Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary

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1 Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary (Level D) Mark Pennington Pennington Publishing El Dorado Hills, CA

2 Congratulations on your purchase of Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary. COPYRIGHT 2001, 2011 Pennington Publishing Printed in the United States of America NOTICE TO THE READER All rights reserved Pennington Publishing Permission is hereby granted to the individual purchaser to reproduce student materials in this book for noncommercial individual or classroom use only. Other than the heretofore specified limited permission for reproduction, the text of this publication, or any part thereof, may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronics or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, storage in an information retrieval system, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher. The Publisher makes no representation or warranties of any kind, including but not limited to, the warranties of fitness for particular purpose or mechantability, nor are any such representations implied with respect to the material set forth herein, and the publisher takes no responsibility with respect to such material. The publisher shall not be liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting, in whole or part, for the readers or students reliance upon, this material. Mark Pennington Pennington Publishing

3 Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary (Level D) Table of Contents Sections Pages Introduction 1-2 Learn How to Teach This Book in Ten Minutes Diagnostic Spelling Assessment 7-9 Diagnostic Spelling Assessment Mastery Matrix Level D Spelling Tests, Spelling Sort Worksheets Answers, and Formative Assessments Summative Assessment Spelling Pattern Worksheets: Sound-Spelling Patterns Scope and Sequence Teacher Resource Pages: Sound-Spelling Example Words and Sentence Dictations (Kindergarten-Third Grade Spelling Patterns) Spelling Pattern Worksheets: Jumbles Answers Syllable Rules Accent Rules Whole Class Direct Instruction: Spelling Transformers Syllable Blending and Syllable Worksheets Eight Conventional Spelling Rules Instruction Spelling Teaching Resources How to Study Spelling Words Spelling Proofreading Strategies for Stories and Essays

4 Table of Contents (continued) Supplemental Word Lists Outlaw Words The 450 Most Frequently Used Words The 100 Most Often Misspelled Words The 70 Most Commonly Confused Words Spelling Pattern Review Games Word Jumbles Word Making Spelling Quick Picks Spelling Baseball Knock-Out Spelling Remedial Spelling Games Word Jumbles Spelling Quick Picks Vowel Concentration Remedial Spelling Sort Cards Level D Spelling Assessment Mastery Matrix Spelling-Vocabulary Worksheets Sight Spelling-Vocabulary Review Vocabulary Teaching Resources 419 Essential Word Parts Vocabulary Games Vocabulary Study Cards Context Clues Vocabulary Steps Semantic Spectrums Figures of Speech

5 Introduction Differentiating spelling instruction within a comprehensive English-language arts program is a challenging task for even the best veteran teacher. Upper elementary, middle school, and high school teachers all have different content standards, skills, and students. Some teachers emphasize reading skills; others focus on writing skills; still others primarily teach literature. But all are expected to add on grammar, mechanics, vocabulary development, listening-speaking skills, and spelling. Of these add-ons, spelling instruction is most often placed on the back-burner or relegated to a pass-out-the-list-and-study-on-your-own approach. It s not that teachers devalue spelling instruction. Teachers recognize the importance of conventional spelling. Time and materials are the key instructional issues. Teaching is reductivespending time on this takes away from that. Instructional decision-making is largely about prioritizing. So, curricular materials must afford teachers the choices to reflect those priorities. Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary provides teachers with the program resources to flexibility address these constraints and opportunities. The Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary series includes five grade-level spelling programs (fourth-eighth), along with the remedial spelling resources to teach each of the kindergarten-third grade spelling patterns. In other words, teachers get all the resources to catch up their students while the students keep up with grade level spelling. Teachers can truly differentiate spelling instruction with minimal teacher prep, correcting, and paperwork, but without eating up all of their limited instructional minutes. Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary is the ideal curriculum for grade-level classes, combination classes, RtI, reading intervention courses, and flexible homeschool instruction. Of course, the grade levels are never listed on program resources to allow teachers to match appropriate program levels to the needs of their students. Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary Nuts and Bolts Everything a teacher needs to know about the program components and how to differentiate spelling instruction is found in the Learn How to Teach This Program in 10 Minutes section. Each of the five program levels includes all of the resources teachers need to differentiate spelling instruction for each grade level: weekly spelling pattern word lists, weekly spelling sorts, syllabication and accent worksheets, structural analysis activities, review games, formative and summative assessments with recording matrices, supplementary word lists, remedial worksheets, and more. Review is built into each of the five program levels. Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary is standards-based. View the state standard alignment documents along with the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) documents at Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary is researched-based. The instructional scope and sequence dovetails perfectly with systematic, explicit phonics instruction and structural analysis (word study). Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary Pennington Publishing 1

6 What Doesn t Work with Other Spelling Programs and What Does Work with Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary (TSV) Others use themed spelling word lists. TSV uses developmental spelling patterns for its word lists, providing sequential, research-based orthographic instruction. Others use practice worksheets that focus on rote memorization, such as word searches, fill-in-the-blanks, or crossword puzzles. TSV provides spelling sorts and remedial worksheets to help students practice recognition and application of the spelling patterns. Others de-emphasize structural analysis. TSV emphasizes word study: syllables, accents, morphemes, inflections, spelling rules, pronunciation, and derivational influences. Others do not integrate vocabulary instruction. TSV integrates homonyms, common Greek and Latin prefixes, roots, and suffixes, and other linguistic influences. Others minimize the reading-spelling connection. TSV reinforces the decoding-encoding connection with an instructional scope and sequence aligned with systematic, explicit phonics instruction. The TSV program includes five years of seamless spelling instruction with built-in review (Levels A, B, C, D, E) perfect for grade-level classes, combination classes, RtI, reading intervention courses, and flexible homeschool instruction. Others ignore spelling irregularities. TSV includes Exceptions throughout the program, providing problem-solving strategies that build student (and teacher) confidence in the English orthographic spelling system. Others use spelling tests solely as summative assessments. TSV uses spelling tests as diagnostic and formative instruments to help teachers differentiate instruction. Recording matrices enable teachers to keep track of mastered and un-mastered spelling patterns for each student simple record-keeping and minimal paperwork. The diagnostic assessment is recorded on the accompanying CD-print version only. Others provide one-size-fits-all instruction. TSV provides the resources and management system for true differentiated instruction with remedial, grade-level, and accelerated spellers. Others use visual-only spelling strategies. TSV uses multi-sensory instructional practice, including songs and raps (on accompanying CD-print version only), games and phonological awareness activities perfect for students with auditory processing deficits and a must for effective Response to Intervention (RTI) instruction. Others have no writing-spelling connection. TSV requires students to develop weekly Personal Spelling Lists that include commonly misspelled words from their own writing. Others provide no review activities for unit spelling tests. TSV provides ample review activities, including spelling review games, flashcards, and Word Jumbles. Others take either inordinate teacher preparation or require too much class time. TSV is teacher-friendly and requires only minimal prep time. These flexible resources will not eat up instructional minutes. See next section for suggested instructional minutes. Others are overly expensive and require consumable workbooks. TSV provides all the resources that teachers and students need in one large binder (or PDF). Be sure to check out the other fine Pennington Publishing resources to differentiate language arts instruction at including Teaching Grammar and Mechanics, Teaching Reading Strategies, and Teaching Essay Strategies. Teaching Spelling and Vocabulary Pennington Publishing 2

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