three years if the employee ee cycles cles more than 50% of the trips to work
81 Dutch re introduction of mandatory bicycle shelter for new houses current situation: to build bicycle shelters in/at new houses since 2003 no longer mandatory lobby of Fietsersbond (Cyclists association), supported by cities to re introduce the obligation (Main aspect: bicycle theft!) the Dutch government is re introducing this obligation
82 German subsidy for pilot greening the event with cycling The Kirchentag (huge national meeting of members of the protestant church) will be organized as cycling friendly event Report on this greening gthe event can help organizers of big events Relationship to Presto Project (more info about Relationship to Presto Project (more info about Presto project at ECF booth)
83 German subsidy for research on the economic impact of bicycle tourism German government supports collecting facts and figures on cycling tourism ADFC (German cyclists association) is involved in the research
84 Italian incentive to buy a new bicycle In April 21st 2009 officially announced: maximum of 30% of the retail price of a bicycle or e bike (electric bicycle), up to a maximum amount of 700 Euro the agreement signed between major two wheeler dealers in Italy (represented by ANCMA) and the Italian Ministry for the Environment for 2009
85 Thank for your attention! Dr Bernhard Ensink