1 Polytechnic Network Higher education, research, international mobility Employment and skills Education and Training Special plan for youth employment, continuity of employment, promotion of entrepreneurship Education Research Emilia-Romagna Learning is growing
2 For any further information, please contact: Emilia-Romagna Region Ministry for Education, vocational training, university and research, employment Viale Aldo Moro Bologna (Italy) phone: fax: E-R Formazione e lavoro
3 Learning is growing Education and Research for the country s development by Patrizio Bianchi Minister for Education, vocational training, university and research, employment, Emilia-Romagna Region Education economics and economic and social dynamics Over the past few years a special attention has been paid to education economics, i.e. studies on the impact that investment in human capital and educational facilities has on the economic and social system and on the development of a given country or context. Knowledge is defined by Nobel laureate in economics Elinor Ostrom as a key asset of the community, and today it is considered to be a strategic element for individuals and for the community. To profitably invest in knowledge, supporting growth processes based on participation rights, it is necessary to identify the skills that will be needed in the years to come. We are faced with changing social dynamics and changing expectations and needs of citizens. Change concerns the means that people and businesses use to manage the complexity of the competitive environment in which they operate. There has been a shift away from the rigidity of traditional organizational structures towards flexible solutions based on constantly evolving capabilities and skills of individuals who interact in the network. ER Education and Research Emilia-Romagna Starting from this awareness and from an idea of knowledge as common good, the Emilia-Romagna Region has outlined a strategy for action aimed at generating conditions in furtherance of a closer relationship between provision of training and human capital qualification requirements. The policy that has been implemented since 2010 covered the whole area of education and research, from the first segment under the regional responsibility, aimed at the acquisition of a vocational qualification, up to PhD
4 Schools courses. The result is a new educational infrastructure, established in liaison with social partners, based on inter-institutional cooperation and integration between training providers and enterprises, subdivided into four branches: Education and Training (EaVT), Polytechnic Network, Higher education, research and international mobility, Employment and skills. It has been named ER Education and Research Emilia-Romagna to identify this Region with a firm commitment: to guarantee everyone the right to acquire broad and innovative professional skills, to grow, work and unlock one s potential, intelligence, creativity and talent. The perspective is that of a new idea of equality. A dynamic and open equality, as a potential access to education, training and employment. The historian and essayist, Aldo Schiavone, has defined equality as equal opportunities in social and spatial mobility, in smooth access to jobs, careers and knowledge, and in an ongoing challenge of acquired knowledge and skills. An educational infrastructure for an innovative area ER Education and Research acts as a positive externality for development, starting from the recognition of individual rights. A clear belief is at the base of the complex and articulated policy implemented and funded with about 200 million euro each year namely that it is necessary to push the whole community to be innovative, Universities and Research Institutes training providers through a systematic and systemic action on skills, to enhance the ability to critically evaluate and define the roles and the expectations in a new open context and to allow a significant broadening of businesses that can operate and compete globally. The Plan for young people s access to the labour market, continuity of employment, support and promotion of entrepreneurship is designed to meet these requirements. It is an extraordinary intervention supplementing ER Education and Research, and in particular the fourth segment, Employment and skills, to fight against precarious work, and through incentives for open-ended employment contracts for young people up to 34 years, to promote employment, by rewarding enterprises that invest in their training as a prerequisite for innovation. Growth and sustainability Today, as Gianni Toniolo tells in the presentation of the Bank of Italy report on the Italian 150 year-long economic history, a poor education level is not only an obstacle to the adoption of techniques
5 School 556 schools Institutions 39,940 teachers 518,078 pupils Enterprises Social partners Training accredited 171 training providers 5,500 employees 100,000 people in training each year typical of modern times, but probably also to the understanding of other cultures and, in general, to social as well as economic transformation of the country. It is an obstacle to the shaping of that intangible social capital of trust and belonging that facilitates the cohesion of the community. ER Education and Research Emilia-Romagna is the development policy which combines new employment and social mobility, by combating cultural, economic and local inequalities. A development policy based on the principle of inclusiveness, essential to overcome a crisis that is so long that it is itself a manifestation of the deep transition that we are living in the new century. Investing in your future A fundamental contribution to the ER Education and Research opportunities comes from the European Union which, through the European Social Fund, allocates resources to the regions to upgrade people s skills, to promote jobs and the quality of work, to support an innovative and cohesive local development. University 4 145,000 5,500 universities lecturers and researchers university students Labour market 1,967, % employed people employment rate (Italy 56.9% - UE %) 60.9% female employment rate (Italy 46.5% - UE %) 5.3% unemployment rate (Italy 8.4% - UE %)
6 Education and Trai More future The first branch of ER Education and Research is the Education and Training system (EaVT). It provides students with a new training proposal that allows them to achieve vocational qualifications in a three-year-long course. Pupils 8,326 at national Schools 3,964 at training providers 794 of which attending customized courses Educational offer 364 courses at national Schools 187 courses at training providers 22 vocational qualifications Education providers 71 national Schools 42 training providers Resources 55 million euro (European Social Fund, national and regional funds) 2011/2012 school year A three-year job-oriented education and training The new national law provides that the school system (high schools, technical and vocational schools) releases only upper secondary education diplomas at the end of five-year-long cycles. To provide junior high school-leavers with a differentiated educational offer, consistent with the needs of the regional economic-manufacturing system, the Emilia-Romagna Region introduced by Regional Law No 5/2011 the new EaVT - Education and Training system: three-year- long courses based on the cooperation of training providers with Regional accreditation and national Schools. Technical and vocational skills and basic education The three-year-long EaVT pathway is aimed at promoting the acquisition of knowledge and technical and vocational skills required by the labour market, as well as literacy, numeracy, scientific, technological, historical, social and economic skills, which are essential to train young people to build their own future as full-fledged citizens. The first year of the course is intended to provide general guidance and must be attended in national Schools. It allows students to strengthen their basic skills, also through customized courses, and provides each one of them with the necessary time to choose the most appropriate training solution to achieve vocational qualifications over the next two years.
7 ning More opportunities, more future The new system puts out a twofold challenge. On the one hand, it is intended to prevent and reduce school dropout, by creating flexible career paths, which can re-motivate, strengthen and guide young people. On the other hand, it enables this educational segment to play a strategic role in the country s economic growth. At the end of the three-year-long course, with the achievement of a vocational qualification, young people are ready to access to the labour market but they can also study further to attain higher levels of education. The EaVT system makes it possible for them to rethink their CVs and to decide to complete their education up to the attainment of a higher secondary education diploma. Otherwise they can decide to increase their working skills through the training opportunities offered by ER Education and Research. Right to education, improvement of schools and training providers system Investment in the EaVT supplements the regional commitment and action for the right to education and the qualification of the school system in Emilia-Romagna. Approximately 12 million euro resources have been allocated by the Regional Authority for scholarships (this year 14,700 students have benefi ted from them), transport services, actions aimed at further enhancing the quality of education and training, and at promoting the adoption of innovative teaching methods in schools located in mountain areas. training providers Schools qualifications V IV Fourth year III II I Three-year courses vocational qualification Secondary schools Higher Technical Institutes National Schools EaVT
8 Polytechnic Network Technology to grow Schools Universities and Research Institutes training providers Enterprises Higher Technical Institutes (HTI) 7 HTI Foundations 9 two-year paths 215 students Higher Technical Education and Training paths (HTET) 25 paths 559 students Higher Education paths (HE) 67 paths 996 students Resources 9 million euro (European Social Fund and national funds) skills certification Higher Technical Institutes 300/500 hrs HTI 1.800/2.000 hrs qualification 2011/2012 academic year Higher technical degree HTET 800/1.000 hrs higher technical specialization Technological innovation, market globalization and the changing demand for goods and services require society to invest continuously in the production of new knowledge, dissemination of technical and scientific expertise and acquisition of specialized skills enabling people to be integrated into a dynamic labour market and keep on learning. In order to meet this need, the Emilia-Romagna Region has strengthened and extended its higher education system, by linking it to the new Regional Polytechnic Network. The aim of the Polytechnic Network is to provide training and learning opportunities based on the enhancement of vocational, technical, scientific and technological culture. It is characterized by the integration of different education providers - school system, vocational training providers accredited by the Regional Authority, universities, research centres - and enterprises, all committed to working together on the basis of their experience, expertise and excellence in the design and implementation of activities. The offer of the Polytechnic Network - designed by the Emilia-Romagna Region and financed through the European Social Fund, national and regional resources - consists of three types of courses. Courses organized by Higher Technical Institutes (HTI) HTI are new technology schools that organize two-year courses, 9 throughout the whole region, to train top technicians who can be integrated into the strategic sectors of the economic manufacturing system, providing
9 HTI network in Emilia-Romagna enterprises with highly specialized skills and innovative capacities. HTI courses are alternative to university, although closely connected to it, provide for mandatory work experiences, both in Italy and abroad, and have a significant number of teachers coming from the business world. With the establishment of an Association of Foundations, the Region intends to strengthen the local network of Higher Technical Institutes (HTI), by promoting openness to the national and European dimension. Higher Technical Education and Training paths (HTET) HTET paths train highly specialized technicians capable of managing and supervising corporate organizational and manufacturing processes, also connected to technological innovations and market internationalization. Higher Education paths (HE) Higher Education paths are addressed to employed or unemployed young and adult people who wish to enter the labour market or to attain further qualifications to effectively perform occupational roles as engineers and project managers in the production and business management areas. Polytechnic Network HTI HTET HE Bologna Top technician for automation and mechatronic systems Ferrara Top technician for architectonic renovation of building site Forlì-Cesena Top technician for multimedia graphics and communication systems Modena Top technician for materials for design and mechanical production Parma Top technician responsible for agricultural, agro-food and agro-industrial production and processing Piacenza Top technician for info-mobility and logistics infrastructure Ravenna Top technician for energy supply and for construction of power plants Reggio Emilia Top technician for innovation in processes and products and specialized in mechatronics V IV III II I Fourth year Three-year courses vocational qualification Rimini Top technician for the development of cultural assets, local products and tourism Secondary schools Higher Technical Institutes National Schools EaVT
10 Higher education, research, in Knowledge networks training providers Universities and Research Institutes Enterprises Training vouchers Research grants Ph.D. Courses The third segment of ER Education and Research includes measures to build shared knowledge networks between enterprises, universities and research institutions. ER offers the most experimental and innovative opportunities and actions to give human capital a key role for the growth of a competitive, open and global production system. Research grants and scholarships ER provides research grants, financial incentives, customized mentoring and support services, advanced training through the Spinner 2013 Programme, financed by European Social Fund. Actions are aimed at supporting: innovative business and / or knowledge-intensive ideas, industrial research, experimental development, technology transfer, organizational, managerial and financial innovation, vocational reskilling plans for highly qualified human resources, experiences abroad in universities and research institutes. Spinner 2013 In Emilia-Romagna there are 10 Spinner Points, active at universities and regional research centres, that give information about Spinner 2013 Programme and serve as reference points for students wishing to initiate highly innovative and entrepreneurial projects and careers.
11 ternational mobility Ph.D. courses To support the regional research system and to develop human resources, the Regional Authority funds scholarships on strategic issues for enterprises and for the regional economic system. All the regional universities work together on individual projects, according to an interdisciplinary approach, in close co-operation with enterprises. A community of researchers dedicated to the creation and transfer of the knowledge necessary for innovation and development of the local community towards a new economic and social welfare. Training vouchers for higher education Training vouchers are grants funded by the Regional Authority to allow access to employed or unemployed people to university masters, advanced training courses and specialization courses. The aim is to promote access to lifelong learning providing people with continuous training and retraining opportunities. Research grant Altaformazioneinrete.it This is the interregional catalogue of courses, accessible through training vouchers. Activities 156 Research grants 42 Scholarships for PhD 216 Higher education training vouchers Resources 8 million euro (European Social Fund) Scholarship for PhD Higher education training vouchers Higher education, research and international mobility Universities Polytechnic Network HTI HTET HE V IV Fourth year III II I Three-year courses vocational qualification Secondary schools Higher Technical Institutes National Schools EaVT
12 Employment and skills New skills for new jobs training Providers Universities and Research Institutes PIL Traineeship ER Education and Research offers opportunities targeting the hiring and retention of qualified people in the labour market. The fourth branch of ER, which completes the regional design, includes different active policies to support people moving into jobs, upgrade workers skills and promote organizational and manufacturing innovation of businesses, financed by European, national and regional resources. Enterprises Apprenticeship Continuous Education Apprenticeship Emilia-Romagna Region has chosen to promote this contract, that allows young people to access the labour market. Therefore the Region invests in training and offers incentives to enterprises that hire apprentices. This makes it easier for companies hiring young apprentices and investing in training as a key feature to enhance the employment relationship. There are three apprenticeship types: apprenticeship for the achievement of a diploma or a vocational qualification, professionalizing apprenticeship and higher education and research apprenticeship. The last one allows young people to work in a company and to achieve a masters degree or a PhD. With a two-fold advantage: supporting young people in qualification pathways, including the highest academic courses, and providing small and medium enterprises with strategic skills in furtherance of innovation. Training pathways for transitions These pathways allow the provision of an in-companybased training and guidance experience useful for acquiring certifiable skills and shortening the time of entry into the labour market. Job placement services The Emilia-Romagna Region offers a job service network, in part also accessible on-line, including information, guidance, counselling, labour demand and supply matching services. Hubs of this network are 40 Provincial Employment Centres, whose desks are located throughout the regional territory, offering their services to citizens and enterprises.
13 Training for employment integration and re-employment This kind of training is programmed by the Provincial Authorities and it is addressed to adults who are unemployed or at risk of exclusion from the labour market and social marginalization. Pathways are designed by training providers in close connection with the local business system and they include internships. Training for innovation of production and organization and for safety at work Training courses are carried out to increase the skills of workers, reinforce occupational safety and promote enterprises innovation. Day nursery grants Day nursery grants are provided to families to facilitate the access of babies to nursery schools and to support family/work balance. It is an effective way to combat discrimination especially against working mothers. Activities Orienter It is the database of training courses funded by the Regional and Provincial Authorities emilia-romagna.it Apprenticeship 35,612 trainees in training (2011) Training pathways for transitions 3,307 people in training Training for employment integration and re-employment 11,046 people in training Training for innovation of production and organization and for safety at work 31,920 people in training Day nursery grants 9,900 nursery grants 948 payee families Resources 47 million euro (European Social Fund, national and regional funds) Research grant V IV III II I Scholarship for PhD Higher education training vouchers Higher education, research and international mobility Universities Polytechnic Network Higher education and research apprenticeship Training pathways for transitions HTI HTET HE Professionalizing apprenticeship Training pathways for transitions Fourth year Three-year courses vocational qualification Traineeship Training pathways for transitions Apprenticeship for the achievement of a diploma or a vocational qualification Labour market Job placement services Actions in support of quality of work and business innovation Secondary schools Higher Technical Institutes National Schools EaVT
14 Special plan for youth employmen promotion of entrepreneurship In 2012, the Emilia-Romagna Region approved a special plan for the access of young people to the labour market, continuity of employment, support and promotion of entrepreneurship, in liaison with the whole ER and, in particular, with the fourth segment on Employment and skills. The idea behind this action, funded by European, national and regional resources, amounting to 46 million, is to enhance youth skills to combat unemployment and precarious work, to support the creation of new businesses, rewarding enterprises investing in young people and their education. 20 M euro 20 M euro THE PLAN ENVISAGES FOUR LINES OF ACTION: Recruitment and retention incentives Enterprises hiring young people up to 34 years with open-ended labour contracts are entitled to receive an incentive of up to 12,000 euro. In particular, those companies that have not recently laid off any employees and those hiring young women on a permanent basis are rewarded. Apprenticeship training actions Enterprises wishing to recruit young people using this form of contract have access to opportunities ranging from economic incentives to funding of apprentice training. Actions vary depending on the type of contract chosen: apprenticeship for the achievement of a diploma or a vocational qualification (for young people up to 25 years without any qualifications or diploma), professionalizing apprenticeship (for youth aged 18-29) or higher education and research apprenticeship (for young people up to 29 years in possession of a diploma or university degree).
15 t, continuity of employment, Pre-integration training actions They are targeted to youngsters aged between 30 and 34 years, with the aim of promoting their integration into the labour market on a permanent basis. Young workers are provided with the opportunity to receive training before being integrated into the labour market. On-the-job training is mainly provided, designed to make young workers acquire skills consistent with the actual needs of the enterprise. Actions in support of entrepreneurship They are aimed at both young people and enterprises based in the region. Young people aged between 18 and 34 years who wish to become self-employed have free access to customized training and consulting. Training programmes are financed for enterprises who wish to enhance the entrepreneur s or the key employees skills and to provide workers with updated technical and professional skills. 3 M euro 3 M euro Young people and employment in Emilia-Romagna 896,308 young people between 15 and 34 years 501,000 employed young people employment rate 51.01% female employment rate 10% 56.3% unemployment rate (Italy 15.7%) 11.8% female unemployment rate (Italy 17.7%) The complexity of the labour market and the challenges of the economic production system require new communication skills and a high propensity to innovate and improve services to satisfy the market needs at a local level. This is the starting point that has led to the creation of Lavoro per Te (Work for you), namely the new Emilia-Romagna regional employment portal network developed in close liaison with the Provincial Authorities and the employment centres. The aims are to match labour supply and demand, to facilitate the interaction of citizens and businesses with the public administration, to facilitate access to the opportunities offered by the Special Plan for youth employment and to other actions carried out by the Regional and Provincial Authorities. regione.emilia-romagna.it/lavoro-per-te
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