INTRODUCTION. Welcome to BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS & STRATEGIES!

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2 CONTENTS Introduction Using Definitions Using Definitions Using Definitions Using Definitions Synonyms Synonyms Synonyms Synonyms Antonyms Antonyms Antonyms Practice Page: Synonyms and Antonyms There s English, and Then There s English Homonyms Homonyms Homonyms Homonyms Practice Page: Homonyms Weird and Wonderful Words Words in Context Context Clues: Definitions Context Clues: Examples Context Clues: Comparisons and Contrasts Context Clues: Synonyms Words in Context Words in Context: Putting Words to Work Word Workout Multiple-Meaning Words Multiple-Meaning Words Multiple-Meaning Words Multiple-Meaning Words Multiple-Meaning Words Practice Page: Multiple-Meaning Words Word Workout Base Words Base Words Prefixes Prefixes Prefixes Practice Page: Prefixes Suffixes Suffixes Suffixes Suffixes Suffixes Suffixes and Prefixes Practice Page: Suffixes and Prefixes Recognizing Word Parts Wonderful Words Wonderful Words Compound Words Compound Words Compound Words Practice Page: Compound Words Word Workout Parts of Speech Parts of Speech Parts of Speech Parts of Speech Parts of Speech Parts of Speech: Adverbs Practice Page: Parts of Speech Word Workout: More Weird and Wonderful Words Commonly Confused Words Commonly Confused Words Practice Page: Commonly Confused Words The Dictionary: Finding Your Word The Dictionary: Finding Your Word The Dictionary Entry Word: Syllables The Dictionary Entry Word: Syllables The Dictionary Entry Word: Spelling Help

3 The Dictionary Entry: Pronouncing the Word The Dictionary Entry: Pronouncing the Word The Dictionary Entry: Pronouncing the Word Dictionary Entry: Word Definitions/ Parts of Speech Dictionary Entry: Word Definitions/ Parts of Speech Dictionary Entries: Multiple-Meaning Words Using a Dictionary Using a Dictionary Practice Page: Using a Dictionary Word Workout The Thesaurus The Thesaurus Foreign Words and Phrases Foreign Words and Phrases Word Origins: Greek Roots Word Origins: Greek Roots Word Origins: Latin Roots Word Origins: Latin Roots Word Origins: Latin Roots Word Origins Analogies Analogies Analogies Wonderful Words Wonderful Words Informal Language: Slang Informal Language Standard and Nonstandard Language Figures of Speech: Idioms Figures of Speech: Idioms Figures of Speech: Idioms Word Workout Figures of Speech: Hyperbole Figures of Speech: Hyperbole Figures of Speech: Similes and Metaphors Figures of Speech: Similes Levels of Meaning: Words and Emotions Levels of Meaning: Words and Emotions Levels of Meaning: Words and Emotions Word Workout Choosing Your Words Abbreviations: Reading Labels Word Workout Words at Work: History Words at Work: History Using a Glossary Words at Work: American Government Words at Work: American Government Using a Glossary Words at Work: The Critic Words at Work: The Critic Words at Work: The Shopper Word Workout: Some Ups and Downs of Vocabulary Words at Work: Health and Grooming Words at Work: Health and Grooming Words at Work: At the Computer Tricky Spellings Practice Page: Tricky Spellings Power Workout: Review What You ve Learned Power Workout: Review What You ve Learned Scope and Sequence Answer Key

4 INTRODUCTION Welcome to BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS & STRATEGIES! We at Saddleback Publishing, Inc. are proud to introduce this important supplement to your basal language arts curriculum. Our goal in creating this series was twofold: to help on-level and below-level students build their word power in short incremental lessons, and to provide you, the teacher, with maximum flexibility in deciding when and how to assign these exercises. All lessons are reproducible. That makes them ideal for homework, extra credit assignments, cooperative learning groups, or focused drill practice for selected ESL or remedial students. A quick review of the book s Table of Contents will enable you to individualize instruction according to the varied needs of your students. Correlated to the latest research and current language arts standards in most states, the instructional design of Building Vocabulary Skills & Strategies is unusually comprehensive for a supplementary program. All important concepts ranging from primary-level phonics to the nuances of connotation are thoroughly presented from the ground up. Traditional word attack strategies and getting meaning from context clues are dually emphasized. As all educators know, assessment and evaluation of student understanding and skill attainment is an ongoing process. Here again, reproducible lessons are ideal in that they can be used for both pre- and post-testing. We further suggest that you utilize the blank back of every copied worksheet for extra reinforcement of that lesson s vocabulary; spelling tests or short writing assignments are two obvious options. You can use the Scope and Sequence chart at the back of each book for recording your ongoing evaluations. Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies, Level 5 Saddleback Publishing, Inc., 3 Watson, Irvine, CA Phone (888) SDL-BACK 5

5 USING DEFINITIONS 1 The definition of a word tells its meaning. Study the definitions below and use them as you complete this worksheet. adapt carnival freight transparent To adapt is to make usable or to change to fit new conditions. A carnival is traveling entertainment that usually includes sideshows, games, amusement rides, and refreshments. Carnival can also mean a time of feasting and merrymaking with parades, dances, and masquerades. Freight is a load of goods shipped by train, truck, ship, airplane, etc. Something transparent can be easily seen through or easily recognized. Use the definitions to decide which word best completes each sentence. Write the word on the line. 1. Mardi Gras is a famous in New Orleans that people celebrate with parades, costumes, music, and dancing. 2. A train carries goods from the manufacturer to the marketplace. 3. The fence post is too short, so the rancher will it by welding on more metal. 4. As suburbs grow, cougars have had to to humans moving into their environment. 5. The clear window was more than the stained-glass window. 6. Although Martha said she broke the date because she had to study, her real reasons were quite. 6 Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies, Level 5 Saddleback Publishing, Inc Watson, Irvine, CA Phone (888) SDL-BACK

6 USING DEFINITIONS 2 Review the definitions from the last worksheet. Then choose words from the box that best complete the paragraph. Write the word or form of the word on the lines. (You may use a word more than once.) adapt carnival freight transparent People saved their money. They their regular schedules to make time for fun. With lots of games and thrill rides, the had arrived in town! For the past two days, workers had been unloading from brightly colored trucks. What an exciting life it must be to go from town to town with a! It could be hard, however, to to the life of a traveler with no permanent roots. Now the gates were ready to open. A Ferris wheel turned high above the town s tallest building. plastic sheeting let light shine in but covered refreshment booths in case of rain. The fun was about to begin! Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies, Level 5 Saddleback Publishing, Inc Watson, Irvine, CA Phone (888) SDL-BACK 7

7 USING DEFINITIONS 3 You can often figure out a word s definition by studying the other words in the sentence. conceited frustrate lavish opponent To be conceited is to have too high of an opinion of yourself. To frustrate someone is to keep that person from doing or getting something desirable. Lavish means very generous in giving or spending; much more than enough. To lavish is to spend or give generously. Opponents are individuals or teams, etc., that work against one another in a fight, contest, election, etc.; they are foes. Write T or F to tell whether each sentence below is true or false. 1. Most celebrities enjoy quite a lavish lifestyle. 2. Even poor parents can lavish their children with love. 3. A cat might frustrate a dog by peering down at him from the top of a bookcase. 4. You can t be self-confident without being conceited. 5. Opponents always share their game plans before taking the field. 6. People might think a very shy person is aloof or conceited. 7. Lavish banquet meals are always served with catsup and mustard. 8. Opponents in a debate may be teammates in a sport. 9. You can frustrate your own goals if you are too lazy to work hard. 8 Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies, Level 5 Saddleback Publishing, Inc Watson, Irvine, CA Phone (888) SDL-BACK

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