Red-listed plants in semi-natural landscapes

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Red-listed plants in semi-natural landscapes"

Transcription

1 Red-listed plants in semi-natural landscapes Esgo Kuiper & Anders Bryn Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, PO Box 115, Raveien 9, NO-1431 Aas, Norway. Phone: , Abstract Forest regrowth in rural districts of Norway is currently leading to extensive landscape changes. We aim to quantify and understand the future impact of outfield forest regrowth following land-use abandonment on red-listed vascular plant species which are supposedly threatened by regrowth in Norway, i.e. species classified to habitats within the semi-natural landscape. Vascular plant species were defined by the Norwegian Red List and presence data was downloaded from the Norwegian GBIF-node, Artskart. A newly developed spatially explicit model of deforested semi-natural heaths and meadows in Norway was used to evaluate the vulnerability of red-listed plants to future forest regrowth. The results show that some red-listed species may be greatly affected, since they have most of their known populations within the modelled areas of future forest regrowth. The study also revealed that there are many methodological challenges in using museum databases for hypothesis testing. However, the use of such databases was clearly hypothesis generating, giving us many ideas for future studies. Introduction The rural landscapes of Norway have changed through time, and the 20th century marked the beginning of an on-going period of extensive forest regrowth on former outfields and abandoned agricultural land (Bryn & Daugstad 2001). The forest expansion is changing the previously open semi-natural heaths, meadows, and other habitats within the traditional semi-natural landscape of Norway (Fjellstad & Dramstad 1999). Semi-natural landscapes such as the coastal Calluna heaths, boreal heaths, and outfield grasslands are regarded as valuable ecosystems and provide habitats for many threatened species in Norway (Bryn et al. 2010). The threatened species of Norway are defined by the official Red List (Kålås et al. 2010a). This list is valuable for nature management in general, but especially for the needed management prioritizing of rare and highly threatened species. Currently, 369 vascular plant species (27%) of the 1355 evaluated species have a Red List category. Of all vascular plant species, 79 (21.4%) have semi-natural landscapes as one of their main habitats. Thus, a continuation of the forest regrowth in semi-natural landscapes will most probably have a negative effect on the red-listed plant species of Norway (Kålås et al. 2010b). Still, this future process is more or less unknown, since predictive studies of landscape development in Norway are lacking (Hemsing & Bryn in press). However, a newly developed high-resolution GIS model shows that as much as c.15.9% of the total land area in Norway has the potential for forest regrowth after abandoned or reduced human land-use (Bryn et al. in press). In other words, this new model is spatially explicit regarding areas of future forest 68

2 expansion. Also, from 2007 a high number of museum species data became available for digital download from the Norwegian GBIF node (Artskart 2011), including most of the red-listed findings from Norway. In this study we will examine the potential threat of future forest regrowth to the red-listed vascular plant species related to the deforested semi-natural landscapes of outfields in Norway. By doing this we will also determine whether the Norwegian GBIF database Artskart can be used for this kind of research. Material and method Material The study was carried out for the whole of Norway, covering c.323,800 km 2 and extending from 58 N to 71 N and from 5 E to 31 E. The topography rises from sea level to 2469 m a.s.l. and varies greatly in slope, height and age. The latest version of the Norwegian Red List for Species (Kålås et al. 2010a) was used to select vascular plant species (hereafter called species). All species related to the habitat category semi-natural landscape (K) were chosen, including all the Red List categories from Extinct to Near threatened. The registered findings of red-listed species (objects) in Norway were downloaded from Artskart (2011). This map server provides findings from 79 databases, currently containing more than 10,750,000 objects and 19,896 different species, and has recently been updated for red-listed species (9 November 2010). One species had a different name in the Red List (Aristavena setacea) than in Artskart (2011) (Deschampsia setacea). Also, Alchemilla taernaënsis had no objects in Artskart. The potential forest regrowth model has a spatial resolution of 25 x 25 m and covers the whole of Norway (Bryn et al., in press). Clear-cut logging fields, agricultural land, pasture land forests, and all area categories which do not support forest regrowth are not included in the model. Only deforested seminatural outfield landscapes such as coastal and boreal heaths beneath the potential climatic forest limit are included. All other habitats types, e.g. boulder fields, bare rock, mires and peatlands, existing forest, water, alpine regions, built-up areas, roads, and industrial areas were taken from the N50 map series of the Norwegian Mapping Authority, the AR50, or the AR5 map series from the Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute (Table 1). 69

3 Table 1. Baseline in-put map layer information. All layers were originally in raster format, or converted from vector to raster format. NMA = Norwegian Mapping Authority, NFLI = Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute. Data layer Data source Updated Raster resolution Data provider Forests, mires, agriculture, N50-series m NMA glaciers, waters, built-up areas, industrial areas, and alpine areas Intensively used agricultural land, agricultural land and grazing fields AR m NFLI Bare rock and boulder fields AR m NFLI Areas of potential forest regrowth according to a new model Bryn et al., in press m NFLI Method First, the downloaded species data from Artskart (2011) were cleaned for unnecessary information such as Institution Name, Basis of Record, and Day Identified. Second, two new columns with categorical data were added: a column for coordinate precision, and a column for year collected. All the objects from before 1950 were excluded from the analyses. Also, coordinates with a registered precision lower than 300 metres were excluded. Some findings did not contain a date or coordinate precision and were also excluded from the calculations. All GIS analyses were run in ArcMap (Version 10.0), including the Spatial Analyst extension. All maps and species coordinates were transformed to UTM zone 33. No map topics were spatially overlapping during the GIS analyses. The following standard GIS functions were frequently used in this study: project (used to transform coordinates to UTM 33), export map (to create a new layer with only the needed information from a specific map), overlay (used to find habitat types corresponding to the objects coordinates), and join (used to find distances from multiple points). After GIS processing the database was exported to Excel. By using a pivot table the results were displayed in graphs. To maintain the overview and save space, only a few random species are presented. Results We downloaded red-listed objects from Artskart (2011). After having excluded old objects (N = 11664) and objects with low precision (N = 20774) which overlapped greatly, we were left with 8086 (28%) objects for further analyses. The following information and analyses are based on the redefined database containing the 8086 objects. Most of the remaining objects have been registered in the 21st century with GPS precision. The species show very different spatial distributions, but most of them are found 70

4 within the nemoral and boreo-nemoral regions of the inner Oslo Fjord. The species also show very different spatial arrangements related to the deforested semi-natural landscapes. Of all registered red-listed species, c.19.2% were distributed within the deforested semi-natural landscapes, whereas c.2.7% were registered within 10 metres of the model. For example, more than 40% of the findings of species such as Gentiana pneumonanthe, Juncus foliosus, and Thalictrum simplex were within the model (± 10 m), whereas for example Campanula cervicaria, Carex pseudocyperus, and Silene nutans were mostly registered outside the model (Figure 1). Figure 1. The spatial relationship of some red-listed species to the deforested semi-natural landscapes of Norway. Distance from model in metres. The habitat distribution of all species reveals that many of the objects were mainly distributed either in deforested semi-natural landscapes (20%), or open areas above the potential climatic forest limit, or in habitats dominated by bare rock or boulder fields (24%) (Figure 2). The latter objects were thus registered outside the areas of potential future forest regrowth following land abandonment. In addition, 32% of the objects were registered in forests, whereas 6% were in mires, bogs, and peatland. Only 10% of the objects were registered within arable land. Altogether 7% of the findings intersected with water, although many of them were close to land. In most cases this was due to lower spatial precision (up to 300 metres). 71

5 1 % 32 % 6 % 24 % 20 % Open area Potential forest Arable land Sea Lake Mire Forest Built-up area 3 % 4 % 10 % Figure 2. The habitat distribution of all red-listed species. Discussion Red-listed species within the deforested semi-natural landscapes Many red-listed species within the semi-natural landscapes of Norway have had decreasing populations and decreasing spatial distributions in recent decades (Kålås et al. 2010a). One of the main negative drivers has been forest regrowth following land-use abandonment (Kålås et al. 2010b). Despite this, the future development of these species has rarely been assessed due to the lack of models of future forest regrowth (Bryn 2008; Hemsing & Bryn in press). However, the access to a newly developed high-resolution model of forest regrowth following land-use abandonment (Bryn et al. in press) has enabled us to study the future vulnerability of all red-listed semi-natural landscape species for the whole of Norway. The presented results document that a number of red-listed species will probably be exposed to future forest regrowth following outfield land-use abandonment. Species such as Leontodon hispidus (66.7% of objects), Comastoma tenellum (58.3%), and Gentiana pneumomanthe (48.1%) all have their main distribution within semi-natural outfield landscapes which have the potential for future forest regrowth. On the other hand, some species were registered outside the model, and are thus threatened by other processes than forest regrowth. However, since more than one-fifth (22%) of the objects were registered within the deforested semi-natural outfield landscapes which are changing rapidly throughout Norway (Bryn 2008; Hemsing & Bryn in press), we conclude that forest regrowth following land-use abandonment constitutes a major future threat to the redlisted semi-natural landscape species of Norway. Challenges and pitfalls when using museum databases for hypothesis testing During the analyses we encountered many challenges and found a number of pitfalls when implementing the museum databases (Newbold 2010). Since landscapes are constantly changing (Farina 2007), old objects had to be excluded from the analyses. The obvious question was then: How old should we allow 72

6 objects to be? Moreover, since some objects had low spatial precision, they also had to be excluded. This raised the question of what level precision is needed. Ultimately, we excluded as much as 72% of all registered objects, leaving only 8086 objects for further analyses. The narrowing of objects can often influence very rare species more than less threatened species and thus result in very few objects of rare species. In general, we believe that the narrowing of objects has increased the validity and reliability of the study, but will reduce opportunities to draw general conclusions regarding species. The data from Artskart (2011) are based on presence-data and do not provide absence-data for species. Also, the objects from the database show findings relating species, but do not provide information about the populations or their local spatial or temporal distribution. In addition, the gathering of species data is most probably biased towards areas with infrastructure, easy access, or many people with interest in biology. Furthermore, uncertainty and resolution challenges relating to the implemented maps and models will have induced potential errors in the study. From the present study we conclude that museum databases can be used with reservations for some general purposes (Newbold 2010). However, our main discovery is that the use of museum databases is highly hypotheses generating, leading to more questions than answers. Acknowledgements This article has been supported by the Research Council of Norway (project number ) and is a part of the scientific project Cultural Landscapes of Tourism and Hospitality (Cultour). References Artskart, (Data download 10 April 2011). Bryn, A., Recent forest limit changes in south-east Norway: Effects of climate change or regrowth after abandoned utilisation? Norwegian Journal of Geography 62, Bryn, A. & Daugstad, K., Summer farming in the subalpine birch forest. In: Wielgolaski, F.E. (ed.), Nordic Mountain Birch Ecosystem. UNESCO Man and Biosphere Series 27. Parthenon Publishing Group, New York, pp Bryn, A., Dramstad, W., Fjellstad, W. & Hofmeister, F., Rule-based GISmodelling for management purposes: A case study from the islands of Froan, Sør- Trøndelag, mid-western Norway. Norwegian Journal of Geography 64, Bryn, A., Dourojeanni, P., Hemsing, L.Ø. & O Donnel, S., in press. A national potential forest model for Norway: A high resolution spatially explicit GIS nullmodel for forest regrowth. Farina, A., Principles and Methods in Landscape Ecology: Towards a Science of Landscape. Springer, Dordrecht. Fjellstad, W. & Dramstad, W., Patterns of change in two contrasting Norwegian agricultural landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning 45,

7 Hemsing, L.Ø. & Bryn, A., in press. Three methods for modelling potential natural vegetation (PNV) compared: A methodological case study from south-central Norway. Norwegian Journal of Geography. Kålås, J.A., Viken, Å., Henriksen, S. & Skjelseth, S. (Eds.), 2010a. The 2010 Norwegian Red List for Species. Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre, Trondheim. Kålås, J.A., Henriksen, S., Skjelseth, S. & Viken, Å. (Eds.), 2010b. Environmental Conditions and Impacts for Red List Species. Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre, Trondheim. Newbold, T., Applications and limitations of museum data for conservation and ecology, with particular attention to species distribution models. Progress in Physical Geography 34,

Objectives. Raster Data Discrete Classes. Spatial Information in Natural Resources FANR 3800. Review the raster data model

Objectives. Raster Data Discrete Classes. Spatial Information in Natural Resources FANR 3800. Review the raster data model Spatial Information in Natural Resources FANR 3800 Raster Analysis Objectives Review the raster data model Understand how raster analysis fundamentally differs from vector analysis Become familiar with

More information

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 HEALTH Kindergarten: Grade 1: Grade 2: Know that litter can spoil the environment. Grade 3: Grade 4:

More information

Nature Values Screening Using Object-Based Image Analysis of Very High Resolution Remote Sensing Data

Nature Values Screening Using Object-Based Image Analysis of Very High Resolution Remote Sensing Data Nature Values Screening Using Object-Based Image Analysis of Very High Resolution Remote Sensing Data Aleksi Räsänen*, Anssi Lensu, Markku Kuitunen Environmental Science and Technology Dept. of Biological

More information

Monitoring the Critically Endangered Bird Species (White-shouldered Ibis) in Western Siem Pang Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA)

Monitoring the Critically Endangered Bird Species (White-shouldered Ibis) in Western Siem Pang Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) Monitoring the Critically Endangered Bird Species (White-shouldered Ibis) in Western Siem Pang Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) Transboundary Biodiversity Landscapes (TBLs) Knowledge Meeting

More information

THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes

THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes Biomes The Ecosystem - Biomes Side 2 THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes By the end of this topic you should be able to:- SYLLABUS STATEMENT ASSESSMENT STATEMENT CHECK NOTES 2.4 BIOMES 2.4.1 Define the term biome.

More information

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS WHAT IS A GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM? A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer-based tool for mapping and analyzing spatial data. GIS technology integrates

More information

BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH World Environment Day June 2010 111 BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH By: Shahid Saleem Biodiversity loss and other environmental problems that the world is facing today are the products of hundreds of

More information

The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Risk Assessment

The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Risk Assessment The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Risk Assessment With Specific Focus on the RiVAMP Methodology Presented by Nadine Brown August 27, 2012 Climate Studies Group Mona Climate Change Workshop Presentation

More information

Corresponding Author:bashirrokni@yahoo.com

Corresponding Author:bashirrokni@yahoo.com Land use planning using the Geographic Information System (GIS) in Tandoreh National Park (Iran) Bashir Rokni Deilami 1, Afsaneh Sheikhi 1, Vahid Barati 2, Dermayana Arsal 3, Muhammad Isa Bala 4, Bello

More information

Evaluation of Forest Road Network Planning According to Environmental Criteria

Evaluation of Forest Road Network Planning According to Environmental Criteria American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 9 (1): 91-97, 2010 ISSN 1818-6769 IDOSI Publications, 2010 Evaluation of Forest Road Network Planning According to Environmental Criteria Amir Hosian Firozan,

More information

Wildlife Ecologist. Mount Gibson Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Ecologist. Mount Gibson Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Ecologist Mount Gibson Wildlife Sanctuary Australian Wildlife Conservancy is a non profit organisation dedicated to the conservation of Australia s threatened wildlife and their habitats. AWC

More information

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Arguments for our Future Environment

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Arguments for our Future Environment Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Arguments for our Future Environment How have we advanced our understanding of the links between biodiversity, ecosystem functions and ecosystem services? The issue

More information

RESPONSE FROM GBIF TO QUESTIONS FOR FURTHER CONSIDERATION

RESPONSE FROM GBIF TO QUESTIONS FOR FURTHER CONSIDERATION RESPONSE FROM GBIF TO QUESTIONS FOR FURTHER CONSIDERATION A. Policy support tools and methodologies developed or used under the Convention and their adequacy, impact and obstacles to their uptake, as well

More information

Monitoring for Conservation Planning and Management. Environmental Evaluators Forum EPA Headquarters, USA June 14 15, 2007

Monitoring for Conservation Planning and Management. Environmental Evaluators Forum EPA Headquarters, USA June 14 15, 2007 Monitoring for Conservation Planning and Management Environmental Evaluators Forum EPA Headquarters, USA June 14 15, 2007 Key Types of Decisions Prioritization (where Status to allocate scarce conservation

More information

Conferência Internacional Estrutura Ecológica Nacional - Conceitos e Delimitação

Conferência Internacional Estrutura Ecológica Nacional - Conceitos e Delimitação Conferência Internacional Estrutura Ecológica Nacional - Conceitos e Delimitação The Green Network plan in Estonia: implementation lessons learned Kalev Sepp Estonian University of Life Sciences Centro

More information

COASTAL MONITORING & OBSERVATIONS LESSON PLAN Do You Have Change?

COASTAL MONITORING & OBSERVATIONS LESSON PLAN Do You Have Change? Coastal Change Analysis Lesson Plan COASTAL MONITORING & OBSERVATIONS LESSON PLAN Do You Have Change? NOS Topic Coastal Monitoring and Observations Theme Coastal Change Analysis Links to Overview Essays

More information

Habitat suitability modeling of boreal biodiversity: predicting plant species richness and rarity

Habitat suitability modeling of boreal biodiversity: predicting plant species richness and rarity Nordia Geographical Publications Volume 40:1 Habitat suitability modeling of boreal biodiversity: predicting plant species richness and rarity Miia Parviainen ACADEMIC DISSERTATION to be presented with

More information

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Before You Read Before you read the chapter, respond to these statements. 1. Write an A if you agree with the statement. 2. Write a D if you disagree with the statement.

More information

National Inventory of Landscapes in Sweden

National Inventory of Landscapes in Sweden Key messages Approaching the landscape perspective in monitoring experiences in the Swedish NILS program Johan Svensson, Future Forest Monitoring, 091112 Landscape level approaches are necessary to deal

More information

Greening REDD+ Challenges and opportunities for forest biodiversity conservation. Workshop summary

Greening REDD+ Challenges and opportunities for forest biodiversity conservation. Workshop summary Greening REDD+ Challenges and opportunities for forest biodiversity conservation Workshop summary D. Benick 1 *, S. Entenmann 2 *, T. Pistorius 1, C.B. Schmitt 2 1 Institute of Forest and Environmental

More information

Land Cover Mapping of the Comoros Islands: Methods and Results. February 2014. ECDD, BCSF & Durrell Lead author: Katie Green

Land Cover Mapping of the Comoros Islands: Methods and Results. February 2014. ECDD, BCSF & Durrell Lead author: Katie Green Land Cover Mapping of the Comoros Islands: Methods and Results February 2014 ECDD, BCSF & Durrell Lead author: Katie Green About the ECDD project The ECDD project was run by Bristol Conservation & Science

More information

The Nordic Aichi restoration project. How can the Nordic countries implement the CBD-target on restoration of 15% of degraded ecosystems within 2020?

The Nordic Aichi restoration project. How can the Nordic countries implement the CBD-target on restoration of 15% of degraded ecosystems within 2020? The Nordic Aichi restoration project How can the Nordic countries implement the CBD-target on restoration of 15% of degraded ecosystems within 2020? The Nordic Aichi restoration project How can the

More information

GLACier-fed rivers, HYDRoECOlogy and climate change; NETwork of monitoring sites (GLAC-HYDRECO-NET).

GLACier-fed rivers, HYDRoECOlogy and climate change; NETwork of monitoring sites (GLAC-HYDRECO-NET). Arctic Observing Summit 2013 Statement Glacier-fed rivers GLACier-fed rivers, HYDRoECOlogy and climate change; NETwork of monitoring sites (GLAC-HYDRECO-NET). Alexander Milner, School of Geography, Earth

More information

Longboat Dr Noeleen Smyth. Pitcairn 24 21 41 S, 128 18 58 W. UK Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies: 2011 Biodiversity snapshot 87

Longboat Dr Noeleen Smyth. Pitcairn 24 21 41 S, 128 18 58 W. UK Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies: 2011 Biodiversity snapshot 87 Longboat Dr Noeleen Smyth Pitcairn 24 21 41 S, 128 18 58 W 13 UK Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies: 2011 Biodiversity snapshot 87 Pitcairn Author: Michele Christian, Division Manager Natural

More information

Colorado Natural Heritage Program

Colorado Natural Heritage Program CNHP s mission is to preserve the natural diversity of life by contributing the essential scientific foundation that leads to lasting conservation of Colorado's biological wealth. Colorado Natural Heritage

More information

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE GROWTH TYPES OF VEGETATION IN THE BÜKK MOUNTAINS BY THE COMPARISON OF DIGITAL SURFACE MODELS Z. ZBORAY AND E.

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE GROWTH TYPES OF VEGETATION IN THE BÜKK MOUNTAINS BY THE COMPARISON OF DIGITAL SURFACE MODELS Z. ZBORAY AND E. ACTA CLIMATOLOGICA ET CHOROLOGICA Universitatis Szegediensis, Tom. 38-39, 2005, 163-169. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE GROWTH TYPES OF VEGETATION IN THE BÜKK MOUNTAINS BY THE COMPARISON OF DIGITAL SURFACE MODELS

More information

NatureServe Canada. Towards a Quebec Biodiversity Observation Network. Douglas Hyde Executive Director

NatureServe Canada. Towards a Quebec Biodiversity Observation Network. Douglas Hyde Executive Director NatureServe Canada Towards a Quebec Biodiversity Observation Network Douglas Hyde Executive Director Overview About NatureServe Canada About the CDPNQ Opportunities for Collaboration NatureServe Canada

More information

3: Swedwood Karelia s logging plans are questioned based on the perception that the operation plans to cut HCVF.

3: Swedwood Karelia s logging plans are questioned based on the perception that the operation plans to cut HCVF. 21 December 2011 Statement from NEPCon and the Rainforest Alliance regarding the re-certification of Swedwood Karelia LLC (FSC registration code SW-FM/COC-002041) and complaints filed by Protect the Forest

More information

What Does Biodiversity Mean? biodiversity can be somewhat of a poor relation among environmental topics; highlighting the particular need for mainstre

What Does Biodiversity Mean? biodiversity can be somewhat of a poor relation among environmental topics; highlighting the particular need for mainstre Green Infrastructure Policy and Planning in Ireland GREEN INFRA- STRUCTURE CLIMATE CHANGE ECO-SYSTEM SERVICES BIODIVERSITY Dr Shane Colgan 27 th November 2012 What Does Biodiversity Mean? biodiversity

More information

HIGH NATURE VALUE FARMING: FROM INDICATION TO CONSERVATION

HIGH NATURE VALUE FARMING: FROM INDICATION TO CONSERVATION HIGH NATURE VALUE FARMING: FROM INDICATION TO CONSERVATION Sebastian Klimek a, Doreen Gabriel b, Jens Dauber a, Sabrina Jerrentrup a, Stefan Mecke a, Michael Strohbach c a Thünen Institute of Biodiversity,

More information

Understanding Raster Data

Understanding Raster Data Introduction The following document is intended to provide a basic understanding of raster data. Raster data layers (commonly referred to as grids) are the essential data layers used in all tools developed

More information

The National Stream Internet Project BIG DATA = BIG POSSIBILITIES

The National Stream Internet Project BIG DATA = BIG POSSIBILITIES The National Stream Internet Project BIG DATA = BIG POSSIBILITIES 1 More Pressure, Fewer Resources Climate Change Urbanization & Population Growth Shrinking Budgets Need to do more with less 2 Strategically

More information

Landforms form an integral part

Landforms form an integral part Landform classification using GIS by Karsten Drescher, Terralogix Consulting, and Willem de Frey, Ekoinfo Refining existing landform classifications using ESRI s model builder. Landforms form an integral

More information

Stream 1 Regional Natural Resource Management Planning for Climate Change

Stream 1 Regional Natural Resource Management Planning for Climate Change Stream 1 Regional Natural Resource Planning for Climate Change in the Lachlan in the Southern Rivers NRM Lachlan This project will build on the strengths of the Lachlan (Kalare) Action Plan by providing

More information

APPLICATION OF GOOGLE EARTH FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF BASE MAP IN THE CASE OF GISH ABBAY SEKELA, AMHARA STATE, ETHIOPIA

APPLICATION OF GOOGLE EARTH FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF BASE MAP IN THE CASE OF GISH ABBAY SEKELA, AMHARA STATE, ETHIOPIA APPLICATION OF GOOGLE EARTH FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF BASE MAP IN THE CASE OF GISH ABBAY SEKELA, AMHARA STATE, ETHIOPIA Abineh Tilahun Department of Geography and environmental studies, Adigrat University,

More information

Status of the World s Soil Resources

Status of the World s Soil Resources 5 December 2015 Status of the World s Soil Resources The Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils (ITPS), the main scientific advisory body to the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) hosted by the Food and

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE & FORESTS; STATUS OF SCIENCE, POLICY & RESEARCH. Prof. Ravindranath Indian Institute of Science Bangalore

CLIMATE CHANGE & FORESTS; STATUS OF SCIENCE, POLICY & RESEARCH. Prof. Ravindranath Indian Institute of Science Bangalore CLIMATE CHANGE & FORESTS; STATUS OF SCIENCE, POLICY & RESEARCH Prof. Ravindranath Indian Institute of Science Bangalore Forests and climate change 1. Deforestation and land use change contribute to CO

More information

Defining a framework to measure soil quality

Defining a framework to measure soil quality Defining a framework to measure soil quality Joan Romanyà, Isabel Serrasolses & Ramon Vallejo Dept. Natural Products, Plant Biology and Soil Science, University of Barcelona CEAM. Centro de Estudios Ambientales

More information

Introduction to GIS (Basics, Data, Analysis) & Case Studies. 13 th May 2004. Content. What is GIS?

Introduction to GIS (Basics, Data, Analysis) & Case Studies. 13 th May 2004. Content. What is GIS? Introduction to GIS (Basics, Data, Analysis) & Case Studies 13 th May 2004 Content Introduction to GIS Data concepts Data input Analysis Applications selected examples What is GIS? Geographic Information

More information

The Provincial Plan (PTC) is a general spatial planning tool approved in 2002 an actually under the decennial revision set by law.

The Provincial Plan (PTC) is a general spatial planning tool approved in 2002 an actually under the decennial revision set by law. The Province of Genoa is a Public Authority acting at an intermediate level between municipalities and Liguria Region, and incorporates the territory of 67 municipalities. The main role is promoting and

More information

Required and Recommended Supporting Information for IUCN Red List Assessments

Required and Recommended Supporting Information for IUCN Red List Assessments Required and Recommended Supporting Information for IUCN Red List Assessments This is Annex 1 of the Rules of Procedure IUCN Red List Assessment Process 2013-2016 as approved by the IUCN SSC Steering Committee

More information

The Norwegian ecosystem-based management plan for the Barents Sea and sea areas off the Lofoten Islands. The Barents Sea

The Norwegian ecosystem-based management plan for the Barents Sea and sea areas off the Lofoten Islands. The Barents Sea The Norwegian ecosystem-based management plan for the Barents Sea and sea areas off the Lofoten Islands By: Dr. Erik Olsen, Research Scientist The Barents Sea Continental shelf sea Average depth 230m Area

More information

ARIMNet 2 Call 2014-15

ARIMNet 2 Call 2014-15 Coordination of the Agricultural Research In the Mediterranean Area Call i text ARIMNet 2 Call 2014-15 SUBMISSION Pre-proposal by December 1 st, 2014 Full Proposal by May 11 th 2015 on http://arimnet-call.eu/

More information

San Francisco Bay Margin Conservation Decision Support System (DSS)

San Francisco Bay Margin Conservation Decision Support System (DSS) San Francisco Bay Margin Conservation Decision Support System (DSS) Presented by Brian Fulfrost1, MS David Thomson2, MS 1 Brian Fulfrost and Associates 2 San Francisco Bay Bird Observatory Transitional

More information

Review of the Availability and Accuracy. of Information about Forests: Phase I Report

Review of the Availability and Accuracy. of Information about Forests: Phase I Report Review of the Availability and Accuracy of Information about Forests: Phase I Report Prepared by Minnesota Forest Resources Council Forest Resource Information Management Committee In partnership with

More information

The Wildland-Urban Interface in the United States

The Wildland-Urban Interface in the United States The Wildland-Urban Interface in the United States Susan I. Stewart Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Evanston, IL (sistewart@fs.fed.us) Volker C. Radeloff Department of Forestry, University

More information

Chapter 1b - Priority Map Development

Chapter 1b - Priority Map Development North Carolina s Forest Resources Assessment A statewide analysis of the past, current and projected future conditions of North Carolina s forest resources 2010 Chapter 1b - Priority Map Development This

More information

QUÉBEC DECLARATION ON ECOTOURISM

QUÉBEC DECLARATION ON ECOTOURISM QUÉBEC DECLARATION ON ECOTOURISM In the framework of the UN International Year of Ecotourism, 2002, under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Tourism Organization

More information

A GIS helps you answer questions and solve problems by looking at your data in a way that is quickly understood and easily shared.

A GIS helps you answer questions and solve problems by looking at your data in a way that is quickly understood and easily shared. A Geographic Information System (GIS) integrates hardware, software, and data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information. GIS allows us to view,

More information

Liquid Biofuels for Transport

Liquid Biofuels for Transport page 1/11 Scientific Facts on Liquid Biofuels for Transport Prospects, risks and opportunities Source document: FAO (2008) Summary & Details: GreenFacts Context - Serious questions are being raised about

More information

Application of Environmental Quality Objectives in Regional Scale Infrastructure Projects: a Swedish Example

Application of Environmental Quality Objectives in Regional Scale Infrastructure Projects: a Swedish Example Application of Environmental Quality Objectives in Regional Scale Infrastructure Projects: a Swedish Example Karlson M 1*, MörtbergU 1, Balfors B 1, Lundberg K 2, Erlandsson Å 2, Hedlund A 3, Lindblom

More information

2002 URBAN FOREST CANOPY & LAND USE IN PORTLAND S HOLLYWOOD DISTRICT. Final Report. Michael Lackner, B.A. Geography, 2003

2002 URBAN FOREST CANOPY & LAND USE IN PORTLAND S HOLLYWOOD DISTRICT. Final Report. Michael Lackner, B.A. Geography, 2003 2002 URBAN FOREST CANOPY & LAND USE IN PORTLAND S HOLLYWOOD DISTRICT Final Report by Michael Lackner, B.A. Geography, 2003 February 2004 - page 1 of 17 - TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract 3 Introduction 4 Study

More information

Remote Sensing in Natural Resources Mapping

Remote Sensing in Natural Resources Mapping Remote Sensing in Natural Resources Mapping NRS 516, Spring 2016 Overview of Remote Sensing in Natural Resources Mapping What is remote sensing? Why remote sensing? Examples of remote sensing in natural

More information

Norwegian Forests. Policy and Resources

Norwegian Forests. Policy and Resources Norwegian Forests Policy and Resources 21 Forestry in Norway Norway has long traditions in forestry and forest management, and for using wood in construction and as a source of energy. Sawn wood and round

More information

Mobilising Vegetation Plot Data: the National Vegetation Survey Databank. Susan Wiser April 2016 http://nvs.landcareresearch.co.nz

Mobilising Vegetation Plot Data: the National Vegetation Survey Databank. Susan Wiser April 2016 http://nvs.landcareresearch.co.nz Mobilising Vegetation Plot Data: the National Vegetation Survey Databank Susan Wiser April 2016 http://nvs.landcareresearch.co.nz Nationally Significant Databases and Collections http://natsigdc.landcareresearch.co.nz/natsigdc_list.html

More information

Doing Business, Small & Medium Enterprise Support and Information Access

Doing Business, Small & Medium Enterprise Support and Information Access Doing Business, Small & Medium Enterprise Support and Information Access Vietnam, a nation of 92 million people, aspires to be more fully integrated into the global economy and community and an industrialized

More information

ERP: Willamette-Ecosystem Services Project

ERP: Willamette-Ecosystem Services Project ERP: Willamette-Ecosystem Services Project Presented by Iris Goodman to NAS Sustainability R&D Forum October 17-18, 2007 Conserving ecosystem services through proactive decision-making making Linking Human

More information

Ecological Restoration Strategies for Cattle Ranching Landscapes of the Azuero

Ecological Restoration Strategies for Cattle Ranching Landscapes of the Azuero COURSE REPORT Ecological Restoration Strategies for Cattle Ranching Landscapes of the Azuero District of Pedasi, Province of Los Santos July 27-31, 2015 A field course organized by: The Environmental Leadership

More information

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) AS A TOOL FOR CERTIFICATION OF BIOFUELS IN ARGENTINA

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) AS A TOOL FOR CERTIFICATION OF BIOFUELS IN ARGENTINA GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) AS A TOOL FOR CERTIFICATION OF BIOFUELS IN ARGENTINA International Workshop CHALLENGES AND SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE BIOFUEL PRODUCTION IN AMERICA. Buenos

More information

Raster Operations. Local, Neighborhood, and Zonal Approaches. Rebecca McLain Geography 575 Fall 2009. Raster Operations Overview

Raster Operations. Local, Neighborhood, and Zonal Approaches. Rebecca McLain Geography 575 Fall 2009. Raster Operations Overview Raster Operations Local, Neighborhood, and Zonal Approaches Rebecca McLain Geography 575 Fall 2009 Raster Operations Overview Local: Operations performed on a cell by cell basis Neighborhood: Operations

More information

EXPLORING POTENTIAL ECONOMIC AND LIVELIHOOD IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND POSSIBLE ADAPTATION MECHANISMS IN THE KENYAN RANGELANDS

EXPLORING POTENTIAL ECONOMIC AND LIVELIHOOD IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND POSSIBLE ADAPTATION MECHANISMS IN THE KENYAN RANGELANDS EXPLORING POTENTIAL ECONOMIC AND LIVELIHOOD IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND POSSIBLE ADAPTATION MECHANISMS IN THE KENYAN RANGELANDS Submitted to Stockholm Environment Institute By African Conservation Centre

More information

Technology For Adaptation. Forestry Conservation Management. Dr. Javier Aliaga Lordemann

Technology For Adaptation. Forestry Conservation Management. Dr. Javier Aliaga Lordemann Technology For Adaptation. Forestry Conservation Management Dr. Javier Aliaga Lordemann Forests has more carbon store than the currently carbon free atmosphere. By contrast, are important sources of emissions

More information

IBAT (Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool)

IBAT (Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool) IBAT (Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool) Martin Sneary, Manager Biodiversity Risk Assessment & Corporate Decision Support (based in Washington DC) Format of session Key sources of biodiversity information

More information

Environmentally Significant Areas of Alberta. Volume 3. Prepared by: Sweetgrass Consultants Ltd. Calgary, AB. for:

Environmentally Significant Areas of Alberta. Volume 3. Prepared by: Sweetgrass Consultants Ltd. Calgary, AB. for: Environmentally Significant Areas of Alberta Volume 3 Prepared by: Calgary, AB for: Resource Data Division Alberta Environmental Protection Edmonton, Alberta March 1997 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Large portions

More information

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity Lesson Overview 6.3 6.3 Objectives Define biodiversity and explain its value. Identify current threats to biodiversity. Describe how biodiversity can be preserved. THINK ABOUT IT From multicolored coral

More information

Kristina Veidemane, Baltic Environmental Forum Panevezys, 12.05.2015

Kristina Veidemane, Baltic Environmental Forum Panevezys, 12.05.2015 Priority 2 Protection and restoration of biodiversity and soil and promotion of ecosystem services, including through Natura 2000, and green infrastructure Kristina Veidemane, Baltic Environmental Forum

More information

A quick overview of geographic information systems (GIS) Uwe Deichmann, DECRG

A quick overview of geographic information systems (GIS) Uwe Deichmann, DECRG <udeichmann@worldbank.org> A quick overview of geographic information systems (GIS) Uwe Deichmann, DECRG Why is GIS important? A very large share of all types of information has a spatial component ( 80

More information

Assessing potential biodiversity impacts of policies that address drivers of deforestation to achieve REDD+ objectives

Assessing potential biodiversity impacts of policies that address drivers of deforestation to achieve REDD+ objectives Assessing potential biodiversity impacts of policies that address drivers of deforestation to achieve REDD+ objectives Dr Valerie Kapos Dr Rebecca Mant REDD+ and drivers of deforestation REDD + (a) Reducing

More information

RELATIONSHIP OF NATURE AND LIVING

RELATIONSHIP OF NATURE AND LIVING 3 RELATIONSHIP OF NATURE AND LIVING The vicinity of sea and abundance of natural and cultural landscapes are clear assets of Greater Helsinki. Good utilisation of that asset warrants a regional landscape

More information

Using the Countryside Stewardship Targeting & Scoring Layers interactive map theme

Using the Countryside Stewardship Targeting & Scoring Layers interactive map theme Countryside Stewardship Using the Countryside Stewardship Targeting & Scoring Layers interactive map theme Understand how to use the Countryside Stewardship Targeting & Scoring Layers theme within the

More information

WHAT'S HAPPENING IN THE ENVIRONMENT? 3 SEPTEMBER 2014

WHAT'S HAPPENING IN THE ENVIRONMENT? 3 SEPTEMBER 2014 WHAT'S HAPPENING IN THE ENVIRONMENT? 3 SEPTEMBER 2014 Lesson Description In this lesson we: Look at predator-prey relationships Discuss types of competition Consider specialisation Look at the different

More information

The Role of Spatial Data in EU Agricultural Policy Analysis

The Role of Spatial Data in EU Agricultural Policy Analysis The Role of Spatial Data in EU Agricultural Policy Analysis Wolfgang Britz Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University Bonn Geospatial Open Source Hosting of Agriculture, Resource and Environmental

More information

Susan Iott U. S. General Accounting Office. Restoration of the South Florida Ecosystem

Susan Iott U. S. General Accounting Office. Restoration of the South Florida Ecosystem Susan Iott U. S. General Accounting Office Restoration of the South Florida Ecosystem Presented at The Aspen Global Change Institute June 5-10, 2003 Summer Science Session I Learning from Regions: A Comparative

More information

Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region

Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region Global CC threat CC in the A/P region The Stern Review and IPCC 4 th Assessment Report both state that climate change will have adverse impact on people

More information

Plan of Protection Tasks and Plan of Nature Protection of Natura 2000 Areas

Plan of Protection Tasks and Plan of Nature Protection of Natura 2000 Areas Plan of Protection Tasks and Plan of Nature Protection of Natura 2000 Areas Białystok, 2012 1 After the determination of Natura 2000 Ecological Network in Poland, it was necessary to develop a system of

More information

Using Google Earth for Environmental Science Research

Using Google Earth for Environmental Science Research Using Google Earth for Environmental Science Research This document is up-to-date as of August 2013. If you have any questions or additions to this material please email dan.friess@nus.edu.sg. Note: this

More information

Unit 8: Global Problems. Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management

Unit 8: Global Problems. Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management Unit 8: Global Problems Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management 1. Forests Types & Importance 2. Temperate Deforestation old growth forest, U.S. & Canada 3. Tropical Deforestation clearing & degrading

More information

Burrowing Owl Distribution Modeling

Burrowing Owl Distribution Modeling Burrowing Owl Distribution Modeling Scientific Name: Athene cunicularia Distribution Status: Migratory Summer Breeder State Rank: S3B Global Rank: G4 Inductive Modeling Model Created By: Joy Ritter Model

More information

INTENSIVE COURSES FOR MASTER LEVEL STUDENTS AUTUMN 2015 AND SPRING 2016

INTENSIVE COURSES FOR MASTER LEVEL STUDENTS AUTUMN 2015 AND SPRING 2016 INTENSIVE COURSES FOR MASTER LEVEL STUDENTS AUTUMN 2015 AND SPRING 2016 in the fields of Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine Nordplus courses: These courses are partly funded by the Nordic Council

More information

ECHOES FROM BARILOCHE: Conclusions, Recommendations and Action Guidelines

ECHOES FROM BARILOCHE: Conclusions, Recommendations and Action Guidelines ECHOES FROM BARILOCHE: Conclusions, Recommendations and Action Guidelines The Second Latin American Congress on National Parks and other Protected Areas aimed to asses, value and project the contribution

More information

Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector.

Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector. Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector. Matilda Skosana Environmental Programmes (ILO Definition): 1. DEFINITION OF GREEN JOB. Jobs are green when they help reduce negative environmental

More information

Global Ecology and Wildlife Conservation

Global Ecology and Wildlife Conservation Vaughan Centre for Lifelong Learning Part-Time Certificate of Higher Education in Global Ecology and Wildlife Conservation Delivered via Distance Learning FAQs What are the aims of the course? This course

More information

MAPPING MINNEAPOLIS URBAN TREE CANOPY. Why is Tree Canopy Important? Project Background. Mapping Minneapolis Urban Tree Canopy.

MAPPING MINNEAPOLIS URBAN TREE CANOPY. Why is Tree Canopy Important? Project Background. Mapping Minneapolis Urban Tree Canopy. MAPPING MINNEAPOLIS URBAN TREE CANOPY Why is Tree Canopy Important? Trees are an important component of urban environments. In addition to their aesthetic value, trees have significant economic and environmental

More information

Risk and vulnerability assessment of the build environment in a dynamic changing society

Risk and vulnerability assessment of the build environment in a dynamic changing society Risk and vulnerability assessment of the build environment in a dynamic changing society Limnei Nie SINTEF Building and infrastructure, P.O.Box 124 Blindern, NO-0314 Oslo, Norway. linmei.nie@sintef.no

More information

Future Landscapes. Research report CONTENTS. June 2005

Future Landscapes. Research report CONTENTS. June 2005 Future Landscapes Research report June 2005 CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Original ideas for the project 3. The Future Landscapes prototype 4. Early usability trials 5. Reflections on first phases of development

More information

Tracking Tool for SFM/REDD- Plus Projects. Guidance Note v0.2

Tracking Tool for SFM/REDD- Plus Projects. Guidance Note v0.2 Tracking Tool for SFM/REDD- Plus Projects Guidance Note v0.2 Introduction The SFM/REDD- plus tracking tool (TT) aims to measure progress in achieving the impacts and outcomes established at the portfolio

More information

Black Tern Distribution Modeling

Black Tern Distribution Modeling Black Tern Distribution Modeling Scientific Name: Chlidonias niger Distribution Status: Migratory Summer Breeder State Rank: S3B Global Rank: G4 Inductive Modeling Model Created By: Joy Ritter Model Creation

More information

Geospatial Software Solutions for the Environment and Natural Resources

Geospatial Software Solutions for the Environment and Natural Resources Geospatial Software Solutions for the Environment and Natural Resources Manage and Preserve the Environment and its Natural Resources Our environment and the natural resources it provides play a growing

More information

Biodiversity Concepts

Biodiversity Concepts Biodiversity Concepts WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY? Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth. For any kind of animal or plant each individual is not exactly the same as any other; nor are species or ecosystems.

More information

Major Life Zones, or Ecoregions Within The Central Canadian Rockies

Major Life Zones, or Ecoregions Within The Central Canadian Rockies EDUCATORS IN RESIDENCE OVERVIEW Major Life Zones, or Ecoregions Within The Central Canadian Rockies There are 3 distinct communities of plants in this region of the Canadian Rockies: Montane Forest Sub-alpine

More information

CUBA CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE

CUBA CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE CUBA CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE CUBA: Main Characteristics Total population: 11.2 millions Length of the Island of Cuba: 1,200 Km. Maximum Width: 191 Km. Minimum Width: 31 Km. More than 4,000 islands and

More information

WEED MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR. (NAME of PROPERTY or MANAGED AREA) (TOWN or COUNTY, STATE) (TIME PERIOD; e.g. 1996-2000)

WEED MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR. (NAME of PROPERTY or MANAGED AREA) (TOWN or COUNTY, STATE) (TIME PERIOD; e.g. 1996-2000) (WEED MANAGEMENT PLAN OUTLINE FOR PUBLIC LAND MANAGERS) (Note: This outline is a modification of a weed management plan template produced by The Nature Conservancy) WEED MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR (NAME of PROPERTY

More information

Green Infrastructure Case Study Template

Green Infrastructure Case Study Template Green Infrastructure Case Study Template The aim of the exercise is to provide information on how the elements of the Green Infrastructure Strategy are implemented at national level and to provide case

More information

Sustaining Ecosystems: Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management

Sustaining Ecosystems: Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management Sustaining Ecosystems: Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management tutorial by Paul Rich 1. Forests Types & Importance Outline 2. Temperate Deforestation old growth forest, U.S. & Canada 3. Tropical

More information

Land accounts for biodiversity A methodological study for the allocation of land with high nature values to owners and industries

Land accounts for biodiversity A methodological study for the allocation of land with high nature values to owners and industries Land accounts for biodiversity A methodological study for the allocation of land with high nature values to owners and industries Draft version 2014-09-29 Prepared for the 20 th meeting of the London Group,

More information

Fragmentation of land by urbanisation, transport infrastructure and agriculture

Fragmentation of land by urbanisation, transport infrastructure and agriculture Fragmentation of land by urbanisation, transport infrastructure and agriculture Background The survival of threatened species depends on populations which are large enough to maintain their genetic diversity

More information

What is Landscape Ecology?

What is Landscape Ecology? Introduction to Landscape Ecology By Kevin McGarigal Disclaimer: Some of the material in this document was borrowed from Turner et al. (2001) and Dean Urban s Landscape Ecology course notes, Duke University.

More information

Important Plant Areas in Eastern Europe

Important Plant Areas in Eastern Europe Important Plant Areas in Eastern Europe Building IPA inventories so much more than making lists Elizabeth Radford, Plantlife International UNESCO IYB Science and Policy conference, Paris 25 29 January

More information

U.S. SOYBEAN SUSTAINABILITY ASSURANCE PROTOCOL

U.S. SOYBEAN SUSTAINABILITY ASSURANCE PROTOCOL US SOYBEAN SUSTAINABILITY ASSURANCE PROTOCOL A Sustainability System That Delivers MARCH 2013 Since 1980, US farmers increased soy production by 96% while using 8% less energy US SOYBEAN SUSTAINABILITY

More information