1 Freight/Logistics Costs are Driving Site Selection 8/8/12 Prepared for: WT 100 Forum
2 About FCG Site selection, economic development, real estate, and workforce consulting company Worked on site selection projects that created over 5,000 jobs and $1 billion in capital investment in recent years Completed many successful economic development plans that have created hundreds of jobs Deane Foote is a Founding Board Member of the Site Selectors Guild, Inc.
3 Site Selection Experience Wal-Mart Distribution Centers (DC) nationwide MeadWestvaco US sites comparisons Sisener Spanish renewable energy firm Staples Distribution centers Country Fresh Food processing plants ING Financial Services
4 Logistics Industry Overview Logistics: The transporting and storage of goods and information from the point-of-origin to the point-of-consumption The U.S. industry spends billions of dollars on freight transportation every year Transportation modes include: Full Truck Load Trailers (TL) Less-Than Truck Load Trailers (LTL) Small Parcel Rail, Air, Ocean, Pipeline, Intermodal Inbound transportation is shipment from suppliers and outbound transportation is shipment to the customers Companies are always looking to minimize their freight transportation costs, most commonly by locating distribution centers closer to their outbound destinations.
5 State of the Logistics Industry Fuel prices, impacted from the demand-supply imbalance, will continue to drive rates scarily northward On the international side, port congestion is an equally miserable issue There are dire predictions about: Drastic driver shortages Continued worry about the overall transportation infrastructure Likely increase in security requirements, etc. With these challenging issues, there s even a larger desire to optimize the network of distribution centers.
6 Organizations manage multiple links in their supply chains to deliver finished goods to final customers.
7 Warehouse/Distribution (DC) Trends Freight costs drive decisions Access to customers; very specific and detailed freight modeling to optimize shipping costs and time. You are in the zone or you are not, simple as that. Very fuel cost sensitive optimizing shipping distance Regionalization versus massive boxes for national market (speed to market, lower shipping costs) Some rethinking of integrating rail Highway access: 5 to 55 Immediate access to limited access highway Large flat sites or better; available building meeting above criteria Labor costs often still the top factor.
8 Warehouse/Distribution (DC) Trends Location activity was slower in 2011 (except online retail projects) due in part to: Weak retail sales (but rebounding fast) A glut of existing building space Move to third party providers (3 PLs ) DCs are attracted to port sites (i.e. Long Beach; Houston; Savannah; Charleston) Post Panamax port expansions will impact locations DCs are attracted to intermodal sites (i.e. Joliet; KC; Alliance, TX) Retail tax issues are driving many siting decisions for online retail DCs Lack of understanding of freight modeling.
9 Key DC Location Criteria Access to market/transportation/freight costs Access to intermodal freight terminals and ports growing in importance Labor costs/availability Key positions: material handlers, forklift drivers, and truck drivers Electric power (costs/reliability) Access to Interstate highways (within 10 miles of interchange) Mileage requirement has gone down from 20 miles due to increased fuel costs Certified/Shovel Ready sites (50 to 250 acres) or large buildings Rail service for select operations Incentives/Training Good labor/management relations.
10 Project Wildcat Retail DC servicing the Southeast Inbound freight from Europe & Asia Outbound to SE and Mid-Atlantic Compared Charleston, Jacksonville, Savannah, and Norfolk Labor Site/Building Taxes Power Freight from the model Potential incentives.
11 Generic Report Cover
12 Project Wildcat Specs Purpose: Distribution of consumer goods to retail stores in major markets of the SE Hours of Operation: 3 shifts; 7 days per week Labor: 444 total (7 managerial/engineering; 20 clerical/sales; 15 maintenance mechanics; 200 material handlers;100 warehouse laborers;100 semi-truck drivers) Utilities: Electric Power Demand: 1,000 KW; Energy: 400,000 KwH/month (average) Building: 750,000 square feet 725,000 warehouse; 25,000 of office/shop space Land: 75 level acres in a fully improved industrial area; rail a plus Investment: Machinery and equipment (M&E) $18,750,000; inventory $37,500,000; land & building $30,000,000 Freight: Inbound: 60% from Asia; 10% from Europe; 30% domestic. Based on average miles and rates from suppliers via 54% TL; 10% LTL; 30% rail; and 6% small parcel. Outbound: Product classification 85; 12,000,000 units/year; weight per unit 10 lbs.; 70% TL; 20% LTL; 5% rail; and 5% small parcel. Other Critical Factors: Good access to reasonably priced workforce; reliable and economical electric power.
13 Wages DC Salaries, 2011 Charleston, SC $27,069 $40,403 Norfolk, VA $27,495 $42,004 Savannah, GA $27,543 $40,805 Jacksonville, FL $27,970 $41,419 $0 $10,000 $20,000 $30,000 $40,000 $50,000 Maintenance Mechanics Material Handlers Source: ERI; incumbent median wages
14 Site Costs Site Sale Prices (fully improved), 2011 $160,000 $140,000 $120,000 $100,000 $80,000 $60,000 $40,000 $20,000 $0 $80,000 $30,000 $30,000 $141,863 $140,000 $152,500 $50,000 $115,000 *Estimated; Source: FCG Fieldwork
15 Jacksonville Site Assessment Interstate Commerce Park Best Site; 319 acres; CSX rail possible; $152,500/acre I-95 & Pecan Park Rd in N. JV; just north of airport Alliance 500 acres; no rail; $150,000/acre; South of I-10 in W. JV at JAA Cecil Air Field Lem Turner Industrial Park 500 acres; no rail; price unknown I-295 & Lem Turner Rd in N JV; SW of airport.
16 Savannah Northport Site Assessment Best Site; 260 acres; rail possible; 500,000-sq-ft building with 500,000-sq-ft pad ready ($4.50 NNN); $140,000/acre; one mile north of airport in N Sav.; 5 miles from Port Morgan Business Center 200 acres; $70,000/acre; rail; N of I-16 in W Sav Crossroads Business Center 100 acre site; no rail; price unknown; Lowe s, Home Depot, and Dollar Tree DCs on site; just north of airport in N Sav.
17 Site Assessment Norfolk Centerpoint Best Site; 937 acres; $141,863/acre; CSX intermodal on site; 1.8-million-sq-ft Target DC; off of US 58 in Suffolk (SW of Norfolk) Northgate 115 acres; rail; Prologis is developing up to 2.1 million sq ft of Class A DC; W of I-664 in Suffolk.
18 Charleston RGD/FTZ Site Site Assessment Best Site; Pad ready ; no rail; closest to port; $50,000/acre; near other DCs; FTZ Palmetto Commerce Park 120 acres; $115,000/acre; off I-26 at Ladson Rd, NW of airport; most expensive Colleton County Site $30,000/acre; good I-95 access; shovel ready ; no rail Ridgeville Industrial Park Lowest cost overall; rail; $80,000/acre.
21 Project Wildcat Annual Operating Costs for a DC Location in the SE, 2011 Charleston RGD/FTZ Charleston Colleton Co Charleston Southern Carolina Charleston Ridgeville Palmetto Charleston Jacksonville, FL $33,126,478 $33,040,307 $33,072,201 $33,087,349 $33,886,614 Savannah, GA $37,873,666 Norfolk, VA $0 $10,000,000 $20,000,000 $30,000,000 $35,623,082 $34,605,422 $40,000,000 Source: Foote Consulting Group
22 Freight Modeling for EDOs Freight costs are often the least understood location criteria. It allows you to understand the freight transportation factor, which is often a driver for potential DC customers. By asking for shipping information, you can estimate and confirm the inbound/outbound freight costs for a prospect. You can understand your freight differential and explore ways to offset it such as through incentives. You can use the data to produce compelling marketing materials.
23 How do you stack up?
24 Simple data input
25 Comprehensive Results
26 .Easy for Clients to Understand
27 For more information, contact: Mr. Deane Foote, CEcD (480)
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