1 PHYTOCOENOSIS Vol. 4(N.S.) 1992 ARCHIVUM GEOBOTANICUM 3 Warszawa - Bialowieia CRYPTOGAMOUS PLANTS IN THE FOREST COMMUNITIES OF BIALOWEZA NATIONAL PARK Check-list of cryptogamous and seminal plant species recorded during the period on the permanent plot V-100 (Project CR YPTO) Edited by: Janusz B. FALINSKI and Wieslaw MULENKO Authors: A. BUJAKIEWICZ, A. CHLEBICKI, M. CHMIEL, S. CIESLISSKI, K. CZYZEWSKA, J.B. FALINSKI, K. GLANC, Z. GLOWACKI, H. KLAMA, H. KOMOROWSKA, M. LISIEWSKA, T. MAJEWSKI, T. MROZINSKA, W. MULENKO, B. SADOWSKA, A. SKIRG~LO, T. ZA~USKI, J. ZARNOWIEC Summary: "Check-list..." is the first result of team study undertaken within the Programme CRYPT0 in the Bialowieia National Park and planned as an extensive causative-comparative study (see FAL~~SKI 1991). The aim and range of the project concerned the better understanding of the role of cryptogamic plants in the structure of forest communities, with special emphasis on the defining of general variety in all studied groups of cryptogamous plants in relation to forest communities and their structural diversity. Despite the list being just a tiny fragment of the whole research project we have decided to publish it for the three following reasons: 1. The check-list reflects a floristic-ecological releve of all the more important taxonomic groups from one compact forest area (144 ha), chosen on purpose, representative with respect to phytosociological-ecological differentiation, and characterized by good state of preservation of not only the communities, but also the whole environment conditions. 2. Floristecological releve being the basis for the list of species published below was carried out according to the same idea and methodology by specialists in given taxonomical groups, and was done during a relatively short period of time (3 years plus one for supplements). The collected material contains about ecological-floristic data items referring to the conditions of occurrence of species in 6 forest communities of the important groups of cryptogamic plants, and seed plants in the comparative group (Tab. 2). Among the recorded species of cryptogamous plants there are taxa found for the first time in the Bialowieia Forest and in Poland, as well as species newly described for science (among them fungi and aerophytic algae). The richness of forms and their relations with the differentiation of forest communities and diversity of ecological niches as well preserved entire forest environment turned out to be so great and diverse as to surpass all the expectations. Key words: Biodiversity; Forest community structure; Cryptogamous species; Pteridophyta; Bryopsida; Hepaticopsida; Lichenes; Fungi; Myxomycetes; Aerophytic Algae.
2 INTRODUCTION 1.1. The purpose of the report "Check-list..." is the first result of team study undertaken within the Programme CRYPT0 in the Bialowieia National Park (Figs. 1, 2, 3) and planned as an extensive causative-comparative study (see FALINSKI 1991). Despite the list being just a tiny fragment of the whole research project we have decided to publish it for the three following reasons: 1. The check-list reflects a floristicecological relev6 of all the more important taxonomic groups from one compact forest area, chosen on purpose, representative with respect to phytosociological-ecological differentiation, and characterized by good state of preservation of not only the communities, but also the whole environment conditions. 2. Florist-ecological relev6 being the basis for the list of species published below was carried out according to the same idea and methodology (FALINSKI 1991) by specialists in given taxonomical groups, and was done during a relatively short period of time (3 years plus one for supplements). Despite the omission of some groups of species due to the lack of specialists or their inability to join the project at a proper time, the check-list us a sufficiently abundant and representative document informing of the current floral richness and diversity of the last lowland primeval forests in Europe. Stressing the current status of the data has its purpose for investigators who will be using our source of information. Namely, due to the increasing anthropogenic effects, even in a forest area such as the Bialowieza Forest, considered so far a refugium for primeval flora ana fauna, the disappearance of certain forms has been observed. Such has been the case of a rich inventory of lichen, as found in racently completed studies (CIESLIN- SKI, TOBOLEWSKI 1988, CIESLINSKI, CZY~EWSKA 1991). Still, the check-list of species published here, as a result of recent studies, contains a significant number of species mentioned for the first time for the Bialowieza Forest, the flora of Poland, or even for Europe. The list also includes species described for science for the first time. The analysis and evaluation of the check-list from this point of view will be done in the proper rr,dnograph. 3. "The check-list of species...", even though only a small part of a large and extensively planned ecological monograph, does form a basis for all expected comparative and causative-comparative studies (compare a draft of synthesis: FALINSKI 1991) The origin of the study and its participants The information given below concerns the studies realized in the years , and started as a result of two successive geobotanic symposia which took place'in Warsaw: XVI on 6th December 1986 and XVII on 17th January 1987 on 'The role of cryptogamous species in the communities of high plants, their origin, structure, dynamics and function". The symposia were attended by the invited specialists in cryptogamic plants, members of the Sections of Briology, Lichenology, Mycology and Fycology of the Polish Botanical Society (FALIN- SKI 1991). An idea to undertake a team study in one area based on common general outline and unified methodology germinated during the lively discussions at both symposia. The Bialowieza National Park was a unanimous choice. Under such circumstances the representative of the Bialowieia Geobotanical Station of Warsaw University, J.B. FA- LINSKI presented a possible area for this kind of study. It is one of the permanent plots of the Bialowieia Geobotanical Station. The value of the chosen area for the-planned study was not only based on the fact of well preserved forest community, but also on its rich diversity (Figs. 1,2,3). Within this area there are six most important forest communities of the Bialowieza Forest, covering almost the whole floristic-phytosociological and ecological differentiation. The choice was seen as even more appropriate than any other due to the existance of full description and well documented cartography and phytosociology of this fragment of the forest provided by earlier studies (FALINSKI 1977, 1986, RIJKEN 1976, KOSINSKI 1980). General outline and methodology of the study as well as the rules for cooperation with the Bialowieza Geobotanical Station were discussed and established in the spring 1987 at a special meeting in Warsaw and during the initial inspection of the study area in the Bialowieza National Park. At this time the actual declaration of cooperation was obtained from the potential participants in the study. Only two persons withdrew from the study, both from objective reasons, before and at the beginning of the programme. The project has been carried on since 1987 in the Bialowieza Geobotanical Station of Warsaw University as a team study with the participation of 16 specialists from Warsaw, Krakbw, Lublin, Poznan, todi, Wroclaw, Torun, Siedlce and Kielce (ref.: the list of authors provided at the end of the report). The general management and organization of the project belonged to J.B. FALINSKI.
3 Tilio- Carpine tut71 Carici rlonsqcrt~~e- Alnetw7i Pino- Quercetutn Qurrco- Piceerunz swamp localisation of the phytosociological records , subdivision of the forest section in squares.... of about 1 ha Fig. 1. Location of study area and vegetation map ofpermanent plot no 100 in the Bialowieza National Park (forest compartment 256) Source of vegetation map: M. RUKEN (1976). - 3
4 Tilio-- Carpineturn Ficar~o- Ulmetum Circaeo - Alnetum Potentillo albae- -Quercetum Pino - Quercetum Querco - Piczetum Sphagno girgensohnil -P~ceetum Cladonlo -Pineturn Peucedano- Pinetum, Molinio -'Pineturn D Carici elongatae- -Quercetum Caric~ elongatae -Alneturn Solicetum pentandro- -cinereae rn r tree layers Sal~cetum albo- Salicetum triandro-,.,. coverage.shrub layer ;herb layer (I~chen-) rno: ;s layer 100% Fig 2. Comparison of verti* structure (layering) of natural forest and brush communities of Biaiowieia Forest. A -deciduous farest B -mixed forests, spruce-pine forestsand raised bog, C -bog alder forest and willow brush, D - willow riverside alluvial fores and brush. Height of herb layer and moss layer (lichen-moss) exaggerated on diagrams. Source: J.B. FALINSKI (1986).
5 1.3. The aim and range of the study The aim and range of the project concerned the better understanding of the role of cryptogamic plants in the structure of forest communities, with special emphasis on the defining of general variety in all studied groups of cryptogamous plants in relation to forest commuqities and their structural diversity Bialowieia Forest as study area The Bialowieia Primeval Forest (1250 km 2 ) lies' within the range of the mixed forest zone, but the increasingly continental-boreal climate gradually favours the presence of plant and animal species adapted to the shorter vegetation season, severe winters and prolonged persistence of the snow cover. These conditions, explain the occurrence of Western of West or Central European plant and animal species in plant communities characteristic of the boreo-continental region of Eastern Europe. The Bialowieia Forest differs from West European forests above all by the absence of the beech, and from the adjacent Eastern European forests, by the abundance and large portion of the oak Quercus robur and hornbeam in the structure of forest communities. The Bialowieia Forest is related to the forests of north-eastern Europe by the consistent presence of spruce in nearly all types of forest and its particular role in the structure and dynamics of forest communities of this regioh. The biogeographically transitional character of the Bidowieia Primeval Forest corresponds to the specific conditions of the boreal-nemoral zone distinguished on the European continent by some authors (LAVRENKO 1947, SOCAVA 1956, QJORS 1963, FALINSKI 1986). When going from the Polish lowland, that is west of the Bialowieia forest in the direction of the territory of Byelorussia and Lithuania, the flora and vegetation gradually changes, thus displayin the bridge-character of this zone in respect to the nemoral and boreal zones proper. In the Bialowieia region rather numerous groups of species, particularly with a western distribution, attain the absolute limit of their occurrence. All types of forest communities possible in the given geographical situation can be found in the Bidowieia forest. Nortwithstanding its relatively small surface area a great weath and diversity of the flora, vegetation and fauna is displayed. This is amanifestation of the high fertility of a part of the habitats and partly of the specific geographical situation of the habitats and partly of the specific geographical situation of the Bidowieia forest as well as of the good state of preservation of its most important ecosystems. The basic phytosociologicalecological differentiation of the primary forest vegetation in the Bidowieia Forest is similar to that which existed in the past as far as may be inferred from habitat-differentiation, the character of the anthropogenic vegetation and the preserved forest relicts. The central-westem part of the Forest is separated from a larger tract of meso-eutropic deciduous forests (Tilio-Carpinetwn), which once prevailed on the nowadays completely denuded Bielsk Plain. Associated with the sand plain fresh pine forest (Peucedano-Pinetum) and meso-oligotrophic mixed coniferous forest (Pino-Quercetum) those forests prevailing in the northern, western and southern part of the forest complex had, and even still have, a prolongation, in the adjacent parts of the Prepolesie Plain. The extrazonal forest communities (thermop hilous oak forest - Potentillo albae-quercetwn) dispersed throughout the Forest and the azonal ones such as floodplain forest (Circaeo-Alnetwn, Ficario-Umetwn) and bog forests (Carici elongatae-alnetwn, s.str. = Ribo nigri-alnetwn, Vaccinio uliginosi-pinetwn) occur as preserved fragments on the already deforested foreground. The difference in the vegetation of the Bidowieia Primeval Forest as compared with that of the adjoining regions in the southern and eastern parts of the Prepolesie Plain may be defined as: (1) a smaller portion of flood-plain and bog elements specific to valleys or basins of large rivers such as the Bug, Narew and Jasiolda; (2) a smaller portion of xerothermic and psammophilous elements associated with greathy exposed valley edges, kame areas or larger sand stretches. The Bialowieia National Park is the oldest among 17 national parks in Poland. Since 1921 it has protected the best preserved forest ecosystems. In reideforested valleys of two border rivers the Narewka and Hwoina were also included in the park. The park area equals 47 km 2, i.e. 8% of the Polish part and 3.5% of the whole forest. Half of the park area is covered with meso-eutrophic deciduous forest (Tilio-Carpinetwn) with old multilayered treestand. The whole scale of ecological-phytosociological variability is represented here. Apart from continental species like Ranunculus cassubicus, Galiwn schultesii, Carex pilosa the presence of mid-west-european species, such as Galiwn odoratwn, Dentaria bulbifera, Festuca altissima, Hordelymus europaeus is prominent. The community described is preserved in the zonal spatial complex typical of the postglacial European lowland. The complex consists of: - the community of streamside floodplain forest Circaeo-Alnetum; - the community of meso-oligotrophic mixed forest Pino-Quercetwn;
6 1 scale of trophism I 1 I ~utrophic so( Mesotrophic soils Oligotrophic soils 1 / Tilio-Carpinetum 1 T-C calamagrostietosum Brown soils Ao;A,- (B) -C, loams'or cloys T-C typicum Groy brown soils (lessive s.) A,-A,-A,-A3g-gBt-C sands or sarq (barns!oanis or clqs T-C stach.;t-c coryd. 1 Brown lev soils 1 Pino -Quercetum Potentillo al bae-querc. Iron pan soils Peucedano- Pinetum Podzols Ao-A,-AyB-C - sands V).- 0 E Ficario-Ulmetum Black earths (Ao)-A,-.4,G-E Querco -Piceetum Muck sorls Molinio- Pinetum GIey podzols '4 o- (A,) 74,- Bh-BF~ CG sanas - a, 3 Circaeo-Alnetum Anmoor soils A,t-& mlnec-org. Mesotrophic mire-gley bog soils Vaccinio uliginosi-pinetum Oligorrophic bog-gley soils Ao-3-DG hgh peat u a, O, Carici elongatae-alnetum L a, - Lowmoor pear soils Sphagno girg.-piceetum Transrtronol bog soils Sphagnetum medio-rubelli ~inetosum Raised bog sorls I Fig. 3. Relation between main forest communities of Biaiowieia Forest and genetic soil types. Source: 2. PRUSINKIEWICZ & A. KOWALKOWSKI (1964): 2. PRU~NKIEWICZ & N. UTENKOVA (~sct.) modified - the comniunity of fresh pine forest Peucedano-Pinetwn. The bog alder forest (Carici elongatae-alnetwn) and the moist mixed oak-spruce forest (Querco-Piceetwn) occurs in the terrain depressions with variable water table. Outside the Bialowieza Forest such a community sequence is seldom to be encountered because the former was replaced by grassland, while the latter - by farmland and settlements, thus only the last two remain The methodology of field study The study was carried on a research permanent plot of the Bidowieia Geobotanical Station of Warsaw University (V-100) in the northern part of the Bialowieza National Park (section 256 of 154 ha area, including about 144 ha of forest surface; Fig. 1) with fixed division into 1 ha squares. The nature of the study was to come up with a precise floristicecological relevk of each plot. Thus it required collecting all possible information about the conditions of consecutive appearance of all
7 species of cryptogamous plants.* A special form was each time used to specify the following: in which forest community a specific species occurred, how frequently and on what substratum, while in case of epiphytic species and parasites it was also necessary to name the host species (insects, trees, flowers, other species of mushrooms). Necessary herbarium materials for all taxonomic forms, especially the critical ones, were collected by proper specialists A brief characterization of computer database The first organizational meeting of all persons declearing their participation in the "CRYPTO" project, the first field expedition and initial presentation of the suggested research methodology showed all participants the enormous richness and variety of the living forms which were to be the subject of the project. It seemed a natural and obvious necessity to work out a uniform method of relevt and interpretation of the data describing the location and the manner of occurrence of registered organisms. Thus, during consecutive discussions a "form" of register was produced, identical for all studied groups of plants (Tab. 1). This form became a standard data item containing the information about the results of the studies. Already the first relevts, even fragmentary, but eventually also final descriptions of some studied groups, pointed out to another clearly growing problem of handling the great amount of the collected data. Next step became necessary in order to logically collect and unify great amounts of diverse, sometimes fragmentary, material. Thus a computer was introduced to the project. A program was written to adapt to the needs, amounts and sizes of the acquired data. For the analysis the standard database program DB3PLUS was applied, while the structure of the database was prepared through the already mentioned relev6 form to which several supplementary items were added. The composition of the database for the CRYPTO research project is presented below. This method turned out to be quite sufficient to carry on initially planned unity and analysis of the acquired data. The structure of the database project "CRYPTO": I. TAXONOMIC GROUP 2. NUMBER OF THE SQUARE 3. THE DATA OF THE COLLECTION 4. THE NAME OF THE SPECIES 5. FREQUENCY (1-3) 6. COMMUNITY (1-6) For Myxomyceles and Aerophytic Algae data not completed (researches were no1 finished) 7. TERRAIN MICROFORMS (I -1 2) 8. SUBSTRATE (1-26) 9. COMMENTS 10. AUTHORS The basic information unit in the computer database was the record in which all pieces of information were contained concerning the occurrence of a certain species in a given square, written down in a numerical form in consecutive fields. Maximum number of records concerning such species does not exceed 144, that is it equals the number of delimited research squares. An elementary unit characterizing the size of the database is the number summing up all the records reffering to the species representing a given group. "CRYPTO" database contains records characterizing the occurrence of species belonging to seven groups of organisms: aerophytic algae, fungi, lichens, the liverworts, mosses, pteridophytes and seminal plants The rules of compiling the check-list All species found as a result of study on the permanent area V-100 were collected into proper taxonomic groups, while in the case of fungi they were assigned to orders. Inside each group particular species wereput in the alphabetical order. Taxons lower than species were omitted. Imperfect forms of fungi which were found were repeated on proper lists, irrelevant from their placement on the list of perfect forms. The list of proper taxonomic descriptions which were the basis to identify the species and accept the naming are to be found under proper part of "Check-list of... species...". In the case of the lists of species of fungi at the end of each order bibliographical footnotes were added to the complete bibliography provided at the end. Lichen were treated separately as a group of lichen-like fungi. The group of arboreal aerophytic algae is partly lacking in uniformity with respect to taxonomy. The list of species of Myxomycetes is incomplete as a result of breaking the study in the first year. Thus the list of Myxomycetes in its present form will not be a subject for future comparative and causativecomparative studies Lnitial results of the study 1. The collected material contains about ecological-floristic data items referring to the conditions of occurrence in 6 forest communities of the following groups of cryptogamic plants, and seed plants in the comparative group (Tab. 2). 2. Among the recorded species of cryptogamous plants there are taxa found for the first time in the Bialowieza Forest and in Poland, as well as
8 I Fungi total number of recorded specles / 1 square (=l ha)
9 I1 Fungi number of recorded species/ 1 sqclare (=l ha) > Fig. 4. Number or species recorded on the all I-ha squares of permanent plot. I - total number of fungi species; I1 - individual number or rungi species recorded by particular mycologists. Source: orig. elab. by J.B. FAL~SKI & W. MIRENKO
10 species newly described for science (among them fungi and aerophytic algae). 3. The richness of forms and their relations with the differentiation of forest communities and diversity of ecological niches as well preserved entire forest environment turned out to be so great and diverse as to surpass all the expectations. 4. New examples of co-existence were found concerning host-parasite relations, among them such as flower-fungus, insect-fungus, insect-fungus-fungus, etc., as well as discharges of various animal feces-fungys. 5. Very numerous material, particularly concerning lichen, bryophytes and aerophytical algae, indicates strong connections of many forms with tree bark and the phases of wood decay, and, generally, particular importance of epiphytism and, until now, little known forms of parasitism and saprophytism. 6. The species of all cryptogamic plants turned out to be very sensitive indicators of changes taking place in the ecotones of forest communities Final comments The propely formulated aim of the project, exceptionally well prepared study area and the commitment of the many researchers assured the success to the whole undertaking in its initial phase of collection and analysis of the study material. The character and amount of the data collected so far guarantee unique cognitive value of the project. This statement concerns particularly the way in which cryptogamic plants relate to synusial diversity of forest communities and niches in the forest ecosystem. Important findings concern the specificity and uniqueness of the ecotone, that is the area between forest communities. The phenomenon of ecotone, so far described only on the basis of the behaviour of high plants, has acquired more universal characterization due to the inclusion of cryptogamous plants in research. The discussion and synthesis of these results will be the subject of the next monograph. Acknowledgments The initiators of the project and the authors of this report would like to thank all participants of the study for their active part in all the phases of the floristic - phytosociological record and their strenuous and responsible work on the check-list and its edition. The work over the initial arrangement of the material concerning fungi - the group most difficult and numerous in species - was supervisied by prof. Alina SKIRGIELLO. The collected arranged material was then transformed into computer database according to the program prepared and supervised by dr Wieshw MIRENKO, with the participation of dr Barbara SAD~WSKA and the staff of Bialowieia Geobotanical Station of Warsaw University. The Database will form the basis for wide and thorough analysis and synthsis of the collected material. Persons other than authors and editorts participated in some phases of the project: Jozef KACZOR, MSc (Lublin) was most helpful in offering advice how to further use the database. Staff members of the Bialowieia Geobotanical Station, Ms Halina KOSC~ELECKA and Ms Alicja WIKTORUK, cooperated with dr W. MIRENKO, the organizer of the computer database and the authors of appriopriatq parts of the check-list. The final critical review of the check-list was done by prof. dr Wladyslaw WOJEWODA (Krakow), while the final editorial proofreading was done by one of the participants in the project - prof. Tomasz MAJEWSKI. Ornamental elements were prepared by prof. dr A. SKIR- GIEUO (Warsaw) and dr A. CHLEBICKJ (Wroclaw). The final layout of the check-list and the introductory text was prepared by Ms Halina KOSCIELECKA, with some advice from Andrzej ANTCZAK, eng. The columns were put together by Ms Irena WOLKOWYCKA. Janusz B. FALINSKI & WESLAW MULENKO BATKO A., SADOWSKA B. (mscr.). Opracowanie numeryczne populacji grzybow w wybranych zbiorowiskach lehych Bialowieskiego Parku Nardowego.-- BUJAKIEWCZ A., Macrofungi in the alder and alluvial forests in various parts of Europa and North America.- Opera Botanica 100.2: CHLEBICKI A., 1991 a. Notes on Pyrenomycetes and Coelomycetes (Fungi) from Poland.-- Pol. Bot,. Stud. 2: J~-ILEBICKI A., 1991b. Notes on Pyrenomycetes and Coelomycetes from Poland I.- Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 60.2: CHLEBICKI A., 1992a. Preliminary studies on microfungi from decaying stems of Calamagrostis arundinacea in natural habitats. I. List of species.- Pol. Bot. Stud. 3.(in print) CHLEBICKI A., 1992b. Preliminary studies on microfungi from decaying stems of Calamagrostis arundinacea in natural habitats. 11. The spatial distribution of microfungi. Pol. Bot. Stud. 3. (in print) CHLEBICKI A., Coetus Mycologorum Poloniae. Tom. I. lcones M ycologorum. - Wiad. Bot. (in print). REFERENCES CHMIEL M.A., SADOWSKA B., Grzyby koprofilne w zbiorowiskach IeSnych Bialowieskiego Parku Nardowe- go.- Fragm. Flor. Geobot. (in print) CI ESLINSKI S., TOBOLEWSKI Z., Porosty (Lichenes) Puszczy Bialowieskiej i jej zachodniego przedpo1a.- Lichens (Lichenes) of the Bialowieia Forest and its western foreland. Phytocoenosis 1, Suppl. Cartogr. Geobot. 1 : ~CKSL~SKI S., C-WSKA K., Threatened lichens in Poland and their conservation.- -- Veriiff. Geobot. Inst. ETH, Stiftung Riibel, Ziirich, 106: CIESL~~SKI S.,CZY~?WSKAK., GLANCK., Resources of lichens at the Bialowieia National Park (NE Poland) and their changes.--- Veriiff. Geobot. Inst. ETH, Stiftung Rdbel, Ziirich, 107: (in print). CZY~EWSKA K., CLESLMSKI S., Problemy zagrozenia porostow w Po1sce.- Problems of threatened lichenized fungi in Poland.- Wiad. Bot. 36(1): 5-17.
11 FALI~~SKI J.B., Research on vegetation and plant population dynamics conducted by Bialowieia Geobotanical Station of the Warsaw University in the Bialowieia Primeval Forest and in the environ ( ).- Phytocoenosis 6.112: FALINSKI J.B., Vegetation dynamics in temperate lowland primeval forests.- Geobotany 8: Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, Lancaster. FALI~~SKI J.B., Program CRYPTO: RoSliny zarodnikowe w zbiorowiskach IeSnych Bialowieskiego Parku Narodowego.- Phytocoenosis 3, Semin. Geobot. 1: Kosfis~~K., 1980, mscr. Biotycme czynniki rotnicujqce rollinnosc dna lasu. Praca magisterska, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Warszawa-Bialowieza, 69 pp. + mapa. LAVRENKO E.M., ed., Geobotaniteskoe rajonirovanie SSSR.- Trudy Komisii po estestvennoistoricekomu rajonirovaniju SSSR OMAJEWSKI T., The genus Siemaszkoa (Fungi, Laboulbeniales) in Poland.- Polish Bot. Stud. 2: OMROZINSKA T., Two new taxa of Trentepohlia (Trentepofiliales) and a noteworthy species Tetracystis sarcinalis Schwarz (Chlorococcales) from Bialowieia National Park.- Nova Hedwigia : MULENKO W., Wstepne uwagi o pasoiqtniczych Deuteromycetes Puszczy Biaiowieskiej.- [Previous remarks on parasiticdeuteromycetes of Bialowieta Forest].-Materialy 48 Zjazdu Pol. Tow. Bot: OMULENKO W., Dalsze uwagi o pasotytniczych Deuteromycetes w zbiorowiskach leinych Puszczy Bialowieskiej.- [Following remarks on parasitic Deuteromycetes in forest communities of Bialowieia Forest].- 49 Zjazd Pol. Tow. Bot.; RoSlina a'cziowiek: PRUS~WICZZ., KOWALKOWSKI A., Studia glebomawcze w Bialowieskim Parku Narodowym- Roczniki Glebomawcze 15: RUKEN M., Comparison of three maps of natural forest vegetation obtained by different methods.- Phytocoenosis 5.2: SJORSS., Amphi-Atlantic zonation Nemoral to Arctic. In: A. Ldve & D. Ldve, eds., North Atlantic biotop and their history: Oxford. S~CAVA V.B., Viedenie v obzor rastitel'nogo pokrova SSSR na osnove GeobotaniEeskoj Karty m: 1: In: Rastitel'nyj pokrov SSSR. T. 1: l Papers realised in the project CRYPTO Tab. 1. Form of floristic-ecological field releve (a form for everyone square and every taxonomic group) Systematic I- groups Tab. 2a. Database Number of recorded species Number of records in database Authors Tab. 2b. Author participation in Fungi researche Number of collected species Number of studied aquares Number of records in database Spermatophyta Pteridophyta Bryopsida Hepaticopsida Lichenes Fungi (+ M yxomycetes) Aerophyiic algae Total: BUJAKIEWICZ A. CHLEBICKI A. CHMIEL M. LISIEWSKA M. MAJEWSKI T. MULENKO W. SADOWSKA B. SKIRGIEUO A
12 PHYTOCOENOSIS Vol. 4(N.S.) 1992 ARCHIVUM GEOBOTANICUM 3 Warszawa - Bidowieia CRYPTOGAMOUS PLANTS IN THE FOREST COMMUNITIES OF BIALOWIEkA NATIONAL PARK Check-list of cryptogamous and seminal plant species recorded during the period on the permanent plot V-100 (Project CR YPTO) edited by JB. FAL~~SKI and W. ML~ENKO 11. CHECK-LIST OF RECORDED SPECIES SPERMATHOPHYTA Z. GLOWACKI & T. ZALUSKI Picea - abies (L.) KARSTEN Pinus - sylvestris L. GYMNOSPERMAE ANGIOSPERMAE Acer - platanoides L. Actaea - spicata L. Adoxa - moschatellina L. Aegopodium - podagraria L. Agrostis - canina L. - tenuis SIBTH. (A. vulgaris WITH.) - stolonifera L. Ajuga - reptans L. Alisma - plantago-aquatica L. Allium - ursinum L. Alnus - glutinosa (L.) GAERTN. Alopecurus - aequalis SOBOL. Anemone - nemorosa L. - ranunculoides L. Angelica - sylvestris L. Anthoxanthum - odoratum (L.) P. B. Arnica - montana L. Asarum - europaeum L. Betula - pendula ROTH - pubescens EHRH. Bidens - tripartita L. Brach ypodium - sylvaticum (Hu~s.) P. B. Bromus - benekenii (LANGE) TRIMEN Calamagrostis - arundinacea (L.) ROTH - canescens (WEBER) ROTH - epigejos (L.) ROTH Calla - palustris L. Callitriche - cophocarpa SENDTNER Calluna - vulgaris (L.) HULL Caltha - palustris L. agg. Campanula - rotundifolia L. Cardaxnine - amara L. - bulbifera (L.) CRANTZ - flexuosa WITH. - impatiens L. - palustris (W. et GR.) PETERM. - pratensis L. Carex - acuta L. (C. gracilis CURTIS)
13 Carex - acutiformis EHRH. - appropinquata SCHUMACHER - cespitosa L. - curta GOOD. (C. canescens L.) - digitata L. - echinata MURRAY - elata ALL. = ehgata L. - ericetorum POLLICH - lasiocarpa EHRH. - loliacea L. - montana L. - nigra (L.) REICHARD (C. fusca BELL. et ALL.) - ovalis GOOD. (C. leporina L.) - pallescens L. - paniculata L. - pilosa SCOP. - pilulifera L. - pseudocyperus L. - remota L. - riparia CURTIS - rostrata STOKES - sylvatica Hms. - vesicaria L. Carpinus - betulus L. Chaerophyllum - hirsutum L. Chamaecytisus - cfr. ruthenicus (F1scH.e~ WOL.) KLASK. Chelidonium - majus L. Chimaphila - umbellata (L.) BARTON Chr ysosplenium - alternifolium L. Cicuta - virosa L. Circaea - alpha L. - intermedia EHRH. - lutetiana L. Cirium - oleraceum (L.) SCOP. - palustre (L.) SCOP. - rivulare (JAcQ.) ALL. mopodium - vulgare L. Convallaria - majalis L. Cornus - sanguinea L. Cor ydalis - solida (L.) CLAIRV. Corylus - avellana L. Crepis - paludosa (L.) MOENCH Dactylis - polygama HORVATOVSZY Dactylorhiza - fuchsii (DRUCE) So6 Daphne - mezereum L. Deschampsia - cespitosa (L.) P. B. - flexuosa (L.) TRIN. Elyrnus - caninus (L.) L. (Agropyron caninum (L.) P. B.) Epilobium - angustifolium L. - hirsutum L. - montanum L. - palustre L. - parviflorum SCHREBER - roseum SCHREBER Epipactis - helleborine (L.) CRANTZ. Eriophorum - angustifolium HONCK. - vaginatum L. Euonymus - europaeus L. - verrucosus SCOP. Eupatorium - cannabinum L. Festuca - altissima ALL. - gigantea (L.) VILL. - ovina L. Filipendula - ulmaria (L.) MAXIM. Fragaria - vesca L. Frangula - alnus MILL. Fraxinus - excelsior L. Gagea - lutea (L.) KER.-GAWLER - minima (L.) KER.-GAWLER Galeopsis - bifida BOENN. - pubescens BESSER - tetrahit L. Galium - aparine L. - elongatum C. PRESL - odoraturn (L.) SCOP. - palustre L. - schultesii VEST Genista - tinctoria L.
14 Geranium - robertianum L. Geum - rivale L. - urbanum L. Glechoma - hederacea L. - hirsuta W. et K. Glyceria - fluitans (L.) R. BR. Goody era - repens (L.) R. BR. Hedera - helix L. Hepatica - nobilis SCHREBER Hieracium - caespitosum DUM. - murorum L. - pilosella L. - umbellatum L. - vulgatum FRIES (H. lachenalii GMELIN) HierochloE - australis (SCHRADER) R. et SCH. Holcus - mollis L. Hordelymus - europaeus (L.) JESSEN ex HARZ Hottonia - palustris L. Humulus - lupulus L. Hypericum - perforatum L. Impatiens - noli-tangere L. Lris - pseudacorus L. Isopyrum - thalictroides L. Juncus - effusus L. Lamiastrum - galeobdolon (L.) EHRENDF. et POLATSCHEK Lapsana - cornmunis L. Lathraea - squamaria L. Lathyrus - vernus (L.) BERNH. Ledum - palustre L. Lemna - minor L. - trisulca L. Leontodon - autumnalis L. Lilium - martagon L. Luzula - luzuloides (LAMK.) DANDY et WILMOIT (I,. nemorosa (POLL.) E. MEYER) - multiflora (RETz.) LEJ. - pallescens Sw. - pilosa (L.) WILLD. Lychnis - flos-cuculi L. Lycopus - europaeus L. Lysimachia - nummularia L. - thyrsiflora L. - vulgaris L. Lythrum - salicaria L. Maianthemum - bifolium (L.) F. W. SCHMIDT Malus - sylvestris MILL. Melampyrum - nemorosum L. - pratense L. Melica - nutans L. Melittis - melissophyllum L. Mentha - aquatica L. - amensis L. - x verticillata L. Mercurialis - perennis L. Milium - effusum L. Moehringia - trinenia (L.) CLAIRV. Molinia - caerulea (L.) MOENCH Moneses - uniflora (L.) A. GRAY Monotropa - hypopitys L. Mycelis - muralis (L.) D m. Myosotis - scorpioides L. emend. HILL Myosoton - aquaticum (L.) MOENCH Neottia - nidus-avis (L.) L. C. RICHARD Nuphar - lutea (L.) SM. Oenanthe - aquatica (L.) POIRET
15 Orthilia - secunda (L.) HOUSE Oxalis - acetosella L. Paris - quadrifolia L. Peucedanum - oreoselinum (L.) MOENCH - palustre (L.) MOENCH Phalaris - arundinacea L. Phragmites - australis (CAV.) TRIN. ex STEUDEL Platanthera - bifolia (L.) L. C. RICHARD Poa - annua L. - nemoralis L. - palustris L. - remota FORSELLES - trivialis L. Polygonatum - multinorum (L.) ALL. - odoratum (MILL.) DRUCE Poly gonum - hydropiper L. - minus HUDS. - mite SCHRANK Polypodium - vulgare L. Populus - tremula L. Potentilla - erecta (L.) MUSCHEL - palustris (L.) SCOP. (Comarum palustre L.) Prunella - vulgaris L. Prunus - padus L. Pteridium - aquilinum (L.) KUHN Pulmonaria - obscuka Dm. Pyrola - cfr. minor L. Pyrus - pyraster BURGSDORF Quercus - robur L. Ranunculus - auricomus L. - cassubicus L. - ficaria L. - langinosus L. - Lingua L. - repens L. Ribes - nigrurn L. Ribes - spicatum ROBSON (R. schlechtendalii LANGE) Rorippa - amphibia (L.) BESSER Rubus - caesius L. - idaeus L. - nessensis W. HALL (R. suberectus ANDERSON) - saxatilis L. Rumex - acetosa L. - acetosella L. - obtusifolius L. - sanguineus L. Salix - aurita L. - caprea L. - cinerea L. Sambucus - racemosa L. Sanicula - europaea L. Scirpus - sylvaticus L. Scorzonera - humilis L. Scrophularia - nodosa L. - umbrosa DUM. (S. alata GILIB.) Scutellaria - galericulata L. Senecio - paludosus L. - sylvaticus L. Sium - latifolium L. Solanum - dulcamara L. Solidago - virgaurea L. Sonchus - anensis L. Sorbus - aucuparia L. emend. HEDL. Sparganium - erectum L. emend. RCHB. - minimum WALLR. Stachys - officinalis (L.) TREVISAN - palrlstris L. - sylvatica L. Stellaria - alsine GRIMM ex HOFFMANN (S. uliginosa MURR.) - holostea L. - media (L.) VILL. - nemorum L. - palustris RETZ.
16 Stratiotes - aloides L. Symphytum - officinale L. Taraxacum - officinale WEB. agg. Tilia - cordata MILL. Trientalis - europaea L. Trifolium - lupinaster L. - medium L. Tussilago - farfara L. T Y P ~ ~ - latifolia L. Ulmus - glabra Hms. emend. Moss (U. scabra MILL.) Urtica - dioica L. Vaccinium - myrtillus L. - vitis-idaea L. Veronica - anagallis-aquatica L. - beccabunga L. Veronica - chamaedrys L. - longifolia L. - officinalis L. - scutellata L. Viburnum - opulus L. Vicia - sepium L. - sylvatica L. - tetrasperma (L.) SCHREBER Viola - canina L. - epipsila LEDEB. (incl. V. x ruprechtiana BORB.) - rnirabilis L. - palustris L. - reichenbachiana JORDAN ex BOR. - riviniana RCHB. Viscum - album L. References: Twrm T.G. et al Flora Europaea, I - V.--- Univ. Press, Cambridge. R~HMALER W., SCHUBERT R., VENT W., Exkursionsflora fir die Gebiek der DDR und der BRD. Bd. 4, Kritischer Band, 7 Aun. Volk und Wissen Volkseigener Verlag. Berlin, 81 1 pp. PTERIDOPHYTA T. ZALUSKI & Z. GLOWACKI Athyrium - filix-femina (L.) ROTH Dryopteris - carthusiana (VILL.) H. P. FUCHS - dilatata (HOFFM.) A. GRAY - filix-mas (L.) SCHOTT Equisetum - arvense L. - fluviatile L. emend. EHRH. - palustre L. - pratense EHRH. - sylvaticum L. Gymnocarpium - dryopteris (L.) NEWMAN (Phegopteris dryopteris (L.) FEB) Huperzia - selago (L.) C. F. P. MARTINS Lycopodium - annotinum L. - clavatum L. Thelypteris - palustris SCHOTT (Dryopteris thelypteris (L.) A. GRAY) - phegopteris (L.) SLOSSON (Phegopteris polypodioides FEB) References: TWIN T.G. et al Flora Europaea, I - Univ. Press, Cambridge. R~HMALER W., SCHUBERT R., VENT W, Exkursionsflora fir die Gebiek der DDR und der BRD. Bd. 4, Kritischer Band, 7 Aufl. Volk und Wissen Volkseigener Verlag. Berlin, 81 1 pp.
17 r PHYTOCOENOSIS Vol. 4(N.S.) 1992 ARCHIVUM GEOBOTANICUM 3 Warszawa - Bialowieza CRYPTOGAMOUS PLANTS IN THE FOREST COMMUNITIES OF BIALOWIE~ NATIONAL PARK Check-list of cryptogamous and seminal plant species recorded during the period on the permanent plot V-100 (Project CR YPTO) edited by J.B. FuMsr and W. MULENKO BRYOPSIDA J. ZARNOWIEC Amblystegium - serpens (HEDw.) B. S. G. - varium (HEDw.) LINDB. Anomodon - attenuatus (HEDw.) HUEB. - longifolius (BRID.) C. J. HARTM. - viticulosus (HEDw.) HOOK et TAYL. Antitrichia - curtipendula (HEDw.) BRID. Atrichum - undulatum (HEDw.) P. BEAUV. Aulacomnium - palustre (HEDw.) SCHWAEGR. Brachythecium - curtum (LINDB.) LIMPR. - reflexum (STARKE) B. S. G. - rutabulum (HEDw.) B. S. G. - salebrosum (WEB. et MOHR) B. S. G. - velutinum (HEDw.) B. S. G. Bryum - flaccidum BRID. - pseudotriquetrum (HEDw.) GAERTN. Buxbaumia - aphylla HEDW. Callicladium - haldanianum (GREv.) CRUM Calliergon - cordifolium (HEDw.) KJNDB. - stramineum (BRID.) KIND Calliergonella - cuspidata (HEDw.) LOESKE Cmpylium - stellatum (HEDw.) C. JENS. Ceratodon - purpureuc (HEDw.) BRID. Cirriphyllum - piliferum ~IEDW.) GROUT CLimacium - dendroides (HEDw.) WEB. et MOHR. Dicranella - ceniculata (HEDw.) SCHIMP. - heteromaua (HEDw.) SCHIMP. Dicranum - fuscescens TURN. - polysetum SW. - scoparium HEDW. - spurium HEDW. Drepanocladus - fluitans (HEDw.) WARNST. - polycarpos (VOIT) WARNST. - uncinatus (HEDw.) WARNST. Eurhynchium - angustirete (BROTH.) KOP. - hians (HEDw.) SANDE LAC - pulchellum (HEDw.) JENN. - striatum (HEDw.) SCHIMP. Fissidens - taxifolius HEDW. Funaria - hy grometrica HED W. Herzogiella - seligeri (BRID.) IWATS. Homalia - trichomanoides (HEDw.) B. S. G. Homalothecium - sericeum (HEDw.) B. S. G. H ylocornium - splendens (HEDw.) B. S. G. Hypnum - cupressiforme HEDW. - imponens HEDW. - pa1escen.s (HEDw.) P. BEAUV. Iso t hecium - myurum BRID. Leptodictyum - riparium (HEDw.) WARNST. Leucobryum - glaucum (HEDw.) ANGSTR. ex FRIES Leucodon - sciuroides (HEDw.) SCHWAEGR. Mnium - hornum HEDW. - stellare HEDW.
18 Neckera - complanata (HEDw.) HUEB. - crispa HEDW. - pennata HEDW. Orthodicranum - flagellare (HEDw.) LOESKE - montanum (HEDw.) LOESKE Orthotrichum - affiae BRID. - lyellii HOOK. et TAYL. - obtusifolium BRID. - stramineum HORNSCH. ex BRID. Plagiomnium - affine (FUNCK) KOP. - cuspidatum (HEDw.) KOP. - elatum (B. S. G.) KOP. - medium (B. S. G.) KOP. - rostratum (SCHRAD) KOP. - undulatum (HEDw.) KOP. Plagiothecium - curvifolium SCHLIEPH. ex LIMPR. - denticulatum (HEDw.) B. S. G. - laetum B. S. G. - latebricola (WILS.) B. S. G. - nemorale (MITT.) JAEG. - ruthei LIMPR. Platygyrium - repens (BRID.) B. S. G. Pleuronum - schreberi (BRID.) MITT. Poblia - nutans (HEDw.) LINDB. Polytrichum - commune HEDW. - formosum HEDW. - juniperinum HEDW. - piliferum HEDW. Pseudobryum - cinclidioides (HuEB.) KOP. Pseudoscleropodium - purum (HEDw.) FLEISCH. ex BROTH. Pterigynandrum - filiforme HEDW. Ptilium - crista castrensis (HEDw.) DE NOT. P ylaisiella - polyantha (HEDw.) GROUT Rhizomnium - punctatum (HEDw.) KOP. Rhodobryum - roseum (HEDw.) LIMPR. Rhytidiadelphus - triquetrus (HEDw.) WARNST. Schistostega - pennata (HEDw.) WEB. et MOHR Sphagnum - centrale C. Jens. ex Am. et C. Jens. - compactum DC. ex LAM. et DC. - frmbriatum WILS. ex HOOK. - girgensohnii RUSS. - magellanicum BRID. - nemoreum SCOP. - palustre L. - recurvum P. BEAUV. - squarrosum CROME - warnstorfi RuSS. Tetraphis - pellucida HEDW. Thuidium - delicatulum (HEDw.) WARNST. - tamariscinum (HEDw.) B. S. G. Ulota - crispa (HEDW.) BRID. Zygodon - viridissimus (DICKS.) BRID. Reference: OCHYRA R., S~AJDA P., An annotated list of Polish Mosses. - Fragm. Flor. Geobot., 24 (1):
19 PHYTOCOENOSIS Vol. 4(N.S.) 1992 ARCHIVUM GEOBOTANICUM 3 Warszawa - Bidowieia CRYITOGAMOUS PLANTS IN THE FOREST COMMUNITIES OF BIALOWIE~ NATIONAL PARK Check-list of cryptogamous and seminal plant species recorded during the period on the permanent plot V-100 (Project CR YPTO) edited by J.B. FAL~SKI and W. MULENKO HEPATICOPSIDA H. KLAMA Anastrophyllum - michauxii (F. WEB.) BUCH Aneura - pinguis (L.) D m. Barbilophozia - attenuata (MART.) LOESKE Barbilophozia - lycopodioides (WALLR.) LOESKE Bazzania - trilobata (L.) S. GRAY Blepharostoma - trichophyllum (L.) D m. Cal ypogeia - integristipula STEPH. - muelleriana (SCHIFFN.) K. MUELL. - trichomanis (L. emend. K. MUELL.) OPIZ Cephalozia - bicuspidata (L.) D m. - catenulata (HuEB.) LINDB. Cephaloziella - divaricata (SM. in SOWERBY) SCHIFFN. in ENGLER et PRANTL. - rubella (NEES) WARNST. Chiloscyphus - pallescens (EHRH. ex HOFFM.) DUM. Conocephalum - conicurn (L.) LINDB. Frullania - dilatata (L.) Dm. Geocal yx - graveolens (SCHRAD.) NEES Jamesoniella - autumnalis (DC.) STEPH. Jungermamia - leiantha GROLLE Lejeunea - cavifolia (EHRH.) Llh?)~. emend. BUCH Lepidozia - reptans (L.) D m. CORDA in Lophocolea - bidentata (L.) DUM. - heterophylla (SCHRAD.) DUM. Lophozia - incisa (SCHRAD.) DUM. - longidens (LINDB.) MACOUN Marchantia - aquatica (NEES) BURGEFF - polymorpha L. emend. BURGEFF Metzgeria - furcata (L.) DUM. Nowellia - curvifolia PICKS.) MITT. in GODMAN Odontoschisma - denudatum (NEES in MART.) D m. Pellia - endiviifolia (DICKS.) DUM. - epiphylla (L.) CORDA in OPIZ Plagiochila - asplenioides (L. emend. TAYL.) DUM. - porelloides (TORREY ex NEES) LINDB. P tilidium - pulcherrirnum (G. WEB.) VAINIO Radula - complanata (L.) DUM. Riccardia - latifrons (LINDB.) LINDB. - pahnata (HEDw.) CARRUTH. Sphenolobus - hellerianus (NEES in LINDB.) STEPH. Trichocolea - tomentella (EHRH.) DUM. Tritomaria - exsecta (SCHMID. ex SCHRAD.) SCHIFFN. ex LOESKE Reference: DUELL R., Distribution of the European and Macaronesian Liverworts (Hepaticophytina).- Bryologische Beitraege 2:
20 I PHYTOCOENOSIS Vol. 4(N.S.) 1992 I ARCHIVUM GEOBOTANICUM 3 - Warszawa - Bialowieza CRYPTOGAMOUS PLANTS IN THE FOREST COMMUNTTIES OF BIALOWIEa NATIONAL PARK Check-list of cryptogamous and seminal plant species recorded during the period on the permanent plot V-100 I (Project CR YPTO) edited by J.B. FaxRsru and W. MULENKO I LICHENES S. CIESLINSKI, K. CZY~EWSKA & K. GLANC 1 ' Acrocordia - gemmata (AcH.) MASSAL. Anisomeridium - biforme (BORR. in HOOK. et SOWERB.) HARRIS in V~ZDA Arthonia - byssacea (WEIG.) ALMQ. - leucopellaea (AcH.) ALMQ. - mediella Nn. - radiata.(pers.) ACH. - spadicea LEIGHT. - vinosa LEIGHT. Arthothelium - ruanum (MASSAL.) ZW. - spectabile FLOT. ex MASSAL. Bacidia - arceutina (AcH.) ARN. - arnoldiana KOERB. - beckhausii KOERB. - rubella (HOFFM.) MASSAL. Bactrospora - dryina (AcH.) MASSAL. Bryoria - crispa MOT. - implexa (HOFFM.) BRODO et HAWKSW. Buellia - disciformis (FR.) MUDD - erubescens ARN. - griseovirens URN. et BORR. ex SM.) ALMB. - punctata (HOFFM.) MASSAL. - schaereri DE NOT Calicium - adspersum PERS. - glaucellum ACH. - salicinum PERS. - viride PERS. Caloplaca - holocarpa (HOFFM.) WADE Candelariella - xanthostigma (AcH.) LETTAU Catillaria - globulosa (FLK.) TH. FR. Cetraria chlorophylla (WILLD.) VAIN. - pinastri (SCOP.) S. F. GRAY Ce treli a - olivetorum (Nn.) W. CULB. et C. CULB. Chaenotheca brachy poda (ACH.) TIBELL - brunneola (AcH.) MULL. ARC. carthusiae (HARM.) LETTAU - chrysocephala (TURN. ex AcH.) TH. FR. - ferruginea (TURN. ex SM.) MIGULA - furfuracea (L.) TIBELL phaeocephala URN.) TH. FR. trichialis (AcH.) TH. FR. - xyloxena NADv. Chaenothecopsis - subpusilla (VAIN.) TIBELL Chrysothrix - candelaris (L.) ACH. Cladina arbuscula (WALLR.) HALE et W. CULB. mitis (SANDST.) HUSTICH - rangiferina (L.) NYL. Cladonia bacillaris NYL. botrytes (HAG.) WILLD. cenotea (AcH.) SCHAER. chlorophaea (FLK. ex SOMMERF.) SPRENG. coniocraea auct. cornuta (L.) HOFFM. crispata (AcH.) FLOT. deformis (L.) HOFFM. digitata (L.) HOFFM. fimbriata (L.) FR. floerkeana (FR.) FLK. furcata (HuDs.) SCHRAD. glauca FLK. gracilis (L.) WILLD. macilenta HOFFM. ochrochlora FLK. parasitica (HOFFM.) HOFFM. - phyllophora HoFm.